Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1226
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Mokhtari Mojgan - - 2010
PURPOSE: To our knowledge, there is no report regarding adenosine deaminase activity (ADA) in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The aim of the present study was to investigate the level of serum ADA activity in normal pregnancy, GDM and normal non-pregnant women. METHODS: The serum catalytic concentration of ADA was measured ...
Katafigioti Amalia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is associated with reduced local anesthetic requirements and increased pain thresholds, possibly due to hormonal changes and activation of endogenous opioids. METHODS: We compared the responses to a mechanical and an electrical stimulus in 30 pregnant women (pregnant group) scheduled for cesarean section and 30 healthy female volunteers ...
Rosenfeld Charles R - - 2009
Regulation of uteroplacental blood flow (UPBF) during pregnancy remains unclear. Large conductance, Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels (BK(Ca)), consisting of alpha- and regulatory beta-subunits, are expressed in uterine vascular smooth muscle (UVSM) and contribute to the maintenance of UPBF in the last third of ovine pregnancy, but their expression pattern and activation ...
Zhang Huixia - - 2009
Plasma concentrations of protease inhibitors are lower in pregnant women than in nonpregnant women or men. Using nelfinavir as a model protease inhibitor, we have shown that this phenomenon can be reproduced in a representative non-human primate model, Macaca nemestrina (J Pharmacol Exp Ther 329:1016-1022, 2009). Nelfinavir is cleared from ...
Whitworth Kristin M - - 2009
The following experiments compared the efficiency of three fusion/activation protocols following somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) with porcine somatic cells transfected with enhanced green fluorescent protein driven by the chicken beta-actin/rabbit beta-globin hybrid promoter (pCAGG-EGFP). The three protocols included electrical fusion/activation (NT1), electrical fusion/activation followed by treatment with a reversible ...
Tokumura A - - 2009
Altered lipid metabolism is associated with human abnormal pregnancy, such as pre-eclampsia and preterm labor, and potentially leads to fetus loss. A causative factor for the onset and progress of the systemic multifactorial syndromes associated with the pathological pregnancy is oxidized low-density lipoprotein, an active identity of which was postulated ...
Govaert B - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) is a treatment for consecutive therapy resistant faecal incontinence or constipation. Little is known about the effects of SNS on uterocervical function. Therefore, it is advised to turn off the stimulator during pregnancy or to wait with permanent implantation of the stimulator until family completion. ...
Toy H - - 2009
Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is an HDL-bound enzyme system which plays a key role in the protection of LDL and HDL from oxidation by hydrolysing activated phospholipids and lipid peroxide products. Oxidative stress has been involved in the pathogenesis of many complications of human pregnancy, including early pregnancy failure (EPF), preeclampsia and ...
Tchaikovski S N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy, oral contraceptive (OC)use and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) are established risk factors for venous thrombosis. Acquired resistance to activated protein C (APC) has been proposed to contribute to the increased thrombosis risk. Mouse models are often used for preclinical testing of newly developed hormone preparations. However, it is ...
Nielsen L Ringholm - - 2009
AIMS: To investigate whether increased risk of severe hypoglycaemia in early pregnancy is related to pregnancy-induced changes in renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activity in women with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). METHODS: Severe hypoglycaemic events the year preceding pregnancy were recorded retrospectively in 107 consecutive pregnant women with T1DM. Events during pregnancy ...
Pretorius Etheresia - - 2009
In normal pregnancy there is an increase in procoagulant activity. Furthermore, the fibrinolytic activity is impaired and remains low during labor and delivery, but returns rapidly to normal, following delivery. Here, we show ultrastructural changes in fibrin networks found in pregnant individuals and nonpregnant individuals. Typically thick, major fibers, and ...
Domingues Marlos Rodrigues - - 2009
Preterm birth is a major reason for infant mortality and morbidity, representing a public health concern worldwide. Regular and voluntary physical activity is healthy behaviour that should be incorporated by everyone, including pregnant women. On the other hand, some women are exposed to highly demanding occupational physical activities during pregnancy ...
