Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 439
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Knudsen A - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To report on the prevalence of well-being, heartburn, nausea, and vomiting related to gestational week, parity, and age in the third trimester of the normal pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Self-administered questionnaire filled in daily by 180 women from 31st gestational week to delivery. RESULTS: The study was completed by 120 ...
Marsack C R - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To describe women's experiences of pre-pregnancy counselling and their knowledge of rubella immunity and folate intake. DESIGN: A cross-sectional sample of 121 public and 32 private patients at or less than 20 weeks' gestation attending their first antenatal appointment completed a self-administered questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Awareness of the ...
Blais M A - - 1995
This study compared two Rorschach administration methods across a number of test variables. With a within-subjects, counter-balanced design, 20 female subjects randomly received either an initial Rapaport (Rapaport, Gill, & Schafer, 1968) or an Exner (Exner, 1974, 1986) Rorschach administration. Results showed that the Exner administration produced significantly more Color ...
Filadelfi A M - - 1994
Melatonin is a weak dose-independent lightening agonist in fish skin, a moderate dose-dependent lightening agonist in toad skin and a potent lightening agent in frog and lizard skins (reversing in a dose-dependent manner the darkening caused by alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone). In frog skins, previous exposure to melatonin reduced further lightening actions ...
Stainton M C - - 1994
Twenty-seven pregnant women (5-22 weeks gestation) participated in a study to determine the efficacy of SeaBands for the control of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP). NVP was reduced by 50% for these women. SeaBands are more effective if applied early in the symptom experience; less if applied late. SeaBands ...
O'Shea S - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Rubella virus may be transmitted to the fetus following rubella reinfection in early pregnancy. The mechanisms responsible for maternal-fetal transmission in women with pre-existing rubella antibodies are, however, unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the protective role of rubella specific neutralising antibodies and cell-mediated immunity in rubella reinfection. STUDY DESIGN: Rubella ...
Freeman J J - - 1994
This article describes two gravid patients who presented with first-trimester sialorrhea and hyperemesis. Although excessive salivation, especially when accompanied by protracted nausea and vomiting, is an unusual occurrence, it can have serious consequences for both the mother and fetus when left untreated. Initially, phenothiazine was prescribed and later belladonna alkaloid ...
DiIorio C - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to assess both the current use of relief measures for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy among clinicians and the basis for their decisions regarding method of treatment. With the permission of conference sponsors, questionnaires on nausea and vomiting of pregnancy relief measures were distributed ...
Wijewardene K - - 1994
Although nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy has been studied in detail, there is little information available regarding dietary aversions and some cravings during pregnancy. To study the prevalence and factors associated with dietary aversions and cravings during pregnancy, a survey was carried out on 1000 randomly selected pregnant women ...
Segal H - - 1994
To mark the fiftieth anniversary of the Controversial Discussions the author has selected the interplay between phantasy and reality for further consideration. Basing her thinking on her reading of Klein and Freud she reviews her own contribution to symbolic forms of expression--the distinction between a symbol and a symbolic equation--which ...
Iancu I - - 1994
Hyperemesis gravidarum is a potentially dangerous disorder of pregnancy characterized by severe and protracted vomiting. It is suggested that psychosocial factors may have a role in determining whether the pregnant woman experiences a transient spell of mild vomiting or progresses towards the much rarer but more significant pernicious vomiting. Psychotherapy, ...
Qureshi R N - - 1994
The prevalence of bacteriuria in Pakistani women and its association with complications of pregnancy was studied. Out of 1579 women, 77 had bacteriuria (4.8%). There was no association of age, gravidity, parity, haemoglobin, pre-eclampsia, mode of delivery, gestational age at delivery, preterm delivery and low birth-weight with presence of bacteriuria. ...
Anderson A S - - 1994
The causes of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy are still not clearly understood, nor is there one simple, effective treatment. Nausea and vomiting do not appear to be associated with fetal morbidity, malnutrition or death. Carbohydrate-rich snacks at frequent intervals seem to provide relief. Health education on healthy sandwiches and ...
