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Van Der Merwe J S - - 2005
The efficacy of an amitraz/cypermethrin pour-on preparation (1% w/v each) was tested against natural tick infestations of buffaloes, eland and blesbok in three separate trials. The eland were also treated with a 0.02% abamectin (w/v) acaricidal pour-on preparation. The amitraz/cypermethrin pour-on was effective against Amblyomma hebraeum, Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi, Rhipicephalus ...
Penney Debra S - - 2005
Helicobacter pylori is a bacterial infection of the stomach, which may aggravate nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Studies have found conflicting evidence of the role of H. pylori in severe nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum. Several women suffering from weight loss and experiencing continued nausea and vomiting ...
Boone Sarah A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review literature assessing the safety and efficacy of the use of ginger to treat nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: Iowa Drug Information Service (1966-September 2004), International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1971-September 2004), MEDLINE (1966-September 2004), and EMBASE (1966-September 2004) were searched. Key terms included ginger, nausea, vomiting, emesis, ...
Menke Marcel N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study compared SLO microperimetry scotoma size measurements with the sizes of lesions assessed with OCT in the areas of scotoma. METHODS: SLO microperimetry was performed on eight patients to assess the location and extent of scotoma areas. An SLO microperimetry master image was used to localize the scotoma ...
Loh K Y - - 2005
Nausea and vomiting are common in early pregnancy affecting 70-80 percent of pregnant mothers. In a majority of women vomiting begins between 4-7 weeks of pregnancy. Nausea and vomiting are usually mild and self-limiting, however some of the mothers have a more profound course which lead to hyperemesis gravidarum. Careful ...
Swallow B L - - 2005
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine aversive stimuli that are related to nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP); (2) to determine food and fluid intake in early pregnancy; and (3) to explore relationships between aversive stimuli and health measures. A total of 273 women in an antenatal ...
Linseth Glenda - - 2005
Nausea and vomiting in late pregnancy is a little-studied phenomenon. In this study of 116 midwestern women, 32% of the women had nausea and vomiting after 20 weeks gestation. The purpose of this study was to examine demographic, anthropometric, maternal health factors, and pregnancy outcomes in women who had late ...
Málaga Ignacio - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between salt taste perception and blood pressure (BP) in normotensive adolescents as modified by maternal fluid losses during the first trimester of gestation. Seventy-two healthy adolescents (42 boys) aged between 9.0-21.1 years, recruited from the population-based RICARDIN study, were included. ...
Koren G - - 2005
The Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis (PUQE) is a scoring system to quantify the severity of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). Based on quantification of the 3 physical symptoms of NVP (nausea, vomiting and retching), PUQE closely correlates with the validated but much more complex Rhodes' score. We examined the ...
Borrelli Francesca - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Conventional antiemetics are burdened with the potential of teratogenic effects during the critical embryogenic period of pregnancy. Thus, a safe and effective medication would be a welcome addition to the therapeutic repertoire. This systematic review was aimed at assessing the evidence for or against the efficacy and safety of ...
Ben-Aroya Zahi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the tendency of pregnant women to vomit and on their general condition during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We included patients in this study who presented to our gynecological emergency room and clinic during their first trimester of pregnancy. All women ...
Wang Qi-dong - - 2005
The dynamometer tests with different driving cycles and the real-world tests are presented. Results indicated the pollutants emission factors and fuel consumption factor with ECE15 + EUDC driving cycle usually take the lowest value and with real world driving cycle occur the highest value, and different driving cycles will lead ...
Bryer Eva - - 2005
Mild-to-moderate nausea and vomiting of pregnancy affects up to 80% of all pregnancies. Concern about antiemetic use and the time-limited nature of symptoms has restrained the development of effective treatment approaches, yet supportive, dietary, and lifestyle changes may be ineffective. This article reviews 4 recent well-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical studies ...
Swallow Brian L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is an evolutionary adaptive mechanism to avoid the ingestion of potentially harmful foods. It has also been suggested that the mechanism that triggers nausea and vomiting in pregnancy may be olfaction and that olfactory senses are invoked to provide ...
Floore T G - - 2004
Efficacy studies were conducted with VectoBac 12AS and Teknar HP-D larvicides against 3rd-instar Ochlerotatus taeniorhynchus and Culex quinquefasciatus in small field test plots. The products were obtained off the shelf from distributors and had different lot numbers. They were evaluated over a 2-year period in spring 2002 and 2003. Application ...
Eogan M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: A prospective, observational study assessed median and ulnar nerve conduction during pregnancy, to identify the optimum test for differentiating physiological effects of pregnancy from pathological carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: Pregnant women (n=18) and age- and parity-matched non-pregnant controls (n=13) were recruited. Symptomatic and neurophysiological evaluations were performed. Median ...
Davis Mitzi - - 2004
This article is a review of the incidence, characteristics, risk factors, proposed causes, outcomes, treatment and nursing management of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Despite the fact that it affects most pregnant women to some degree, it is poorly understood and often poorly treated. Specific suggestions for therapeutic interventions are ...
