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Results 201 - 250 of 1226
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Heesch Cheryl M CM Department of Biomedical Sciences & Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2011
Through both genomic and nongenomic actions, ovarian hormones and their metabolites have significant effects on the central nervous system to modulate a variety of regulatory systems, including the cardiovascular system. The major metabolite of progesterone, 3α-hydroxy-dihydroprogesterone, is the most potent endogenous positive modulator of GABA(A) receptors known and central nervous ...
Wang Zhongping - - 2010
Valproate (VPA) has been used for decades in the treatment of epilepsy and migraine. However, maternal administration of VPA during pregnancy increases susceptibility to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in the offspring. The aim of this study was to investigate the methylation modification and its effects on the activity of Wnt/β-catenin ...
Bertolotto Alessandra - - 2010
We designed this study to assess the potential effects of physical activity and dietary habits on glucose tolerance during pregnancy. This is an observational study involving 268 women who underwent a 50-g oral glucose challenge test (GCT) at 27±6.9 week of gestation. Plasma glucose level at 1-h GCT ≥ 140 ...
Vladutiu Catherine J - - 2010
Although physical activity can provide health benefits to pregnant women, population-based research on the circumstances surrounding injuries from physical activity during pregnancy is lacking. Physical activity and subsequent injuries among a cohort of 1469 pregnant women in North Carolina were examined prospectively from the third phase of the Pregnancy, Infection, ...
Csuka Dorottya - - 2010
Preeclampsia is a severe complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and proteinuria developing after midgestation. Previous studies have shown increased complement activation in normal and preeclamptic pregnancies. We aimed to investigate the role of the mannose-binding lectin pathway in the initiation of pathological complement activation observed in patients with preeclampsia. ...
Furukawa Seishi - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the impact of the clinical presentation on perinatal outcome in placental abruption. A retrospective study was performed in 97 placental abruptions. Placental abruptions were classified according to clinical presentation: pregnancy-induced hypertension (HT, n = 22), threatened premature labor and/or premature rupture of ...
Walker Alysa A - - 2011
Pregnancy results in increased CYP3A- and CYP2D6-mediated clearance but decreases the clearance of CYP1A2 probe drugs. The aim of this study was to determine whether the decreased CYP1A2 activity during human pregnancy could be explained by decreased expression of CYP1A2 protein and mRNA using the rat as a model. Potential ...
Liu Ji-Hong - - 2010
To examine the relationship between physical activity during pregnancy and fasting plasma insulin measured in the second trimester. We conducted a pilot prospective cohort study of 69 overweight or obese women who were enrolled before 20 weeks of gestation at an obstetric clinic in Columbia, South Carolina in 2006-2007. At ...
Roy Sudhir C - - 2010
In ruminants, the phenomenon of endometrial tissue remodeling during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy is not fully understood. In this report, the occurrence of tissue remodeling, if any, in buffalo endometrium was studied by detecting gelatinases, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs); the key regulators of ...
Tobias Deirdre K - - 2011
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy and is associated with a substantially elevated risk of adverse health outcomes for both mothers and offspring. Physical activity may contribute to the prevention of GDM and thus is crucial for dissecting the vicious circle involving GDM, ...
Gürsoy Mervi - - 2010
Pregnancy induces or enhances susceptibility to gingivitis; however, the presence and role of neutrophilic enzymes in pregnancy-related gingivitis are not well known. The present study demonstrates the relationship between neutrophilic enzymes in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and periodontal status during pregnancy and postpartum. At baseline, 30 periodontally healthy pregnant women ...
Martin Chantel L - - 2010
Hypertensive complications during pregnancy occur in nearly 8 percent of pregnancies and account for 15 percent of all maternal mortalities in the United States. The purpose of this study was to investigate further the association between physical activity and hypertensive complications during pregnancy using data from a population-based surveillance system. ...
Cioffi Jane - - 2010
Evidence shows that physical activity during and after pregnancy results in health gains for women. There is no clear understanding apparent in the literature of women's experiences with physical activity during their pregnancy. The aim of this study was to describe women's perceptions and participation in physical activity during pregnancy ...
Rinta S - - 2010
We examined whether the modulatory effect of pregnancy on multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with changes in the apoptotic molecules in sera. The serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (sTRAIL), sFas, Fas ligand (sFasL) and macrophage migration inhibitory factor were analyzed from 19 MS patients and 14 controls ...
Bauer Patricia W - - 2010
Physical activity (PA) is an important component of a healthy pregnancy and postpartum period. Since prospective PA monitoring throughout gestation is difficult, a valid PA recall tool would be of significant benefit to researchers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of women to recall their physical ...
Buduneli N - - 2010
This study was conducted to evaluate a possible link between periodontal status of pregnant women and the plasminogen activator system in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). GCF samples were obtained from four interproximal sites of anterior teeth in 43 women during the second trimester and also after delivery. Full mouth dental ...
Giavini E - - 2010
Azole fungicides are widely used in agriculture and in human mycosis. Their antifungal activity is based on their ability to inhibit CYP51, a key enzyme in the formation of fungal wall. Several azole fungicides tested in laboratory animals have been found to possess a common teratogenic potential to induce facial, ...
