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Ugwu E O EO Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu, - - 2014
Background: Estimation of fetal weight is important for antenatal and intrapartum management of pregnant women. Sonographic methods are not readily accessible in under-resourced settings, it is therefore necessary to study the accuracy of a clinical method of estimating fetal weight where this limitation (unavailability of ultrasound) exists. Objective: To compare ...
Umul M M Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, - - 2014
In this study, our purpose was to investigate the possible effect of paternal obesity on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes on the basis of clinical pregnancy outcome. Antropometric measurements of 155 couples, referred to our infertility clinic and who underwent an ICSI cycle, have been evaluated. The study sample were ...
Swanson J O JO University of Washington, Department of Radiology, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic impact of limited obstetric ultrasound (US) in identifying high-risk pregnancies when used as a screening tool by midwives in rural Uganda.Study Design:This was an institutional review board-approved prospective study of expecting mothers in rural Uganda who underwent clinical and US exams as part of their standard ...
Bendix Jane - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To describe specific recommendations of activity restriction, place of care, expected beneficial and adverse effects, and recommended antithrombotic prophylaxis in nine clinical scenarios. Methods: A national survey. All members of the Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and the Danish Association of Midwives were asked to complete a ...
Santoro Giuseppe G Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morpho-Functional Images, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2014
Lithopaidion, or stone child, is generally a single rare asymptomatic formation that evolves from an undiagnosed and untreated advanced abdominal pregnancy. The dead fetus is retained in the maternal abdominal cavity, which causes calcification. In this paper, we review the literature on the epidemiology, etiopathogenesis and clinical features of lithopaidion ...
Zhu L L Department of Reproductive Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central-south University, Changsha City, Hunan Province, P.R. - - 2014
Does uterine peristalsis influence the chance of clinical pregnancy in an embryo transfer cycle? The uterine peristaltic wave frequency before embryo transfer is inversely related to the clinical pregnancy rates in fresh and frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles. Uterine peristalsis participates in regulating fluid migration after mock embryo transfer, but whether ...
Abdelkader Mohamed Ali MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cairo University, 28 al arkam ibn abi al arkam street, Al meraj, al maadi, Cairo, - - 2014
Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is implantation of the gestational sac within the hysterotomy scar. Ultrasound is the main diagnostic tool. Early diagnosis and termination of pregnancy is crucial to avoid the risk of uterine rupture. The termination modalities available are dilatation and curettage, methotrexate therapy, hysteroscopy, uterine artery embolization and ...
Cohen Yoni Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 6 Weizmann Street, Tel Aviv 64239, - - 2014
To investigate the values of C-reactive protein (CRP) in early pregnancy for detection of any abnormality of the conceptus and especially the condition of extra-uterine pregnancy (EUP). In this prospective observational study, we established reference values for CRP in early pregnancy. Next, we tested whether a single, wide-range CRP measurement ...
Yan Lee Vivian Chi VC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the incidence of P elevation (PE) in natural cycles and evaluate its effect on frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles performed in natural cycles (FET-NC). Retrospective analysis. A tertiary assisted reproductive unit. Subfertile woman who did not conceive in their stimulated IVF cycle and underwent the first FET-NC cycle. Achieved ...
Vest Amanda R AR Heart Failure Fellow, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Ohio, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA, - - 2014
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy represent the second commonest cause of direct maternal death and complicate an estimated 5-10 % of pregnancies. Classification systems aim to separate hypertension similar to that seen outside pregnancy (chronic and gestational hypertension) from the potentially fatal pregnancy-specific conditions. Preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome, and eclampsia represent increasing severities ...
Kutteh William H WH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA; Fertility Associates of Memphis, PLLC, 80 Humphreys Center, Suite 307, Memphis, TN 38120, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) are acquired antibodies directed against negatively charged phospholipids. Obstetric antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is diagnosed in the presence of certain clinical features in conjunction with positive laboratory findings. Obstetric APS is one of the most commonly identified causes of recurrent pregnancy loss. Thus, obstetric APS is distinguished ...
Liu Liu L Center of Reproductive Medicine, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310006, China; Department of Reproductive Medicine, Jessop Wing, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, University of Sheffield, - - 2014
Reduced endometrial receptivity in hyperstimulated cycles may lead to a lower implantation rate and a lower clinical pregnancy rate, but it is unclear if it is also associated with an increase in pregnancy loss rate. The aim of this study was to compare the implantation, miscarriage, and pregnancy rates between ...
