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Results 201 - 250 of 1751
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Macdonald Leslie A - - 2013
Empirically-based lifting criteria established by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to reduce risk of overexertion injuries in the general U.S. working population were evaluated for application to pregnant workers. This report proposes criteria to guide decisions by medical providers about permissible weights for lifting tasks performed ...
Gupta Avantika - - 2013
Ascariasis can have various clinical presentations. We present three cases of ascariasis in pregnant or postpartum women, presenting with acute abdomen. The diagnosis of ascariasis was made clinically with the passage of ascaris worms in the vomitus or stool and was supported by ultrasonography. All three patients were treated successfully ...
Midgley John E M JE North Lakes Clinical, Ilkley, United Kingdom. - - 2013
In light of several recent recommendations to use total thyroxine (T4) measurements in the diagnosis of thyroid function in pregnancy (in particular, "Clinical Practice Guidelines for Hypothyroidism in Adults," cosponsored by the American Thyroid Association and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, which promote the use of T4 over free ...
Pepe Franco - - 2013
PURPOSE: Color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) accuracy of kidneys and bladder in the diagnosis and treatment of hydronephrosis and/or renal colic in pregnancies was evaluated. METHODS: Between January 2010 and September 2012, 234 pregnant women asymptomatic in 204 cases and with unilateral renal colic in 30 (median 26 years) were evaluated. A ...
Zou Shien - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Several peripheral proteins that might be useful for detecting the presence of ectopic pregnancy (EP) have been evaluated, but none have been proven entirely useful in the clinic. We investigated the presence and the possible changes in circulating molecules that distinguish between normal intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) and tubal ...
Guzikowski Wojciech W Gynecological-Obstetric Hospital with Neonatal Unit, Opole, Poland ; Public Medical School, Opole, - - 2014
Many abnormalities are observed in the morphology and pathology of the umbilical cord. The aim of the study was to assess the role of 3D sonography in pathology of true umbilical cord knots. In our materials we observed 10 cases of true umbilical cord knots in a population of 2,864 ...
Memtsa Maria - - 2013
Intramural pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy and little is known about its etiology, prevalence and natural history. There is no consensus regarding the ultrasound criteria to diagnose intramural pregnancy and the management strategies vary depending on the severity of clinical presentation, exact location of pregnancy, viability and ...
Polat Ahmet Veysel - - 2013
Round ligament varicosities (RLVs) are rare, and only occur in pregnancy. The swelling due to RLVs mimics an inguinal hernia and generally resolves spontaneously after delivery. Distinguishing between varicosities and hernias is critical to avoid unnecessary surgeries on pregnant women. We aimed to determine the significance of RLVs during pregnancy ...
Mersy E - - 2013
BACKGROUNDResearch on noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) of fetal trisomy 21 is developing fast. Commercial tests have become available. To provide an up-to-date overview of NIPT of trisomy 21, an evaluation of the methodological quality and outcomes of diagnostic accuracy studies was made.METHODSWe undertook a systematic review of the literature published ...
Yuen Kevin C J - - 2013
Adrenal insufficiency (AI) in pregnancy is relatively rare, but it is associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality if untreated during gestation or in the puerperium. Hence, timely diagnosis and decisive treatment by the clinician are critical. However, due to pregnancy-induced metabolic and endocrine changes and the resemblance ...
Pradhan M - - 2013
We report sudden unexpected death in a 35-year-old woman with pregnancy of seven months duration. There was an allegation by the parents of the woman that she was subjected to an assault prior to death. Autopsy examination showed an abdominal pregnancy with a dead fetus, ruptured gestational sac, massive haemorrhage ...
Diken Zaid - - 2013
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) has a varying prevalence worldwide. The etiology behind this disease remains not fully understood with multiple factors influencing its development including genetic variations, dietary factors, hormonal changes, and environmental influences. Presenting mainly during the third trimester with generalized itching and resolving spontaneously postpartum, this condition ...
Cyganek Katarzyna - - 2013
The prevalence of all types of diabetes mellitus is increasing worldwide. Diabetes is a common metabolic complication of pregnancy. For many years, pregnancy complicated by type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) was associated with particularly poor prognosis and while this has changed dramatically over last two decades, a lot has yet ...
