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Torricelli Michela - - 2012
Abstract Preterm delivery and preeclampsia represent the main "obstetric syndromes", caused by multiple conditions, and characterized by complex pathogenesis. Nonetheless, recent evidences attest that deregulation of the immune system and exaggeration of inflammatory processes, taking place in the feto-placental unit, represent common central mechanisms occurring in both diseases. Tertiary prevention ...
Hochner Hagit - - 2012
Accumulating evidence demonstrates that both maternal prepregnancy body mass index (mppBMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) are associated with adult offspring adiposity. However, whether these maternal attributes are related to other cardiometabolic risk factors in adulthood has not been comprehensively studied. We used a birth cohort of 1400 young adults ...
Fraser Abigail A Medical Research Council Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol, United Kingdom. - - 2012
The nature and contribution of different pregnancy-related complications to future cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors and the mechanisms underlying these associations remain unclear. We studied associations of pregnancy diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preterm delivery, and size for gestational age with calculated 10-year CVD risk (based on ...
Jelliffe-Pawlowski Laura L - - 2012
Although maternal serum α-fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonandotropin (hCG), and estriol play important roles in immunomodulation and immunoregulation during pregnancy, their relationship with the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in young infants is unknown despite BPD being associated with pre- and postnatal inflammatory factors. We found that these serum biomarkers ...
Kiesewetter Barbara - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy and maternal complication rates of induction of labor, and to identify a concrete point in time for induction with the lowest possible risk for adverse events. METHODS: We designed a retrospective data analysis of all births at the general hospital of Vienna from 2003 to ...
- - 2012
Many pregnant women drink varying quantities of alcohol, although several guidelines recommend total abstinence. What is known of the dangers of alcohol for the outcome of pregnancy and for the unborn child? To answer this question, we conducted a review of the literature using the standard Prescrire methodology. Fetal alcohol ...
- - 2012
When there is a major risk of alcohol withdrawal symptoms in a pregnant woman, a 7-day course of benzodiazepine therapy has a positive harm-benefit balance. Medications designed to help maintain abstinence are not sufficiently effective to warrant initiating treatment during pregnancy.
Matlow Jeremy - - 2012
Some of my pregnant patients are afraid to take their antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy because of the known risk of malformations and the neurodevelopmental problems associated with valproic acid. Are there similar concerns with carbamazepine? Similar to valproic acid, carbamazepine increases the risk of neural tube defects; however, it does ...
Anderson Jane E - - 2012
This article reviews one of the less common but most dreaded complications of labor and delivery, shoulder dystocia, an infrequent but potentially devastating event that results from impaction of the fetal shoulders in the maternal pelvis. Shoulder dystocia occurs most commonly in patients without identified risk factors, and can result ...
Al Jama Fathia E - - 2012
To assess the incidence of antenatal and intrapartum and perinatal outcomes in grandmultiparae in an affluent society with available modern perinatal care. A case-control study in a tertiary referral hospital in Eastern Saudi Arabia of 2,122 grandmultiparae was undertaken. Each patient was compared with an age-matched multipara who delivered during ...
Amiri Shahrokh - - 2012
Background. The etiology of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is complex.This study was conducted to evaluate the pregnancy-related maternal risk factors of ADHD. Methods. 164 ADHD children attending to Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics compared with 166 normal children selected in a random-cluster method from primary schools. ADHD rating scale and ...
Shitara Satoshi - - 2012
A 29-year-old woman in the 17th week of pregnancy presented with blurred vision and visual impairment of both eyes. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tuberculum sellae meningioma. Visual impairment progressively worsened, and surgical resection was performed in the 19th week of pregnancy without fetal heart monitoring. The intra- and postoperative ...
Unsal M A - - 2012
The co-existence of a hydatidiform mole with a living fetus is a rare phenomenon. The condition is a dilemma with respect to the diagnosis and management of associated maternal (a risk of maternal complications, such as preeclampsia, hyperthyrodism, and a risk of malignancy) and fetal (elevated risk of spontaneous abortion, ...
