Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1257
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Schröcksnadel Katharina - - 2003
In mice, activation of indoleamine-(2,3)-dioxygenase (IDO), an enzyme converting tryptophan to N-formyl-kynurenine, is required to achieve immunotolerance against the fetus and thus uncomplicated pregnancy. On the other hand, postpartum blues and depression appear to be related to reduced availability of tryptophan and serotonin. In healthy pregnant women with singleton pregnancies ...
Montgomery Kristen S - - 2003
In this column, the author provides examples of Web sites that address exercise and physical activity during pregnancy and the postpartum period.
Horneck G - - 2003
Human missions to Mars are planned to happen within this century. Activities associated therewith will interact with the environment of Mars in two reciprocal ways: (i) the mission needs to be protected from the natural environmental elements that can be harmful to human health, the equipment or to their operations; ...
Rasheed Parveen - - 2003
To find out the level of health awareness related to pregnancy and the sources of information among parous women visiting the Primary Health Centers in Al- Khobar. This is a cross-sectional study conducted at three Primary Health Centers in Al-Khobar during a two-week period in April 2001. Five hundred and ...
Sairafianpour Majid - - 2002
Three unusual, highly oxygenated novel phenylpropanoids (1-3) and two novel isoflavans, 8-prenylmucronulatol (4) and smiranicin (6), were isolated from Smirnowia iranica together with a previously described isoflavan, glyasperin H (5). The structures were established using homo- and heteronuclear two-dimensional NMR experiments. The isoflavans significantly inhibited the growth of extracellular stages ...
Kindzelskii Andrei L - - 2002
Pregnancy is associated with changes in host susceptibility to infections and inflammatory disease. We hypothesize that metabolic enzyme trafficking affects maternal neutrophil activation. Specifically, immunofluorescence microscopy has shown that glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDase), the rate-controlling step of the hexose monophosphate shunt (HMS), is located near the cell periphery in control neutrophils ...
Moriyama Takanori - - 2002
Measurement of activities of urinary (u-PA) and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and analysis of euglobulin lysis times (ELTs) and prekallikrein were performed simultaneously using the plasma of normal pregnant women and nonpregnant women. The activities of plasminogen activators were determined by the method of electrophoretic zymography. The activity of low-molecular-weight ...
Duncan Matthew J - - 2002
Caveolae and lipid rafts are increasingly being recognized as a significant portal of entry into host cells for a wide variety of pathogenic microorganisms. Entry through this mechanism appears to afford the microbes protection from degradation in lysosomes, though the level to which each microbe actively participates in avoiding lysosomal ...
Minakami Hisanori - - 2002
The syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP syndrome) and of acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) do not have an abrupt onset. Thrombocytopenia or reduced antithrombin activity, or both, seen at presentation do not result from these complications. There are a small number of pregnant ...
Kubo Isao - - 2002
A series of alkyl gallates (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoates) was synthesized and tested for their antibacterial activity against Salmonella choleraesuis. Nonyl (C(9)) and octyl (C(8)) gallates were noted to be the most effective against this food-borne bacterium, each with a minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of 12.5 microg/mL, followed by decyl (C(10)) gallate, with ...
Benedetto Chiara - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The possibility that changes in activated protein C anticoagulant activity may contribute to the hemostatic changes associated with pregnancy has been previously investigated, but the results of the studies are still controversial. METHODS: Nine hundred and sixty-one healthy nonpregnant and 711 normal pregnant women who were noncarriers of factor ...
Tanaka Yuhko - - 2002
The behavior of phosphatase isoforms under dark-starvation from plasmodium of Physarum polycephalum were investigated to determine their possible roles in sclerotium formation. Two and a half days after dark-starvation, approximately 95% of plasmodia plates formed sclerotia. Specific phosphatase activity increased markedly up to ca. two-fold within the first day of ...
Evenson Kelly R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal mortality in North America and Europe and a major predictor of neonatal and infant morbidity. Postterm birth is associated with increased infant mortality and morbidity, as well as increased frequency of surgical or induced labor. Because vigorous leisure activity may affect ...