Origoni M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vita Salute San Raffaele University, School of Medicine, Milan, Italy. - - 2014
Cervical cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in pregnancy and cervical screening should be accordingly performed in this particular situation. Occurrence of a preneoplastic cervical disease in pregnancy has for a long time represented a challenge for the clinician, both in terms of diagnostic accuracy, treatment options and risk ...
Fuchs Tomasz T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, - - 2014
With a great interest I have read Quantitive sonoelastography of the uterine cervix by interposition of a synthetic reference material written by Hee et al. (1). Quantitive elastography is a new technique which is a promising new diagnosic tool of uterine cervix especially in diagnosing cervical insufficiency, premature deliveries and postterm ...
Semins Michelle J MJ University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Mercy Hospital, 1350 Locust Street, Suite G100A, Building C, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, - - 2014
Kidney stones affect 10% of people at some point in their lives and, for some unfortunate women, this happens during pregnancy. Pregnancy is a complex state and both physiological and mechanical changes alter risk factors for kidney stone formation. When a pregnant woman develops acute nephrolithiasis, the situation is more ...
Giuliani Rosella R Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", Trieste, - - 2014
The study's aim was to evaluate how information related to a prenatal diagnosis of fetal malformation could modify parenthood experience descriptions during pregnancy and after the child's birth. A longitudinal case-control clinical study was conducted. Data on parenthood experience descriptions collected using a validated semantic differential technique during pregnancy and ...
Gupte Sanjay S Gupte Hospital, Postgraduate Institution and Centre of Research in Reproduction, 904 Bhandarkar Road, Pune, 411 004 - - 2014
Preeclampsia and eclampsia are grave complications of pregnancy responsible for morbidity and mortality. National Eclampsia Registry of the FOGSI has helped in quantifying the magnanimity and also the clinical relevant pointers which can help in improving the health care delivery. Many complex pathogenic mechanisms are now implicated to be responsible ...
Koutroutsos Konstantinos K St George's University of London, London, - - 2014
Differential diagnosis between thrombotic microangiopathies in pregnancy is challenging due to overlapping clinical and pathological findings and the rapid progression of disease. We present here an unusual case of Haemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes and Low Platelets (HELLP) syndrome, which represents this diagnostic dilemma. The patient was treated with steroids and ...
Morales Alvaro S - - 2014
The implantation process after embryo transfer depends on the embryo quality and endometrial receptivity. It is estimated that fifty to seventy-five per cent of pregnancies are lost due to a failure of implantation. There is evidence that there is an early secretion of human chorionic gonadotrophin before embryo implantation, and ...
Ambusaidi Qamariya Q Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Royal Hospital, Muscat, - - 2014
A unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is a uterine anomaly resulting from the incomplete development of one of the Müllerian ducts and an incomplete fusion with the contralateral side. Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn of the uterus is a rare clinical condition with a reported incidence of 1 in ...
Wan Cai-Yun CY Fertility Center, Shenzhen Zhongshan Urology Hospital, Shenzhen 518045, PR China; Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Reproductive Immunology for Peri-implantation, Shenzhen Zhongshan Urological Hospital, Shenzhen 518045, PR China; Shenzhen Zhongshan Institute for Reproduction and Genetics, Shenzhen 518045, PR - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of quarter zona-pellucida (ZP) opening by laser-assisted hatching (QLAH) on the clinical outcomes following transfer of vitrified-warmed blastocysts developed from low-grade cleavage-stage embryos in patients with all high-grade and fair-grade cleavage-stage embryos transferred without achieving pregnancy. Patients were randomized into ...
Banch Clausen Frederik F Laboratory of Blood Genetics, Department of Clinical Immunology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Incompatibility of red blood cell blood group antigens between a pregnant woman and her fetus can cause maternal immunization and, consequently, hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). Noninvasive prenatal testing of cell-free fetal DNA can be used to assess the risk of HDFN to fetuses of immunized women. ...
Cutts Briony A BA aThrombosis & Haemophilia Centre, Guy's & St Thomas' Trust, London, UK bDepartment of Haematology cDepartment of Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, Monash Medical Centre, Claydon, Victoria, Australia dDepartment of Nuclear Medicine, Guy's & St Thomas' Trust, London, - - 2014
Pulmonary embolism is one of the leading causes of mortality in pregnancy in the Western world. No clinical prediction models have been validated in pregnancy. As a result, any pregnant woman presenting with signs possibly consistent with pulmonary embolism is investigated radiologically. This study investigates whether using clinical prediction models ...
Barad David H DH The Center for Human Reproduction (CHR), New York, New York; Foundation for Reproductive Medicine, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate whether granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSG) affects endometrial thickness, implantation rates, and clinical pregnancy rates in routine, unselected IVF cycles. Registered, individually randomized, two-group, parallel double-blinded placebo-controlled clinical trial. Academically affiliated private clinical and research center. 141 consecutive, unselected, consenting women with no history of renal disease, sickle cell ...
