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Matthews Anne A School of Nursing, Dublin City University, Collins Avenue, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2010
Nausea, retching and vomiting are very commonly experienced by women in early pregnancy. There are considerable physical and psychological effects on women who experience these symptoms. This is an update of a review of interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy previously published in 2003. To assess the effectiveness ...
Canepa P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Rubella is generally a mild rush fever disease when acquired in childhood, but when infection occurs during the first months of pregnancy, high risk of trans-placental transmission to the foetus and of congenital anomalies exists. In November 2003, a National Plan for measles and congenital rubella elimination was approved ...
King Tekoa L - - 2009
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is a continuum that ranges from mild discomfort to significant morbidity. Systematic assessment with the use of the Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis/Nausea (PUQE) index and timely treatment using evidence-based protocols can decrease the time that many women spend using treatment recommendations that are inadequate. This ...
Er Tze Kiong - - 2009
We present a case of a 39-year-old woman presenting to the emergency department with persistent vaginal bleeding with myoma and endometrium thickness. The qualitative urine human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) showed positive result, however, the quantitative serum hCG had negative result. The negative serum hCG result suggests that the false-positive result ...
Ebrahimi Neda - - 2009
With up to 80% of pregnant women experiencing nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), it is critical to have a graded scale of its severity as a guide for appropriate treatment. In 2002 we introduced the Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis (PUQE) scoring system, which assessed the severity of nausea and ...
Westfall Rachel E - - 2009
A majority of women experience some nausea and/or vomiting during pregnancy. This condition can range from mild nausea to extreme nausea and vomiting, with 1-2% of women suffering from the life-threatening condition hyperemesis gravidarum. Cannabis (Cannabis sativa) may be used therapeutically to mitigate pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting. This paper presents ...
Nettleman Mary D - - 2009
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether a brief intervention increased home pregnancy test utilization among women at risk for unintended pregnancy. METHODS: The intervention included education, consultation with a nurse, and the provision of a free home pregnancy test kit. Participants were 35 women aged 18-39 years from a Medicaid ...
Bentur Yedidia - - 2009
A 29-year-old woman had a carbon 14 urea breath test for diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection. At time of consultation, it had been 6 weeks since her last menstrual period. Four weeks after her last menstrual period, the results of a urine pregnancy test were negative. On that day, she ...
Nulman Irena I Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2009
To determine the effects of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) and its treatment with diclectin on child neurodevelopment. An observational cohort study of mother-child pairs ascertained via a pregnancy call-in center was conducted. Three groups of children were studied: 45 with NVP and diclectin, 47 with NVP no diclectin, ...
Huissoud Cyril - - 2009
We analysed changes in coagulation during normal pregnancy with a novel point-of-care device based on thrombelastometry (ROTEM). We compared the results obtained with those of standard coagulation tests in 104 patients: 20 non-pregnant women (controls) and 84 women in the first (T1, n = 17), second (T2, n = 9) ...
Gill Simerpal Kaur SK The Motherisk Program, The Hospital for Sick Children; University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2009
Heartburn (HB) and acid reflux (RF) in the nonpregnant population can cause nausea and vomiting; therefore, it is plausible that in women with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), HB/RF may increase the severity of symptoms. To determine whether HB/RF during pregnancy contribute to increased severity of NVP. A prospectively ...
Ozgoli Giti - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of ginger in nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. DESIGN: This was a single blind clinical trial study. SETTING: The study was conducted in a selected prenatal care clinic of Isfahan City hospitals. SUBJECTS: The subjects included 67 pregnant women ...
Lacasse Anaïs - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Studies that contributed to the epidemiology of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy have reported conflicting findings, and often failed to account for all possible co-variables necessary to evaluate the multidimensional associations. The objectives of this study were to: 1) Estimate the prevalence and the severity of nausea and vomiting ...
Uyar Yavuz - - 2008
Primary infections caused by rubella and cytomegalovirus (CMV) can lead to serious complications in pregnancy. Rubella and CMV screening of pregnant women is not routinely carried out in Turkey. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of rubella and cytomegalovirus among pregnant women. The study was carried ...
Rojanathanes Rojrit - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The urine pregnancy test is an easily available diagnostic test in the present day and is routinely performed. The test is based on an immunochromatography technique. Here, we used an advanced nanomedicine technique for modification of the urine pregnancy test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The preparation of gold nanoparticle solution ...
Fejzo Marlena S - - 2008
The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of severe nausea and vomiting of pregnancy/hyperemesis gravidarum among relatives of affected individuals. Family history data were obtained on 1224 self-reported cases of hyperemesis gravidarum. Cases completed an online survey administered by the Hyperemesis Education and Research Foundation between 2003 ...
Lacasse A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the impact of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) and other determinants on generic and NVP-specific health-related quality of life (QOL) in the first trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) Sainte-Justine or René-Laennec clinics, Montreal, Quebec, ...
