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Results 201 - 250 of 1726
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Nash Zachary - - 2013
Presented is a case of an acute, right flank, loin to groin pain in the third trimester of an otherwise uncomplicated pregnancy. Renal calculi was suspected clinically and supported by radiological evidence. Temporising treatment was undertaken successfully by retrograde ureteric stenting, which became blocked, secondarily resulting in a percutaneous nephrostomy. ...
Rodríguez-Ayala Gianni - - 2013
Placental chorioangiomas are relatively common benign placental tumors occurring with an incidence of approximately 1% of histologically studied placentas. However, they show clinical manifestations in very rare pregnancies usually at a median gestational age of 28 weeks. Our report presents an interesting and rare case of severe hydramnios with consequent ...
Pătraşcu Anca - - 2013
In this paper, we present the very rare case of a 21 weeks pregnant woman, examined clinically and by ultrasound. We could observe the present of two heads and a common trunk and therefore we proceeded to the small caesarian of necessity. We examined the fetus from the clinical and ...
Bosteels Jan - - 2013
Observational studies suggest higher pregnancy rates after the hysteroscopic removal of endometrial polyps, submucous fibroids, uterine septum or intrauterine adhesions, which are detectable in 10% to 15% of women seeking treatment for subfertility. To assess the effects of the hysteroscopic removal of endometrial polyps, submucous fibroids, uterine septum or intrauterine ...
Rihani Farouk Bassam - - 2013
Oral granuloma gravidarum (OGG) is a distinct clinical entity used to describe pyogenic granuloma developing mainly on the gingiva of pregnant women, possibly propagated by gingival high levels of active progesterone and poor oral hygiene. We report herein a 41-year-old woman presented 7 months after childbirth with two painless masses ...
Ma Qiaoqin - - 2013
This study is to determine the prevalence of unintended pregnancy and its risk factors among the female attendees of sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in Zhejiang Province, China. A self-administered questionnaire survey of a cross-sectional design was administered to attendees at four STD clinics in 2007. Of the 313 female ...
Rudra Samar - - 2013
A broad ligament pregnancy is an extremely rare condition. The eventuality of such pregnancies reaching full term is even rarer. A full-term broad ligament pregnancy occurring through a rent in a previous lower segment caesarean scar has only been mentioned in literature but not reported. Our patient is an unbooked ...
Kurihara Yasushi - - 2013
We present a case of cervical varix and low-lying placenta. A cesarean section was performed because of the risk of bleeding with vaginal delivery; hemostasis was achieved using z sutures at the bleeding points. After delivery, the cervical varix decreased dramatically in size. It is important to recognize the clinical ...
Marchetti T - - 2013
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired thrombophilia with clinical manifestations associated with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in patient plasma. Obstetrical APS is a complex entity that may affect both mother and fetus throughout the entire pregnancy with high morbidity. Clinical complications are as various as recurrent fetal losses, ...
Moscrop Andrew - - 2013
To examine the extent of primary care follow-up and mental health outcomes among women referred for ultrasound assessment of pain and/or bleeding in early pregnancy, including those whose pregnancy is found to be viable on ultrasound assessment. Questionnaire study with prospective follow-up. Urgent gynaecology clinic in secondary care, England. 57 ...
Manca Donna P DP University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. - - 2013
Pregnant women were recruited into the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study in two cities in Alberta, Calgary and Edmonton. In Calgary, a larger proportion of women obtain obstetrical care from family physicians than from obstetricians; otherwise the cities have similar characteristics. Despite similarities of the cities, the recruitment ...
Grigoriadis Charalampos C 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School of Athens, Aretaieion University Hospital, Vas. Sofias Avenue, 11528 Athens, - - 2013
Alpha-methyldopa has been demonstrated to be safe for use during pregnancy and is now used to treat gestational hypertension. In pregnancy, alpha-methyldopa-induced autoimmune hemolytic anemia does not have typical features and the severity of symptoms ranges from mild fatigue to dyspnea, respiratory failure, and death if left untreated. A case ...