Tokumura Akira - - 2002
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a prototype of the lysophospholipid mediator family and has multiple effects in the female reproductive system. Although several metabolic routes have been reported for intracellular formation of LPA, a unique route involving lysophospholipase D, an extracellular enzyme that produces LPA in blood and body fluids, is ...
Roes Eva Maria - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the plasminogen activator system in maternal and umbilical cord plasma in patients with severe preeclampsia compared with control subjects with normotensive pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Maternal blood was sampled from 42 patients at a median gestational age of 32 weeks; after delivery, ...
Jones D R - - 2002
Acid phosphatase (ACP) has been identified as a potential biomarker for endpoint temperature determination in further-processed poultry. Multiple analyses of the same sample for ACP have produced consistent results. The degree of variation in ACP levels present in different production lots has not been identified. This study was conducted utilizing ...
Qin Xuezhong - - 2002
Serum IGFBP-4 proteolytic activity increases dramatically during human pregnancy and is mainly attributed to the pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A). To understand the regulation and actions of PAPP-A in vivo, we evaluated the utility of a mouse model system. Serum from day-9 and day-17 pregnant mice and age-matched controls was tested ...
Kidani Teruki - - 2002
The synthesis, activity and mass of LPL in adipose tissue were studied in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with prednisolone (PSL) (PSL-treated group) and untreated patients with osteoarthritis (untreated group). LPL activity and mass in the extracts of acetone/ether powder of adipose tissue were 2.4 and 1.6 times, respectively, ...
Sandu Cristinel - - 2002
The function of the MoeA protein in the biosynthesis of the molybdenum cofactor (MoCo) was analyzed in vitro, using purified His(6)-MoeA from Escherichia coli, molybdopterin (MPT) isolated from buttermilk xanthine oxidase and molybdate. The formation of MoCo was monitored by the reconstitution of nitrate reductase activity in extracts of the ...
Liu Tao - - 2002
The syntheses and the pregnancy-terminating activity relationships of compounds -n are reported. Compounds 5b and are found to be more potent than DL-111-a known drug having effective pregnancy-terminating activity in vitro. Further research shows compounds 5b and have the same activity as DL-111 in vivo. We also found an exciting ...
Houthoofd Koen - - 2002
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans responds to unfavourable environmental conditions by arresting development and entering diapause as a dauer larva. Dauers can survive several times the normal life span and the duration of the dauer state has no effect on postdauer life span. This led to the suggestion that dauers are ...
Langer-Gould Annette - - 2002
Women with multiple sclerosis have significantly diminished disease activity during pregnancy. The purpose of our study was to identify the underlying mechanism for the diminished disease activity. We found that during the period of late pregnancy there is protection against paralysis, during both the induction and effector phases of relapsing ...
Picchiottino Christa - - 2002
Many foods contain the unsaturated aldehyde, hexadienal (HX). Human exposure is thus unavoidable. HX feeding to rodents caused cancers only in the forestomach. Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDH) are key enzymes in the metabolism of aldehydes. We examined the distribution of ALDH using HX as the substrate (HXDH) along the GI tract ...
Radaelli T - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is any relationship between the activity of cationic amino acid transporters in the microvillous plasma membrane (MVM) of the syncytiotrophoblast and the oxygenation of the uteroplacental unit. Oxygenation data were obtained at the time of caesarean section from the uterine ...
- - 2002
The physiologic and morphologic changes of pregnancy may interfere with the ability to engage safely in some forms of physical activity. A woman's overall health, including obstetric and medical risks, should be evaluated before prescribing an exercise program. Generally, participation in a wide range of recreational activities appears to be ...
Grozdea Jean - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The normal levels of alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity in maternal serum are virtually the same as those observed in Down syndrome (DS) pregnancies at 14-20 weeks' gestation. Using urea inhibition of AP, we observed an atypical AP isoenzyme in the neutrophils of mothers with trisomy 21 fetuses. AIM: To ...
