Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1260
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Rodríguez Ileana I - - 2004
As part of an ongoing program to explore the chemical constituents of Caribbean marine invertebrates, a family of 13 new diterpene glycosides, pseudopterosins P-Z (1-11) and seco-pseudopterosins H (12) and I (13), have been isolated from the organic extracts of two collections of the sea whip Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae procured near ...
Zhou Yiqiang - - 2005
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which belong to cytochrome P-450 (CYP)-derived eicosanoids, have been implicated to vasodilate renal arterioles, inhibit sodium transport in the nephron, and regulate blood pressure in several animal models. Because pregnancy is associated with changes of blood pressure, the aim of this study was to examine whether renal ...
Lee Neung-Kee - - 2004
When hesperidin isolated from pericarpium of Citrus unshiu (family Rutaceae) was incubated with human intestinal microflora, its main metabolite was hesperetin, which was a main metabolite in urine of orally hesperidin-administered rats. The antiallergic activity of hesperidin and its metabolite hesperetin were investigated. Hesperidin did not inhibit the histamine release ...
Bergeron Kimberly G - - 2004
The main focus of this review is the management of active and latent tuberculosis in pregnancy in industrialized countries. The review is geared towards the healthcare professional taking care of the obstetric patient. The epidemiology of active and latent tuberculosis in the USA and recommendations for the screening of tuberculosis ...
DesMarais Vera - - 2004
Both the Arp2/3 complex and cofilin are believed to be important for the generation of protrusive force at the leading edge; however, their relative contributions have not been explored in vivo. Our results with living cells show that cofilin enters the leading edge immediately before the start of lamellipod extension, ...
Bujan-Nunez M C - - 2004
Brownian dynamics simulations were performed to determine the first collision and recollision rates of spherical reagent particles in a reaction medium made heterogeneous by the presence of randomly located inert spherical obstacles in a continuum solvent. The recollision rate vp (and hence the overall reactive collision rate when activation energy ...
Jenkin G - - 2004
In this review, our knowledge, gleaned from a range of species, of what determines gestation length, how fetal maturation and birth are synchronized and how the uterotonic mechanisms are activated at birth are discussed. Accumulated data indicate that fetal glucocorticoids are involved in, but do not necessarily play a causative ...
Gimenez Alejandro Piris - - 2004
There is a considerable body of evidence supporting the role of secretory type II-A phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-IIA) as an effector of the innate immune response. This enzyme also exhibits bactericidal activity especially toward Gram-positive bacteria. In this study we examined the ability of sPLA(2)-IIA to kill Bacillus anthracis, the etiological ...
Fulford Jonathan - - 2004
Previous studies have demonstrated the practicality of using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques to assess fetal brain activity. The purpose of this study was to compare the fetal hemodynamic response to that of the adult. Seventeen pregnant subjects, all of whom were at more than 36 weeks gestation were ...
Miyoshi M - - 2004
The objective of this study was to evaluate the distribution and phagocytotic function of macrophages in bovine caruncles during pregnancy. Pregnant Holstein caruncles obtained at a slaughterhouse and by Caesarean section just before the onset of parturition were used. Macrophages in these caruncles were observed immunohistochemically and histochemically. Macrophages were ...
Kellis Eleftherios - - 2004
PURPOSE: To examine knee joint kinematics, electromyographic (EMG) activity patterns and ground reaction forces (GRF) during an instep soccer kick from three different approaches relative to the ball. METHODS: Ten male soccer players performed maximum kicks from 0 rad (K0), 0.81 rad (K45), and 1.62 rad (K90) angle between the ...
Walther Thomas - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of neutral endopeptidase in the turnover of atrial (ANP) and brain (BNP) natriuretic peptides and their N-terminal fragments in human fetal circulation. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Leipzig, Germany. SAMPLE: Nine control pregnancies and nine pregnancies with rhesus ...
DenkbaĊŸ Emir B - - 2004
The aim of this study was the preparation and characterization of chitosan sponges including a model antibiotic (i.e., norfloxacin). The chitosan sponges were prepared by a solvent evaporation method. The matrix was also cross-linked during the preparation. The results indicated that the chitosan sponges were in the fibrillar structure. The ...
