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Pandey Shilpi - - 2012
BACKGROUNDEarlier reviews have suggested that IVF/ICSI pregnancies are associated with higher risks. However, there have been recent advances in the way IVF/ICSI is done, leading to some controversy as to whether IVF/ICSI singletons are associated with higher perinatal risks. The objective of this systematic review was to provide an up-to-date ...
Watson Lyndsey F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: to provide an accessible list of individual and population-based risk factors associated with very preterm birth to assist care providers in planning appropriate pregnancy care. DESIGN: a population-based case-control study. SETTING: Victoria, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: women were recruited from April 2002 to 2004. Cases had a singleton birth between 20 ...
Cohain Judy Slome - - 2012
The belief that hospital birth for low risk pregnancies has better outcomes than planned, attended homebirth is an urban legend. The choice of low-risk women to deliver in hospital is a result of the dominant and irrational human propensities to gossip, to follow the crowd and to cling to irrational ...
Bustamante-Aragonés Ana - - 2012
Prenatal diagnosis (PD) is available for pregnancies at risk of monogenic disorders. However, PD requires the use of invasive obstetric techniques for fetal-sample collection and therefore, involves a risk of fetal loss. Circulating fetal DNA in the maternal bloodstream is being used to perform non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD). NIPD is ...
Sen Sarbattama - - 2012
Obesity has reached near epidemic proportions in the developed world. As reproductive age women are a part of this trend, the effect of maternal obesity on the developing fetus must be investigated. In this review, we evaluated the experimental evidence relating maternal nutritional status and eating behavior before and during ...
Cassina Matteo - - 2012
Clinical hyperthyroidism has been associated with an increased risk of maternal, fetal, and neonatal complications. The available antithyroid drugs are methimazole/carbimazole and propylthiouracil. Several case reports and some epidemiologic studies suggest that methimazole/carbimazole exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of congenital malformations, including ...
Weissmann-Brenner Alina - - 2012
Objective. To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes of term large-for-gestational age (LGA) pregnancies and adequate-for-gestational age (AGA) pregnancies. Design. Retrospective analysis. Setting. Large university research medical center. Population. All term singleton LGA (birthweight ≥90(th) percentile) and AGA pregnancies (birthweight 10.1-89.9(th) percentile) delivering between 2004 and 2008. Methods. Data collected included ...
Chernick Lauren - - 2012
Emergency departments (EDs) care for adolescent females with unmet reproductive health care needs. Our objective was, among adolescents presenting to a pediatric ED, to estimate pregnancy risk, describe pregnancy intentions, and identify potentially modifiable factors associated with pregnancy risk. Using a paper-based questionnaire, we surveyed females aged 15-19 years presenting ...
Janssen Patricia A - - 2012
Commentary on: Birthplace in England Collaborative Group. Perinatal and maternal outcomes by planned place of birth for healthy women with low risk pregnancies: the Birthplace in England national prospective cohort study. BMJ 2011;343:d7400.
Azim M A - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to assess the sociodemographic profile and to identify the risk factors of ante-partum fetal death which occurs after the age of viability of fetus. This prospective observational study was conducted in the Obstetrics department of Ad-din Women Medical College Hospital during the period of ...
Hoffmann Elise - - 2012
Objective. To assess morbidity and mortality in twin pregnancy deliveries, according to chorionicity and mode of delivery. Design. Population-based retrospective cohort. Setting. Fourteen obstetric departments in Denmark. Population. One thousand one hundred and seventy-five twin pregnancies with two live fetuses at 36(+0) weeks of gestation. Methods. Pregnancy outcomes assessed according ...
Corrêa-Silva Eloisa P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference values for Doppler velocimetry of the ophthalmic artery (OA) and the central retinal artery (CRA) in low-risk pregnancy. METHOD: Between January 2008 and March 2009, 63 low-risk pregnant women underwent an ultrasound scan every 2weeks at the Women's Hospital, Campinas, Brazil, to determine the resistance index ...