Claessens Adam J - - 2010
Clonidine is a centrally acting, alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used for the treatment of hypertension during pregnancy. The metabolic pathways of clonidine are poorly understood, and the quantitative contribution of specific human cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms has not been systematically assessed. In this study, 17 cDNA-expressed P450 enzymes, in addition to ...
Haakstad Lene A H - - 2010
Most pregnancy-studies have relied on retrospective, cross-sectional surveys to measure physical activity level. Questionnaires are cost-effective, but validity of the data may be questionable. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate a physical activity and pregnancy questionnaire (PAPQ) with a portable activity monitor (ActiReg). DESIGN: Prospective comparison ...
Korsten-Reck U - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is an important component of a health pregnancy. Being physically active during pregnancy often creates uncertainty and leads to numerous questions: How much and which kind of sports is possible? In pregnant woman a lot of physiological changes are taking place in haemodynamics, in the respiratory ...
Brooks Virginia L - - 2010
The purpose of this review is to delineate the general features of endocrine regulation of the baroreceptor reflex, as well as specific contributions during pregnancy. In contrast to the programmed changes in baroreflex function that occur in situations initiated by central command (e.g., exercise or stress), the complex endocrine milieu ...
O'Sullivan Michael D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The possibility exists that the vehicle for 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate, castor oil, exerts an effect on human uterine contractility. The aim of this study was to evaluate its effects on contractility of myometrial preparations that were obtained during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Myometrial strips were suspended under isometric conditions. Contractility was ...
Sherwal Vinita - - 2010
Ever since ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) was recognized as a clinical entity, various treatment modalities have been tried to prevent its occurrence and reduce its severity. Many recent studies have evaluated the role of dopamine agonists in reducing the incidence of OHSS. To assess the effectiveness of dopamine agonist bromocriptine ...
Al-Gubory Kaïs H - - 2010
Placental oxidative stress has been suggested as a key factor in early pregnancy failure. Abnormal placental development limits success in pregnancies obtained by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Malondialdehyde (MDA) content, an index of oxidative stress, and superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activities were determined in ...
Rutges J P H J - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) regulate connective tissue architecture and cell migration through extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation and are associated with both physiological and pathological processes. Although they are known to play a role in skeletal development, little is known about the role of MMPs in intervertebral disc (IVD) development. Sixteen fetal ...
Gielchinsky Yuval - - 2010
Regenerative capacity is progressively lost with age. Here we show that pregnancy markedly improved liver regeneration in aged mice concomitantly with inducing a switch from proliferation-based liver regeneration to a regenerative process mediated by cell growth. We found that the key mediator of this switch was the Akt/mTORC1 pathway; its ...
Derzsy Zolt?n - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to explore the role of the complement system in normal human pregnancy and preeclampsia in a comprehensive manner, measuring circulating levels of complement proteins, their activation fragments and regulatory factors, as well as those of C-reactive protein (CRP). Sixty preeclamptic patients, 60 healthy pregnant ...
Said Joanne M - - 2010
Protein S, protein C and antithrombin are important regulators of coagulation. While deficiencies of these proteins have been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes, testing for these deficiencies during pregnancy is limited by the use of non-pregnant reference ranges and a limited understanding of the changes that occur during pregnancy. Although ...
Szecsi Pal B - - 2010
Haemostatic reference intervals are generally based on samples from non-pregnant women. Thus, they may not be relevant to pregnant women, a problem that may hinder accurate diagnosis and treatment of haemostatic disorders during pregnancy. In this study, we establish gestational age-specific reference intervals for coagulation tests during normal pregnancy. Eight ...
Tobin V A VA Centre for Integrative Physiology, The College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9, - - 2010
Oxytocin neurone activation at birth depends upon noradrenaline-mediated signals from the uterus via a brainstem pathway, as well as on factors within the supraoptic nucleus (SON), including oxytocin itself, and the system adapts during pregnancy to optimise the delivery process. We determined whether noradrenaline release in the SON in response ...
Evenson Kelly R - - 2010
Accurate measurement of the components of physical activity during pregnancy can aid in our understanding of the dose response relationships between physical activity and corresponding perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a one-week recall questionnaire to assess moderate to vigorous physical activity during pregnancy. ...
Hegaard Hanne K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: National guidelines recommend that healthy pregnant women take 30 minutes or more of moderate exercise a day. Most women reduce the level of physical activity during pregnancy but only a few studies of women's experiences of physical activity during pregnancy exist. The aim of the present study was to ...
Ross Jason W - - 2010
Establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in the pig involves intricate communication between the developing conceptuses and the maternal endometrium. This process occurs during trophoblast elongation which is spaciotemporally associated with conceptus synthesis and release of IL1B concomitant with pregnancy-specific endometrial up-regulation of IL-1 receptors, providing the potential for activation of ...
Lain Samantha J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Research into the effects of common activities during pregnancy is sparse and often contradictory. To examine whether common activities are an acute trigger of pregnancy complications the prevalence of these activities are necessary to determine sample size estimates. The aim of this study is to ascertain the prevalence of ...
