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Watson Hunna J HJ Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; Eating Disorders Program, Specialised Child and Adolescent Health Service, Department of Health in Western Australia, Perth, Australia; Centre for Clinical Interventions, Department of Health in Western Australia, Perth, Australia; School of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia; School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, - - 2014
The aim of this paper was to internally validate previously reported relations (Knoph Berg et al., Aust N Z J Psychiatry, 42, 396-404, 2008) between psychosocial factors and bulimia nervosa (BN) outcomes during pregnancy. This study is based on the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) conducted by the ...
Blumer Ian I Charles H Best Diabetes Centre, Adult Programme, Ajax, Ontario, L1S 7K8, - - 2014
We would like to thank Drs Kalra and Gupta for their kind and thoughtful words (1) regarding our recently published Endocrine Society Diabetes and Pregnancy Clinical Practice Guideline (2) and we are pleased to comment on several of their observations. The few points from our guideline to which they take ...
DeCesare Julie Z JZ OBGYN Residency Program, Florida State University College of Medicine, Pensacola, Florida, - - 2014
With increased access to care, current health delivery systems will need expansion to meet higher demands and needs. To define Centering Pregnancy and practical tips for implementation into both private and academic practices. Evidence was gathered through literature reviews. It was found that Centering Pregnancy offers a patient-centered, evidence-based approach ...
Cipriani Gabriele G Neurology Unit, Hospital of Viareggio, Lido di Camaiore, Lucca, Italy - - 2014
Delusions can complicate practically all brain disorders. They may be dramatic and bizarre. An example is the so-called delusion of pregnancy. To identify the characteristic of a psychotic symptom, the phenomenon of delusion of pregnancy, in the context of dementia. MEDLINE and Google Scholar searches were conducted for relevant articles, ...
Montgomery Tiffany M - - 2014
Adolescent pregnancy is a concern among many women's health practitioners. While it is practical and appropriate to work to prevent adolescent pregnancy by educating adolescents in health care clinics, schools and adolescent-friendly community-based organizations, suggesting and supporting legislative efforts to reduce adolescent pregnancy can help address the issue on an ...
Benagiano Giuseppe G Department of Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Urology, Sapienza University, Rome, - - 2014
A dispute has recently emerged whether early descriptions exist of the condition we name endometriosis. A first question is: 'Who identified endometriosis?' To respond, two non-complementary methods have been employed: searching for ancient descriptions of symptoms associated with endometriosis or, alternatively, identifying researchers who described pathological features we associate with ...
Mian D B - - 2014
Amniotic band syndrome (ABS) is a fetal congenital malformation, affecting mainly the limbs, but also the craniofacial area and internal organs. Two mains pathogenic mechanisms are proposed in its genesis. Firstly the early amnion rupture (exogenous theory) leading to fibrous bands, which wrap up the fetal body; secondly, the endogenous ...
Ifteni Petru P Faculty of Medicine, Transilvania University, Brasov, Romania ; Psychiatry and Neurology Hospital, Brasov, - - 2014
Women with schizophrenia have a high risk for symptom exacerbation or relapse during pregnancy and thereafter. Relapses are more frequent when antipsychotics are discontinued. This paper describes the case of a 28-year old woman with schizophrenia who continued treatment with olanzapine during the first trimester. Olanzapine, a second-generation antipsychotic, was ...
Thijssen A A Genk Institute for Fertility Technology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, Schiepse Bos 6, 3600 Genk, Belgium. ; Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Martelarenlaan 42, 3500 Hasselt, - - 2014
Fertility awareness based methods (FABMs) can be used to ameliorate the likelihood to conceive. A literature search was performed to evaluate the relationship of cervical mucus monitoring (CMM) and the day-specific -pregnancy rate, in case of subfertility. A MEDLINE search revealed a total of 3331 articles. After excluding articles based ...
Burger Ingrid M - - 2012
The purpose of this presentation is to illustrate that the high-amplitude reflecting structures in the fetal and neonatal brain can be explained by the echogenicity of their leptomeningeal coverings or leptomeningeal origins. The leptomeninges, especially the pia mater, constitute the "grand unifying theory of bright reflectors" in the fetal and ...