Gadsby R - - 1994
A recent prospective study of 363 pregnant women found that 20% had no symptoms of nausea and vomiting, 28% just feel sick, and 52% feel sick and vomited. Symptoms peak at about the ninth week of pregnancy and often stop suddenly by about the 14th week. Two-thirds of women will ...
van Lier D - - 1993
Nausea and fatigue are uncomfortable, sometimes almost debilitating, symptoms of pregnancy. Anecdotally, fatigue seems worse as nausea increases. This descriptive correlational study investigated the relationship between nausea and fatigue during early pregnancy. Fifty-one women who received prenatal care at two obstetrics and gynecology nurse-midwifery practices in a large metropolitan area ...
Gabant P - - 1993
Two replicons were isolated independently from different IncHI1 plasmids. One was isolated from R27, and a second was isolated from pIP522. We demonstrate, by DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, that these maintenance regions are different and that they are specific to, and carried by, all IncHI1 plasmids tested. In view of this ...
Woolford T J - - 1993
Spontaneous perforation of the oesophagus is extremely rare in children, as is perforation due to vomiting in pregnancy. We report the case of a 15-year-old in whom vomiting in early pregnancy resulted in oesophageal perforation with subcutaneous emphysema causing marked facial swelling in the absence of other signs. The more ...
Nelson I C - - 1993
Results are presented of postmortem human tissue sampling and analysis for plutonium of Hanford Site workers, residents of the nearby Tri-Cities, and individuals residing farther away from the Hanford Site for the period 1970-1975. The majority of Hanford Site workers and nearby residents coming to autopsy had tissue concentrations of ...
Evans A T - - 1993
This study examined the effect of sensory affect stimulation (SAS) delivered through the volar surface of the wrist on pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting. Twenty-three women with significant nausea and vomiting in the first 14 weeks of pregnancy were enrolled in a randomized, crossover study comparing an active SAS unit and ...
Gadsby R - - 1993
The symptoms of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy were described by 363 pregnant women who kept daily symptom diaries. All delivered a single live baby. The majority of information collected was prospective, with the median day from last menstrual period to initial interview by the study midwife being day 57. ...
Doulut S - - 1993
The synthesis of N-[3-[(hydroxyamino) carbonyl]-1-oxo-2(R)-benzylpropyl]-L-isoleucyl-L-leucine (JMV-390-1, 6a), a multipeptidase inhibitor based on the C-terminal sequence common to neurotensin (NT) and neuromedin N (NN), is described. This compound behaves as a full inhibitor of the major NT/NN degrading enzymes in vitro, e.g. endopeptidase 24.16, endopeptidase 24.15, endopeptidase 24.11, and leucine aminopeptidase ...
Kiningham R B - - 1993
Asymptomatic bacteriuria occurs in 4 to 7 percent of pregnancies and is associated with the development of acute pyelonephritis, preterm labor and low-birth-weight infants. Treatment of bacteriuria prevents up to 80 percent of cases of pyelonephritis and reduces the risk of preterm delivery. All women should be screened for bacteriuria ...
Black Rita Beck - - 1993
This paper considers the psychosocial experience of women undergoing reproductive genetic testing, with attention to the impact of pregnancy loss after testing. New directions for research are called for to provide more in-depth understanding of the meaning of these experiences for women and their male partners.
Chen F P - - 1993
A G1 PO, 25-year-old woman, who was confirmed to have a natural immunity to rubella before pregnancy, was found to have rubella reinfection with positive rubella IgM antibody at seven weeks of gestation. At 23 weeks' gestation, she received fetal cordocentesis in which fetal blood tests were negative for rubella-specific ...
Gulley R M - - 1993
Hyperemesis gravidarum, an antepartem disorder characterized by severe nausea and vomiting, is usually a benign condition with a favorable outcome. Although no increase in fetal or maternal morbidity results, the disorder has deleterious effects on both nutrition and everyday life. The authors describe a treatment protocol for hyperemesis gravidarum that ...
