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Kugahara Tomoko - - 2006
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is a common condition in early pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of Japanese women's NVP and to determine the relationship between NVP and quality of life. The NVP was measured using the Rhodes' Index and quality of life ...
Badell Martina L - - 2006
Nausea and vomiting, common symptoms during pregnancy, often are regarded as an unpleasant but normal part of pregnancy during the first and early second trimesters. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) occurs in approximately 75-80% of pregnant women. The exact etiology and pathogenesis of NVP are poorly understood and are ...
Chou Fan-Hao - - 2006
Two common symptoms of pregnancy are nausea and vomiting, which, for some women, cause great discomfort and profoundly impact daily life. A descriptive phenomenological method was used to understand how Taiwanese women deal with nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. A purposive sample of 10 expectant mothers participated in the study. ...
Oyetunji, JA; Department of ...
Aims/Objectives: Prior to this time there has been no study on asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto. The objective of this study, therefore, was to determine the incidence and common organisms (and their sensitivity patterns) associated with asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy among booked patients at ...
Strote J - - 2006
Pregnancy tests are often performed routinely for female emergency department (ED) patients of reproductive age. One major reason is a perception that patients are unreliable in predicting their own pregnancy status. We hypothesised that patients could reliably predict that they were not pregnant. The study used a prospective cohort design, ...
Hsu Fu-Lan - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the possibility of using octyl gallate alone or with organic biocides as a preservative against wood decay fungi. Antifungal activities of three antioxidants, propyl gallate, octyl gallate and butylated hydroxyltoluene (BHT) were tested against four wood decay fungi, Lenzites betulina, Trametes versicolor, ...
Agren Annelie - - 2006
Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy is a condition with an obscure aetiology. The treatment is symptomatic but there is a lack of alternative treatments. Tactile massage is known to give relaxation and increased well-being in connection with different illnesses, but has never been studied on women with severe nausea and ...
Czeizel Andrew E - - 2006
The objective of the study was to investigate the possible association between nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy and congenital abnormalities. The prevalence of medically-recorded severe nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy in cases with congenital abnormalities and their available matched population controls without any defect was compared in the ...
Srinivas Sindhu K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Gitelman syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that presents in early adulthood with fatigue, muscle cramps and electrolyte abnormalities. CASE: A 17-year-old African-American woman presented at 17 weeks of pregnancy with nausea, emesis, profound lower extremity proximal muscle weakness, hypokalemia, and hypomagnesemia. After a thorough evaluation, Gitelman syndrome ...
Sampieri A - - 2006
Silicon pillared samples were prepared following conventional and microwave irradiation methods. The samples were characterized and tested in cobalt sorption. Ethylenediammine was added before cobalt addition to improve the amount of cobalt retained. The amount of cobalt introduced in the original clay in the presence of ethylenediammine was the highest. ...
Sirveaux F - - 2006
Degenerative osteoarthritis in subtalar and midtarsal joints occurring after tibiotalar arthrodesis may be related to biomechanical factors. For patients with tibiotalar arthrodesis walking with their everyday shoes, the ground reaction force is posterior at heel-off and the maximal foot-tibia dorsiflexion is at its upper limit. We hypothesized that increasing the ...
Yasunaga K - - 2006
A post-treatment assay of the umu test was performed to detect genotoxicity of 10 phenylenediamine (PDA) derivatives using Salmonella typhimurium TA1535/pSK1002 with/without S9 mix. Seven chemicals (o-PDA, 4-chloro-o-PDA, 4-nitro-o-PDA, p-PDA, 2-chloro-p-PDA, 2-nitro-p-PDA, and 2,5-diaminotoluene) showed positive results with S9 mix, but three chemicals (m-PDA, 4-chloro-m-PDA, and 2,4-diaminotoluene) were negative with ...
Ohlsson Bodil - - 2006
The normal physiology of the gastrointestinal tract has been only cursorily examined. Consequently, the pathophysiology of disturbances of the gastrointestinal functions is poorly known. Recurrent vomiting is one of many functional conditions for which it is difficult to find an explanation and to treat. In the following a case is ...
Uhl Kathleen K US Food & Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Rockville, Maryland 20993, USA. - - 2006
In 1998, thalidomide (Thalomid), a known human teratogen, was approved by the US FDA for the treatment of erythema nodosum leprosum. To prevent fetal exposure to thalidomide, a restricted distribution risk management programme, the System for Thalidomide Education and Prescribing Safety (S.T.E.P.S.), was implemented. All clinicians, pharmacists and patients who ...
Westfall Rachel E - - 2006
A majority of women experience some nausea and/or vomiting during pregnancy. This condition can range from mild nausea to extreme nausea and vomiting, with 1-2% of women suffering from the life-threatening condition hyperemesis gravidarum. Cannabis (Cannabis sativa) may be used therapeutically to mitigate pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting. This paper presents ...
Koch Richard - - 2005
A 29-year-old woman with PKU is presented, who was successfully treated with phenylalanine restriction as well as oral BH4 during this pregnancy, with a normal outcome. Her PAH mutation was R408W/F39L. Remarkably, the blood phenylalanine control was easily accomplished during this pregnancy. The lack of nausea and vomiting during the ...