Carrillo-López Armando - - 2002
The activity of four cell wall hydrolases, pectinmethylesterase (PME), polygalacturonase (PG), cellulase, and beta-galactosidase (beta-Gal), was measured in fruit skins of two prickly pear varieties, Naranjona and Charola, during storage at 18 degrees C and 85-95% relative humidity (RH). In Naranjona (Opuntia ficus indica), of short postharvest life (ca. 2 ...
Riley Graham P - - 2002
Our aim was to correlate the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) with denaturation and the turnover of collagen in normal and pathological human tendons. MMPs were extracted from ruptured supraspinatus tendons (n=10), macroscopically normal ("control") supraspinatus tendons (n=29) and normal short head of biceps brachii tendons (n=24). Enzyme activity was ...
Allen Katrina J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The serum activity of the hepatic enzyme gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) is elevated in the newborn relative to older age groups. Few reports to date have studied the influence of perinatal factors on neonatal serum GGT and no study has assessed the influence of maternal drug ingestion. STUDY DESIGN: Cord ...
Brown W - - 2002
The aims of this paper are (1) to comment on the evidence relating to the health risks and benefits of physical activity (PA) for pregnant women and their unborn foetuses. and (2) to discuss the public health benefits of participation in appropriate physical activity during pregnancy. Evidence from recent original ...
Paniccia Rita - - 2002
The measurement of D-dimer in serum samples (s-DD) after standardized coagulation has been reported as a possible single global test for fibrinolysis in unstimulated conditions in healthy subjects and in patients with ischemic heart disease and with different metabolic disorders. No study has been performed on the use of this ...
Fulton Daniel C - - 2002
Reductions in activity of SSIII, the major isoform of starch synthase responsible for amylopectin synthesis in the potato tuber, result in fissuring of the starch granules. To discover the causes of the fissuring, and thus to shed light on factors that influence starch granule morphology in general, SSIII antisense lines ...
Mackin Lesley - - 2002
During the processing of pharmaceutical solids (e.g. milling, spray drying, tablet compaction, wet granulation and lyophilisation), various degrees of disorder in the form of crystal defects and/or amorphous regions may be generated. Even relatively low levels of amorphous material (<10%) may have a detrimental impact on the stability, manufacturability and ...
Beler-Baykal B - - 2002
Efforts for the task of modification of a nitrification/denitrification unit operating in a series of two fixed bed columns are outlined. The problem was elevated dissolved oxygen concentrations at the entrance of the denitrification column, resulting in an excessive consumption of methanol. The possibility of using a column of activated ...
Tachibana Daisuke - - 2002
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is an essential cofactor of nitric oxide synthase as well as a cofactor of aromatic amino acid hydroxylases. However, its role in pregnancy is not yet understood. We evaluated the concentrations of BH4 throughout normal pregnancy and puerperium, and compared them with those of non-pregnant women by measuring ...
Denaburski J - - 2002
The present review article deals with the current knowledge on the most important reasons of quantitative and qualitative losses during breeding and turnover before slaughtering of farm animals. At present, the profitability of every economic activity of people is an indispensable necessity. As regards farm animals there are many factors, ...
- - 2002
The physiologic and morphologic changes of pregnancy may interfere with the ability to engage safely in some forms of physical activity. A woman's overall health, including obstetric and medical risks, should be evaluated before prescribing an exercise program. Generally, participation in a wide range of recreational activities appears to be ...
Borges M H - - 2001
Aqueous extract from Casearia sylvestris leaves, a typical plant from Brazilian open pastures, was able to neutralize the hemorrhagic activity caused by Bothrops asper, Bothrops jararacussu, Bothrops moojeni, Bothrops neuwiedi and Bothrops pirajai venoms. It also neutralized two hemorrhagic metalloproteinases from Bothrops asper venom. Proteolytic activity on casein induced by ...
