Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1729
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Elliott John P - - 2010
Pregnancy and neonatal outcome information is frequently used in disease management to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of prenatal interventions and for other research and reporting activities. The purpose of this study was to determine if a telephone interview process is a reliable methodology for collecting pregnancy outcomes. High-risk patients from a ...
Christensen Helen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Research has reported that pregnant women and mothers become forgetful. However, in these studies, women are not recruited prior to pregnancy, samples are not representative and studies are underpowered. AIMS: The current study sought to determine whether pregnancy and motherhood are associated with brief or long-term cognitive deterioration using ...
Kitsantas Panagiota - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether maternal prepregnancy overweight/obesity has independent effects on breastfeeding initiation and duration and whether these effects are different for women who experience medical problems during pregnancy or labor/delivery complications in comparison with those who have no medical or labor/delivery complications. METHODS: ...
Miller Elizabeth - - 2010
Reproductive control including pregnancy coercion (coercion by male partners to become pregnant) and birth control sabotage (partner interference with contraception) may be associated with partner violence and risk for unintended pregnancy among young adult females utilizing family planning clinic services. A cross-sectional survey was administered to females ages 16-29 years ...
Carrillo-de-Albornoz Ana - - 2010
AIM: To determine whether the exacerbated gingival inflammation that develops in pregnant women is related to a change in the subgingival biofilm induced by the increase in hormone levels during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This open cohort study included 48 pregnant and 28 non-pregnant women without periodontitis. Pregnant women were ...
Devine Scott - - 2010
The United States is moving toward active drug safety surveillance using sources such as administrative claims and electronic medical records, but use of these data for studying teratogenicity has been challenging, as they typically do not allow for the easy identification of pregnancies. Our goal was to develop and validate ...
Payne Deborah - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study aimed to provide a better understanding of the experiences of women with multiple sclerosis (MS) in becoming or being a mother. The research also focused on eliciting their perspectives of strategies that helped them and their families manage mothering young children whilst living with MS. METHOD: A ...
Onifade R - - 2010
Domestic violence (DV) is a common but underreported cause of morbidity in pregnant women. A retrospective review of maternity notes of 103 women who delivered October-November 2007, followed by prospective review of records after feedback intervention of 168 pregnant women who had nuchal a scan in February 2008 was undertaken. ...
Eisenberg Ziv - - 2010
Despite shaky evidence, American medical literature in the twenty-first century includes assumptions about the ability of expectant women's psyche to impact their pregnancy. This essay argues that such notions are rooted in "prenatal psychology," a discursive hybrid constructed by renowned psychiatrists in the 1940s and 1950s. Benefiting from the popularity ...
Wada Shinichi - - 2010
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in pregnancy is very rare, and there is no detailed description of rehabilitation in the literature. We report a case of GBS involving a pregnant, 34-year-old woman. She was diagnosed with Hughes grade 5 GBS during the 20th week of gestation (GW). Almost all basic motions showed ...
Goicolea Isabel - - 2010
It has been estimated that each year 80 million women in the world experience an unintended pregnancy. In Ecuador, recent research has revealed that 36.3% of total births are unintended; the research also details significant geographical, ethnic and socioeconomic variations. These studies focused on individual risk factors and were based ...
Spinelli Margaret G - - 2010
This article discusses denial of pregnancy. It includes clinical material from 17 women who not only denied pregnancy but committed neonaticide and were evaluated for forensic reasons. The forensic issues have been discussed elsewhere and are not considered here. The literature on denial of pregnancy taken in conjunction with the ...
Sacomori Cinara - - 2010
Sexual behavior may be altered during pregnancy. The authors aimed to investigate the behavior of pregnant women in terms of level of sexual initiative and change in sexual positions for intercourse. The authors conducted a retrospective research with 156 pregnant Brazilian women who completed a questionnaire. Before pregnancy, both partners ...
Witters I - - 2010
A good pregnancy outcome is partly determined by a women's preconceptional health and healthy lifestyle. The access to prenatal care is good nowadays but the incidence of congenital malformations, preterm births, low birth weight and maternal mortality has not significantly declined over the years. Although most women of reproductive age ...
Davis Robert L - - 2010
Knowledge about safe medication use during pregnancy is limited, yet about two of every three women take at least one prescription medication during pregnancy, furthermore, there is a lack of rigorous studies evaluating birth outcomes associated with in utero exposure to medications. The Medication Exposure in Pregnancy Risk Evaluation Program ...
Keirse Marc J N C - - 2010
AIMS: To assess pregnant women's opinions on and perceptions of oral health and their relationship to oral hygiene and dental care practices. METHODS: Questionnaire survey on perceived oral health, oral hygiene and utilization of dental services among 649 nulliparae attending for antenatal care at all public antenatal clinics in Adelaide, ...
Ganaba Rasmané - - 2010
Little is known about the reproductive health of women who survive obstetric complications in poor countries. Our aim was to determine how severe obstetric complications in Burkina Faso affect reproductive events in the first year postpartum. Data were collected from a prospective cohort of women who either experienced life threatening ...
