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O'Keeffe Daniel F - - 2013
There is currently a lack of published data on ultrasound utilization in obstetrics in the United States. In order to get some meaningful information on this topic, we analyzed de-identified data obtained from large insurance providers and underwriters that covered large segment of the United States population in various geographic ...
Radoff Kari A - - 2013
To examine whether a radio-education intervention (REI) is associated with improved maternal knowledge of pregnancy danger signs (PDS) in Nicaragua. This cross-sectional pilot study used pretests and posttests to evaluate whether an REI was associated with improved knowledge of PDS among 77 pregnant and postpartum women in Nicaragua. The total ...
Farrar Diane D Maternal and Child Health, Bradford Teaching - - 2013
Being overweight or obese in pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of poor pregnancy outcomes and long-term ill health for both mother and infant. Midwives, obstetricians and healthcare support workers providing care in pregnancy are ideally placed to provide women with nutritional advice and to facilitate the acquisition of ...
Ezebialu Iu Iu Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Anambra State University Awka, - - 2013
Unintended pregnancy remains a major challenge to the reproductive health of women especially in the developing countries. It is a major reason for unsafe abortion, a major contributor to maternal mortality. This study was designed to assess the knowledge and practice of emergency contraception among female non-medical undergraduates. In this ...
Bert Fabrizio - - 2013
Our study aimed to estimate the prevalence of pregnancy e-health seekers in a large Italian sample; to explore the factors influencing the choices of the childbearing women regarding their lifestyles after internet consultation; and finally to investigate potential differences between primiparous and multiparous women in internet use to find information ...
Onyeneho Nkechi G - - 2013
To identify key socio-demographic and knowledge factors associated with compliance with recommended use of commodities for preventing malaria in pregnancy (MIP) in Enugu State, Nigeria. Cross-sectional study of 720 women who delivered within 6 months preceding the survey in three local government areas in Enugu State was conducted using a structured ...
Moldenhauer Julie S - - 2013
Following the promising multicenter randomized trial results of in utero fetal myelomeningocele (MMC) repair; we anticipate that an increasing number of tertiary care centers may want to offer this therapy. It is essential to establish minimum criteria for centers providing open fetal MMC repair in order to ensure optimal maternal ...
Thiele Pauline - - 2013
Three women speak of and analyse their abandonment by health care professionals in the past five years following their foetus' diagnosis of a genetic disorder during pregnancy. As educated women we were bewildered by our medical care, or lack thereof. Following prenatal diagnostics of trisomy 13 or 18 we chose ...
Nazik Evsen - - 2013
To determine the incidence of pregnancy-related physical symptoms in healthy pregnant women and their management strategies. In normal progression of pregnancy, many symptoms were experienced. Pregnancy-related physical symptoms may have a negative effect on pregnant women's quality of life. However, pregnant women avoid taking medications from the fear that the ...
Edling Kari L - - 2013
Objective: To describe an exceedingly rare case of parathyromatosis in pregnancy, and the limited medical treatment options available for such cases that are refractory to surgery.Methods: Case presentation and description of clinical course with brief review of the literature.Results: A 21-year old woman with a history of 3.5 gland parathyroidectomy ...
Avula Haritha - - 2013
Purpose: To conduct a questionnaire-based survey of pregnant women with particular reference to their knowledge, attitudes and practices in relation to oral care and adverse pregnancy outcomes and also to identify the various risk indicators for gingival bleeding during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey using ...
Cutler J - - 2013
X-linked and autosomally inherited bleeding disorders confer a risk of foetal intracranial haemorrhage during delivery. Conventional prenatal diagnosis involving chorionic villus sampling or early amniocentesis is primarily aimed at offering the choice of pregnancy termination. Currently, non-invasive procedures, involving analysis of free foetal DNA in the maternal circulation, are restricted ...
Karas B J - - 2013
Undiagnosed maternal congenital heart disease can result in significant risks to both mother and fetus. When maternal symptoms and signs are atypical of preeclampsia, broadening the differential diagnosis and multidisciplinary consultation can lead to improved outcomes. A 24-year-old primiparous woman with a pregnancy complicated by elevated blood pressure and proteinuria ...
Basu J K - - 2013
The Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) Act in South Africa (SA) allows women to request TOP for social reasons. A retrospective record review was done on all (85) women who were admitted with complications arising from TOP over a 1-year period in 2008, at the Charlottee Maxeke Johannesburg Academic (CMJA) Hospital, ...
Cornthwaite K - - 2013
Objectives: To report a case of life-threatening epistaxis in a pregnant patient, describe the links between pregnancy and epistaxis, and discuss the management of such cases. Life-threatening epistaxis in pregnancy is rare, and there are no specific evidence-based guidelines regarding the management of these patients. Case report: A 31-year-old primigravida ...
Luitjes Susanne H E SH Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, VU University Medical Centre , PO Box 7057 1007 MB Amsterdam , The Netherlands - - 2013
International collaboration could facilitate systematic development of guidelines to regulate and improve clinical practice. Insight into existing international guidelines regarding hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) is essential. Aim was to evaluate the content and quality of international clinical guidelines on HDP. Quality was assessed with the internationally validated Appraisal of ...
