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Results 301 - 350 of 423
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Gabant P - - 1993
Two replicons were isolated independently from different IncHI1 plasmids. One was isolated from R27, and a second was isolated from pIP522. We demonstrate, by DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, that these maintenance regions are different and that they are specific to, and carried by, all IncHI1 plasmids tested. In view of this ...
Woolford T J - - 1993
Spontaneous perforation of the oesophagus is extremely rare in children, as is perforation due to vomiting in pregnancy. We report the case of a 15-year-old in whom vomiting in early pregnancy resulted in oesophageal perforation with subcutaneous emphysema causing marked facial swelling in the absence of other signs. The more ...
Nelson I C - - 1993
Results are presented of postmortem human tissue sampling and analysis for plutonium of Hanford Site workers, residents of the nearby Tri-Cities, and individuals residing farther away from the Hanford Site for the period 1970-1975. The majority of Hanford Site workers and nearby residents coming to autopsy had tissue concentrations of ...
Evans A T - - 1993
This study examined the effect of sensory affect stimulation (SAS) delivered through the volar surface of the wrist on pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting. Twenty-three women with significant nausea and vomiting in the first 14 weeks of pregnancy were enrolled in a randomized, crossover study comparing an active SAS unit and ...
Gadsby R - - 1993
The symptoms of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy were described by 363 pregnant women who kept daily symptom diaries. All delivered a single live baby. The majority of information collected was prospective, with the median day from last menstrual period to initial interview by the study midwife being day 57. ...
Doulut S - - 1993
The synthesis of N-[3-[(hydroxyamino) carbonyl]-1-oxo-2(R)-benzylpropyl]-L-isoleucyl-L-leucine (JMV-390-1, 6a), a multipeptidase inhibitor based on the C-terminal sequence common to neurotensin (NT) and neuromedin N (NN), is described. This compound behaves as a full inhibitor of the major NT/NN degrading enzymes in vitro, e.g. endopeptidase 24.16, endopeptidase 24.15, endopeptidase 24.11, and leucine aminopeptidase ...
Kiningham R B - - 1993
Asymptomatic bacteriuria occurs in 4 to 7 percent of pregnancies and is associated with the development of acute pyelonephritis, preterm labor and low-birth-weight infants. Treatment of bacteriuria prevents up to 80 percent of cases of pyelonephritis and reduces the risk of preterm delivery. All women should be screened for bacteriuria ...
Black Rita Beck - - 1993
This paper considers the psychosocial experience of women undergoing reproductive genetic testing, with attention to the impact of pregnancy loss after testing. New directions for research are called for to provide more in-depth understanding of the meaning of these experiences for women and their male partners.
Chen F P - - 1993
A G1 PO, 25-year-old woman, who was confirmed to have a natural immunity to rubella before pregnancy, was found to have rubella reinfection with positive rubella IgM antibody at seven weeks of gestation. At 23 weeks' gestation, she received fetal cordocentesis in which fetal blood tests were negative for rubella-specific ...
Gulley R M - - 1993
Hyperemesis gravidarum, an antepartem disorder characterized by severe nausea and vomiting, is usually a benign condition with a favorable outcome. Although no increase in fetal or maternal morbidity results, the disorder has deleterious effects on both nutrition and everyday life. The authors describe a treatment protocol for hyperemesis gravidarum that ...
Colangelo N - - 1993
This paper focuses on mechanical inventiveness, the conception and development of new devices which require use of mechanical principles. In Phase 1 of the three-phase investigation, we studied 34 inventors who received between three and 82 agricultural and industrial patents. These inventors formed the original criterion group of mechanical inventors. ...
Thomason J E - - 1993
Seventeen surgically confirmed acoustic neuroma subjects and seventeen radiologically confirmed non-tumour subjects with retrocochlear pathology of unknown aetiology were selected to investigate retrospectively the diagnostic yield of basic audiological test procedures. Puretone audiometry, tympanometry, reflexometry and auditory brainstem response audiometry were used in the identification of acoustic neuromas versus non-tumour ...