Gonçalves Elisabete E Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Unidade Local de Saúde do Alto Minho, Estrada de Santa Lúzia, No. 13, 4901-858 Viana do Castelo, - - 2013
Unicornuate uterus occurs due to a complete or partial nondevelopment of one Mullerian duct; sometimes it is associated with a rudimentary horn, which can communicate or not with uterine cavity or contain functional endometrium. Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn is rare and the outcome almost always unfavorable, usually ending in ...
Ustüner Işık I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Merkez, 53100 Rize, - - 2013
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) can be chronic or acute in nature; it is characterized by a thrombus formation in the main portal vein and/or its right or left branches. Herein, we present a 36-year-old woman with asymptomatic noncirrhotic chronic PVT who developed preeclampsia in the later stage of pregnancy. This ...
Martelli Federica F Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, - - 2013
The following case report describes a rare case of omental pregnancy in a fertile 34-year-old woman at 5 + 3 weeks of gestation who presented with abdominal pain. Clinical examination, vital signs, and laboratory values were within normal limits, so the woman was hospitalized and monitored. Laparoscopic exploration was performed ...
Roy Jayeeta J Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, WBUHS, Kalyani, - - 2013
Ovarian pregnancy is a rare event occurring in 1-3% of all ectopic pregnancies. Increased reporting might be due to the wider use of intra-uterine devices, ovulatory drugs and assisted reproductive techniques. Though ovarian pregnancy has a distinct pathology, it can be a source of clinical and intraoperative diagnostic difficulty. We ...
Triunfo Stefania S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, - - 2013
Fetal gallstones and cholelithiasis, detected by routine third trimester ultrasound, have been described in the literature with controversial clinical significance. We report a case of fetal cholelithiasis detected at 35 weeks gestation during a routine scan. The diagnosis was performed using an integrated 2-dimensional (2-D) and 3-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound approach ...
Alessandrino F F Foundation IRCCS, Policlinico San Matteo, Institute of Radiology, University of Pavia, Pavia, - - 2013
Uterine arteriovenous vascular malformations (UAVM) are uncommon vascular diseases, occurring during reproductive age. Patients affected by UAMVs usually present with recurrent pregnancy loss or menorrhagia. Initial evaluation of UAVMs is made with ultrasonography (US) and US-Doppler. Magnetic resonance is used when a UAMV is suspected at US. Treatment can be ...
Onofriescu Alina A Department of Diabetology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to compare the GnRH agonist long protocol with the flexible GnRH antagonist protocol in infertile PCOS women undergoing COS in terms of clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), with special reference to the incidence of OHSS. Materials and Methods. The study was conducted at the ...
Semins Michelle Jo MJ University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2013
Kidney stones are very common and unfortunately do not spare the pregnant population. Anatomical and pathophysiological changes occur in the pregnant female that alter the risk for development of nephrolithiasis. Acute renal colic during pregnancy is associated with significant potential risks to both mother and fetus. Diagnosis is often challenging ...
Kasamatsu Yu Y Department of Internal Medicine, Matsushita Memorial Hospital, 5-55, Sotojimacho, Moriguchi-shi, Osaka 570-8540, Japan. - - 2013
The clinical presentation of eosinophilic myocarditis may vary from asymptomatic to the manifestation of severe symptoms, including cardiac tamponade and arrhythmias. In pregnant patients with this condition, drugs must be used cautiously up to approximately the 4th month of pregnancy because drug use should be limited during the period of ...
Sharma Vipra - - 2013
Hemophilia type A is a rare inherited bleeding disorder with a diversity of clinical manifestations ranging from persistent bleeding after minor trauma, spontaneous deep muscle or joint hemorrhage, to intracranial hemorrhage. As an X-linked disorder, hemophilia is rare in females and therefore there is little experience with pregnancy and no ...
Jin Rentao - - 2012
Synchronization between embryonic stage and endometrium is vital to achieve a successful pregnancy. The objective of this study was to assess the implantation, clinical pregnancy and live birth rates of cryopreserved embryo transfer cycles using embryos after extended culture for 16h. A prospective randomized controlled pilot study was performed on ...