Buhimschi I A - - 2001
The mechanisms by which pregnancy redistributes cardiac output in an organ-specific manner are poorly understood. We propose that it is consequential to estrogen-mediated alterations in G protein-mediated signal transduction. Aortas and uterine (UAs) and mesenteric arteries (MAs) were obtained from late-pregnant, nonpregnant, or ovariectomized guinea pigs chronically treated with 17beta-estradiol. ...
Alfaidy N - - 2001
In human pregnancy, cortisol and PGs are involved in the onset of labor and play an important role in the mechanisms leading to parturition. Recent studies have shown that at term, cortisol increases PG synthesis and decreases PG metabolism in chorion trophoblast (CT) cells. In CT, 11 beta-hydroxysteroid oxidase type ...
Louro M O - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Conditions not directly related to copper nutriture, such as pregnancy, infections and inflammation, which increase serum copper concentration even during copper deprivation, may be expected to conceal changes in copper status. It has been suggested that the specific enzymatic activity of ceruloplasmin (activity per unit mass of enzyme protein) ...
Mehrotra P K - - 2001
In continuation of an ongoing program on developing nonsteroidal pregnancy interceptives to be used as a menses regulating agent, a new class of compounds belonging to 3-substituted amino-1-aryl-6-hydroxy-hex-2-ene-1-ones series has been investigated for pregnancy interceptive activity in the hamster and rat. The compounds were administered (subcutaneous) on days 4-8 (hamster) ...
Vaitl D - - 2001
Very-low-frequency (VLF) atmospherics or sferics are pulse-shaped alternating electric and magnetic fields which originate from atmospheric discharges (lightning). The objective of the study was threefold: (i) to analyse numerous parameters characterizing the sferics activity with regard to their suitability for field studies, (ii) to identify meteorological processes related to the ...
Benson C - - 2001
NGOs appear to be well placed to play a significant role in natural disaster mitigation and preparedness (DMP), working, as they do, with poorer and marginalised groups in society. However, there is little information on the scale or nature of NGO DMP activities. This paper reports the findings of a ...
Chajara A - - 2001
Hyaluronan (HA) is a glycosaminoglycan found in greatest amounts in the extra-cellular matrix of loose connective tissue. HA has been shown to be closely involved in arterial smooth muscle cell (ASMC) proliferation and migration. No studies have examined the degradation of HA in the vessel wall during proliferation of ASMC. ...
Ries M - - 2001
Our study investigates the effect of fetal and adult soluble fibrin (SF), fetal and adult fibrinogen Aalpha- and gamma-chains, as well as adult CNBr-fibrinogen fragments on tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA)-catalyzed plasminogen activation of both fetal and adult Glu-plasminogen types 1 and 2. In addition, we determined carbohydrate sequences of fetal ...
Prados M - - 2001
Temozolomide (Temodar in the United States, Temodal globally; Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ) has several characteristics that make it appealing for combination therapies: broad-spectrum antitumor activity, the ability to cross the blood-brain barrier, a good safety profile with nonoverlapping toxicities, an oral formulation, and the ability to overcome resistance to nitrosoureas. ...
Tsutsumi K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the activity of cytochrome P4501A2 (CYP1A2), xanthine oxidase (XO), and N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) from early to late pregnancy and after delivery. METHODS: Twelve women were studied on three occasions during pregnancy (early, 8-16 weeks' gestation; middle, 20-28 weeks' gestation; and late, 32-39 weeks' gestation) ...
Henson K L - - 2001
The inducibility of hepatic cytosolic glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) was examined in brown bullheads, a freshwater fish that is highly susceptible to hepatic neoplasia following exposure to carcinogen-contaminated sediments. Juvenile bullheads were fed a semi-purified antioxidant-free diet supplemented with ethoxyquin (0.5% w/w dissolved in 3% corn oil), a prototypical rodent GST-inducing ...
Gonzalez R R - - 2001
Phenotypic changes of integrin and metalloproteinase secretion of the invasive human cytotrophoblast are regulated by cytokines and growth factors, but how this occurs is not completely understood. We used 24-h cytotrophoblast cultures from first trimester pregnancies to investigate the effects of leptin and cytokines on the expression of the alpha2, ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >