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Forbes Scott S Department of Biology, University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg MB R3B 2E9. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pregnancy sickness is widespread in human mothers but its etiology, somewhat surprisingly, remains unclear. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) has long been considered a prime hormonal suspect, but the correlation between pregnancy sickness and hCG levels is imperfect resulting in uncertainty about its causal role. As others have noted part of ...
Charles Shelton M SM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, - - 2014
Context: Uteroplacental hypoxia has been reported to lower estrogen levels in preeclampsia as the result of reduced aromatase activity. Objective: We asked if the chronic hypoxia of residence at high altitude in the absence of preeclampsia lowered estrogen, if such effects differed in Andean vs. European high-altitude residents, and were ...
Brown Emma E Lyell McEwin Hospital, Adelaide, SA, - - 2014
This study investigated views and experiences of over 40 health professionals regarding pregnancy and lactation advice in Australian Product Information (PI). Quality up-to-date information is required when prescribing medication to this demographic. It was found that reliance on PI can result in negative ramifications. These interviews amplify earlier, somewhat limited ...
Blaxter Mark M Institute of Evolutionary Biology, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The handover from maternal to zygotic control has to be carefully orchestrated. In most animal embryos, maternal products drive early embryogenesis, and the genome of the zygote is only switched on later. However, in the nematode Ascaris the zygotic genome is never silent, and the maternal products are rapidly eliminated.
Maged Ahmed M AM Obstetrics and gynecology department Cairo - - 2014
Abstract Objective: to establish a nomogram of fetal urine production according to gestational age as a predictor for fetal well being In normal and diabetic women Study design: Prospective observational study included 180 pregnant women classified into 2 groups : Group I (120 women) without any medical complications and Group ...
Smeriglio Antonella A Università degli studi di Messina, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Health Products, Viale Annunziata, 98168, Messina, - - 2014
The aim of this work is to provide an update from an overview of the literature of the most frequently consumed herbal remedies during pregnancy, both alone and concomitantly with prescribed medications and particularly on their side effects to the mother and fetus. We have also analyzed some of the ...
Friend David R - - 2013
Multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) are broadly defined as products capable of simultaneously addressing multiple sexual and reproductive health needs including unintended pregnancy, STIs including HIV-1, and other reproductive tract infections. MPTs have been discussed for a few decades but little product development has occurred. With the recent proof-of-concept that a ...
Zhou Wenli - - 2013
Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), or cloning, is one of the assisted reproductive technologies currently used in agriculture. Commercial applications of SCNT are presently limited to the production of animals of high genetic merit or the production of the most elite show cattle owing to its relatively low efficiency. In ...
Bogacka I - - 2013
In the present study, we investigated the in vitro effects of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) ligands on PGF2α secretion and mRNA expression of prostaglandin F synthase (PGFS) in porcine endometrial explants collected on days 10-12 and 14-16 of the estrous cycle or pregnancy. The explants were incubated for 6h ...
Lumbers Eugenie R - - 2013
This review describes the changes that occur in circulating renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAAS) system components in human pregnancy. These changes depend on endocrine secretions from the ovary and possibly the placenta and decidua. Not only do these hormonal secretions directly contribute to the increase in RAAS levels, they also cause physiological changes ...
Bilego Ubirajara O - - 2013
The Girolando breed is used in pasture-based dairy production systems in Brazil to associate the high production of Bos taurus to the rusticity and thermal adaptation of Bos indicus. This study was designed to evaluate the physiological response to a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α)-GnRH protocol to synchronize the ovulation ...
Stanger James D - - 2013
IVF productivity rate is an index defined as the sum of all live births from either fresh or frozen embryo transfers arising from a single oocyte collection. This retrospective analysis over 9 continuous years used this index to understand the potential impact on pregnancy rates of milder stimulation regimens with ...
Jones Alyssa - - 2013
Context-In women, exposure to mycophenolic acid products during pregnancy results in an increase in both miscarriages and birth defects in the live born.Objective-To describe the outcomes of pregnancies fathered by transplant recipients who were being maintained on mycophenolic acid products at the estimated time of conception and compare these pregnancies ...
Licciardi Frederick - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate production of progesterone's precursor, pregnenolone, in the early oocyte donation pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnenolone and progesterone were measured on luteal days 21, 28, 35, 60 and 80. Progesterone was measured via the Immulite system, pregnenolone by liquid chromatography separation with tandem mass spectrometric detection. RESULTS: Progesterone rose significantly ...
Hill Martin - - 2013
In this review we focused on steroid metabolomics in human fetuses and newborns and its role in the physiology and pathophysiology of human pregnancy and subsequent stages of human life, and on the physiological relevance of steroids influencing the nervous systems with regards to their concentrations in the fetus. Steroid ...
Levytska K - - 2013
Pregnancy is accompanied by several adaptations in the mother, such as increased blood volume, higher cardiac output and reduced peripheral vascular resistance. Inability to accomplish these changes places both her and her pregnancy at risk of major placental complications such severe pre-eclampsia (sPE) or severe intra-uterine growth restriction (sIUGR). sPE ...
