Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1225
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Mackin Lesley - - 2002
During the processing of pharmaceutical solids (e.g. milling, spray drying, tablet compaction, wet granulation and lyophilisation), various degrees of disorder in the form of crystal defects and/or amorphous regions may be generated. Even relatively low levels of amorphous material (<10%) may have a detrimental impact on the stability, manufacturability and ...
Beler-Baykal B - - 2002
Efforts for the task of modification of a nitrification/denitrification unit operating in a series of two fixed bed columns are outlined. The problem was elevated dissolved oxygen concentrations at the entrance of the denitrification column, resulting in an excessive consumption of methanol. The possibility of using a column of activated ...
Tachibana Daisuke - - 2002
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is an essential cofactor of nitric oxide synthase as well as a cofactor of aromatic amino acid hydroxylases. However, its role in pregnancy is not yet understood. We evaluated the concentrations of BH4 throughout normal pregnancy and puerperium, and compared them with those of non-pregnant women by measuring ...
Denaburski J - - 2002
The present review article deals with the current knowledge on the most important reasons of quantitative and qualitative losses during breeding and turnover before slaughtering of farm animals. At present, the profitability of every economic activity of people is an indispensable necessity. As regards farm animals there are many factors, ...
- - 2002
The physiologic and morphologic changes of pregnancy may interfere with the ability to engage safely in some forms of physical activity. A woman's overall health, including obstetric and medical risks, should be evaluated before prescribing an exercise program. Generally, participation in a wide range of recreational activities appears to be ...
Borges M H - - 2001
Aqueous extract from Casearia sylvestris leaves, a typical plant from Brazilian open pastures, was able to neutralize the hemorrhagic activity caused by Bothrops asper, Bothrops jararacussu, Bothrops moojeni, Bothrops neuwiedi and Bothrops pirajai venoms. It also neutralized two hemorrhagic metalloproteinases from Bothrops asper venom. Proteolytic activity on casein induced by ...
Buhimschi I A - - 2001
The mechanisms by which pregnancy redistributes cardiac output in an organ-specific manner are poorly understood. We propose that it is consequential to estrogen-mediated alterations in G protein-mediated signal transduction. Aortas and uterine (UAs) and mesenteric arteries (MAs) were obtained from late-pregnant, nonpregnant, or ovariectomized guinea pigs chronically treated with 17beta-estradiol. ...
Alfaidy N - - 2001
In human pregnancy, cortisol and PGs are involved in the onset of labor and play an important role in the mechanisms leading to parturition. Recent studies have shown that at term, cortisol increases PG synthesis and decreases PG metabolism in chorion trophoblast (CT) cells. In CT, 11 beta-hydroxysteroid oxidase type ...
Louro M O - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Conditions not directly related to copper nutriture, such as pregnancy, infections and inflammation, which increase serum copper concentration even during copper deprivation, may be expected to conceal changes in copper status. It has been suggested that the specific enzymatic activity of ceruloplasmin (activity per unit mass of enzyme protein) ...
Mehrotra P K - - 2001
In continuation of an ongoing program on developing nonsteroidal pregnancy interceptives to be used as a menses regulating agent, a new class of compounds belonging to 3-substituted amino-1-aryl-6-hydroxy-hex-2-ene-1-ones series has been investigated for pregnancy interceptive activity in the hamster and rat. The compounds were administered (subcutaneous) on days 4-8 (hamster) ...
Vaitl D - - 2001
Very-low-frequency (VLF) atmospherics or sferics are pulse-shaped alternating electric and magnetic fields which originate from atmospheric discharges (lightning). The objective of the study was threefold: (i) to analyse numerous parameters characterizing the sferics activity with regard to their suitability for field studies, (ii) to identify meteorological processes related to the ...
Benson C - - 2001
NGOs appear to be well placed to play a significant role in natural disaster mitigation and preparedness (DMP), working, as they do, with poorer and marginalised groups in society. However, there is little information on the scale or nature of NGO DMP activities. This paper reports the findings of a ...
