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Knez Jure J Gynaecology Diagnostic and Outpatient Treatment Unit, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Wing, University College Hospital, 235 Euston Road, London NW1 2BU, - - 2014
Bleeding and pain are experienced by 20% of women during the first trimester of pregnancy. Although most pregnancies complicated by pain and bleeding tend to progress normally, these symptoms are distressing for woman, and they are also associated with an increased risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. Ultrasound is the ...
Findikli Necati N aBahceci Fulya IVF Centre bDivision of Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics and Gyneocology, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
The purpose of the review is to summarize recent developments in time-lapse technologies and early embryo morphokinetics and to discuss their impact on current clinical outcomes. Contemporary embryo culture and selection methodologies that are based on classical morphology are clearly limited in providing the most suitable embryo for a successful ...
T Ghi G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
We herein sonographically document a new type of fetal head malposition in labor which has never been clinically described. In some circumstances, the fetal lie is characterised by a lateral twisting of the head on either side of the trunk and at suprapubic ultrasound, a transverse section of the fetal chest ...
Umul M M Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, - - 2014
In this study, our purpose was to investigate the possible effect of paternal obesity on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes on the basis of clinical pregnancy outcome. Antropometric measurements of 155 couples, referred to our infertility clinic and who underwent an ICSI cycle, have been evaluated. The study sample were ...
Swanson J O JO University of Washington, Department of Radiology, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic impact of limited obstetric ultrasound (US) in identifying high-risk pregnancies when used as a screening tool by midwives in rural Uganda.Study Design:This was an institutional review board-approved prospective study of expecting mothers in rural Uganda who underwent clinical and US exams as part of their standard ...
Bendix Jane - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To describe specific recommendations of activity restriction, place of care, expected beneficial and adverse effects, and recommended antithrombotic prophylaxis in nine clinical scenarios. Methods: A national survey. All members of the Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and the Danish Association of Midwives were asked to complete a ...
Friedman Alexander M AM Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and placental abruption are obstetrical conditions that constitute the syndrome of ischemic placental disease or IPD, the leading cause of indicated preterm birth and an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. While the phenotypic manifestations vary significantly for preeclampsia, IUGR, and abruption, these conditions ...
Rahman R R Dr Reefaat Rahman, Medical Officer, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Shahbagh, Dhaka, - - 2014
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder of the neuromuscular transmission, caused by auto antibodies against the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. These antibodies of the IgG isotype are detected in 80-90% of generalized MG and in 50-70% of ocular MG. Seronegative MG is caused by humoral factors. Prevalence of MG lies ...
Freitas Cláudia C Endocrinology Unit, of Hospital São Sebastião, Centro Hospitalar de Entre o Douro e Vouga, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery has been shown to improve many obesity related co-morbidities, including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Recently, new diagnostic criteria for GDM following the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group recommendations were implemented. The objective of this study was to compare the use of 2 different GDM criteria ...
Kinoshita Toshihiko T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Toho University Medical Center, Sakura Hospital , Chiba, - - 2014
A 40-year old woman, gravida 4, para 4, presented with sudden lower abdominal pain and severe vaginal bleeding at 17 weeks of gestation. Clinical symptoms and ultrasonographic finding revealed placental abruption. The volume of bleeding was heavy and led to disseminated intravascular coagulation and hypovolemic shock. We performed blood transfusion ...
Santoro Giuseppe G Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morpho-Functional Images, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2014
Lithopaidion, or stone child, is generally a single rare asymptomatic formation that evolves from an undiagnosed and untreated advanced abdominal pregnancy. The dead fetus is retained in the maternal abdominal cavity, which causes calcification. In this paper, we review the literature on the epidemiology, etiopathogenesis and clinical features of lithopaidion ...
Zhu L L Department of Reproductive Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central-south University, Changsha City, Hunan Province, P.R. - - 2014
Does uterine peristalsis influence the chance of clinical pregnancy in an embryo transfer cycle? The uterine peristaltic wave frequency before embryo transfer is inversely related to the clinical pregnancy rates in fresh and frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles. Uterine peristalsis participates in regulating fluid migration after mock embryo transfer, but whether ...
Abdelkader Mohamed Ali MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cairo University, 28 al arkam ibn abi al arkam street, Al meraj, al maadi, Cairo, - - 2014
Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is implantation of the gestational sac within the hysterotomy scar. Ultrasound is the main diagnostic tool. Early diagnosis and termination of pregnancy is crucial to avoid the risk of uterine rupture. The termination modalities available are dilatation and curettage, methotrexate therapy, hysteroscopy, uterine artery embolization and ...
Cohen Yoni Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 6 Weizmann Street, Tel Aviv 64239, - - 2014
To investigate the values of C-reactive protein (CRP) in early pregnancy for detection of any abnormality of the conceptus and especially the condition of extra-uterine pregnancy (EUP). In this prospective observational study, we established reference values for CRP in early pregnancy. Next, we tested whether a single, wide-range CRP measurement ...
Yan Lee Vivian Chi VC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the incidence of P elevation (PE) in natural cycles and evaluate its effect on frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles performed in natural cycles (FET-NC). Retrospective analysis. A tertiary assisted reproductive unit. Subfertile woman who did not conceive in their stimulated IVF cycle and underwent the first FET-NC cycle. Achieved ...
Vest Amanda R AR Heart Failure Fellow, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Ohio, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA, - - 2014
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy represent the second commonest cause of direct maternal death and complicate an estimated 5-10 % of pregnancies. Classification systems aim to separate hypertension similar to that seen outside pregnancy (chronic and gestational hypertension) from the potentially fatal pregnancy-specific conditions. Preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome, and eclampsia represent increasing severities ...
Kutteh William H WH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA; Fertility Associates of Memphis, PLLC, 80 Humphreys Center, Suite 307, Memphis, TN 38120, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) are acquired antibodies directed against negatively charged phospholipids. Obstetric antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is diagnosed in the presence of certain clinical features in conjunction with positive laboratory findings. Obstetric APS is one of the most commonly identified causes of recurrent pregnancy loss. Thus, obstetric APS is distinguished ...
Liu Liu L Center of Reproductive Medicine, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310006, China; Department of Reproductive Medicine, Jessop Wing, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, University of Sheffield, - - 2014
Reduced endometrial receptivity in hyperstimulated cycles may lead to a lower implantation rate and a lower clinical pregnancy rate, but it is unclear if it is also associated with an increase in pregnancy loss rate. The aim of this study was to compare the implantation, miscarriage, and pregnancy rates between ...
Origoni M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vita Salute San Raffaele University, School of Medicine, Milan, Italy. - - 2014
Cervical cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in pregnancy and cervical screening should be accordingly performed in this particular situation. Occurrence of a preneoplastic cervical disease in pregnancy has for a long time represented a challenge for the clinician, both in terms of diagnostic accuracy, treatment options and risk ...
Nascimento Maria Isabel do MI Departamento de Epidemiologia e Bioestatística, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, - - 2014
To assess the incidence and conditions associated with cesarean section in a cohort of pregnant women with intrauterine fetal death (IUFD), and clinical management to anticipate the childbirth. It was a retrospective cohort study with 163 mothers with IUFD, at the second half of pregnancy, who were managed to anticipate ...
Fuchs Tomasz T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, - - 2014
With a great interest I have read Quantitive sonoelastography of the uterine cervix by interposition of a synthetic reference material written by Hee et al. (1). Quantitive elastography is a new technique which is a promising new diagnosic tool of uterine cervix especially in diagnosing cervical insufficiency, premature deliveries and postterm ...
Semins Michelle J MJ University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Mercy Hospital, 1350 Locust Street, Suite G100A, Building C, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, - - 2014
Kidney stones affect 10% of people at some point in their lives and, for some unfortunate women, this happens during pregnancy. Pregnancy is a complex state and both physiological and mechanical changes alter risk factors for kidney stone formation. When a pregnant woman develops acute nephrolithiasis, the situation is more ...
Giuliani Rosella R Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", Trieste, - - 2014
The study's aim was to evaluate how information related to a prenatal diagnosis of fetal malformation could modify parenthood experience descriptions during pregnancy and after the child's birth. A longitudinal case-control clinical study was conducted. Data on parenthood experience descriptions collected using a validated semantic differential technique during pregnancy and ...
Koutroutsos Konstantinos K St George's University of London, London, - - 2014
Differential diagnosis between thrombotic microangiopathies in pregnancy is challenging due to overlapping clinical and pathological findings and the rapid progression of disease. We present here an unusual case of Haemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes and Low Platelets (HELLP) syndrome, which represents this diagnostic dilemma. The patient was treated with steroids and ...
Gupte Sanjay S Gupte Hospital, Postgraduate Institution and Centre of Research in Reproduction, 904 Bhandarkar Road, Pune, 411 004 - - 2014
Preeclampsia and eclampsia are grave complications of pregnancy responsible for morbidity and mortality. National Eclampsia Registry of the FOGSI has helped in quantifying the magnanimity and also the clinical relevant pointers which can help in improving the health care delivery. Many complex pathogenic mechanisms are now implicated to be responsible ...
Morales Alvaro S - - 2014
The implantation process after embryo transfer depends on the embryo quality and endometrial receptivity. It is estimated that fifty to seventy-five per cent of pregnancies are lost due to a failure of implantation. There is evidence that there is an early secretion of human chorionic gonadotrophin before embryo implantation, and ...