Scriven Paul N - - 2013
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) using fluorescence in situ hybridisation probes was carried out for 59 couples carrying reciprocal translocations. Before treatment, 85% of pregnancies had resulted in spontaneous miscarriage and five couples had achieved a healthy live-birth delivery. Following treatment, 33% of pregnancies failed and 21of 59 couples had a ...
Pearce E N - - 2013
Iodine is required for the production of thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone affects many metabolic processes in the body, including maturation of the central nervous system. In early pregnancy, the fetus is dependent on maternal thyroid hormone for normal brain development. If iodine deficiency leads to inadequate production of thyroid hormone ...
Mulla Melissa J - - 2013
Women with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) are at risk of recurrent pregnancy loss and obstetrical disorders, such as preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) directly target the placenta by binding beta2-glycoprotein I (β2GPI) expressed on the trophoblast. We recently demonstrated in human first trimester trophoblast cells that anti-β2GPI ...
Kaitu'u-Lino T J - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Pre-eclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy, characterized by severe endothelial dysfunction resulting in hypertension, proteinuria and maternal end-organ damage. Soluble endoglin is an anti-angiogenic factor released from placenta that has been linked to severe pre-eclampsia. We recently reported MMP-14 is capable of cleaving endoglin to release soluble endoglin ...
Reeuwijk Noortje M - - 2012
Geophagy, the practice of consuming clay or soil, is encountered among pregnant women in Africa, Eastern Asia and Latin America, but also in Western societies. However, certain types of clay are known to contain high concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). The aim of this study was to determine ...
- - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Emergency contraception includes contraceptive methods used to prevent pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected intercourse, sexual assault, or contraceptive failure. Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first dedicated product for emergency contraception in 1998, numerous barriers to access to emergency contraception remain. The purpose ...
Wojciechowicz Bartosz B Department of Animal Physiology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-719 Olsztyn, - - 2013
Steroid hormones are produced by the porcine uterus. We hypothesized that the uterus in pigs possesses active 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Δ(5)-Δ(4) isomerase (3β-HSD) responsible for progesterone and androstenedione production, that uterine steroids may supplement the amount of steroid hormones produced by embryos and corpus luteum and that these steroids are necessary for ...
Anouassi Abdelhaq - - 2012
Embryo transfer in camels was initiated to respond to demand from the camel industry particularly in the United Arab Emirates since 1990. This paper reviews the research performed in critical areas of reproductive physiology and reproductive function evaluation that constitute a pre-requisite for a successful embryo transfer program. A description ...
Casas Lidia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of household use of cleaning products during pregnancy on infant wheezing and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). METHODS: In four prospective Spanish birth cohorts (n = 2,292), pregnant women reported the use of household cleaning products. When infants were 12-18 months old, current cleaning product use and infant's ...
Carvajal Jorge A - - 2012
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is synthesized by human fetal membranes, both the amnion and chorion. This locally produced BNP inhibits the contraction of the human myometrium, contributing to the maintenance of myometrial quiescence during pregnancy. We tested the hypothesis that BNP production is increased by fetal membrane stretching, which is ...
Al-Gubory Kaïs H - - 2012
Progesterone produced by the corpus luteum (CL) regulates the synthesis of various endometrial proteins required for embryonic implantation and development. Compromised CL progesterone production is a potential risk factor for prenatal development. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play diverse roles in mammalian reproductive biology. ROS-induced oxidative damage and subsequent adverse developmental ...
Renner R-M - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Renner R, Brahmi D, Kapp N. Who can provide effective and safe termination of pregnancy care? A systematic review. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03464.x. Background  Unsafe termination of pregnancy is a major contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality. Task sharing termination of pregnancy services between physicians ...
von Dadelszen Peter - - 2012
The hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP; pre-existing hypertension, gestational hypertension, and pre-eclampsia) remain important causes of maternal morbidity and mortality, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The paper summarizes the current state of evidence around possible technologies to support community-based improvements in maternal and perinatal outcomes for women with pre-eclampsia. ...
Magowan Brian A - - 2012
Pregnant women in the UK are usually offered at least two ultrasound scans during their pregnancy. While these almost certainly cause no physical harm to the baby, communicating the findings to the parents, whether there is a problem or not, carries real potential for confusion, worry and perhaps unnecessary intervention.
Doran Frances - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This paper reports on a small qualitative research study which explored women's experiences of participation in a pregnancy and postnatal group that incorporated yoga and facilitated discussion. The group is offered through a community based feminist non-government women's health Centre in Northern NSW Australia. QUESTION: The purpose of the ...
Rapcencu Anca E - - 2012
PURPOSE: To describe the questions addressed by participants and physicians to the International Registry of Antiepileptic Drugs and Pregnancy centre in the Netherlands (EURAP-NL). METHODS: All incoming questions during the study period were systematically inventoried. Characteristics of the inquirer, antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) indicated, question topic, indication for which AEDs were ...
Bryant Amy G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the accuracy of medical information provided by crisis pregnancy centers in North Carolina. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a secondary data analysis of a "secret shopper survey" performed by a nonprofit organization. Reports from phone calls and visits to crisis pregnancy centers were analyzed for quality and ...
