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Ortonne J P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been generally believed that the four main causes of melasma are pregnancy, hormonal contraception, family history and sun exposure; however, there are few published comprehensive studies that confirm these assertions. The Pigmentary Disorders Academy - an international group of experts in pigmentary disorders - designed and conducted ...
Arnold Joanna L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the current planned transfer of pregnant women from Cape York communities to Cairns at 36 weeks' gestation for birthing is medically appropriate. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective audit of travel details and demographic and obstetric outcome data on all women from Cape York communities who travelled to ...
Palacios Eda - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) disproportionately affects young adults, including women of childbearing age; however, treatment of MDR-TB during pregnancy is still controversial. This study looks at the treatment and pregnancy outcomes in a cohort of women who were treated for MDR-TB during pregnancy during a period of 10 years. METHODS: ...
Mountifield Réme - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Smaller family size and voluntary childlessness has been reported in IBD; however, the disease-related reasons for this from a patient viewpoint are not described. The aims were to 1) determine whether IBD patients' perceptions of the issues surrounding IBD, pregnancy, and childbearing influence their reproductive behavior, and 2) describe ...
Cole Stephanie - - 2009
Pregnancy during graduate medical training became a pertinent issue in the United States during the 10-year interval between 1992 and 2002 as the number of female residents trended steadily upward to over 25 per cent. Surgical training programs characteristically present unique challenges and stressors for all trainees, and pregnancy introduces ...
Mazer-Poline Carrie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Pregnant women with anorexia nervosa (AN) are at risk for multiple complications to both the woman and fetus. This report examines when to obtain a psychiatric evaluation or admission to an inpatient psychiatric unit to ensure the safety of both the woman and fetus. METHOD: A case report of ...
Henley-Einion Alyson - - 2009
'Caring for women with medical conditions' is the eighth series of 'Midwifery basics'. Targeted at student midwives, it aims to raise awareness of the needs of these women during pregnancy and beyond. This article considers neurological conditions during pregnancy and birth. Students are encouraged to seek further information through a ...
Chhabra S - - 2009
This study covers issues on advanced unwanted pregnancies in rural single women in South-east Asia, with reference to age, education, occupation, person responsible (i.e. baby's father) and reasons for delay in seeking assistance. It describes single women with pregnancy beyond the time for abortion, as set by the Indian abortion ...
Nikiéma Béatrice - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Lack of information on the warning signs of complications during pregnancy, parturition and postpartum hampers women's ability to partake fully in safe motherhood initiatives. We assessed the extent to which women in 19 countries of sub-Saharan Africa recall receiving information about pregnancy complications during antenatal care for the most ...
Turnovska Tanya H - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study is to estimate the influence of high levels of air pollution during intrauterine development and early childhood on the respiratory functions at a later stage in life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The subjects were children from Dimitrovgrad - one of the most industrialized areas in ...
Hohmann-Marriott Bryndl - - 2009
The couple context of pregnancy and newborn health is gaining importance with the increase in births to unmarried couples, a disproportionate number of which were not intended. This study investigates the association of early prenatal care, preterm birth, and low birth weight with the couple relationship context, including partners' joint ...
Ahluwalia Indu B - - 2009
Access to healthcare, especially for women of reproductive age, is important to preconception, pregnancy, and postpartum care and ultimately to the well-being of women and their families. In this issue, we highlight data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment and Monitoring System (PRAMS) regarding low-income women's access to Medicaid before becoming ...
Van Mullem Chris - - 2009
The care and treatment of women with psychiatric disorders in pregnancy is both challenging and complex. The decision to treat or not treat can pose a risk to the mother, the developing fetus or infant and the pregnancy outcome. Treatment options can be both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic. The risk and ...
Nettleman Mary D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To reduce unintended pregnancy, it is necessary to understand why women have unprotected intercourse when they do not desire pregnancy. METHODS: We devised a survey of 42 potential reasons why women have unprotected intercourse based on the responses of a focus group we had previously convened. We administered the ...
Okun Michele L - - 2009
Adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with significant maternal and infant morbidity are on the rise in Western society despite advances of medical technology. Current risk factors are insufficient to identify women at greatest risk of developing an adverse outcome. An attempt to identify novel contributors to increased risk is warranted. Sleep ...
Nduna Mzikazi - - 2009
Health and quality of life benefits accrued from the availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are commendable, but the social milieu continues to pose challenges for women's decision making around having children. This paper qualitatively explored women's questions and concerns around living with HIV, being on HAART and pregnancy. ...
Jones Kevin - - 2009
Gynaecological practice has traditionally been divided into emergency and elective services. Emergency gynaecological services provide care for women who have miscarriages, ectopic pregnancies, and acute non-pregnancy related symptoms such as pelvic pain. Early Pregnancy Units (EPU) offer an efficient way of organizing services for women experiencing early pregnancy complications. More ...
