Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1236
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Oulton M - - 1999
Conversion of heavy-aggregate alveolar surfactant (H) to a light-aggregate, nonsurface active form (L) is believed to involve the activity of an enzyme, namely, convertase. This conversion can be reproduced in vitro by the surface-area cycling technique. The purpose of the present study was to use this technique to investigate the ...
Bourguignon C - - 1998
Neuronal differentiation in the vertebrate nervous system is temporally and spatially controlled by mechanisms which are largely unknown. Here we investigate the role of XBF-1, an anterior neural plate-specific winged helix transcription factor, in controlling the pattern of neurogenesis in Xenopus ectoderm. We show that, in the anterior neural plate ...
Mahaney J - - 1998
During late pregnancy, the rat undergoes massive plasma volume expansion due to cumulative renal sodium retention. In the present study, conducted in virgin, mid- (days 11-13), and late-pregnant (days 18-20) rats, we measured both Na+-K+-ATPase activity (by coupled enzyme assay) and abundance of the alpha-subunits of the Na+-K+-ATPase (by Western ...
Bottini E E Chair of Preventive and Social Pediatrics, University of Rome Tor Vergata, School of Medicine, Italy. - - 1998
Intracellular kinases mediate positive signalling from surface receptors by phosphorylating critical target proteins whereas phosphatases inhibit this process. Differential phosphatase activity at the feto-maternal interface could determine the appropriate relative growth and development on each side of the placenta. The highly polymorphic cytosolic low molecular weight phosphotyrosine-phosphatase (ACP1-cLMWPTPase) has been ...
St-John W M - - 1998
Normal respiration, termed eupnea, is characterized by periodic filling and emptying of the lungs. Eupnea can occur 'automatically' without conscious effort. Such automatic ventilation is controlled by the brainstem respiratory centers of pons and medulla. Following removal of the pons, eupnea is replaced by gasping, marked by brief but maximal ...
Ball D K - - 1998
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a growth and chemotactic factor for fibroblasts encoded by an immediate early gene that is transcriptionally activated by transforming growth factor ss. Although the primary translational product of the pig CTGF gene is predicted to be of approximate Mr 38 000, pig uterine luminal ...
Ciesla W - - 1998
The hypothesis proposed here presents a mechanism of melatonin action, which may explain the role of this neurohormone in the genesis of various human pathologies, including fetal abnormalities. It assumes that monomeric or dimeric forms of indoloderived compounds such as melatonin and precursors of melanin have the ability to selectively ...
Kim J F - - 1998
Harpins, such as HrpN of Erwinia amylovora, are extracellular glycine-rich proteins that elicit the hypersensitive reaction (HR). We identified hrpW of E. amylovora, which encodes a protein similar to known harpins in that it is acidic, rich in glycine and serine, and lacks cysteine. A putative HrpL-dependent promoter was identified ...
MacLennan B D - - 1998
The near-term rat fetus exhibits brief oral grasp responses to discrete presentations of an artificial nipple. In the present experiment, an artificial nipple was presented to individual fetal subjects 10 times. Five of the presentations were timed to occur when spontaneous fetal motor activity was low and five while activity ...
Valoti M - - 1998
The role of different cytochrome P450 isozymes (CYP) in the N-demethylation of chlorimipramine and chlorpromazine has been investigated in liver microsomes from rats by studying the effects of multiple subchronic doses of chlorimipramine, chlorpromazine, phenobarbital and beta-naphthoflavone on the N-demethylation of ethylmorphine, mono-N-demethyl-chlorimipramine and chlorpromazine and on the hydroxylation of ...
Sun K - - 1998
The isoforms of the enzyme 11beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11betaHSD) are expressed in placental tissue and fetal membranes. The two major isoforms, 11betaHSD-1 and 11betaHSD-2, are compartmentalized discretely, and regulated differentially by steroids (oestrogen, progesterone), activators of cAMP pathway, and nitric oxide. 11BetaHSD-2 appears important in human pregnancy in regulating the ...