Psychoyos Delphine D Center for Environmental and Genetic Medicine, Institute of Biosciences and Technology, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2013
Marijuana is the most widely used illicit drug by pregnant women in the world. In utero exposure to Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ⁹-THC), a major psychoactive component of marijuana, is associated with an increased risk for anencephaly and neurobehavioural deficiencies in the offspring, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), learning disabilities, and memory ...
Favorito L A - - 2012
Aims: Foreskin development begins at twelfth gestational week through a circular invagination of the ectoderm in the glandular periphery that grows ventrally and totally involves the glans around the twentieth gestational week. Studies of foreskin formation chronology and its histological constituents in human fetuses are rare. The objective of this ...
Uihlein Lily Changchien - - 2012
1.Review the key features of the life cycle of infantile hemangiomas.2.Highlight cellular and molecular pathways involved in hemangioma-genesis.3.Discuss theories that may account for hemangioma-genesis.In the past, it was believed that a mother's visual impressions or behavior during pregnancy caused the growth of infantile hemangioma in her unborn child. She might ...
Al-Tawfiq Jaffar A - - 2012
Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection caused by Brucella spp. In endemic countries, the disease does not spare the pregnant. There is evidence that brucellosis can induce abortion in humans. Positive cultures of brucella from human placenta, aborted fetuses, and other products of conception were reported previously. It is speculated that ...
Solecki Roland - - 2012
This article summarizes the 7(th) Workshop on the Terminology in Developmental Toxicology held in Berlin, May 4-6, 2011. The series of Berlin Workshops has been mainly concerned with the harmonization of terminology and classification of fetal anomalies in developmental toxicity studies. The main topics of the 7(th) Workshop were knowledge ...
Rutherford Julienne N - - 2012
Nonhuman primates offer unique opportunities as animal models in the study of developmental programming and the role of the placenta in developmental processes. All primates share fundamental similarities in life history and reproductive biology. Thus, insights gleaned from studies of nonhuman primates have a higher degree of biological salience to ...
Davis Esther F - - 2012
Pre-eclampsia is increasingly recognized as more than an isolated disease of pregnancy. Women who have had a pregnancy complicated by pre-eclampsia have a 4-fold increased risk of later cardiovascular disease. Intriguingly, the offspring of affected pregnancies also have an increased risk of higher blood pressure and almost double the risk ...
Conover Elizabeth Ann - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is ongoing debate about the risks to the fetus associated with maternal binge drinking. This makes it difficult to counsel patients about the potential risks associated with their use of alcohol during pregnancy. METHODS: This article reviews the literature on animal and human studies regarding binge drinking (four ...
Fritzsche Juliane - - 2012
Metal-on-metal bearings frequently are used in young patients leading to the concern that disseminated metals such as chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) as the main constituents could affect pregnancies. We describe a 41-year-old patient with bilateral metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties, a recurrent pseudotumor, and extremely high blood levels (Cr 39 μg/L, ...
Giavini Erminio - - 2012
Biomarkers of effect are measurable biochemical, physiological or other alterations within an organism that can be recognized as causing an established or potential impairment of embryo-fetal development. They may be identified studying the mechanisms of action of teratogens. Hyperacetylation of histones, oxidative stress, cholesterol and retinoic acid unbalance are some ...
Przystańska Agnieszka - - 2012
In the past few decades, a number of studies have reported that accessory foramina are located on the internal aspect of the mandible, indicating their potential importance for effective and successful clinical procedures. The aim of this study is to evaluate adult, infantile, and fetal human mandibles for occurrence of ...
Young Sharon M - - 2012
The absence of human placentophagy, the maternal consumption of the afterbirth, is puzzling given its ubiquity and probable adaptive value in other mammals. We propose that human fire use may have led to placentophagy avoidance in our species. In our environment of evolutionary adaptedness, gravid women would likely have been ...
Scharfe-Nugent Andrea - - 2012
Preterm birth, the major cause of neonatal mortality in developed countries, is associated with intrauterine infections and inflammation, although the exact mechanisms underlying this event are unclear. In this study, we show that circulating fetal DNA, which is elevated in pregnancies complicated by preterm labor or preeclampsia, triggers an inflammatory ...
Tyl Rochelle W - - 2012
Maternal mammalian toxicity impacts prenatal development, with general systemic maternal toxicity, from reduced weight gain to morbidity, causative for reduced fetal weights/litter and increased fetal variations (especially skeletal)/litter, but not, in the author's opinion, for increased fetal malformations, reduced litter sizes or full litter losses. Increased fetal malformations are likely ...
