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Results 251 - 300 of 1752
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Bhide Priya - - 2012
This single-centre retrospective observational study was performed at a university IVF centre. The aim was to examine the predictive power of AMH concentrations for clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and establish a cut-off concentration of AMH below which no pregnancies were achieved. Data from 820 women with one treatment cycle each ...
Scher Mark S - - 2012
The peripartum period entails the next prenatal interval when novel neuroprotective strategies will be designed and tested. Research development will lead to novel evaluations for maternal-fetal pairs who require inpatient treatment and possible delivery for worsening or acute neurologic problems. Future studies should critically compare serial fetal surveillance assessments with ...
Varner Michael - - 2012
It has long been hoped that cesarean hysterotomy scar imaging data could predict obstetric complications in subsequent pregnancies with sufficient precision to be used for clinical decision-making. Although large visualized defects in nonpregnant uteri, and thinning of the lower uterine segment late in subsequent pregnancies, may be associated with increased ...
Ku Pei-Yun PY Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, - - 2012
To compare the clinical outcomes between fresh and vitrified-thawed day 5 blastocyst transfers. Retrospective case control study. Tertiary referral center. Patients 38 years of age or less who underwent IVF/ICSI cycles with fresh or frozen-thawed blastocysts transferred from June 1, 2009 to November 30, 2011 Vitrification and thawing of day 5 ...
Gernsheimer Terry - - 2012
A mild thrombocytopenia is relatively frequent during pregnancy and has generally no consequences for either the mother or the fetus. Although representing no threat in the majority of patients, thrombocytopenia may result from a range of pathologic conditions requiring closer monitoring and possible therapy. Two clinical scenarios are particularly relevant ...
Tello-Montoliu Antonio - - 2012
Ischemic heart disease is uncommon during pregnancy, occurring in approximately 1/10,000 pregnancies resulting in live births. However, the increased age and fertility of mothers has suggested that the coexistence of pregnancy and coronary artery disease is likely to increase. A subject of debate is the management of dual antiplatelet therapy ...
Tonni Gabriele - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal counselling in case of fetal obstructive uropathies still represents a clinical dilemma, despite ultrasound detection of lower urinary tract obstruction has greatly advanced during recent years as well as fetal intervention techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the relevant literature on the topic was performed, with ...
Hanevik H I - - 2012
The present study investigated if acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) and terbutaline in combination increased the clinical pregnancy rate in patients undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF)/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). A randomised controlled trial was designed, in which 167 patients were randomised to taking ASA for 9 weeks after embryo transfer and ...
van Mello Norah M - - 2012
Nowadays ectopic pregnancy often can be diagnosed before the woman's condition has deteriorated, which has altered the former clinical picture of a life-threatening disease into a more benign condition. This review describes the historical developments in the diagnostic and therapeutic management of ectopic pregnancy leading up to current clinical practice. ...
Rubal Lauren - - 2012
Pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) is a common diagnostic challenge. The primary diagnostic goal is to ensure that the PUL is nonviable prior to proceeding with any invasive procedures. In nonviable PUL, there are several diagnostic and treatment strategies, which are generally quite safe. However, the management option that provides ...
Chiu Rossa Wai Kwun - - 2012
Abstract The collection of fetal genetic materials is required for the prenatal diagnosis of fetal genetic diseases. The conventional methods for sampling fetal genetic materials, such as amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling, are invasive in nature and are associated with a risk of fetal miscarriage. For decades, scientists had been ...
Jette Shannon - - 2012
In this article, we critically examine the clinical guidelines for obesity in pregnancy put forth by the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) that are underpinned by the rules of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM), a system of ranking knowledge that promises to provide unbiased evidence about the effectiveness of ...
Yamada Takashi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Complete automation of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for determination of hemoglobin F (%Hb F) and hemoglobin A1c (%Hb A1c) levels has made this procedure available in many clinical laboratories. However, the physiological changes in %Hb F during pregnancy and the effects of physiological and supraphysiological levels of %Hb A1c ...
