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Bechi P - - 1988
Twelve partially gastrectomized subjects who have consecutively undergone total biliary diversion for severe bilious vomiting were studied before and after operation in order to assess the effects of surgery on gastric histology and enterogastric reflux. Before and six months after operation, the following protocol was performed: (1) blood examinations including ...
Vellacott I D - - 1988
To study the problem of nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy an epidemiological survey was undertaken, obtaining information from 500 consecutive antenatal patients. Seventy-six percent of women complained of symptoms during the first trimester, and in only 27% had the symptoms resolved by the twelfth week. Job efficiency was markedly ...
Spanò C - - 1988
A serological survey was carried out by means of an ELISA capture-immunoassay for IgM and by means of the haemagglutino-inhibition method or ELISA for IgG antibodies on 715 women in fertile age and on 12 patients suffering from rubella or rubella-like syndrome. Fetal serum samples were obtained at fetoscopy from ...
Freij B J - - 1988
The major goal of rubella immunization is the prevention of the congenital rubella syndrome. As many as 20 per cent of women in the reproductive age group in the United States continue to be susceptible to rubella despite the immunization programs currently in place. Intensified efforts are therefore needed to ...
Lee T Y - - 1988
A Chinese herbal medicine Lu-Shen-Wan, which contains 6 ingredients, is sometimes applied topically to treat boils, carbuncles and other skin infections. 2 elderly women developed a rash after applying Lu-Shen-Wan. Patch tests showed positive reactions to Lu-Shen-Wan and to one of its 6 ingredients, Venenum Bufonis. A study in 15 ...
Iatrakis G M - - 1988
Vomiting and nausea occur in many pregnant women, in the first trimester of pregnancy, but the etiology of these symptoms is obscure. A specially constructed questionnaire was administered to 102 pregnant women, in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, in an effort to see with which factors these disturbing symptoms ...
Jarnfelt-Samsioe A - - 1987
Throughout pregnancy, women with nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy showed a different metabolic pattern compared to asymptomatic pregnancies. Women suffering from nausea and vomiting seem to have a low "functional reserve" of their liver capacity and could tentatively be described as hypersensitive to estrogens or their metabolites, e.g., catecholestrogens. ...
Quarrell O W - - 1987
55 couples where one partner was at 50% risk of Huntington's disease (HD) were investigated with a DNA probe closely linked to HD, with a view to exclusion testing in a future pregnancy. In 3 of 9 pregnancies so far, HD was excluded in the absence of recombination. In 3 ...
Pedler S J - - 1987
Bacteriuria of pregnancy is a common condition which, although usually asymptomatic, may give rise to potentially serious sequelae. All pregnant women should therefore be screened for the presence of bacteriuria, which if detected should be treated with an antimicrobial agent believed to be safe for use in pregnancy. Appropriate antimicrobial ...
Bitsch M - - 1987
During the period 1975 to 1984, 1,346 pregnant women had the diagnosis of rubella serologically confirmed. The incidence was one per 530 pregnancies. Of 1,330 women, 623 were subjected to therapeutic abortion. Thirty-five aborted spontaneously and 672 continued pregnancy; among these, four infants were stillborn. In 111 of 520 infants, ...
Tierson F D - - 1986
The pattern of nausea and/or vomiting of pregnancy were investigated in a group of 414 predominantly white, upper middle-class women in Albany, New York; patterns were ascertained before their eighty-eighth day of gestation and followed up to the end of pregnancy. Of these, 89.4% reported at least some symptoms. This ...
Vesonder R F - - 1986
Feed samples from Iowa suspected of causing vomiting and enlarged vulva as well as mortalities of swine were examined for toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins Fusarium moniliforme Sheldon and F. moniliforme Sheldon var. subglutinans Wollenew. & Reink. accounted for 43% and 18.5%, respectively, of the total count of 4.75 X 10(5) ...
