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Results 251 - 300 of 439
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Moser D E - - 2001
The crustal remnants of Earth's Archean continents have been shielded from mantle convection by thick roots of ancient mantle lithosphere. The precise time of crust-root coupling (tectosphere birth) is poorly known but is needed to test competing theories of continental plate genesis. Our mapping and geochronology of an impact-generated section ...
Steele N M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of continuous acupressure at P6 applied by Sea-Bands with acupressure buttons on the frequency and severity of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy during the 1 st trimester. DESIGN: A two-group, quasi-experimental, posttest-only and posttest-repeated measure. SETTING: Seventeen medical clinics or offices in southern Michigan. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Nakamura T - - 2001
The crisis frequency of stress incontinence (SI) is known to be high among pregnant women. This preliminary study was performed to determine whether the diagnostic standard of the Q-tip test used in the diagnosis of SI in nonpregnant women is applicable to pregnant women. The Q-tip tests were performed regularly ...
Velayudhan A - - 2001
Presentations of Anorexia Nervosa in India are usually atypical and anorexia is more commonly a symptom rather than a syndrome. This report highlights a case of anorexia following medical termination of pregnancy and laproscopic sterilisation, its association with conflicts regarding childbirth and motherhood in a 34 year old woman and ...
Tan K H - - 2001
Antenatal maternal glucose administration has been suggested to improve the efficiency of antepartum fetal heart rate testing. The objective of this review was to assess the merits or adverse effects of antenatal maternal glucose administration in conjunction with tests of fetal wellbeing. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group ...
Smith C - - 2000
Nausea and vomiting are troublesome symptoms occurring in the first trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to describe the impact these symptoms have on women in early pregnancy by interviewing, using a structured questionnaire, 593 pregnant women presenting with nausea and vomiting in the first trimester of ...
Carlsson C P - - 2000
Hyperemesis gravidarum, severe vomiting, develops in about 1-2% of all pregnancies. Acupuncture on the point PC6 above the wrist on the palmar side has been found to prevent some types of nausea and vomiting. The purpose of the present study was to see if acupuncture, in addition to standard treatment, ...
Mazzotta P - - 2000
Unlike severe nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), it is not known whether milder forms of NVP have been associated with psychosocial morbidity. We undertook the study to explore the prevalence of psychosocial morbidity by severity of NVP, and determine whether, after correction for severity of nausea/vomiting, there is a ...
Aboudy Y - - 2000
We report a documented case of clinically apparent rubella reinfection during pregnancy with rubelliform rash and fever followed by lymphodenopathy at the 18th week of gestation, in a previously vaccinated woman with haemagglutination inhibition (HI) antibody titre of 1:32. The serological tests results (including neutralizing antibodies) demonstrated a significant rise ...
Meyer T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Incompetent perforating veins of the medial calf, i.e. those of the Cockett groups, play a major role in the developement of chronic venous insufficiency. The aim of the present study was to test the value of duplex ultrasonography (DUS) in the diagnosis of function and localisation of those veins. ...
Sipiora M L - - 2000
Hyperemesis gravidarum or severe vomiting during pregnancy is a condition of elusive etiology that can harm both mother and fetus. This study examined the association between increased bitter-taste perception and history of hyperemesis gravidarum. Bitter-taste perception varies genetically and can be altered with conditions that damage taste-related cranial nerves. Sixty ...
Lacroix R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to provide a detailed description of patterns of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study was performed with 160 women who provided daily recordings of frequency, duration, and severity of nausea and vomiting. RESULTS: Seventy-four percent of women reported nausea lasting a mean ...
- - 2000
I have a 30-year-old pregnant patient who is asthmatic and is taking prednisone. Whenever she decreases her prednisone dose, her nausea increases tremendously even though she is taking two tablets of doxylamine and pyridoxine combination (Diclectin) daily. She is already at 26 weeks' gestation, and I really do not want ...
Batista J F - - 2000
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a biocide and a corrosion inhibitor against the corrosion of a circulating pipe in a cooling tower. Isothiazolone was tested as the industrial biocide. The results showed that the biocide by itself or combined with a dispersant was ...
Eliakim R - - 2000
Hyperemesis gravidarum or pernicious vomiting of pregnancy affects between 0.3% and 2% of all pregnant patients. The objective of this paper is to review current literature pertaining to epidemiology, etiology, symptomatology, complications, treatment, and perinatal outcome of patients with hyperemesis gravidarum. We performed a MEDLINE search of the English literature ...
Bishai R - - 2000
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is the most common condition in pregnancy and affects up to 80% of all pregnant women. There are a large number of pharmacological agents that are effective for the treatment of nausea and vomiting associated with conditions such as motion sickness and gastrointestinal conditions; however, ...
Jewell D - - 2000
Nausea and vomiting are the most common symptoms experienced in early pregnancy, with nausea affecting between 70 and 85% of women. About half of pregnant women experience vomiting. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of different methods of treating nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. We ...
