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Results 601 - 650 of 1193
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Raju K S - - 1997
In aerobically grown Azorhizobium caulinodans strain IRBG 46, in vivo expression of nitrate reductase (NR) and nitrite reductase (NiR) requires the presence of either nitrate or nitrite. On the contrary mere microaerobic conditions are sufficient for the expression of NR and NiR, however, addition of nitrate to the growth medium ...
Walker M C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the changes in activated protein C resistance that occur during normal pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study activated protein C was measured in 128 women with normal pregnancies in the first, second, and third trimesters and in nonpregnant control subjects ...
Rotmensch S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Activated protein C resistance is a genetic disorder that predisposes to thrombosis. Hyperestrogenism strongly increases the risk of thrombosis in affected individuals. Other thrombophilic disorders, such as the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcome, probably mediated by abnormal clotting in the placental circulation. The purpose ...
Carrizo M E - - 1997
Proteoglycogen is the end product in the process of glycogen biogenesis. We have purified rabbit muscle proteoglycogen and studied the glucosyltransferase reactions catalyzed by its protein moiety, glycogenin, free or bound to the polysaccharide. The purification strategy involved dissolution of proteoglycogen and cosedimenting membrane vesicles in a Triton X-114/Triton X-45 ...
Reinders A - - 1997
Synthesis of trehalose in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is catalysed by the trehalose-6-phosphate (Tre6P) synthase/phosphatase complex, which is composed of at least three different subunits encoded by the genes TPS1, TPS2, and TSL1. Previous studies indicated that Tps1 and Tps2 carry the catalytic activities of trehalose synthesis, namely Tre6P synthase ...
Cerneca F - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To establish the physiologic changes in the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems during normal pregnancy and puerperium. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and seventeen normal pregnant women were investigated in a longitudinal study involving five measurements: blood samples were collected at 10, 20, 30, 36 weeks and on the second day ...
Uemura K - - 1997
Strongly carboxylase-specific ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO) was found in Galdieria partita and Cyanidium caldarium (Cyanidiophyceae). The relative specificity, VcKo/VoKc, of Galdieria and Cyanidium RuBisCO was 238 and 222, respectively; 2.4 to 2.5-fold that of higher plant RuBisCOs. The apparent Km of RuBisCO from the thermophilic red algae for CO2 was 6 ...
Wang Z Y - - 1997
1. Electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) of rabbits produced ocular inflammation consisting of conjunctival hyperaemia, miosis and protein extravasation into the aqueous humour, reflected by the so-called aqueous flare response (AFR): the maximal reduction in pupil size was 3.8 +/- 0.1 mm (s.e. of mean, n = 16) while the maximal AFR ...
Michon A L - - 1997
This experiment was designed to simulate experimentally the specific parameters of geomagnetic activity that evoke epileptic seizures. The numbers of overt limbic seizures (rearing, paroxysmal forelimb clonus and falling) in a population of epileptic rats were recorded nightly for 65 successive days between 0200 and 0400 h during red light ...
Merchant M L - - 1997
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) has been reported by some to be therapeutic for necrotic lesions induced by the venom of the brown recluse spider, Loxosceles reclusa. Others have reported no efficacy for this treatment. In this study, the effect of high pressure oxygen on an enzymatic activity of the toxin of ...
Miranda M - - 1997
White and black truffles of the genus Tuber are Ascomycotina as well as Neurospora crassa, which expresses tyrosinase dependently on the reproductive cycle. Tyrosinase expression dependent on reproductive differentiation has been also described in black truffles. We present novel and comparative work on melanogenic activities in black and white truffles ...
Bellart J - - 1997
The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in fibrinolysis parameters during pregnancy. Normal pregnant women (n = 60) formed the study population. Blood samples were taken in the first, second and third trimester, during delivery and three days after delivery. Fibrinolysis parameters were estimated using commercial tests. ...
Chakravorty S G - - 1997
The enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO) has generated considerable interest as a biological marker. The serendipitous discovery that iproniazid was a weak MAO inhibitor (MAOI) led to the development and widespread use of MAOIs as antidepressants in the early 1950s. The-discovery of the two isoenzymes of MAO has led to the ...
