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Lee Young Mi - - 2012
The aim of this article is to review current information regarding the management of twin gestations and discuss optimal pregnancy length and considerations regarding route of delivery. Limited data are available on the timing and mode of delivery for twins. For apparently uncomplicated twin pregnancies, current recommendations suggest the optimal ...
Li Linda T - - 2012
Pregnant adolescent patients afflicted with Takayasu arteritis represent a clinical entity not seen by many. The care of such patients is often managed by multidisciplinary teams, where vascular surgeons are asked to provide input on cardiovascular implications during and after a pregnant state. Knowledge and understanding of the interaction between ...
Li S - - 2012
Objective:To describe the sonographical and pathological features of fetal criss-cross heart (CCH).Study Design:All cases of fetal CCH diagnosed by fetal echocardiogram from May 2003-May 2011 were identified at a single referral center using an established perinatal database. Demographic and genetic information, sonographical images and autopsy reports were reviewed. Sonographical and ...
Williams Shannon H - - 2012
When drug therapy is necessary and cannot be avoided during a pregnancy, the decision of what drug therapy is best may be difficult for the health care provider because the vast majority of drugs are classified as Pregnancy Category C. This classification indicates that information regarding the risk to the ...
Moore Jessica S - - 2012
Pregnant patients with maternal arrhythmias can be challenging and difficult to treat. Medication choices may be limited in patients who are pregnant. Pregnancy carries with it a unique and complex physiology, coupled with fetal concerns. We describe a pregnant patient with an arrhythmia to illustrate treatment thought process and options. ...
Khadivzadeh Talat - - 2012
This study was done to assess the use of traditional/complementary and alternative medicine (TM/CAM) during pregnancy and the reasons behind it from the mother's perspective. In a cross-sectional study, 919 pregnant mothers attending at prenatal care units of governmental health centers recruited through a multistage sampling and completed a self-report ...
Schmitz Dagmar - - 2012
Termination of pregnancy after a certain gestational age and following prenatal diagnosis, in many nations seem to be granted with a special status to the extent that they by law have to be discussed within a predominantly medical context and have physicians as third parties involved in the decision-making process ...
Hill Melissa M Institute of Child Health, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Clinical and Molecular Genetics, 30 Guildford Street, London WC1N 6EH, - - 2012
Fetal sex determination has traditionally been performed in pregnancies at risk of sex-linked genetic conditions by analysis of chorionic villi or amniocytes following invasive tests. The development of noninvasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) using cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma has allowed women to have accurate information about fetal sex early ...
Rodríguez-Calvo María Sol - - 2012
An evaluation of the future professional trends was performed by analyzing the attitudes of university students to the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy (VIP). An anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 300 students (Medicine, Nursing and Law) of the University of Santiago de Compostela, with questions on their personal beliefs, opinion on ...
McGillivray George - - 2012
Molecular karyotyping using chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) detects more pathogenic chromosomal anomalies than classical karyotyping, making CMA likely to become a first tier test for prenatal diagnosis. Detecting copy number variants of uncertain clinical significance raises ethical considerations. We consider the risk of harm to a woman or her fetus ...
Santos Karine Alves - - 2012
This paper presents the results of a socio-anthropological study with women from a low-income community in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Through the use of qualitative methods it looks at teenage pregnancy from the young mothers' perspective and the contribution of their socioeconomic environment. It shows the importance of ...
Timm Nathan L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates trends of pregnant adolescents' utilization of pediatric emergency departments (PEDs), describes patient demographics, and reviews common pregnancy-related conditions seen in the PED. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of a large pediatric emergency medicine research network database including 11 freestanding PEDs, 3 separate PEDs from ...
Shaaban Mohamed M MM Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt. - - 2012
(1) To investigate Egyptian obstetricians' views towards cesarean delivery on maternal request, (2) to investigate Egyptian obstetricians' views towards some of the "potentially neglected" or controversial obstetrical skills or maneuvers as external cephalic version (ECV), fetal scalp pH measurement or tubal ligation during CS and (3) to examine the effect ...
Pavord Sue - - 2012
Iron deficiency is the most common deficiency state in the world, affecting more than 2 billion people globally. Although it is particularly prevalent in less-developed countries, it remains a significant problem in the developed world, even where other forms of malnutrition have already been almost eliminated. Effective management is needed ...
Brown Stephen D - - 2012
We sought to characterize practices and attitudes of maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) and fetal care pediatric (FCP) specialists regarding fetal abnormalities. This was a self-administered survey of 434 MFMs and FCPs (response rate: MFM 60.9%; FCP 54.2%). For Down syndrome (DS), congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), spina bifida: MFMs were more likely ...
Schoonen Marleen - - 2012
In most Western countries, information on prenatal screening for Down syndrome is provided in the first-trimester of pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to examine whether this information should additionally be provided before pregnancy to improve the informed decision-making process. In an empirical study, we obtained data from pregnant ...
Beynon-Jones Siân M - - 2012
Feminist STS analyses of contemporary reproductive medicine have illustrated the proliferation of practices that position fetuses as individual subjects, and have highlighted the major implications of such practices for pregnant women. In an attempt to challenge medicine's claims to 'know' the fetus, this body of literature has also demonstrated the ...