Van Der Merwe J S - - 2005
The efficacy of an amitraz/cypermethrin pour-on preparation (1% w/v each) was tested against natural tick infestations of buffaloes, eland and blesbok in three separate trials. The eland were also treated with a 0.02% abamectin (w/v) acaricidal pour-on preparation. The amitraz/cypermethrin pour-on was effective against Amblyomma hebraeum, Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi, Rhipicephalus ...
Penney Debra S - - 2005
Helicobacter pylori is a bacterial infection of the stomach, which may aggravate nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Studies have found conflicting evidence of the role of H. pylori in severe nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum. Several women suffering from weight loss and experiencing continued nausea and vomiting ...
Boone Sarah A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review literature assessing the safety and efficacy of the use of ginger to treat nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: Iowa Drug Information Service (1966-September 2004), International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1971-September 2004), MEDLINE (1966-September 2004), and EMBASE (1966-September 2004) were searched. Key terms included ginger, nausea, vomiting, emesis, ...
Menke Marcel N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study compared SLO microperimetry scotoma size measurements with the sizes of lesions assessed with OCT in the areas of scotoma. METHODS: SLO microperimetry was performed on eight patients to assess the location and extent of scotoma areas. An SLO microperimetry master image was used to localize the scotoma ...
Loh K Y - - 2005
Nausea and vomiting are common in early pregnancy affecting 70-80 percent of pregnant mothers. In a majority of women vomiting begins between 4-7 weeks of pregnancy. Nausea and vomiting are usually mild and self-limiting, however some of the mothers have a more profound course which lead to hyperemesis gravidarum. Careful ...
Swallow B L - - 2005
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine aversive stimuli that are related to nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP); (2) to determine food and fluid intake in early pregnancy; and (3) to explore relationships between aversive stimuli and health measures. A total of 273 women in an antenatal ...
Linseth Glenda - - 2005
Nausea and vomiting in late pregnancy is a little-studied phenomenon. In this study of 116 midwestern women, 32% of the women had nausea and vomiting after 20 weeks gestation. The purpose of this study was to examine demographic, anthropometric, maternal health factors, and pregnancy outcomes in women who had late ...
Málaga Ignacio - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between salt taste perception and blood pressure (BP) in normotensive adolescents as modified by maternal fluid losses during the first trimester of gestation. Seventy-two healthy adolescents (42 boys) aged between 9.0-21.1 years, recruited from the population-based RICARDIN study, were included. ...
Koren G - - 2005
The Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis (PUQE) is a scoring system to quantify the severity of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). Based on quantification of the 3 physical symptoms of NVP (nausea, vomiting and retching), PUQE closely correlates with the validated but much more complex Rhodes' score. We examined the ...
Borrelli Francesca - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Conventional antiemetics are burdened with the potential of teratogenic effects during the critical embryogenic period of pregnancy. Thus, a safe and effective medication would be a welcome addition to the therapeutic repertoire. This systematic review was aimed at assessing the evidence for or against the efficacy and safety of ...
Ben-Aroya Zahi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the tendency of pregnant women to vomit and on their general condition during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We included patients in this study who presented to our gynecological emergency room and clinic during their first trimester of pregnancy. All women ...
Wang Qi-dong - - 2005
The dynamometer tests with different driving cycles and the real-world tests are presented. Results indicated the pollutants emission factors and fuel consumption factor with ECE15 + EUDC driving cycle usually take the lowest value and with real world driving cycle occur the highest value, and different driving cycles will lead ...
Bryer Eva - - 2005
Mild-to-moderate nausea and vomiting of pregnancy affects up to 80% of all pregnancies. Concern about antiemetic use and the time-limited nature of symptoms has restrained the development of effective treatment approaches, yet supportive, dietary, and lifestyle changes may be ineffective. This article reviews 4 recent well-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical studies ...
Swallow Brian L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is an evolutionary adaptive mechanism to avoid the ingestion of potentially harmful foods. It has also been suggested that the mechanism that triggers nausea and vomiting in pregnancy may be olfaction and that olfactory senses are invoked to provide ...
Floore T G - - 2004
Efficacy studies were conducted with VectoBac 12AS and Teknar HP-D larvicides against 3rd-instar Ochlerotatus taeniorhynchus and Culex quinquefasciatus in small field test plots. The products were obtained off the shelf from distributors and had different lot numbers. They were evaluated over a 2-year period in spring 2002 and 2003. Application ...
Eogan M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: A prospective, observational study assessed median and ulnar nerve conduction during pregnancy, to identify the optimum test for differentiating physiological effects of pregnancy from pathological carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: Pregnant women (n=18) and age- and parity-matched non-pregnant controls (n=13) were recruited. Symptomatic and neurophysiological evaluations were performed. Median ...
Davis Mitzi - - 2004
This article is a review of the incidence, characteristics, risk factors, proposed causes, outcomes, treatment and nursing management of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Despite the fact that it affects most pregnant women to some degree, it is poorly understood and often poorly treated. Specific suggestions for therapeutic interventions are ...