Jido Tukur Ado TA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bayero University, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano State, - - 2014
This study was performed with the objective to examine the diagnostic framework for urinary tract infection (UTI) in pregnancy and physician response to the clinical diagnosis and to correlate responses to the results of urine culture and sensitivity. Over a 6-month period, 81 consecutive patients attending the labor ward admission ...
Ngoc Nguyen Thi Nhu NT Center for Research and Consultancy in Reproductive Health, the HungVuong Hospital, and the HocMon General District Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, and the National OBGYN Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam; Gynuity Health Projects, New York, New York; and Stanford University, Palo Alto, - - 2014
To investigate phone follow-up with a semiquantitative urine pregnancy test and symptom checklist as a replacement for universal clinic follow-up after medical abortion. One thousand four hundred thirty-three women seeking early medical abortion at four hospitals in Vietnam were randomized to clinic or phone follow-up. Women allocated to clinic follow-up ...
Filkaszova A - - 2014
Over the last two to three decades, there has been a 15-25 % increase in many countries in the number of women giving birth to large infant. Fetal macrosomia is associated with an increased risk of complications both for the mother and the newborn. In current obstetrics, the macrosomic fetus ...
Lahbabi Mounia M Department of Hepato-gastroenterology, Guelmim, Morocco. - - 2014
Tuberculous peritonitis is one of the least common forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. In the literature, few cases in pregnancy have been previously published. Tuberculous peritonitis in pregnancy is a diagnostic challenge, especially in the absence of lung involvement. It mimics other diseases and clinical presentation is usually non-specific, which may ...
Yazici Gurkan G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey. - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of luteal phase progesterone support on pregnancy rates in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who were treated for clomiphene citrate-resistant anovulatory infertility with ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (OI/ IUI). This randomized study included 110 clomiphene citrate-resistant PCOS patients. All patients underwent ovulation induction with ...
Astley Susan J - - 2014
2013 marks the 40th year since the term fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) was coined at the University of Washington. In 1993, the University of Washington opened the first interdisciplinary FASD diagnostic clinic; expanded to a statewide network of clinics in 1995 (Washington State FAS Diagnostic & Prevention Network (WA FASDPN)), ...
Fottrell Edward E UCL Institute for Global Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom. - - 2014
Maternal morbidity is more common than maternal death, and population-based estimates of the burden of maternal morbidity could provide important indicators for monitoring trends, priority setting and evaluating the health impact of interventions. Methods based on lay reporting of obstetric events have been shown to lack specificity and there is ...
Marchetti Tess - - 2013
Obstetrical antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is defined by obstetrical complications and the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Although the incidence of APS is still poorly known, this thrombophilia is now recognized as one of the most common acquired causes of recurrent fetal loss. The diagnosis of APS during pregnancy can be ...
Burandt Eike E *James Homer Wright Pathology Laboratories, Massachusetts General Hospital †Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2013
Twenty cases of the distinctive tumor-like lesion of the ovary, pregnancy luteoma, are described, with emphasis on pathologic features. The masses occurred in patients from 15 to 44 years of age and were typically incidental findings at or near term. Four patients experienced androgenic manifestations. The luteoma was documented to ...
Brezina Paul R PR Fertility Associates of Memphis, 80 Humphreys Center, Suite 307, Memphis, TN 38120, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are few conditions in medicine associated with more heartache to patients than recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). The management of early RPL is a formidable clinical challenge for physicians. Great strides have been made in characterizing the incidence and diversity of this heterogeneous disorder, and a definite cause of pregnancy ...
Godbole Koumudi - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To correlate and compare prenatal ultrasound with fetal autopsy examination to detect structural births defects and provide specific diagnoses. Methods: 141 second trimester fetuses (<20 weeks and <500 Gm) where pregnancy was terminated for structural birth defects and /or severe IUGR or intra-uterine death, referred to our tertiary ...
Saravelos Sotirios H SH Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St Mary's Campus, Imperial College London, Mint Wing, South Wharf Road, London W2 1PG, - - 2014
Women with unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) represent a highly heterogeneous group of patients. Past studies have investigated systemic endocrine and immunologic mechanisms as potential causes for pregnancy loss in unexplained RPL, while exciting new work has focused on spermatozoal, embryonic, and endometrial characteristics to explain the regulation of implantation ...
