Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1280
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Mottola Michelle F - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate determinants of the activity patterns of women prior to pregnancy and factors associated with quitting activities during pregnancy. METHODS: These data arose from a study designed to look at the impact of exercise in pregnancy on birth weight (Campbell and Mottola, 2001). ...
Suda Yasuyuki - - 2003
NAD(+), an essential molecule involved in a variety of cellular processes, is synthesized through de novo and salvage pathways. NAD(+) synthetase catalyses the final step in both pathways. Here we show that this enzyme is encoded by the QNS1 gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Expression of Escherichia coli or Bacillus subtilis ...
Mahmoud Fadia - - 2003
PROBLEM: Toxic anticholinesterases (AC) are known contributors to negative pregnancy outcome. Impairment of detoxification mechanisms may correlate with occurrence of pregnancy disorders in Kuwait. METHOD OF STUDY: Butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), an enzyme which detoxifies AC was evaluated in 18 Kuwaiti women with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), compared with 15 healthy pregnant and ...
Aneja Ritu - - 2003
Gossypol--a male contraceptive is toxic and causes anorexia, reduction in body weight, hypokalemia etc. It prevents liberation of oxygen from oxyhemoglobin and has hemolytic effect on erythrocytes and leads to microcytic hypochromic anemia. SnPP has been shown to either competitively suppress or to significantly ameliorate a variety of naturally occuring ...
- - 2003
The physiologic and morphologic changes of pregnancy may interfere with the ability to engage safely in some forms of physical activity. A woman's overall health, including obstetric and medical risks, should be evaluated before prescribing an exercise program. Generally, participation in a wide range of recreational activities appears to be ...
Bremme Katarina A - - 2003
Normal pregnancy is accompanied by changes in the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems. These include increases in a number of clotting factors (I, II, VII, VIII, IX and XII), a decrease in protein S levels and inhibition of fibrinolysis. As gestation progresses, there is also a significant fall in the activity ...
Sacchi L - - 2003
Intracellular bacteria belonging to the genus Wolbachia have been described in filarial nematodes and these microorganisms appear to have evolved an obligatory mutualistic association with their filarial hosts. In fact, antibiotic treatment leads to the clearance of bacteria from worms resulting in a block in embryogenesis and, eventually, death of ...
Goldman S - - 2003
Degradation of the extracellular matrix in fetal membranes has been implicated in the rupture of fetal membranes, the process of parturition and placental detachment from the decidua after parturition. In this study we assessed labour-associated changes in gelatinase activity in cultured human amnion, chorion and decidua, as well as in ...
Ning Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Despite the well-documented benefits of a physically active lifestyle, over 25% of American adults report that they never engage in regular recreational physical activity. Little is known about the determinants of physical activity among pregnant women. We investigated the predictors of physical activity in 386 normotensive pregnant women. METHODS: ...
McLaughlin Brian E - - 2003
Carbon monoxide (CO), formed during heme oxygenase (HO)-catalyzed oxidation of heme, has been proposed to play a complementary role with nitric oxide in the regulation of placental hemodynamics. The objective of this study was to elucidate HO enzymatic activity and HO-1 (inducible) and HO-2 (constitutive) protein content in the microsomal ...
Sorensen Tanya K - - 2003
The potential benefits and risks of physical activity before and during pregnancy are not well studied. We studied the relation between recreational physical activity and the risk of preeclampsia in a case-control study of 201 preeclamptic and 383 normotensive pregnant women. Participants provided information about the type, intensity, frequency, and ...
Hellgren Margareta - - 2003
During normal pregnancy the hemostatic balance changes in the direction of hypercoagulability, thus decreasing bleeding complications in connection with delivery. The most important initial factor for acute hemostasis at delivery is, however, uterine muscle contractions, which interrupt blood flow. Global tests such as Sonoclot signature, the Thromboelastogram, and a new ...