Oyebode Femi - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal psychiatric disorders are important because of their adverse effects on pregnancy outcomes. The aim of this review is investigate psychotropic drugs in the management of antenatal psychiatric disorders with emphasis on the risk of harmful effects. METHOD: A systematic review of published electronic literature between January 2000 and ...
Walsh Jennifer M - - 2012
Fetal macrosomia is associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidity. In the long term, infants who are large for gestational age are more likely than other infants to be obese in childhood, adolescence and early adulthood, and are inherently at higher risk of cardiovascular and metabolic complications in adulthood. With ...
Brosens Ivo - - 2012
Bleeding from endometriotic implants is now an established cause of acute hemoperitoneum in pregnancy. However, the adverse impact of pelvic endometriosis on uterine function before conception may also interfere with subsequent deep placentation, accounting for the increased risk of obstetrical complications, including preterm birth and antepartum hemorrhage.
Hasegawa Junichi - - 2012
Placenta previa poses a high risk for massive hemorrhage, from the antenatal period until after Cesarean section. This condition increases the risk of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. In cases of placenta previa, the prenatal prediction of sudden bleeding during pregnancy and blood loss during Cesarean section, and the ...
Chin Helen B - - 2012
Adolescent pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are major public health problems in the U.S. Implementing group-based interventions that address the sexual behavior of adolescents may reduce the incidence of pregnancy, HIV, and other STIs in this group. Methods for conducting systematic reviews from the Guide to Community ...
Valdiviezo Carolina - - 2012
More women than men die each year of cardiovascular disease, which remains the leading cause of death in the United States. Sex-specific factors, including pregnancy-related disorders, should be considered when assessing cardiovascular (CV) risk in women. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy have been associated with CV risk later in life and ...
Koren Gideon - - 2012
Antidepressants are used commonly in pregnancy. Physicians who provide health care for pregnant women with depression must balance maternal well-being with potential fetal risks of these medications. Over the last decade, scores of original and review articles have discussed whether selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors-selective serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors possess risks ...
Torricelli Michela - - 2012
Abstract Preterm delivery and preeclampsia represent the main "obstetric syndromes", caused by multiple conditions, and characterized by complex pathogenesis. Nonetheless, recent evidences attest that deregulation of the immune system and exaggeration of inflammatory processes, taking place in the feto-placental unit, represent common central mechanisms occurring in both diseases. Tertiary prevention ...
Fraser Abigail A Medical Research Council Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol, United Kingdom. - - 2012
The nature and contribution of different pregnancy-related complications to future cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors and the mechanisms underlying these associations remain unclear. We studied associations of pregnancy diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preterm delivery, and size for gestational age with calculated 10-year CVD risk (based on ...
Hochner Hagit H Hebrew University-Hadassah, Braun School of Public Health, Jerusalem, Israel. - - 2012
Accumulating evidence demonstrates that both maternal prepregnancy body mass index (mppBMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) are associated with adult offspring adiposity. However, whether these maternal attributes are related to other cardiometabolic risk factors in adulthood has not been comprehensively studied. We used a birth cohort of 1400 young adults ...
Jelliffe-Pawlowski Laura L - - 2012
Although maternal serum α-fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonandotropin (hCG), and estriol play important roles in immunomodulation and immunoregulation during pregnancy, their relationship with the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in young infants is unknown despite BPD being associated with pre- and postnatal inflammatory factors. We found that these serum biomarkers ...
Kiesewetter Barbara - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy and maternal complication rates of induction of labor, and to identify a concrete point in time for induction with the lowest possible risk for adverse events. METHODS: We designed a retrospective data analysis of all births at the general hospital of Vienna from 2003 to ...
- - 2012
Many pregnant women drink varying quantities of alcohol, although several guidelines recommend total abstinence. What is known of the dangers of alcohol for the outcome of pregnancy and for the unborn child? To answer this question, we conducted a review of the literature using the standard Prescrire methodology. Fetal alcohol ...