Rheinboldt Matthew - - 2012
We report the case of a 20-year-old female who presented to the ER with a 1-week history of worsening abdominal pain and intermittent vaginal bleeding for the previous 5 days. Physical exam was notable for bilateral adnexal tenderness and a closed cervix without motion tenderness or discharge. Laboratory data demonstrated a ...
Dobson Lori J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There are over 30 cases of prenatally diagnosed sacral extensions or human 'tails' in the literature, including isolated and syndromic etiologies. Most cases were reported to resolve by the second trimester and postnatal course was benign. Our objective was to describe the prenatal findings, associated anomalies, and clinical outcome ...
Oleszczuk K - - 2013
The sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) parameter DNA fragmentation Index (DFI) is a valuable tool for prediction of fertility in vivo. Clinical data show that a DFI above 30% is associated with very low chance for achieving pregnancy by natural conception or by insemination. Already when DFI is above 20% ...
Bhide Priya - - 2012
This single-centre retrospective observational study was performed at a university IVF centre. The aim was to examine the predictive power of AMH concentrations for clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and establish a cut-off concentration of AMH below which no pregnancies were achieved. Data from 820 women with one treatment cycle each ...
Scher Mark S - - 2012
The peripartum period entails the next prenatal interval when novel neuroprotective strategies will be designed and tested. Research development will lead to novel evaluations for maternal-fetal pairs who require inpatient treatment and possible delivery for worsening or acute neurologic problems. Future studies should critically compare serial fetal surveillance assessments with ...
Varner Michael - - 2012
It has long been hoped that cesarean hysterotomy scar imaging data could predict obstetric complications in subsequent pregnancies with sufficient precision to be used for clinical decision-making. Although large visualized defects in nonpregnant uteri, and thinning of the lower uterine segment late in subsequent pregnancies, may be associated with increased ...
Ku Pei-Yun PY Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, - - 2012
To compare the clinical outcomes between fresh and vitrified-thawed day 5 blastocyst transfers. Retrospective case control study. Tertiary referral center. Patients 38 years of age or less who underwent IVF/ICSI cycles with fresh or frozen-thawed blastocysts transferred from June 1, 2009 to November 30, 2011 Vitrification and thawing of day 5 ...
Gernsheimer Terry - - 2012
A mild thrombocytopenia is relatively frequent during pregnancy and has generally no consequences for either the mother or the fetus. Although representing no threat in the majority of patients, thrombocytopenia may result from a range of pathologic conditions requiring closer monitoring and possible therapy. Two clinical scenarios are particularly relevant ...
Tello-Montoliu Antonio - - 2012
Ischemic heart disease is uncommon during pregnancy, occurring in approximately 1/10,000 pregnancies resulting in live births. However, the increased age and fertility of mothers has suggested that the coexistence of pregnancy and coronary artery disease is likely to increase. A subject of debate is the management of dual antiplatelet therapy ...
Tonni Gabriele - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal counselling in case of fetal obstructive uropathies still represents a clinical dilemma, despite ultrasound detection of lower urinary tract obstruction has greatly advanced during recent years as well as fetal intervention techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the relevant literature on the topic was performed, with ...
Hanevik H I - - 2012
The present study investigated if acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) and terbutaline in combination increased the clinical pregnancy rate in patients undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF)/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). A randomised controlled trial was designed, in which 167 patients were randomised to taking ASA for 9 weeks after embryo transfer and ...
van Mello Norah M - - 2012
Nowadays ectopic pregnancy often can be diagnosed before the woman's condition has deteriorated, which has altered the former clinical picture of a life-threatening disease into a more benign condition. This review describes the historical developments in the diagnostic and therapeutic management of ectopic pregnancy leading up to current clinical practice. ...
Rubal Lauren - - 2012
Pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) is a common diagnostic challenge. The primary diagnostic goal is to ensure that the PUL is nonviable prior to proceeding with any invasive procedures. In nonviable PUL, there are several diagnostic and treatment strategies, which are generally quite safe. However, the management option that provides ...
Chiu Rossa Wai Kwun - - 2012
Abstract The collection of fetal genetic materials is required for the prenatal diagnosis of fetal genetic diseases. The conventional methods for sampling fetal genetic materials, such as amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling, are invasive in nature and are associated with a risk of fetal miscarriage. For decades, scientists had been ...