Koga Minako - - 2008
A 51-year-old woman experienced refractory chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in spite of extensive antiemetic therapy, including 5-HT3 antagonists, corticosteroids, dopamine antagonists and antihistamines. We administered the patient clonazepam. After taking clonazepam, the patient fully recovered from the nausea and vomiting and never experienced them again. Clonazepam may be useful ...
Debby Abraham - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) on the clinical management of pregnancy women with recurrent vomiting and their pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of 60 pregnant women who underwent diagnostic EGD in the first trimester of pregnancy. RESULTS: Pregnant women were divided into 2 groups according to ...
Geisler William M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess genital chlamydia and gonorrhea prevalence and associated predictors in women seeking pregnancy testing. STUDY DESIGN: The study included analysis of demographics and results of pregnancy, chlamydia, and gonorrhea testing in 1465 females seeking pregnancy testing at family-planning clinics in South Carolina. ...
Bjarnason S - - 2008
An anesthetized domestic swine model was used to compare the efficacy and cross-contamination potential of selected skin decontaminant products and regimens against the chemical warfare agent, VX. Animals topically exposed to 2x, 3x or 5x LD(50) VX showed typical signs of organophosphate nerve agent poisoning, including miosis, salivation, mastication, dysrhythmias, ...
Sosna Jacob - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to perform a meta-analysis comparing the performance of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) with CT colonography (CTC) for the detection of colorectal polyps > or = 6 mm using endoscopy as the gold standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective DCBE and CTC studies were identified. ...
Bae T W - - 2008
Herbicide-tolerant Zoysia grass (Zoysia japonica Steud.) has been generated previously through Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. The genetically modified (GM) Zoysia grass survived Basta spraying and grew to maturity normally while the wild-type (WT) grass stopped growing and died. GM Zoysia grass will permit more efficient weed control for various turf grass ...
Kwarciak Andrew M - - 2008
Manual wheelchair users are subjected to whole-body vibrations (WBV) on a regular basis as they traverse obstacles and uneven surfaces. One way users could protect themselves from secondary injuries related to WBV is by using a suspension manual wheelchair. This study investigated the ability of suspension manual wheelchairs to reduce ...
Lacasse Anaïs - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The only validated nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) severity index is the Motherisk Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis and Nausea (PUQE) index that covers symptoms in the previous 12 hours. We sought to assess the validity of a modified-PUQE index that covers the entire first trimester of pregnancy by ...
Pedras Mariana Junqueira - - 2008
Five serological tests for the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) were compared: a direct agglutination test (DAT) based on freeze-dried antigen (DAT-fd); a locally produced DAT (DAT-LPC); an IgG ELISA against rK39 (ELISA-rK39); an IgG ELISA for Leishmania chagasi (ELISA-L. chagasi); and an IgG IFAT against L. chagasi. Serum samples ...
Einarson Adrienne - - 2007
QUESTIONMy patient has severe nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). I am having difficulty treating her, as nothing she has tried so far has been really effective. I heard that there is some new information regarding the treatment of this condition.ANSWEREven a less severe case of NVP can have serious ...
Grosberg Alexander Y - - 2007
Based on an estimate of the knot entropy of a wormlike chain we predict that the interplay of bending energy and confinement entropy will result in a compact metastable configuration of the knot that will diffuse, without spreading, along the contour of the semiflexible polymer until it reaches one of ...
Dunn P M - - 2007
By identifying rubella infection in early pregnancy as a cause of congenital malformations and disabilities, Gregg alerted the medical profession to the importance of the prenatal environment.
Chou Fan-Hao - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Women worldwide experience pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting yet tolerate this significant prenatal stressor. The physical and emotional stress caused by pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting may influence maternal psychosocial adaptation yet few studies have examined these relationships. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships between nausea ...
Can Gürkan Ozlem - - 2008
This paper sought to determine the efficacy of acupressure application in pregnant women suffering from nausea, with or without associated vomiting, who were unable to receive conventional medication for these symptoms. Sampling consisted of pregnant women complaining of nausea with or without vomiting. The study was controlled by the Maternity ...
Wills Gemma - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: to determine what advice and support midwives give to women experiencing nausea and/or vomiting in pregnancy, with a particular interest in if and how herbal and alternative therapies are prescribed. DESIGN: cross-sectional survey. SETTING: a public, tertiary maternity hospital in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: forty-nine midwives who provide antenatal care. ...
Bentur Yedidia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The consumption of edible fish (e.g., Siganus spp) was assumed to have caused ciguatera poisoning at an atypical site, the eastern Mediterranean. This pilot study assesses the presence of ciguatoxin-like substances in edible fish on the eastern Mediterranean coast of Israel. METHODS: Samples of Siganus rivulatus from polluted seawater ...
