Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1244
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Ghosh Nina - - 2011
Objective: Since evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of acute supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (SVT) in pregnancy are not available, our objective was to document published reports and immediate outcomes in this patient population. Data sources: A search of the literature was performed using Medline, Embase, CINAHL, American College of Physicians Journal Club, ...
Mdivani M - - 2011
Pregnancy gingivitis is developed in 30-75% of cases and it is a result of complicated hormonal and immunological changes in the organism. 100 pregnant women with various degree of severity of gingivitis have been observed. Acute generalized gingivitis, gingival edema with bleeding, hyperplasia, have been observed in all patients, while ...
Shahidi Shahla - - 2011
Pre-pregnancy care is considered as the services assessing and reducing the pregnancy risks through providing medical care and mental support. Therefore, a pre-pregnancy counseling protocol was prepared based on a series of guidelines. This study aimed to determine the effect of the protocol on pregnancy and labor indices. This was ...
O'Leary Joann - - 2011
In this article, we discuss the intuitive knowledge mothers have of their unborn baby. We propose a shift in focus from caregivers' merely providing information to first listening to pregnant mothers as they share their intuitive knowledge of their baby. This approach enables mothers and fathers or partners to know ...
Badawy Ahmed - - 2011
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women. The clinical manifestation of PCOS varies from a mild menstrual disorder to severe disturbance of reproductive and metabolic functions. Management of women with PCOS depends on the symptoms. These could be ovulatory dysfunction-related infertility, menstrual disorders, or androgen-related ...
Wahabi Hayfaa A - - 2011
Miscarriage is a common complication encountered during pregnancy. The role of progesterone in preparing the uterus for the implantation of the embryo and its role in maintaining the pregnancy have been known for a long time. Inadequate secretion of progesterone in early pregnancy has been linked to the aetiology of ...
McGready R R Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Tak, Thailand. - - 2011
Pregnant women are at increased risk from malaria. Resistance to all classes of antimalarials has affected the treatment and prevention of malaria in pregnancy. To review the therapeutic efficacy of antimalarials used for treatment and intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) in pregnancy. We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library between January ...
Tydén Tanja - - 2010
Objective. Health status and lifestyle before and at the time of conception could affect the health of both mother and child, but there is a lack of knowledge about the degree to which pregnancies are planned. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether and how women plan ...
Kirk Emma - - 2010
Objective. To identify variables that can be used to select women with an ectopic pregnancy for expectant or medical management with systemic methotrexate. Design. Cohort study. Setting. Early Pregnancy Unit of a London teaching hospital. Population. Women with a tubal ectopic pregnancy managed non-surgically. Methods. The diagnosis of tubal ectopic ...
Ahmed Ar - - 2010
Background  Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a potentially fatal autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of in vivo deposition of antibodies against cell surface antigens desmoglein 1 and desmoglein 2 in the epidermis. Objectives  To report the treatment outcomes in pregnant PV patients treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy. Methods  Eight ...
Bedaiwy Mohamed A - - 2011
To determine whether gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog cotreatment with chemotherapy provides better reproductive outcomes for women at risk of premature ovarian failure (POF) as a side-effect of gonadotoxic chemotherapy. Systematic review and meta-analysis. University-affiliated research centers. None. Electronic and manual searches (e.g., MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL) up to January 2010 were ...
Julsgaard Mette - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: Adherence to medical treatment among women with ulcerative colitis (UC) prior to and during pregnancy has never been investigated. The aim was to examine predictors for and prevalence rates of nonadherence to maintenance treatment among women with UC prior to and during pregnancy. METHODS:: We identified 115 women with ...
Al-Azemi Majedah - - 2011
BACKGROUND Many hormone and ultrasound measurements have been assessed as possible markers of ovarian reserve and to identify potential poor responders to ovulation induction. The objective of this study is to determine whether multiple biomarkers measured in blood samples collected immediately before commencement of ovulation induction for IVF can predict ...
Nygaard Ingerid Helene Herstad - - 2011
Objective. To compare the impact of 5 IU (international units) of oxytocin administered during surgical termination of first-trimester pregnancy compared to no oxytocin, on postoperative bleeding, pain and nausea. Design. A randomized controlled single-blinded study. Setting. A Norwegian community hospital with 1,064 consecutive legal abortions in the 20 months of ...
Smith Charnetta - - 2010
We present the case of a patient with a history of hemorrhage following prior surgery whose pregnancy was complicated by plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 deficiency. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a pregnancy complicated by plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) deficiency.
Tincani Angela - - 2010
Pregnancy represents a physiologic condition where maternal immune system tolerates the semi-allogenic fetus. The fetal tissues are directly exposed to the maternal blood with potential attacks from maternal immune system, including the activation of complement cascade. Small amounts, of both early and late components, of complement are physiologically found in ...
Ostensen Monika - - 2011
Despite evidence for the important role of oestrogens in the aetiology and pathophysiology of chronic immune/inflammatory diseases, the previous view of an unequivocal beneficial effect of oestrogens on RA compared with a detrimental effect on SLE has to be reconsidered. Likewise, the long-held belief that RA remits in the majority ...
