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Results 151 - 200 of 1235
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Duke Janine - - 2012
Limited data are available to assess the long-term effects of burns to the trunk sustained during early childhood on subsequent pregnancies. This population-based retrospective longitudinal study uses linked Western Australia hospital morbidity and midwives' notification data for the period 1983-2008. During the study period, 824 girls younger than 15 years ...
Umehara Nagayoshi - - 2012
Objective. To investigate the incidence of various antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs), measured by commercial-based laboratory, with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) patients and the impact of the species, isotype, titer, and number of positive aPLs on reproductive outcome in Japanese. Method. In this retrospective cohort study, 263 patients with RSA without possible ...
Michel O - - 2012
This study compared adherence (persistence and execution) during pregnancy and postpartum in HIV-positive women having taken part in the adherence-enhancing program of the Community Pharmacy of the Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine in Lausanne between 2004 and 2012. This interdisciplinary program combined electronic drug monitoring and semi-structured, repeated ...
Ramathuba Dorah U - - 2012
Unplanned teenage pregnancy constitutes an important health problem, whilst contraceptive services are free throughout South Africa and the number of Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) services is increasing. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of secondary school girls towards contraception in Thulamela Municipality of ...
Steel Amie - - 2012
There is little known about women's concurrent use of conventional and complementary health care during pregnancy, particularly consultation patterns with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This study examines health service utilisation among pregnant women including consultations with obstetricians, midwives, general practitioners (GPs) and CAM practitioners. A sub-study of pregnant women ...
Mehta Ushma - - 2012
The absence of robust evidence of safety of medicines in pregnancy, particularly those for major diseases provided by public health programmes in developing countries, has resulted in cautious recommendations on their use. We describe a protocol for a Pregnancy Registry adapted to resource-limited settings aimed at providing evidence on the ...
Agrawal Nisha Rani NR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Uttar Pradesh, Varanasi 221005, - - 2012
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a potentially life-threatening complication, usually iatrogenic after ovulation induction. OHSS is a very rare event in spontaneously conceived pregnancies. Only few cases have been reported in literature to the best of our knowledge. We report a very rare case of spontaneous critical OHSS (according to ...
Smits Katrien - - 2011
The necessity for early interaction between the embryo and the oviductal and/or uterine environment in the horse is reflected by several striking differences between equine embryos that develop in vivo and those produced in vitro. Better understanding of the salient interactions may help to improve the efficiency of in vitro ...
Klein C - - 2011
Maternal recognition of pregnancy in the horse is the sum of events leading to maintenance of pregnancy; in a narrow sense, maternal recognition of pregnancy refers to the physiological process by which the lifespan of the corpus luteum is prolonged. The horse is one of the few domestic species in ...
Files Julia A - - 2011
The purpose of this article is 2-fold: to emphasize the importance of a reproductive life plan and to define its key elements. We review the 2006 recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) regarding ways to improve the delivery of preconception health care to women in the ...
Hegaard Hanne Kristine - - 2011
To describe patterns of leisure time physical activity during pregnancy in relation to pre-pregnancy leisure time physical activity, socio-demographic characteristics, fertility history, and lifestyle factors. 4,718 nulliparous with singleton pregnancy and intended spontaneous vaginal delivery were included in the study at gestational week 33 from May 2004 to July 2005. ...
Hampson Brian A - - 2011
Objective-To investigate the density of the primary epidermal lamellae (PEL) around the solar circumference of the forefeet of near-term fetal feral and nonferal (ie, domesticated) horses. Sample-Left forefeet from near-term Australian feral (n = 14) and domesticated (4) horse fetuses. Procedures-Near-term feral horse fetuses were obtained from culled mares within ...
Malata Address - - 2011
Childbirth information received by mothers during antenatal period influences their satisfaction with the care during perinatal period. It is important for the midwives to know the type of information that satisfies their clients. This study found that the childbirth information that mothers received during antenatal period did not satisfy them. ...
Kumar Rohit - - 2011
Objective. The objective of this clinical review is to highlight the otolaryngological symptoms that occur in pregnancy. Where available, the authors discuss the current evidence of the etiology and management of the various presentations. While it is appreciated that many of these complaints are transient, their impact on the maternal ...
Donckers Janneke - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of fertility work-up, treatment, and dropout in a cohort of subfertile couples in a well-defined area in Western Europe. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Maastricht University Medical Center. PATIENT(S): Subfertile couples referred by their general physician between 2001 and 2003. INTERVENTION(S): Demographic data, findings of ...
Hammond Rebecca - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: A case report is presented of a 23-year-old patient who was diagnosed with Ehlers Danlos syndrome (EDS) Type IV (vascular type) in the 23rd week of her second pregnancy. EDS Type IV has one of the highest mortality rates for pregnant women of any condition with significant morbidity if ...
van den Boogaard N M - - 2011
INTRODUCTION Prediction models for spontaneous pregnancy are useful tools to prevent overtreatment, complications and costs in subfertile couples with a good prognosis. The use of such models and subsequent expectant management in couples with a good prognosis are recommended in the Dutch fertility guidelines, but not fully implemented. In this ...
