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Results 651 - 700 of 1680
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Adhikari Ramesh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Women living in every country, irrespective of its development status, have been facing the problem of unintended pregnancy. Unintended pregnancy is an important public health issue in both developing and developed countries because of its negative association with the social and health outcomes for both mothers and children. This ...
Di Napoli Anteo - - 2009
AIMS: To evaluate to which extent pregnancies of very short duration (<32 weeks' gestation) are concentrated in level III centers. METHODS: Area-based study in the 57 maternity units of the Lazio Region (Italy), years 2003-2004, including: 1012 live births (gestational age 22-31 weeks), 261 fetal losses (22-31 weeks) and 209 ...
Bakstad Brittelise - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is widely used to treat pregnant women with a history of opioid dependence. This study investigated whether maternal methadone/buprenorphine dose and nicotine use in pregnancy affects the occurrence and duration of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in the infant. METHODS: Forty-one pregnant women from OMT programmes ...
Wilder Kathleen J - - 2009
The study examines emergency contraception (EC) knowledge, awareness, perceptions, and prior use and identifies predictors of EC use among a sample of survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). The majority (66.2%) of 154 survivors at risk of pregnancy reported EC awareness, only 15.3% reported prior EC use. Logistic regression identified ...
Neau Jean-Philippe - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe different sleep disorders and daytime sleepiness in a French population of randomly selected young women during pregnancy and to evaluate the frequency of these sleep disorders according to the three trimesters of pregnancy. METHODS: Cross-sectional design with retrospective survey of pre-pregnancy, symptoms and prospective survey of current ...
Shilling Teri - - 2009
In this column, reviewers offer perspectives and comments on a variety of new media resources for childbirth educators and for expectant and new parents. The books and DVDs reviewed in this issue's column address the following topics: new directions for childbirth education classes; pregnancy tips for expectant mothers; empowering women ...
Wehby George L - - 2009
The study aimed at identifying predictors of multivitamin use during pregnancy in Brazil. Birth registry data of 1,774 infants at maternity hospitals in Brazil were used. The effects of maternal health and fertility risk indicators, enabling factors and other maternal characteristics on multivitamin use were evaluated both pooled and stratified ...
Carlson Amanda - - 2009
Pregnant women and their fetuses are at high risk of infection with the novel H1N1 influenza A virus. Obstetric providers need to be prepared to provide the care necessary to address the increased morbidity, mortality, and pregnancy-related complications (including spontaneous miscarriage and preterm birth) faced by pregnant women during an ...
Paul Munish - - 2009
Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A), a purified protein derived from the bacteria Clostridium botulinum, has been widely used in aesthetic dermatology. Though BTX-A was initially used by neurologists extensively for neurological conditions such as blepharospasm, strabismus headaches, dystonia and spasticity, it has become popular among dermatologists and plastic surgeons for its ...
Brabin Loretta - - 2009
The use of most anti-malarial medications is restricted during pregnancy, but two doses of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine are recommended after the first trimester as intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp). In The Gambia, only 32% of women receive two doses and very little research has been conducted on women's awareness of drug ...
Berg Marie - - 2009
Women with type 1 diabetes are at high risk of complications during both pregnancy and childbirth. Stringent monitoring of blood sugar is required in order to improve the chance of giving birth to a healthy child; however, this increases the incidence of severe hypoglycaemia. The aim of this study was ...
Whitworth Melissa - - 2009
A number of potentially modifiable risk factors are known to be associated with poor pregnancy outcomes. These include smoking, drinking excess alcohol, and poor nutrition. Routine health promotion (encompassing education, advice and general health assessment) in the pre-pregnancy period has been proposed for improving pregnancy outcomes by encouraging behavioural change, ...
Duvan Candan İltemir Cİ Fatih University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara, - - 2009
Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease which is characterized by recurrent, self-limiting, short attacks of serositis while abdominal pain is the most common symptom. The underlying clinical and pathological picture is that of acute peritonitis. These abdominal signs are often so striking that they mimic an acute ...
Cohen Marsha M - - 2009
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare lung disease affecting women. Following case reports that pregnancy exacerbates LAM, patients are frequently advised to avoid pregnancy. Our objective was to determine pregnancy and health outcomes in LAM to provide better evidence with which to council patients contemplating pregnancy. We surveyed 328 women with ...
Parkin N - - 2009
AIMS: Previous studies have indicated that hypodontia has a significantly higher prevalence in the relatives of affected individuals than in the general population. This study aims to examine further the roles of genetic and environmental factors in the aetiology of hypodontia by investigating the relationship between the severity and distribution ...
Nettleman Mary D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The timing of pregnancy recognition affects early pregnancy and the timing of prenatal care. Little research has been done on how to make women at risk more alert to the possibility of pregnancy. DESIGN: The study was an RCT performed and analyzed between 2006 and 2007. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Participants were ...
Banaem Lida Moghaddam - - 2008
To compare 5-minute Apgar scores in newborns of wanted versus unwanted pregnancies. This longitudinal cohort study included 1,800 pregnant women attending urban and rural health centres in southern Tehran for routine prenatal care. The subjects were divided into two equal groups as wanted and unwanted pregnancies and were followed up ...