Heesch Cheryl M CM Department of Biomedical Sciences & Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2011
Through both genomic and nongenomic actions, ovarian hormones and their metabolites have significant effects on the central nervous system to modulate a variety of regulatory systems, including the cardiovascular system. The major metabolite of progesterone, 3α-hydroxy-dihydroprogesterone, is the most potent endogenous positive modulator of GABA(A) receptors known and central nervous ...
Wang Zhongping - - 2010
Valproate (VPA) has been used for decades in the treatment of epilepsy and migraine. However, maternal administration of VPA during pregnancy increases susceptibility to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in the offspring. The aim of this study was to investigate the methylation modification and its effects on the activity of Wnt/β-catenin ...
Bertolotto Alessandra - - 2010
We designed this study to assess the potential effects of physical activity and dietary habits on glucose tolerance during pregnancy. This is an observational study involving 268 women who underwent a 50-g oral glucose challenge test (GCT) at 27±6.9 week of gestation. Plasma glucose level at 1-h GCT ≥ 140 ...
Vladutiu Catherine J - - 2010
Although physical activity can provide health benefits to pregnant women, population-based research on the circumstances surrounding injuries from physical activity during pregnancy is lacking. Physical activity and subsequent injuries among a cohort of 1469 pregnant women in North Carolina were examined prospectively from the third phase of the Pregnancy, Infection, ...
Csuka Dorottya - - 2010
Preeclampsia is a severe complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and proteinuria developing after midgestation. Previous studies have shown increased complement activation in normal and preeclamptic pregnancies. We aimed to investigate the role of the mannose-binding lectin pathway in the initiation of pathological complement activation observed in patients with preeclampsia. ...
Furukawa Seishi - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the impact of the clinical presentation on perinatal outcome in placental abruption. A retrospective study was performed in 97 placental abruptions. Placental abruptions were classified according to clinical presentation: pregnancy-induced hypertension (HT, n = 22), threatened premature labor and/or premature rupture of ...
Walker Alysa A - - 2011
Pregnancy results in increased CYP3A- and CYP2D6-mediated clearance but decreases the clearance of CYP1A2 probe drugs. The aim of this study was to determine whether the decreased CYP1A2 activity during human pregnancy could be explained by decreased expression of CYP1A2 protein and mRNA using the rat as a model. Potential ...
Liu Ji-Hong - - 2010
To examine the relationship between physical activity during pregnancy and fasting plasma insulin measured in the second trimester. We conducted a pilot prospective cohort study of 69 overweight or obese women who were enrolled before 20 weeks of gestation at an obstetric clinic in Columbia, South Carolina in 2006-2007. At ...
Roy Sudhir C - - 2010
In ruminants, the phenomenon of endometrial tissue remodeling during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy is not fully understood. In this report, the occurrence of tissue remodeling, if any, in buffalo endometrium was studied by detecting gelatinases, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs); the key regulators of ...
Tobias Deirdre K - - 2011
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy and is associated with a substantially elevated risk of adverse health outcomes for both mothers and offspring. Physical activity may contribute to the prevention of GDM and thus is crucial for dissecting the vicious circle involving GDM, ...
Gürsoy Mervi - - 2010
Pregnancy induces or enhances susceptibility to gingivitis; however, the presence and role of neutrophilic enzymes in pregnancy-related gingivitis are not well known. The present study demonstrates the relationship between neutrophilic enzymes in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and periodontal status during pregnancy and postpartum. At baseline, 30 periodontally healthy pregnant women ...
Martin Chantel L - - 2010
Hypertensive complications during pregnancy occur in nearly 8 percent of pregnancies and account for 15 percent of all maternal mortalities in the United States. The purpose of this study was to investigate further the association between physical activity and hypertensive complications during pregnancy using data from a population-based surveillance system. ...
Cioffi Jane - - 2010
Evidence shows that physical activity during and after pregnancy results in health gains for women. There is no clear understanding apparent in the literature of women's experiences with physical activity during their pregnancy. The aim of this study was to describe women's perceptions and participation in physical activity during pregnancy ...
Rinta S - - 2010
We examined whether the modulatory effect of pregnancy on multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with changes in the apoptotic molecules in sera. The serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (sTRAIL), sFas, Fas ligand (sFasL) and macrophage migration inhibitory factor were analyzed from 19 MS patients and 14 controls ...
Bauer Patricia W - - 2010
Physical activity (PA) is an important component of a healthy pregnancy and postpartum period. Since prospective PA monitoring throughout gestation is difficult, a valid PA recall tool would be of significant benefit to researchers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of women to recall their physical ...
Buduneli N - - 2010
This study was conducted to evaluate a possible link between periodontal status of pregnant women and the plasminogen activator system in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). GCF samples were obtained from four interproximal sites of anterior teeth in 43 women during the second trimester and also after delivery. Full mouth dental ...
Giavini E - - 2010
Azole fungicides are widely used in agriculture and in human mycosis. Their antifungal activity is based on their ability to inhibit CYP51, a key enzyme in the formation of fungal wall. Several azole fungicides tested in laboratory animals have been found to possess a common teratogenic potential to induce facial, ...
