Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 572
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Fisch R O - - 1993
Maternal phenylketonuria, PKU, has a detrimental effect on embryogenesis. Infant pathology is independent of fetal genotype, but is directly correlated with excessive phenylalaninaemia throughout pregnancy. Although normal children have been delivered by affected mothers who either had benign hyperphenylalaninaemia or in whom strict diet has apparently maintained maternal phenylalaninaemia in ...
Ashmead G G - - 1993
The maternal-fetal relationship of metabolic substrates was examined in 12 mothers undergoing cordocentesis for clinical reasons between 23 and 36 weeks' gestation. Twenty cordocentesis procedures were performed. Blood glucose, insulin, beta-hydroxybutyrate, glycerol and lactate were measured in simultaneously obtained maternal and fetal samples. There was a linear correlation between fetal ...
Fauveau V - - 1993
Maternal tetanus, defined as tetanus occurring during pregnancy or within 6 weeks after any type of pregnancy termination, is one of the most easily preventable causes of maternal mortality. It includes postpartum or puerperal tetanus resulting from septic procedures during delivery, postabortal tetanus resulting from septic abortion and tetanus incidental ...
Kecskemethy H H - - 1993
Maternal phenylketonuria (PKU) represents a high risk for birth defects, including mental retardation, in offspring. Thus, it could cancel gains represented by the prevention of PKU-induced mental retardation in the current generation. Effective dietary treatment of maternal PKU pregnancies could avoid this potentially tragic occurrence. However, dietary compliance is often ...
Levy H L - - 1992
Two children, one with phenylketonuria (PKU) and the other nonphenylketonuric, from untreated pregnancies in a mother with PKU provided the opportunity to compare the degree of damage from maternal PKU between these genotypically different fetuses. Both the phenylketonuric offspring and her nonphenylketonuric sib were microcephalic at birth and had congenital ...
Fleming A S - - 1992
While the onset of maternal behavior at parturition is mediated by hormones, the maintenance of maternal behavior during the first few postpartum weeks depends on experiences acquired while the dam interacts with pups (Rosenblatt, 1990). In fact, if female rats are permitted as little as 2 h or maternal experience ...
Ober C - - 1992
Although the mechanisms by which the fetal allograft escapes rejection are still poorly understood, abundant evidence has accumulated suggesting multiple roles for major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes in pregnancy. Specific maternal MHC genotypes and maternal-fetal histocompatibility have been associated with recurrent spontaneous abortion, decreased fecundity, segregation distortions, altered sex ratios, ...
King N M - - 1991
The problem of maternal-fetal conflict presents both ethical and legal challenges to birth attendants as well as to policymakers. This essay suggests that a crisis intervention approach to such conflicts fosters an adversarial view of the relationship between the pregnant woman and her fetus, which can be divisive and counterproductive. ...
Wachtel S - - 1991
During pregnancy, nucleated fetal erythrocytes enter the maternal circulation and can be isolated efficiently from the maternal cells by multiparameter flow cytometry. Male DNA, implying presence of a male fetus, can be identified in flow-sorted maternal blood by polymerase chain reaction with oligonucleotide primers flanking single-copy Y-specific DNA sequences. Among ...
Wright D W - - 1991
Variance and covariance components were estimated for weaning weight from Senepol field data for use in the reduced animal model for a maternally influenced trait. The 4,634 weaning records were used to evaluate 113 sires and 1,406 dams on the island of St. Croix. Estimates of direct additive genetic variance ...
Lee W - - 1991
Maternal cardiorespiratory changes can hinder satisfactory evaluation of gravid women. Alterations in the maternal cardiorespiratory system may be further modified by pain, labor, surgery, maternal posture, and gestational age. Critical illness during pregnancy demands an aggressive multidisciplinary approach by health care professionals who are familiar with these changes. This article ...
Khera K S - - 1991
Possible relationships between maternal acid-base-electrolyte imbalance, histological changes in the maternal/extraembryonic tissues (decidua, placenta, membranes enclosing cavities), and fetal anomalies induced by maternotoxic doses of ethylene glycol, sodium salicylate, and cadmium chloride in rats were investigated. Acid-base-electrolyte, histologic and, teratologic studies were conducted concurrently with, as far as feasible, a ...
