Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 423
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Petitjean Audrey - - 2002
Load-limiting belt restraints have been present in French cars since 1995. An accident study showed the greater effectiveness in thorax injury prevention using a 4 kN load limiter belt with an airbag than using a 6 kN load limiter belt without airbag. The criteria for thoracic tolerance used in regulatory ...
Osbrink Weste L A - - 2002
Seven selected insecticides were applied to three substrates and bioassayed for barrier efficacy and toxicity against the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, originating from colonies that differed in their tolerance to the insecticides. A profound substrate effect was seen with all insecticides tested. Sand was the most difficult substrate ...
Swallow B L - - 2002
Severity of nausea, retching and vomiting was determined using a newly developed nausea and vomiting in pregnancy instrument (NVPI) in two groups of pregnant women at two gestational time periods. Participants at Time 1 (approximately gestational week 9), completed a postal questionnaire (N = 643) and those at Time 2 ...
Saito Ryota - - 2002
Three 3-hydroxymonoazine- and three N-hydroxydiazine-type heterocycles were tested whether they act as artificial siderophores toward Aureobacterium flavescens JG-9 (ATCC No. 25091). Among them, 1-hydroxy-3,5,6-trimethyl-2(1H)-pyrazinone (3) showed the highest growth-promotion activity comparable to desferrioxamine B (DFB), a natural trihydroxamate siderophore, at 48.5 microM or above, followed by 1-hydroxy-5,6-dimethyl-2(1H)-pyrazinone (2), 1-hydroxy-4,6-dimethyl-2(1H)-pyrimidinone (1), ...
O'Brien Beverley - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Despite ongoing investigations into specific causes of and treatments for pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting, it remains a common phenomenon of varying intensity that affects the quality of life for both affected women and their families. OBJECTIVE: To understand how women cope with severe nausea, vomiting, and/or retching during pregnancy. ...
Chandra Kiran - - 2002
Many of my patients prefer to use natural or herbal medicines, such as ginger, before taking drugs to treat nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Is there evidence that ginger is safe to use during pregnancy? Is it effective? Although ginger is used in many cultures to treat the symptoms of ...
Holland E J - - 2002
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the ventilatory characteristics of vented and non-vented helmets for use in forestry harvesting operations. A ventilation index developed by Birnbaum and Crockford (1978) was used to determine the ventilation capacity of twelve helmets varying in design and presence, location, and dimension of ...
Kanari Basundhara - - 2002
Submerged culture fermentation studies were carried out in batch mode for optimizing the environmental parameters and carbon source requirement by Pseudomonas elodea for the production of gellan gum. The maximum production of gellan gum was obtained with 16-h-old culture and 8% inoculum at 30 degrees C and pH 7.0 after ...
Smith C - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have concluded that acupuncture is safe in the hands of a qualified practitioner. This study assessed the risk of adverse effects of acupuncture administered during pregnancy. METHODS: 593 women with nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy volunteered to participate in a randomised controlled trial, conducted at the ...
Wong Eva P F - - 2002
PURPOSE: The Howell phoria card, a new modification of the Prentice design, has no previously published validity or reliability data. The purpose of this study was to compare the interexaminer repeatability of the Howell phoria card with established tests. METHOD: Experienced optometrists measured the near heterophoria of 72 subjects. Heterophoria ...
Jurng Jongsoo - - 2002
Experiments were performed to investigate various adsorbents for their mercury removal capabilities from incineration flue gases. Four different materials were tested; Zeolite, Bentonite, activated carbon (AC), and wood char. Real incineration off-gas and in-lab simulated combustion flue gases (N2 + Hg) were used. Three cylindrical-shaped sorbent columns with 5 cm ...
Sherman Paul W - - 2002
The proximate mechanisms underlying gestational nausea and vomiting have been intensively studied, but the possibility that the symptoms themselves serve a useful function has only recently been considered seriously. We synthesized evidence to evaluate various hypotheses for the adaptive significance of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, as well as the ...
Goodwin Thomas Murphy - - 2002
Although the cause of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is not known, there is strong evidence linking human chorionic gonadoptropin or estrogens. Evidence is presented to show that the incidence and severity of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is linked to temporal and pathologic alterations in these hormones during pregnancy. ...
Koch Kenneth L - - 2002
The objective of this review is to outline gastrointestinal factors that may be relevant to nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Gastric neuromuscular dysfunctions of the stomach include abnormalities in gastric myoelectrical activity, gastric tone, and contractility, all of which may result in gastroparesis. These abnormalities in gastric neural activity and ...
Lee Richard V - - 2002
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, "morning sickness", is a common contemporary complaint. Many pregnant patients note alterations in smell and taste which can precipitate "morning sickness", symptoms that characterize early gestation. Epidemiologic studies suggest that pregnancies accompanied by "morning sickness" have better outcomes than asymptomatic pregnancies. The intimate connection between ...
Sung Seung Mo - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), a self-report questionnaire based on Cloninger's biosocial model of personality. The TCI was translated into Korean and administered to 851 Korean college students. A test-retest study of ...