Mavrelos Dimitrios - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To validate the efficacy and safety of our clinical protocol for expectant management of selected women diagnosed with tubal ectopic pregnancy. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study carried out in the Early Pregnancy Unit (EPU) of a London inner city university teaching hospital from the 1(st) of January ...
Friedman Alexander M - - 2013
Ectopic pregnancy after hysterectomy is an unusual diagnosis that may lead to significant morbidity, especially when diagnosis is not timely. A 41-year-old woman presenting with abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding 5 years after a vaginal hysterectomy was found to have a tubal ectopic pregnancy, which required emergent surgical intervention. Ectopic ...
Filges Isabel - - 2013
The aim of this study is to assess the rate of prenatal detection of multiple congenital contractures, to identify reasons for the failure of prenatal diagnosis and to propose the first guidelines to improve prenatal diagnosis. We evaluated records on 107 individuals recognized at birth to have Amyoplasia. We reviewed ...
Hamilton Emily F - - 2013
Despite its recognized limitations, fetal heart rate monitoring is a mainstay of intrapartum care. Although the basic technology in standard electronic fetal monitors has changed little in recent decades, clinical behavior in response to heart rate monitoring has changed considerably. In addition to clearly defined nomenclature and clinical guidelines, there ...
Sharma Nidhi - - 2013
An interstitial ectopic pregnancy is a rare and a dangerous form of an ectopic pregnancy. It presents late clinically and it is difficult to be imaged radiographically. We are presenting a case of an interstitial pregnancy which was a surprise intra operative finding.As Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) procedures are becoming ...
Daponte Alexandros - - 2013
Given the present lack of clinically useful tests for the accurate diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy (EP), there is a need to select out those immunological factors measured in the maternal serum, as potential biomarkers. Our assumption was that C1q/anti-C1q antibody complexes and serum levels of interleukin-15 (IL-15) may play a ...
Sachs Ulrich J - - 2013
In fetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT), antibodies against paternal antigens present on fetal platelets are produced by the mother. These antibodies will cross the placenta and can cause thrombocytopenia of the unborn. One severe consequence of thrombocytopenia is intracranial bleeding which may lead to death or severe sequelae. FNAIT index cases ...
Nicoli Alessia - - 2013
The assessment of the embryo quality is crucial to maintain an high pregnancy rate and to reduce the risk of multiple pregnancy. The evaluation of the pronuclear and nucleolar characteristics of human zygote have been proposed as an indicator of embryo development and chromosomal complement. The aim of the ...
Balucan Francis S - - 2013
Autoantibodies to thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase are common in the euthyroid population and are considered secondary responses and indicative of thyroid inflammation. By contrast, autoantibodies to the TSH receptor are unique to patients with Graves' disease and to some patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Both types of thyroid antibodies are useful ...
Nash Zachary - - 2013
Presented is a case of an acute, right flank, loin to groin pain in the third trimester of an otherwise uncomplicated pregnancy. Renal calculi was suspected clinically and supported by radiological evidence. Temporising treatment was undertaken successfully by retrograde ureteric stenting, which became blocked, secondarily resulting in a percutaneous nephrostomy. ...
Rodríguez-Ayala Gianni - - 2013
Placental chorioangiomas are relatively common benign placental tumors occurring with an incidence of approximately 1% of histologically studied placentas. However, they show clinical manifestations in very rare pregnancies usually at a median gestational age of 28 weeks. Our report presents an interesting and rare case of severe hydramnios with consequent ...
Pătraşcu Anca - - 2013
In this paper, we present the very rare case of a 21 weeks pregnant woman, examined clinically and by ultrasound. We could observe the present of two heads and a common trunk and therefore we proceeded to the small caesarian of necessity. We examined the fetus from the clinical and ...
Bosteels Jan - - 2013
Observational studies suggest higher pregnancy rates after the hysteroscopic removal of endometrial polyps, submucous fibroids, uterine septum or intrauterine adhesions, which are detectable in 10% to 15% of women seeking treatment for subfertility. To assess the effects of the hysteroscopic removal of endometrial polyps, submucous fibroids, uterine septum or intrauterine ...