Ambusaidi Qamariya Q Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Royal Hospital, Muscat, - - 2014
A unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is a uterine anomaly resulting from the incomplete development of one of the Müllerian ducts and an incomplete fusion with the contralateral side. Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn of the uterus is a rare clinical condition with a reported incidence of 1 in ...
Wan Cai-Yun CY Fertility Center, Shenzhen Zhongshan Urology Hospital, Shenzhen 518045, PR China; Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Reproductive Immunology for Peri-implantation, Shenzhen Zhongshan Urological Hospital, Shenzhen 518045, PR China; Shenzhen Zhongshan Institute for Reproduction and Genetics, Shenzhen 518045, PR - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of quarter zona-pellucida (ZP) opening by laser-assisted hatching (QLAH) on the clinical outcomes following transfer of vitrified-warmed blastocysts developed from low-grade cleavage-stage embryos in patients with all high-grade and fair-grade cleavage-stage embryos transferred without achieving pregnancy. Patients were randomized into ...
Banch Clausen Frederik F Laboratory of Blood Genetics, Department of Clinical Immunology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Incompatibility of red blood cell blood group antigens between a pregnant woman and her fetus can cause maternal immunization and, consequently, hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). Noninvasive prenatal testing of cell-free fetal DNA can be used to assess the risk of HDFN to fetuses of immunized women. ...
Cutts Briony A BA aThrombosis & Haemophilia Centre, Guy's & St Thomas' Trust, London, UK bDepartment of Haematology cDepartment of Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, Monash Medical Centre, Claydon, Victoria, Australia dDepartment of Nuclear Medicine, Guy's & St Thomas' Trust, London, - - 2014
Pulmonary embolism is one of the leading causes of mortality in pregnancy in the Western world. No clinical prediction models have been validated in pregnancy. As a result, any pregnant woman presenting with signs possibly consistent with pulmonary embolism is investigated radiologically. This study investigates whether using clinical prediction models ...
Barad David H DH The Center for Human Reproduction (CHR), New York, New York; Foundation for Reproductive Medicine, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate whether granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSG) affects endometrial thickness, implantation rates, and clinical pregnancy rates in routine, unselected IVF cycles. Registered, individually randomized, two-group, parallel double-blinded placebo-controlled clinical trial. Academically affiliated private clinical and research center. 141 consecutive, unselected, consenting women with no history of renal disease, sickle cell ...
Jido Tukur Ado TA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bayero University, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano State, - - 2014
This study was performed with the objective to examine the diagnostic framework for urinary tract infection (UTI) in pregnancy and physician response to the clinical diagnosis and to correlate responses to the results of urine culture and sensitivity. Over a 6-month period, 81 consecutive patients attending the labor ward admission ...
Ngoc Nguyen Thi Nhu NT Center for Research and Consultancy in Reproductive Health, the HungVuong Hospital, and the HocMon General District Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, and the National OBGYN Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam; Gynuity Health Projects, New York, New York; and Stanford University, Palo Alto, - - 2014
To investigate phone follow-up with a semiquantitative urine pregnancy test and symptom checklist as a replacement for universal clinic follow-up after medical abortion. One thousand four hundred thirty-three women seeking early medical abortion at four hospitals in Vietnam were randomized to clinic or phone follow-up. Women allocated to clinic follow-up ...
Filkaszova A - - 2014
Over the last two to three decades, there has been a 15-25 % increase in many countries in the number of women giving birth to large infant. Fetal macrosomia is associated with an increased risk of complications both for the mother and the newborn. In current obstetrics, the macrosomic fetus ...
Yazici Gurkan G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey. - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of luteal phase progesterone support on pregnancy rates in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who were treated for clomiphene citrate-resistant anovulatory infertility with ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (OI/ IUI). This randomized study included 110 clomiphene citrate-resistant PCOS patients. All patients underwent ovulation induction with ...
Astley Susan J - - 2014
2013 marks the 40th year since the term fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) was coined at the University of Washington. In 1993, the University of Washington opened the first interdisciplinary FASD diagnostic clinic; expanded to a statewide network of clinics in 1995 (Washington State FAS Diagnostic & Prevention Network (WA FASDPN)), ...
Fottrell Edward E UCL Institute for Global Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom. - - 2014
Maternal morbidity is more common than maternal death, and population-based estimates of the burden of maternal morbidity could provide important indicators for monitoring trends, priority setting and evaluating the health impact of interventions. Methods based on lay reporting of obstetric events have been shown to lack specificity and there is ...
Tupikowski Krzysztof K Department of Urology and Oncological Urology, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, - - 2014
Neoplasms are rare in pregnant women, however they are always a challenging diagnostic and curative problem. We present a case of a benign kidney tumor (angiomyolipoma) imitating nephroblastoma on magnetic resonance diagnosed in pregnancy. Cesarean section was performed in 29. gestotic week followed immediately by right radical nephrectomy.
