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Strong Noel K - - 2013
Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) is the most common cause of severe thrombocytopenia in the healthy newborn, occurring in 1 in 1000 live births. NAIT is analogous to rhesus alloimmunization in pathophysiology; however, it often presents unexpectedly in first pregnancies. Presentation of NAIT varies from mild thrombocytopenia to life-threatening intracranial hemorrhage. ...
Katopodis Christina - - 2013
Background: Uterine incarceration occurs when the gravid uterus remains trapped within the sacral hollow and cannot ascend out of the pelvis as it enlarges. Predisposing factors include uterine fibroids. Optimal management of uterine incarceration involves manual reduction of the uterus because of the significant maternal and fetal risks associated with ...
Graner Sophie - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Women's understanding of pregnancy and antenatal care is influenced by their cultural context. In low income settings women may have limited influence over their reproductive health including when to seek health care. Awareness of signs of pregnancy complications is essential for timely care. The use of antenatal care services ...
Lennox Genevieve - - 2013
Background: Pregnancy in a rudimentary uterine horn is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy with a high risk of rupture. Management usually involves excision of the rudimentary horn. If diagnosed after the first trimester, it has been managed in the past by laparotomy. Case: A primigravid woman was found on ...
Llewelyn Cerian - - 2013
Hypercoagulability is a well documented feature of pregnancy and contributes to the increased incidences of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy. Thromboembolism remains a leading cause of maternal death in the UK, though it's predicted that up to two thirds of these deaths could be prevented if appropriate thrombophylaxsis is adopted. ...
Fredriksen Eva Haukeland - - 2013
Women increasingly combine paid work and childbearing, but working full time throughout pregnancy is commonly experienced as overtaxing. We explored access to sick leave or medical care as experienced by Norwegian women suffering from pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy. Through a grounded theory approach we compared results from qualitative interviews ...
Akaba G O - - 2013
Objective: To determine the knowledge and utilization of malaria preventive measures as well as barriers to the utilization of these measures by pregnant women. Materials and Methods: The study was a prospective cross-sectional survey involving pregnant women at the booking clinic of the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital between May ...
Tarannum Fouzia - - 2013
In the recent decades, periodontal disease has been identified as a risk factor for pre-term deliveries. Hence, it is important to evaluate the awareness of health-care providers of the association between periodontal diseases and pre-term birth. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to random samples representing general medical practitioners (GMPs), general ...
Adabi Khadijeh - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Cervical ectopic pregnancy is among the rarest clinical conditions happening in women of reproductive age. Yet its management can cause a high rate of morbidity. Therefore, conservative treatment of this condition is a matter of debate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hereby we present two cases of cervical ectopic pregnancies that ...
Pagidas Kelly - - 2013
Primary ovarian pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic gestation and one that is often diagnosed only at the time of surgery. We report the first case to our knowledge of a live primary ovarian pregnancy diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasonography and successfully treated with transvaginal-guided aspiration and injection of methotrexate. ...
Wennberg Anna Lena - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to describe women's experiences of dietary information and the change of dietary habits during pregnancy. DESIGN: a qualitative design was used. In 2007 we conducted six focus group interviews using open-ended questions. SETTINGS: five rural and city antenatal clinics in northern Sweden were included PARTICIPANTS: twenty-three women in mid-pregnancy ...
Khitamy Badawy A B - - 2013
A Muslim woman in her sixteenth week of pregnancy was informed that her ultrasound scan showed spina bifida, and laboratory results confirmed the diagnosis. The child would have various complications and, most probably, would need medical care for life. With the consent of her husband she decided to terminate the ...
Kurien Sophia S New Horizon Dental College & Hospital, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Chattisgarh, - - 2013
The purpose of this article is to update general dentists and maxillofacial surgeons in the perioperative management of the pregnant patient. Pregnancy results in physiologic changes in almost all organ systems in the body mediated mainly by hormones; which influences the treatment schedule. Understanding these normal changes is essential for ...
Phillips Frankie - - 2013
Obesity is placing a huge burden on healthcare resources and the wellbeing of individuals. The first article in this two part series (October 2012) reviewed the prevalence of obesity in pregnancy and the increased risks for pregnant women to their own and their babies' health. Management of obesity during pregnancy ...
Doctor Henry V - - 2013
Abstract:Maternal mortality in northern Nigeria is among the highest in the world. To understand better the pathways through which the socio-demographic environment affects awareness of obstetric danger signs (i.e., potential problems associated with pregnancy), preparations for delivery, and skilled birth attendance, we conducted a survey of 5,083 women with recent ...
Stinson Kathryn - - 2013
Initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy is critical to promote maternal health and prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT). The separation of services for antenatal care (ANC) and ART may hinder antenatal ART initiation. We evaluated ART initiation during pregnancy under different service delivery models in Cape Town, South Africa. ...