Rihani Farouk Bassam - - 2013
Oral granuloma gravidarum (OGG) is a distinct clinical entity used to describe pyogenic granuloma developing mainly on the gingiva of pregnant women, possibly propagated by gingival high levels of active progesterone and poor oral hygiene. We report herein a 41-year-old woman presented 7 months after childbirth with two painless masses ...
Ma Qiaoqin - - 2013
This study is to determine the prevalence of unintended pregnancy and its risk factors among the female attendees of sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in Zhejiang Province, China. A self-administered questionnaire survey of a cross-sectional design was administered to attendees at four STD clinics in 2007. Of the 313 female ...
Rudra Samar - - 2013
A broad ligament pregnancy is an extremely rare condition. The eventuality of such pregnancies reaching full term is even rarer. A full-term broad ligament pregnancy occurring through a rent in a previous lower segment caesarean scar has only been mentioned in literature but not reported. Our patient is an unbooked ...
Kurihara Yasushi - - 2013
We present a case of cervical varix and low-lying placenta. A cesarean section was performed because of the risk of bleeding with vaginal delivery; hemostasis was achieved using z sutures at the bleeding points. After delivery, the cervical varix decreased dramatically in size. It is important to recognize the clinical ...
Marchetti T - - 2013
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired thrombophilia with clinical manifestations associated with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in patient plasma. Obstetrical APS is a complex entity that may affect both mother and fetus throughout the entire pregnancy with high morbidity. Clinical complications are as various as recurrent fetal losses, ...
Manca Donna P DP University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. - - 2013
Pregnant women were recruited into the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study in two cities in Alberta, Calgary and Edmonton. In Calgary, a larger proportion of women obtain obstetrical care from family physicians than from obstetricians; otherwise the cities have similar characteristics. Despite similarities of the cities, the recruitment ...
Grigoriadis Charalampos C 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School of Athens, Aretaieion University Hospital, Vas. Sofias Avenue, 11528 Athens, - - 2013
Alpha-methyldopa has been demonstrated to be safe for use during pregnancy and is now used to treat gestational hypertension. In pregnancy, alpha-methyldopa-induced autoimmune hemolytic anemia does not have typical features and the severity of symptoms ranges from mild fatigue to dyspnea, respiratory failure, and death if left untreated. A case ...
Gonçalves Elisabete E Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Unidade Local de Saúde do Alto Minho, Estrada de Santa Lúzia, No. 13, 4901-858 Viana do Castelo, - - 2013
Unicornuate uterus occurs due to a complete or partial nondevelopment of one Mullerian duct; sometimes it is associated with a rudimentary horn, which can communicate or not with uterine cavity or contain functional endometrium. Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn is rare and the outcome almost always unfavorable, usually ending in ...
Ustüner Işık I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Merkez, 53100 Rize, - - 2013
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) can be chronic or acute in nature; it is characterized by a thrombus formation in the main portal vein and/or its right or left branches. Herein, we present a 36-year-old woman with asymptomatic noncirrhotic chronic PVT who developed preeclampsia in the later stage of pregnancy. This ...
Martelli Federica F Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, - - 2013
The following case report describes a rare case of omental pregnancy in a fertile 34-year-old woman at 5 + 3 weeks of gestation who presented with abdominal pain. Clinical examination, vital signs, and laboratory values were within normal limits, so the woman was hospitalized and monitored. Laparoscopic exploration was performed ...
Roy Jayeeta J Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, WBUHS, Kalyani, - - 2013
Ovarian pregnancy is a rare event occurring in 1-3% of all ectopic pregnancies. Increased reporting might be due to the wider use of intra-uterine devices, ovulatory drugs and assisted reproductive techniques. Though ovarian pregnancy has a distinct pathology, it can be a source of clinical and intraoperative diagnostic difficulty. We ...
Triunfo Stefania S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, - - 2013
Fetal gallstones and cholelithiasis, detected by routine third trimester ultrasound, have been described in the literature with controversial clinical significance. We report a case of fetal cholelithiasis detected at 35 weeks gestation during a routine scan. The diagnosis was performed using an integrated 2-dimensional (2-D) and 3-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound approach ...