Adamo Kristi B - - 2012
Child obesity is a global epidemic whose development is rooted in complex and multi-factorial interactions. Once established, obesity is difficult to reverse and epidemiological, animal model, and experimental studies have provided strong evidence implicating the intrauterine environment in downstream obesity. This review focuses on the interplay between maternal obesity, gestational ...
Lu G - - 2012
The physiological changes that occur in the maternal body and the placental-foetal unit during pregnancy influence the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) of xenobiotics. These include drugs that are prescribed for therapeutic reasons or chemicals to which women are exposed unintentionally from the surrounding environment. The pregnancy physiologically-based pharmacokinetic ...
Li Xiao-Di - - 2012
The potential harmful effects of caffeine in pregnant women aroused public interests due to its possibility to jeopardize fetal development. Monoamine neurotransmitters are thought to regulate neural development processes through maternal-fetal interactions, which may have long term impact on mental and behavioral effects. The current study focuses on investigating the ...
Lenhart Patricia M PM Department of Cell & Molecular Physiology, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2012
A healthy pregnancy requires strict coordination of genetic, physiologic and environmental factors. The relatively common incidence of infertility and pregnancy complications has resulted in increased interest in understanding the mechanisms that underlie normal versus abnormal pregnancy. The peptide hormone adrenomedullin (AM) has recently been the focus of some exciting breakthroughs ...
Palanisamy A - - 2012
It is clear from animal studies that commonly used anesthetic agents affect early brain development both histologically and functionally. With human epidemiologic evidence suggesting an association between anesthesia and surgery early in life and late-onset learning disabilities, investigators have focused their attention on the subtle long-term effects of anesthesia exposure. ...
Kusters D Meeike DM Department of Vascular Medicine of the Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2012
Statins enjoy widespread acceptance as effective drugs to reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with and without cardiovascular disease, and are considered safe for long-term use. However, these compounds are contraindicated during pregnancy based on their potential teratogenic effects. Owing to the increasing number of young women eligible for statin ...
Cook Rebecca J - - 2012
Recent decisions of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and the High Court of Delhi have shown how the pregnancy-related deaths of individual women have been bases on which these authoritative tribunals have held Brazil, Paraguay, and India respectively accountable ...
Abi-Nader Khalil N - - 2012
Large animal experiments are vital in the field of prenatal gene therapy, to allow translation from small animals into man. Sheep provide many advantages for such experiments. They have been widely used in research into fetal physiology and pregnancy and the sheep fetus is a similar size to that in ...
Rosenbusch B - - 2012
Conjoined oocytes derived from binovular follicles have been suspected to play a role in producing dizygotic twins, mosaicism, tetraploidy or chimeras. This issue is discussed by presenting three examples for conjoined oocytes observed in our programme of human assisted reproduction and by including a review of corresponding cases. Our material ...
Yamashita Kohei - - 2012
A diverse array of nanomaterials (NMs) such as amorphous nanosilica and carbon nanotubes have become widespread in use due to the development of nanotechnology. NMs are already being applied in universal fields because they have unique physicochemical properties. On the other hand, the increasing use of NMs has raised public ...
Koga Takayuki - - 2012
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), an endocrine disruptor, causes reproductive and developmental toxic effects in pups following maternal exposure in a number of animal models. Our previous studies have demonstrated that TCDD imprints sexual immaturity by suppressing the expression of fetal pituitary gonadotropins, the regulators of gonadal steroidogenesis. In the present study, we ...
Zhou Kaiyu - - 2012
Intrauterine balloon aortic valvuloplasty (IUBAV) has been used for critical aortic stenosis. However, it is necessary to determine the fetal impairments such as preterm birth after this approach and to find a way to prevent or reduce them. In the present study, we evaluated the therapeutic value of indomethacin (IDM) ...
Hyslop Louise L Newcastle Fertility Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, United - - 2012
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) and related technologies are arguably the most challenging of all cell culture applications. The starting material is a single cell from which one aims to produce an embryo capable of establishing a pregnancy eventually leading to a live birth. Laboratory processing during IVF treatment requires open ...