Colangelo N - - 1993
This paper focuses on mechanical inventiveness, the conception and development of new devices which require use of mechanical principles. In Phase 1 of the three-phase investigation, we studied 34 inventors who received between three and 82 agricultural and industrial patents. These inventors formed the original criterion group of mechanical inventors. ...
Thomason J E - - 1993
Seventeen surgically confirmed acoustic neuroma subjects and seventeen radiologically confirmed non-tumour subjects with retrocochlear pathology of unknown aetiology were selected to investigate retrospectively the diagnostic yield of basic audiological test procedures. Puretone audiometry, tympanometry, reflexometry and auditory brainstem response audiometry were used in the identification of acoustic neuromas versus non-tumour ...
Greenspoon J S - - 1993
Background: Nausea and vomiting are common during the first half of pregnancy and usually require only supportive measures. When symptoms are progressive and weight loss occurs, treatable causes should be sought by means of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. We report a case of an immunocompetent gravida with invasive Candida albicans esophagitis.Case: ...
Voss S - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the total number of pregnancy tests performed and the proportion that are repeated in one health district. To relate these results to the number of conceptions. DESIGN: Collection of data related to the numbers of pregnancy tests performed from all sources. Surveys of women booking for antenatal ...
Cowchock F S - - 1992
Our objective was to determine whether results from tests for maternal serum antinuclear antibodies, cytotoxic antibodies to paternal lymphocytes, parental histocompatibility types, and blocking factors for maternal-paternal mixed lymphocyte reactions were predictive of pregnancy outcome without immunologic treatment. Pregnancy outcome data from 95 women with a history of unexplained recurrent ...
Blyth B - - 1992
Calculi formed in 26 of 87 patients (30%) following augmentation enterocystoplasty, of which 23 formed within the reservoir, at a mean interval of 25 months postoperatively. The calculi were composed principally of triple phosphates suggesting an important etiological role of bacteriuria and the urease reaction. Open cystolithotomy was the most ...
Druzin M L - - 1992
Eight hundred and nineteen patients were evaluated at greater than or equal to 280 days' gestation. All patients underwent nonstress test (NST) and breast stimulation to induce contraction stress test (CST), except where contraindicated. If CST was nonqualifying (less than three contractions per ten minutes), Pitocin (oxytocin) was used to ...
Riezzo G - - 1992
Recently, it has been shown that changes in gastric electrical rhythm can be connected with clinical syndromes characterized by nausea and vomiting, among these the nausea of pregnancy. We studied gastric electrical activity during the first trimester of pregnancy in nine women with nausea and vomiting (study group) by means ...
DiIorio C - - 1992
This descriptive study examined pregnancy nausea to determine whether nausea occurred more frequently during the morning hours than during other times of day and if certain patterns of nausea exist. The 19 women who participated in the study kept daily diaries of their nausea experiences over a 7-day period, noting ...
Satin A J - - 1992
Esophageal achalasia is a rare disorder that may mimic nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Presentation or persistence of these symptoms in the latter half of pregnancy is unusual. We describe a case of third-trimester weight loss due to the nausea and vomiting of achalasia. Pneumatic dilation of the esophagus is ...
Mittendorf R - - 1992
Since the first report of an association between asymptomatic bacteriuria and low birth weight (less than 2,500 g) in 1962, greater than 30 other studies on the same subject have been published. Some of these confirmed this association while others disputed it. Now, however, by using meta-analysis (a technique considered ...
Gilbert A N - - 1991
Results of the National Geographic Smell Survey were used to investigate the effects of pregnancy on olfactory perception and odor-related behavior. The responses to test odors and survey questions of 13,610 pregnant and 277,228 nonpregnant U.S. women between 20 and 40 years of age were analyzed. In comparison to nonpregnant ...
