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Results 601 - 650 of 1741
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Gatrell Caroline - - 2011
This paper contributes to understandings of the relationship between pregnancy, health and place by exploring how health advice on pregnancy may be implemented, in practice, 'at work'. The paper first defines the following of health advice on pregnancy as a form of informal 'carework' which obliges pregnant women to implement ...
Kennedy Holly Powell - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that one-third of women receive information about pregnancy and childbirth through books. Messages about what characteristics are normal (or expected) in childbirth are disseminated in a variety of ways, including popular childbirth education books, but little study of them has been conducted. The purpose of this ...
Avis Hans J - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review aims to highlight the consequences for mother and child of profound hypercholesterolemia during pregnancy of women with familial hypercholesterolemia. RECENT FINDINGS: Familial hypercholesterolemia is increasingly diagnosed in younger patients due to the existence of screening programs and more widespread cholesterol testing. Increasing numbers of ...
Umeora O U J - - 2009
CONTEXT: Accurate obstetric history is of utmost importance in prenatal care to ensure optimal maternal and fetal outcomes. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the accuracy of recalled obstetric history among rural Igbo women of Southeast Nigeria. STUDY DESIGN: Primiparous and multiparous women, who accessed antenatal care in a rural Mission ...
Abbasi-Shavazi Mohammad Jalal - - 2009
Using data from the 2002 Iran Fertility Transition Survey, we examined birth control use between marriage and first pregnancy. We focused on the post-1990 increase in birth control use and develop two explanations. The first posits that birth control use reflects a new marriage form, the conjugal marriage, which places ...
El-Zibdeh Mazen Y - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine whether dydrogesterone helps to preserve pregnancy in women with threatened miscarriage. METHODS: 146 women who presented with mild or moderate vaginal bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy were randomised to receive oral dydrogesterone (10mg b.i.d.) (n=86) or no treatment (n=60). ...
Kuczkowski K M - - 2009
Maternal use of "social drugs" such as caffeine, ethanol and tobacco in pregnancy is on increase- -worldwide. Caffeine is probably the most frequently ingested pharmacologically active substance in the world. It is found in common beverages (coffee, tea, soft drinks), in products containing cocoa or chocolate, and in medications. Because ...
Kavanaugh Megan L - - 2009
Traditional measures of pregnancy intentions that are dichotomous and retrospective do not fully capture the complexity surrounding women's plans to become pregnant. During January-June 2008, 249 women aged 15-44 awaiting pregnancy test results at family planning clinics in Pittsburgh completed a survey containing both single- and multi-item measures of pregnancy ...
Olagbuji Biodun - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the trend and identify associated risk factors for pregnancy-related domestic violence. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 502 women attending the sixth week postnatal clinic in a tertiary hospital in urban Nigeria, participants completed semi-structured questionnaires on experience of domestic violence before and during pregnancy, and in ...
Seefat-van Teeffelen Ans - - 2011
to explore low-risk pregnant women's views on their preferences for psychosocial support from midwives during their transition to motherhood. a qualitative design with focus-group interviews and thematic analysis of the discussions. SETTINGS AND RESPONDENTS: 21 Dutch participants were included in three focus groups. Groups 1 (n=7) and 3 (n=8) consisted ...
Vignes St?phane - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyze subjective influence of pregnancy on lower limb lymphedema. METHOD: Cross-sectional study on 49 affected women was conducted in a single lymphology department between January 2002 and December 2006. All women were asked whether their lymphedema had worsened during pregnancy. RESULTS: Mean age at lymphedema onset was 17 ...
Kumar Jayanth - - 2009
Pregnancy is a unique time in a woman's life and is characterized by complex physiological changes. These changes can adversely affect oral health. Pregnancy is also an opportune time to educate women about preventing dental caries in young children, a common childhood problem. Although multiple studies have shown an association ...
O'Reilly Monica - - 2009
To provide a guideline for the care of women with unintended pregnancies, highlight the magnitude of unintended pregnancy, identify the demographic population at highest risk, offer assessment and diagnostic information, and describe the importance and practice of comprehensive, nondirective pregnancy options counseling, including information on abortion, adoption, and parenthood. Extensive ...
Taylor Rae - - 2009
This study explores the effect of pregnancy on women's risk of IPV victimization. Previous studies have produced conflicting findings and have been limited by comparing only two categories of IPV. The current study included analyses of the effect of pregnancy on three statuses of IPV: no abuse, nonlethal abuse, and ...
Simcox A M - - 2009
With significant improvements in longevity, women with cystic fibrosis are increasingly likely to consider pregnancy and parenthood. This article reviews the literature relating to medical and psychosocial research that informs the decision-making process these women undertake.
Speidel J Joseph - - 2009
Human consumption is depleting the Earth's natural resources and impairing the capacity of life-supporting ecosystems. Humans have changed ecosystems more rapidly and extensively over the past 50 years than during any other period, primarily to meet increasing demands for food, fresh water, timber, fibre and fuel. Such consumption, together with ...