Borodulin Katja - - 2009
Realizing the importance of regular physical activity, particularly in the prevention of chronic diseases and unhealthy weight gain, it is important to study how physical activity changes during and after pregnancy using prospective study designs. The aim of this study was to describe the mode, duration, intensity, and changes in ...
Sharkey Don - - 2009
Maternal diet during pregnancy can program an offspring's risk of disease in later life. Obesity adversely alters renal and adipose tissue function, resulting in chronic kidney disease and insulin resistance, respectively, the latter associated with dysregulation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). In view of the current obesity epidemic, we ...
Zhao Yong - - 2009
Chromatographic fractionation of the extract of Isodon henryi resulted in the isolation of seven new ENT-kaurane diterpenoids, named minheryins A-G (1-7), together with the six known ENT-kaurane diterpenoids leukamenin F (8), excisoidesin (9), leukamenin E (10), wangzaozin A (11), pseurata A (12), and racemosin A (13), which were elucidated by ...
Heesch Cheryl M - - 2009
Pregnancy is characterized by elevated heart rate and decreased total peripheral resistance and arterial blood pressure. Plasma volume is expanded and plasma osmolality is decreased, yet vasopressin secretion in pregnant animals, including humans, is no different than levels in the nonpregnant state. Although reflex compensatory sympathoexcitation is suppressed, baseline sympathetic ...
Mohapatra Anil - - 2009
During the present study concentration of nine elements (K, Ca, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Se, Br and Pb) in different tissues of mud crab Scylla serrata from Mahanadi estuary, India were determined by the external PIXE set up at Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India. The study demonstrates the effectiveness of ...
Fox Nathan S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Prior research indicates that pregnant women rarely engage in strenuous physical activity during pregnancy and significantly reduce their sexual activity towards the end of pregnancy. We sought to determine if this was true among patients in a modern urban academic medical center. METHODS: This was a descriptive questionnaire-based survey ...
Borodulin Katja M - - 2008
The aim of the study was to describe the mode, frequency, duration, and intensity of physical activity among pregnant women, to explore whether these women reached the recommended levels of activity, and to explore how these patterns changed during pregnancy. This study, as part of the third phase of the ...
Caviedes-Bucheli Javier - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of tooth bleaching on substance P (SP) expression in healthy human dental pulp. Forty pulp samples were obtained from healthy premolars in which extraction was indicated for orthodontic reasons. Thirty of these premolars were assigned into three different tooth-bleaching protocols: ...
Levy Anat - - 2008
In the current study, we investigated the expression and activity of ACE2 during pregnancy in normotensive and hypertensive rats, focusing on the relative contribution of the uterus and the placentas, the kidney serving as a reference. We used the Sabra rat model of salt-sensitive hypertension. We confirmed a systemic vasodilatory ...
Siegel Paul D - - 2009
The murine local lymph node assay (LLNA) is an internationally accepted assay for identification of contact allergens. The LLNA has also been used in research studies to evaluate contact allergen potency, as well as chemical structural-allergenic activity relationships. The 1-bromoalkanes have been used in such a manner as they represent ...
He Ming-Fang - - 2009
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (Celastraceae) has been traditionally used as folk medicine for centuries in China for the treatment of immune-inflammatory diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to assess the antiangiogenic activities which support the therapeutic use of Tripterygium wilfordii and its terpenoids for angiogenesis disease ...
Yoshida Manabu - - 2008
The sperm activating and attracting factor (SAAF) from the eggs of the ascidian Cionaintestinalis was identified as the sulfated polyhydroxysterol,3alpha,4beta,7alpha,26-tetrahydroxy-5alpha-cholestane-3,26-disulfate. We present a functional analysis of SAAF derivatives that reveals the roles of the various SAAF functional groups. Optical isomerism does not affect SAAF activities. Hydrolysis on one side, i.e. ...