Greenspoon J S - - 1993
Background: Nausea and vomiting are common during the first half of pregnancy and usually require only supportive measures. When symptoms are progressive and weight loss occurs, treatable causes should be sought by means of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. We report a case of an immunocompetent gravida with invasive Candida albicans esophagitis.Case: ...
Voss S - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the total number of pregnancy tests performed and the proportion that are repeated in one health district. To relate these results to the number of conceptions. DESIGN: Collection of data related to the numbers of pregnancy tests performed from all sources. Surveys of women booking for antenatal ...
Cowchock F S - - 1992
Our objective was to determine whether results from tests for maternal serum antinuclear antibodies, cytotoxic antibodies to paternal lymphocytes, parental histocompatibility types, and blocking factors for maternal-paternal mixed lymphocyte reactions were predictive of pregnancy outcome without immunologic treatment. Pregnancy outcome data from 95 women with a history of unexplained recurrent ...
Blyth B - - 1992
Calculi formed in 26 of 87 patients (30%) following augmentation enterocystoplasty, of which 23 formed within the reservoir, at a mean interval of 25 months postoperatively. The calculi were composed principally of triple phosphates suggesting an important etiological role of bacteriuria and the urease reaction. Open cystolithotomy was the most ...
Druzin M L - - 1992
Eight hundred and nineteen patients were evaluated at greater than or equal to 280 days' gestation. All patients underwent nonstress test (NST) and breast stimulation to induce contraction stress test (CST), except where contraindicated. If CST was nonqualifying (less than three contractions per ten minutes), Pitocin (oxytocin) was used to ...
Riezzo G - - 1992
Recently, it has been shown that changes in gastric electrical rhythm can be connected with clinical syndromes characterized by nausea and vomiting, among these the nausea of pregnancy. We studied gastric electrical activity during the first trimester of pregnancy in nine women with nausea and vomiting (study group) by means ...
DiIorio C - - 1992
This descriptive study examined pregnancy nausea to determine whether nausea occurred more frequently during the morning hours than during other times of day and if certain patterns of nausea exist. The 19 women who participated in the study kept daily diaries of their nausea experiences over a 7-day period, noting ...
Satin A J - - 1992
Esophageal achalasia is a rare disorder that may mimic nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Presentation or persistence of these symptoms in the latter half of pregnancy is unusual. We describe a case of third-trimester weight loss due to the nausea and vomiting of achalasia. Pneumatic dilation of the esophagus is ...
Mittendorf R - - 1992
Since the first report of an association between asymptomatic bacteriuria and low birth weight (less than 2,500 g) in 1962, greater than 30 other studies on the same subject have been published. Some of these confirmed this association while others disputed it. Now, however, by using meta-analysis (a technique considered ...
Gilbert A N - - 1991
Results of the National Geographic Smell Survey were used to investigate the effects of pregnancy on olfactory perception and odor-related behavior. The responses to test odors and survey questions of 13,610 pregnant and 277,228 nonpregnant U.S. women between 20 and 40 years of age were analyzed. In comparison to nonpregnant ...
Keith C G - - 1991
Two children developed congenital rubella infection when their mothers had been proven to be satisfactorily immunised against rubella before the affected pregnancy. One child was severely affected with heart lesions, brain damage, severe deafness, physical retardation, cataracts and rubella retinopathy. The other child had moderately severe sensorineural deafness and a ...
Palmer A W - - 1991
Soluble oral antacids are commonly used before anesthesia for cesarean section. The purpose of this prospective, single institution, randomized experimental study was to examine the relationship of oral administration of Bicitra (sodium citrate and citric acid) to the incidence of nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing elective cesarean section utilizing ...
Tookey P A - - 1991
Ninety-two pregnancies complicated by rubella vaccination were reported to the Rubella Vaccination in Pregnancy Study between 1981 and 1990. These pregnancies resulted in 87 live births, 3 stillbirths and two spontaneous abortions. One infant had serological evidence of congenital rubella infection but was healthy and normal with no indication of ...