Gertsch Jürg - - 2004
The shrub Phyllanthus piscatorum Kunth (Euphorbiaceae) is cultivated by various ethnic groups of the Amazon because of its piscicidal properties. During ethnobotanical fieldwork among the Yanomamï Amerindians in Venezuela we observed that Phyllanthus piscatorum was exclusively cultivated and used by the women. Aerial parts of this herbaceous shrub are employed ...
Huisman M A MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Groningen, CMC V, 4th floor, Y4187, PO Box 30001 Hanzeplein 1, 9700 RB Groningen, The - - 2004
Trophoblast invasion is partly regulated by matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs). Aberrations in MMP-activity in early pregnancy are thought to play a role in the pathophysiology of pregnancy associated conditions like pre-eclampsia and intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR). A direct relation however, has not been published. We tested the hypothesis that MMP activity in ...
Pan Zhen-Qiang - - 2004
This review summarizes recent advances concerning the Nedd8 regulatory pathway in four areas. One, substantial progress has been made in delineating the role of cullin family proteins, the only known substrates of the Nedd8 modification system. Cullins are molecular scaffolds responsible for assembling the ROC1/Rbx1 RING-based E3 ubiquitin ligases, of ...
Stel Vianda S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: First, to validate the LASA Physical Activity Questionnaire (LAPAQ) by a 7-day diary and a pedometer in older persons. Second, to assess the repeatability of the LAPAQ. Third, to compare the feasibility of these methods. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: The study was performed in a subsample (n=439, aged 69-92 ...
Sullivan John T - - 2004
Suspensions of miracidia and cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni were subjected to repeated freeze-thaw cycles and then injected into resistant Salvador strain Biomphalaria glabrata snails. A pronounced increase in the number of mitotic figures, relative to uninjected, sham-injected, or diluent (water)-injected controls, was observed in the amebocyte-producing organ (APO) at 3 ...
dos Santos Elizabeth V M - - 2004
Several molecular parameters for 2,3,5-substituted 1,4-naphthoquinones including 2-aziridinyl and 2,3-aziridinyl-1,4-naphthoquinones with antimalarial activities were obtained with the semi-empirical PM3 method. The descriptor related to the Gibbs free energy of an isodesmic equation defining the reduction of the naphthoquinones was found to have high correlation with activity. The quantitative models reported ...
O'connell Niamh M - - 2004
Factor XI (FXI) deficiency leads to an injury-related bleeding diathesis, which is notable for the variability in the bleeding tendency and the lack of a clear relationship between bleeding and FXI coagulant activity. Bleeding in this disorder occurs especially in areas of high fibrinolytic activity. Although a rare disorder, the ...
Chattipakorn Nipon - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of defibrillation is controversial. Reentry appearing immediately after the shock has been shown to be responsible for defibrillation failure in some studies while other studies have demonstrated that a rapid train of focal activations with the first focus appearing >50 ms after the shock is responsible for ...
Brenner Benjamin - - 2004
In normal pregnancy, there is a marked increase in the procoagulant activity in maternal blood characterized by elevation of factors VII, X, VIII, fibrinogen and von Willebrand factor, which is maximal around term. This is associated with an increase in prothrombin fragments (PF1+2) and thrombin-antithrombin complexes. There is a decrease ...
Chorostowska-Wynimko J - - 2004
Caffeine and its active derivative, theobromine, are probably the most frequently ingested pharmacologically active substances. Considering their uninhibited transport via the placental barrier as well as immature enzymatic activities and metabolic pathways in embryos and infants resulting in the longer half-life of methyloxanthines and their accumulation, unrestrained uptake of these ...
Watanabe Takashi - - 2004
The thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a recently described inhibitor of fibrinolysis. Changes in the concentration of plasma TAFI molecules that are present and functional after activation by thrombin-thrombomodulin complex (TAFI activity) during pregnancy have not previously been studied, and we therefore conducted a present prospective study. Plasma TAFI ...
Malys Naglis - - 2004
Dcs1, the m7GpppX pyrophosphatase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has been reported to 'scavenge' capped 5' end fragments generated by 3'-->5' mRNA degradation. We now show that the absence of Dcs1, and the closely related Dcs2 protein, compromises cellular responses to glucose-deprivation stress as well as to step changes in glucose availability. ...