Winkelmann A - - 1997
The participation of apical membranes of uterine epithelial cells in the process of blastocyst adhesion makes them an interesting object in the study of changes occurring during early pregnancy. In the study of these changes alkaline phosphatase (AIP), a typical brush border enzyme, was chosen for demonstration with the scanning ...
Cullen B - - 1997
One of the major differences between fetal and adult wound repair is the unique ability of fetal wounds to heal without scarring. Since scar formation is a function of extracellular matrix deposition, the regulation of this component is fundamental in tissue remodeling. In this study, we have characterized the differences ...
Stratford L L - - 1997
We have tested the hypothesis that prolonged fetal hypoxemia causes a reduction in glycogenolytic enzyme activities and/or a depletion of fetal glycogen stores. We compared the effects of short (4 h) and prolonged (24 h) periods of reduced maternal uterine blood flow (RUBF) on glycogen content and on the activities ...
Pacifici G M - - 1997
The sulphation rate of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (TIQ) was measured in the human liver and in the intestinal mucosa isolated from the transverse colon, ileum and duodenum. The rate (mean +/- SD) of hepatic TIQ sulphation was 500 +/- 174 pmol/min per mg in women (n = 61) and 591 +/- 201 ...
Munday R - - 1997
At neutral pH, 1,4-naphthohydroquinone and 2-methyl-1,4-naphthohydroquinone readily autoxidize to the corresponding quinones. In an unpurified phosphate buffer, the autoxidation of both substances proceeded in a linear fashion after a brief lag phase. Addition of a chelating agent or purification of the buffer decreased the duration of the lag phase of ...
Kankofer M - - 1997
The aim of this study was the determination and the comparison of activities of AST, ALT, GGT, 5'-NU and CK in the placental tissues of cows with and without retained fetal membranes. Placental samples were obtained from 16 cows immediately after parturition and divided into 2 groups: A-not retained (n ...
Okere C O - - 1996
Several recent lines of evidence suggest that nitric oxide (NO) may be an endogenous inhibitory regulator of the neurosecretory mechanism in magnocellular neurons of the paraventricular and the supraoptic nuclei in the hypothalamus. The NO synthase (NOS) system in the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial-axis is regulated in an activity-dependent manner. The present study ...
Robertson S S - - 1996
Contractile activity of the uterus before the onset of labor (uterine contractures) has been described in a number of species and provides a powerful source of repeated stimulation for the fetus throughout much of gestation. To understand how fetal behavior responds to this dynamic aspect of the intrauterine environment, we ...
Lowther S - - 1996
We have measured basal, guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) (GTP gamma S) and forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity in samples of frontal and parietal cortex obtained at post-mortem from suicides, with a firm retrospective diagnosis of depression. The suicides were divided into those free of antidepressants and those receiving antidepressants. Each suicide was individually ...
Carpintero A - - 1996
To determine whether the activities of certain hydrolases (arylesterase, beta-glucuronidase, cathepsin L, plasminogen activators, arginase, glutaminase, asparaginase and adenosine deaminase) are changed during pregnancy, three groups of 15 apparently healthy women (aged 18-38 years) in their first, second and third trimester of pregnancy were compared to a control group formed ...
Lephart E D - - 1996
Medial basal hypothalamic (MBH) 5 alpha-reductase activity was significantly blocked with a known inhibitor, Proscar (Finasteride), in pregnant rats while their open-field behavior was quantified during the last week of pregnancy. In control animals, open-field behavior significantly decreased (in a stair-step fashion) as a function of increasing gestational age. Conversely, ...
Kankofer M - - 1996
Changes in the levels of the activity of two enzymes that neutralize free radicals-glutathione peroxidase [(EC.1.11.1.9), GSH-Px] and superoxide dismutase--[(EC.1.15.1.1), SOD]--in cows with fetal membranes retention (RFM) were studied. The activities were measured in maternal and fetal placental tissues after spontaneous parturition without (group A) and with (group B) retained ...
Laine K - - 1996
The effect of activated charcoal on fluoxetine (40 mg) absorption, with special reference to delayed charcoal administration, was investigated in a randomized study with four parallel groups of eight Healthy volunteers. The first group ingested fluoxetine on an empty stomach with water only (control). The second group received 25 g ...