Rossier E - - 1991
A failure to provide rubella immunization prior to conception, followed by failure to diagnose typical rubella during the first trimester of pregnancy, resulted in a case of congenital rubella syndrome. The ensuing malpractice suit was settled out of court 11 years later. Several reasons for the failure of prevention and ...
Koch K L - - 1990
Gastric dysrhythmias have been recorded from patients with a variety of nausea syndromes. The aim of this study was to measure gastric myoelectric activity in women with and without nausea during the first trimester of pregnancy. In 32 pregnant women gastric myoeletric activity was recorded for 30-45 min with cutaneous ...
- - 1990
Recommendation: Periodic testing for asymptomatic bacteriuria is recommended for persons with diabetes and for pregnant women, and it may also be clinically prudent in preschool children. In general, dipsticks combining the leukocyte esterase and nitrite tests should be used to detect asymptomatic bacteriuria. However, urine culture is a more accurate ...
Zolti M - - 1990
A case of reinfection with the wild rubella virus in the 8th gestational week is reported. The patient had preexisting hemagglutination inhibition antibodies of low titer following immunization with rubella vaccine. Reinfection was accompanied by clinical symptoms and the presence of rubella-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) of high titer. Following termination ...
Zinner S - - 1990
The Italian multihospital study of bacteriuria in pregnancy randomized 153 pregnant bacteriuric patients to receive fosfomycin trometamol (FT) as a single dose of 3 g and 138 such patients to receive conventional therapy with pipemidic acid (PA), 400 mg b.i.d. for seven days. The two groups were well matched for ...
Chin R K - - 1989
The incidence of nausea and vomiting-complicated pregnancy was determined in a district hospital in Hong Kong. Nausea was present in 11.4% and vomiting in 63.5% of pregnant women. Patients with vomiting complicating early pregnancy have a statistically significant higher incidence of antepartum haemorrhage of indeterminate origin. The incidences of medical ...
Weigel M M - - 1989
The association of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy with the outcome of pregnancy was investigated in a historical cohort of 903 women in Los Angeles, California, USA. Multivariable statistical methods were employed to control for the potential confounding effects of age, ethnicity, occupation, and anti-emetic use on pregnancy outcome. The ...
Weigel R M - - 1989
The generalizability of the apparent decreased risk of miscarriage and perinatal mortality associated with early pregnancy nausea and vomiting was investigated by examining data available from 11 previous studies. Statistical reanalyses of these studies indicated a strong significant association of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy with decreased risk of miscarriage, ...
Dyer A B - - 1989
Previous studies revealed that if socially reared mallard ducklings actively follow a stuffed mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) hen, they later show a visual preference for the familiar mallard hen over an unfamiliar redhead (Aythya americana) hen. The present study determined that the experience of actively following the hen is essential to ...
Shapiro D A - - 1989
Tay-Sachs carrier detection testing prior to pregnancy is more desirable than intra-pregnancy testing because it is technically easier, less expensive, and associated with less anxiety and less urgency. However, more than 80% of individuals referred for testing were pregnant women and/or their partners. The literature of the last several years ...
Chu C C - - 1989
The bending stiffness of 22 commercial suture materials of varying size, chemical structure and physical form was quantitatively evaluated using a stiffness tester (Taber V-5, model 150B, Teledyne). The commercial sutures were Chromic catgut; Dexon (polyglycolic acid); Vicryl (polyglactin 910); PDS (polydioxanone); Maxon (polyglycolide-trimethylene carbonate); Silk (coated with silicone); Mersilene ...
Schneider Z - - 1989
This study investigated the cognitive functioning of 33 women prior to conception and during pregnancy. Each subject completed four psychological learning tests each week at home. Every alternative week a comprehension test was administered. Six questions relating to motivation, mood and interest were asked prior to each testing session. Following ...
Schneider Z - - 1989
This study investigated the cognitive functioning of 33 women prior to conception and during pregnancy. Each subject completed four psychological learning tests each week at home. Every alternative week a comprehension test was administered. Six questions relating to motivation, mood and interest were asked prior to each testing session. Following ...