Manzolli Patricia - - 2010
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of violence, depressive symptoms, and associated factors during pregnancy in women attending antenatal care in Brazil. METHODS: Violence was assessed using a modified version of the abuse assessment screen (ASS), and depressive symptoms were evaluated using the primary care evaluation of mental disorders (PRIME-MD). Participants ...
Valdez Jeanine L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if medical students' attendance at specialized prenatal clinics for Southwest Native American women would impact their awareness of and comfort in discussing traditional and unique values during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In this unblinded, randomized trial, all 154 third-year students rotating consecutively on our obstetrics-gynecology clerkship consented to ...
Adegoke A A - - 2009
To reduce the horrific maternal mortality figures that we have globally especially in resource poor countries, there was a global commitment to reduce maternal mortality by three-quarters by 2015 using 1990 as a baseline. To measure the achievement of this goal, two indicators: maternal mortality ratio and proportion of births ...
Shlay Judith C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Most sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics focus solely on STD treatment and prevention. However, women seeking care are also at high risk for unintended pregnancy. We sought to examine the relationship between baseline demographic and clinical characteristics and incident pregnancy among women provided initial contraceptive services in an STD ...
To Siu-Ming - - 2009
Research in the West has increasingly recognized the importance of understanding the perceptions and experiences of young pregnant females; however, limited studies are available in Chinese societies. This paper investigates the experiences of 10 young pregnant Chinese females living in Hong Kong. Through the use of individual interviews and the ...
Gyuse A N I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental, social and spiritual well being and not just the absence of disease. Domestic violence (synonyms: spouse abuse, partner or intimate violence, family violence) is a public health problem which is defined as any intentional abuse of a family member ...
Heaman Maureen I - - 2009
Pregnant women's perception of risk may influence their health behaviors during pregnancy; however, no validated instrument exists to measure those perceptions. The purpose of this study was to refine a new instrument, the Perception of Pregnancy Risk Questionnaire (PPRQ), and conduct psychometric assessment of the final 9-item version. Reliability and ...
Lachance-Grzela Myl??ne - - 2009
This longitudinal study investigated the presence of a moderating effect of pregnancy planning on the relationship between marital status and parenting satisfaction of couples experiencing the transition to parenthood and verified whether this moderating effect is mediated by role overload. Data were collected from 150 Canadian couples during the 3rd ...
Lowe Pam P Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom. - - 2009
Women are actively encouraged to educate themselves about pregnancy from formal sources (e.g., information leaflets, antenatal classes, books). In addition, informal stories of pregnancy and birth are routinely told between women. However, increased prenatal testing means that more fetuses are diagnosed with abnormalities, shifting the information requirements during pregnancy. Traditional ...
Holst Lone - - 2011
to review the literature on safety and efficacy of the most commonly used herbs to enable midwives to give evidence-based information to pregnant women. survey and review of the scientific literature. the survey was performed at the antenatal clinic at Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital between 26 November 2007 and ...
Shahoei Roonak - - 2011
to gain a deeper understanding of how Kurdish pregnant women feel about their pregnancy. a qualitative study analysed by a grounded theory approach. the study was conducted among women in the third trimester of their pregnancy in either their homes or the health-care centres in Sanandaj in the western part ...
Hunter Lauren - - 2011
This study assessed patient satisfaction with the use of a spiritually based (mantram/sacred word) intervention in expecting couples. A mixed-methods design, experimental repeated measures with interviews at 6-month follow-up was conducted. Satisfaction was moderate to high. Mantram was used for labor pains and uncertainty. Implications include scheduling flexible classes earlier ...
Ivry Tsipy - - 2009
This article examines a local version of medical public discourse about fetal images produced through ultrasonography in Israel, where this technology has gained huge popularity. Nevertheless, I argue, ultrasound in Israel has not become engaged in the discursive production of "fetal subjects" central to the Euro-American life politics. Fetal images ...
Shieh Carol - - 2009
This study examined information-seeking and its predictors (information needs and barriers) in low-income pregnant women. Eighty-four pregnant women from a prenatal clinic were interviewed using three scales that measured the frequency of information-seeking from eight different sources, information needs for 20 pregnancy health topics, and 15 barriers to seeking information, ...
Fleuriet K Jill - - 2009
In this article, I contrast conceptualizations of authoritative knowledge in pregnancy and birth between U.S. midwives and their Mexican immigrant clients at a religious birthing center in south Texas. Although the two groups share certain orientations to pregnancy management, essential differences in prenatal care and birth epistemologies underscore distinct social ...
Marquez David X - - 2009
Exercise during pregnancy has been associated with reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus, however, twice as many women are sedentary during pregnancy as compared to when they are not pregnant. We conducted 3 focus groups among 20 pregnant Latina and non-Latina white women to identify barriers and facilitators to exercise ...
Higgins Jenny A - - 2009
Few studies have examined arousal loss associated with safer-sex practices or the perceived risk of unintended pregnancy, let alone its associations with sexual risk practices. An Internet survey conducted in 2004-2006 among 2,399 men and 3,210 women asked respondents about arousal loss related to the use of condoms or other ...