Chajara A - - 2001
Hyaluronan (HA) is a glycosaminoglycan found in greatest amounts in the extra-cellular matrix of loose connective tissue. HA has been shown to be closely involved in arterial smooth muscle cell (ASMC) proliferation and migration. No studies have examined the degradation of HA in the vessel wall during proliferation of ASMC. ...
Ries M - - 2001
Our study investigates the effect of fetal and adult soluble fibrin (SF), fetal and adult fibrinogen Aalpha- and gamma-chains, as well as adult CNBr-fibrinogen fragments on tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA)-catalyzed plasminogen activation of both fetal and adult Glu-plasminogen types 1 and 2. In addition, we determined carbohydrate sequences of fetal ...
Prados M - - 2001
Temozolomide (Temodar in the United States, Temodal globally; Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ) has several characteristics that make it appealing for combination therapies: broad-spectrum antitumor activity, the ability to cross the blood-brain barrier, a good safety profile with nonoverlapping toxicities, an oral formulation, and the ability to overcome resistance to nitrosoureas. ...
Tsutsumi K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the activity of cytochrome P4501A2 (CYP1A2), xanthine oxidase (XO), and N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) from early to late pregnancy and after delivery. METHODS: Twelve women were studied on three occasions during pregnancy (early, 8-16 weeks' gestation; middle, 20-28 weeks' gestation; and late, 32-39 weeks' gestation) ...
Henson K L - - 2001
The inducibility of hepatic cytosolic glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) was examined in brown bullheads, a freshwater fish that is highly susceptible to hepatic neoplasia following exposure to carcinogen-contaminated sediments. Juvenile bullheads were fed a semi-purified antioxidant-free diet supplemented with ethoxyquin (0.5% w/w dissolved in 3% corn oil), a prototypical rodent GST-inducing ...
Gonzalez R R - - 2001
Phenotypic changes of integrin and metalloproteinase secretion of the invasive human cytotrophoblast are regulated by cytokines and growth factors, but how this occurs is not completely understood. We used 24-h cytotrophoblast cultures from first trimester pregnancies to investigate the effects of leptin and cytokines on the expression of the alpha2, ...
Nicol M B - - 2001
This study examines the effect of inhibiting the synthesis of gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) agonist steroids on behavioural activity and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) in late gestation fetuses. Pregnane steroid production was suppressed by infusion of the 5alpha-reductase inhibitor, finasteride in chronically catheterised fetal sheep, 130-135 days gestation. Finasteride treatment (160 ...
Kaminaga T - - 2001
A deficit of fatty alcohol:NAD+ oxidoreductase complex (FAO) activity has been detected in patients with the Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS). A moderate decrease in FAO activity has also been reported in heterozygote SLS subjects. Abnormal peaks were detected with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in homozygote SLS subjects. The purpose of ...
Yuan L - - 2001
To investigate the distribution and potential participation of microglia, the resident defense cells of the central nervous system, in the optic nerve head (ONH) in glaucoma, histological paraffin sections of optic nerves from normal and glaucoma patients with mild to advanced nerve damage were studied using double labeling immunohistofluorescence. A ...
Kojima H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To establish a molecular biological basis for differentiation of congenital and acquired cholesteatoma. STUDY DESIGN: The time of onset was estimated for congenital cholesteatoma and for acquired cholesteatoma by comparing the telomere length and the telomerase activity in the tissues of both diseases with the values of those parameters ...
Partrick D A - - 2001
Postinjury multiple organ failure (MOF) may result from overwhelming systemic hyperinflammation. Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) produces many inflammatory lipid mediators, and levels have been correlated with both the severity of patient injury and postinjury mortality. The objective of this study was to characterize the plasma activity of sPLA2 type IIa ...
Thompson L P - - 2001
We hypothesized that pregnancy modulates receptor-mediated responses of the uterine artery (UA) by altering G protein activation or coupling. Relaxation and contraction to NaF (0.5-11.5 mM), acetylcholine (10(-9)-10(-5) M), and bradykinin (10(-12)-3 x 10(-5) M) were measured in isolated UA of pregnant and nonpregnant guinea pigs. Responses were measured in ...
Smith-Swintosky V L - - 2001
Topiramate is a structurally novel neurotherapeutic agent with a unique combination of pharmacological properties and currently is available in most world markets for treating several seizure disorders. Because its pharmacological profile was suggestive of possible activity as a neuroprotectant, topiramate was evaluated and found to be active in several animal ...