Stokes E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Control of infectious diseases in developing countries often requires using drugs that are contraindicated during pregnancy. Avoiding inadvertent exposure to drugs involves women (a) recognising pregnancy early, (b) disclosing the pregnancy to health workers and (c) using medicines in an informed manner. We explored these factors to inform and ...
Moos Merry-K - - 2008
By addressing the reproductive intentions and contraceptive practices and needs of every patient, providers may be able to decrease women's chances of experiencing unintended pregnancies and support women in achieving planned and well-timed pregnancies. By addressing the health promotion needs of every patient and examining and addressing her health profile ...
Waller Maureen R - - 2008
CONTEXT: Previous studies have linked pregnancy intentions with some pregnancy-related behaviors and infant health outcomes. However, most have used only women's reports of intentions and examined only maternal behaviors. METHODS: Baseline data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (1998-2000) are used to examine whether parents of newborns considered ...
Berger P - - 2008
Background: Clinical management of pregnancy, pregnancy-related disorders and trophoblastic tumors is dependent on immunoassay measurements of the complex analyte human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Differences in hCG results using different methods affect clinical interpretation with potentially adverse consequences for patient care. Objectives/method: To provide an overview of factors contributing to method-related ...
Braveman Paula - - 2010
To describe income levels and the prevalence of major hardships among women during or just before pregnancy. We separately analyzed 2002-2006 population-based postpartum survey data from California's Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (n = 18,332) and 19 states participating in CDC's Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (n = 143,452) to ...
Lalor Joan - - 2009
Recent decades have seen ultrasound revolutionise the management of pregnancy and its possible complications. However, somewhat less consideration has been given to the psychosocial consequences of mass screening resulting in fetal anomaly detection in low-risk populations, particularly in contexts where termination of pregnancy services are not readily accessible. A grounded ...
NANGENDO, Stevie M.
A main goal of the Kenyan government's Safe Motherhood Initiative is to increase the number of babies delivered in modern health facilities. Mothers are encouraged to begin prenatal care visits early in their pregnancy and to continue care until the fortieth week. However, research carried out among the Luo people ...
Cousins Claire - - 2008
Many pregnant women are exposed to radiation either as a patient or as an employee. Ignorance of the issues surrounding the radiation exposure of pregnant females is encountered among medical and other professionals, often leading to undue concern. The exposure of pregnant patients has to be justified and the risk/benefit ...
Henley-Einion Alyson - - 2008
'Caring for women with medical conditions' is the eighth series of 'Midwifery basics' targeted at student midwives, and aims to raise awareness of the needs of these women during pregnancy and beyond. This second article considers respiratory disorders in pregnancy. The aim is to provide an overview of the respiratory ...
Fried Lise E - - 2008
In order to assess the relationship between lifetime and during pregnancy experience of violence and low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth outcomes, we designed a prospective cohort study in which the birth outcomes of women who experienced violence before their pregnancy or who experienced violence during pregnancy were compared ...
Hornberger Lisa K - - 2008
Background: Fetal echocardiography plays a critical role in the diagnosis and management of structural, functional and rhythm-related fetal cardiovascular disease. Objectives/methods: This article reviews the history of fetal echocardiography and the prenatal diagnosis of fetal cardiovascular disease as well as the evolution of the field of fetal cardiology. The clinical ...
Fredriksen Eva Haukeland - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To explore popular perspectives on pelvic girdle pain (PGP) in pregnancy through an analysis of women's discussions on the Internet, and to investigate how these discussions compare with the prevailing official discourses on PGP and pregnancy health. METHODS: A qualitative text analysis of women's contributions to a commercial online ...
Fehring Richard J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of the Marquette Method (MM) of natural family planning (NFP) as a method of avoiding pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a 12-month retrospective evaluation of the MM system of NFP. Two hundred and four women (mean age, 28.6 years) and their male partners ...
Szwajcer Ellen M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether preconception and pregnancy could be an occasion triggering women's interest, search and need for both general and pregnancy-specific nutrition-related information, in order to: (i) provide a greater understanding of the life course perspective (in this case on nutrition behaviours and pregnancy) and (ii) to contribute to ...
Raymo James M - - 2008
In this paper, we examined two aspects of recent increases in marriage preceded by pregnancy (bridal pregnancy) in Japan. Using information on 28,973 respondents to the Japanese National Fertility Surveys, we first demonstrated that increases in bridal pregnancy between 1970 and 2002 were concentrated among women without postsecondary education. We ...
McNeil T F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study investigated whether 'unwanted pregnancy' (i.e. a negative or ambivalent attitude towards the pregnancy/reproduction) is associated with schizophrenia-spectrum and affective disorders in the offspring in adulthood, and if so, whether other pregnancy, perinatal, childhood or genetic-risk factors account for this association. METHOD: In a prospective study beginning during ...
