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Pavord Sue - - 2012
Iron deficiency is the most common deficiency state in the world, affecting more than 2 billion people globally. Although it is particularly prevalent in less-developed countries, it remains a significant problem in the developed world, even where other forms of malnutrition have already been almost eliminated. Effective management is needed ...
Brown Stephen D - - 2012
We sought to characterize practices and attitudes of maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) and fetal care pediatric (FCP) specialists regarding fetal abnormalities. This was a self-administered survey of 434 MFMs and FCPs (response rate: MFM 60.9%; FCP 54.2%). For Down syndrome (DS), congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), spina bifida: MFMs were more likely ...
Schoonen Marleen - - 2012
In most Western countries, information on prenatal screening for Down syndrome is provided in the first-trimester of pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to examine whether this information should additionally be provided before pregnancy to improve the informed decision-making process. In an empirical study, we obtained data from pregnant ...
Beynon-Jones Siân M - - 2012
Feminist STS analyses of contemporary reproductive medicine have illustrated the proliferation of practices that position fetuses as individual subjects, and have highlighted the major implications of such practices for pregnant women. In an attempt to challenge medicine's claims to 'know' the fetus, this body of literature has also demonstrated the ...
Canti V - - 2012
The impact of hypertension in the pregnancies from autoimmune patients is not unequivocally defined. We have prospectively followed 168 pregnancies from 135 patients from four Italian centres to verify the potential impact of hypertension in the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). The rate of preeclampsia, mean neonatal weight and gestational age at ...
Jefferies Sarah - - 2012
Potential risks to mother and foetus exist with the incorrect use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) products during pregnancy. This study aimed to identify the risks that a woman may face when seeking advice during pregnancy from pharmacies and health food stores (HFS) in Greater Wellington (New Zealand). 21 ...
Goldstein Gregg - - 2012
The diagnosis and treatment of rhinitis, sinusitis, and epistaxis during pregnancy present unique challenges to the otolaryngologist. Poorly controlled sinonasal disease may have significant adverse effects on the mother's quality of life and pregnancy outcomes and the lack of adequately controlled safety data limits the clinician's ability to make informed ...
Hardee Karen - - 2012
In safe motherhood programming in the developing world, insufficient attention has been given to maternal morbidity, which can extend well beyond childbirth. For every woman who dies of pregnancy-related causes, an estimated 20 women experience acute or chronic morbidity. Maternal morbidity adversely affects families, communities and societies. Maternal morbidity has ...
Vitali Beatrice - - 2012
The vaginal microbiota of healthy women consists of a wide variety of anaerobic and aerobic bacterial genera and species dominated by the genus Lactobacillus. The activity of lactobacilli helps to maintain the natural healthy balance of the vaginal microbiota. This role is particularly important during pregnancy because vaginal dismicrobism is ...
Rios Lívia Teresa Moreira LT Mother Child Unit, Universitary Hospital, Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA), São Luiz, MA, - - 2012
Schizencephaly is a brain-destructive lesion relating to clefts in the fetal brain that usually communicate with the ventricular system, subarachnoid space, or both. It presents as two types: Type I (closed) and Type II (open). During pregnancy, it may be suspected in the course of ultrasonography, which highlights ventricular dilatation ...
Milman Nils - - 2011
This review focuses on the prevention and treatment of anemia in women who have just given childbirth (postpartum anemia). The problem of anemia both prepartum and postpartum is far more prevalent in developing countries than in the Western societies. The conditions for mother and child in the postpartum, nursing, and ...
Gipson Jessica D - - 2011
This study draws on in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with young adults in a metropolitan area of the Philippines to examine perceptions and practices of illegal abortion. Study participants indicated that unintended pregnancies are common and may be resolved through eventual acceptance or through self-induced injury or ingestion of ...
Tripathi Reva - - 2011
Aims:  Anemia in pregnancy has been almost synonymous with iron-deficiency anemia but there appears to be a changing trend with emerging evidence of macrocytic anemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical profile of patients having severe anemia in pregnancy. Methods:  This study included all antenatal patients ...
Bodeau-Livinec Florence - - 2011
We studied the prevalence of anemia during pregnancy and its relationship with low birth weight (LBW; birth weight < 2,500 g) in Benin. We analyzed 1,508 observations from a randomized controlled trial conducted from 2005 to 2008 showing equivalence on the risk of LBW between two drugs for Intermittent Preventive ...
Kitova Tanya T - - 2011
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a congenital central nervous system malformation estimated to occur in 1/250 conceptuses and 1/10,000 live births. While the severe forms, which are incompatible with life, are easier to detect in the prenatal period, the milder forms can remain unrecognised. As this can have serious consequences for the ...
Aite Lucia - - 2011
Cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAM) are relatively rare developmental abnormalities of the lung. Despite outcome is usually benign, parents often exhibit high anxiety level. The purpose of the present study was to collect parents'subjective experience of communication of diagnosis when expecting a fetus with CCAM. In the period ranging between 2004 ...
Adhikari K - - 2011
Organophosphate poisoning during pregnancy is rarely reported in the literature. In our retrospective study, we report the outcome of 21 cases of organophosphate poisoning during pregnancy. All patients received atropine injection until the tracheobronchial tree is cleared of the secretions and most secretions were dried. In addition, ventilatory care was ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2011
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, if it occurs in late pregnancy, requires pregnancy termination. Here, we report a woman without a discernable underlying condition who developed neurological deficits at 14 weeks of pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an occipitoparietal brain lesion suggestive of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. Neurological symptoms ameliorated spontaneously ...
Kang So-Hee - - 2011
One of my patients is a pregnant woman in her first trimester with a history of recurrent genital herpes. She is concerned about whether use of her antiviral medication will adversely affect her baby. What should I tell her? Studies have shown that the use of acyclovir or valacyclovir is ...
Sonkusare Shipra - - 2011
Hyperemesis gravidarum is a severe and disabling condition with potentially life-threatening complications. It is likely to have a multifactorial etiology which contributes to the difficulty in treatment. Treatment is supportive with correction of dehydration and electrolyte disturbance, antiemetic therapy, prevention and treatment of complications like Wernicke's encephalopathy, osmotic demyelination syndrome, ...
Milman Nils - - 2011
Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) during pregnancy are risk factors for preterm delivery, prematurity, and small for gestational age birth weight. Iron deficiency has a negative effect on intelligence and behavioral development in the infant. It is essential to prevent iron deficiency in the fetus by preventing iron ...
Williams David - - 2011
Preeclampsia is a multi-organ syndrome of pregnancy, defined by the new onset of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks' gestation. This working definition ignores the variable multi-organ involvement of a syndrome that can include seizures in the absence of hypertension, or fulminating hepatic necrosis in the absence of proteinuria. These ...
Zhang Yafeng - - 2011
This study was undertaken to determine whether there is familial aggregation of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), making it a disease amenable to genetic study. Cases with severe nausea and vomiting in a singleton pregnancy treated with intravenous hydration and unaffected friend controls completed a survey regarding family history. Sisters of women ...
Agida E T - - 2010
Background : Eclampsia remains one of the major causes of maternal morbidity and mortality especially in the developing countries. In Nigeria, it is the 3 rd commonest cause of maternal mortality. The high maternal morbidity and mortality due to eclampsia in the developing countries has been ascribed to late referral, ...
Ebeigbe P N - - 2010
Context: Pregnancy - induced hypertension/eclampsia is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in Nigeria. There have been very few studies focused on early onset pregnancy induced hypertension/eclampsia in Nigerian women Objectives: To determine the incidence, clinical features and outcome of cases of early onset pregnancy-induced hypertension ...
Koren Gideon - - 2010
To evaluate the effectiveness of Diclectin (doxylamine succinate 10 mg-pyridoxine hydrochloride 10 mg, delayed-release preparation) as compared with placebo for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. A randomized, double-blind, multicenter placebo controlled trial studying pregnant women suffering from nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, analyzed by intention to treat. Women received Diclectin ...
Habboushe Joseph P - - 2011
We present the case of a 35-year-old woman with hypotension and abdominal tenderness after acute vomiting and syncope. The patient had been breast-feeding since the birth of a child 8 months earlier, was not yet menstruating, and felt that she was having a reaction to sushi. She was unable to ...
Fujii Yoshitaka - - 2010
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is common in women undergoing dilatation and curettage under general anesthesia for pregnancy termination, and many studies suggest treating these women prophylactically for PONV. Reviewing the antiemetics used over the past 20 years for this indication and comparing their efficacy. We performed MEDLINE and EMBASE ...
Awonuga D O - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy is the major risk factor for symptomatic urinary tract infection during pregnancy. Screening and identification of bacteriuria during pregnancy have been recommended. The general objective of the study was to determine the pattern as well as possible predictors of asymptomatic bacteriuria at the University College ...
Law Ruth - - 2010
In addition to suffering from nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, which is being treated with antiemetics, some of my pregnant patients complain of heartburn and acid reflux. Should these symptoms also be treated and, if so, which acid-reducing medications are safe for use during pregnancy? Increased severity of nausea and ...
Khresheh Reham - - 2011
to explore the strategies used by Jordanian women to manage nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. cross sectional descriptive study. the three regions of Jordan. 235 women aged 18-54 years who had been pregnant. there a number of strategies were used by Jordanian women in the sample for the alleviation of ...
van Esch E M G - - 2010
A 33-year-old woman presented with an ectopic pregnancy without any complaints. Laparoscopy was performed since a tubal pregnancy was expected. However, both fallopian tubes appeared normal and it was not possible to differentiate accurately between a pregnancy in a non-communicating horn and a pregnancy in a bicornuate uterus. We therefore ...
Goecke Tamme W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pregnancy-associated symptoms and common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes known to be involved in the pathogenesis of nausea and vomiting. DESIGN: In a standardized, questionnaire-based interview, women selected from a control cohort for association studies were asked retrospectively about nausea and vomiting during ...
