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Vlaanderen Willem W Vinkenlaan 24, 6581 CK, Malden, the - - 2014
Many treatments have been used to increase the chances of an ongoing pregnancy after recurrent miscarriage (RM). Yet no clear evidence for an effective intervention has been found. Therefore, the clinical concept RM should be reconsidered. Both the statistical and clinical bases for RM are poor. If the individual risk ...
Chaiworapongsa Tinnakorn T Perinatology Research Branch, Program for Perinatal Research and Obstetrics, Division of Intramural Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, 31 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA and 3990 John R Street, Detroit, MI 48201, - - 2014
Pre-eclampsia is characterized by new-onset hypertension and proteinuria at ≥20 weeks of gestation. In the absence of proteinuria, hypertension together with evidence of systemic disease (such as thrombocytopenia or elevated levels of liver transaminases) is required for diagnosis. This multisystemic disorder targets several organs, including the kidneys, liver and brain, ...
Tarney Christopher M CM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, North - - 2014
Cogan syndrome is a rare, multisystem, autoimmune disorder of unknown etiology. Little is known about whether it affects pregnancy or whether pregnancy affects the disease. A 24-year-old primigravid woman with Cogan syndrome diagnosed 3 years before her pregnancy presented to our clinic for prenatal care. During pregnancy she experienced no ...
Yeşilyurt Hüseyin H Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Pregnancy after hysterectomy is an extremely rare event. However, if not diagnosed and managed properly, it may result in life-threatening consequences. We report the case of a 28-year-old woman with a history of cesarean hysterectomy 3 years prior who was referred to our institution for evaluation of abdominal pain. Transvaginal ultrasonography ...
Lewiss Resa E RE Department of Emergency Medicine, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, New York USA (R.E.L., T.S.); and Department of Emergency Medicine, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York USA - - 2014
Emergency physicians, obstetrician-gynecologists, and other medical specialists use pelvic sonography when caring for patients presenting with early pregnancy-related symptoms. A thin endomyometrial mantle and eccentric placement of a gestational sac should raise the suspicion for an abnormally implanted pregnancy. In such cases, an interstitial ectopic pregnancy or a cornual pregnancy, ...
Trujillo J J Post Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Rio Grande do Sul Federal University, Rua Ramiro Barcelos 2600, sala 414, 90035-003, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the performance of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) in determining the need for a full oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to diagnose gestational diabetes (GDM) by the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria. A multicenter cohort study of 4926 pregnant women 20 years or older ...
Rodrigues Isolina Mx - - 2014
The different laboratory methods used in the diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis have variable sensitivity and specificity. There is no evidence to prove that maternal treatment reduces the risk of fetal infection. The purpose of this study was to assess methods for the confirmation of congenital toxoplasmosis after maternal treatment with ...
Kalra S S Bharti Hospital, Karnal, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Obstetric diabetology is marked by clinical equipoise and therapeutic ambiguity. The Endocrine Society's clinical practice guidelines on Diabetes and Pregnancy provide a means of navigating this equipoise, resolving its ambiguity and ensuring appropriate care [1]. We agree that some recommendations are more evidence-based than others, and expert consensus is required ...
Piantanida E E Section of Endocrinology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Insubria, Endocrine Unit, Ospedale di Circolo, viale L. Borri, 57, 21100, Varese, Italy, - - 2014
Pituitary apoplexy is a rare endocrine emergency that occurs in a small number of patients with a pituitary tumor. It is a clinical syndrome characterized by the sudden onset of headache, nausea, vomiting, visual impairment, and decreased consciousness, caused by hemorrhage and/or infarction of the pituitary gland. Pituitary apoplexy has ...
Grandone E E Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis Unit, I.R.C.C.S. "Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza", S. Giovanni Rotondo, Foggia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The utility of an antithrombotic prophylaxis in Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) is highly debated. It has been hypothesised that specific effects of heparin on the coagulation system during implantation can improve the number of clinical pregnancies and live births. We studied a cohort of 327 women undergone at least 1 ...
Karamahmutoglu Hatice H Gazi Universitesi Tıp Fakultesi Kadın Hastalıkları ve Dogum Anabilim Dalı, Besevler, Ankara, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of gradient and swim-up semen preparation techniques on pregnancy rates in couples undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles with low dose gonadotropin stimulation with the diagnosis of unexplained or mild male subfertility. Two hundred and twenty three couples were randomized into swim up or gradient technique groups ...
Evans Jemma J Uterine Biology, Prince Henry's Institute of Medical Research, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia Department of Physiology, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3168, - - 2014
Improvements in vitrification now make frozen embryo transfers (FETs) a viable alternative to fresh embryo transfer, with reports from observational studies and randomized controlled trials suggesting that: (i) the endometrium in stimulated cycles is not optimally prepared for implantation; (ii) pregnancy rates are increased following FET and (iii) perinatal outcomes ...