Ku De-Hui W - - 2003
We studied 33 women during normal uneventful pregnancies and with no history of previous adverse pregnancy events for markers of activated coagulation and thrombin activity including prothrombin fragment 1.2(PF1.2), thrombin- antithrombin (TAT), and soluble fibrin polymer (SFP). In addition, we measured potential thrombin generation through the addition of thromboplastin to ...
Intini Giuseppe - - 2003
MUC7 16-mer (residues 36-51 of human salivary mucin, MUC7) and histatin 5 possess potent in vitro antifungal activity. In the present study, we have evaluated the efficacy of these peptides in vivo using the experimental model of murine vulvo-vaginal candidiasis. The treatment groups included MUC7 16-mer, histatin 5, clotrimazole (all ...
Mora Liliana - - 2003
Release factors RF1 and RF2 recognize stop codons present at the A-site of the ribosome and activate hydrolysis of peptidyl-tRNA to release the peptide chain. Interactions with RF3, a ribosome-dependent GTPase, then initiate a series of reactions that accelerate the dissociation of RF1 or RF2 and their recycling between ribosomes. ...
Brouwer Marius - - 2003
The blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, which uses the copper-dependent protein haemocyanin for oxygen transport, lacks the ubiquitous cytosolic copper-dependent enzyme copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu,ZnSOD) as evidenced by undetectable levels of Cu,ZnSOD activity, protein and mRNA in the hepatopancreas (the site of haemocyanin synthesis) and gills. Instead, the crab has an ...
Buneva V N - - 2003
In human milk we previously found catalytic antibodies (abzymes) catalyzing hydrolysis of DNA, RNA, NMP, NDP, and NTP and also phosphorylation of proteins and lipids. In the present study we have analyzed nuclease activities of antibodies in blood of women during pregnancy and lactation. Blood of healthy male and female ...
Mottola Michelle F - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate determinants of the activity patterns of women prior to pregnancy and factors associated with quitting activities during pregnancy. METHODS: These data arose from a study designed to look at the impact of exercise in pregnancy on birth weight (Campbell and Mottola, 2001). ...
Suda Yasuyuki - - 2003
NAD(+), an essential molecule involved in a variety of cellular processes, is synthesized through de novo and salvage pathways. NAD(+) synthetase catalyses the final step in both pathways. Here we show that this enzyme is encoded by the QNS1 gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Expression of Escherichia coli or Bacillus subtilis ...
Mahmoud Fadia - - 2003
PROBLEM: Toxic anticholinesterases (AC) are known contributors to negative pregnancy outcome. Impairment of detoxification mechanisms may correlate with occurrence of pregnancy disorders in Kuwait. METHOD OF STUDY: Butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), an enzyme which detoxifies AC was evaluated in 18 Kuwaiti women with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), compared with 15 healthy pregnant and ...
Aneja Ritu - - 2003
Gossypol--a male contraceptive is toxic and causes anorexia, reduction in body weight, hypokalemia etc. It prevents liberation of oxygen from oxyhemoglobin and has hemolytic effect on erythrocytes and leads to microcytic hypochromic anemia. SnPP has been shown to either competitively suppress or to significantly ameliorate a variety of naturally occuring ...
- - 2003
The physiologic and morphologic changes of pregnancy may interfere with the ability to engage safely in some forms of physical activity. A woman's overall health, including obstetric and medical risks, should be evaluated before prescribing an exercise program. Generally, participation in a wide range of recreational activities appears to be ...
Bremme Katarina A - - 2003
Normal pregnancy is accompanied by changes in the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems. These include increases in a number of clotting factors (I, II, VII, VIII, IX and XII), a decrease in protein S levels and inhibition of fibrinolysis. As gestation progresses, there is also a significant fall in the activity ...
Sacchi L - - 2003
Intracellular bacteria belonging to the genus Wolbachia have been described in filarial nematodes and these microorganisms appear to have evolved an obligatory mutualistic association with their filarial hosts. In fact, antibiotic treatment leads to the clearance of bacteria from worms resulting in a block in embryogenesis and, eventually, death of ...