Colazo M G - - 2011
Our objectives were to: 1) compare response to cloprostenol, synchrony of ovulation, and pregnancy per timed-AI (P/TAI) in a 5 d versus a 7 d Co-synch + PRID protocol (Experiment 1); and 2) investigate whether the initial GnRH is necessary to achieve acceptable P/TAI in a 5 d Co-synch + ...
Lazard Alexandre - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To present two cases of interstitial pregnancy treated successfully by use of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS). DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Department of obstetrics and gynecology at a tertiary health care facility. PATIENT(S): Two women with interstitial pregnancy requiring surgical treatment. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopy by use of LESS with the single-incision ...
Birkenmaier Ariane - - 2011
PURPOSE: We evaluated the performance of the placental alpha-microglobulin-1 immunoassay (AmniSure(®), AT) in cervicovaginal secretions in patients with uncertain rupture of membranes (ROM) and investigated the influence of the examiners experience. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed in pregnant women (17-42 weeks of gestation) with signs of possible ROM. Evaluation ...
Pasqualotto Fabio F - - 2011
Purpose: There are many studies in the literature suggesting an acquired, apparently progressive infertility due to varicocele. In fact, varicocelectomy has become the most commonly performed male infertility surgery. Assisted reproductive technologies such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are also important for couples with male factor infertility associated with varicocele. ...
Smith Nicole A - - 2011
Pregnancy can be a time of significantly increased morbidity and mortality in women with hematologic disease. With careful planning and preparation, most women can be cared for safely, resulting in a healthy mother and child. Management concerns in each trimester are reviewed, with a particular focus on labor and delivery ...
Kanca H - - 2011
Aim of this study was to determine the intrauterine activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and -9 after cessation of the local effect of progesterone. For this purpose, pregnancy was terminated in 10 bitches at mid-gestation with the progesterone receptor antagonist aglepristone (10 mg/kg body weight, sc, Alizine(®) ; Virbac, France) at ...
Foumane P - - 2011
In the sub-Saharan African setting, laparotomy for salpingectomy is the common method of treatment for ectopic pregnancy (EP). The objective of this retrospective study was to find out how common EP is treated conservatively in the Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Paediatric Hospital, Cameroon. Of the 281 patient files analysed, 126 patients ...
Leushuis Esther - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the capacity of the postcoital test (PCT) to predict spontaneous pregnancy in a large cohort study of subfertile couples. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Department of reproductive medicine of 38 hospitals in the Netherlands. PATIENT(S): Between January 2002 and February 2004, we prospectively included consecutive subfertile couples who ...
Siow Anthony - - 2011
The objectives of this retrospective case series were to report our experience with laparoscopic management of recurrent cornual ectopic pregnancy in a tertiary care center and to present a review of the literature. Four patients experienced recurrent cornual ectopic pregnancy, and 1 patient had 2 consecutive recurrences. Laparoscopic surgery was ...
Yang Hongling - - 2011
Objective. To assess the features of the platelets (PLTs) of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and to determine whether they have a predictive value for the disorders during the preclinical stage. Methods. This study included 461 HDPs and 827 normal pregnancies. Platelet counts were compared between the two groups by an independent ...
Fernandez Hervé - - 2011
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to describe the surgical approach to, and evaluate the reproductive outcome of, a T-shaped uterus. METHODS The study included 97 women who were eligible for hysteroscopic surgery, by either monopolar or bipolar electrosurgical instruments. All had diagnostic hysteroscopy 2 months afterwards to assess ...
Daraï Emile - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the surgical route of colorectal resection for endometriosis is a determinant factor for fertility. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary-care university hospital. PATIENT(S): Fifty-two patients with endometriosis were randomly assigned to laparoscopic or open surgery. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopically assisted vs. open colorectal resection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Evaluation of ...
McCallum Laura A - - 2011
Premature birth accounts for approximately 75% of neonatal mortality and morbidity in the developed world. Despite this, methods for identifying and treating women at risk of preterm labour are limited and many women still present in preterm labour requiring tocolytic therapy to suppress uterine contractility. The aim of this study ...
Fejzo Marlena S - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to describe the recurrence risk for hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). Women who registered on a Web site sponsored by the Hyperemesis Education and Research Foundation as having had one HG-complicated pregnancy were contacted to follow-up on a subsequent pregnancy. Participants completed an online survey. One ...
Kirchner T - - 2011
BACKGROUND At a psychological level, having to undergo IVF in order to be a mother may be appraised differently by women who start this treatment. These different forms of assessment can affect the pregnancy rates. The objective of this study was to determine whether psychological variables such as primary appraisal ...
Mosby Laura G - - 2011
To summarize the literature regarding 2009 H1N1 influenza A during pregnancy, we conducted a systematic literature review using a PubMed search and other strategies. Studies were included if they reported 2009 H1N1 influenza in pregnant women as original data. In all, 2153 abstracts were reviewed, and a total of 120 ...