Su T J - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to explore daily activity following embryo transfer (ET) in women who had undergone in vitro fertilization (IVF), and to compare the differences between pregnant and non-pregnant cycles. METHODS: This prospective survey was conducted in a medical center in northern Taiwan. Subjects ...
Shivalingappa H - - 2001
Petroleum ether, chloroform, ethanol and distilled water extracts of the aerial parts of the plant Rivea hypocrateriformis (Convolvulaceae) were tested for antiimplantation and pregnancy interruption properties in female albino rats. Among these, the ethanol extract was found to be most effective in causing significant antiimplantation and interruption of early pregnancy. ...
Vesce F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare euploid and aneuploid pregnancies with respect to maternal serum and amniotic fluid (AF) levels of the components of the plasminogen system. METHODS: The study population consisted of 123 single pregnancies at the 17th gestational week, 16 with minor chromosomal abnormalities, 15 aneuploid, and 92 euploid. RESULTS: Both ...
Shenhar G - - 2001
The choice between meiosis and alternative developmental pathways in budding yeast depends on the expression and activity of transcriptional activator Ime1. The transcription of IME1 is repressed in the presence of glucose, and a low basal level of IME1 RNA is observed in vegetative cultures with acetate as the sole ...
Karsenti D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of acute pancreatitis during pregnancy is usually based on the association of upper abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, and elevated serum amylase or lipase activities. The changes in these enzymatic activities have not been clearly established during normal pregnancy. The aim of this study was therefore to ...
Steglich C - - 2001
Effects of nitrogen limitation on Photosystem II (PSII) activities and on phycoerythrin were studied in batch cultures of the marine oxyphotobacterium Prochlorococcus marinus. Dramatic decreases in photochemical quantum yields (F(V)/F(M)), the amplitude of thermoluminescence (TL) B-band, and the rate of Q(A) reoxidation were observed within 12 h of growth in ...
Otero Areán C - - 2001
The amphibole minerals amosite and crocidolite were subjected to calcination and to hydrothermal treatment in order to study the effect of these heat treatments on the ability of the minerals to trigger formation of free radicals, which is known to be a main factor causing asbestosis and other asbestos-induced diseases. ...
Milnerowicz H - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to assess the activity of membrane enzymes: alanine aminopeptidase (AAP), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and trehalase in amniotic fluid of women who smoke cigarettes during pregnancy complicated by idiopathic oligohydramnios or premature rupture of the membranes (PROM). The enzyme activity was measured between 22 and ...
Hofmann M - - 2001
It has been assumed that low birth weight and high placenta weight were key factors for predicting hypertension in human adulthood. A deficiency in placental 11 beta-HSD-II enzyme activity was supposed to be the underlying cause. To possibly establish 11 beta-HSD-II as a leading factor, we determined 11 beta-HSD-II activities ...
Zhang Y - - 2001
In Rhodospirillum rubrum, dinitrogenase reductase ADP-ribosyltransferase (DRAT) is responsible for the ADP-ribosylation of dinitrogenase reductase in response to the addition of NH(+)(4) or removal from light, resulting in a decrease in nitrogenase activity. DRAT is itself subject to post-translational regulation; to investigate the mechanism for the regulation of DRAT activity, ...
Gilmore H T HT USD School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Yankton, - - 2001
Peyote is a substance with varied potential. Used properly it may be a spiritual aid but used in excess, it can be a hallucinogenic agent with teratogenic potential. There is a growing community of devout people who use it as part of their religious observance. The active ingredient, mescaline, has ...
Buhimschi I A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The mechanism underlying myometrial quiescence during pregnancy is unknown. Our group has previously shown that during pregnancy myometrial cyclic guanosine monophosphate content rises to several hundred times the nonpregnant levels, only to abruptly decline days before the onset of labor. Cyclic guanosine monophosphate plays an integral role in the ...