Ullah M Anayet - - 2007
This was a cross-sectional followed by cohort type of study conducted among the pregnant mothers of second trimester in the rural areas of Rajshahi district. Initially 1800 pregnant mothers ofsecond trimester were selected from 18 unions applying 2-stage random sampling. A total of 216 pregnant mothers with asymptomatic bacteriuria were ...
Pourmirza Ali Asghr - - 2007
In laboratory experiments toxicity of acrolein vapors was investigated against 4 species of stored-product insects. In empty-space trials, estimated of the median lethal dosages of acrolein against adults of Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.), Sitophilus oryzae (L.), Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) and Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), were 1.87, 2.35, 3.12 and 6.65 mg L(-1), ...
Giannarini G - - 2007
Ninety-six patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) and evidence of infection were randomized to receive a 4-week oral course of either prulifloxacin (a new fluoroquinolone) 600 mg or levofloxacin 500 mg once daily. They were evaluated with the Meares-Stamey test and the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index ...
White Brett - - 2007
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is one of the more commonly used herbal supplements. Although often consumed for culinary purposes, it is taken by many patients to treat a variety of conditions. Ginger has been shown to be effective for pregnancy-induced and postoperative nausea and vomiting. There is less evidence to support ...
Einarson T R - - 2007
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is a widespread condition which may impact on the quality of life. Our objective was to understand the role of the placenta, which is mostly made up of fetal cells, in NVP. We examined the relationship between NVP and different partners in the same ...
Smaill Fiona - - 2007
Screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria is a standard of obstetrical care and is included in most antenatal guidelines. There is good evidence that treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria will decrease the incidence of pyelonephritis. All pregnant women should be screened for asymptomatic bacteriuria, and there are no new data that would indicate ...
Locock Louise - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To explore women's experiences of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. DESIGN: secondary (thematic) analysis of data collected by narrative interviews for two wider studies about antenatal screening and about pregnancy for the DIPEx website (www.dipex.org). PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A maximum variation sample was recruited throughout the UK. Data from ...
McCall Kenneth L - - 2007
To identify prepharmacy variables that predicted graduate performance on the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX) test. Undergraduate and pharmacy school transcripts for 424 students admitted to the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC) Doctor of Pharmacy program from the fall of 1996 to the fall of 2001 were ...
Pehlivan E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Controlling congenital rubella by 2010 is one of the targets of the World Health Organization. Most European countries currently include rubella vaccine in their national immunization programmes, but not yet in Turkey. OBJECTIVES: To define rubella seroprevalence in pregnancy in Malatya, Turkey. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional interview survey was ...
Hazhir Samad - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of bacteriuria in pregnant women referred to the medical centers of Tabriz, Iran, for prenatal care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1100 healthy pregnant women who were referred to 50 medical centers in Tabriz for a regular prenatal ...
Festin Mario - - 2007
More than half of pregnant women suffer from nausea and vomiting, which typically begins by the fourth week and disappears by the sixteenth week of pregnancy. The cause of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is unknown, but may be due to the rise in human chorionic gonadotrophin concentration. In 1 ...
Oliveira L C - - 2007
The only threatening modality of rubella is the Congenital Rubella Syndrome that affects fetuses of women who acquire infection during early pregnancy. Laboratory diagnosis is based on serological parameters. We compared anti-rubella IgM and IgG detection of two commercial immunoassay kits (Abbott and Roche). Although we observed an agreement of ...
Kuo Shih-Hsien - - 2007
A cross-sectional and comparative research design with convenience sampling was used to recruit pregnant women from prenatal clinics in southern Taiwan between 2002 and 2003 to examine the differences in perceived stress, social support, and maternal psychosocial adaptation among women with different severities (mild or less than mild, moderate, and ...
Berg Elna - - 2007
Size distributions of droplets generated by nebulizers are difficult to determine because of evaporation after aerosolization. We describe a method whereby a Next Generation Pharmaceutical Impactor (NGI; MSP Corporation, Shoreview, MN) is refrigerated at 5 degrees C before connecting it to the nebulizer in order to ensure an environment inside ...
He T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The transit time of the small intestine, in addition to lactase activity, may influence lactose digestion and thus play a role in the occurrence of lactose intolerance. The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of lactose on the oro-cecal transit time (OCTT) in lactose digesters and ...
Nguyen Patricia - - 2006
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) affects approximately 80% of pregnant women; however, this condition is not always addressed, let alone treated appropriately. NVP can be physically debilitating and can also interfere with the socioeconomic aspects of a woman's life. Some women and healthcare providers are unaware of the various ...
Streitberger Konrad - - 2006
The objective of this overview is to summarize existing knowledge about the effects of acupuncture-point stimulation on nausea and vomiting. Systematic reviews on postoperative nausea and vomiting, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, and pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting exist. Several randomised trials, but no reviews, exist for motion sickness. For postoperative nausea ...
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