Faria Joana - - 2012
We describe a rare case report of unscarred uterus rupture (UR) diagnosed in the puerperium after a vacuum extraction (VE) delivery of a healthy newborn. In this instance, no risk factors were found apart from the use of VE in the setting of prolonged deceleration. The suspicion of the diagnosis ...
Sparks Amy E - - 2012
The incidence of monozygotic twinning in pregnancies achieved with assisted reproductive technologies (ART) is significantly higher than spontaneously conceived pregnancies. The factors associated with ART that predispose the embryos to splitting are not well-characterized. Assisted hatching and extended embryo culture are two ART laboratory methods that have been risk factors ...
Eggebø Torbjørn Moe - - 2012
Objectives. To investigate the detection rate of major fetal heart defects in a low-risk population implementing routine use of color Doppler. Material and Methods. In a prospective observational study, all women undergoing fetal heart scanning (including 6781 routine examinations in the second trimester) during a three-year period were included. First ...
Annunziata Maria Laura - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS) on computerized cardiotocography short-term variability (STV) and approximate entropy (ApEn) in both low- and high-risk pregnancies. VAS was performed on 121 high- and 95 low-risk pregnancies after 10 minutes of continuous quiet, while their FHR parameters ...
Metgud Chandra S - - 2012
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major public health problem in many developing countries, especially so in India. Although we do not know all the causes of LBW, maternal and environmental factors appear to be significant risk factors in its occurrence. To know the factors affecting the birth weight of ...
Clifton Vicki L - - 2012
Maternal asthma is a common disease to complicate human pregnancy. Epidemiological studies have identified that asthma during pregnancy increases the risk of a number of poor outcomes for the neonate including growth restriction, lower birthweight, preterm delivery, neonatal resuscitation, and stillbirth. Asthma therefore represents a significant health burden to society ...
Babovic I I Institute of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2012
The relations between abnormal umbilical and cerebral Doppler, cerebral-umbilical (C/U) ratio, and outcomes in pregnancies complicated by gestational hypertension and fetal intrauterine growth retardation were evaluated. A retrospective study of 53 monofetal pregnancies in 2010 was conducted at the Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Belgrade. chi-square likelihood ratio test, Student's ...
Macones George A - - 2012
In the roundtable that follows, clinicians discuss a study published in this issue of the Journal in light of its methodology, relevance to practice, and implications for future research. Article discussed: Chen Y-H, Kang J-H, Lin C-C, et al. Obstructive sleep apnea and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Am ...
Macones George A - - 2012
The article below summarizes a roundtable discussion of a study published in this issue of the Journal in light of its methodology, relevance to practice, and implications for future research. Article discussed: Chen Y-H, Kang J-H, Lin C-C, et al. Obstructive sleep apnea and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. ...
Namavar Jahromi B - - 2011
Preterm birth (PTB) is one of the most important unsolved problems in reproductive medicine. This study aims to evaluate several maternal risk factors and outcome of pregnancies who were admitted for preterm spontaneous uterine contractions (PSUC). From September 2007 to February 2009, 327 cases who were admitted for PSUC were ...
Saksiriwuttho Piyamas - - 2011
A 42-year-old pregnant woman was referred with massive fetal bilateral pleural effusions. Observation with serial ultrasound was made. The documented spontaneous resolution of fetal pleural effusion was recorded. Neonatal examination revealed a completely healthy infant with normal respiration. Fetal pleural effusion can cause fetal lung compression, abnormal neonatal respiration and ...
Demetriades Andreas K - - 2011
CSF leak after epidural anaesthesia should be suspected after persistent headaches, which are worse on standing, suggestive of low pressure and CSF overdrainage. Subdural haemorrhage after CSF leak is a recognised complication; if suspected a CT Brain should be performed. An epidural blood-patch, and if necessary haematoma evacuation, can help ...