Madjunkova Svetlana - - 2013
Background. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) is the most common medical condition of pregnancy, affecting up to 85% of expecting mothers. In the USA, there is no FDA-approved medication for the treatment of NVP. Objective. To identify the primary concerns of American women leading them to contact the Motherisk ...
van Gelder Marleen M H J - - 2013
To optimise the health of pregnant women and their children by evidence-based primary and secondary prevention, more scientific knowledge is needed. To overcome the methodological limitations of many studies on pregnancy and child health, which often use a retrospective design, we established the PRIDE (PRegnancy and Infant DEvelopment) Study. The ...
Christiansen Charlotte Sigurdson - - 2013
This paper applies a life-course perspective to the problem of early pregnancy and pregnancy-related mortality and morbidity in adolescents in developing countries. It describes the contribution that two categories of "pregnancy-focused" programmes make-firstly, the provision of effective care and support in the antenatal, childbirth, and postnatal periods (downstream programmes), and ...
Smith Katie M - - 2013
Multiple guidelines and definitions of physical activity (PA) have been used to study the benefits of activity during pregnancy. The different guidelines lead to a wide range of prevalence estimates and this has led to conflicting reports about activity patterns during pregnancy. A longitudinal study was conducted to assess PA ...
Mahadik Kalpana V - - 2013
This article addresses issues related to pregnancy anaemia and late referral by a village birth attendant in resource poor setting in a central state of India. A young anaemic woman had labour onset at her village, a birth attendant tried to deliver her but failed. When she came to our ...
Palmsten Kristin - - 2013
In the absence of clinical trial data, large post-marketing observational studies are essential to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of medications during pregnancy. We identified a cohort of pregnancies ending in live birth within the 2000-2007 Medicaid Analytic eXtract (MAX). Herein, we provide a blueprint to guide investigators who wish ...
Ateka-Barrutia O - - 2013
Pregnancy poses an important challenge for doctors looking after women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Knowledge about safety of medications, the effect of pregnancy on such disease, and vice versa, together with multidisciplinary team care, are basic cornerstones needed to provide the best obstetric and medical care to these women. Pre-conceptional ...
Agarwal Kiran K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
The partogram has been heralded as one of the most important advances in modern obstetric care. However, some healthcare practitioners, especially in high-income countries, have questioned its effectiveness. The purpose of this study is to evaluate prospectively the use of a paperless partogram as a bedside tool in the management ...
Requejo Jennifer - - 2013
Pregnancy and childbirth represent a critical time period when a woman can be reached through a variety of mechanisms with interventions aimed at reducing her risk of a preterm birth and improving her health and the health of her unborn baby. These mechanisms include the range of services delivered during ...
Kennedy Deborah A DA The Motherisk Program, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, M5G 1X8 Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
The use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) is growing in the general population. Herbal medicines are used in all countries of the world and are included in the top CAM therapies used. A multinational study on how women treat disease and pregnancy-related health ailments was conducted between October 2011 ...
Heelan Lisa - - 2013
The dominant culture in labor and birth is the medical model, not the midwifery model of woman-centered care. Consensus among professional and governmental groups is that, based on the evidence, intermittent auscultation is safer to use in healthy women with uncomplicated pregnancies than electronic fetal monitoring (EFM). Barriers impact the ...
Grzeskowiak M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Emergencies can occur at any time during pregnancy. In addition to obstetricians and midwives, anesthesiologists should also be familiar with pregnancy-related emergencies. The aim of this study was to assess the basic and advanced knowledge regarding the management of pregnancy-related emergencies of anesthesiologists. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was distributed ...
Brighton Aimee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The maternal mortality ratio in Sub-Saharan Africa remains high, despite progress in reducing maternal mortality in other parts of the world. OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceptions of women and communities to identify barriers to the uptake of obstetric services. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic review of qualitative studies exploring perceptions ...
Crijns Ineke - - 2012
Objective: Three online surveys explored compliance with the PPP by pharmacists and dermatologists, in the Netherlands. In 2007 and 2011, two pharmacist surveys were conducted to assess improvement over time. Methods: In 2007, survey was sent to members of the Utrecht Pharmacy Panel for Education & Research (UPPER) network (n ...
Warland Jane - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: to gain a better understanding of women's baseline level of knowledge of stillbirth and determine whether giving written information during pregnancy results in improvement in knowledge about stillbirth. DESIGN: a pre-post intervention study. SETTING: women undergoing antenatal care at a small maternity hospital were asked, via questionnaire, about their ...
Nelson Anita L - - 2012
The incidence of pregnancies affected with neural tube defects (NTDs) has been reduced by food fortification programs and public health campaigns promoting folic acid supplementation, but the incidence of NTDs in the USA has not achieved the full potential reduction expected with adequate periconceptional folate utilization. In seeking new ways ...
Meguerdichian David - - 2012
Complications of late pregnancy are managed infrequently in the emergency department and, thus, can pose a challenge when the emergency physician encounters acute presentations. An expert understanding of the anatomic and physiologic changes and possible complications of late pregnancy is vital to ensure proper evaluation and care for both mother ...