Claessens Adam J - - 2010
Clonidine is a centrally acting, alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used for the treatment of hypertension during pregnancy. The metabolic pathways of clonidine are poorly understood, and the quantitative contribution of specific human cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms has not been systematically assessed. In this study, 17 cDNA-expressed P450 enzymes, in addition to ...
Haakstad Lene A H - - 2010
Most pregnancy-studies have relied on retrospective, cross-sectional surveys to measure physical activity level. Questionnaires are cost-effective, but validity of the data may be questionable. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate a physical activity and pregnancy questionnaire (PAPQ) with a portable activity monitor (ActiReg). DESIGN: Prospective comparison ...
Korsten-Reck U - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is an important component of a health pregnancy. Being physically active during pregnancy often creates uncertainty and leads to numerous questions: How much and which kind of sports is possible? In pregnant woman a lot of physiological changes are taking place in haemodynamics, in the respiratory ...
Brooks Virginia L - - 2010
The purpose of this review is to delineate the general features of endocrine regulation of the baroreceptor reflex, as well as specific contributions during pregnancy. In contrast to the programmed changes in baroreflex function that occur in situations initiated by central command (e.g., exercise or stress), the complex endocrine milieu ...
O'Sullivan Michael D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The possibility exists that the vehicle for 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate, castor oil, exerts an effect on human uterine contractility. The aim of this study was to evaluate its effects on contractility of myometrial preparations that were obtained during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Myometrial strips were suspended under isometric conditions. Contractility was ...
Sherwal Vinita - - 2010
Ever since ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) was recognized as a clinical entity, various treatment modalities have been tried to prevent its occurrence and reduce its severity. Many recent studies have evaluated the role of dopamine agonists in reducing the incidence of OHSS. To assess the effectiveness of dopamine agonist bromocriptine ...
Al-Gubory Kaïs H - - 2010
Placental oxidative stress has been suggested as a key factor in early pregnancy failure. Abnormal placental development limits success in pregnancies obtained by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Malondialdehyde (MDA) content, an index of oxidative stress, and superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activities were determined in ...
Rutges J P H J - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) regulate connective tissue architecture and cell migration through extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation and are associated with both physiological and pathological processes. Although they are known to play a role in skeletal development, little is known about the role of MMPs in intervertebral disc (IVD) development. Sixteen fetal ...
Gielchinsky Yuval - - 2010
Regenerative capacity is progressively lost with age. Here we show that pregnancy markedly improved liver regeneration in aged mice concomitantly with inducing a switch from proliferation-based liver regeneration to a regenerative process mediated by cell growth. We found that the key mediator of this switch was the Akt/mTORC1 pathway; its ...
Payakachat Nalin N Division of a Pharmaceutical Evaluation and Policy, Department of Pharmacy Practice. College of Pharmacy, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences . Little Rock, AR ( United States - - 2010
This study aimed to determine if nonprescription emergency contraception (EC) availability impacted self-reported unintended pregnancy rates and to assess women's knowledge and awareness of EC prior to and after nonprescription availability. A survey regarding contraception use and knowledge was verbally administered to a cross-sectional, convenience sample of 272 pregnant women ...
Derzsy Zolt?n - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to explore the role of the complement system in normal human pregnancy and preeclampsia in a comprehensive manner, measuring circulating levels of complement proteins, their activation fragments and regulatory factors, as well as those of C-reactive protein (CRP). Sixty preeclamptic patients, 60 healthy pregnant ...
Said Joanne M - - 2010
Protein S, protein C and antithrombin are important regulators of coagulation. While deficiencies of these proteins have been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes, testing for these deficiencies during pregnancy is limited by the use of non-pregnant reference ranges and a limited understanding of the changes that occur during pregnancy. Although ...
Szecsi Pal B - - 2010
Haemostatic reference intervals are generally based on samples from non-pregnant women. Thus, they may not be relevant to pregnant women, a problem that may hinder accurate diagnosis and treatment of haemostatic disorders during pregnancy. In this study, we establish gestational age-specific reference intervals for coagulation tests during normal pregnancy. Eight ...
Tobin V A VA Centre for Integrative Physiology, The College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9, - - 2010
Oxytocin neurone activation at birth depends upon noradrenaline-mediated signals from the uterus via a brainstem pathway, as well as on factors within the supraoptic nucleus (SON), including oxytocin itself, and the system adapts during pregnancy to optimise the delivery process. We determined whether noradrenaline release in the SON in response ...
Evenson Kelly R - - 2010
Accurate measurement of the components of physical activity during pregnancy can aid in our understanding of the dose response relationships between physical activity and corresponding perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a one-week recall questionnaire to assess moderate to vigorous physical activity during pregnancy. ...
Hegaard Hanne K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: National guidelines recommend that healthy pregnant women take 30 minutes or more of moderate exercise a day. Most women reduce the level of physical activity during pregnancy but only a few studies of women's experiences of physical activity during pregnancy exist. The aim of the present study was to ...
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