Elsmore R - - 1986
This paper examines the use of biocides to control the growth of Legionella pneumophila in recirculating cooling-water systems. The reasons for using biocides and their ideal properties are discussed. Comparative studies on several biocides' activity against Legionella are reported together with more detailed laboratory and field studies on one specific ...
Bailey R R - - 1986
Sixty consecutive pregnant women with asymptomatic (covert) bacteriuria detected between 16 and 30 weeks gestation were randomly allocated to treatment with either a single 600 mg dose or a standard five-day course of trimethoprim. Twenty-seven of 30 women were cured with a single dose. Six of these 27 women were ...
Edmond E - - 1986
Surveillance of rubella vaccination in schoolgirls has continued intensively in Edinburgh since 1970. Screening for rubella antibody of all women attending antenatal clinics has been available since 1974. The analysis of cases of rubella occurring in pregnancy during an outbreak in 1979 confirmed the efficacy of schoolgirl vaccination in the ...
Doshi M L - - 1986
We investigated the accuracy of the in-home pregnancy test in early pregnancy detection. A total of 109 women volunteered to perform their own pregnancy test using one of three brands. Kit accuracy ranged from 45.7 per cent to 89.1 per cent (95 per cent confidence interval), differing from the 97.4 ...
Hill J A - - 1986
Asymptomatic bacteriuria has a reported prevalence of 4 to 7% during pregnancy. Preeclampsia has been reported to increase susceptibility to infection; therefore, the authors examined asymptomatic bacteriuria (greater than 100,000 colonies/mL of urine) as a possible marker for host resistance in preeclamptic pregnancies. One hundred preeclamptic primigravidas at term were ...
Klebanoff M A - - 1986
The possibility that antiemetics used during pregnancy are teratogenic has been hotly debated; the effect of vomiting itself, however, has been largely ignored. The relation between vomiting and congenital malformations was examined in a prospective study of 16398 women who registered for prenatal care at or before 20 weeks' gestation. ...
Samsioe G - - 1986
It is a puzzling fact that emesis might occur in one pregnancy, whereas other pregnancies in the same woman could be either free or again associated with nausea. Pregnancy-associated hormones are believed to cause nausea, possibly through effects mediated via the liver. In 43 women who applied for a legal ...
Klebanoff M A - - 1985
Factors associated with early pregnancy vomiting were investigated in 9098 first-trimester registrants in the Collaborative Perinatal Project. Vomiting in the absence of hyperemesis or gastroenteritis was noted in 56% of all women, and was more common among primigravidas (P = .002), younger women (P less than .001), women with less ...
Brucker M C - - 1985
Immunologically based pregnancy tests that will diagnose pregnancy even before the menstrual period is missed are now available. Nurses who deal with female patients in the reproductive years must be aware of these newer pregnancy tests now in use. Appropriate interpretation of pregnancy tests will aid women in early pregnancy ...
Goodwin R T - - 1985
Fourteen normal adult volunteers with normal binocular single vision and normal stereoacuity submitted to monocular and binocular degradation of their stereoacuity by cycloplegia and fogging with spherical lenses. Stereoacuity (SA) was reduced as soon as visual acuity (VA), both monocular and binocular, was reduced. There was a marked similarity in ...
Cohen Z B - - 1985
Ninety low socioeconomic adolescent females (aged 16-22 years, means 18.6 years) were screened for rubella immunity using a rubella IgG enzyme immunoassay. Data concerning past immunizations (with documentation, if possible), prior rubella disease, and previous pregnancies were gathered through direct interviews. Results revealed 20 percent (18/90 girls) were seronegative. Fifty-eight ...
Barss V A - - 1985
The authors' experience with stillbirth within one week of a reactive nonstress test was reviewed to determine the reliability of this test in postdates patients and general high-risk patients. The corrected stillbirth rates were the same in both groups. Thirty-three percent of stillbirths in postdates patients occurred as early as ...
Morgan-Capner P - - 1985
Seven cases of asymptomatic rubella reinfection in early pregnancy are described. In each, there was a history of exposure to a rubelliform illness and low levels of rubella-specific IgM subsequently appeared in the serum. Four of the women had been immunised, after having been shown to be susceptible to rubella, ...