Jette Shannon - - 2012
In this article, we critically examine the clinical guidelines for obesity in pregnancy put forth by the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) that are underpinned by the rules of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM), a system of ranking knowledge that promises to provide unbiased evidence about the effectiveness of ...
Yamada Takashi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Complete automation of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for determination of hemoglobin F (%Hb F) and hemoglobin A1c (%Hb A1c) levels has made this procedure available in many clinical laboratories. However, the physiological changes in %Hb F during pregnancy and the effects of physiological and supraphysiological levels of %Hb A1c ...
Yakasai I A - - 2012
Molar pregnancies in most instances develop within the uterine cavity, but may occur at any site. Ectopic molar pregnancy is a rare event. The objective of this study was to present a case of ruptured tubal molar gestation, discuss its clinical features and ways to improve diagnostic accuracy. A 35-year-old ...
Seeber Beata E - - 2012
The serial measurement of serum hCG concentrations is an important clinical tool used to differentiate normal from abnormal pregnancies. At hCG values below which ultrasonography can be diagnostic, the comparison of a patient's hCG dynamics to those of established expected curves of rise or fall can aid the clinician in ...
Ayala Diana E - - 2012
Gestational hypertension and preeclampsia are major contributors to perinatal morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of gestational hypertension still relies on conventional clinic blood pressure (BP) measurements and thresholds of ≥140/90 mm Hg for systolic (SBP)/diastolic (DBP) BP. However, the correlation between BP level and target organ damage, cardiovascular disease risk, and ...
Clua Elisabet - - 2012
The aim of this study is to compare the cumulative clinical pregnancy and live birth rates (fresh embryo transfers followed by frozen-thawed embryo transfers from the same stimulated cycle) between single-embryo transfer (SET) and double-embryo transfer (DET) in an oocyte donation programme. A retrospective analysis of the outcome in 1139 ...
Vanderzwalmen Pierre - - 2012
In some IVF cycles, no fresh embryo transfer in the stimulated cycle is advisable. The cryopreservation of zygotes and the transfer of blastocysts in a cryo-embryo transfer is an option to circumvent an inadequate uterine environment due to risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, inappropriate endometrium build up, endometrial polyps or ...
Ziyauddin Farah - - 2012
A primary ovarian pregnancy is one of the rarest varieties of ectopic pregnancies. The conditions which are most commonly confused with an ovarian pregnancy are, a ruptured corpus luteal cyst, a haemorrhagic corpus luteum and a ruptured endometriotic cyst. This case presents the clinical and the histological findings of a ...
van Mello N M - - 2012
BACKGROUNDThe term 'pregnancy of unknown location' (PUL) refers to cases where a pregnancy test is positive but the pregnancy cannot be visualized by transvaginal sonography (TVS). Various strategies integrating TVS and serum hCG measures are used to follow-up until the location and/or viability of the pregnancy becomes clear; however, the ...
Osterman Meredith - - 2012
During pregnancy, hormonal fluctuations, fluid shifts, and musculoskeletal changes predispose women to carpal tunnel syndrome. While the clinical presentation is similar to other patients, the history obtained must include information regarding the pregnancy itself. Currently, the indication for electrodiagnostic testing is not clearly defined. Given that symptoms often improve with ...
Murphy Mark - - 2012
Abstract Background: Termination of pregnancy (ToP) is currently illegal in Ireland. In 2010, more than 4000 women travelled from Ireland to the UK for a ToP. Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess the attitudes and clinical experiences of Irish General Practitioners (GPs) and GPs-in-training (GPRs) towards ToP. ...
Kariman N - - 2012
Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy that has a major impact on pregnancy outcomes. A diagnostic tool that is non-invasive, specific and quick is needed to predict PROM. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic power of the vaginal ...
Houtchens Maria K - - 2012
For women with multiple sclerosis (MS) who become pregnant, the risks and benefits of ongoing therapy for the health of both the mother and the fetus must be carefully considered. Based on a literature review and our MS center's standard practices, we provide guidance to aid clinical decision making in ...
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