Canti V - - 2012
The impact of hypertension in the pregnancies from autoimmune patients is not unequivocally defined. We have prospectively followed 168 pregnancies from 135 patients from four Italian centres to verify the potential impact of hypertension in the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). The rate of preeclampsia, mean neonatal weight and gestational age at ...
Jefferies Sarah - - 2012
Potential risks to mother and foetus exist with the incorrect use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) products during pregnancy. This study aimed to identify the risks that a woman may face when seeking advice during pregnancy from pharmacies and health food stores (HFS) in Greater Wellington (New Zealand). 21 ...
Goldstein Gregg - - 2012
The diagnosis and treatment of rhinitis, sinusitis, and epistaxis during pregnancy present unique challenges to the otolaryngologist. Poorly controlled sinonasal disease may have significant adverse effects on the mother's quality of life and pregnancy outcomes and the lack of adequately controlled safety data limits the clinician's ability to make informed ...
Hardee Karen - - 2012
In safe motherhood programming in the developing world, insufficient attention has been given to maternal morbidity, which can extend well beyond childbirth. For every woman who dies of pregnancy-related causes, an estimated 20 women experience acute or chronic morbidity. Maternal morbidity adversely affects families, communities and societies. Maternal morbidity has ...
Vitali Beatrice - - 2012
The vaginal microbiota of healthy women consists of a wide variety of anaerobic and aerobic bacterial genera and species dominated by the genus Lactobacillus. The activity of lactobacilli helps to maintain the natural healthy balance of the vaginal microbiota. This role is particularly important during pregnancy because vaginal dismicrobism is ...
Rios Lívia Teresa Moreira LT Mother Child Unit, Universitary Hospital, Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA), São Luiz, MA, - - 2012
Schizencephaly is a brain-destructive lesion relating to clefts in the fetal brain that usually communicate with the ventricular system, subarachnoid space, or both. It presents as two types: Type I (closed) and Type II (open). During pregnancy, it may be suspected in the course of ultrasonography, which highlights ventricular dilatation ...
Dawley Brenda - - 2012
Physicians should consider a benign mature cystic teratoma in their differential diagnosis of a patient with an elevated serum human chorionic gonadotropin concentration. Following tubal ligation, a woman with amenorrhea and elevated serum human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) concentrations may be experiencing either an ectopic or an intrauterine pregnancy. Other sources ...
Milman Nils - - 2011
This review focuses on the prevention and treatment of anemia in women who have just given childbirth (postpartum anemia). The problem of anemia both prepartum and postpartum is far more prevalent in developing countries than in the Western societies. The conditions for mother and child in the postpartum, nursing, and ...
Gipson Jessica D - - 2011
This study draws on in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with young adults in a metropolitan area of the Philippines to examine perceptions and practices of illegal abortion. Study participants indicated that unintended pregnancies are common and may be resolved through eventual acceptance or through self-induced injury or ingestion of ...
Tripathi Reva - - 2011
Aims:  Anemia in pregnancy has been almost synonymous with iron-deficiency anemia but there appears to be a changing trend with emerging evidence of macrocytic anemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical profile of patients having severe anemia in pregnancy. Methods:  This study included all antenatal patients ...
Bodeau-Livinec Florence - - 2011
We studied the prevalence of anemia during pregnancy and its relationship with low birth weight (LBW; birth weight < 2,500 g) in Benin. We analyzed 1,508 observations from a randomized controlled trial conducted from 2005 to 2008 showing equivalence on the risk of LBW between two drugs for Intermittent Preventive ...
Kitova Tanya T - - 2011
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a congenital central nervous system malformation estimated to occur in 1/250 conceptuses and 1/10,000 live births. While the severe forms, which are incompatible with life, are easier to detect in the prenatal period, the milder forms can remain unrecognised. As this can have serious consequences for the ...
Aite Lucia - - 2011
Cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAM) are relatively rare developmental abnormalities of the lung. Despite outcome is usually benign, parents often exhibit high anxiety level. The purpose of the present study was to collect parents'subjective experience of communication of diagnosis when expecting a fetus with CCAM. In the period ranging between 2004 ...
Adhikari K - - 2011
Organophosphate poisoning during pregnancy is rarely reported in the literature. In our retrospective study, we report the outcome of 21 cases of organophosphate poisoning during pregnancy. All patients received atropine injection until the tracheobronchial tree is cleared of the secretions and most secretions were dried. In addition, ventilatory care was ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2011
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, if it occurs in late pregnancy, requires pregnancy termination. Here, we report a woman without a discernable underlying condition who developed neurological deficits at 14 weeks of pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an occipitoparietal brain lesion suggestive of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. Neurological symptoms ameliorated spontaneously ...
Kang So-Hee - - 2011
One of my patients is a pregnant woman in her first trimester with a history of recurrent genital herpes. She is concerned about whether use of her antiviral medication will adversely affect her baby. What should I tell her? Studies have shown that the use of acyclovir or valacyclovir is ...