Grove William M - - 2004
This article first explains concepts in taxometrics, including the meaning of "taxon" in relation to taxometric procedures. It then mathematically develops the MAXSLOPE procedure of Grove and Meehl which relies on nonlinear regression of one taxometric indicator variable on another. Sufficient conditions for MAXSLOPE's validity are set forth. The relationship ...
Nugent Jeffrey S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The common striped scorpion, Centruroides vittatus, and the imported fire ant (IFA) are endemic to the south-central United States. There is evidence of venom-specific IgE in patients experiencing hypersensitivity reactions to scorpion stings. The infrequency of repeated scorpion stings and the presence of immediate reactions to an initial sting ...
Manske Robert C - - 2004
Rotator cuff function is critical to the overhead athlete. Rotator cuff power is felt to be important in the overhead athlete during the throwing motion. Little research exists regarding torque acceleration energy (TAE) in overhead athletes. Twenty-five males were divided into 2 groups consisting of overhead athletes (pitchers) (n = ...
Harzer Winfried - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to investigate slot deformation and the equivalent torque capacity of polycarbonate brackets with and without a metal slot in comparison with those of a metal bracket. For this purpose, the expansion characteristics and, in a further investigation, the labial crown torque of an ...
Yoshimune Kazuaki - - 2004
Salt-tolerant glutaminase (Micrococcus glutaminase, with an apparent molecular mass of 48.3 kDa, intact glutaminase) from the marine bacterium Micrococcus luteus K-3 was digested using protease derived from M. luteus K-3. The digestion products were a large fragment (apparent molecular mass of 38.5 kDa, the glutaminase fragment) and small fragments (apparent ...
Czeizel Andrew E - - 2004
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy has been associated with some reduction in miscarriage in other studies. However the relationship between nausea and vomiting during pregnancy and preterm birth/low birthweight in newborns is inconsistent; therefore the objective of the study was to clarify this possible association. The population-based large control (without ...
Burnett Roger - - 2004
The determination of the optimum seatback characteristics for the mitigation of serious and catastrophic neck injury during high-speed rear-end collisions remains a topic of continued investigation. Despite a number of prior research efforts, both field data and sled test studies have yet to define a single optimal seatback performance criterion. ...
Smith Caroline - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To estimate whether the use of ginger to treat nausea or vomiting in pregnancy is equivalent to pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6). METHODS: A randomized, controlled equivalence trial involving 291 women less than 16 weeks pregnant was undertaken at a teaching hospital in Australia. Women took 1.05 g of ginger ...
Le Gac Séverine - - 2004
We present here novel tips for nanoelectrosray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) applications. These ionization sources have a planar geometry in the shape of a nib. Their functioning is based on a principle much akin to that of a fountain pen in that fluids are actuated by capillarity. Once a voltage is ...
Koren Gideon - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is the most common medical condition in pregnancy. Relatively little research has been conducted on this condition, and much of it is based on women's reports. Determinants that affect women's reports of their nausea and vomiting of pregnancy symptoms have not been elucidated. The ...
Swallow B L - - 2004
The psychological health of women in early pregnancy was investigated in a sample of 273 women (mean gestational age 12.8 weeks, SD=2.8) using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and mood and illness perception visual analogue scales, and compared with the prevalence and severity of nausea and vomiting as measured using ...
Morris-Kukoski Cynthia L - - 2004
Laboratory detection of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has been published as early as the 1960s. However, wide-scale use of GHB during the 1990s has led to the development of current analytic methods to test for GHB and related compounds. Detection of GHB and related compounds can be clinically useful in confirming the ...
Eichner Samantha F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature concerning ovulation prediction devices and pregnancy detection tests for home use. DATA SOURCES: Articles were identified through searches of the MEDLINE (1966-May 2003), EMBASE (1980-May 2003), and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1970-May 2003) databases using the key words ovulation, ovulation detection, pregnancy test, diagnostic reagent kit, ...
Yost Nicole P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Hyperemesis gravidarum, a severe form of nausea and vomiting due to pregnancy for which there is no proven pharmacological treatment, is the third leading cause for hospitalization during pregnancy. Corticosteroids are commonly used for the treatment of nausea and vomiting due to cancer chemotherapy-induced emesis and might prove useful ...
Bsat Fadi A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study compares pyridoxine-metoclopramide combination therapy to prochlorperazine and promethazine monotherapies in the outpatient treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 174 first trimester, singleton pregnancies were evaluated for nausea and vomiting. Patients were prospectively randomized into three treatment groups: pyridoxine-metoclopramide, prochlorperazine, or promethazine. Prior ...
Steblay Nancy - - 2003
Meta-analysis is used to compare identification accuracy rates in showups and lineups. Eight papers were located, providing 12 tests of the hypothesis and including 3013 participants. Results indicate that showups generate lower choosing rates than lineups. In target present conditions, showups and lineups yield approximately equal hit rates, and in ...
Källén Bengt - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is a common complaint but risk factors for NVP are not well characterized. METHODS: Occurrence of NVP was studied by questionnaires given to pregnant women at their first visit to the antenatal care unit and were returned around gestational week 28. RESULTS: Analysis ...
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