Fell Deshayne B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare women's levels of physical activity during early pregnancy and during the year before pregnancy, and to identify characteristics associated with discontinuing sports and exercise among women previously active during the year before pregnancy. METHODS: Data collected from 1,737 women enrolled in ...
Johansson Pär I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Thrombelastograph (TEG; Haemoscope Corp.) analyzes clot formation in whole blood (WB) and treatment based on this analysis has been shown to reduce transfusion requirements in liver and cardiac surgery when compared to conventional coagulation analysis. Implementing TEG as a routine laboratory-based analysis, however, requires validation of the activators ...
Chasan-Taber Lisa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Studies in predominantly non-Hispanic white populations have suggested that physical activity during pregnancy is associated with a reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). There are few such studies in Hispanic women, a group at increased risk for GDM. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of household/caregiving, occupational, ...
Luciano F B - - 2008
Escherichia coli O157:H7 contamination is a significant meat safety issue in many countries. Allyl isothiocyanate (AIT) is a natural compound found to limit the survival of E. coli O157:H7 and other pathogens in meat and meat products. In the present study, it was found that glutathione and cysteine naturally present ...
Rahal Rami - - 2008
Mitotic cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) control entry into mitosis, but their role during mitotic progression is less well understood. Here we characterize the functions of CDK activity associated with the mitotic cyclins Clb1, Clb2, and Clb3. We show that Clb-CDKs are important for the activation of the ubiquitin ligase Anaphase-Promoting Complex/Cyclosome ...
Zhang Huixia - - 2008
The plasma concentrations of orally administered anti-human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitors are significantly reduced during human and mouse pregnancy. We have shown that in the mouse, at gestational day 19, this reduction is due to increased hepatic cytochrome P450 3a (Cyp3a) protein expression and activity. In the current study, we ...
Sharangouda, K; ;
Petroleum ether and ethanol extracts of the whole plant of <i>Oxalis corniculata</i> were administered orally at the dose level of 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight from day 1 to 7 of pregnancy to evaluate the antiimplantation activity. Though all the treated groups showed significant antiimplantation activity when laparotomised on ...
Gaucher Eric - - 2008
The "Haute Qualite Environnementale" HQE concept is increasingly important for French building. The French acoustics consultants association, GIAc, has been working, with the ADEME's support in order to define acoustically a building that aims to be HQE. The approach is to come back to the analysis of a building acoustics ...
Ota Erika - - 2008
This study aimed to translate the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) into Vietnamese, and test its reliability and validity among Vietnamese pregnant women. Intraclass correlation (ICC) and the Bland and Altman method were used to assess the test-retest reliability of the PPAQ. The Pearson correlations coefficient between the PPAQ measurements ...
Vlachos Dimitrios G - - 2008
Free radical production and high catecholamine levels are implicated with the modulation of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the mode of delivery on maternal-neonatal erythrocyte membrane AChE activity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Some women with normal pregnancy (N = 30) were divided into two groups: group A ...
Nielsen Dennis S - - 2008
Raw cocoa has an astringent, unpleasant taste and flavour, and has to be fermented, dried and roasted in order to obtain the characteristic cocoa flavour and taste. During the fermentation microbial activity outside the cocoa beans induces biochemical and physical changes inside the beans. The process is complex involving activity ...
Wu X - - 2008
The smooth muscle of the uterus during pregnancy presents a unique circumstance of physiological mechanotransduction as the tissue remodels in response to stretches imposed by the growing foetus(es), yet the nature of the molecular and functional adaptations remain unresolved. We studied, in myometrium isolated from non-pregnant (NP) and pregnant mice, ...
Adjei Araba A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acetaminophen (APAP) use in early pregnancy has been associated with the risk of gastroschisis, a rare but serious congenital defect of the abdominal wall. The purpose of this study was to characterize the variability of APAP sulfation in a panel of human fetal livers and to identify the sulfotransferases ...
Girardi Guillermina - - 2008
Appropriate complement inhibition is an absolute requirement for normal pregancy. Uncontrolled complement activation in the maternal-fetal interface leads to fetal death. Here we show that complement activation is a crucial and early mediator of pregnancy loss in two different mouse models of pregnancy loss. Using a mouse model of fetal ...