Roscoe Joseph A - - 2002
We review the published literature examining the efficacy of acupressure and acustimulation wrist bands for the relief of nausea, with special emphasis on the alleviation of nausea associated with pregnancy. We also present preliminary data from an open-label study on the efficacy of acustimulation bands for control of chemotherapy nausea. ...
Koren Gideon - - 2002
Women and health care providers commonly overestimate the teratogenic risk of medications in pregnancy. With regard to nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, this leads to an underutilization of pharmacologic therapy. Pregnancy termination has even been elected in some circumstances when safe and effective alternatives for nausea have not been attempted. ...
Heinrichs LeRoy - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The experience of women was sought about nausea and vomiting, its relation to olfaction, its occurrence among pregnant women with anosmia, and the potential association of hyperemesis gravidarum and migraine headache. METHODS: We performed a community-based study with a physician/patient-directed questionnaire, and a retrospective analysis of hospital records. RESULTS: ...
Matteson Sara - - 2002
Literature related to the prevalence and etiology of anticipatory nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy is reviewed. Physiologic causes and psychological factors, including expectations, beliefs, and conditioning, are examined to help explain these phenomena. The efficacy of pharmacologic and behavioral treatments is discussed. Similarities between the experience of anticipatory nausea ...
Black F Owen - - 2002
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy shares many characteristics with motion sickness, a vestibular dependent phenomenon. A number of physiologic changes that occur in normal pregnancy are also known to accompany nausea and vomiting in patients with motion sickness and certain vestibular disorders. This chapter summarizes some shared features of both ...
Magee Laura A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to review the safety and effectiveness of available antiemetics for treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a quantitative and qualitative overview of observational controlled studies for drug safety in pregnancy and randomized controlled trials for drug effectiveness for nausea and vomiting ...
Källén B - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of antihistamine use in early pregnancy on delivery outcome. METHODS: Using prospectively collected information on drug use in early pregnancy, delivery outcome was studied among 17 266 women with 17 776 deliveries and 18 197 infants. The analysis was performed according to the main reason ...
Munch Shari - - 2002
There is a multiplicity of proposed causes, yet a scarcity of research regarding the pregnancy complication, hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), severe nausea and vomiting. This is not unlike other female medical conditions that have been underinvestigated, and perhaps as a result, erroneous assumptions about them persist. This is a report of ...
Jewell D - - 2002
Nausea and vomiting are the most common symptoms experienced in early pregnancy, with nausea affecting between 70 and 85% of women. About half of pregnant women experience vomiting. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of different methods of treating nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. We ...
Shih H C - - 2001
The study was undertaken to determine the effects of HLA-B27 subtypes on susceptibility to ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in Taiwan Chinese, a polymerase chain reaction-restrictive fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method was developed for subtyping of HLA-B27. In this series, there are 62 patients with AS who were tested HLA-B27 positive serologically ...
Slotnick R N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of P-6 acustimulation for the relief of nausea and vomiting associated with early pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-one patients were treated with a P-6 acustimulation device at the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School. Pretreatment nausea severity, posttreatment nausea relief and device ...
Fessler D M - - 2001
Immunosuppression during pregnancy makes the mother vulnerable to pathogens. Because meat is the principal source of ingestible pathogens, pregnancy raises the costs of meat eating. Natural selection has crafted a mechanism involving changes in nausea susceptibility and olfactory perception that reduces meat consumption during pregnancy. Evidence is presented showing that ...
Werntoft E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the antiemetic effect of acupressure at the Neiguan point (P6) in a group of healthy women with normal pregnancy and nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) with a similar group receiving acupressure at a placebo point and another, similar group not receiving any treatment. STUDY DESIGN: A ...
Abarca D - - 2001
A new chloroplastic Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) isoenzyme was identified in Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Cvi. Genetic analyses indicated that the new isoenzyme was encoded by a Cvi-specific allele of Csd2 that was named Csd2-2. Paraquat treatments of A. thaliana ecotypes Ler and Cvi resulted in higher levels of chloroplastic Cu/Zn-SOD activity ...
Mattsson U - - 2001
The immunological relationship of the hydrogenase in Frankia KB5 to hydrogenases in other microorganisms was investigated using antisera raised against holo-[NiFe]-hydrogenases isolated from Alcaligenes latus, Azotobacter vinelandii, Ralstonia eutropha, and the small and large hydrogenase subunits from Bradyrhizobium japonicum. The antisera raised against the A. latus, R. eutropha, and B. ...
Weitz H J - - 2001
A mini-Tn5 transposon was modified to introduce a promoterless luxCDABE cassette from Vibrio fischeri into environmentally relevant bacterial strains in order to develop bioluminescence-based biosensors for toxicity testing. The mini-Tn5 luxCDABE transposon was chromosomally integrated downstream from an active promoter into two Pseudomonas strains (Pseudomonas fluorescens 8866 and Pseudomonas putida ...
Al-Jazairy Y H - - 2001
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The practice of veneering compomers to amalgam restorations has not been studied. PURPOSE: This in vitro study was designed to assess the shear peel bond strength and fracture pattern of 3 currently available compomers veneered to amalgam. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty cylindrical preparations were filled with amalgam. ...