Keith C G - - 1991
Two children developed congenital rubella infection when their mothers had been proven to be satisfactorily immunised against rubella before the affected pregnancy. One child was severely affected with heart lesions, brain damage, severe deafness, physical retardation, cataracts and rubella retinopathy. The other child had moderately severe sensorineural deafness and a ...
Palmer A W - - 1991
Soluble oral antacids are commonly used before anesthesia for cesarean section. The purpose of this prospective, single institution, randomized experimental study was to examine the relationship of oral administration of Bicitra (sodium citrate and citric acid) to the incidence of nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing elective cesarean section utilizing ...
Tookey P A - - 1991
Ninety-two pregnancies complicated by rubella vaccination were reported to the Rubella Vaccination in Pregnancy Study between 1981 and 1990. These pregnancies resulted in 87 live births, 3 stillbirths and two spontaneous abortions. One infant had serological evidence of congenital rubella infection but was healthy and normal with no indication of ...
Rossier E - - 1991
A failure to provide rubella immunization prior to conception, followed by failure to diagnose typical rubella during the first trimester of pregnancy, resulted in a case of congenital rubella syndrome. The ensuing malpractice suit was settled out of court 11 years later. Several reasons for the failure of prevention and ...
Koch K L - - 1990
Gastric dysrhythmias have been recorded from patients with a variety of nausea syndromes. The aim of this study was to measure gastric myoelectric activity in women with and without nausea during the first trimester of pregnancy. In 32 pregnant women gastric myoeletric activity was recorded for 30-45 min with cutaneous ...
- - 1990
Periodic testing for asymptomatic bacteriuria is recommended for persons with diabetes and for pregnant women, and it may also be clinically prudent in preschool children. In general, dipsticks combining the leukocyte esterase and nitrite tests should be used to detect asymptomatic bacteriuria. However, urine culture is a more accurate screening ...
Zolti M - - 1990
A case of reinfection with the wild rubella virus in the 8th gestational week is reported. The patient had preexisting hemagglutination inhibition antibodies of low titer following immunization with rubella vaccine. Reinfection was accompanied by clinical symptoms and the presence of rubella-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) of high titer. Following termination ...
Zinner S - - 1990
The Italian multihospital study of bacteriuria in pregnancy randomized 153 pregnant bacteriuric patients to receive fosfomycin trometamol (FT) as a single dose of 3 g and 138 such patients to receive conventional therapy with pipemidic acid (PA), 400 mg b.i.d. for seven days. The two groups were well matched for ...
Chin R K - - 1989
The incidence of nausea and vomiting-complicated pregnancy was determined in a district hospital in Hong Kong. Nausea was present in 11.4% and vomiting in 63.5% of pregnant women. Patients with vomiting complicating early pregnancy have a statistically significant higher incidence of antepartum haemorrhage of indeterminate origin. The incidences of medical ...
Weigel M M - - 1989
The association of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy with the outcome of pregnancy was investigated in a historical cohort of 903 women in Los Angeles, California, USA. Multivariable statistical methods were employed to control for the potential confounding effects of age, ethnicity, occupation, and anti-emetic use on pregnancy outcome. The ...
Weigel R M - - 1989
The generalizability of the apparent decreased risk of miscarriage and perinatal mortality associated with early pregnancy nausea and vomiting was investigated by examining data available from 11 previous studies. Statistical reanalyses of these studies indicated a strong significant association of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy with decreased risk of miscarriage, ...
Dyer A B - - 1989
Previous studies revealed that if socially reared mallard ducklings actively follow a stuffed mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) hen, they later show a visual preference for the familiar mallard hen over an unfamiliar redhead (Aythya americana) hen. The present study determined that the experience of actively following the hen is essential to ...
Shapiro D A - - 1989
Tay-Sachs carrier detection testing prior to pregnancy is more desirable than intra-pregnancy testing because it is technically easier, less expensive, and associated with less anxiety and less urgency. However, more than 80% of individuals referred for testing were pregnant women and/or their partners. The literature of the last several years ...
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