Rao S - - 2003
To describe the relationship of the mother's physical activity to the birth size of her baby in a rural Indian population. : Prospective observational study. Six villages near Pune, Maharashtra, India. : A total of 797 women were studied after excluding abortions and termination of pregnancies (112), foetal anomalies (8), ...
Sayle Amy E - - 2003
Women recalled their sexual activity during pregnancy in telephone interviews occurring during and after the third trimester, as part of a study of preterm delivery in central North Carolina in 1996-97. This retrospective information was compared with prospective daily records for the same time periods in a subsample of 88 ...
El Ghaouth Ahmed - - 2003
ABSTRACT Treatment of peach fruit with UV-C light caused a rapid induction of chitinase, beta-1,3-glucanase, and phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) activities starting 6 h after treatment and reaching maximum levels at 96 h after treatment. By 96 h after UV-C treatment, chitinase, beta-1,3-glucanase, and PAL activities in UV-C-treated fruit were ...
van Gestel I - - 2003
The non-pregnant uterus shows wave-like activity throughout the menstrual cycle. This uterine activity was first detected using intra-uterine pressure recordings. The use of ultrasound has made it possible to study the movements of the uterus in a non-invasive manner. Throughout the menstrual cycle, several wavelike activity patterns have been described; ...
Scarpaci Carol - - 2003
Managing the activities of commercial wildlife viewing tends to involve either restricting the number of industry participants and/or regulating the activities or industry participants. We report on operator compliance with regulations regarding humans swimming with free-ranging bottlenose dolphins ( Tursiops sp.) in Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, Australia. A total of ...
Bretelle Florence - - 2003
In the present study, we explored the microparticles involved in the control of hemostatic equilibrium, i.e microparticles originating from platelet, endothelial cells and total MP defined as annexin V positive microparticles. Our aim was to analyze the level and procoagulant activity of these microparticles in normal pregnancy and pregnancies complicated ...
Leurs Judith - - 2003
Carboxypeptidase U (CPU,TAFIa) recently gained interest as a significant player in dampening the fibrinolytic rate. The aim of this study was to investigate the time course of the generation of CPU activity during coagulation and fibrinolysis using an in vitro clot lysis model in human plasma. A first peak of ...
Nanthakumar N Nanda - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine whether intestinal xenografts could recapitulate human in utero development by using disaccharidases as markers. Twenty-week-old fetal intestine was transplanted into immunocompromised mice and was followed. At 20-wk of gestation, the fetal human intestine was morphologically developed with high sucrase and trehalase but ...
Schröcksnadel Katharina - - 2003
In mice, activation of indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), an enzyme converting tryptophan to N-formyl-kynurenine, was found to be necessary requirement to achieve immunotolerance against the fetus and thus uncomplicated pregnancy. In plasma from 20 healthy pregnant women with singleton pregnancies we consecutively analyzed kynurenine and tryptophan concentrations during pregnancy (1 specimen at ...
Yang Shihai - - 2003
The effects of exogenously applied gibberellic acid (GA(3)) or brassinolide (BL) on the H(+)-pumps and aquaporin in the vacuolar membrane of rice seedling leaf sheath were investigated. Antibodies against mung bean H(+)-PPase, the B subunit of V-ATPase, and radish tonoplast intrinsic protein (TIP) cross-reacted with the vacuolar membrane proteins of ...
Himma Kenneth Einar - - 2003
I attempt to show that, under materialist assumptions about the nature of mind, it is a necessary condition for fetal personhood that electrical activity has begun in the brain. First, I argue that it is a necessary condition for a thing to be a moral person that it is (or ...
Schröcksnadel Katharina - - 2003
In mice, activation of indoleamine-(2,3)-dioxygenase (IDO), an enzyme converting tryptophan to N-formyl-kynurenine, is required to achieve immunotolerance against the fetus and thus uncomplicated pregnancy. On the other hand, postpartum blues and depression appear to be related to reduced availability of tryptophan and serotonin. In healthy pregnant women with singleton pregnancies ...