Tenkku Leigh E - - 2009
The prevalence of both unintended pregnancy and psychiatric disorders in pregnancy is high. Each is associated with compromised birth outcomes and challenges in child-rearing. This study examines the relationship between mental illness and unintended pregnancy in seeking to improve the care provided to women and our ability to minimize the ...
Jaspers Merlijne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Evidence on the validity of parental recall of early childhood behavior is lacking. Our aim was to examine the validity of parental recall at child age 10-12 years for maternal lifestyle during pregnancy, the birth characteristics, and early childhood behavior. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: The study population comprised 2,230 ...
Behruzi Roxana - - 2010
The medical model of childbearing assumes that a pregnancy always has the potential to turn into a risky procedure. In order to advocate humanized birth in high risk pregnancy, an important step involves the enlightenment of the professional's preconceptions on humanized birth in such a situation. The goal of this ...
Gürsoy M - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The former Bacteroides intermedius, currently including Prevotella intermedia and Prevotella nigrescens, has been associated with hormone-induced pregnancy gingivitis. The aim of the present longitudinal study was to determine whether only P. intermedia or P. nigrescens, or both species, are involved in the demonstrated microbial shift during pregnancy. METHODS: Subgingival ...
Oliveira Liliam F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyse changes in body sway over the course of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: This is a descriptive study in which stabilometric tests were applied at three stages of pregnancy and with a combination of different visual conditions (eyes open/closed) and support base configuration (feet together/apart). Twenty ...
Chang Shiow-Ru - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In a culture transitioning between the traditions of old and modernity, the experience of pregnancy brings added challenges. Pregnant Taiwanese women in large cities are expected to modify their behavior in keeping with long-standing traditions that remain important to their families even if they themselves do not endorse the ...
Pantaleo Nicholas P - - 2010
This study was designed to evaluate the associated risk of RLS with pregnancy in relation to the family history and the age of symptom onset of RLS. Data from a prior RLS family history study in which 1019 subjects (527 males, 492 females) were interviewed, provided a diagnosis and characterization ...
Ho Simone S M - - 2009
AIMS: This study aims to identify the needs, concerns and problems of pregnant women when using maternity support garments. BACKGROUND: Maternity support belt is regarded as helpful in reducing low back pain during pregnancy. However, several garment-related problems exist which might lead to poor adherence behaviour undermining the benefit of ...
Pashley Sarah - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND METHODOLOGY: It is our experience that women who are already pregnant are commonly referred to our service for advice about the safety of anti-epileptic drug regimens. We know of no study that explores why epilepsy-specific preconception advice may be suboptimal. Women who had been referred to the epilepsy ...
Holst Lone - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The physiologic changes that occur during pregnancy can lead to a variety of conditions that can usually be self-treated. There are no licensed medicines for conditions such as morning sickness or insomnia in pregnancy, and evidence from Western countries suggests that patients often resort to using herbal medicines. Research ...
Vohra Sabina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Currently no topical anti-hemorrhoidal agents have been studied for effectiveness in pregnancy. This study evaluated the effectiveness of Proctofoam-HC used during the last trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: In this prospective, open-label, observational study, pregnant women prescribed Proctofoam-HC were asked to complete two telephone interview questionnaires. RESULTS: A total of ...
Bijlenga Denise - - 2009
Preference-based health-state valuation methods such as discrete choice experiment (DCE) are claimed to be superior than attitude-based valuation methods like visual analogue scale (VAS) and time trade-off (TTO). We compared VAS, TTO, and DCE in terms of feasibility, reliability, and validity using vignettes depicting moderate-risk pregnancy at term. People from ...
Della Grotta Sheri - - 2010
The objectives of this study are to characterize methamphetamine (MA) usage patterns during pregnancy, examine whether patterns of MA use are associated with sociodemographic characteristics and prenatal care, and test the hypothesis that persistent or increasing MA use during pregnancy is associated with greater use of other illicit drugs. The ...
Arps Shahna - - 2009
Despite global initiatives to lower rates of maternal death, barriers to safe motherhood persist, particularly in socially and economically marginalized communities. This article describes the risks that women in Honduran Miskito villages encounter during pregnancy and childbirth. Ethnographic data are used to examine emic understandings of the underlying causes of ...
Holst Lone - - 2009
This review evaluates the safety and efficacy of raspberry leaf (Rubus idaeus) in pregnancy. The electronic databases PubMed, ISI Web of Science, AMED, EMBASE, Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database and Cochrane Library were searched. Altogether 12 original publications with focus on safety or efficacy during pregnancy, pharmacology and in vitro tests ...
van Rossem Lenie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a woman's educational level on starting and continuing breastfeeding and to assess the role of sociodemographic, lifestyle-related, psychosocial, and birth characteristics in this association. METHODS: We used the data of 2914 participants in a population-based prospective cohort study. Information on educational level, breastfeeding, sociodemographic ...
Moussally Krystel - - 2009
PURPOSES: (1) Measure the prevalence of herbal product (HP) use, alone, and concomitantly with prescribed medications during pregnancy, (2) identify the most frequently consumed HP during gestation and (3) determine predictors of HP use at the beginning of pregnancy, and during the third trimester. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to ...
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