Yakasai I A - - 2012
Molar pregnancies in most instances develop within the uterine cavity, but may occur at any site. Ectopic molar pregnancy is a rare event. The objective of this study was to present a case of ruptured tubal molar gestation, discuss its clinical features and ways to improve diagnostic accuracy. A 35-year-old ...
Seeber Beata E - - 2012
The serial measurement of serum hCG concentrations is an important clinical tool used to differentiate normal from abnormal pregnancies. At hCG values below which ultrasonography can be diagnostic, the comparison of a patient's hCG dynamics to those of established expected curves of rise or fall can aid the clinician in ...
Ayala Diana E - - 2012
Gestational hypertension and preeclampsia are major contributors to perinatal morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of gestational hypertension still relies on conventional clinic blood pressure (BP) measurements and thresholds of ≥140/90 mm Hg for systolic (SBP)/diastolic (DBP) BP. However, the correlation between BP level and target organ damage, cardiovascular disease risk, and ...
Clua Elisabet - - 2012
The aim of this study is to compare the cumulative clinical pregnancy and live birth rates (fresh embryo transfers followed by frozen-thawed embryo transfers from the same stimulated cycle) between single-embryo transfer (SET) and double-embryo transfer (DET) in an oocyte donation programme. A retrospective analysis of the outcome in 1139 ...
Vanderzwalmen Pierre - - 2012
In some IVF cycles, no fresh embryo transfer in the stimulated cycle is advisable. The cryopreservation of zygotes and the transfer of blastocysts in a cryo-embryo transfer is an option to circumvent an inadequate uterine environment due to risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, inappropriate endometrium build up, endometrial polyps or ...
Ziyauddin Farah - - 2012
A primary ovarian pregnancy is one of the rarest varieties of ectopic pregnancies. The conditions which are most commonly confused with an ovarian pregnancy are, a ruptured corpus luteal cyst, a haemorrhagic corpus luteum and a ruptured endometriotic cyst. This case presents the clinical and the histological findings of a ...
van Mello N M - - 2012
BACKGROUNDThe term 'pregnancy of unknown location' (PUL) refers to cases where a pregnancy test is positive but the pregnancy cannot be visualized by transvaginal sonography (TVS). Various strategies integrating TVS and serum hCG measures are used to follow-up until the location and/or viability of the pregnancy becomes clear; however, the ...
Osterman Meredith - - 2012
During pregnancy, hormonal fluctuations, fluid shifts, and musculoskeletal changes predispose women to carpal tunnel syndrome. While the clinical presentation is similar to other patients, the history obtained must include information regarding the pregnancy itself. Currently, the indication for electrodiagnostic testing is not clearly defined. Given that symptoms often improve with ...
Murphy Mark - - 2012
Abstract Background: Termination of pregnancy (ToP) is currently illegal in Ireland. In 2010, more than 4000 women travelled from Ireland to the UK for a ToP. Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess the attitudes and clinical experiences of Irish General Practitioners (GPs) and GPs-in-training (GPRs) towards ToP. ...
Kariman N - - 2012
Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy that has a major impact on pregnancy outcomes. A diagnostic tool that is non-invasive, specific and quick is needed to predict PROM. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic power of the vaginal ...
Houtchens Maria K - - 2012
For women with multiple sclerosis (MS) who become pregnant, the risks and benefits of ongoing therapy for the health of both the mother and the fetus must be carefully considered. Based on a literature review and our MS center's standard practices, we provide guidance to aid clinical decision making in ...
Ramphul Meenakshi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To establish the current practice of obstetricians with regard to assessment of women in labour before instrumental delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A national postal survey of obstetricians in consultant-led obstetric units in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Clinical assessment before instrumental delivery, factors associated with difficulty in determining the fetal ...
Bayram Merih - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate whether there is a difference in serum soluble free acid synthesis (sFas)/sFasL levels between patients with preeclampsia, severe preeclampsia and normal healthy pregnancy. Methods: This is a case control study comparing serum sFas and sFasL concentrations in patients with mild ...