Deffieux Xavier - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate various techniques for restoring tubal patency after sterilisation. METHODS: A search strategy was designed, and for each subject either thesaurus terms (MeSH descriptors) or terms from the title or summary were used. RESULTS: Mean length of hospital stay following laparoscopy seems to be shorter in comparison with ...
Kersting Anette - - 2011
The loss of a child during pregnancy results in significant psychological stress for many women, and may lead to long-lasting grief and psychological illnesses. However, only a small percentage of those affected seek or receive traditional forms of psychological treatment, and therefore novel treatment approaches and methods are required. This ...
Sani R Narenji - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate five methods for the resynchronization of estrus in lactating dairy cows. One hundred and seventy-three Holstein cows were assigned at random to five treatments: Ovsynch-24, IPD+Ovsynch-24, Ovsynch-31, Heatsynch, and IPD+Heatsynch. The start of the resynchronization protocols, and all subsequent procedures, was timed ...
Hancock Dana B - - 2011
Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) are often used soon before, and sometimes during, pregnancy. A few studies have suggested that OCP use before pregnancy may increase risks for childhood respiratory outcomes, but data are inconclusive. No studies have analyzed the two types of OCPs, estrogen-progestin combined pills and progestin-only pills, separately. ...
Iwase Akira - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a patient with factor V deficiency who achieved pregnancy with the planned transfusion of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) while monitoring follicle development and ovulation induction using gonadotropin. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 28-year-old nulliparous female. INTERVENTION(S): Medical management including infertility treatment. ...
McCappin N - - 2011
The fertility of 646 ewes and gimmers bred by laparoscopic artificial insemination (LAI) in the autumn of 2006 was investigated using a questionnaire and individual ewe breeding records kept for 13 commercial sheep flocks that used LAI routinely. Overall, the pregnancy rate was 66 per cent, but it was highest ...
Lipscombe Lorraine L - - 2011
Objectives. Women with pregestational diabetes are advised to plan their pregnancies to optimize glycemia and reduce fetal complications. We evaluated the adequacy of pregnancy planning effort and medical planning in pregnant women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Methods. This retrospective cohort study surveyed pregnant women with pregestational diabetes mellitus between ...
Fouda Usama M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) plus low-dose aspirin (LDA) is comparable in efficacy and safety to unfractionated heparin (UFH) plus LDA in the management of pregnant women with a history of recurrent spontaneous abortion secondary to antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS: In a randomized prospective study, 60 ...
Ghosh Nina - - 2011
Objective: Since evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of acute supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (SVT) in pregnancy are not available, our objective was to document published reports and immediate outcomes in this patient population. Data sources: A search of the literature was performed using Medline, Embase, CINAHL, American College of Physicians Journal Club, ...
Mdivani M - - 2011
Pregnancy gingivitis is developed in 30-75% of cases and it is a result of complicated hormonal and immunological changes in the organism. 100 pregnant women with various degree of severity of gingivitis have been observed. Acute generalized gingivitis, gingival edema with bleeding, hyperplasia, have been observed in all patients, while ...
Shahidi Shahla - - 2011
Pre-pregnancy care is considered as the services assessing and reducing the pregnancy risks through providing medical care and mental support. Therefore, a pre-pregnancy counseling protocol was prepared based on a series of guidelines. This study aimed to determine the effect of the protocol on pregnancy and labor indices. This was ...
O'Leary Joann - - 2011
In this article, we discuss the intuitive knowledge mothers have of their unborn baby. We propose a shift in focus from caregivers' merely providing information to first listening to pregnant mothers as they share their intuitive knowledge of their baby. This approach enables mothers and fathers or partners to know ...
Badawy Ahmed - - 2011
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women. The clinical manifestation of PCOS varies from a mild menstrual disorder to severe disturbance of reproductive and metabolic functions. Management of women with PCOS depends on the symptoms. These could be ovulatory dysfunction-related infertility, menstrual disorders, or androgen-related ...
Wahabi Hayfaa A - - 2011
Miscarriage is a common complication encountered during pregnancy. The role of progesterone in preparing the uterus for the implantation of the embryo and its role in maintaining the pregnancy have been known for a long time. Inadequate secretion of progesterone in early pregnancy has been linked to the aetiology of ...
McGready R R Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Tak, Thailand. - - 2011
Pregnant women are at increased risk from malaria. Resistance to all classes of antimalarials has affected the treatment and prevention of malaria in pregnancy. To review the therapeutic efficacy of antimalarials used for treatment and intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) in pregnancy. We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library between January ...
Tydén Tanja - - 2010
Objective. Health status and lifestyle before and at the time of conception could affect the health of both mother and child, but there is a lack of knowledge about the degree to which pregnancies are planned. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether and how women plan ...
Kirk Emma - - 2010
Objective. To identify variables that can be used to select women with an ectopic pregnancy for expectant or medical management with systemic methotrexate. Design. Cohort study. Setting. Early Pregnancy Unit of a London teaching hospital. Population. Women with a tubal ectopic pregnancy managed non-surgically. Methods. The diagnosis of tubal ectopic ...
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