Vinikoor Lisa C - - 2010
Birth records are an important source of data for examining population-level birth outcomes, but questions about the reliability of these vital records exist. We sought to assess the reliability of birth certificate data by comparing them with data from a large prospective cohort. Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition cohort study participants ...
Cyganek Katarzyna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Two regimens are used to achieve excellent glycemic control during pregnancy in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM): continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and multiple daily injections (MDI). We assessed their efficacy and safety and the effect of pregnancy planning. METHODS: We examined 269 pregnant T1DM women: 157 treated with ...
Koch Richard - - 2010
Elevated phenylalanine (Phe) levels in pregnant women with PKU are teratogenic. Fetal damage due to elevated maternal Phe levels during pregnancy is known as maternal phenylketonuria (MPKU). The risk of birth defects in MPKU, including global developmental delays, microcephaly, congenital heart disease, and low birth weight, can be dramatically reduced ...
Dugoua Jean-Jacques - - 2010
The prevalence of herbal medicine use during pregnancy is between 7% and 55%, depending upon the geographic area surveyed and the surveyed group's socio-cultural aspects and ethnicity. Why are women taking natural health products (NHPs) in pregnancy? Women who learn they are pregnant are concerned about the safety of their ...
Neau Jean-Philippe - - 2010
To perform a large and detailed epidemiologic study on restless legs syndrome (RLS) during pregnancy in a European country. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. The questionnaire was distributed by the medical staff in different outpatient waiting rooms (obstetrics and gynecology department of the university hospital, obstetrics and gynecology department of a ...
Zufarova Sh A - - 2010
The investigations performed have shown, that in the general structure among all the pregnant women with CP and CG the share of frequency of PE grows depending on the degree of FKR Thus, the estimation of the FKR in the debut of pregnancy in the women with CP and CG ...
Zuckerman Barry - - 2010
Adam's mother was concerned about her 3-year-old son's hyperactivity, violence, and activity level. Adam and his mom had recently moved into a shelter for pregnant women. The rest of the residents are primarily in their early 20s, whereas Adam's mom is 42. She had found about 3 months ago that ...
Bello Braimoh - - 2010
Time-to-pregnancy (TTP) has never been studied in an African setting and there are no data on the rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes in South Africa. The study objectives were to measure TTP and the rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes in South Africa, and to determine the reliability of the questionnaire ...
Torpey Kwasi - - 2010
Guidelines for initiating ART recommend pregnancy testing, typically a urine test, as part of the basic laboratory package. The principal reason for this recommendation is that Efavirenz, a first-line antiretroviral medication, has the potential of causing birth defects when used in the first trimester of pregnancy and is therefore contraindicated ...
Pembe Andrea B - - 2010
The high rate of antenatal care attendance in sub-Saharan Africa, should facilitate provision of information on signs of potential pregnancy complications. The aim of this study was to assess quality of antenatal care with respect to providers' counselling of pregnancy danger signs in Rufiji district, Tanzania. A cross-sectional study was ...
Al-Sahab Ban - - 2010
In spite of the evidence supporting the importance of breastfeeding during the first year of life, data on breastfeeding practices remain limited in Canada. The study aimed to examine the prevalence and predictors of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding among Canadian women. The analysis was based on the Maternity Experience Survey targeting ...
Smith Debbie M - - 2010
Obesity is a global public health issue. Having a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or more (classifying a person as obese) at the start of pregnancy is a significant risk factor for maternal and fetal morbidity. There is a dearth of evidence to inform suitable interventions to support pregnant women with ...
Robinson Hilde Stendal - - 2010
Recent studies have shown high prevalence rates for pelvic girdle pain (PGP) in pregnancy. Some risk factors for developing PGP have been suggested, but the evidence is weak. Furthermore there is almost no data on how findings from clinical examinations are related to subsequent PGP. The main purpose for this ...
Pratinidhi Asha - - 2010
Use of 'Mishri' (Tobacco containing teeth cleaning powder) is common in the central and southern part of India. To study the effects of Mishri use on the fetus during pregnancy and the perinatal outcome, and stopping its use. All apparently healthy pregnant women were enrolled at 20 weeks of gestation ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2010
The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the current state of knowledge regarding the experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy. Pregnancy IPV is a significant problem worldwide, with rates varying significantly by country and maternal risk factors. Pregnancy IPV is associated with adverse newborn ...
Nunes Maria A - - 2010
Woman's nutritional status, before and during pregnancy, is a strong determinant of health outcomes in the mother and newborn. Gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention increases risk of overweight or obesity in the future and they depend on the pregestational nutritional status and on food consumption and eating behavior ...
Hodnett Ellen D - - 2010
Studies consistently show a relationship between social disadvantage and low birthweight. Many countries have programs offering special assistance to women thought to be at risk for giving birth to a low birthweight infant. These programs may include advice and counseling (about nutrition, rest, stress management, alcohol, and recreational drug use), ...