Boon-Long J - - 1996
The in vitro activity of D0870, a new triazole, was compared with that of fluconazole, itraconazole, miconazole, amphotericin B and flucytosine against recent clinical isolates of Penicillium marneffei in Thailand. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) values were determined by a microbroth dilution method using morpholinopropanesulphonic acid (MOPS)-buffered RPMI-1640 and brain ...
Paria B C - - 1996
Arachidonoylethanolamide (anandamide) is an endogenous ligand for cannabinoid receptors. We demonstrated previously that ligand-receptor signaling with cannabinoids is operative in both the mouse embryo and uterus during the periimplantation period. In the present investigation, we provide evidence that mouse uterus has the enzymatic capacities to form (synthase) and hydrolyze (amidase) ...
Breen S - - 1996
Using Fos immunohistochemistry as a marker of cellular activity, we have shown that neurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of fetal sheep are active by 75 days gestation. From at least 90 days gestation (term is 146 days), these neurons are more active during the day (12.00) than at night (03.00) ...
Merrill G A - - 1996
The redox metabolism of myeloperoxidase-deficient rooster (chicken) polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) was analyzed by differential chemiluminigenic probes. Chicken complement-opsonified zymosan, a phagocytosable particulate stimulus, and phorbol myristate acetate, a chemical stimulus, were used to activate the PMNL respiratory burst. The two probes used were luminol (5-amino-2,3-dihydro-1,4-phthalazinedione), a general probe of oxidase-peroxidase ...
Zammarchi E - - 1996
Few patients with the early-infantile form of galactosialidosis have been described to date. Presented here is the first Italian case. Fetal hydrops was detected by ultrasound at week 24 of gestation. At birth, the infant presented with hypotonia, massive edema, a flattened coarse facies, telangiectasias, and hepatosplenomegaly, but no dysostosis ...
Okubo K - - 1996
2-Hydroxylation is one of the major metabolic pathways of estrogens and is believed to be catalyzed by a form of cytochrome P450. Recently it has been reported that estrogen 2-hydroxylase activity in human placenta is catalyzed by aromatase. Some investigators suggested the effect of catechol estrogen on human placental steroidogenesis ...
Pigarev VN - - 1996
Since 1992 we have performed 371 bilateral salpingostomies in infertile women (age 20-32 yrs, infertility duration 2-9 yrs) with blockage in the ampullas. Salpingostomy was performed after retrieving the tube from the commisure and filling it with methylene blue. The ampullary part of the tube was grasped at 1 to ...
Naito M - - 1996
SDZ PSC833 (PSC833), an analogue of cyclosporines, is one of the most potent modulators of multi-drug resistance (MDR). We previously reported that MRK-16, an anti-P-glycoprotein MAb, enhanced MDR reversal activity of cyclosporin A (CsA) through inhibition of P-glycoprotein-mediated CsA transport. We have examined here whether MRK-16 can enhance MDR reversal ...
Graham G W - - 1996
Fifteen pregnancies at risk for Lesch-Nyhan syndrome were investigated between 8 and 17 weeks' gestation by measurement of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HGPRT) and adenine phosphoribosyl transferase (APRT) enzyme activities in chorionic villus samples (cultured and uncultured) or in cultured amniotic fluid cells. Ten pregnancies had normal enzyme levels and a ...
Buddington R K - - 1996
Enzyme activities and rates of leucine and glucose uptake were measured using brush-border membrane vesicles prepared from the small intestine of 7-, 8-, 10-, and 12-week fetal (43, 49, 61, and 74% of gestation) and unsuckled, neonatal pigs. Lactase was detected in 7-week fetuses, with a large increase in activity ...
Houlihan C M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, the major serum protease inhibitor of fibrinolysis, increases steadily during pregnancy. The study objective was to examine four hormones, namely, estradiol-17 beta, progesterone, prolactin, and hydrocortisone to determine their individual contributions in the production of tissue plasminogen activator antigen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 antigen, and plasminogen activator ...
Zhu X - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of monoconjugated bilirubin (MCB) on gallstone formation of both categories. METHODS: Using a newly established high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique. MCB was extracted, prepared and purified from gallstone patients bile, and its solubility and pro-nucleative activity were observed. RESULTS: In a near physiological environment ...