Cardeña E - - 1998
Research has shown that the active-alert method described by Bányai and Hilgard (1976) produces a similar increase on suggestibility as relaxation-based techniques, but it has some limitations, including the need for a stationary bicycle and a certain level of physical fitness. The authors compared that method with the new "alert ...
Sacks G P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to seek evidence for circulating leukocyte activation in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Whole blood flow cytometric techniques were used to analyze surface markers of activation (CD11b, CD14, CD23, CD49d, CD62L, CD64, CD66b, HLA-DR) and intracellular reactive oxygen species. Samples were taken from 21 women with preeclampsia, 21 ...
Clark P - - 1998
A prospective study of activated protein C sensitivity, protein C, protein S, and other coagulation factors in 239 women during normal pregnancy was carried out. Protein C activity appeared unaffected by gestation, although an elevation of protein C activity was observed in the early puerperium. A fall in total and ...
Watson A L - - 1998
When maintaining first trimester placental villi in organ culture under conventional normoxic conditions, we have observed widespread degeneration of the syncytiotrophoblast within 24 h despite excellent viability for the cytotrophoblastic and stromal cell types. Here we identify loss of mitochondrial activity as an early event in this process. In the ...
Nagasawa H - - 1998
The spontaneous behaviour at late pregnancy was measured as motor activity by Supermex in SHN mice, which have a rather high still-birth rate. The activities during both light and dark phases as well as during the total period were significantly higher in mice with still-birth than those with normal delivery. ...
Kübler B - - 1998
Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBP) proteases have been proposed to be involved in changes of serum IGFBP pattern during pregnancy. IGFBP-4 and -5 are degraded specifically by proteases in pregnancy serum in vitro, whereas IGFBP-3 proteolytic activity was also detected in nonpregnancy serum. To identify and characterize IGFBP proteases, ...
Bufe A - - 1998
Phl p5 is a major allergen of timothy grass and causes rhinitis and bronchial asthma in nearly all patients allergic to grass pollen. The biochemical processing of this molecule by the nasal mucosa at its first encounter and possible changes of its biologic activity are unknown. Two isoforms of the ...
Spiessens C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that alpha-glycosidase activity in seminal plasma can predict the outcome of both IUI and IVF. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary fertility center in a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Eighty-three subfertile couples who underwent IUI and 125 subfertile couples who underwent IVF. INTERVENTION: None. MAIN ...
Pivarnik J M - - 1998
This review lists the most commonly accepted risk factors for low birth weight (LBW) and offers critical examination of research on the effect of maternal physical activity, both occupational and leisure time, on birth weight. Some studies have shown job related physical "activity" to be related to unfavorable birth outcomes, ...
Sonntag J - - 1998
AIMS: To evaluate complement and contact activation after fetal acidosis. METHODS: Fifteen term neonates with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy after umbilical arterial pH < 7.10 were compared with 15 healthy neonates with umbilical arterial pH > 7.20. Determinations of the complement function and C1-inhibitor activity were performed as kinetic tests 22-28 hours ...
Amicarelli F - - 1998
In this work we have investigated the expression of glyoxalase I (GLO I) and glyoxalase II (GLO II) activities during Bufo bufo embryo development and in some tissues of both male and female adult animals, in order to study how they correlate with cell proliferation and differentiation. The results show ...
Takahashi Y - - 1998
The anticoagulant activities of human urinary soluble thrombomodulin (UTM) in blood taken from various species using several anticoagulant assay systems were compared; it was examined which coagulant assay system is appropriate for evaluation of the antithrombotic effects of UTM and how the species specificity of UTM is involved in the ...
Lee Y - - 1998
Prolactin (PRL) serves an important luteotrophic function in the rat during early pregnancy, expressed as a nocturnal surge in the early morning and a diurnal surge in the late afternoon. Several areas of the hypothalamus, including the preoptic area (POA), the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and the ventromedial and dorsomedial nuclei ...
Rubio-Gozalbo M E - - 1998
A male infant presented at 5 months of age with vomiting, developmental stagnation and convulsions. Complex I activity was in skeletal muscle 0.025 mU/mU CS (N 0.044-0.265) and in fibroblasts 0.046 mU/mU CS (N 0.100-0.307). Despite riboflavine supplementation progressive neurological deterioration occurred and he died at 14 months of age. ...