Järnfelt-Samsioe A - - 1985
Although nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy is extremely common, very little information on the cause and course of this disorder is available in the literature. A prospective laboratory and clinical study of 102 consecutive healthy pregnant women was undertaken to evaluate nausea and vomiting in relation to clinical data, ...
Reading R W - - 1985
The effects that lateral prisms have on the horopter were evaluated in 11 subjects, including 6 subjects classified as binocularly abnormal. For normal subjects with good stereopsis the equidistance (stereoscopic distance matching) horopter shape was altered with the application of lateral prism. For other subjects this was not the case. ...
Larrey D - - 1984
The existence of jaundice induced by hyperemesis gravidarum is controversial. We report the case of a woman who suffered from three episodes of jaundice during the first trimester of three consecutive pregnancies, a few days after the onset of hyperemesis gravidarum. Jaundice was caused by conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. Serum alanine aminotransferase ...
Serdula M K - - 1984
In 1977, a large rubella outbreak occurred in Hawaii. Because attack rates were high among women of childbearing age, we conducted extensive surveillance efforts to detect both pregnancies complicated by rubella and cases of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Initial surveillance included a survey of physicians and hospitals, review of fetal ...
Storms W W - - 1984
A group of twenty-four patients reported hay fever symptoms during the time of the year that the cotton of the cottonwood tree was blowing in the air (June and July). This investigation tried to identify the cause of their symptoms. Eight of the twenty-four had positive skin tests to the ...
Daffos F - - 1984
In an attempt at prenatal diagnosis of fetal infection after primary rubella infection before 18 weeks of pregnancy fetal blood was taken by direct puncture under ultrasound guidance at 20-26 weeks of pregnancy from eighteen patients. Total IgM was assayed by radial immunodiffusion and rubella-specific IgM by IgM capture immunoassay. ...
FitzGerald C M - - 1984
Prospective data on 86 pregnant women were analysed to investigate the relationship between the pregnancy symptoms of nausea and vomiting and various demographic, social and psychological factors. In contrast to previous research findings no significant differences were discovered along demographic or social dimensions between women reporting no nausea, mild nausea ...
Naish J - - 1984
Congenital malformations due to rubella embryopathy are preventable. All women embarking on pregnancy should be immune and know that they are immune to rubella to guard against the risk of contracting the disease during pregnancy. A previous history of clinical rubella or rubella vaccination is not reliable, and women should ...
Lin T M - - 1984
Five pregnancy proteins which were discovered by immunological methods at our and two other laboratories were reviewed. These proteins have been purified, physico-chemically characterized, histologically localized and measured by immunological procedures in normal as well as certain abnormal pregnancies. They have been studied for their use as markers in the ...
Zucconi G - - 1984
The authors present their experience with the dynamic fetoplacental unit function test using a commercial product containing dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate. The recent literature is cited and the results are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the practicability and applicability of the method in connection with a continuous, reliable evaluation of "at risk" ...
Bambra C S - - 1984
The Nonhuman Primate Pregnancy Test (NHPPT) kit was evaluated for diagnosis of pregnancy in baboons. Unreadable controls rendered 33% of all tests inconclusive. Refrigeration and dilution did little to improve the number of inconclusive tests. Positive-and false-negative results from readable tests on days 20 to 27 of confirmed pregnancy were ...
Bailey R R - - 1983
Forty-four pregnant women with covert (asymptomatic) bacteriuria proven by suprapubic bladder aspiration were randomly allocated to treatment with either a single 1.92g dose or a standard 5-day course of co-trimoxazole. Twenty-one of 24 women were cured with a single dose. Seven of these 21 women were reinfected later in the ...
Khouzami V A - - 1983
In a retrospective review of 697 postterm pregnancies we attempted to validate three tests used to identify the fetus at increased risk: the 24-hour urinary estrogen per gram creatinine (E/Cr), the nonstress test (NST) and the contraction stress test (CST). Using the corrected perinatal mortality rate (PMR) among term pregnancies ...