- - 2012
When there is a major risk of alcohol withdrawal symptoms in a pregnant woman, a 7-day course of benzodiazepine therapy has a positive harm-benefit balance. Medications designed to help maintain abstinence are not sufficiently effective to warrant initiating treatment during pregnancy.
Matlow Jeremy - - 2012
Some of my pregnant patients are afraid to take their antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy because of the known risk of malformations and the neurodevelopmental problems associated with valproic acid. Are there similar concerns with carbamazepine? Similar to valproic acid, carbamazepine increases the risk of neural tube defects; however, it does ...
Anderson Jane E - - 2012
This article reviews one of the less common but most dreaded complications of labor and delivery, shoulder dystocia, an infrequent but potentially devastating event that results from impaction of the fetal shoulders in the maternal pelvis. Shoulder dystocia occurs most commonly in patients without identified risk factors, and can result ...
Al Jama Fathia E - - 2012
To assess the incidence of antenatal and intrapartum and perinatal outcomes in grandmultiparae in an affluent society with available modern perinatal care. A case-control study in a tertiary referral hospital in Eastern Saudi Arabia of 2,122 grandmultiparae was undertaken. Each patient was compared with an age-matched multipara who delivered during ...
Amiri Shahrokh - - 2012
Background. The etiology of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is complex.This study was conducted to evaluate the pregnancy-related maternal risk factors of ADHD. Methods. 164 ADHD children attending to Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics compared with 166 normal children selected in a random-cluster method from primary schools. ADHD rating scale and ...
Shitara Satoshi - - 2012
A 29-year-old woman in the 17th week of pregnancy presented with blurred vision and visual impairment of both eyes. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tuberculum sellae meningioma. Visual impairment progressively worsened, and surgical resection was performed in the 19th week of pregnancy without fetal heart monitoring. The intra- and postoperative ...
Unsal M A - - 2012
The co-existence of a hydatidiform mole with a living fetus is a rare phenomenon. The condition is a dilemma with respect to the diagnosis and management of associated maternal (a risk of maternal complications, such as preeclampsia, hyperthyrodism, and a risk of malignancy) and fetal (elevated risk of spontaneous abortion, ...
Faria Joana - - 2012
We describe a rare case report of unscarred uterus rupture (UR) diagnosed in the puerperium after a vacuum extraction (VE) delivery of a healthy newborn. In this instance, no risk factors were found apart from the use of VE in the setting of prolonged deceleration. The suspicion of the diagnosis ...
Sparks Amy E - - 2012
The incidence of monozygotic twinning in pregnancies achieved with assisted reproductive technologies (ART) is significantly higher than spontaneously conceived pregnancies. The factors associated with ART that predispose the embryos to splitting are not well-characterized. Assisted hatching and extended embryo culture are two ART laboratory methods that have been risk factors ...
Eggebø Torbjørn Moe - - 2012
Objectives. To investigate the detection rate of major fetal heart defects in a low-risk population implementing routine use of color Doppler. Material and Methods. In a prospective observational study, all women undergoing fetal heart scanning (including 6781 routine examinations in the second trimester) during a three-year period were included. First ...
Annunziata Maria Laura - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS) on computerized cardiotocography short-term variability (STV) and approximate entropy (ApEn) in both low- and high-risk pregnancies. VAS was performed on 121 high- and 95 low-risk pregnancies after 10 minutes of continuous quiet, while their FHR parameters ...
Metgud Chandra S - - 2012
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major public health problem in many developing countries, especially so in India. Although we do not know all the causes of LBW, maternal and environmental factors appear to be significant risk factors in its occurrence. To know the factors affecting the birth weight of ...
Clifton Vicki L - - 2012
Maternal asthma is a common disease to complicate human pregnancy. Epidemiological studies have identified that asthma during pregnancy increases the risk of a number of poor outcomes for the neonate including growth restriction, lower birthweight, preterm delivery, neonatal resuscitation, and stillbirth. Asthma therefore represents a significant health burden to society ...