Hoff W S - - 1991
Trauma complicates 6 to 7 per cent of all pregnancies, but fetal demise secondary to maternal trauma occurs much less frequently. This study was done to analyze the incidence of fetal demise as a function of 21 maternal characteristics determined within the first 24 hours after trauma. Nine instances of ...
Swain S - - 1991
Two hundred and forty seven pregnant women at term and their offsprings were studied. Maternal skinfold thickness was measured from ten different sites and newborn skinfold thickness was measured from four different sites in each set of cases. Maternal skinfold thickness was positively correlated with the birthweight and skinfold thickness ...
Phelan E A - - 1991
This study surveyed 15 Boston area hospitals in order to assess the existence and nature of maternity leave policies at these institutions. In addition, it examined attitudes of administrators, program directors, and residents regarding pregnancy in women residents. Sixty-six percent of the hospitals surveyed had written policies specific to maternity ...
Boldsen J L - - 1990
Analyses of the height variation in a large contemporary British sample found evidence for maternal inheritance of female height, because the mother-daughter correlation coefficient was significantly higher than the father-daughter value. Further evidence for a maternal effect came from the comparison of the daughter's stature with the difference in parental ...
Mayer A D - - 1990
A 16-day treatment of nonpregnant, ovariectomized rats using 5-mm Silastic implants of estradiol (E), daily injections of 4 mg of progesterone (P), and terminal injections of 5 micrograms/kg of estradiol benzoate (EB) to provide a pregnancy-like pattern of hormone exposure, stimulates (a) home-cage aggression toward unfamiliar intruder rats, (b) short-latency ...
Danielsson B R - - 1990
The distribution of mercury after inhalation of metallic mercury vapour (6-8 mumols 203Hg0/kg b.wt.) was studied in pregnant mice (day 17 of gestation) after pretreatment with selenite (10 mumols Se/kg b.wt. intraperitoneally 1 hr before inhalation), thiram, disulfiram or diethyldithiocarbamate (1 mmol/kg orally 2 hr before inhalation of Hg0). For ...
Spirt B A - - 1990
In 1987 to obtain information regarding pregnancy and maternity leave policies in academic and private radiology departments, the American Association of Women Radiologists (AAWR) surveyed academic and private diagnostic radiology departments and academic radiation oncology departments in the United States and Canada. One hundred thirty-one diagnostic radiology departments and 30 ...
Kurzel R B - - 1990
This is the third case reported of maternal acetaminophen overdose during pregnancy. Such overdose may be associated with maternal liver toxicity. Fetal hepatotoxicity may be seen in association with maternal hepatotoxicity. As a result, the infant's blood coagulation times may be prolonged, and intracranial hemorrhage at delivery is a concern. ...
Burkett G - - 1990
Hemodynamic overload, cardiac ischemia, and arrhythmia are postulated to originate from "sex-cocaine" syndrome resulting in maternal and fetal death. High concentrations of cocaine and metabolites in maternal blood, urine, and nasal secretions confirmed recent ingestion. Changes in the maternal life-style may have contributed to the poor pregnancy outcome.
Farmer D L - - 1990
Conventional surgical wisdom is that fetal death is a predictable consequence of severe maternal injury. In order to define the natural history of maternal-fetal trauma and better formulate management strategies, we reviewed our recent experience with 32 cases of maternal trauma at a major trauma center. There were three cases ...
Sorell T L - - 1990
To study the effect of cadmium exposure on maternal and fetal zinc metabolism, rats were exposed to 0, 5, 50, or 100 ppm Cd in the drinking water on Days 6 through 20 of pregnancy. In comparison to controls, fetal and maternal weights were slightly reduced in the 50- and ...
Woody R C - - 1990
We report the association of telencephalic dysgeneses (expected to occur around week 6 of gestation) with presumptive maternal carbon monoxide intoxication. This case supports the hypothesis that carbon monoxide intoxication at critical periods of human brain development may lead not only to decreased brain size and hypoxic-ischemic lesions, but also ...