Matusiak Kristine K 0000-0003-0357-1661 School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, 288 Herston Road, Herston, QLD 4006, - - 2014
Obesity in the childbearing population is increasingly common. Obesity is associated with increased risk for a number of maternal and neonatal pregnancy complications. Some of these complications, such as gestational diabetes, are risk factors for long-term disease in both mother and baby. While clinical practice guidelines advocate for healthy weight ...
Cengiz Hüseyin H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bakırköy Dr. Sadi Konuk Teaching and Research Hospital, İstanbul, - - 2014
Small intestinal tumours are rare and difficult to diagnose. This neoplasms may be responsible for haemorrhage, occlusion, perforation and subsequent emergent surgeries. A 28 year old G2P1 woman in her 22nd week of pregnancy was referred to our emergency department with a complaint of left lower abdominal pain that had ...
Nacharaju Madhavi M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences, Narketpally, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Ectopic pregnancy is defined as implantation and subsequent development of an embryo outside the uterine lining. It has wide range of presentation from acute hemoperitoneum to chronic ectopic pregnancy. This is an unusual case of chronic ectopic pregnancy with large hematosalpinx without classical symptoms. A 22-year-old South Indian woman reported ...
Grandone Elvira E Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis Unit, I.R.C.C.S. "Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza", S. Giovanni Rotondo, Foggia, - - 2014
The usefulness of antithrombotic prophylaxis in management of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) is questionable. We prospectively examined the contribution of an antithrombotic prophylaxis in influencing clinical pregnancy and live-birth in an unselected cohort of women approaching ART. 1107 women with fertility problems and a valid indication for ART were recruited. ...
Grigore M - - 2014
Limb body wall complex (LBWC) is a rare polymalformative syndrome. The majority of cases presented in the literature have been diagnosed in the second or third trimester of pregnancy. The authors present a case of LBWC diagnosed in the first trimester of pregnancy. The combination of two- and three-dimensional ultrasounds ...
Hanseree Preaw P 0000-0001-7628-8950 Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Queens Hospital Center, Jamaica, NY 11432, - - 2014
Thyroiditis encompasses a group of disorders characterized by thyroid inflammation. Though clinically indistinguishable from silent thyroiditis, postpartum thyroiditis occurs in women within 12 months after delivery. Recurrent postpartum thyroiditis in subsequent pregnancies is common, but recurrent silent thyroiditis is rare. We reported a case of patient with recurrent episodes of ...
Lahbabi Mounia M Department of Hepato-gastroenterology, Guelmim, Morocco. - - 2014
Tuberculous peritonitis is one of the least common forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. In the literature, few cases in pregnancy have been previously published. Tuberculous peritonitis in pregnancy is a diagnostic challenge, especially in the absence of lung involvement. It mimics other diseases and clinical presentation is usually non-specific, which may ...
Wu Q Y - - 2014
To explore effective methods in diagnosing and treating cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) after cesarean section. The clinical data of 13 cases with CSP who were admitted to the present hospital from October 2009 to February 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The agreement diagnostic rate was 92.3% (12/13). On the basis of ...
Hayes Aimee R AR Departments of Endocrinology and Neurosurgery St George Hospital and University of New South Wales, Kogarah Sydney, New South Wales, 2217 - - 2014
Pituitary apoplexy is a rare event in pregnancy. A 41-year-old woman with a known pituitary microadenoma presented with visual disturbance and headache during the second trimester of pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated pituitary apoplexy with chiasmal compression. After treatment with corticosteroid therapy, she underwent transsphenoidal excision of the pituitary ...
Marchetti Tess - - 2013
Obstetrical antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is defined by obstetrical complications and the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Although the incidence of APS is still poorly known, this thrombophilia is now recognized as one of the most common acquired causes of recurrent fetal loss. The diagnosis of APS during pregnancy can be ...
Burandt Eike E *James Homer Wright Pathology Laboratories, Massachusetts General Hospital †Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2013
Twenty cases of the distinctive tumor-like lesion of the ovary, pregnancy luteoma, are described, with emphasis on pathologic features. The masses occurred in patients from 15 to 44 years of age and were typically incidental findings at or near term. Four patients experienced androgenic manifestations. The luteoma was documented to ...
Brezina Paul R PR Fertility Associates of Memphis, 80 Humphreys Center, Suite 307, Memphis, TN 38120, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are few conditions in medicine associated with more heartache to patients than recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). The management of early RPL is a formidable clinical challenge for physicians. Great strides have been made in characterizing the incidence and diversity of this heterogeneous disorder, and a definite cause of pregnancy ...
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