Amash Alaa - - 2012
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disorder characterized by hypertension and systemic endothelial dysfunction. Interleukin (IL)-1β is a possible mediator of maternal endothelial dysfunction in preeclampsia. Serum IL-1β as well as its natural inhibitor IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) were reported to be increased in women with preeclampsia. In the current study, we ...
Bakalis Spyros P - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To examine the potential value of maternal serum level of C-reactive protein (CRP) in the first trimester of pregnancy in the prediction of spontaneous early preterm delivery. Methods: Maternal serum concentration of high-sensitivity CRP at 11-13 weeks' gestation was measured in a case-control study of singleton pregnancies delivering ...
Fenzl Vanja - - 2012
PURPOSE: Due to increased metabolic requests, pregnancy can be considered as metabolic stress, especially if associated with oxidative stress triggered by disbalance of pro/antioxidants. The aim of the study was to determine serum concentrations of the trace elements iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) important in growth regulation and ...
Ropacka-Lesiak Mariola - - 2012
Aim: The study evaluated the applicability of Doppler ultrasonography in predicting the course of pregnancy and neonatal outcome in dichorionic pregnancy complicated by growth discordance. Methods: Doppler examination of the umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) was performed in 106 twins. Abnormal values of the UA pulsatility index ...
Bakhireva Ludmila N LN Department of Pharmacy Practice and Administrative Sciences, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, MSC09 5360, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA. - - 2012
Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (%CDT) is a well-established and highly specific biomarker for sustained heavy consumption of alcohol. However, in pregnant women, the specificity of this biomarker might be affected by advanced gestational age, even after accounting for increased transferrin concentrations in pregnancy. The goal of this prospective study was to assess ...
Hofmann-Kiefer Klaus F - - 2012
Severe inflammation has been shown to induce a shedding of the endothelial glycocalyx (EGX). Inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), impede the thickness of the EGX. While a controlled inflammatory reaction occurs already in normal pregnancy, women with hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome ...
Suri Vanita - - 2012
AIM: To study the role of fetal surveillance in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 69 women with obstetric cholestasis were included. Fetal surveillance began at 34 weeks or later at diagnosis and included daily maternal record of fetal movements, biophysical profile (i.e., non-stress test, amniotic fluid ...
Monia Malek-Mellouli - - 2012
In order to evaluate the status of zinc and copper in pregnant women and in preeclampsia, we conducted a prospective case-control study. It involved 56 pregnant women compared with 30 non-pregnant women selected as controls. For pregnant women, serum levels of zinc, copper and ceruloplasmin were determined quarterly. These same ...
Hochman Eldar - - 2012
Pregnancy detection is a common procedure in primary care and can be challenging in the setting of military primary care clinics. The objective of this study was to determine whether the introduction of urine pregnancy tests to military primary care clinics is associated with earlier pregnancy detection. We conducted a ...
So Michelle - - 2012
Background Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder that mainly affects women and the elderly. Objective This article outlines the aetiology, clinical features, investigation and management of hypothyroidism. Discussion In the Western world, hypothyroidism is most commonly caused by autoimmune chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. The initial screening for suspected hypothyroidism is thyroid ...
Demir A - - 2012
The objective of this study was to find a possible correlation between Down syndrome and amniotic fluid leptin. We compared 2nd trimester amniotic fluid leptin levels of fetuses with normal karyotype and with trisomy 21. We retrospectively found 15 fetuses with Down syndrome and we randomly selected 48 fetuses with ...
Stevenson J S - - 2012
Our objectives were to determine characteristics (size, number, and stayability) of luteal structures formed in response to human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administered on d 7 after timed artificial insemination (AI) and the influence of hCG on returns to estrus and pregnancy outcome. Holstein cows (n=328), milked 3 times daily, previously ...