Van Calenbergh S G - - 2001
Brain tumours in pregnancy are rare. In this case vomiting and headache were the only signs. An assessment of the patient with vomiting in pregnancy to help reach a diagnosis when faced with vomiting in pregnancy is given. Following the diagnosis of a brain tumour during pregnancy, management should be ...
Power M L. - - 2001
Our objective was to survey obstetrician/gynecologists concerning their management of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. We mailed a survey on nutrition during pregnancy to the 230 ACOG Fellows who are members of the Collaborative Ambulatory Research Network and to a control sample of 800 non-Network Fellows. Results presented here are ...
Moser D E - - 2001
The crustal remnants of Earth's Archean continents have been shielded from mantle convection by thick roots of ancient mantle lithosphere. The precise time of crust-root coupling (tectosphere birth) is poorly known but is needed to test competing theories of continental plate genesis. Our mapping and geochronology of an impact-generated section ...
Steele N M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of continuous acupressure at P6 applied by Sea-Bands with acupressure buttons on the frequency and severity of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy during the 1 st trimester. DESIGN: A two-group, quasi-experimental, posttest-only and posttest-repeated measure. SETTING: Seventeen medical clinics or offices in southern Michigan. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Nakamura T - - 2001
The crisis frequency of stress incontinence (SI) is known to be high among pregnant women. This preliminary study was performed to determine whether the diagnostic standard of the Q-tip test used in the diagnosis of SI in nonpregnant women is applicable to pregnant women. The Q-tip tests were performed regularly ...
Velayudhan A - - 2001
Presentations of Anorexia Nervosa in India are usually atypical and anorexia is more commonly a symptom rather than a syndrome. This report highlights a case of anorexia following medical termination of pregnancy and laproscopic sterilisation, its association with conflicts regarding childbirth and motherhood in a 34 year old woman and ...
Tan K H - - 2001
Antenatal maternal glucose administration has been suggested to improve the efficiency of antepartum fetal heart rate testing. The objective of this review was to assess the merits or adverse effects of antenatal maternal glucose administration in conjunction with tests of fetal wellbeing. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group ...
Smith C - - 2000
Nausea and vomiting are troublesome symptoms occurring in the first trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to describe the impact these symptoms have on women in early pregnancy by interviewing, using a structured questionnaire, 593 pregnant women presenting with nausea and vomiting in the first trimester of ...
Carlsson C P - - 2000
Hyperemesis gravidarum, severe vomiting, develops in about 1-2% of all pregnancies. Acupuncture on the point PC6 above the wrist on the palmar side has been found to prevent some types of nausea and vomiting. The purpose of the present study was to see if acupuncture, in addition to standard treatment, ...
Mazzotta P - - 2000
Unlike severe nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), it is not known whether milder forms of NVP have been associated with psychosocial morbidity. We undertook the study to explore the prevalence of psychosocial morbidity by severity of NVP, and determine whether, after correction for severity of nausea/vomiting, there is a ...
Aboudy Y - - 2000
We report a documented case of clinically apparent rubella reinfection during pregnancy with rubelliform rash and fever followed by lymphodenopathy at the 18th week of gestation, in a previously vaccinated woman with haemagglutination inhibition (HI) antibody titre of 1:32. The serological tests results (including neutralizing antibodies) demonstrated a significant rise ...
Meyer T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Incompetent perforating veins of the medial calf, i.e. those of the Cockett groups, play a major role in the developement of chronic venous insufficiency. The aim of the present study was to test the value of duplex ultrasonography (DUS) in the diagnosis of function and localisation of those veins. ...
Sipiora M L - - 2000
Hyperemesis gravidarum or severe vomiting during pregnancy is a condition of elusive etiology that can harm both mother and fetus. This study examined the association between increased bitter-taste perception and history of hyperemesis gravidarum. Bitter-taste perception varies genetically and can be altered with conditions that damage taste-related cranial nerves. Sixty ...
Lacroix R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to provide a detailed description of patterns of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study was performed with 160 women who provided daily recordings of frequency, duration, and severity of nausea and vomiting. RESULTS: Seventy-four percent of women reported nausea lasting a mean ...
- - 2000
I have a 30-year-old pregnant patient who is asthmatic and is taking prednisone. Whenever she decreases her prednisone dose, her nausea increases tremendously even though she is taking two tablets of doxylamine and pyridoxine combination (Diclectin) daily. She is already at 26 weeks' gestation, and I really do not want ...
Batista J F - - 2000
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a biocide and a corrosion inhibitor against the corrosion of a circulating pipe in a cooling tower. Isothiazolone was tested as the industrial biocide. The results showed that the biocide by itself or combined with a dispersant was ...
Eliakim R - - 2000
Hyperemesis gravidarum or pernicious vomiting of pregnancy affects between 0.3% and 2% of all pregnant patients. The objective of this paper is to review current literature pertaining to epidemiology, etiology, symptomatology, complications, treatment, and perinatal outcome of patients with hyperemesis gravidarum. We performed a MEDLINE search of the English literature ...
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