Dimassi Kaouther K Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, Mongi Slim Hospital, La Marsa, Tunisia; Faculty of Medicine, University Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare clinical data and transperineal ultrasound results for the diagnosis of fetal head engagement. The present prospective longitudinal study enrolled 100 term women attending the Mongi Slim Hospital, La Marsa, Tunisia, between July and September 2012. The clinical assessment of fetal engagement was compared with ultrasound measurements. Ultrasound examination ...
Nathan Hl H Women's Health Academic Centre, King's College London, London, - - 2014
To assess the Microlife 3AS1-2, a semi-automated oscillometric BP device, compared to mercury sphygmomanometry for use in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia in a low resource setting, according to the requirements of the British Hypertension Society (BHS) Protocol(1) and the International Organisation of Standardisation (ISO).(2) METHODS: Prospective observational study, using validation methods ...
McBride R R Kingston Hospital, London, - - 2014
Retrospective, case notes review. Do antenatal referrals comply with existing pathway? Is there a clear, agreed reason for referral to Urogynaecology? Do all these patients have an agreed plan for delivery?. Origin of standards is from local referral pathway and guideline on management of 3rd and 4th degree tears. 16/22 ...
Khalil A A Fetal Medicine Unit, St George's University of London, London, - - 2014
To investigate the detection rates of aneuploidy using nuchal translucency (NT) and non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). A retrospective cohort study including 5306 pregnancies that underwent chorionic villus sampling (CVS) for full karyotyping after fetal NT measurement at 11+0-13+6 weeks of gestation. All abnormal karyotypes were reviewed by a clinical geneticist ...
Ryan Amanda A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 12631 East 17th Avenue, Mail Stop B198-3, Aurora, CO, 80045, - - 2014
To determine if etiology of infertility modifies the relationship between the duration of ovarian stimulation and success during assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles. A prospectively collected database was analyzed in an academic infertility practice. Eight hundred and twelve infertile women undergoing their initial fresh embryo, non-donor in vitro fertilization (IVF) ...
Wang Jinhui J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Beijing, 100730, China, - - 2014
To investigate the clinical characteristics and treatment of the Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (HWWS). Sixty-one patients diagnosed with HWWS were retrospectively analyzed. HWWS is categorized into three types in China. Age at presentation of all the cases was after menarche. The most common clinical presentations were dysmenorrhea for type I and vaginal ...
Heerasing N N Department of Gastroenterology, Geelong Hospital, Geelong, Victoria, - - 2014
We describe a case of congenital cataracts in a newborn whose mother received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) throughout her pregnancy. We discuss the potential mechanisms by which TPN may have been causally linked to cataract formation.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 28 May 2014; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2014.103.
Miller Marcus J MJ Dept. of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Citrullinemia type I is a urea cycle disorder caused by autosomal recessive mutations in argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1). In the classical form of this disease, symptoms manifest during the neonatal period as progressive lethargy, poor feeding, and central nervous system depression secondary to hyperammonemia. In pregnancies involving two carrier parents, ...
Uysal Fatma F Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Department of Radiology, Çanakkale, - - 2014
Abstract Aim: This study aims to research whether there is a relationship between first trimester nuchal translucency (NT) measurements and pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), gestational hypertension (GHT), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and oligohydramnios. Method: This study included 225 singleton pregnancies attending Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University Obstetrics ...
Ugwu E O EO Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu, - - 2014
Background: Estimation of fetal weight is important for antenatal and intrapartum management of pregnant women. Sonographic methods are not readily accessible in under-resourced settings, it is therefore necessary to study the accuracy of a clinical method of estimating fetal weight where this limitation (unavailability of ultrasound) exists. Objective: To compare ...
Magee Laura A LA Vancouver - - 2014
Objective: This executive summary presents in brief the current evidence assessed in the clinical practice guideline prepared by the Canadian Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy Working Group and published by Pregnancy Hypertension (http://www.pregnancyhypertension.org/article/S2210-7789(14)00004-X/fulltext) to provide a reasonable approach to the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Evidence: ...
Oraif Ayman A The Fertility Clinic at London Health Sciences Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Western University, London - - 2014
Objective: During an in vitro fertilization treatment cycle, having embryos retained in the catheter after embryo transfer is a relatively uncommon and frustrating event. The reported incidence of retained embryos varies between 1% and 8%. It can be difficult to explain this unwanted event to patients. We wished to determine ...