Goldman S - - 2003
Degradation of the extracellular matrix in fetal membranes has been implicated in the rupture of fetal membranes, the process of parturition and placental detachment from the decidua after parturition. In this study we assessed labour-associated changes in gelatinase activity in cultured human amnion, chorion and decidua, as well as in ...
Ning Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Despite the well-documented benefits of a physically active lifestyle, over 25% of American adults report that they never engage in regular recreational physical activity. Little is known about the determinants of physical activity among pregnant women. We investigated the predictors of physical activity in 386 normotensive pregnant women. METHODS: ...
McLaughlin Brian E - - 2003
Carbon monoxide (CO), formed during heme oxygenase (HO)-catalyzed oxidation of heme, has been proposed to play a complementary role with nitric oxide in the regulation of placental hemodynamics. The objective of this study was to elucidate HO enzymatic activity and HO-1 (inducible) and HO-2 (constitutive) protein content in the microsomal ...
Sorensen Tanya K - - 2003
The potential benefits and risks of physical activity before and during pregnancy are not well studied. We studied the relation between recreational physical activity and the risk of preeclampsia in a case-control study of 201 preeclamptic and 383 normotensive pregnant women. Participants provided information about the type, intensity, frequency, and ...
Hellgren Margareta - - 2003
During normal pregnancy the hemostatic balance changes in the direction of hypercoagulability, thus decreasing bleeding complications in connection with delivery. The most important initial factor for acute hemostasis at delivery is, however, uterine muscle contractions, which interrupt blood flow. Global tests such as Sonoclot signature, the Thromboelastogram, and a new ...
Rao S - - 2003
To describe the relationship of the mother's physical activity to the birth size of her baby in a rural Indian population. : Prospective observational study. Six villages near Pune, Maharashtra, India. : A total of 797 women were studied after excluding abortions and termination of pregnancies (112), foetal anomalies (8), ...
Sayle Amy E - - 2003
Women recalled their sexual activity during pregnancy in telephone interviews occurring during and after the third trimester, as part of a study of preterm delivery in central North Carolina in 1996-97. This retrospective information was compared with prospective daily records for the same time periods in a subsample of 88 ...
El Ghaouth Ahmed - - 2003
ABSTRACT Treatment of peach fruit with UV-C light caused a rapid induction of chitinase, beta-1,3-glucanase, and phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) activities starting 6 h after treatment and reaching maximum levels at 96 h after treatment. By 96 h after UV-C treatment, chitinase, beta-1,3-glucanase, and PAL activities in UV-C-treated fruit were ...
van Gestel I - - 2003
The non-pregnant uterus shows wave-like activity throughout the menstrual cycle. This uterine activity was first detected using intra-uterine pressure recordings. The use of ultrasound has made it possible to study the movements of the uterus in a non-invasive manner. Throughout the menstrual cycle, several wavelike activity patterns have been described; ...
Scarpaci Carol - - 2003
Managing the activities of commercial wildlife viewing tends to involve either restricting the number of industry participants and/or regulating the activities or industry participants. We report on operator compliance with regulations regarding humans swimming with free-ranging bottlenose dolphins ( Tursiops sp.) in Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, Australia. A total of ...
Bretelle Florence - - 2003
In the present study, we explored the microparticles involved in the control of hemostatic equilibrium, i.e microparticles originating from platelet, endothelial cells and total MP defined as annexin V positive microparticles. Our aim was to analyze the level and procoagulant activity of these microparticles in normal pregnancy and pregnancies complicated ...
Leurs Judith - - 2003
Carboxypeptidase U (CPU,TAFIa) recently gained interest as a significant player in dampening the fibrinolytic rate. The aim of this study was to investigate the time course of the generation of CPU activity during coagulation and fibrinolysis using an in vitro clot lysis model in human plasma. A first peak of ...
Nanthakumar N Nanda - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine whether intestinal xenografts could recapitulate human in utero development by using disaccharidases as markers. Twenty-week-old fetal intestine was transplanted into immunocompromised mice and was followed. At 20-wk of gestation, the fetal human intestine was morphologically developed with high sucrase and trehalase but ...
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