Babovic I I Institute of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2012
The relations between abnormal umbilical and cerebral Doppler, cerebral-umbilical (C/U) ratio, and outcomes in pregnancies complicated by gestational hypertension and fetal intrauterine growth retardation were evaluated. A retrospective study of 53 monofetal pregnancies in 2010 was conducted at the Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Belgrade. chi-square likelihood ratio test, Student's ...
Macones George A - - 2012
In the roundtable that follows, clinicians discuss a study published in this issue of the Journal in light of its methodology, relevance to practice, and implications for future research. Article discussed: Chen Y-H, Kang J-H, Lin C-C, et al. Obstructive sleep apnea and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Am ...
Macones George A - - 2012
The article below summarizes a roundtable discussion of a study published in this issue of the Journal in light of its methodology, relevance to practice, and implications for future research. Article discussed: Chen Y-H, Kang J-H, Lin C-C, et al. Obstructive sleep apnea and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. ...
Namavar Jahromi B - - 2011
Preterm birth (PTB) is one of the most important unsolved problems in reproductive medicine. This study aims to evaluate several maternal risk factors and outcome of pregnancies who were admitted for preterm spontaneous uterine contractions (PSUC). From September 2007 to February 2009, 327 cases who were admitted for PSUC were ...
Saksiriwuttho Piyamas - - 2011
A 42-year-old pregnant woman was referred with massive fetal bilateral pleural effusions. Observation with serial ultrasound was made. The documented spontaneous resolution of fetal pleural effusion was recorded. Neonatal examination revealed a completely healthy infant with normal respiration. Fetal pleural effusion can cause fetal lung compression, abnormal neonatal respiration and ...
Demetriades Andreas K - - 2011
CSF leak after epidural anaesthesia should be suspected after persistent headaches, which are worse on standing, suggestive of low pressure and CSF overdrainage. Subdural haemorrhage after CSF leak is a recognised complication; if suspected a CT Brain should be performed. An epidural blood-patch, and if necessary haematoma evacuation, can help ...
Hobson Deslyn T G - - 2011
: Odontogenic infections are quite common and, in unusual cases, can extend beyond the oral cavity with potentially life-threatening complications. : A 35-year-old woman, G3P0020, underwent extraction of an infected left maxillary third molar tooth at 19 3/7 weeks of gestation and later presented with mental status changes. Computed tomography ...
Valenti Oriana - - 2011
Chromosomally normal first trimester fetuses with an increased nuchal translucency measurement have an elevated risk of congenital heart defect (CHD). so there is an increased demand for imaging the fetal heart during the first and early second trimesters of pregnancy.Echocardiographic and anatomical correlations in firsttrimester fetuses show that by 11 ...
Cadmus E O EO Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, - - 2011
Unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion pose major health risks to women in the reproductive age group. Female undergraduates are particularly exposed to these risks. This study was carried out to assess the knowledge about complications and practice of abortion among female undergraduates of the University of Ibadan. A cross-sectional study ...
Schippert Cordula - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the current role of tubal reconstructive surgery in the era of assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs). RECENT FINDINGS: After tubal reconstructive surgery, couples may have unlimited attempts to conceive naturally. Operative risks are low; the risk for ectopic pregnancy after surgery is 4-10%. ART is associated ...
Adeyemo Wasiu L - - 2011
Pregnancy associated pyogenic granuloma of the oral cavity especially the gingivae is not uncommon. However, pyogenic granuloma of the lip associated with pregnancy is a very rare clinical condition. A case of a 29 year-old pregnant woman (35 weeks gestation) who presented with a pregnancy associated pyogenic granuloma of the ...
Howarth L - - 2011
The authors report the successful management of a pregnancy in a patient with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) type III. It is a genetically inherited condition causing increasing weakness of the skeletal muscle. The patient in our case was confined to a wheelchair due to marked weakness in her lower limbs. ...
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