Güttler F - - 1990
A survey is given of literature reports on the effect of performance in offspring from 26 maternal PKU pregnancies treated prior to conception. The survey includes two women who were referred to us for genetic counselling because they had both given birth to microcephalic, mentally retarded children. The women were ...
Miller G - - 1990
Maternal reproductive histories of fetal wastage in 36 cases of ataxic cerebral palsy and in a control group of 60 mothers were compared. There was no significant difference between the groups. A history of fetal loss did not accompany this cerebral palsy syndrome where prenatal factors play an important role.
Snyder J L - - 1990
A critical review of the current literature on aerobic exercise during pregnancy shows a lack of conclusive evidence supporting either the safety or danger of exercise to the fetal-maternal unit. There is no clinically significant effect on fetal outcome. The recommendations of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists are ...
Grace J T - - 1989
The Maternal-Fetal Attachment Scale (MFAS) was administered monthly to gravidas (N = 69) from the onset of prenatal care until delivery. Individual total and subscale scores across gestation were relatively stable, with the weakest correlations occurring between 16-week gestation scores and subsequent measures. Total MFAS and subscales scores, except Giving ...
Paton J B - - 1989
We examined the effects of maternal sodium beta-hydroxybutyrate (NaBOHB) on the primate fetus to investigate the impact of ketosis not associated with acidosis on fetal metabolism. After a loading dose (600 mg/kg), NaBOHB was infused for 70 min (300 mg/kg.hr) into the maternal femoral vein of eight pregnant baboons, and ...
Lerum C W - - 1989
In a study of maternal-fetal attachment we explored three variables that could influence such attachment: maternal age, the experience of quickening, and the physical symptoms of pregnancy. A convenience sample of 80 pregnant women filled out the Cranley maternal-fetal attachment scale and the pregnancy symptoms checklist. Maternal age and physical ...
Meneguz A - - 1989
Previous work in this laboratory showed that during intoxication of rats with diisopropyl fluorophosphate at day 20 of pregnancy the recovery of ChE activity was faster in fetal than in maternal brain. In the present study the differences between recovery rats in dam and fetus brain were evaluated in terms ...
Clark K E - - 1988
Studies with pregnant sheep are reviewed, which were designed to investigate whether short-term episodes of maternal hyperglycemia or hyperketonemia were detrimental to the fetus, whether ketones can cross the ovine placenta, and whether the combination of maternal hyperglycemia and hyperketonemia would contribute to an increased risk of fetal morbidity. It ...
Bartle E J - - 1988
A study conducted by the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center Burn Center of 42 burned pregnant patients indicates that the mortality of both the fetus and mother is dependent upon the percent body burn of the mother. Aggressive surgical therapy, including debridement with eschar excision and skin grafting, increases ...
Stellato T A - - 1988
Hyperemesis gravidarum affects both maternal and fetal well-being by reducing maternal vascular volume (normally increased with pregnancy) and depleting maternal nutritional stores. Severe intractable hyperemesis may result in fetal demise. This report documents the ability to maintain maternal fluid and nutritional requirements during first trimester pregnancy in a female with ...
Fung K P - - 1988
Partial and multiple regression analysis was performed to find out the correlation between birthweight and maternal anthropometric variables. Pearson regression analysis revealed significant dependence of birthweight on gestation of pregnancy, maternal weight, symphysis-sternal distance and height, but not on armspan and skin thickness. However, the only maternal variable bearing significant ...
Bozzetti P - - 1988
The relationship between maternal and fetal glucose concentrations was investigated in pregnant women at different gestational ages. Maternal and fetal blood samples were obtained during 14 fetoscopies (17 to 21 weeks), four umbilical cord samples (32 to 36 weeks), nine elective cesarean sections with appropriate for gestational age (AGA) fetuses ...
Davis F C FC Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville - - 1988
During development, the circadian rhythms of rodents become entrained to rhythmicity of the mother. Rhythms in behavior and in neuroendocrine function are regulated by a circadian pacemaker thought to be located within the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. Evidence indicates that this pacemaker begins to function and to be ...