Aebi-Popp Karoline - - 2013
Most national guidelines for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Europe updated between 2001 and 2010 recommend vaginal deliveries for women with undetectable or very low viral load (VL). Our aim was to explore the impact of these new guidelines on the rates of vaginal deliveries among HIV-positive ...
Monk Amy R - - 2013
Primary maternity units are commonly those run by midwives who provide care to women with low-risk pregnancies with no obstetric, anaesthetic, laboratory or paediatric support available on-site. In some other countries, primary level maternity units play an important role in offering equitable and accessible maternity care to women with low-risk ...
Cea-Soriano Lucia - - 2013
This paper aimed to assess the prescription of medications during pregnancy by primary care physicians in the UK. We identified both completed pregnancies and pregnancies losses (ectopic pregnancies, miscarriages, terminations, and stillbirths) in women aged 13-49 years enrolled in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) between 1996 and 2010 following an algorithm ...
Ruth Donna Jean - - 2013
Epilepsy is the most commonly encountered neurologic disorder during pregnancy. A majority of women with epilepsy continue antiepileptic drug regimens during pregnancy. To provide evidence-based care to women with epilepsy, it is critical that healthcare providers possess a basic knowledge of seizures, antiepileptic medications, and interventions specific to this patient ...
Ashwin Cathy - - 2013
The harmful effects of smoking during pregnancy have been well documented within the literature (Eastham and Gosakan 2010; British Medical Association (BMA) 2004). However, although the number of women smoking during pregnancy has fallen over the last few years, this still remains a major health concern for both women and ...
Aventin Aine - - 2013
The importance of including fathers in reproductive planning, pregnancy and childbirth cannot be overstated and it is increasingly recognised that addressing their sense of exclusion from maternity services requires further action. One very overlooked area, however, is in helping young men, alongside their partners, in preventing an unintended teenage pregnancy. ...
Hill Jenny - - 2013
Malaria in pregnancy has important consequences for mother and baby. Coverage with the World Health Organization-recommended prevention strategy for pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) and insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) is low. We conducted a systematic review to explore factors affecting delivery, access, and use ...
Norwood Fiona - - 2013
A national UK workshop to discuss practical clinical management issues related to pregnancy in women with myasthenia gravis was held in May 2011. The purpose was to develop recommendations to guide general neurologists and obstetricians and facilitate best practice before, during and after pregnancy. The main conclusions were (1) planning ...
Szumilewicz Anna - - 2013
Introduction. Prenatal physical activity has been increasingly recommended in recent years as the fundamental condition of physiological pregnancy and birth by health promoting organizations throughout the world. Objective. To determine the influence of prenatal physical activity on the course of labour and delivery. The practical purpose was to present prenatal ...
Strong Noel K - - 2013
Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) is the most common cause of severe thrombocytopenia in the healthy newborn, occurring in 1 in 1000 live births. NAIT is analogous to rhesus alloimmunization in pathophysiology; however, it often presents unexpectedly in first pregnancies. Presentation of NAIT varies from mild thrombocytopenia to life-threatening intracranial hemorrhage. ...
Katopodis Christina - - 2013
Background: Uterine incarceration occurs when the gravid uterus remains trapped within the sacral hollow and cannot ascend out of the pelvis as it enlarges. Predisposing factors include uterine fibroids. Optimal management of uterine incarceration involves manual reduction of the uterus because of the significant maternal and fetal risks associated with ...
Han Kyung Hee KH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of - - 2013
There have been several epidemiologic studies supporting the protective role of pregnancy, although the mechanism is not clear. High level of progesterone, which is crucial in maintaining pregnancy, has been supposed to be one of the causative factors. Progesterone is produced at the corpus luteum in the early pregnancy and ...
Graner Sophie - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Women's understanding of pregnancy and antenatal care is influenced by their cultural context. In low income settings women may have limited influence over their reproductive health including when to seek health care. Awareness of signs of pregnancy complications is essential for timely care. The use of antenatal care services ...
Lennox Genevieve - - 2013
Background: Pregnancy in a rudimentary uterine horn is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy with a high risk of rupture. Management usually involves excision of the rudimentary horn. If diagnosed after the first trimester, it has been managed in the past by laparotomy. Case: A primigravid woman was found on ...
Llewelyn Cerian - - 2013
Hypercoagulability is a well documented feature of pregnancy and contributes to the increased incidences of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy. Thromboembolism remains a leading cause of maternal death in the UK, though it's predicted that up to two thirds of these deaths could be prevented if appropriate thrombophylaxsis is adopted. ...
Fredriksen Eva Haukeland - - 2013
Women increasingly combine paid work and childbearing, but working full time throughout pregnancy is commonly experienced as overtaxing. We explored access to sick leave or medical care as experienced by Norwegian women suffering from pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy. Through a grounded theory approach we compared results from qualitative interviews ...
Akaba G O - - 2013
Objective: To determine the knowledge and utilization of malaria preventive measures as well as barriers to the utilization of these measures by pregnant women. Materials and Methods: The study was a prospective cross-sectional survey involving pregnant women at the booking clinic of the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital between May ...