Kinnby B - - 1996
Gingival inflammatory symptoms are aggravated during pregnancy. In vitro studies suggest a hormonal influence on the plasminogen activator inhibitor type 2 (PAI-2), and a disturbed balance of the fibrinolytic system could help to explain pregnancy gingivitis. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was sampled in 14 women in pregnant and post-pregnant states. ...
Sekizawa A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To study the role of decidual monoamine oxidase (MAO)-A and -B activities before delivery, the relationship between MAO activity in fetal membranes and catecholamine (CA) concentration in amniotic fluid (AF) was determined. METHODS: Fetal membranes and AF were obtained at the time of elective Cesarean section (CS group, n ...
Sugino N - - 1996
To investigate the possible role of the superoxide radical and its scavenging system in the human endometrium, the immunohistochemical distribution of superoxide dismutase (SOD), activities of SOD and lipid peroxide concentrations were studied in the human endometrium throughout the menstrual cycle and in early pregnancy. The endometrial epithelium showed a ...
Weinhaus A J - - 1996
During pregnancy, islets undergo a number of up-regulatory changes to meet the increased need for insulin. One of the most important changes is an increase in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion with a reduction in the glucose-stimulated threshold. Similarly, placental lactogen and PRL induce the same changes in islets as pregnancy. In ...
Roberts D M - - 1996
A vehicle-mounted net was used to make hourly catches of blackflies at 700-1000 m altitude in the River Assob valley, central Nigeria, on 20 days during the dry season. Pearson Correlation Matrix analysis of the collection data and meteorology showed that the main factors affecting flight activity of each of ...
Keuzenkamp-Jansen C W - - 1996
Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) is an important enzyme in the metabolism of 6-mercaptopurine (6MP), which is used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). TPMT catalyzes the formation of methylthioinosine monophosphate (MetIMP), which is cytotoxic for cultured cell lines, and it plays a role in detoxification of 6MP. Population studies ...
Langley-Evans S C - - 1996
Hypertension is strongly predicted by a low birthweight:placental weight ratio. Two independent models have been described to explain this association; less than optimal maternal protein nutrition leading to fetal undernutrition, or glucocorticoid excess. Pregnant rats were fed diets containing 18 per cent casein (control) or 9 per cent casein, balanced ...
Choi Y S - - 1996
The synthesis and anti-AIDS virus activity of sulfated octadecyl ribofuranans with medium-range molecular weights have been investigated. Selective ring-opening polymerization of 1,4-anhydro-2,3-di-O-benzyl-alpha-D-ribopyranose with 10-20 mol% of boron triflouride etherate as a catalyst in a large amount of dichloromethane gave 2,3-di-O-benzyl-(1-->5)-alpha-D-ribofuranan in good yield. The molecular weight of the benzylated ribofuranan ...
Ramsay B - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To study the changes in nitric oxide synthase activities in human myometrium and trophoblast throughout pregnancy and around delivery. METHODS: Samples of villous trophoblast were collected from women undergoing elective cesarean delivery at term (n = 12) or voluntary termination of pregnancy in the first (n = 27) or ...
Ohazurike N C - - 1996
Crude aqueous extracts from the peripheral rot zone of cocoyam tubers infected by Sclerotium rolfsii sacc were shown to be inhibitory to dialysed in vivo polygalacturonase (PG) of the pathogen. The PG inhibitory action, phenol oxidase and peroxidase activities were higher in cocoyam tubers of the Xanthosoma sagittifolium varieties than ...
Clapp J F JF - - 1996
There is concern that the thermal, cardiovascular, metabolic, and biophysical changes which accompany physical activity may have detrimental effects on both mother and fetus. Research focused on physical activity in the workplace has identified four specific physical stresses (quiet standing, long hours, protracted ambulation, and heavy lifting) that are associated ...
Weiner C P - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: Arginase has been suggested to play an important role in cellular growth and development, particularly important to the fetus, by supplying L-ornithine for the synthesis of polyamines. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether pregnancy alters myometrial arginase activity and whether estradiol was responsible for the change. ...
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