Montgomery Kristen S - - 2003
In this column, the author provides examples of Web sites that address exercise and physical activity during pregnancy and the postpartum period.
Horneck G - - 2003
Human missions to Mars are planned to happen within this century. Activities associated therewith will interact with the environment of Mars in two reciprocal ways: (i) the mission needs to be protected from the natural environmental elements that can be harmful to human health, the equipment or to their operations; ...
Rasheed Parveen - - 2003
To find out the level of health awareness related to pregnancy and the sources of information among parous women visiting the Primary Health Centers in Al- Khobar. This is a cross-sectional study conducted at three Primary Health Centers in Al-Khobar during a two-week period in April 2001. Five hundred and ...
Sairafianpour Majid - - 2002
Three unusual, highly oxygenated novel phenylpropanoids (1-3) and two novel isoflavans, 8-prenylmucronulatol (4) and smiranicin (6), were isolated from Smirnowia iranica together with a previously described isoflavan, glyasperin H (5). The structures were established using homo- and heteronuclear two-dimensional NMR experiments. The isoflavans significantly inhibited the growth of extracellular stages ...
Kindzelskii Andrei L - - 2002
Pregnancy is associated with changes in host susceptibility to infections and inflammatory disease. We hypothesize that metabolic enzyme trafficking affects maternal neutrophil activation. Specifically, immunofluorescence microscopy has shown that glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDase), the rate-controlling step of the hexose monophosphate shunt (HMS), is located near the cell periphery in control neutrophils ...
Moriyama Takanori - - 2002
Measurement of activities of urinary (u-PA) and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and analysis of euglobulin lysis times (ELTs) and prekallikrein were performed simultaneously using the plasma of normal pregnant women and nonpregnant women. The activities of plasminogen activators were determined by the method of electrophoretic zymography. The activity of low-molecular-weight ...
Duncan Matthew J - - 2002
Caveolae and lipid rafts are increasingly being recognized as a significant portal of entry into host cells for a wide variety of pathogenic microorganisms. Entry through this mechanism appears to afford the microbes protection from degradation in lysosomes, though the level to which each microbe actively participates in avoiding lysosomal ...
Minakami Hisanori - - 2002
The syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP syndrome) and of acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) do not have an abrupt onset. Thrombocytopenia or reduced antithrombin activity, or both, seen at presentation do not result from these complications. There are a small number of pregnant ...
Kubo Isao - - 2002
A series of alkyl gallates (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoates) was synthesized and tested for their antibacterial activity against Salmonella choleraesuis. Nonyl (C(9)) and octyl (C(8)) gallates were noted to be the most effective against this food-borne bacterium, each with a minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of 12.5 microg/mL, followed by decyl (C(10)) gallate, with ...
Benedetto Chiara - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The possibility that changes in activated protein C anticoagulant activity may contribute to the hemostatic changes associated with pregnancy has been previously investigated, but the results of the studies are still controversial. METHODS: Nine hundred and sixty-one healthy nonpregnant and 711 normal pregnant women who were noncarriers of factor ...
Tanaka Yuhko - - 2002
The behavior of phosphatase isoforms under dark-starvation from plasmodium of Physarum polycephalum were investigated to determine their possible roles in sclerotium formation. Two and a half days after dark-starvation, approximately 95% of plasmodia plates formed sclerotia. Specific phosphatase activity increased markedly up to ca. two-fold within the first day of ...
Evenson Kelly R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal mortality in North America and Europe and a major predictor of neonatal and infant morbidity. Postterm birth is associated with increased infant mortality and morbidity, as well as increased frequency of surgical or induced labor. Because vigorous leisure activity may affect ...
Tokumura Akira - - 2002
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a prototype of the lysophospholipid mediator family and has multiple effects in the female reproductive system. Although several metabolic routes have been reported for intracellular formation of LPA, a unique route involving lysophospholipase D, an extracellular enzyme that produces LPA in blood and body fluids, is ...