Tarannum Fouzia - - 2013
In the recent decades, periodontal disease has been identified as a risk factor for pre-term deliveries. Hence, it is important to evaluate the awareness of health-care providers of the association between periodontal diseases and pre-term birth. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to random samples representing general medical practitioners (GMPs), general ...
Adabi Khadijeh - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Cervical ectopic pregnancy is among the rarest clinical conditions happening in women of reproductive age. Yet its management can cause a high rate of morbidity. Therefore, conservative treatment of this condition is a matter of debate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hereby we present two cases of cervical ectopic pregnancies that ...
Pagidas Kelly - - 2013
Primary ovarian pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic gestation and one that is often diagnosed only at the time of surgery. We report the first case to our knowledge of a live primary ovarian pregnancy diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasonography and successfully treated with transvaginal-guided aspiration and injection of methotrexate. ...
Wennberg Anna Lena - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to describe women's experiences of dietary information and the change of dietary habits during pregnancy. DESIGN: a qualitative design was used. In 2007 we conducted six focus group interviews using open-ended questions. SETTINGS: five rural and city antenatal clinics in northern Sweden were included PARTICIPANTS: twenty-three women in mid-pregnancy ...
Khitamy Badawy A B - - 2013
A Muslim woman in her sixteenth week of pregnancy was informed that her ultrasound scan showed spina bifida, and laboratory results confirmed the diagnosis. The child would have various complications and, most probably, would need medical care for life. With the consent of her husband she decided to terminate the ...
Kurien Sophia S New Horizon Dental College & Hospital, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Chattisgarh, - - 2013
The purpose of this article is to update general dentists and maxillofacial surgeons in the perioperative management of the pregnant patient. Pregnancy results in physiologic changes in almost all organ systems in the body mediated mainly by hormones; which influences the treatment schedule. Understanding these normal changes is essential for ...
Phillips Frankie - - 2013
Obesity is placing a huge burden on healthcare resources and the wellbeing of individuals. The first article in this two part series (October 2012) reviewed the prevalence of obesity in pregnancy and the increased risks for pregnant women to their own and their babies' health. Management of obesity during pregnancy ...
Doctor Henry V - - 2013
Abstract:Maternal mortality in northern Nigeria is among the highest in the world. To understand better the pathways through which the socio-demographic environment affects awareness of obstetric danger signs (i.e., potential problems associated with pregnancy), preparations for delivery, and skilled birth attendance, we conducted a survey of 5,083 women with recent ...
Stinson Kathryn - - 2013
Initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy is critical to promote maternal health and prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT). The separation of services for antenatal care (ANC) and ART may hinder antenatal ART initiation. We evaluated ART initiation during pregnancy under different service delivery models in Cape Town, South Africa. ...
Madjunkova Svetlana - - 2013
Background. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) is the most common medical condition of pregnancy, affecting up to 85% of expecting mothers. In the USA, there is no FDA-approved medication for the treatment of NVP. Objective. To identify the primary concerns of American women leading them to contact the Motherisk ...
van Gelder Marleen M H J - - 2013
To optimise the health of pregnant women and their children by evidence-based primary and secondary prevention, more scientific knowledge is needed. To overcome the methodological limitations of many studies on pregnancy and child health, which often use a retrospective design, we established the PRIDE (PRegnancy and Infant DEvelopment) Study. The ...
Christiansen Charlotte Sigurdson - - 2013
This paper applies a life-course perspective to the problem of early pregnancy and pregnancy-related mortality and morbidity in adolescents in developing countries. It describes the contribution that two categories of "pregnancy-focused" programmes make-firstly, the provision of effective care and support in the antenatal, childbirth, and postnatal periods (downstream programmes), and ...
Smith Katie M - - 2013
Multiple guidelines and definitions of physical activity (PA) have been used to study the benefits of activity during pregnancy. The different guidelines lead to a wide range of prevalence estimates and this has led to conflicting reports about activity patterns during pregnancy. A longitudinal study was conducted to assess PA ...
Mahadik Kalpana V - - 2013
This article addresses issues related to pregnancy anaemia and late referral by a village birth attendant in resource poor setting in a central state of India. A young anaemic woman had labour onset at her village, a birth attendant tried to deliver her but failed. When she came to our ...
Palmsten Kristin - - 2013
In the absence of clinical trial data, large post-marketing observational studies are essential to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of medications during pregnancy. We identified a cohort of pregnancies ending in live birth within the 2000-2007 Medicaid Analytic eXtract (MAX). Herein, we provide a blueprint to guide investigators who wish ...
Ateka-Barrutia O - - 2013
Pregnancy poses an important challenge for doctors looking after women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Knowledge about safety of medications, the effect of pregnancy on such disease, and vice versa, together with multidisciplinary team care, are basic cornerstones needed to provide the best obstetric and medical care to these women. Pre-conceptional ...
Agarwal Kiran K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
The partogram has been heralded as one of the most important advances in modern obstetric care. However, some healthcare practitioners, especially in high-income countries, have questioned its effectiveness. The purpose of this study is to evaluate prospectively the use of a paperless partogram as a bedside tool in the management ...
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