Weninger J - - 1988
LPS-specific monoclonal antibodies induced against Y. enterocolitica serotype O:9 bacteria and against Y. enterocolitica O:3 were used in a comparative study to characterize the O:9 and O:3 LPS. Yersinia bacteria grown at 22 degrees C and 37 degrees C and LPS preparations thereof were tested. SDS-PAGE, Western blot analysis and ...
Bechi P - - 1988
Twelve partially gastrectomized subjects who have consecutively undergone total biliary diversion for severe bilious vomiting were studied before and after operation in order to assess the effects of surgery on gastric histology and enterogastric reflux. Before and six months after operation, the following protocol was performed: (1) blood examinations including ...
Vellacott I D - - 1988
To study the problem of nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy an epidemiological survey was undertaken, obtaining information from 500 consecutive antenatal patients. Seventy-six percent of women complained of symptoms during the first trimester, and in only 27% had the symptoms resolved by the twelfth week. Job efficiency was markedly ...
Spanò C - - 1988
A serological survey was carried out by means of an ELISA capture-immunoassay for IgM and by means of the haemagglutino-inhibition method or ELISA for IgG antibodies on 715 women in fertile age and on 12 patients suffering from rubella or rubella-like syndrome. Fetal serum samples were obtained at fetoscopy from ...
Freij B J - - 1988
The major goal of rubella immunization is the prevention of the congenital rubella syndrome. As many as 20 per cent of women in the reproductive age group in the United States continue to be susceptible to rubella despite the immunization programs currently in place. Intensified efforts are therefore needed to ...
Lee T Y - - 1988
A Chinese herbal medicine Lu-Shen-Wan, which contains 6 ingredients, is sometimes applied topically to treat boils, carbuncles and other skin infections. 2 elderly women developed a rash after applying Lu-Shen-Wan. Patch tests showed positive reactions to Lu-Shen-Wan and to one of its 6 ingredients, Venenum Bufonis. A study in 15 ...
Iatrakis G M - - 1988
Vomiting and nausea occur in many pregnant women, in the first trimester of pregnancy, but the etiology of these symptoms is obscure. A specially constructed questionnaire was administered to 102 pregnant women, in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, in an effort to see with which factors these disturbing symptoms ...
Jarnfelt-Samsioe A - - 1987
Throughout pregnancy, women with nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy showed a different metabolic pattern compared to asymptomatic pregnancies. Women suffering from nausea and vomiting seem to have a low "functional reserve" of their liver capacity and could tentatively be described as hypersensitive to estrogens or their metabolites, e.g., catecholestrogens. ...
Quarrell O W - - 1987
55 couples where one partner was at 50% risk of Huntington's disease (HD) were investigated with a DNA probe closely linked to HD, with a view to exclusion testing in a future pregnancy. In 3 of 9 pregnancies so far, HD was excluded in the absence of recombination. In 3 ...
Pedler S J - - 1987
Bacteriuria of pregnancy is a common condition which, although usually asymptomatic, may give rise to potentially serious sequelae. All pregnant women should therefore be screened for the presence of bacteriuria, which if detected should be treated with an antimicrobial agent believed to be safe for use in pregnancy. Appropriate antimicrobial ...
Bitsch M - - 1987
During the period 1975 to 1984, 1,346 pregnant women had the diagnosis of rubella serologically confirmed. The incidence was one per 530 pregnancies. Of 1,330 women, 623 were subjected to therapeutic abortion. Thirty-five aborted spontaneously and 672 continued pregnancy; among these, four infants were stillborn. In 111 of 520 infants, ...
Tierson F D - - 1986
The pattern of nausea and/or vomiting of pregnancy were investigated in a group of 414 predominantly white, upper middle-class women in Albany, New York; patterns were ascertained before their eighty-eighth day of gestation and followed up to the end of pregnancy. Of these, 89.4% reported at least some symptoms. This ...
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