Bohács Anikó - - 2010
PROBLEM: Pregnancy-associated immunologic alterations may improve the course of asthma. Severe maternal asthma with an exacerbation impairs fetal growth. METHOD OF STUDY: Lymphocyte activation was estimated by flow cytometry analysis of surface markers in non-pregnant healthy and mild or moderate persistent asthmatic women and healthy as well as mild or ...
Weir Zoe - - 2010
Whilst there has been increasing research interest in interventions which promote physical activity during pregnancy few studies have yielded detailed insights into the views and experiences of overweight and obese pregnant women themselves. The qualitative study described in this paper aimed to: (i) explore the views and experiences of overweight ...
Polyzos Nikolaos P - - 2010
To examine whether treatment of periodontal disease with scaling and root planing during pregnancy is associated with a reduction in the preterm birth rate. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Cochrane Central Trials Registry, ISI Web of Science, Medline, and reference lists of relevant studies to July 2010; ...
Melzer Katarina - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the relation between recommended levels of physical activity during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted an observational study with energy expenditure, aerobic fitness, and sleeping heart rate measured in 44 healthy women in late pregnancy. Medical records were examined for pregnancy outcome. RESULTS: ...
Chung F S - - 2010
Changes in tissue P-glycoprotein (P-gp) activity during pregnancy could affect the pharmacokinetics and thus the efficacy and toxicity of many drugs. Therefore, using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, we tested whether gestational age affects tissue P-gp activity in the pregnant non-human primate, Macaca nemestrina. Mid-gestational (day 75 +/- 13, n= ...
Str?m Marin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between physical activity during pregnancy and postpartum depression (PPD) in a large, prospective cohort. METHOD: Exposure information from the Danish National Birth Cohort, a large, prospective cohort with information on more than 100,000 pregnancies (1996-2002), was linked to the Danish Psychiatric Central Register and the ...
Rizzo A - - 2009
Rosiglitazone is a drug used in human medicine for treating type II diabetes mellitus. It activates Peroxisome Proliferators-Activated Receptors gamma (PPAR-gamma), which regulate energetic metabolism. We aimed to evaluate the effects of rosiglitazone on bovine myometrial contractility in vitro. Myometrial strips were collected from uteri of cows in estrus, diestrus, ...
Steinborn Andrea - - 2010
Little information exists concerning the role of fetal regulatory T cells (Tregs) during intrauterine development. We examined whether complications such as reduced birth weight or the occurrence of preterm labor were associated with deficiencies in the number or in the immunosuppressive activity of Tregs in the fetal circulation. Their total ...
Connor Kristin L - - 2009
Periconceptional undernutrition (UN) in sheep accelerates fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation, resulting in preterm birth. In contrast, twin conception suppresses fetal HPA function and delays prepartum HPA activation. We hypothesized that these dissimilar effects on fetal HPA activity result from different influences of maternal glucocorticoid (GC) on maturation of the ...
Abdelouahab Nadia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Environmental prenatal exposure to potentially neurotoxic metals poses a particular challenge with regard to the study of early toxic effects. Monoamine oxidase activity, shown to be influenced by metals in experimental studies, could be a useful biomarker in humans. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between blood metal concentrations at ...
DiPietro Janet A - - 2009
The contemporaneous association between maternal salivary cortisol and fetal motor activity was examined at 32 and 36 weeks gestation. Higher maternal cortisol was positively associated with the amplitude of fetal motor activity at 32 weeks, r(48) = .39, p < .01, and 36 weeks, r(77) = .27, p < .05, ...
Jensen Ellen C - - 2009
The efferent mechanisms mediating the well-known diurnal cardiovascular rhythms in the late-gestation fetus are only partially understood. In the present study, we evaluated the contribution of the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems (SNS) to these rhythms. Chronically instrumented fetal sheep at a mean (SE) of 122 (1) days gestation (term ...
Harizopoulou Vicentia C - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess whether the levels of physical activity before and during early pregnancy are associated with the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The study group included 160 puerperas. Among them, 40 (25%) diagnosed as having GDM during their recent pregnancy, whereas the remaining ...
Horv??th E M - - 2009
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Increased oxidative-nitrosative stress, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activation and subsequent cellular damage play important roles in the complications of both diabetes mellitus and pregnancy. Our aim was to investigate nitrative stress and PARP activity levels during normal and gestational diabetic (GDM) pregnancy in both maternal and fetal tissues. METHODS: Blood ...
Thaxton Jessica E - - 2009
Pregnancy outcome is severely compromised by intrauterine infections and inflammation. Although the pregnant uterine microenvironment is replete with innate immune cells and TLR expression, the mechanisms that facilitate adverse effects of their activation are largely unknown. In this study, we mimic the activation of TLR9 with its pathogenic ligand hypomethylated ...
Melzer K - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To measure resting metabolic rate (RMR), activity energy expenditure (AEE), total energy expenditure (TEE) and physical activity pattern, that is, duration and intensity (in metabolic equivalents, METs) of activities performed in late pregnancy compared with postpartum in healthy, well-nourished women living in Switzerland. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Weight, height, RMR, AEE, TEE ...
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