Hobson Deslyn T G - - 2011
: Odontogenic infections are quite common and, in unusual cases, can extend beyond the oral cavity with potentially life-threatening complications. : A 35-year-old woman, G3P0020, underwent extraction of an infected left maxillary third molar tooth at 19 3/7 weeks of gestation and later presented with mental status changes. Computed tomography ...
Valenti Oriana - - 2011
Chromosomally normal first trimester fetuses with an increased nuchal translucency measurement have an elevated risk of congenital heart defect (CHD). so there is an increased demand for imaging the fetal heart during the first and early second trimesters of pregnancy.Echocardiographic and anatomical correlations in firsttrimester fetuses show that by 11 ...
Schippert Cordula - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the current role of tubal reconstructive surgery in the era of assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs). RECENT FINDINGS: After tubal reconstructive surgery, couples may have unlimited attempts to conceive naturally. Operative risks are low; the risk for ectopic pregnancy after surgery is 4-10%. ART is associated ...
Adeyemo Wasiu L - - 2011
Pregnancy associated pyogenic granuloma of the oral cavity especially the gingivae is not uncommon. However, pyogenic granuloma of the lip associated with pregnancy is a very rare clinical condition. A case of a 29 year-old pregnant woman (35 weeks gestation) who presented with a pregnancy associated pyogenic granuloma of the ...
Howarth L - - 2011
The authors report the successful management of a pregnancy in a patient with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) type III. It is a genetically inherited condition causing increasing weakness of the skeletal muscle. The patient in our case was confined to a wheelchair due to marked weakness in her lower limbs. ...
Shah Amy A Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2011
Preexisting aortic disease can worsen during pregnancy as physiologic hemodynamic changes evolve. At a large academic institution, a patient with a remote history of vasculitis presented with a second trimester pregnancy with increasing aortic dilatation and aortic insufficiency. Extensive obstetric discussions encompassed maternal cardiac risks from continuing the pregnancy and ...
Avise John C - - 2010
We construct a verbal and graphical theory (the "fecundity-limitation hypothesis") about how constraints on the brooding space for embryos probably truncate individual fecundity in male-pregnant and female-pregnant species in ways that should differentially influence selection pressures for multiple mating by males or by females. We then review the empirical literature ...
Drea Christine M - - 2011
Female ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) are Malagasy primates that are size monomorphic with males, socially dominate males, and exhibit a long, pendulous clitoris, channeled by the urethra. These masculine traits evoke certain attributes of female spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) and draw attention to the potential role of androgens in lemur ...
Bloom Michael S - - 2011
Trace exposures to metals may affect female reproductive health. To assess the relation between trace concentrations of blood metals and female fecundity, 99 non-pregnant women discontinuing contraception for the purpose of becoming pregnant were prospectively followed. Participants completed a baseline interview and daily diaries until pregnant, or up to 12 ...
Akolekar Ranjit - - 2010
To examine the performance of a mass spectrometry-based detection platform using three Y-chromosome sequences for fetal sex determination from circulating cell-free fetal DNA (ccffDNA) in maternal blood in the first trimester of pregnancy. We extracted ccffDNA for the determination of fetal sex from stored maternal plasma obtained at 11 to ...
Thomal Janaina Thais - - 2010
Because the maternal environment can affect several physiological functions of the newborn, the aim of the present study was to examine the impact of sleep restriction during pregnancy on renal morphology and function in young offspring. Female 3-month-old Wistar rats were divided in 2 experimental groups: C (control) and SR ...
Fanson Kerry V - - 2010
Canada lynx face some unique breeding restrictions, which may have implications for population viability and captive management. The goal of this study was to improve our understanding of basic reproductive physiology in Canada lynx. Using fecal hormone metabolite analysis, we established normative patterns of fecal estrogen (fE) and progestagen (fP) ...
Rodins Karl - - 2011
We present a novel case of pyogenic granuloma occurring within a port-wine stain in two sequential pregnancies at different sites. There was no history of precipitating events such as trauma. We discuss why a pyogenic granuloma may occur within a port-wine stain and how pregnancy may increase the likelihood of ...