Entani T - - 1999
Self-incompatibility in Solanaceae is controlled by a single multiallelic locus, the S-locus. The S-allele associated ribonucleases (S-RNases) in the pistil are involved in pollen rejection. In this work, we analyzed two newly isolated lines of Petunia hybrida, termed PB and PF. They both had the same set of S-RNases (SB1- ...
Zhou Q - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Relationships between the severity of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy and selected demographic (employment status, parity, age, smoking) and pregnancy outcome (birthweight, gender) variables are described. METHODS: Women who volunteered for a community-based clinical trial were eligible for inclusion in this study. On three occasions, 12 hours apart, during ...
Wheeler M - - 1999
Home pregnancy test kits are more sensitive than many pregnancy kits used in laboratories or health centres. Nurses should know the sensitivity of the kit used in their centre or laboratory. A positive home pregnancy test should always be treated as the correct result until sufficient tests have been carried ...
Haug R H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this in vitro investigation was to determine whether the number or pattern of placement of positional screws affected their ability to resist vertical loads resembling mastication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standardized bone substitutes were secured with varying numbers of 17.0-mm-long, 2.0-mm outer diameter, self-tapping titanium screws (W. ...
O'Brien B - - 1999
Professional and indigenous midwives are rich and appropriate sources of information about antenatal comfort measures. Midwives from a variety of geographic and cultural areas were interviewed to further our understanding of the phenomenon of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP). The midwives offered general physiological, psychological, and socioeconomic etiological theories ...
Poletto L - - 1999
The performances of a CCD detector have been evaluated in a wide spectral region, which ranges from the near IR to the soft x ray. Four different experimental setups have been used: a Czerny-Turner monochromator for the 1100-250-nm region, a normal-incidence Johnson-Onaka monochromator for the 250-30-nm region, a grazing-incidence Rowland ...
Ho K Y - - 1998
The present study was undertaken to estimate the prevalence and time course of reflux-type symptoms in Singaporean women and to determine if these symptoms were associated with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Consecutive pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy were recruited during attendance at an antenatal clinic in ...
Cheffins T - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To describe the impact of rubella immunisation on the incidence of rubella, congenital rubella syndrome and rubella-related terminations of pregnancy in South Australia, and to identify factors associated with a re-emerging problem. DESIGN AND METHODS: A population-based descriptive study using data from South Australian notifications of disease, births and ...
Suh C H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: There have been several reports on respiratory allergic symptoms induced by pollen of oilseed rape. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report dealing with oilseed rape dust mainly composed of seeds, as an occupational allergen in the grain industry. In this paper, we present a ...
Snell L H - - 1998
Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy affect approximately 50% to 70% of all pregnant women. Although most cases of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy resolve spontaneously and are not associated with compromised nutritional status, a small percentage of cases progress to hyperemesis gravidarum (severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy). Hyperemesis gravidarum ...
Mazzotta P - - 1998
QUESTIONSome of my pregnant patients have trouble functioning because of morning sickness. In particular, they are afraid to take medications. They end up losing weight, quitting work, and dropping out of other activities. What can I do to allay their fears?ANSWERWomen often benefit from knowing that they are not alone ...
Ikomi A - - 1998
This study addresses the likelihood of false negative urine pregnancy test results, due to physiological urine dilution as described in some anecdotal reports. In this prospective study 320 pregnancy tests were performed on urine samples of varying concentrations obtained from 40 women, with suspected complications of early pregnancy, who had ...
Knight K K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to see if the model of NVG affects stereoacuity. METHODS: We tested 13 male and 2 female aircrew with the Aviator's Night Vision Imaging System (ANVIS) and F4949 NVGs. Visual acuity was measured using the NVG Resolution Grid and stereopsis was determined using a modified ...
Langner E - - 1998
Ginger is well known in the form of ginger sticks or ginger ale. If these are consumed during travel, the traveler imbibes, albeit subconsciously, a healing plant for motion sickness. The efficacy of ginger rhizome for the prevention of nausea, dizziness, and vomiting as symptoms of motion sickness (kinetosis), as ...
Aikins Murphy P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To review available evidence about the effectiveness of alternative therapies for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and 13 additional US and international data bases were searched in 1996-1997 for papers that described use of alternative medicine in the treatment of pregnancy and pregnancy complications, specifically those ...
Shaniztki B - - 1997
Attachment of Fusobacterium nucleatum to various oral surfaces is mediated by several adhesins anchored on its outer surface. Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were prepared and used to identify the putative galactose-binding adhesin of F. nucleatum PK1594. Four unique MAbs, 8G7, 26B9, 28G11, and 29D4, were isolated on the basis of their ...
Halpern M - - 1997
The anterior processes of snakes may transfer odorants from the tongue to the vomeronasal (VN) organ. To test whether the anterior processes are required for a vomeronasally mediated behavior, the authors tested garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis) preoperatively and after cauterization of the anterior processes or control cauterization with artificial earthworms ...