Sonkusare Shipra - - 2011
Hyperemesis gravidarum is a severe and disabling condition with potentially life-threatening complications. It is likely to have a multifactorial etiology which contributes to the difficulty in treatment. Treatment is supportive with correction of dehydration and electrolyte disturbance, antiemetic therapy, prevention and treatment of complications like Wernicke's encephalopathy, osmotic demyelination syndrome, ...
Milman Nils - - 2011
Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) during pregnancy are risk factors for preterm delivery, prematurity, and small for gestational age birth weight. Iron deficiency has a negative effect on intelligence and behavioral development in the infant. It is essential to prevent iron deficiency in the fetus by preventing iron ...
Williams David - - 2011
Preeclampsia is a multi-organ syndrome of pregnancy, defined by the new onset of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks' gestation. This working definition ignores the variable multi-organ involvement of a syndrome that can include seizures in the absence of hypertension, or fulminating hepatic necrosis in the absence of proteinuria. These ...
Zhang Yafeng - - 2011
This study was undertaken to determine whether there is familial aggregation of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), making it a disease amenable to genetic study. Cases with severe nausea and vomiting in a singleton pregnancy treated with intravenous hydration and unaffected friend controls completed a survey regarding family history. Sisters of women ...
Agida E T - - 2010
Background : Eclampsia remains one of the major causes of maternal morbidity and mortality especially in the developing countries. In Nigeria, it is the 3 rd commonest cause of maternal mortality. The high maternal morbidity and mortality due to eclampsia in the developing countries has been ascribed to late referral, ...
Ebeigbe P N - - 2010
Context: Pregnancy - induced hypertension/eclampsia is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in Nigeria. There have been very few studies focused on early onset pregnancy induced hypertension/eclampsia in Nigerian women Objectives: To determine the incidence, clinical features and outcome of cases of early onset pregnancy-induced hypertension ...
Koren Gideon G Motherisk Program, Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. - - 2010
To evaluate the effectiveness of Diclectin (doxylamine succinate 10 mg-pyridoxine hydrochloride 10 mg, delayed-release preparation) as compared with placebo for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. A randomized, double-blind, multicenter placebo controlled trial studying pregnant women suffering from nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, analyzed by intention to treat. Women received Diclectin ...
Habboushe Joseph P - - 2011
We present the case of a 35-year-old woman with hypotension and abdominal tenderness after acute vomiting and syncope. The patient had been breast-feeding since the birth of a child 8 months earlier, was not yet menstruating, and felt that she was having a reaction to sushi. She was unable to ...
Fujii Yoshitaka - - 2010
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is common in women undergoing dilatation and curettage under general anesthesia for pregnancy termination, and many studies suggest treating these women prophylactically for PONV. Reviewing the antiemetics used over the past 20 years for this indication and comparing their efficacy. We performed MEDLINE and EMBASE ...
Awonuga D O - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy is the major risk factor for symptomatic urinary tract infection during pregnancy. Screening and identification of bacteriuria during pregnancy have been recommended. The general objective of the study was to determine the pattern as well as possible predictors of asymptomatic bacteriuria at the University College ...
Law Ruth - - 2010
In addition to suffering from nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, which is being treated with antiemetics, some of my pregnant patients complain of heartburn and acid reflux. Should these symptoms also be treated and, if so, which acid-reducing medications are safe for use during pregnancy? Increased severity of nausea and ...
Khresheh Reham - - 2011
to explore the strategies used by Jordanian women to manage nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. cross sectional descriptive study. the three regions of Jordan. 235 women aged 18-54 years who had been pregnant. there a number of strategies were used by Jordanian women in the sample for the alleviation of ...
van Esch E M G - - 2010
A 33-year-old woman presented with an ectopic pregnancy without any complaints. Laparoscopy was performed since a tubal pregnancy was expected. However, both fallopian tubes appeared normal and it was not possible to differentiate accurately between a pregnancy in a non-communicating horn and a pregnancy in a bicornuate uterus. We therefore ...
Goecke Tamme W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pregnancy-associated symptoms and common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes known to be involved in the pathogenesis of nausea and vomiting. DESIGN: In a standardized, questionnaire-based interview, women selected from a control cohort for association studies were asked retrospectively about nausea and vomiting during ...
Jewell David - - 2010
Nausea and vomiting are the most common symptoms experienced in early pregnancy, with nausea affecting between 70 and 85% of women. About half of pregnant women experience vomiting. To assess the effects of different methods of treating nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth ...
Matthews Anne A School of Nursing, Dublin City University, Collins Avenue, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2010
Nausea, retching and vomiting are very commonly experienced by women in early pregnancy. There are considerable physical and psychological effects on women who experience these symptoms. This is an update of a review of interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy previously published in 2003. To assess the effectiveness ...
Canepa P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Rubella is generally a mild rush fever disease when acquired in childhood, but when infection occurs during the first months of pregnancy, high risk of trans-placental transmission to the foetus and of congenital anomalies exists. In November 2003, a National Plan for measles and congenital rubella elimination was approved ...
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