Gundabattula Sirisha Rao SR Consultant, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fernandez Hospital , Hyderabad, India - - 2014
Primary abdominal pregnancy has a higher mortality rate than other ectopic gestations. Delayed diagnosis can be associated with catastrophic haemorrhage. This report describes a spontaneous conception which occurred in the uterosacral ligament in a woman with no known risk factors for an ectopic pregnancy. Extrauterine pregnancy was diagnosed by ultrasound ...
Krzyścin Mariola - - 2014
This paper describe the case of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in pregnancy diagnosed by angio CT The clinical diagnosis of PTE in normal population is difficult. In pregnancy is even more complicated, because physiologic changes of pregnancy can mimic signs and symptoms of PTE. Our patient presented dyspnoea, breathing effort and ...
Bozinović Marija Trenkić - - 2014
Drusen of the optic nerve head are relatively benign and asymptomatic. They represent retinal hyaline corpuscles resulting from impaired axoplasmic transport of the retinal ganglion cells of optic nerve in front of the lamina cribrosa. They are usually detected accidentally, during a routine ophthalmologic examination. Most patients with optic disc ...
Paolo Busardo Francesco - - 2014
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a serious obstetric emergency, burdened with a high rate of mortality and morbidity and possible permanent neurological sequelae for those women who survive. The clinical presentation commonly includes: acute hypotension or cardiac arrest, acute hypoxia (dyspnea, cyanosis or respiratory arrest) and coagulopathy (intravascular coagulation or ...
Inversetti Annalisa A San Raffaele Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Via Olgettina 60, Milan 20132 , - - 2014
Introduction: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is one of the most common pregnancy complication characterized by placental and maternal vascular dysfunction. It affects about 3 - 8% of women during the second half of pregnancy and represents one of the major causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality. The etiology of PE largely remains ...
Knez Jure J Gynaecology Diagnostic and Outpatient Treatment Unit, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Wing, University College Hospital, 235 Euston Road, London NW1 2BU, - - 2014
Bleeding and pain are experienced by 20% of women during the first trimester of pregnancy. Although most pregnancies complicated by pain and bleeding tend to progress normally, these symptoms are distressing for woman, and they are also associated with an increased risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. Ultrasound is the ...
Findikli Necati N aBahceci Fulya IVF Centre bDivision of Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics and Gyneocology, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
The purpose of the review is to summarize recent developments in time-lapse technologies and early embryo morphokinetics and to discuss their impact on current clinical outcomes. Contemporary embryo culture and selection methodologies that are based on classical morphology are clearly limited in providing the most suitable embryo for a successful ...
T Ghi G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
We herein sonographically document a new type of fetal head malposition in labor which has never been clinically described. In some circumstances, the fetal lie is characterised by a lateral twisting of the head on either side of the trunk and at suprapubic ultrasound, a transverse section of the fetal chest ...
Umul M M Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, - - 2014
In this study, our purpose was to investigate the possible effect of paternal obesity on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes on the basis of clinical pregnancy outcome. Antropometric measurements of 155 couples, referred to our infertility clinic and who underwent an ICSI cycle, have been evaluated. The study sample were ...
Swanson J O JO University of Washington, Department of Radiology, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic impact of limited obstetric ultrasound (US) in identifying high-risk pregnancies when used as a screening tool by midwives in rural Uganda.Study Design:This was an institutional review board-approved prospective study of expecting mothers in rural Uganda who underwent clinical and US exams as part of their standard ...
Bendix Jane - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To describe specific recommendations of activity restriction, place of care, expected beneficial and adverse effects, and recommended antithrombotic prophylaxis in nine clinical scenarios. Methods: A national survey. All members of the Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and the Danish Association of Midwives were asked to complete a ...
Friedman Alexander M AM Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and placental abruption are obstetrical conditions that constitute the syndrome of ischemic placental disease or IPD, the leading cause of indicated preterm birth and an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. While the phenotypic manifestations vary significantly for preeclampsia, IUGR, and abruption, these conditions ...
Rahman R R Dr Reefaat Rahman, Medical Officer, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Shahbagh, Dhaka, - - 2014
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder of the neuromuscular transmission, caused by auto antibodies against the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. These antibodies of the IgG isotype are detected in 80-90% of generalized MG and in 50-70% of ocular MG. Seronegative MG is caused by humoral factors. Prevalence of MG lies ...
Kinoshita Toshihiko T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Toho University Medical Center, Sakura Hospital , Chiba, - - 2014
A 40-year old woman, gravida 4, para 4, presented with sudden lower abdominal pain and severe vaginal bleeding at 17 weeks of gestation. Clinical symptoms and ultrasonographic finding revealed placental abruption. The volume of bleeding was heavy and led to disseminated intravascular coagulation and hypovolemic shock. We performed blood transfusion ...
Santoro Giuseppe G Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morpho-Functional Images, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2014
Lithopaidion, or stone child, is generally a single rare asymptomatic formation that evolves from an undiagnosed and untreated advanced abdominal pregnancy. The dead fetus is retained in the maternal abdominal cavity, which causes calcification. In this paper, we review the literature on the epidemiology, etiopathogenesis and clinical features of lithopaidion ...
Zhu L L Department of Reproductive Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central-south University, Changsha City, Hunan Province, P.R. - - 2014
Does uterine peristalsis influence the chance of clinical pregnancy in an embryo transfer cycle? The uterine peristaltic wave frequency before embryo transfer is inversely related to the clinical pregnancy rates in fresh and frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles. Uterine peristalsis participates in regulating fluid migration after mock embryo transfer, but whether ...
Abdelkader Mohamed Ali MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cairo University, 28 al arkam ibn abi al arkam street, Al meraj, al maadi, Cairo, - - 2014
Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is implantation of the gestational sac within the hysterotomy scar. Ultrasound is the main diagnostic tool. Early diagnosis and termination of pregnancy is crucial to avoid the risk of uterine rupture. The termination modalities available are dilatation and curettage, methotrexate therapy, hysteroscopy, uterine artery embolization and ...
Cohen Yoni Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 6 Weizmann Street, Tel Aviv 64239, - - 2014
To investigate the values of C-reactive protein (CRP) in early pregnancy for detection of any abnormality of the conceptus and especially the condition of extra-uterine pregnancy (EUP). In this prospective observational study, we established reference values for CRP in early pregnancy. Next, we tested whether a single, wide-range CRP measurement ...
Yan Lee Vivian Chi VC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the incidence of P elevation (PE) in natural cycles and evaluate its effect on frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles performed in natural cycles (FET-NC). Retrospective analysis. A tertiary assisted reproductive unit. Subfertile woman who did not conceive in their stimulated IVF cycle and underwent the first FET-NC cycle. Achieved ...
Vest Amanda R AR Heart Failure Fellow, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Ohio, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA, - - 2014
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy represent the second commonest cause of direct maternal death and complicate an estimated 5-10 % of pregnancies. Classification systems aim to separate hypertension similar to that seen outside pregnancy (chronic and gestational hypertension) from the potentially fatal pregnancy-specific conditions. Preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome, and eclampsia represent increasing severities ...
Kutteh William H WH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA; Fertility Associates of Memphis, PLLC, 80 Humphreys Center, Suite 307, Memphis, TN 38120, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) are acquired antibodies directed against negatively charged phospholipids. Obstetric antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is diagnosed in the presence of certain clinical features in conjunction with positive laboratory findings. Obstetric APS is one of the most commonly identified causes of recurrent pregnancy loss. Thus, obstetric APS is distinguished ...
Liu Liu L Center of Reproductive Medicine, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310006, China; Department of Reproductive Medicine, Jessop Wing, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, University of Sheffield, - - 2014
Reduced endometrial receptivity in hyperstimulated cycles may lead to a lower implantation rate and a lower clinical pregnancy rate, but it is unclear if it is also associated with an increase in pregnancy loss rate. The aim of this study was to compare the implantation, miscarriage, and pregnancy rates between ...
Origoni M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vita Salute San Raffaele University, School of Medicine, Milan, Italy. - - 2014
Cervical cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in pregnancy and cervical screening should be accordingly performed in this particular situation. Occurrence of a preneoplastic cervical disease in pregnancy has for a long time represented a challenge for the clinician, both in terms of diagnostic accuracy, treatment options and risk ...
Nascimento Maria Isabel do MI Departamento de Epidemiologia e Bioestatística, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, - - 2014
To assess the incidence and conditions associated with cesarean section in a cohort of pregnant women with intrauterine fetal death (IUFD), and clinical management to anticipate the childbirth. It was a retrospective cohort study with 163 mothers with IUFD, at the second half of pregnancy, who were managed to anticipate ...
Fuchs Tomasz T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, - - 2014
With a great interest I have read Quantitive sonoelastography of the uterine cervix by interposition of a synthetic reference material written by Hee et al. (1). Quantitive elastography is a new technique which is a promising new diagnosic tool of uterine cervix especially in diagnosing cervical insufficiency, premature deliveries and postterm ...
Semins Michelle J MJ University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Mercy Hospital, 1350 Locust Street, Suite G100A, Building C, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, - - 2014
Kidney stones affect 10% of people at some point in their lives and, for some unfortunate women, this happens during pregnancy. Pregnancy is a complex state and both physiological and mechanical changes alter risk factors for kidney stone formation. When a pregnant woman develops acute nephrolithiasis, the situation is more ...
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