Khankin Eliyahu V - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to define the ultrasonographic changes in the cardiovascular and uteroplacental circulation of normal pregnant mice compared to non-pregnant mice using high-frequency, high-resolution ultrasonography. METHODS: Ten to twelve-week-old CD-1 mice (six non-pregnant and six pregnant animals) were used for all experiments. Vevo® 2100 (VisualSonics) ...
Gaberšček Simona - - 2011
During pregnancy and after delivery, the maternal thyroid gland faces several metabolic, hemodynamic and immunologic changes. In this article we first summarize the current knowledge on the physiologic adaptation of the healthy thyroid to pregnancy, including variations of thyroid-stimulating hormone and free thyroid hormones, as well as variations of thyroid ...
Cepni Ismail - - 2011
To present 13 cases of unruptured tubal ectopic pregnancies successfully treated with ultrasound-guided aspiration and local and systemic methotrexate (MTX) administration. Case series. University hospital. Thirteen women with an unruptured tubal ectopic pregnancy. Transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration of the tubal ectopic pregnancy followed by MTX administration into the gestational sac (half ...
Elwatidy Sherif - - 2011
Background. The management of brain lesions diagnosed during pregnancy is challenging to both obstetricians and neurosurgeons. In this study, a series of nine pregnant women were admitted to neurosurgery presenting with different acute brain lesions. Objective. To establish guidelines for the management of acute brain lesions that present during pregnancy. Patients ...
Goldman Alexander M - - 2011
It is characterized by chemical and sometimes clinical hyperthyroidism, without evidence of thyroid autoimmunity that resolves spontaneously by 16 weeks gestation without significant obstetrical complications.
Ito Takuya - - 2011
Maternal undernutrition and infection during pregnancy may impair development of oligodendrocytes, thereby increasing risks of neuropsychiatric disorders of their children. We analyzed the effects of those risk factors on oligodendrogenesis in fetal and neonatal brains. Female mice were given low-protein or regular food for 2 weeks before their pregnancy. On ...
Vaughan O R OR Centre for Trophoblast Research, Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EG, UK. - - 2011
Environmental conditions during pregnancy determine birthweight, neonatal viability and adult phenotype in human and other animals. In part, these effects may be mediated by the placenta, the principal source of nutrients for fetal development. However, little is known about the environmental regulation of placental phenotype. Generally, placental weight is reduced ...
Han S N - - 2010
Breast cancer during pregnancy is relatively uncommon. However, the incidence is expected to increase as more women delay childbearing. A challenging situation emerges for all persons involved ‑ patient, family and medical care workers ‑ since two lives are at risk with contradicting priorities. Breast cancer treatment is possible during ...
Amant Frédéric - - 2010
To provide guidance for clinicians about the diagnosis, staging and treatment of breast cancer occurring during an otherwise uncomplicated pregnancy. An international expert Panel convened to address a series of questions identified by a literature review and personal experience. Issues relating to the diagnosis and management of breast cancer after ...
Jarrett R - - 2010
Rosacea fulminans (RF) is a rare facial dermatosis characterized by the sudden onset of severe facial inflammation consisting of numerous pustules, cystic swellings and coalescing sinuses. The standard treatment is the retinoid drug isotretinoin in combination with systemic corticosteroids or with high-dose oral tetracycline antibiotics. We report three recent cases ...
McIntosh Crystal L - - 2010
Increased hormone levels that are present during puberty and pregnancy are associated with localized or generalized gingival enlargement. This article reviews the gingival alterations that can occur during pregnancy and describes a case of generalized severe gingival enlargement associated with pregnancy and its management. A 36-year-old woman had severe bilateral ...
Shirakawa Sachiyo - - 2010
Pancreatic neoplasms during pregnancy are rare. We describe two cases of mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) associated with pregnancy. A 34-year-old woman in the 26th week of pregnancy was given a diagnosis of MCN measuring 19 cm in diameter. We decided to resect it post partum in consideration of the risk ...
El Marroun H - - 2011
To verify self-reported information on prenatal drug use in urine because reporting in pregnancy is sensitive to stigma and might lead to misclassification. Using semiquantitative immunochemical analysis, the presence of the urinary metabolite (11-nor-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol- 9-carboxylic acid) was compared to self-reported prenatal cannabis use. Sensitivity and specificity for self-report and urinalysis ...
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