Jewell David - - 2010
Nausea and vomiting are the most common symptoms experienced in early pregnancy, with nausea affecting between 70 and 85% of women. About half of pregnant women experience vomiting. To assess the effects of different methods of treating nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth ...
Matthews Anne A School of Nursing, Dublin City University, Collins Avenue, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2010
Nausea, retching and vomiting are very commonly experienced by women in early pregnancy. There are considerable physical and psychological effects on women who experience these symptoms. This is an update of a review of interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy previously published in 2003. To assess the effectiveness ...
Canepa P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Rubella is generally a mild rush fever disease when acquired in childhood, but when infection occurs during the first months of pregnancy, high risk of trans-placental transmission to the foetus and of congenital anomalies exists. In November 2003, a National Plan for measles and congenital rubella elimination was approved ...
King Tekoa L - - 2009
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is a continuum that ranges from mild discomfort to significant morbidity. Systematic assessment with the use of the Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis/Nausea (PUQE) index and timely treatment using evidence-based protocols can decrease the time that many women spend using treatment recommendations that are inadequate. This ...
Er Tze Kiong - - 2009
We present a case of a 39-year-old woman presenting to the emergency department with persistent vaginal bleeding with myoma and endometrium thickness. The qualitative urine human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) showed positive result, however, the quantitative serum hCG had negative result. The negative serum hCG result suggests that the false-positive result ...
Ebrahimi Neda - - 2009
With up to 80% of pregnant women experiencing nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), it is critical to have a graded scale of its severity as a guide for appropriate treatment. In 2002 we introduced the Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis (PUQE) scoring system, which assessed the severity of nausea and ...
Westfall Rachel E - - 2009
A majority of women experience some nausea and/or vomiting during pregnancy. This condition can range from mild nausea to extreme nausea and vomiting, with 1-2% of women suffering from the life-threatening condition hyperemesis gravidarum. Cannabis (Cannabis sativa) may be used therapeutically to mitigate pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting. This paper presents ...
Nettleman Mary D - - 2009
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether a brief intervention increased home pregnancy test utilization among women at risk for unintended pregnancy. METHODS: The intervention included education, consultation with a nurse, and the provision of a free home pregnancy test kit. Participants were 35 women aged 18-39 years from a Medicaid ...
Bentur Yedidia - - 2009
A 29-year-old woman had a carbon 14 urea breath test for diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection. At time of consultation, it had been 6 weeks since her last menstrual period. Four weeks after her last menstrual period, the results of a urine pregnancy test were negative. On that day, she ...
Nulman Irena - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) and its treatment with diclectin on child neurodevelopment. STUDY DESIGN: An observational cohort study of mother-child pairs ascertained via a pregnancy call-in center was conducted. Three groups of children were studied: 45 with NVP and diclectin, 47 with ...
Huissoud Cyril - - 2009
We analysed changes in coagulation during normal pregnancy with a novel point-of-care device based on thrombelastometry (ROTEM). We compared the results obtained with those of standard coagulation tests in 104 patients: 20 non-pregnant women (controls) and 84 women in the first (T1, n = 17), second (T2, n = 9) ...
Gill Simerpal Kaur SK The Motherisk Program, The Hospital for Sick Children; University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2009
Heartburn (HB) and acid reflux (RF) in the nonpregnant population can cause nausea and vomiting; therefore, it is plausible that in women with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), HB/RF may increase the severity of symptoms. To determine whether HB/RF during pregnancy contribute to increased severity of NVP. A prospectively ...
Ozgoli Giti - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of ginger in nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. DESIGN: This was a single blind clinical trial study. SETTING: The study was conducted in a selected prenatal care clinic of Isfahan City hospitals. SUBJECTS: The subjects included 67 pregnant women ...
Lacasse Anaïs - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Studies that contributed to the epidemiology of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy have reported conflicting findings, and often failed to account for all possible co-variables necessary to evaluate the multidimensional associations. The objectives of this study were to: 1) Estimate the prevalence and the severity of nausea and vomiting ...
Uyar Yavuz - - 2008
Primary infections caused by rubella and cytomegalovirus (CMV) can lead to serious complications in pregnancy. Rubella and CMV screening of pregnant women is not routinely carried out in Turkey. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of rubella and cytomegalovirus among pregnant women. The study was carried ...
Rojanathanes Rojrit - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The urine pregnancy test is an easily available diagnostic test in the present day and is routinely performed. The test is based on an immunochromatography technique. Here, we used an advanced nanomedicine technique for modification of the urine pregnancy test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The preparation of gold nanoparticle solution ...
Fejzo Marlena S - - 2008
The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of severe nausea and vomiting of pregnancy/hyperemesis gravidarum among relatives of affected individuals. Family history data were obtained on 1224 self-reported cases of hyperemesis gravidarum. Cases completed an online survey administered by the Hyperemesis Education and Research Foundation between 2003 ...
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