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Pashley Sarah - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND METHODOLOGY: It is our experience that women who are already pregnant are commonly referred to our service for advice about the safety of anti-epileptic drug regimens. We know of no study that explores why epilepsy-specific preconception advice may be suboptimal. Women who had been referred to the epilepsy ...
Holst Lone - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The physiologic changes that occur during pregnancy can lead to a variety of conditions that can usually be self-treated. There are no licensed medicines for conditions such as morning sickness or insomnia in pregnancy, and evidence from Western countries suggests that patients often resort to using herbal medicines. Research ...
Vohra Sabina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Currently no topical anti-hemorrhoidal agents have been studied for effectiveness in pregnancy. This study evaluated the effectiveness of Proctofoam-HC used during the last trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: In this prospective, open-label, observational study, pregnant women prescribed Proctofoam-HC were asked to complete two telephone interview questionnaires. RESULTS: A total of ...
Bijlenga Denise - - 2009
Preference-based health-state valuation methods such as discrete choice experiment (DCE) are claimed to be superior than attitude-based valuation methods like visual analogue scale (VAS) and time trade-off (TTO). We compared VAS, TTO, and DCE in terms of feasibility, reliability, and validity using vignettes depicting moderate-risk pregnancy at term. People from ...
Della Grotta Sheri S Pediatrics Division, Brown Center for the Study of Children at Risk, Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University and Women and Infant's Hospital, 101 Dudley Street, Providence, RI 02905, USA. - - 2010
The objectives of this study are to characterize methamphetamine (MA) usage patterns during pregnancy, examine whether patterns of MA use are associated with sociodemographic characteristics and prenatal care, and test the hypothesis that persistent or increasing MA use during pregnancy is associated with greater use of other illicit drugs. The ...
Arps Shahna - - 2009
Despite global initiatives to lower rates of maternal death, barriers to safe motherhood persist, particularly in socially and economically marginalized communities. This article describes the risks that women in Honduran Miskito villages encounter during pregnancy and childbirth. Ethnographic data are used to examine emic understandings of the underlying causes of ...
Holst Lone - - 2009
This review evaluates the safety and efficacy of raspberry leaf (Rubus idaeus) in pregnancy. The electronic databases PubMed, ISI Web of Science, AMED, EMBASE, Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database and Cochrane Library were searched. Altogether 12 original publications with focus on safety or efficacy during pregnancy, pharmacology and in vitro tests ...
van Rossem Lenie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a woman's educational level on starting and continuing breastfeeding and to assess the role of sociodemographic, lifestyle-related, psychosocial, and birth characteristics in this association. METHODS: We used the data of 2914 participants in a population-based prospective cohort study. Information on educational level, breastfeeding, sociodemographic ...
Moussally Krystel - - 2009
PURPOSES: (1) Measure the prevalence of herbal product (HP) use, alone, and concomitantly with prescribed medications during pregnancy, (2) identify the most frequently consumed HP during gestation and (3) determine predictors of HP use at the beginning of pregnancy, and during the third trimester. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to ...
Ameh N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence and its relationship to adverse obstetric outcomes amongst pregnant women who deliver at a tertiary level hospital in Zaria, Nigeria. METHOD: A cross-sectional study involving 310 women who delivered at the labour ward. Questionnaires were administered to parturient women. Details of their ...
Souza Joao P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An improvement in maternal health conditions can only be achieved when a reduction in the number of deaths is accompanied by a reduction in the frequency of severe complications of pregnancy. The objective of this study was to investigate women's experiences related to the burden of severe maternal morbidity. ...
da Silva João Bosco Guerreiro - - 2009
This study was undertaken to describe under real-life conditions the effects of acupuncture on symptomatic dyspepsia during pregnancy and to compare this with a group of patients undergoing conventional treatment alone. A total of 42 conventionally treated pregnant women were allocated by chance into two groups to be treated, or ...
O'Donnell Lydia - - 2009
CONTEXT: Intimate partner violence negatively impacts the health of substantial proportions of young women in economically disadvantaged communities, where sexual initiation, aggressive behaviors, unintended pregnancies and childbearing are common among adolescents. It is therefore important to assess how adolescent risk behaviors and pregnancy experiences are linked to such violence during ...
Madsen Ida Ringsborg - - 2009
Eating disorder during pregnancy is associated with a diversity of adverse outcomes and is of potential danger to both mother and child. There is, however, a tendency for remission of the eating disorder during pregnancy with improvement of symptoms such as restrictive dieting, binging and purging, and some women actually ...
Chi Claudia - - 2009
A retrospective review was carried out on the methods of obstetric analgesia/anesthesia used in 80 pregnancies amongst 63 women with inherited bleeding disorders (19 factor XI deficiency, 16 carriers of haemophilia, 15 von Willebrand disease, seven platelet function disorders, four factor VII deficiency, one factor VII and XI deficiency and ...
Santelli John S - - 2009
Widely used dichotomous categorical measures of pregnancy intentions do not represent well the complexity of factors involved in women's intentions. We used a variety of exploratory statistical methods to examine measures of pregnancy intention in the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth (N = 3,032 pregnancies). Factor analyses identified two ...
Uayan Maria Luisa Tumandao - - 2009
This study aims to describe the lived experiences of Filipina mothers married to Japanese during pregnancy and childrearing. Eight focus group interviews (FGI) were conducted among 39 Filipino mothers who are currently residing in Japan to obtain significant information with regard to their pregnancy and childrearing experiences. Content analysis was ...
Mitchell David A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pelvic instability is a term describing a group of conditions causing pelvic girdle pain in pregnancy. Although a common problem in pregnancy, it is easily overlooked and sometimes dismissed as 'normal' by primary care professionals. OBJECTIVE: This article outlines the clinical features, diagnosis and management of pelvic instability in ...
Khorsan Raheleh - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to evaluate the evidence on the effects of Spinal Manipulative Therapy (SMT) on back pain and other related symptoms during pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted using Pubmed, Manual, Alternative and Natural Therapy Index System, Cumulated Index to Nursing and Allied ...
Alati Rosa R University of Queensland, School of Population Health, Herston, Australia. - - 2009
This study explores associations of IQ at age 14 with adult symptoms of suicidal thoughts and attempts at age 21. Analysis was based on the Mater University Study of Pregnancy and its outcomes, an Australian prospective birth cohort study started in Brisbane Australia in 1981. We assessed associations with suicide ...
Brincat Cynthia C Pelvic Floor Research Group, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. - - 2009
To assess the prevalence of fecal incontinence (FI) during pregnancy and post partum, and to determine any associations with demographic and birth variables. Secondary analysis of 240 primiparous women conducted during pregnancy and post partum. Women were asked at various time points if they had lost control over their stool ...
Holst Lone - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The extent of herbal medicine use in pregnancy has been widely researched throughout the world but little research has been published about the motivations for this use. METHODS: Focus group discussion. Women who participated in a survey at an antenatal clinic were asked to participate in a focus group ...
Ortonne J P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been generally believed that the four main causes of melasma are pregnancy, hormonal contraception, family history and sun exposure; however, there are few published comprehensive studies that confirm these assertions. The Pigmentary Disorders Academy - an international group of experts in pigmentary disorders - designed and conducted ...
Arnold Joanna L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the current planned transfer of pregnant women from Cape York communities to Cairns at 36 weeks' gestation for birthing is medically appropriate. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective audit of travel details and demographic and obstetric outcome data on all women from Cape York communities who travelled to ...
Palacios Eda - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) disproportionately affects young adults, including women of childbearing age; however, treatment of MDR-TB during pregnancy is still controversial. This study looks at the treatment and pregnancy outcomes in a cohort of women who were treated for MDR-TB during pregnancy during a period of 10 years. METHODS: ...
Mountifield Réme - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Smaller family size and voluntary childlessness has been reported in IBD; however, the disease-related reasons for this from a patient viewpoint are not described. The aims were to 1) determine whether IBD patients' perceptions of the issues surrounding IBD, pregnancy, and childbearing influence their reproductive behavior, and 2) describe ...
Cole Stephanie - - 2009
Pregnancy during graduate medical training became a pertinent issue in the United States during the 10-year interval between 1992 and 2002 as the number of female residents trended steadily upward to over 25 per cent. Surgical training programs characteristically present unique challenges and stressors for all trainees, and pregnancy introduces ...
Mazer-Poline Carrie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Pregnant women with anorexia nervosa (AN) are at risk for multiple complications to both the woman and fetus. This report examines when to obtain a psychiatric evaluation or admission to an inpatient psychiatric unit to ensure the safety of both the woman and fetus. METHOD: A case report of ...
Henley-Einion Alyson - - 2009
'Caring for women with medical conditions' is the eighth series of 'Midwifery basics'. Targeted at student midwives, it aims to raise awareness of the needs of these women during pregnancy and beyond. This article considers neurological conditions during pregnancy and birth. Students are encouraged to seek further information through a ...
Chhabra S - - 2009
This study covers issues on advanced unwanted pregnancies in rural single women in South-east Asia, with reference to age, education, occupation, person responsible (i.e. baby's father) and reasons for delay in seeking assistance. It describes single women with pregnancy beyond the time for abortion, as set by the Indian abortion ...
Nikiéma Béatrice - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Lack of information on the warning signs of complications during pregnancy, parturition and postpartum hampers women's ability to partake fully in safe motherhood initiatives. We assessed the extent to which women in 19 countries of sub-Saharan Africa recall receiving information about pregnancy complications during antenatal care for the most ...
Turnovska Tanya H - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study is to estimate the influence of high levels of air pollution during intrauterine development and early childhood on the respiratory functions at a later stage in life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The subjects were children from Dimitrovgrad - one of the most industrialized areas in ...
Hohmann-Marriott Bryndl - - 2009
The couple context of pregnancy and newborn health is gaining importance with the increase in births to unmarried couples, a disproportionate number of which were not intended. This study investigates the association of early prenatal care, preterm birth, and low birth weight with the couple relationship context, including partners' joint ...
Ahluwalia Indu B - - 2009
Access to healthcare, especially for women of reproductive age, is important to preconception, pregnancy, and postpartum care and ultimately to the well-being of women and their families. In this issue, we highlight data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment and Monitoring System (PRAMS) regarding low-income women's access to Medicaid before becoming ...
Van Mullem Chris - - 2009
The care and treatment of women with psychiatric disorders in pregnancy is both challenging and complex. The decision to treat or not treat can pose a risk to the mother, the developing fetus or infant and the pregnancy outcome. Treatment options can be both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic. The risk and ...
Nettleman Mary D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To reduce unintended pregnancy, it is necessary to understand why women have unprotected intercourse when they do not desire pregnancy. METHODS: We devised a survey of 42 potential reasons why women have unprotected intercourse based on the responses of a focus group we had previously convened. We administered the ...
Okun Michele L ML University of Pittsburgh, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, PA 15213, USA. - - 2009
Adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with significant maternal and infant morbidity are on the rise in Western society despite advances of medical technology. Current risk factors are insufficient to identify women at greatest risk of developing an adverse outcome. An attempt to identify novel contributors to increased risk is warranted. Sleep ...
Nduna Mzikazi - - 2009
Health and quality of life benefits accrued from the availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are commendable, but the social milieu continues to pose challenges for women's decision making around having children. This paper qualitatively explored women's questions and concerns around living with HIV, being on HAART and pregnancy. ...
Jones Kevin - - 2009
Gynaecological practice has traditionally been divided into emergency and elective services. Emergency gynaecological services provide care for women who have miscarriages, ectopic pregnancies, and acute non-pregnancy related symptoms such as pelvic pain. Early Pregnancy Units (EPU) offer an efficient way of organizing services for women experiencing early pregnancy complications. More ...
Clark Cari Jo - - 2009
This study estimates the lifetime prevalence of physical violence during pregnancy and examines risk and protective factors among women (N = 390) attending reproductive health clinics in Jordan. Approximately 15% reported physical violence during pregnancy. The husband was the sole perpetrator in 83% of the cases. A high frequency of ...
de Costa Caroline M - - 2009
Closing the gap in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians needs to start in the womb. Rates of perinatal mortality, preterm birth and low birthweight are two to three times greater among the babies of Indigenous women than among those of non-Indigenous women; low birthweight predisposes infants to greater ...
Fehring Richard J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if an electronic hormonal fertility monitor aided method (EHFM) of family planning is more effective than a cervical mucus only method (CMM) in helping couples to avoid pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Six hundred twenty-eight women were taught how to avoid pregnancy with either the EHFM (n=313) or the ...
Wallace Donna A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop a tool and evaluate its content validity and utility. The tool was designed to be used by women to assess lifestyle and psychosocial factors that could impact their pregnancies and unborn babies. It also provided resources for self-help. DESIGN: Methodological study in 4 phases. SETTING: Alberta Health ...
Dott Mary - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Given that approximately half of all pregnancies in the United States are unplanned, the authors sought to understand the relation between pregnancy intention and health behaviors. METHODS: Mothers of live-born infants without major birth defects were interviewed as part of the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. The interview assessed ...
Sun Yi-Chin - - 2010
to evaluate a yoga programme provided to primigravidas in the third trimester of pregnancy with the aim of decreasing the discomforts associated with pregnancy and increasing childbirth self-efficacy. non-randomised controlled experimental study. a hospital in northern Taiwan. the target population was primigravidas at 26-28 weeks of gestation (no high-risk pregnancies) ...
Kuczkowski Krzysztof M - - 2009
Caffeine is probably the most frequently ingested pharmacologically active substance in the world. It is found in common beverages (coffee, tea, soft drinks), in products containing cocoa or chocolate, and in medications. Because of its wide consumption at different levels by most segments of the population, the public and the ...
Moretti Myla E - - 2009
St. John's Wort is a herbal therapy, shown to be effective in treating mild to moderate depression; a disease common in women in their childbearing years. With a significant proportion of unplanned pregnancies, exposure to St. John's Wort into pregnancy is expected to occur. The purpose of this study was ...
Chuang Cynthia H CH Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Penn State College of Medicine, 600 Centerview Drive, A210, Hershey, PA 17033-0850, USA. - - 2010
Our objective was to determine whether intention for future pregnancy affects selected preconception health behaviors that may impact pregnancy outcomes. Analyses are based on data from a population-based cohort study of women ages 18-45 residing in Central Pennsylvania. A subsample of 847 non-pregnant women with reproductive capacity comprise the analytic ...
Chuang Chao-Hua - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Using Chinese herbal medicines during pregnancy and postpartum is common in the Chinese community. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this current study is to explore the use of Chinese herbal medicines by women during pregnancy and postpartum in Taiwan. DESIGN: It is an on-going prospective longitudinal study design. SETTING AND ...
Shakespear Kaylynn - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Researchers sought to determine the difference in health behaviors between women who receive prenatal care via the Centering Pregnancy approach and those involved in traditional prenatal care. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, adult pregnant women (n = 125) were surveyed from at least 28 weeks gestation to delivery. The ...
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