Mogren Ingrid - - 2010
The Swedish midwife plays a significant role in the antenatal care (ANC) system, and a majority of pregnant women are satisfied with their ANC. Pelvic pain during pregnancy (PP) is prevalent. The study investigated the views, perceptions and attitudes of midwives currently working in ANC regarding PP during pregnancy. The ...
Ergin Tolga T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Acibadem University, Istanbul, - - 2010
Transient osteoporosis of pregnancy is a rarely observed skeletal pathology developing in the last months of pregnancy. Meticulous evaluation is important for the differential diagnosis of severe and progressive hip and/or groin pain in pregnant patients. MRI is a valuable and safe technique for demonstrating bone marrow edema and skeletal ...
Broussard Cheryl S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We estimated the prevalence and patterns of herbal use among US women before and during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: The National Birth Defects Prevention Study is an ongoing, population-based, case-control study. This analysis included 4239 women from 10 centers in the United States who delivered infants without major birth defects ...
Peel Elizabeth - - 2010
Although pregnancy loss is a distressing health event for many women, research typically equates women's experiences of pregnancy loss to 'married heterosexual women's experiences of pregnancy loss'. The objective of this study was to explore lesbian and bisexual women's experiences of miscarriage, stillbirth and neonatal death. This study analysed predominantly ...
Gatrell Caroline - - 2011
This paper contributes to understandings of the relationship between pregnancy, health and place by exploring how health advice on pregnancy may be implemented, in practice, 'at work'. The paper first defines the following of health advice on pregnancy as a form of informal 'carework' which obliges pregnant women to implement ...
Kennedy Holly Powell - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that one-third of women receive information about pregnancy and childbirth through books. Messages about what characteristics are normal (or expected) in childbirth are disseminated in a variety of ways, including popular childbirth education books, but little study of them has been conducted. The purpose of this ...
Avis Hans J - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review aims to highlight the consequences for mother and child of profound hypercholesterolemia during pregnancy of women with familial hypercholesterolemia. RECENT FINDINGS: Familial hypercholesterolemia is increasingly diagnosed in younger patients due to the existence of screening programs and more widespread cholesterol testing. Increasing numbers of ...
Umeora O U J - - 2009
CONTEXT: Accurate obstetric history is of utmost importance in prenatal care to ensure optimal maternal and fetal outcomes. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the accuracy of recalled obstetric history among rural Igbo women of Southeast Nigeria. STUDY DESIGN: Primiparous and multiparous women, who accessed antenatal care in a rural Mission ...
Abbasi-Shavazi Mohammad Jalal - - 2009
Using data from the 2002 Iran Fertility Transition Survey, we examined birth control use between marriage and first pregnancy. We focused on the post-1990 increase in birth control use and develop two explanations. The first posits that birth control use reflects a new marriage form, the conjugal marriage, which places ...
El-Zibdeh Mazen Y - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine whether dydrogesterone helps to preserve pregnancy in women with threatened miscarriage. METHODS: 146 women who presented with mild or moderate vaginal bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy were randomised to receive oral dydrogesterone (10mg b.i.d.) (n=86) or no treatment (n=60). ...
Kuczkowski K M - - 2009
Maternal use of "social drugs" such as caffeine, ethanol and tobacco in pregnancy is on increase- -worldwide. Caffeine is probably the most frequently ingested pharmacologically active substance in the world. It is found in common beverages (coffee, tea, soft drinks), in products containing cocoa or chocolate, and in medications. Because ...
Kavanaugh Megan L - - 2009
Traditional measures of pregnancy intentions that are dichotomous and retrospective do not fully capture the complexity surrounding women's plans to become pregnant. During January-June 2008, 249 women aged 15-44 awaiting pregnancy test results at family planning clinics in Pittsburgh completed a survey containing both single- and multi-item measures of pregnancy ...
Olagbuji Biodun - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the trend and identify associated risk factors for pregnancy-related domestic violence. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 502 women attending the sixth week postnatal clinic in a tertiary hospital in urban Nigeria, participants completed semi-structured questionnaires on experience of domestic violence before and during pregnancy, and in ...
Seefat-van Teeffelen Ans - - 2011
to explore low-risk pregnant women's views on their preferences for psychosocial support from midwives during their transition to motherhood. a qualitative design with focus-group interviews and thematic analysis of the discussions. SETTINGS AND RESPONDENTS: 21 Dutch participants were included in three focus groups. Groups 1 (n=7) and 3 (n=8) consisted ...
Vignes St?phane - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyze subjective influence of pregnancy on lower limb lymphedema. METHOD: Cross-sectional study on 49 affected women was conducted in a single lymphology department between January 2002 and December 2006. All women were asked whether their lymphedema had worsened during pregnancy. RESULTS: Mean age at lymphedema onset was 17 ...
Kumar Jayanth - - 2009
Pregnancy is a unique time in a woman's life and is characterized by complex physiological changes. These changes can adversely affect oral health. Pregnancy is also an opportune time to educate women about preventing dental caries in young children, a common childhood problem. Although multiple studies have shown an association ...
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