Clark Cari Jo - - 2009
This study estimates the lifetime prevalence of physical violence during pregnancy and examines risk and protective factors among women (N = 390) attending reproductive health clinics in Jordan. Approximately 15% reported physical violence during pregnancy. The husband was the sole perpetrator in 83% of the cases. A high frequency of ...
de Costa Caroline M - - 2009
Closing the gap in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians needs to start in the womb. Rates of perinatal mortality, preterm birth and low birthweight are two to three times greater among the babies of Indigenous women than among those of non-Indigenous women; low birthweight predisposes infants to greater ...
Fehring Richard J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if an electronic hormonal fertility monitor aided method (EHFM) of family planning is more effective than a cervical mucus only method (CMM) in helping couples to avoid pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Six hundred twenty-eight women were taught how to avoid pregnancy with either the EHFM (n=313) or the ...
Wallace Donna A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop a tool and evaluate its content validity and utility. The tool was designed to be used by women to assess lifestyle and psychosocial factors that could impact their pregnancies and unborn babies. It also provided resources for self-help. DESIGN: Methodological study in 4 phases. SETTING: Alberta Health ...
Dott Mary - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Given that approximately half of all pregnancies in the United States are unplanned, the authors sought to understand the relation between pregnancy intention and health behaviors. METHODS: Mothers of live-born infants without major birth defects were interviewed as part of the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. The interview assessed ...
Sun Yi-Chin - - 2010
to evaluate a yoga programme provided to primigravidas in the third trimester of pregnancy with the aim of decreasing the discomforts associated with pregnancy and increasing childbirth self-efficacy. non-randomised controlled experimental study. a hospital in northern Taiwan. the target population was primigravidas at 26-28 weeks of gestation (no high-risk pregnancies) ...
Kuczkowski Krzysztof M - - 2009
Caffeine is probably the most frequently ingested pharmacologically active substance in the world. It is found in common beverages (coffee, tea, soft drinks), in products containing cocoa or chocolate, and in medications. Because of its wide consumption at different levels by most segments of the population, the public and the ...
Moretti Myla E - - 2009
St. John's Wort is a herbal therapy, shown to be effective in treating mild to moderate depression; a disease common in women in their childbearing years. With a significant proportion of unplanned pregnancies, exposure to St. John's Wort into pregnancy is expected to occur. The purpose of this study was ...
Chuang Cynthia H - - 2010
Our objective was to determine whether intention for future pregnancy affects selected preconception health behaviors that may impact pregnancy outcomes. Analyses are based on data from a population-based cohort study of women ages 18-45 residing in Central Pennsylvania. A subsample of 847 non-pregnant women with reproductive capacity comprise the analytic ...
Chuang Chao-Hua - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Using Chinese herbal medicines during pregnancy and postpartum is common in the Chinese community. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this current study is to explore the use of Chinese herbal medicines by women during pregnancy and postpartum in Taiwan. DESIGN: It is an on-going prospective longitudinal study design. SETTING AND ...
Shakespear Kaylynn - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Researchers sought to determine the difference in health behaviors between women who receive prenatal care via the Centering Pregnancy approach and those involved in traditional prenatal care. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, adult pregnant women (n = 125) were surveyed from at least 28 weeks gestation to delivery. The ...
Donahue Sara M A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the prevalence of physical inactivity (no physical activity or exercise for 30 min or more at least one day per week) in the 3 months prior to pregnancy in a population-based sample of women and identify individual socio-demographic, personal, health, and behavioral factors predictive of pre-pregnancy physical inactivity. ...
Postlethwaite Debbie - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Published studies show poor pregnancy outcomes associated with unintended pregnancies are disproportionately higher than in planned pregnancies and place a burden on the health care system. This study was designed to compare pregnancy intention rates, compare sociodemographic characteristics of women by pregnancy intention and compare pregnancy outcomes in a ...
Vatnar Solveig Karin Bø - - 2010
The authors report on the impact of motherhood and pregnancy on interactional aspects of intimate partner violence (IPV) among help-seeking women. Is having children a protective or a risk factor for IPV severity, injury, duration, frequency, and mortal danger, controlling for sociodemographics? Regarding interactional aspects of IPV, do survivors who ...
Hunt Kate K MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow University, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, United Kingdom. - - 2009
With increasing technology for screening and diagnostic testing for fetal abnormality in pregnancy, many more pregnant women and couples are faced with the decision to terminate a pregnancy often after receiving diagnostic test results in the second or third trimester of pregnancy. Whilst there is extensive research on people's experience ...
Valladares Eliette - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the neuroendocrine release of cortisol in response to perceived stress among pregnant women exposed to partner violence and how this affects the duration of pregnancy and the intrauterine growth of the infant. DESIGN: Cross-sectional community-based study. SETTING: Health and Demographic Surveillance System of Leon, Nicaragua. POPULATION: One-hundred ...