Vimal M V - - 2012
A patient with microprolactinoma, who had two successful pregnancies, is described for management issues. First pregnancy was uneventful. During the second pregnancy, the tumor enlarged to macroprolactinoma with headache and blurring of vision which was managed successfully with bromocriptine. Post delivery, complete disappearance of the tumor was documented.
Mubeen Syed M - - 2012
Islam clearly exempts fasting in Ramadan during sickness, pregnancy, and breastfeeding. Yet, some women prefer to fast despite realizing their increase in nutritional demand during pregnancy. Nurses and other healthcare providers face a difficult task of providing appropriate medical advice to Muslim women regarding the safety and impact of their ...
Spong Catherine Y - - 2012
With more than one third of pregnancies in the United States being delivered by cesarean and the growing knowledge of morbidities associated with repeat cesarean deliveries, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, and the American College of Obstetricians and ...
Aggarwal A - - 2012
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is defined by acute heart failure in the late stages of pregnancy to a few months postpartum. Cardiogenic shock in PPCM, though rare, can be life-threatening, often requiring support with mechanical circulatory support devices. We present a case of 37-year-old Caucasian female who developed cardiogenic shock within ...
Selinger Christian P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Enabling women with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) to have successful pregnancies requires complex decisions. The study aimed to assess patients' views on IBD and pregnancy and to evaluate any association with subject knowledge. METHODS: General attitudes of females with IBD were assessed on fertility, medication use, delivery mode and ...
Ahmadi Firoozeh F Department of Reproductive Imaging, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, - - 2012
Cervical ectopic pregnancy (EP) is an infrequent, life-threatening form of ectopic gestation pregnancy that implants within the endocervical canal. With the increase in use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) worldwide and more liberal use of transvaginal sonography (TVS) during early pregnancy, more cases of cervical ectopic pregnancy are being diagnosed. ...
Vendittelli F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The publication of several sets of French guidelines was unfortunately not accompanied by planned assessment of their impact on practices. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of eight French perinatal guidelines on actual obstetric practices. METHODS: Historical cohort setting in France: the Audipog database of ...
Kavlak Oya - - 2012
This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted in order to determine the extent of internet use by pregnant women to gain information about their pregnancy. The research was conducted in two hospitals in Izmir, Turkey between August and October 2009, after written permission had been obtained. The research sample consisted ...
Luitjes Susanne H SH Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are one of the main causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. Internationally, several organizations have developed clinical guidelines to assist professionals and to supply patients with the best possible care. To improve the care for this group of patients, insight into the application of clinical guidelines ...
Gao Ling-Ling - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: to investigate whether and how Chinese pregnant women used the Internet to retrieve pregnancy-related information. DESIGN AND SETTING: a descriptive, cross-sectional design using a waiting-room questionnaire was employed to obtain information from Chinese pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic of a general hospital in Guangzhou, mainland China from September ...
Smith Sandra - - 2012
A number of ear, nose and throat symptoms are often associated with pregnancy, which although transient (most will disappear after birth), can have a significant impact on the woman's quality of life. It is essential therefore that midwives are aware of how such symptoms might present during pregnancy, in order ...
Barton John R - - 2012
Pregnancies complicated by severe sepsis and septic shock are associated with increased rates of preterm labor, fetal infection, and preterm delivery. Sepsis onset in pregnancy can be insidious, and patients may appear deceptively well before rapidly deteriorating with the development of septic shock, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, or death. The ...
Rao Kiran Prabhaker - - 2012
Placenta previa, placenta accreta, and vasa previa cause significant maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. With the increasing incidence of both cesarean delivery and pregnancies using assisted reproductive technology, these 3 conditions are becoming more common. Advances in grayscale and Doppler ultrasound have facilitated prenatal diagnosis of abnormal placentation to ...
Scutiero Gennaro - - 2012
Primary ovarian ectopic pregnancy, i.e., the implantation of the gestational sac in the ovary, is one of the rarest forms of ectopic pregnancy. Its incidence after natural conception ranges from 1 in 2000 to 1 in 60 000 deliveries and accounts for 3% of all ectopic pregnancies. The diagnosis is ...
van Mieghem Tim - - 2012
The implementation of systematic pregnancy screening programmes, and the increased use and improving quality of medical imaging techniques, have lead to earlier detection and better understanding of the natural history of fetal anomalies. Where most fetal conditions are adequately treatable after birth, some disorders progress during fetal life and can ...
Assaidi Anass - - 2012
Aortic coarctation is an unusual cause of hypertension during pregnancy and its management is not clarified. We report transcatheter balloon dilatation and stenting for native aortic coarctation in a 22-year-old pregnant woman with severe and uncontrolled systemic hypertension. Arterial blood pressure could be successfully controlled with medical treatment during the ...
Beall Stephanie A - - 2012
To examine the history of superovulation for ovulation induction, its contributions to reproductive medicine, and its impact on multiple births. A search of the relevant literature using PubMed and other online tools. Infertility has been a condition known and studied for thousands of years. However, it was not until this ...
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