Kim M W - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between maternal and/or cord blood folate/homocysteine concentrations and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The study population included a random sample of singleton pregnant women in whom we measured total homocysteine and folic acid in maternal or cord blood at deliveries. A total ...
Fiorini T - - 2012
Fiorini T, Susin C, da Rocha JM, Weidlich P, Vianna P, Moreira CHC, Bogo Chies JA, Rösing CK, Oppermann RV. Effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy on serum and gingival crevicular fluid cytokine levels during pregnancy and postpartum. J Periodont Res 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2012.01513.x.© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background ...
Kaitu'u-Lino Tu'uhevaha J - - 2012
A shift from type 1 to type 2 immune bias is essential for successful implantation and pregnancy. ST2 is a receptor present on type 2 immune cells and IL-33 was recently discovered to be its ligand. We measured serum levels of soluble ST2 (sST2) and IL-33 across the mid-first trimester ...
Loureiro Teresa - - 2012
Objective: To determine if in fetuses with aneuploidies the diameter of the fourth cerebral ventricle at 11-13 weeks' gestation is different from euploid fetuses. Methods: The fourth ventricle at 11-13 weeks' gestation was assessed in 62 cases of trisomy 21, 32 of trisomy 18, 10 of trisomy 13, and 12 ...
Barbato Olimpia - - 2012
The relationship between the concentration of plasma progesterone (P4) during embryo attachment or at recognition of pregnancy, and that of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) was assessed in dairy cows. The outcome of artificial insemination (AI) was classified as positive (AI+), negative (AI-), or late embryonic mortality (EM) by measuring circulating PAG ...
Saito Felipe Hiroshi - - 2013
We evaluated associations between the concentrations of heat shock proteins (hsp60 and hsp70) and their respective antibodies, alterations in maternal reproductive performance, and fetal malformations in pregnant rats with hyperglycemia. Mild diabetes (MD) or severe diabetes (SD) was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats prior to mating; non-treated non-diabetic rats (ND) served ...
Feng Guixue - - 2012
Selective single-blastocyst transfer (SBT) in fresh cycles has been effective in reducing multiple pregnancies. However, we do not know whether this successful strategy of fresh transfer cycles is suitable for cryopreserved cycles. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the feasibility and value of SBT in vitrified-warmed cycles. Clinical pregnancy ...
Honnma Hiroyuki - - 2012
We used logistic regression analysis to investigate the relationship between serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels and the rate of ongoing pregnancy. Retrospective data were collected from 1043 women who had undergone their first cycle of in vitro fertilization (IVF), including 540 cycles of fresh embryo transfer and 503 cycles of ...
Younis Abdelmoneim - - 2012
We investigated the activities and relevance of a validated panel of antioxidant enzymes, cytokines, specific lipid peroxidation end products and six fatty acids by correlational analyses with peak E(2) levels and pregnancy outcome after ovarian stimulation for IVF or IUI. Blood samples obtained from 15 patients undergoing ovarian stimulation with ...
Glynn Anders - - 2012
We investigated temporal trends of blood serum levels of 13 perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs) and perfluorooctane sulfonamide (FOSA) in primiparous women (N=413) from Uppsala County, Sweden, sampled 3 weeks after delivery 1996-2010. Levels of the short-chain perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS) and perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS) increased 11%/y and 8.3%/y, respectively, and levels ...
Tomimatsu Takuji - - 2012
During pregnancy, and especially during labor, the maternal carbon dioxide level declines considerably. Maternal carbon dioxide levels show a close relation with fetal carbon dioxide levels. The latter affects fetal cerebral oxygenation by regulating cerebral blood flow and shifting the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve. In addition, maternal hypocapnia appears to impair ...
Eskild Anne - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) with serum concentrations of hCG in early pregnancy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Oslo University Hospital, Norway, 1996-2010. PATIENT(S): Among 3,301 pregnancies with live-born offspring conceived after assisted reproductive techniques, 2,611 women had information on serum hCG concentrations on ...
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