Carolan Mary - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: to present the literature relating to health status and pregnancy complications among sub-Saharan African women. BACKGROUND: sub-Saharan refugee women constitute a new and growing group of maternity service users in developed countries today. These women are perceived to be at high risk of pregnancy complication, based on concurrent disease ...
Olsson Christina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare levels of catastrophizing, fear-avoidance beliefs, physical ability, and health-related quality of life in women with and without lumbopelvic pain (LP and NLP) in early pregnancy. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of early pregnancy. SETTING: Five midwife clinics, one in the center, two in the outskirts of ...
Einarson Adrienne - - 2009
On May 7th 2008, our annual Motherisk Update was devoted to reproductive mental health, which is a part of life for many women of child bearing age. Presentations were delivered by experts in the fields of psychiatry, maternal/fetal pharmacology and obstetrics. Our goal was to improve patient care for a ...
Matthias Marianne Sassi - - 2009
The experience of pregnancy is often accompanied by uncertainties with which mothers somehow have to cope. Uncertainty may be related to the health of the mother or baby, or how labor will be experienced, as well as longer-range issues, such as financial concerns and worries about being a good parent. ...
Herbert Danielle - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Little research has examined recognized pregnancy losses in a general population. Data from an Australian cohort study provide an opportunity to quantify this aspect of fecundity at a population level. METHOD: Participants in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health who were aged 28-33 years in 2006 (n = ...
Gorthi Aparna - - 2009
Clinical decision support systems augment the quality of medical care by aiding healthcare workers in the evaluation and management of complicated cases. Clinical decision support systems are especially instrumental in quickly assessing the criticality of pregnancy as it involves interpreting multiple maternal and fetal parameters. We propose a machine learning ...
Alam Dewan S - - 2009
Globally an estimated 20 million infants are born with low birthweight (LBW), of those over 18 million are born in developing countries. These LBW infants are at a disproportionately higher risk of mortality, morbidity, poor growth, impaired psychomotor and cognitive development as immediate outcomes, and are also disadvantaged as adults ...
Einarson Adrienne - - 2009
On May 7th 2008, our annual Motherisk Update was devoted to reproductive mental health, which is a part of life for many women of childbearing age. Presentations were delivered by experts int he fields of psychiatry, maternal/fetal pharmacology and obstetrics. Our goal was to improve patient care for a population ...
Chow Yuan Huang - - 2009
Conception statistics routinely published for England and Wales include pregnancies that result in one or more live- or stillbirths (a maternity) or an abortion. All live births are assumed to be 38 weeks gestation as information on gestation is not collected at birth registration. For the first time, gestational age ...
Gerber-Epstein Paula - - 2009
The study is a qualitative analysis of 19 interviews with Israeli women who have lost a first pregnancy to miscarriage. Neither the public nor health care professionals are fully aware of the implications and significance of miscarriage to the woman who has lost the pregnancy. The goal of this study ...
- - 2009
A pension plan whose terms are those of a bona fide seniority system and which treats pregnancy leave, taken before the addition of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) to Title VII, differently than other kinds of medical leave, does not amount to sex and pregnancy discrimination under Title VII because ...
Fowles Eileen R - - 2009
A pilot study was conducted to explore the dietary quality and maternal psychosocial status during the early weeks of pregnancy in a convenience sample of women (N = 13) recruited from two Planned Parenthood Clinics. Women were between 19 and 31 years of age, having their first pregnancy, and were ...
Coscia Lisa A - - 2009
With the constant advent of new developments and modifications in immunosuppressive regimens, clinicians are responsible for providing pregnancy counseling in all pre- and post-transplant recipients of childbearing age. As individual physicians and centers accrue experience with these major therapeutic decisions, it is critical that both positive and negative outcomes be ...
Rudge Cibele Vc - - 2009
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: A review of validated methods for assessing female sexual dysfunction and a review of male and female sexual dysfunction did not refer to any specific questionnaire for evaluating sexuality during pregnancy. A study was performed at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo State ...
Adhikari Ramesh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Women living in every country, irrespective of its development status, have been facing the problem of unintended pregnancy. Unintended pregnancy is an important public health issue in both developing and developed countries because of its negative association with the social and health outcomes for both mothers and children. This ...
Di Napoli Anteo - - 2009
AIMS: To evaluate to which extent pregnancies of very short duration (<32 weeks' gestation) are concentrated in level III centers. METHODS: Area-based study in the 57 maternity units of the Lazio Region (Italy), years 2003-2004, including: 1012 live births (gestational age 22-31 weeks), 261 fetal losses (22-31 weeks) and 209 ...
Bakstad Brittelise - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is widely used to treat pregnant women with a history of opioid dependence. This study investigated whether maternal methadone/buprenorphine dose and nicotine use in pregnancy affects the occurrence and duration of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in the infant. METHODS: Forty-one pregnant women from OMT programmes ...
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