Sarangi S - - 2010
Exposure to methyl isocyanate and other toxic gases in Bhopal, India, on December 3, 1984 resulted in thousands of acute deaths, pregnancy loss and long-term effects. From 1985 to 2007, we conducted successive surveys of vital status and health to determine whether the exposure of parents to toxic gases in ...
Curtis J Thomas - - 2010
Monogamous animals face an interesting dilemma: if and when to terminate a nonproductive relationship. To address this issue, we asked whether reproductive compatibility is a criterion for maintaining a monogamous pair-bond between mates. Prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster), are small rodents that form long-term, monogamous pair-bonds evidenced by a strong preference ...
Palkar Prajakta S - - 2010
Recent work indicates that PPARalpha is required for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)-induced postnatal lethality resulting from prenatal exposure. The present study tested the hypothesis that relatively modest activation of PPARalpha during prenatal development will cause postnatal lethality, similar to that observed with PFOA, a relatively low affinity PPARalpha agonist. Female wild-type ...
Adachi I - - 2010
Although the Tsushima leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis euptilurus) is one of the most endangered mammals in Japan, its reproductive physiology and endocrinology have been not elucidated. The objective was to establish the non-invasive monitoring of reproductive endocrinology in a female Tsushima leopard cat and to identify the types of fecal ...
Bauer Samuel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates fluoxetine (FLX) exposure as an etiology for altered gestational length and adverse pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Two experiments were performed exposing mice to drinking water (H(2)O) or H(2)O+FLX. Primary outcomes included gestational length, litter size, and live birth rate. In experiment 1, time-mated dams were monitored ...
Pellegrino Miriam - - 2010
WNT4 signaling pathways represent an important step in the multi-faceted process of mammalian gonadal differentiation and the development of internal genitalia. WNT4 protein controls the cytoplasmatic stability of specific transcriptional coactivator beta catenin during both embriogenesis and adult homeostasis. The biological significance of WNT4 consists in determining the final female ...
Inawaka Kunifumi - - 2010
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of procymidone (PCM) on development of male rabbit fetal external genitalia. PCM was administered once daily by gavage at dose levels of 0 (control) and 125mg/kg/day to pregnant rabbits from gestation day 6 through 28 and fetal external genitalia was observed in ...
Li Yim J F T - - 2010
A 17-year-old female was treated with botulinum toxin (botulinum toxin type A, Allergan) for a left convergent squint. She returned 1 week after her second injection and informed us that she found out she was pregnant 3 days after the second injection. After a long worrying 9 months, her pregnancy ...
Green Daniel M - - 2010
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of prior treatment with radiation therapy or chemotherapy for unilateral Wilms tumor (WT) diagnosed during childhood on pregnancy complications, birth weight, and the frequency of congenital malformations in live-born offspring. We reviewed pregnancy outcomes among female survivors and partners of male survivors ...
Paczolt Kimberly A - - 2010
Male pregnancy in seahorses, pipefishes and sea dragons (family Syngnathidae) represents a striking reproductive adaptation that has shaped the evolution of behaviour and morphology in this group of fishes. In many syngnathid species, males brood their offspring in a specialized pouch, which presumably evolved to facilitate male parental care. However, ...
Zhang Heng - - 2010
Fenvalerate, a widely used pyrethroid insecticide, has been associated with poor semen quality. As yet, little is known about the effects of prenatal fenvalerate exposure on testicular development. The present study investigated the effects of prenatal fenvalerate exposure on testicular development and spermatogenesis. The pregnant mice were administered fenvalerate (30 ...
Katsumata Etsuko - - 2010
The reproductive endocrinological characteristics of beluga, killer whale, spotted seal and bottlenose dolphin were evaluated and used in conjunction with applied reproductive research to enhance captive breeding programs. Results from 8 y of biweekly serum progesterone determination in a female beluga indicated that sexual maturity occured at approximately age 13, ...
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