Anderson D M - - 1988
Maternal and cord blood 25-hydroxy vitamin D concentrations are positively and significantly correlated. If an easily obtainable maternal dietary history could be used to predict maternal and secondarily cord blood vitamin D status, it would be a useful means of assessing the vitamin D adequacy of the newborn. Therefore, a ...
- - 1988
The British Columbia Supreme Court held that discrimination on the basis of pregnancy constitutes sex discrimination under the Human Rights Act, even though it is not discrimination against all women. The case involved a woman whose offer of employment as a secretary was withdrawn when her employer learned that she ...
Kronick J B - - 1987
Maternal hyperphenylalaninemia (HPH) due to deficient phenylalanine (Phe) hydroxylation is a recognized human teratogen associated with an increased incidence of intrauterine growth retardation, microcephaly, congenital heart disease, and mental retardation. There are no previous reports of experimental HPH during organogenesis. Sustained HPH was produced in pregnant guinea pigs by adding ...
Jemiolo B - - 1987
Mouse urine samples from different pregnancy and lactation periods were examined by capillary gas chromatography to assess variations in the volatile signals that may affect the endocrine function of other females. Statistically significant changes in the excretion of certain urinary volatiles were observed; from 26 readily quantifiable constituents, 14 appear ...
Leung A K - - 1987
A newborn infant with an extensive port-wine stain born to a mother who was taking lithium carbonate in the first trimester of pregnancy is described. The use of lithium carbonate in pregnant or potentially pregnant women is cautioned.
Jazwinska E C - - 1987
Several studies have supported the hypothesis that the maternal immune response to incompatible paternal HLA antigens present on the conceptus may influence pregnancy outcome. In order to relate feto-maternal histocompatibility directly to pregnancy course and characteristics, complete HLA-A, B and DR types were obtained from 132 healthy family groups consisting ...
Hanley W B - - 1987
This review points out the very high incidence of damage to the fetus in untreated maternal phenylketonuria (PKU). In classical cases, 92% of the offspring are mentally retarded, 73% have microcephaly, 40% are growth retarded at birth, and 12% have congenital anomalies. Less severe types of PKU and its variants ...
Lemons J A - - 1987
Nitrogen flux across the hindquarters of fetal and maternal sheep (n = 15) was determined during normal feeding and following 5 days of maternal fasting. Arterial and venous whole blood concentrations of free amino acids, ammonia and oxygen were measured entering and exiting the hindquarters. Further, the DNA, protein and ...
Reppert S M - - 1987
The roles of the maternal suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) and fetal brain in the circadian-gated timing of birth were studied in rats. The circadian gating of birth was shown by exposing different groups of dams to lighting cycles of opposite phase during pregnancy. Regardless of the phase of the prenatal lighting ...
Rodis J F - - 1987
Reported is a case of maternal hypothermia associated with magnesium sulfate therapy for treatment of preterm labor. Hypothermia was accompanied by fetal and maternal bradycardia. After discontinuation of magnesium sulfate infusion, maternal temperature, pulse, and fetal heart rate gradually returned to normal. No adverse effects were noted on either maternal ...
Sachs B P - - 1987
Normal pregnancy is characterized by a compensated respiratory alkalosis. The effect of maternal alkalosis on the fetus is less well understood than the more common problem of maternal acidosis. We present a case of maternal alkalosis, complicated by bronchial asthma, in which the fetus was stillborn. The pathophysiology of this ...
DeSesso J M - - 1987
The maternal organism provides the developing embryo with its physical environment, nutrients, and a mechanism for eliminating metabolic wastes. Since the physiological state of the pregnant female affects her ability to provide those requirements for the developing embryo, it is not surprising that there are maternal factors that can affect ...
Schardein J L - - 1987
Maternal and developmental toxicities reported in the literature were examined in an attempt to define more clearly their relationship. Relationships were difficult to ascertain because maternal toxicity end points are not clearly defined, or even assessed, in every study. However, maternal toxicity accompanied by developmental toxicity is the most common ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >