Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1756
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Balin Mehmet - - 2012
It is known that menopause or lack of endogenous estrogen is a risk factor for endothelial dysfunction and CAD. Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is involved inmultiple phases of vascular dysfunction. The purpose of the current study was to determine the association between soluble LOX-1 (sLOX-1) and pregnancy followed ...
Cetković Aleksandar - - 2012
Background. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate plasma kisspeptin levels in 129 singleton pregnancies with diabetes [pregestational insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type 1) and gestational diabetes (GD)] and hypertensive disease [chronic hypertension (CH), gestational hypertension, and preeclampsia (PE)] as a potential marker of placental dysfunction and adverse perinatal ...
Iliodromiti S - - 2012
We investigated whether the concentration of the glycoprotein fetuin A is altered in the second trimester amniotic fluid of trisomy 21 pregnancies compared with euploid pregnancies. 25 pregnancies with an extra chromosome 21 were matched for maternal and gestational age with 25 pregnancies with normal karyotype. Levels of fetuin A ...
Saarelainen Heli - - 2012
Background. Our objective was to evaluate endothelial function and markers of inflammation during and after pregnancy in normal pregnancies compared to pregnancies complicated with hypertension or preeclampsia (PE). Methods and Results. We measured endothelium-dependent brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumour necrosis ...
Zong Lu L Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, PR - - 2012
To investigate the expression and changes of high-temperature requirement A1 (HtrA1) during pregnancy and the use of this value in predicting preeclampsia. Serum samples were collected from pregnant mothers at different gestational weeks, and double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to describe the changes in HtrA1 in serum during ...
Fã Rger F - - 2012
To investigate pregnancy related changes of rheumatoid factor (RF) isotypes and anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) and their association with disease activity and therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. In 22 rheumatoid arthritis patients disease activity (DAS28-CRP), therapy as well as the levels of rheumatoid factor isotypes (IgG, IgA, IgM) and ...
Prats Pilar - - 2012
To examine the distribution of first-trimester biochemical markers of aneuploidy in twins according to chorionicity. Maternal serum free-β-human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) were measured between 8-13 + 6 weeks as a part of a routine first-trimester screening program in conjunction with fetal nuchal translucency measured at 11 to ...
Moslemi Zadeh Narges - - 2012
Background. Preeclampsia affects 5-6% of all pregnancies. Predictive factors of preeclampsia can be helpful in early diagnosis of this disease. In this study the predictive values of biochemical markers placenta protein 13 (PP13) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) have been assessed in early diagnosis of preeclampsia. Methods. This case-control ...
Abdulkareem T A - - 2012
This study was carried out to demonstrate the pregnancy-specific protein B (PSPB), progesterone and some biochemical parameters concentrations in amniotic fluid, allantoic fluid and fetal serum collected from slaughtered Iraqi riverine pregnant buffaloes at three different months of gestation (6th, 7th and 8th). Ten out of 22 adult buffaloes of ...
Kayatas Semra - - 2012
Background: Pregnancy in patients with Wegener's granulamotosis (WG) is rare, and differential diagnosis of WG flare and preeclampsia is difficult. Case: A pregnant 35 year old with WG was referred with diagnosis of severe preeclampsia; caesarean section was performed. Intubation of the patient was difficult due to subglottic stenosis. Because ...
Doria Andrea - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate an extensive panel of cytokines involved in immune regulation during pregnancy in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and in healthy women. A total of 47 consecutive successful pregnancies in 46 SLE patients and 56 pregnancies in 56 matched healthy subjects, as ...
Lorzadeh Nahid N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Asali Hospital, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Lorestan, Iran. - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of fetal sex on serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and testosterone in normotensive and preeclamptic pregnancies. This is a cross-sectional study and 139 women with singleton pregnancies in the third trimester were studied. Seventy-one pregnancies were uncomplicated; among those ...
Tong Guo Qing - - 2012
This study sought to evaluate the outcome of fresh and vitrified-warmed cleavage-stage and blastocyst-stage embryo transfers in patients undergoing ART treatment within an ethnic Chinese population. We compared the clinical results of embryo transfer on the 3rd (cleavage stage) or 5th (blastocyst stage) day after oocyte retrieval, including clinical ...
Keltz Martin D - - 2012
To determine whether a progesterone-to-estradiol (P/E2) ratio on day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration would be a better predictor of in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome than serum P alone. All 348 fresh IVF cycles performed in 2002 and 2003 at a university hospital center were reviewed for all cycle ...
Guanciali-Franchi Paolo - - 2012
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is a rare disorder characterized by macrosomia, macroglossia, visceromegaly, and omphalocele and an increased risk of growing tumors. Prenatal and postnatal high levels of serum alpha-fetoprotein are associated with several diseases and neoplasms including hepatoblastomas and other hepatic tumors. The diagnosis of BWS is usually made in ...
Duncan R P RP Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gosford Hospital, Gosford, NSW 2250, - - 2012
Isolated tubal torsion is a rare event. The clinical presentation is often nonspecific and the diagnosis is difficult, especially in the gravida abdomen. If left untreated, torsion can result in premature labour and foetal loss, as well as maternal morbidity. Here we present a case of isolated tubal torsion in ...
Gersak Ksenija - - 2012
Abstract Aims: To investigate the association between increased yolk sac diameter and abnormal karyotype. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 42 patients with no history of diabetes between 6 and 12 weeks of gestation with increased yolk sac diameter measuring ≥6mm was evaluated by transvaginal ultrasound. Sonographic findings were correlated with karyotype. ...
Sun Sue Yazaki SY Department of Obstetrics, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), 05303-000 São Paulo, SP, - - 2012
Heterotopic pregnancy is a condition characterized by implantation of one or more viable embryos into the uterine cavity while another one is implanted ectopically, particularly into the uterine tube. Its occurrence has increased drastically over the last few years due to assisted reproduction procedures. In general, the diagnosis is made ...
Krielessi Vassiliki - - 2012
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the extent of placental lesions associated with blood pressure (BP) levels in pregnancies complicated by hypertension. Methods. 55 singleton pregnancies complicated by mild hypertension were recruited and compared to 55 pregnancies complicated by severe hypertension. The histological assessment was carried out ...
Kaitu'u-Lino Tu'uhevaha J - - 2012
Miscarriage is the most common complication of pregnancy. Pre-clinical miscarriage has an estimated incidence of 30%, whilst clinical miscarriage has an incidence of 12-15%. Two thirds of pregnancies lost to miscarriage are believed to be attributable to defective placentation, thus a number of studies have sought to identify markers of ...
Jian Yun Xu - - 2012
Aims. Antenatal dexamethasone administration for fetal lung development may impair maternal glucose tolerance. In this study, we investigated whether glucose and insulin levels differed among singleton and twin pregnancies and pregnancies with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) after treatment with dexamethasone. Methods. Singleton pregnancies, twin pregnancies, and pregnancies with IGT between ...
Naruse Katsuhiko - - 2012
Increased insulin resistance and inflammatory action are observed in pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), but similar insulin resistance is observed also in successful pregnancy. To estimate insulin resistance and inflammatory activity in normal pregnancy and PIH, serum concentrations of free fatty acids (FFA; corrected with albumin to estimate unbound FFA), monocyte chemoattractant ...
Quant Hayley H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2012
In patients with new onset seizures during pregnancy, it can be challenging to differentiate between eclampsia and other etiologies. Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase (sFlt1) is an antiangiogenic protein that is elevated in preeclampsia and eclampsia. A multiparous woman presented at 22 weeks gestation with seizures. The initial presentation was highly ...
Govind Abha - - 2012
The authors report a case in which a molar pregnancy was mistaken for an ectopic pregnancy in the early first trimester. This confusion delayed diagnosis and caused distress; follow-up led to the final diagnosis of complete hydatidiform mole. Correct preoperative diagnosis of molar pregnancy by ultrasound in early pregnancy may ...
Han Sileny N - - 2012
Recent insights provide support for the treatment of cancer during pregnancy, a coincidence that poses both mother and fetus at risk. Our aim was to critically review studies on the physiologic variations during pregnancy, the most common tumor markers used in diagnosis and follow-up of gynecological cancers. We conducted a ...
Zhou Xi - - 2012
In the present study, the case of a 34-year-old Chinese female who underwent in vitro fertilization resulting in a twin pregnancy was reported. Following in vitro fertilization, the patient was found to have a partial hydatidiform mole (PHM) with a co-existing twin by transvaginal sonography (TVS). At 16 weeks, the ...
Silverberg Kaylen M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of intravaginal and IM P for luteal phase support in IVF cycles. DESIGN: Prospective trial. SETTING: Tertiary care private practice. PATIENT(S): Women 25-44 years old with infertility necessitating treatment with IVF. From April 1, 2008-April 1, 2009, 511 consecutive patients were enrolled; 474 completed participation, ...
Fischer-Betz Rebecca - - 2011
Adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) is an uncommon, systemic, inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, characterised by spiking fevers, skin rash, and arthritis. Treatment consists of glucocorticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs. Over the last few years it has become increasingly evident that treatment with the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) anakinra is highly ...
Guin Gita - - 2011
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE(S): Evaluating feto-maternal outcome in pregnancies with abnormal liquor volume. 200 pregnant subjects between 20 and 42 weeks of gestation, who were clinically suspected to have an abnormal amniotic fluid volume (oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios) were subjected to ultrasonographic (USG) assessment of amniotic fluid index. The subjects were closely monitored ...
Nakamura Y - - 2011
In commercial embryo transfer industry, accurate early detection of pregnant and nonpregnant cows plays a key role in achieving an optimum calving-to-conception interval. The DG29(TM) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit (Conception, Animal Reproduction Technologies, Beaumont, Canada) measures the level of pregnancy-related glycoproteins in blood that are linked to pregnancy. Here, ...
Canning Sally Schwer - - 2011
In this poem, the author examines the grief a patient can have when she loses a pregnancy. The author readily admits how difficult it is to put the longing felt by both patient and doctor into words. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).
Yoshino Osamu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The relationship between fibroids and infertility remains a critical and unresolved question. During the implantation phase, it is known that uterine peristalsis is dramatically reduced, which is thought to facilitate implantation of the embryo to the endometrium. In the previous study, using a cine MRI mode, we found that ...
Tufano Antonella - - 2011
The prompt and accurate diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) greatly influences patient outcomes. However, diagnosing PE is one of the most difficult challenges confronting physicians, even more so when the clinical suspicion is addressed in children, during pregnancy, or in elderly patients. In these patient groups, symptoms and signs from ...
Bajoria Rekha - - 2011
Improved care of β-thalassemia major (β-TM) patients has brought with it new challenges for the patient to have a family. We report our 15-year experience with 30 couples with 28 pregnancies following artificial reproductive techniques (ART). Sixty percent of females had hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (HH) with diminished ovarian reserve and responded ...
Humbert Larry - - 2011
This study examined the association of pregnancy intention with maternal behaviors and the woman's perceived satisfaction with her prenatal and delivery care. Face-to-face interviews with 478 primarily Medicaid eligible women in Indianapolis, Indiana during their postpartum hospital stay were conducted to assess their degree of satisfaction with prenatal care and ...
Verma Usha - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report successful conservative management of nontubal ectopic pregnancies. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: University tertiary-care hospital. PATIENT(S): Sixty-four women with diagnosis of nontubal ectopic pregnancies (cervical, cornual, and cesarean section scar) were treated with minimally invasive procedures. INTERVENTION(S): Systemic methotrexate alone or combined with ultrasound-guided fetal intracardiac injection ...
Qiong Zhang - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To treat heterotopic pregnancy with a minimally invasive procedure, absent a feticide drug. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Classification III). SETTING: University-affiliated hospital, center of reproductive medicine, department of obstetrics and gynecology, central south university, Changsha Hunan China. PATIENTS: A total of nine patients' diagnosed cornual heterotopic pregnancy resulted ...
Nyboe Andersen Anders - - 2011
After the introduction of recombinant FSH preparations for IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), it became clear that good pregnancy rates could be achieved with or without any exogenous LH, irrespective of the protocol used. Both recombinant LH- and human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG)-containing menotrophins are available, so biology and pharmacology ...
Choe Seung Ah - - 2011
There are limited data regarding the significance of elevated serum CA-125 level during IUI cycles, even though it is used widely during the initial evaluation of infertile patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of serum CA-125 levels during IUI cycles. Among the patients with ...
Tanaka Yudai - - 2011
To assess the clinical effectiveness of falloposcopic tuboplasty in tubal infertility. Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). Infertility clinic. Three hundred forty-five infertile patients (≥2y) with a diagnosis of proximal tubal occlusion, either bilateral or unilateral, between January 2005 and January 2011. Falloposcopic tuboplasty. Medical records for 345 ...
Giron Amilcar Martins - - 2011
Purpose: Bladder exstrophy (BE) is an anterior midline defect that causes a series of genitourinary and muscular malformations, which demands surgical intervention for correction. Women with BE are fertile and able to have children without this disease. The purpose of this study is to assess the sexual function and quality ...
Bera Swati - - 2011
Hypertension complicating pregnancy is an important cause of foetal and maternal mortality and morbidity. Serum sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium were evaluated in cases with gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia and compared with normotensive pregnant women of corresponding period of gestation. Taking urinary micro-albumin creatinine ratio as standard to predict pregnancy ...
Hsu C-H - - 2011
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a complex disorder in which pulmonary arterial obstruction leads to elevated pulmonary arterial resistance and right ventricular failure. Normal physiologic changes that occur during pregnancy and immediately postpartum may produce fatal consequence in PAH patients. Pregnancy in patients with PAH has a high maternal mortality, ...
Hidaka Nobuhiro - - 2011
We have summarized the care management of pregnant women with complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) by reviewing data from the published literature as well as our own experience in 32 pregnancies. Obstetrical management of women with a permanent pacemaker implanted prior to conception has been sufficiently reported thus far, and the ...
James Daphne J - - 2011
Ionizing radiation used in diagnostic nuclear medicine procedures has the potential to have biologic effects on a fetus. Nuclear medicine technologists (NMTs) therefore have a responsibility to ensure that they question all patients of childbearing age about their pregnancy status before starting any procedure, to avoid unnecessary fetal irradiation. In ...
Csokmay John M JM Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307, USA. - - 2011
To determine whether a mandatory single-blastocyst transfer (mSBT) algorithm reduced multiple gestation rates without sacrificing clinical pregnancy rates. Retrospective review. U.S. university-based assisted reproductive technology (ART) program. All women younger than 38 years undergoing their first ART cycle from 2009 to 2010 with ≥4 high-grade embryos on day 3 after ...
Geng Yanxia - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Acute pancreatitis during pregnancy is a rare and dangerous disease. This study attempts to present a comprehensive analysis of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) during pregnancy and to identify the factors associated with poor outcomes. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of the medical records of SAP patients during ...
Speiser Dorothee - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: For treatment in patients with early-stage cervical cancer, radical vaginal trachelectomy (RVT) as a fertility-preserving surgery can be put on a par with radical hysterectomy as to oncologic safety. Our aim was to investigate the fertility concerns and outcome. METHODS:: Prospective collection of fertility data of patients treated with ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2011
The manuscript in this issue of the journal by Bissonette et al. reports on a new government-sponsored intervention into the practice of IVF within the province of Quebec, Canada, which in the authors' opinion highly successfully reduced twinning rates, while maintaining overall acceptable pregnancy rates. Given the opportunity to comment, ...
Petridis Athanasios K AK Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospitals Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, - - 2011
We present a case of a child suffering of hydranencephaly. The interesting fact in the case is that there were no embryological examinations during pregnancy and therefore could the anomaly, which would have been easily avoided by regular visits to the obstetrician, not be diagnosed timely. Education of mothers is ...
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