Henderson H - - 1998
Severe hypertriglyceridemia is an uncommon pathological finding in pregnant women if there is no prior history of hyperlipidemia. A partial reduction in lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity due to a mutation in the LPL gene, is often an associating factor. Here we report a novel LPL gene mutation (Glu421Lys), in a ...
Kakigami T - - 1998
The title compounds (6-9) were prepared and evaluated for serotonin 5-HT4 agonistic activity in in vitro tests. Introducing a propyl or allyl group at the 3-position of benzamide caused only a slight enhancement of agonistic activity. Construction of the benzo[b]furan skeleton and 2,3-dihydrobenzo[b]furan skeleton caused a significant enhancement of the ...
Tan S - - 1998
Cyclic inositol phosphohydrolase (cIPH) converts cyclic inositol monophosphate (cIP), a putative modulator of cell growth, into inositol monophosphate. We hypothesized that hypoxic-ischemic injury alters cIPH activity in the placenta. On the 29th day of gestation pregnant rabbits were randomized to either 50 min of uterine ischemia (hypoxia) or no ischemia ...
de Moerloose P - - 1998
Levels of activated factor XII (FXIIa) and VII (FVIIa) were determined in 100 women with uneventful pregnancies. Samples were divided into five study intervals: three during pregnancy, one at delivery and one 3 d postpartum. The median (range) for FXIIa levels were 3.4 ng/ml (1.2-9.1) from 11 to 20 weeks, ...
Dati F - - 1998
Pregnancy and puerperium are considered to be hypercoagulable states with increased incidence of thromboembolic events. During normal pregnancy, changes in the hemostatic mechanism involve increased stasis and increased coagulation factors and/or decreased levels of anticoagulant proteins such as protein C and protein S as well as enhanced thrombin generation and ...
Mahajna M - - 1998
The systemic insecticide methamidophos, MeO(MeS)P(O)NH2, is a very weak inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in vitro relative to in vivo suggesting bioactivation. This hypothesis is supported by finding that brain AChE inhibition and poisoning signs from methamidophos are greatly delayed in mice and houseflies pretreated with oxidase inhibitors in an order ...
Kamei T - - 1998
After administering 15 g/day of Ninjin-Yoei-To (NYT) for one week to healthy people whose NK activity had already been increased by physiological response, a further increase in NK activity was observed after two days. This increased level of NK activity continued during the administration of NYT for a one-week period. ...
Pospísilová B - - 1998
Activity of alkaline phosphatase in the major salivary glands of male and female mice at various ages of postnatal life, and in females during lactation was studied histochemically. Enzyme activity was not detected on the day of birth, but was found in the terminal tubules of all major salivary glands ...
Mhaouty-Kodja S - - 1997
Expression and regulation of myometrial adenylyl cyclases (AC) were studied during pregnancy. Hybridization of poly(A)+ RNA with specific cDNA probes for enzyme types I-IX indicated 1) the presence of transcripts encoding types II-VI and type IX in rat and human, and type VII in rat and 2) the absence of ...
Di Trapani G - - 1997
The association of 'early pregnancy factor' ('EPF') activity in early pregnancy sera with multiple fractions of heterogeneous molecular mass was re-examined to test whether previously perplexing observations could be explained by a new multi-factorial model of the serum components required for this activity expression. Gel permeation fractionation of human pregnancy ...
Mover-Lev H - - 1997
Pregnant rats were exposed to chronic hyperoxia or hypoxia to examine whether endogenous (pregnancy) and external (exposure to environmental) oxidative stresses have additive influences on inducing enzymatic antioxidant activity (EAOA). The activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were measured in the brain, liver, lungs, heart, uterus ...
Maj J G - - 1997
This study compared the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) in retained and non-retained bovine placenta. The activities of MMPs and their zymogens were measured in fetal and maternal placental tissues from control cows (group B) and animals affected with retention of fetal membranes (group A) using a zymography ...
Jones R K - - 1997
CD56+ CD16- granulated lymphocytes, termed endometrial granulated lymphocytes (eGLs), have been suggested to play a role in the maintenance of human pregnancy, although their in vivo function in both pregnant and nonpregnant endometrium remains unknown. The present study compared the cytotoxic activity of CD56+ CD16- eGLs (> 98% purity) positively ...
Hagemann A - - 1997
The literature has been provided with conflicting results concerning prorenin in rat plasma. The cause was investigated and we characterized severe methodological problems. Prorenin is in rats measured by its enzymatic property after trypsin activation. Besides activating prorenin, trypsin appeared to degrade renin substrate (angiotensinogen) and formed an unstable 'blank' ...
Wadelius M - - 1997
Expression of the drug-metabolizing enzyme cytochrome P4502D6 (CYP2D6) is predominantly under genetic control, and enzyme-inducing drugs have little influence on its activity. We studied the activity of CYP2D6 during pregnancy. One hundred forty pregnant women were genotyped for CYP2D6. Seventeen of them (four poor metabolizers, seven heterozygous extensive metabolizers, and ...
Liu Z - - 1997
This paper reports a study of substance P and its converting enzyme substance P endopeptidase (SPE) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collected from women at term pregnancy. A method was developed to assess the CSF levels of substance P itself with minimum contribution from prestages or fragments of the undecapetide. The ...
Kumar S - - 1997
STUDY DESIGN: To determine the trunk-twisting capability from neutral and prerotated postures, a study was designed to measure torque generated in isometric and isokinetic activities of 50 young adults. OBJECTIVES: To determine the isometric and isokinetic axial rotation strengths of male and female subjects in neutral and asymmetric postures and ...
Glazier J D - - 1997
Primarily, our objectives were to compare system A amino acid transporter activity in the microvillous plasma membrane (MVM) of placentas from normally grown (appropriate for gestational age, AGA) and intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) fetuses delivered during the third trimester, as a whole and in relation to the severity of IUGR. Ten ...
Raju K S - - 1997
In aerobically grown Azorhizobium caulinodans strain IRBG 46, in vivo expression of nitrate reductase (NR) and nitrite reductase (NiR) requires the presence of either nitrate or nitrite. On the contrary mere microaerobic conditions are sufficient for the expression of NR and NiR, however, addition of nitrate to the growth medium ...
Walker M C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the changes in activated protein C resistance that occur during normal pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study activated protein C was measured in 128 women with normal pregnancies in the first, second, and third trimesters and in nonpregnant control subjects ...
Rotmensch S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Activated protein C resistance is a genetic disorder that predisposes to thrombosis. Hyperestrogenism strongly increases the risk of thrombosis in affected individuals. Other thrombophilic disorders, such as the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcome, probably mediated by abnormal clotting in the placental circulation. The purpose ...
Carrizo M E - - 1997
Proteoglycogen is the end product in the process of glycogen biogenesis. We have purified rabbit muscle proteoglycogen and studied the glucosyltransferase reactions catalyzed by its protein moiety, glycogenin, free or bound to the polysaccharide. The purification strategy involved dissolution of proteoglycogen and cosedimenting membrane vesicles in a Triton X-114/Triton X-45 ...
Reinders A - - 1997
Synthesis of trehalose in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is catalysed by the trehalose-6-phosphate (Tre6P) synthase/phosphatase complex, which is composed of at least three different subunits encoded by the genes TPS1, TPS2, and TSL1. Previous studies indicated that Tps1 and Tps2 carry the catalytic activities of trehalose synthesis, namely Tre6P synthase ...
Cerneca F - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To establish the physiologic changes in the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems during normal pregnancy and puerperium. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and seventeen normal pregnant women were investigated in a longitudinal study involving five measurements: blood samples were collected at 10, 20, 30, 36 weeks and on the second day ...
Uemura K - - 1997
Strongly carboxylase-specific ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO) was found in Galdieria partita and Cyanidium caldarium (Cyanidiophyceae). The relative specificity, VcKo/VoKc, of Galdieria and Cyanidium RuBisCO was 238 and 222, respectively; 2.4 to 2.5-fold that of higher plant RuBisCOs. The apparent Km of RuBisCO from the thermophilic red algae for CO2 was 6 ...
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