Wack R F - - 1997
Three cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) had a clinical history of chronic spiral bacteria-associated gastritis and three cheetahs had no clinical history of gastritis. Gastric biopsies were obtained from all six cheetahs prior to treatment for gastritis and 3 wk and 1 yr posttreatment. The cheetahs were treated with tetracycline hydrochloride 500 ...
O'Brien B - - 1997
Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy can have a profound effect on the lives of some women. Symptoms have been reported across cultures and throughout recorded history, but interventions that consistently relieve symptoms have not been documented. As part of a larger study, strategies or situations that stimulate or relieve nausea ...
Condorelli F - - 1997
A more precise determination of the date of primary rubella infection in pregnancy is obtained by application of the urea denaturation method. Two denaturation buffers containing 6 and 8 M urea were compared for the detection of rubella IgG avidity by enzyme immunoassay. The results demonstrate that IgG avidity detected ...
Aboudy Y - - 1997
We report a documented case of rubella reinfection during pregnancy in a previously vaccinated woman with residual antibody titre to rubella of 15 IU/ml. The reinfection occurred following an exposure to rubella virus (contact with 6-year-old daughter with clinical rubella) between the 7th and 10th week of pregnancy which resulted ...
Aerts A - - 1997
Pharmacologic stimulation during head-up tilt test (HUT) is used to increase the diagnostic yield of the test to detect vasovagal syncope. Reported lack of specificity of stimulation with intravenous isoproterenol has made a pharmacologic alternative desirable. Because nitrates are known to cause syncope of a vasovagal origin, we administered sublingual ...
Patel N - - 1997
PURPOSE: To evaluate tapes and taping methods with respect to the minimum force required to dislodge endotracheal tubes (ETTs). METHODS: A simulated face model consisting of a section of PVC pipe was used. The ETT was attached to a piezo-electric force transducer and pullout force was manually applied in a ...
Gadsby R - - 1997
We report the correlation between total hours of nausea in early pregnancy, as a continuous variable, and various factors in women's obstetric and personal histories. Positive correlations for increased nausea were found with heavier placentae (p = 0.005), non-smoking status (p = 0.004), women with nausea in previous pregnancies (p ...
Hötzl B K - - 1997
(+)-(R)- and (-)-(S)-salsolinol, dopamine-derived tetrahydroisoquinolines, were tested as substrates of pig brain soluble and membrane-bound catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) and as inhibitors of O-methylation of dopamine by soluble COMT in vitro. Methylation products were separated by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. Quantification of the products showed that O-methylation of (+)-(R)-salsolinol by ...
Brown J E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to test a widely publicized theory that nausea and vomiting of pregnancy protects women from ingesting certain vegetables and other foods that produce congenital anomalies and other adverse outcomes of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: The theory was tested with use of data on dietary ...
Schlit A F - - 1996
Pregnancy induces several haemostatic perturbations. Some authors described possible acquired activated protein C resistance (APCR) during normal pregnancy. We wanted to test this possibility and to evaluate if this acquired APCR might contribute to the known increased tendency to thrombosis associated with pregnancy. To answer the first hypothesis, we tested ...
Waldmeier M D - - 1996
The flexibility of the wrought wire clasp is related to a number of factors, including the type and gauge of the alloy. The purpose of this study was to compare the bend behavior of five wrought wire alloys used in removable partial dentures. The alloys and their gauge diameters (in ...
Cooper P N - - 1996
Two cases of Coxsackie B viral meningo-encephalitis in pregnant women are described. Both patients recovered well and delivered healthy babies, but because of delay in establishing the aetiology of their infections both mothers, and one child, received acyclovir therapy. The differential diagnosis of non-pyogenic meningo-encephalitis in late pregnancy can present ...
Jacobs M C - - 1995
We have reviewed our patch test results for preservative allergy from 1982 to 1993. 8 preservatives were included: formaldehyde, 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol (Bronopol(TM)), quaternium-15 (Dowicil 200TM), imidazolidinyl urea (Germall 115TM), diazolidinyl urea (Germall IITM), parabens, 5-chloro-2methyl-isothiazolin-3-one (Kathon CG(TM)) and 1,2-dibromo-2,4-dicyanobutane (one of the constituents of Euxyl K 400TM). Whereas the allergy rate ...
Nathan L - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Cerebellar hemangioblastomas are unusual benign neoplasms that may go undetected for years. When associated with pregnancy, however, these tumors may undergo rapid expression and promote progression of symptomatology. CASE: A 28-year-old woman with ataxia and left-sided weakness was diagnosed with cerebellar hemangioblastoma in the second trimester of pregnancy following ...
Ishii S - - 1995
A variety of orientation cues has been suggested for the migration to the breeding site in adult amphibians. We categorized the cues into the following 3 groups: 1) cues from the breeding pond such as male calling and pond odors, 2) celestial cues such as the sun light and the ...
O'Brien B - - 1995
Seventy to 90 percent of all pregnant women experience nausea, and 50 percent have at least one episode of vomiting or retching. A continuous measure was used to quantify symptoms of nausea with or without vomiting or retching during pregnancy in 126 women. Relationships between symptoms and selected variables were ...
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