Hancock-Howard Rebecca L - - 2012
BACKGROUND Counseling about medication safety during pregnancy is delivered inconsistently. The objectives were to determine public preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) for attributes of counseling regarding antidepressant use during pregnancy. Attributes reflected counseling via a telephone Teratology Information Service (TIS) or a visit to a general practitioner (GP). METHODS ...
McCrossan Brian A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to evaluate patients' opinions on a fetal cardiology telemedicine service compared with usual outpatient care, the effect of the telemedicine consultation on maternal anxiety and its impact on travel times and time absent from work. METHODS: Prospective study over 20 months. Eligible patients ...
- - 2012
The BVA's guidance on maternity, paternity and adoption rights is a new web-based resource for BVA members.
Lee Young Mi - - 2012
The aim of this article is to review current information regarding the management of twin gestations and discuss optimal pregnancy length and considerations regarding route of delivery. Limited data are available on the timing and mode of delivery for twins. For apparently uncomplicated twin pregnancies, current recommendations suggest the optimal ...
Li Linda T - - 2012
Pregnant adolescent patients afflicted with Takayasu arteritis represent a clinical entity not seen by many. The care of such patients is often managed by multidisciplinary teams, where vascular surgeons are asked to provide input on cardiovascular implications during and after a pregnant state. Knowledge and understanding of the interaction between ...
Li S - - 2012
Objective:To describe the sonographical and pathological features of fetal criss-cross heart (CCH).Study Design:All cases of fetal CCH diagnosed by fetal echocardiogram from May 2003-May 2011 were identified at a single referral center using an established perinatal database. Demographic and genetic information, sonographical images and autopsy reports were reviewed. Sonographical and ...
Williams Shannon H - - 2012
When drug therapy is necessary and cannot be avoided during a pregnancy, the decision of what drug therapy is best may be difficult for the health care provider because the vast majority of drugs are classified as Pregnancy Category C. This classification indicates that information regarding the risk to the ...
Moore Jessica S - - 2012
Pregnant patients with maternal arrhythmias can be challenging and difficult to treat. Medication choices may be limited in patients who are pregnant. Pregnancy carries with it a unique and complex physiology, coupled with fetal concerns. We describe a pregnant patient with an arrhythmia to illustrate treatment thought process and options. ...
Khadivzadeh Talat - - 2012
This study was done to assess the use of traditional/complementary and alternative medicine (TM/CAM) during pregnancy and the reasons behind it from the mother's perspective. In a cross-sectional study, 919 pregnant mothers attending at prenatal care units of governmental health centers recruited through a multistage sampling and completed a self-report ...
Schmitz Dagmar - - 2012
Termination of pregnancy after a certain gestational age and following prenatal diagnosis, in many nations seem to be granted with a special status to the extent that they by law have to be discussed within a predominantly medical context and have physicians as third parties involved in the decision-making process ...
Hill Melissa M Institute of Child Health, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Clinical and Molecular Genetics, 30 Guildford Street, London WC1N 6EH, - - 2012
Fetal sex determination has traditionally been performed in pregnancies at risk of sex-linked genetic conditions by analysis of chorionic villi or amniocytes following invasive tests. The development of noninvasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) using cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma has allowed women to have accurate information about fetal sex early ...
Rodríguez-Calvo María Sol - - 2012
An evaluation of the future professional trends was performed by analyzing the attitudes of university students to the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy (VIP). An anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 300 students (Medicine, Nursing and Law) of the University of Santiago de Compostela, with questions on their personal beliefs, opinion on ...
McGillivray George - - 2012
Molecular karyotyping using chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) detects more pathogenic chromosomal anomalies than classical karyotyping, making CMA likely to become a first tier test for prenatal diagnosis. Detecting copy number variants of uncertain clinical significance raises ethical considerations. We consider the risk of harm to a woman or her fetus ...
Santos Karine Alves - - 2012
This paper presents the results of a socio-anthropological study with women from a low-income community in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Through the use of qualitative methods it looks at teenage pregnancy from the young mothers' perspective and the contribution of their socioeconomic environment. It shows the importance of ...
Timm Nathan L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates trends of pregnant adolescents' utilization of pediatric emergency departments (PEDs), describes patient demographics, and reviews common pregnancy-related conditions seen in the PED. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of a large pediatric emergency medicine research network database including 11 freestanding PEDs, 3 separate PEDs from ...
Shaaban Mohamed M MM Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt. - - 2012
(1) To investigate Egyptian obstetricians' views towards cesarean delivery on maternal request, (2) to investigate Egyptian obstetricians' views towards some of the "potentially neglected" or controversial obstetrical skills or maneuvers as external cephalic version (ECV), fetal scalp pH measurement or tubal ligation during CS and (3) to examine the effect ...
Pavord Sue - - 2012
Iron deficiency is the most common deficiency state in the world, affecting more than 2 billion people globally. Although it is particularly prevalent in less-developed countries, it remains a significant problem in the developed world, even where other forms of malnutrition have already been almost eliminated. Effective management is needed ...
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