Matsubayashi Hidehiko - - 2008
PROBLEM: A decrease in factor XII (FXII) activity has been observed in women with unexplained recurrent miscarriages. Because of the many similarities between recurrent in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) failure and early pregnancy loss patients, we investigated whether women with recurrent IVF-ET failure had low FXII activity. METHOD OF STUDY: ...
Hebert M F - - 2008
The objectives of the study were to evaluate the effects of pregnancy on CYP3A and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) activities, as measured by disposition of midazolam and digoxin, respectively. Thirteen women received digoxin (0.25 mg p.o.) and midazolam (2 mg p.o.) in random order, separated by 1-2 weeks at 28-32 weeks gestation, ...
Dickmann Leslie J - - 2008
During human pregnancy, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, and CYP2D6 activities are altered. The aim of the current study was to determine if this phenomenon can be replicated in the rat, and to evaluate the mechanisms that contribute to the changes in Cyp2c and Cyp2d activity during pregnancy. The intrinsic clearance of dextromethorphan ...
Rosenkranz Andrea - - 2008
Pregnancy is associated with substantial changes in the haemostatic system and a six-fold higher incidence of venous thromboembolism. Conventional global tests, such as prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time, do not definitely detect this hypercoagulable condition. We investigated whether the changes in haemostatic system during pregnancy are reflected in ...
Kwon Bowon - - 2008
Benzylideneacetone (BZA) is a metabolite of gram-negative entomopathogenic bacterium Xenorhabdus nematophila, and it acts as an enzyme inhibitor against phospholipase A2 (PLA2). PLA2 catalyzes a committed biosynthetic step of eicosanoids, which mediate insect immune reactions to infection by microbial pathogens. This study tested a hypothesis that a putative immunosuppressive activity ...
Hutton Lisa C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether uteroplacental delivery of endotoxin produces fetal systemic and central nervous system reactions that are suggestive of inflammation. STUDY DESIGN: Lipopolysaccharide (30 or 60 microg) was administered into the uterine artery of late gestation (135 +/- 0.3 days) pregnant sheep. Fetal ...
Girardi Guillermina - - 2008
The paternal antigens presented by the fetus could be considered foreign by the mother's immune system and elicit an immune response. Here we show that the complement system functions as an effector in fetal rejection in two different mouse models of pregnancy loss. In a mouse model of fetal loss ...
Sonneck K - - 2008
IgE-dependent activation of basophils is associated with upregulation of several surface molecules. We recently identified the surface enzyme aminopeptidase N (CD13) as a novel activation antigen on human basophils. In the present study, we asked whether CD13 can be employed as a novel marker of allergen-induced activation of basophils in ...
Hojo Satoshi - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Protein S (PS) activity has been shown to decrease during normal pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine any correlation between decreased maternal PS activity and fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study of maternal PS activity and complement 4b-binding protein (C4BP) concentration ...
Schlüssel Michael Maia - - 2008
A systematic literature review was conducted to investigate the effects of physical activity during pregnancy on selected maternal-child health outcomes. The search included articles published from 1980 to 2005 in the MEDLINE and LILACS databases using key words such as physical activity, physical exercise, pregnancy, and gestation. The methodological quality ...
Speranzini L B M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Progesterone, estrogen and the hormonal complex of pregnancy have been responsible for some degree of colon hypomotility in human pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To find out if estrogen, progesterone and the hormonal complex of pregnancy decrease colon myoelectric activity. METHODS: The study was performed in 37 healthy female rats in which ...
Shen Y - - 2008
Flos Magnoliae (FM, Chinese name: Xin-yi) is one of the most commonly used Chinese medicinal herbs. It has a long history of clinical use for managing rhinitis, sinusitis and headache. More than 20 different FM species have been used clinically, which makes species identification and evaluation of pharmacological effects of ...
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