Léger L A - - 1983
The playback speed of tape players directly affects the accuracy of some fitness tests. New and used portable cassette (n = 28) and tape (n = 16) players were generally found accurate (playback speed error less than 2% tolerance limit). The apparatus showed almost no speed variation over four consecutive ...
Järnfelt-Samsioe A - - 1983
Nausea in pregnancy is very common but it is astonishing that so little data are available concerning the cause and course of this disorder. A questionnaire was mailed to all women who had given birth to at least 3 children, the last delivered in 1980 or 1981 in our department. ...
Zechnich R - - 1982
Brief, nonintensive psychotherapy produced a rapid, complete and permanent cure of hyperemesis gravidarum (pernicious vomiting in pregnancy). The treatment involved identification and amelioration of some common, superficial sources of anxiety during pregnancy. This method can be utilized by a nonpsychiatric physician and is recommended as quick, effective, safe and inexpensive.
Wong M H - - 1982
The effects of chromic sulphate, which is commonly used in the tanning of leather, on the common carp, Cyprinus carpio and the bighead, Aristichthys nobilis, were studied. C. carpio was found to be more susceptible than A. nobilis to chromic sulphate at the lowest concentration tested (100 mg/l) whereas results ...
Rund B R - - 1983
Previous research comparing the performance of schizophrenics and normals in neutral and distractor conditions has indicated that schizophrenics are more vulnerable to distraction. The present study was designed to clarify whether schizophrenics are more distractible than normals and non-psychotic psychiatric patients when the distractor conditions are matched with the neutral ...
Swinhoe J R - - 1981
A patient with persistent vomiting in pregnancy due to oesophageal stricture secondary to reflux oesophagitis is reported. Reflux oesophagitis is common during pregnancy but usually responds to small frequent meals, the avoidance of certain positions and simple antacid therapy. Where symptoms are persistent and become worse in late pregnancy we ...
Brudvik J S - - 1981
Commonly used, commercially available dental wires have been evaluated and ranked through stress-relaxation testing to given the clinician a basis for determining their use as retentive clasp arms. Clinical laboratory principles relative to the use of wire clasp arms have been discussed. Clinical experience with the cobalt-chrome-nickel wire retentive clasp ...
Torfs C P - - 1981
In a prospective study of some 20,000 pregnancies in the Child Health and Development Studies in the San Francisco East Bay area, 226 gravidas were tested for pregnancy with estrogen/progestogen preparations. The two control groups were women who were tested for pregnancy by either a serum or urine test. There ...
Yano Y - - 1981
We compared sliding velocity between outer doublet tubules in demembranated axonemes of sea-urchin (Pseudocentrotus depressus) sperm flagella with that of arm-depleted axonemes recombined with extracted dynein I. The outer arm-depleted axonemes after extraction with 0.5 M NaCl had a velocity of 6.9 +/- I.0 micrometer/s, while the intact axonemes had ...
Gilstrap L C LC - - 1981
During a 4.5-year period, over 2% of 24,000 obstetric patients at Parkland Memorial Hospital were admitted for acute pyelonephritis. Chills accompanying back pain was the most common presenting complaint in the se 656 women; lower urinary tract symptoms and nausea and vomiting were also common. All women had fever and, ...
Skaug K - - 1981
During the 1974 rubella epidemic in Oslo, paired sera from 7781 pregnant women were examined for rubella-specific IgG antibodies using the single radial haemolysis (SRH) test. 12.4% of the women with seronegative in early pregnancy, with no significant variations between the different age groups. In the seropositive samples, there was ...
Ioan D - - 1980
The mutagenic effect of carbimazol and methylthiouracil on mice fetal blood in the 15th and 16th day of intrauterine life, as compared to the effect on maternal bone marrow and control animals, was studied using the micronucleus test. The incidence of micronucleated cells was significantly higher in the fetal blood ...
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