Grove William M - - 2004
This article first explains concepts in taxometrics, including the meaning of "taxon" in relation to taxometric procedures. It then mathematically develops the MAXSLOPE procedure of Grove and Meehl which relies on nonlinear regression of one taxometric indicator variable on another. Sufficient conditions for MAXSLOPE's validity are set forth. The relationship ...
Nugent Jeffrey S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The common striped scorpion, Centruroides vittatus, and the imported fire ant (IFA) are endemic to the south-central United States. There is evidence of venom-specific IgE in patients experiencing hypersensitivity reactions to scorpion stings. The infrequency of repeated scorpion stings and the presence of immediate reactions to an initial sting ...
Manske Robert C - - 2004
Rotator cuff function is critical to the overhead athlete. Rotator cuff power is felt to be important in the overhead athlete during the throwing motion. Little research exists regarding torque acceleration energy (TAE) in overhead athletes. Twenty-five males were divided into 2 groups consisting of overhead athletes (pitchers) (n = ...
Harzer Winfried - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to investigate slot deformation and the equivalent torque capacity of polycarbonate brackets with and without a metal slot in comparison with those of a metal bracket. For this purpose, the expansion characteristics and, in a further investigation, the labial crown torque of an ...
Yoshimune Kazuaki - - 2004
Salt-tolerant glutaminase (Micrococcus glutaminase, with an apparent molecular mass of 48.3 kDa, intact glutaminase) from the marine bacterium Micrococcus luteus K-3 was digested using protease derived from M. luteus K-3. The digestion products were a large fragment (apparent molecular mass of 38.5 kDa, the glutaminase fragment) and small fragments (apparent ...
Czeizel Andrew E - - 2004
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy has been associated with some reduction in miscarriage in other studies. However the relationship between nausea and vomiting during pregnancy and preterm birth/low birthweight in newborns is inconsistent; therefore the objective of the study was to clarify this possible association. The population-based large control (without ...
Burnett Roger - - 2004
The determination of the optimum seatback characteristics for the mitigation of serious and catastrophic neck injury during high-speed rear-end collisions remains a topic of continued investigation. Despite a number of prior research efforts, both field data and sled test studies have yet to define a single optimal seatback performance criterion. ...
Smith Caroline - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To estimate whether the use of ginger to treat nausea or vomiting in pregnancy is equivalent to pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6). METHODS: A randomized, controlled equivalence trial involving 291 women less than 16 weeks pregnant was undertaken at a teaching hospital in Australia. Women took 1.05 g of ginger ...
Le Gac Séverine - - 2004
We present here novel tips for nanoelectrosray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) applications. These ionization sources have a planar geometry in the shape of a nib. Their functioning is based on a principle much akin to that of a fountain pen in that fluids are actuated by capillarity. Once a voltage is ...
Koren Gideon - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is the most common medical condition in pregnancy. Relatively little research has been conducted on this condition, and much of it is based on women's reports. Determinants that affect women's reports of their nausea and vomiting of pregnancy symptoms have not been elucidated. The ...
Swallow B L - - 2004
The psychological health of women in early pregnancy was investigated in a sample of 273 women (mean gestational age 12.8 weeks, SD=2.8) using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and mood and illness perception visual analogue scales, and compared with the prevalence and severity of nausea and vomiting as measured using ...
Morris-Kukoski Cynthia L - - 2004
Laboratory detection of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has been published as early as the 1960s. However, wide-scale use of GHB during the 1990s has led to the development of current analytic methods to test for GHB and related compounds. Detection of GHB and related compounds can be clinically useful in confirming the ...
Eichner Samantha F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature concerning ovulation prediction devices and pregnancy detection tests for home use. DATA SOURCES: Articles were identified through searches of the MEDLINE (1966-May 2003), EMBASE (1980-May 2003), and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1970-May 2003) databases using the key words ovulation, ovulation detection, pregnancy test, diagnostic reagent kit, ...
Yost Nicole P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Hyperemesis gravidarum, a severe form of nausea and vomiting due to pregnancy for which there is no proven pharmacological treatment, is the third leading cause for hospitalization during pregnancy. Corticosteroids are commonly used for the treatment of nausea and vomiting due to cancer chemotherapy-induced emesis and might prove useful ...
Bsat Fadi A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study compares pyridoxine-metoclopramide combination therapy to prochlorperazine and promethazine monotherapies in the outpatient treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 174 first trimester, singleton pregnancies were evaluated for nausea and vomiting. Patients were prospectively randomized into three treatment groups: pyridoxine-metoclopramide, prochlorperazine, or promethazine. Prior ...
Steblay Nancy - - 2003
Meta-analysis is used to compare identification accuracy rates in showups and lineups. Eight papers were located, providing 12 tests of the hypothesis and including 3013 participants. Results indicate that showups generate lower choosing rates than lineups. In target present conditions, showups and lineups yield approximately equal hit rates, and in ...