Arslan Ozkan Ilkay - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: to determine the relationship between pregnancy planning and antenatal behaviours. DESIGN AND METHOD: a descriptive study using a questionnaire completed during face-to-face interviews. SETTING: the obstetric and gynaecology department of one public hospital in Turkey. PARTICIPANTS: 1355 postpartum women. FINDINGS: of the pregnancies among these women, 71.3% were planned, ...
Sunil T S - - 2010
Healthy People 2010 goals set a target of 90% of mothers starting prenatal care in the first trimester of pregnancy. While there are questions about the value of prenatal care (PNC), there is much observational evidence of the benefits of PNC including reduction in maternal, fetal, perinatal, and infant deaths. ...
Semenic Sonia - - 2008
Few women currently meet revised WHO recommendations to breastfeed exclusively for 6 months postpartum. In this prospective study we aimed to determine the influence of socio-demographic, psychosocial, and perinatal factors on the length of exclusive breastfeeding among 189 Canadian primiparous mothers. A majority of the participants did not meet their ...
McCarraher Donna - - 2008
As antiretroviral treatment becomes more available, community home-based care (CHBC) clients may begin to resume normal daily activities including the resumption of sexual relationships. This study examines sexual behavior, contraceptive use, unmet need for family planning and attitudes toward pregnancy in the context of HIV among CHBC participants (clients and ...
Bankole Akinrinola - - 2009
The condom is the only known method that provides simultaneous protection against unplanned pregnancy and some sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, among sexually active people. Using data from the Demographic and Health Surveys from 18 Sub-Saharan African countries, this study examined condom use and reasons for using the method ...
Darvill Ruth - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: childbearing is a significant transition, especially for first-time mothers. The objectives of this study were to explore the maternal transition from womens' perspectives and to identify any unmet needs for support. DESIGN: grounded theory was chosen as the most appropriate method of analysis due to its ability to identify ...
Ross, Miguelle E.
Despite increasing interest in the role of the father in pregnancy, birth, and parenthood, little attention has been given to the expectant father's experience of coping with a high risk pregnancy and the hospitalization of his partner. This study was undertaken to further understanding regarding the experience of the expectant ...
Aluko J O - - 2008
Antenatal care (ANC) services have the aim of monitoring the course of pregnancy, in order to promote favourable outcomes. In spite of the fact that its components have been found to improve pregnancy outcomes, maternal/infant morbidity and mortality still remain public health problems in most developing countries including Nigeria. These ...
Winklbaur Bernadette - - 2008
AIMS: Through a novel synthesis of the literature and our own clinical experience, we have derived a set of evidence-based recommendations for consideration as guidance in the management of opioid-dependent pregnant women and infants. METHODS: PubMed literature searches were carried out to identify recent key publications in the areas of ...
Deave Toity - - 2008
AIM: This paper is a report of a study to explore the needs of first-time fathers in relation to the care, support and education provided by healthcare professionals during the antenatal period, particularly in relation to preparing them for the transition to fatherhood. BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and transition to parenthood are ...
Carson Michael P - - 2008
The age of the pregnant population and the number of pregnant women with medical issues are increasing. It is widely recognized that internists have the unique opportunity to identify potential pregnancy issues and address them before a problem arises. Therefore, it's important that we become aware of how to approach ...
Phelan Sharon T - - 2008
The primary objective for prenatal care has not changed in the past 100 years: to have the pregnancy end with a healthy baby and mother. By identifying risk factors for pregnancy complications or other maternal health concerns that need to be addressed, the provider hopes to optimize pregnancy outcome. By ...
Zahumensky Jozef - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study compares several parameters of sexual life and course of labor in women with planned and unplanned pregnancy. METHODS: 339 primiparas participated in our study; they filled in a questionnaire concerning their sexual life during pregnancy on the second or third day after the delivery. One question also ...
Ayaz Sultan - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Culturally embedded attitudes and beliefs affect people's lifestyle and health. Traditional practices such as bathing the baby in salt water to prevent him from smelling bad, regarding pregnancy as a shameful situation, and concealing pregnancy, may cause harm. This descriptive study aimed at identifying potentially harmful practices of married ...
Jiang Peilei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The authors examined and compared dental services used by women before, during and after pregnancy. METHODS: In their study, the authors combined medical and dental claims data for 3,462 pregnant women in Minnesota with commercial dental insurance who had been pregnant between Jan. 1, 2004, and Dec. 31, 2005. ...
Higgins Jenny A - - 2008
Although pregnancy ambivalence is consistently associated with poorer contraceptive use, little is known about the sexual, social and emotional dynamics at work in pregnancy ambivalence. During in-depth sexual and reproductive history interviews conducted in 2003, 36 women and men were asked about the relational and emotional circumstances surrounding each pregnancy, ...
Stephenson Rob - - 2008
This study examines the relationship between male-to-female physical domestic violence and unwanted pregnancy among women in three economically and culturally diverse areas of India. A central methodological focus of the study is the examination of retrospective and prospective measures of pregnancy unwantedness, contrasting their usefulness for specifying levels of unwanted ...
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