Roes Eva Maria - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the plasminogen activator system in maternal and umbilical cord plasma in patients with severe preeclampsia compared with control subjects with normotensive pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Maternal blood was sampled from 42 patients at a median gestational age of 32 weeks; after delivery, ...
Jones D R - - 2002
Acid phosphatase (ACP) has been identified as a potential biomarker for endpoint temperature determination in further-processed poultry. Multiple analyses of the same sample for ACP have produced consistent results. The degree of variation in ACP levels present in different production lots has not been identified. This study was conducted utilizing ...
Qin Xuezhong - - 2002
Serum IGFBP-4 proteolytic activity increases dramatically during human pregnancy and is mainly attributed to the pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A). To understand the regulation and actions of PAPP-A in vivo, we evaluated the utility of a mouse model system. Serum from day-9 and day-17 pregnant mice and age-matched controls was tested ...
Kidani Teruki - - 2002
The synthesis, activity and mass of LPL in adipose tissue were studied in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with prednisolone (PSL) (PSL-treated group) and untreated patients with osteoarthritis (untreated group). LPL activity and mass in the extracts of acetone/ether powder of adipose tissue were 2.4 and 1.6 times, respectively, ...
Sandu Cristinel - - 2002
The function of the MoeA protein in the biosynthesis of the molybdenum cofactor (MoCo) was analyzed in vitro, using purified His(6)-MoeA from Escherichia coli, molybdopterin (MPT) isolated from buttermilk xanthine oxidase and molybdate. The formation of MoCo was monitored by the reconstitution of nitrate reductase activity in extracts of the ...
Liu Tao - - 2002
The syntheses and the pregnancy-terminating activity relationships of compounds -n are reported. Compounds 5b and are found to be more potent than DL-111-a known drug having effective pregnancy-terminating activity in vitro. Further research shows compounds 5b and have the same activity as DL-111 in vivo. We also found an exciting ...
Houthoofd Koen - - 2002
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans responds to unfavourable environmental conditions by arresting development and entering diapause as a dauer larva. Dauers can survive several times the normal life span and the duration of the dauer state has no effect on postdauer life span. This led to the suggestion that dauers are ...
Langer-Gould Annette - - 2002
Women with multiple sclerosis have significantly diminished disease activity during pregnancy. The purpose of our study was to identify the underlying mechanism for the diminished disease activity. We found that during the period of late pregnancy there is protection against paralysis, during both the induction and effector phases of relapsing ...
Picchiottino Christa - - 2002
Many foods contain the unsaturated aldehyde, hexadienal (HX). Human exposure is thus unavoidable. HX feeding to rodents caused cancers only in the forestomach. Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDH) are key enzymes in the metabolism of aldehydes. We examined the distribution of ALDH using HX as the substrate (HXDH) along the GI tract ...
Radaelli T - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is any relationship between the activity of cationic amino acid transporters in the microvillous plasma membrane (MVM) of the syncytiotrophoblast and the oxygenation of the uteroplacental unit. Oxygenation data were obtained at the time of caesarean section from the uterine ...
- - 2002
The physiologic and morphologic changes of pregnancy may interfere with the ability to engage safely in some forms of physical activity. A woman's overall health, including obstetric and medical risks, should be evaluated before prescribing an exercise program. Generally, participation in a wide range of recreational activities appears to be ...
Grozdea Jean - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The normal levels of alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity in maternal serum are virtually the same as those observed in Down syndrome (DS) pregnancies at 14-20 weeks' gestation. Using urea inhibition of AP, we observed an atypical AP isoenzyme in the neutrophils of mothers with trisomy 21 fetuses. AIM: To ...
Carrillo-López Armando - - 2002
The activity of four cell wall hydrolases, pectinmethylesterase (PME), polygalacturonase (PG), cellulase, and beta-galactosidase (beta-Gal), was measured in fruit skins of two prickly pear varieties, Naranjona and Charola, during storage at 18 degrees C and 85-95% relative humidity (RH). In Naranjona (Opuntia ficus indica), of short postharvest life (ca. 2 ...
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