Källén Bengt - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is a common complaint but risk factors for NVP are not well characterized. METHODS: Occurrence of NVP was studied by questionnaires given to pregnant women at their first visit to the antenatal care unit and were returned around gestational week 28. RESULTS: Analysis ...
Kutlay Sim - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively determine the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) and urinary tract infection (UTI) and presenting symptoms of UTI as well as the most appropriate diagnostic test and success of single/combination drug treatment in a Turkish obstetric population. STUDY DESIGN: Between September and December 2000, 406 of 412 pregnant ...
Quinla Jeffrey D - - 2003
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, commonly known as "morning sickness," affects approximately 80 percent of pregnant women. Although several theories have been proposed, the exact cause remains unclear. Recent research has implicated Helicobacter pylori as one possible cause. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is generally a mild, self-limited condition that ...
Tang Julian W - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This case report describes the clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of a case of acute rubella infection in the second trimester. The complex issues of prenatal diagnosis of a congenital rubella infection are discussed. METHODS: A 30-year-old woman presented with a fine macular rash at 15 weeks' gestation. Laboratory ...
Reedy D C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether gun assaults committed with semiautomatic pistols are more injurious and lethal than those committed with revolvers. SETTING: Jersey City, New Jersey from 1992 through 1996. METHODS: Using police records on fatal and non-fatal handgun assaults, t tests and chi(2) tests were employed to determine if attacks ...
Shirin Haim - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Recently, several investigators have suggested that H. pylori may be a contributory factor in hyperemesis gravidarum. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether seropositivity for IgG antibodies to H. pylori may also be related to nausea, vomiting, heartburn and epigastric pain in pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One ...
Chan Louis Y - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Severe and persistent hyperemesis gravidarum is a disabling condition. Women may request termination of pregnancy because of the intolerable symptoms and stress. CASE: A woman requested termination of pregnancy because of severe hyperemesis gravidarum. Her first three pregnancies were also complicated by severe and persistent vomiting. The vomiting was ...
Lagiou Pagona - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess pregnancy hormone levels in relation to nausea with or without vomiting. METHODS: In the context of a prospective cohort study, 262 white pregnant women in Boston were observed through delivery. Maternal blood was collected at 16 and 27 weeks' gestation and serum levels of estradiol, estriol, progesterone, ...
Rozen Ramona - - 2003
The effect of chlorhexidine (CHX), a potent antibacterial agent, was tested on the molecular weight distribution (MWD) of fructans synthesized by cell-free fructosyltransferase (FTF) in solution in comparison to FTF immobilized onto hydroxyapatite (HA). Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) analysis has shown that cell-free FTF, both in solution and immobilized on HA, ...
Koch Kenneth L - - 2003
The differential diagnosis of nausea and vomiting is extensive and the underlying cause can be difficult to diagnose. Treatment of nausea and vomiting also can be unsatisfactory because the available pharmacotherapy does not correct the fundamental underlying pathophysiologic abnormalities. In contrast, the diagnosis of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy generally ...
Carlsen Sven Magnus - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to investigate the hypothesis that maternal androgen levels associate with nausea and vomiting in otherwise uncomplicated pregnancies. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-nine women with uncomplicated pregnancies, reported nausea and vomiting in weeks 17, 25, 33, 37, and when admitted for delivery. Maternal ...
Goldberg Jay R - - 2003
The in vivo fretting behavior of modular hip prostheses was simulated to determine the effects of material combination and a unique TiN/AlN coating on fretting and corrosion at the taper interface. Fretting current, open-circuit potential (OCP), and quantities of soluble debris were measured to determine the role of mechanically assisted ...
Ma Wenbo - - 2003
This is the first report documenting the presence of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase in Rhizobium. This enzyme, previously found in free-living bacteria, yeast and fungi, degrades ACC, the immediate precursor of ethylene in higher plants. Thirteen different rhizobial strains were examined by Southern hybridization, Western blots and ACC deaminase enzyme assay. ...
Philip Binu - - 2003
Nausea and vomiting commonly occur in pregnant women. Hyperemesis gravidarum is a severe form of nausea and vomiting rarely occurring in pregnancy. Between 0.3% and 2% of all pregnant women suffer from hyperemesis gravidarum. The objective of this paper is to review current literature focusing on the definition, incidence, etiology, ...
Jewell D - - 2003
Nausea and vomiting are the most common symptoms experienced in early pregnancy, with nausea affecting between 70 and 85% of women. About half of pregnant women experience vomiting. To assess the effects of different methods of treating nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth ...
Smith C - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The sham control is widely used in acupuncture research, and its adequacy may be assessed by exploring the 'credibility' of the intervention. We aimed to examine the credibility of the study intervention, to quantify the size of the placebo response and effect of time in reducing nausea in early ...
Tiran Denise - - 2002
Nausea and vomiting affects a large proportion of women in early pregnancy, yet because it is a physiological symptom it is often dismissed by health professionals, leaving women to find their own coping mechanisms. This leads many to try a range of complementary and alternative therapies and natural remedies, although ...
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