Alessandrino F F Foundation IRCCS, Policlinico San Matteo, Institute of Radiology, University of Pavia, Pavia, - - 2013
Uterine arteriovenous vascular malformations (UAVM) are uncommon vascular diseases, occurring during reproductive age. Patients affected by UAMVs usually present with recurrent pregnancy loss or menorrhagia. Initial evaluation of UAVMs is made with ultrasonography (US) and US-Doppler. Magnetic resonance is used when a UAMV is suspected at US. Treatment can be ...
Onofriescu Alina A Department of Diabetology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to compare the GnRH agonist long protocol with the flexible GnRH antagonist protocol in infertile PCOS women undergoing COS in terms of clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), with special reference to the incidence of OHSS. Materials and Methods. The study was conducted at the ...
Semins Michelle Jo MJ University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2013
Kidney stones are very common and unfortunately do not spare the pregnant population. Anatomical and pathophysiological changes occur in the pregnant female that alter the risk for development of nephrolithiasis. Acute renal colic during pregnancy is associated with significant potential risks to both mother and fetus. Diagnosis is often challenging ...
Kasamatsu Yu Y Department of Internal Medicine, Matsushita Memorial Hospital, 5-55, Sotojimacho, Moriguchi-shi, Osaka 570-8540, Japan. - - 2013
The clinical presentation of eosinophilic myocarditis may vary from asymptomatic to the manifestation of severe symptoms, including cardiac tamponade and arrhythmias. In pregnant patients with this condition, drugs must be used cautiously up to approximately the 4th month of pregnancy because drug use should be limited during the period of ...
Moscrop Andrew A Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, Oxford University, Oxford, - - 2013
To examine the extent of primary care follow-up and mental health outcomes among women referred for ultrasound assessment of pain and/or bleeding in early pregnancy, including those whose pregnancy is found to be viable on ultrasound assessment. Questionnaire study with prospective follow-up. Urgent gynaecology clinic in secondary care, England. 57 ...
Orvieto Raoul R Infertility and IVF Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel. - - 2013
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a serious complication of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). The syndrome almost always presents either after hCG administration in susceptible patients or during early pregnancy. Despite many years of clinical experience, there are no precise methods to completely prevent severe OHSS, except by withholding the ovulation-inducing ...
Sharma Vipra - - 2013
Hemophilia type A is a rare inherited bleeding disorder with a diversity of clinical manifestations ranging from persistent bleeding after minor trauma, spontaneous deep muscle or joint hemorrhage, to intracranial hemorrhage. As an X-linked disorder, hemophilia is rare in females and therefore there is little experience with pregnancy and no ...
Jin Rentao - - 2012
Synchronization between embryonic stage and endometrium is vital to achieve a successful pregnancy. The objective of this study was to assess the implantation, clinical pregnancy and live birth rates of cryopreserved embryo transfer cycles using embryos after extended culture for 16h. A prospective randomized controlled pilot study was performed on ...
Rheinboldt Matthew - - 2012
We report the case of a 20-year-old female who presented to the ER with a 1-week history of worsening abdominal pain and intermittent vaginal bleeding for the previous 5 days. Physical exam was notable for bilateral adnexal tenderness and a closed cervix without motion tenderness or discharge. Laboratory data demonstrated a ...
Dobson Lori J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There are over 30 cases of prenatally diagnosed sacral extensions or human 'tails' in the literature, including isolated and syndromic etiologies. Most cases were reported to resolve by the second trimester and postnatal course was benign. Our objective was to describe the prenatal findings, associated anomalies, and clinical outcome ...
Oleszczuk K - - 2013
The sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) parameter DNA fragmentation Index (DFI) is a valuable tool for prediction of fertility in vivo. Clinical data show that a DFI above 30% is associated with very low chance for achieving pregnancy by natural conception or by insemination. Already when DFI is above 20% ...
Bhide Priya - - 2012
This single-centre retrospective observational study was performed at a university IVF centre. The aim was to examine the predictive power of AMH concentrations for clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and establish a cut-off concentration of AMH below which no pregnancies were achieved. Data from 820 women with one treatment cycle each ...
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