Wu S Y - - 2000
In developing mammals, we and others demonstrated that sulfation is an important pathway in the metabolism of thyroid hormone, and there is significant fetal-maternal transfer of sulfated iodothyronine. In the present study, we characterized a novel iodothyronine sulfotransferase (IST) in pregnant rat uterus. (125)I-labeled 3,3'-diiodothyronine (T(2)), T(3), rT(3), and T(4) ...
Ketai L H - - 2000
To compare rodeo associated large animal injuries to large animal associated trauma from other aetiologies in order to determine whether mandatory protective head-gear during rodeo is warranted. Retrospective analysis related to injury involving large animal admissions between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 1995. The setting is at the University ...
Bonacci G - - 2000
Human pregnancy zone protein (PZP) is a macromolecule of 360 kDa, organized as a disulfide-linked homodimer of two 180 kDa subunits, with an amino acid sequence and structure remarkably similar to that of human alpha2-Macroglobulin. Homogeneous PZP samples undergo fast aging forming oligomeric aggregates of high molecular weight. This aged ...
Ries M - - 2000
This study deals with plasminogen activation kinetics of fetal and adult Glu-plasminogen types 1 and 2 as well as fetal and adult Lys-plasminogen by urokinase in the presence and absence of the lysine analogues epsilon-amino-n-caproic acid (EACA) and tranexamic acid. In addition, activation kinetics of single-chain urokinase-plasminogen activator (scu-PA) by ...
Hughes J L - - 2000
The effect of gestational age, low birth weight, and umbilical plasma pH on the activity and expression of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger in the microvillous plasma membrane (MVM) of the placental syncytiotrophoblast was investigated. MVM were isolated from placentas of fetuses delivered in the first and second trimesters and from appropriately ...
Dunn-Dufault R - - 2000
A high effective specific activity (HESA) formulation of a biotin-containing (99m)Tc ligand [RP488: dimethyl-Gly-Ser-Cys(Acm)-Lys(Biotin)-Gly] conveniently prepared from solid phase was compared to a typical low effective specific activity (LESA) solution formulation to demonstrate improved targeting to streptavidin in an in vitro assay and in an in vivo rat model. RP488 ...
Lim H K - - 2000
The hepatoprotective effects of acetylbergenin were examined against D -galactosamine (GalN)-induced liver damage in rats, compared with that of bergenin reported previously. Acetylbergenin was synthesized from acetylation of bergenin, isolated from Mallotus japonicus, to increase lipophilic and physiological activities. Acetylbergenin was administered orally once daily for 7 days and then ...
Marinoni M - - 2000
Previous studies performed by positron emission tomography and Transcranial Doppler (TCD) found a different cerebral activation during musical stimuli in musicians compared to non-musicians. The aim of our study is to evaluate by means of TCD, possible different pattern of cerebral activation during the performance of different musical tasks in ...
Leiman M - - 2000
Ogden's concept of the matrix of transference as the inter-subjective basis in psychotherapy and psychoanalysis is examined by using the notion of sign-mediated activity. After an introduction to the concept of activity, Ogden's account of the autistic-contiguous position and his restatement of the Kleinian paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions as the ...
Nijland M J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound studies of hourly urine production rate in human fetuses have suggested that a fall in urine production occurs in state 2F (fetal quiet sleep) secondary to a state-dependent decrease in renal blood flow. We sought to ascertain the relationship between fetal hourly urine production rate and behavioral state ...
Tancini B - - 2000
It is believed that the lysosomal glycohydrolase beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase plays a part in several important processes of reproduction and it has been postulated that this enzyme is subject to hormonal regulation. During pregnancy, activity levels of the enzyme are strongly increased in both human and rat serum. However, little is known ...
Riley S C - - 2000
Type 1 NAD(+)-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) is the key enzyme for metabolism of active primary prostaglandins to inactive forms in gestational tissues. The present study examined the activity and immunolocalization of PGDH in the ovine placenta, fetal membranes and uterus over the latter half of pregnancy, and its potential regulation ...
Moutsatsou P - - 2000
Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) has been used as a serum biochemical marker of Down's syndrome (DS) pregnancies, and recent studies have reported an increase in a hyperglycosylated form of the protein associated with DS. In the present study, the activity of the combined soluble serum sialyltransferase (ST) enzymes was examined ...
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