Hepner David L - - 2013
The prevalence of anaphylaxis occurring during pregnancy is approximately 3 cases per 100,000 deliveries. The management of anaphylaxis occurring during the third trimester of pregnancy may be challenging because of the additive effects of aortocaval compression and cardiovascular disturbances of anaphylaxis. In this review, we identify the clinical signs of ...
Cohen Stephanie E - - 2013
Syphilis is a complex, systemic disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Syphilis is most commonly transmitted sexually or congenitally and can involve nearly every organ system. Its clinical progression involves several well-characterized stages: an incubation period, a primary stage, a secondary stage, a latent stage, and a late or ...
Bergman Hagit - - 2013
Some of my pregnant patients complain about pruritus. Are there conditions in pregnancy that present with pruritus that might put the mother or fetus at risk? Although most cases of pruritus can be attributed to itchy dry skin, there are conditions unique to pregnancy that involve pruritus as a leading ...
- - 2013
To the Editor: In their Perspective article, Morain et al. (Aug. 8 issue)(1) say that commercial companies have not met reasonable standards for demonstrating clinical validity. This is not correct. In five independent cohorts, researchers have examined 463 pregnancies with fetuses with Down's syndrome, 187 with trisomy 18, and 37 ...
Ashwood Edward R - - 2013
To the Editor: In their Perspective article, Morain et al. (Aug. 8 issue)(1) say that commercial companies have not met reasonable standards for demonstrating clinical validity. This is not correct. In five independent cohorts, researchers have examined 463 pregnancies with fetuses with Down's syndrome, 187 with trisomy 18, and 37 ...
Sehnert Amy J - - 2013
To the Editor: In their Perspective article, Morain et al. (Aug. 8 issue)(1) say that commercial companies have not met reasonable standards for demonstrating clinical validity. This is not correct. In five independent cohorts, researchers have examined 463 pregnancies with fetuses with Down's syndrome, 187 with trisomy 18, and 37 ...
Almashhrawi Ashraf A - - 2013
Pregnancy is a special clinical state with several normal physiological changes that influence body organs including the liver. Liver disease can cause significant morbidity and mortality in both pregnant women and their infants. Few challenges arise in reaching an accurate diagnosis in light of such physiological changes. Laboratory test results ...
Ahmed Khulood T - - 2013
Pregnancy is a special clinical state with several normal physiological changes that influence body organs including the liver. Liver disease can cause significant morbidity and mortality in both pregnant women and their infants. This review summarizes liver diseases that are unique to pregnancy. We discuss clinical conditions that are seen ...
Orvieto Raoul - - 2013
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a serious complication of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). The syndrome almost always presents either after hCG administration in susceptible patients or during early pregnancy. Despite many years of clinical experience, there are no precise methods to completely prevent severe OHSS, except by withholding the ovulation-inducing ...
Blumer Ian - - 2013
Objective: Our objective was to formulate a clinical practice guideline for the management of the pregnant woman with diabetes. Participants: The Task Force was composed of a chair, selected by the Clinical Guidelines Subcommittee of The Endocrine Society, 5 additional experts, a methodologist, and a medical writer. Evidence: This evidence-based ...
Rudra Samar S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maharishi Markendeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Ambala, - - 2013
A broad ligament pregnancy is an extremely rare condition. Diagnosis is often missed and finally made during laparotomy. We present a case which remained undiagnosed throughout her pregnancy till she reached term and unfortunately had intrauterine foetal demise when she reported to our hospital. On clinical suspicion, ultrasound and magnetic ...
Kondo Rogerio Nabor RN State University of Londrina, Regional University Hospital of the North of Paraná, LondrinaPR, - - 2013
Impetigo herpetiformis is a rare dermatosis of pregnancy with typical onset during the last trimester of pregnancy and rapid resolution in the postpartum period. Clinically and histologically, it is consistent with pustular psoriasis. This similarity has led some authors to name the disease "the pustular psoriasis of pregnancy". We report ...
Galofré Juan Carlos - - 2013
Special considerations are warranted in management of thyroid nodule and thyroid cancer during pregnancy. The diagnostic and therapeutic approach of thyroid nodules follows the standard practice in non-pregnant women. On the other hand, differentiated thyroid cancer management during pregnancy poses a number of challenges for the mother and fetus. The ...
Boregowda Geethanjali - - 2013
This chapter on the gastrointestinal and hepatic systems in pregnancy focusses on those conditions that are frequent and troublesome (gastro-oesophageal reflux and constipation), distressing (hyperemesis gravidarum) or potentially fatal (obstetric cholestasis, acute fatty liver of pregnancy and HELLP (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets) syndrome). It also highlights the clinical ...
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