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Choi Y Y Department of Biological Science and Technology, IPAID, and Institute of Biomaterials, Yonsei University, Wonju, 220-710, Republic of - - 2014
Calcium ions in the uterine endometrium are essential for the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms of calcium ion regulation in the endometrium are not fully understood. Our previous study in pigs found that calcium regulatory molecules, transient receptor potential, vanilloid type 6 and calbindin-D9K, ...
Zhang Dongxin - - 2013
Preeclampsia, a relatively common pregnancy disorder, is one of the major causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Despite numerous research, the etiology of this syndrome remains not well understood as the pathogenesis of preeclampsia is complex, involving interaction between genetic, immunologic, and environmental factors. Preeclampsia, originating in placenta ...
Cha Jeeyeon - - 2012
Physiological and molecular processes initiated during implantation for pregnancy success are complex but highly organized. This review primarily highlights adverse ripple effects arising from defects during the peri-implantation period that perpetuate throughout pregnancy. These defects are reflected in aberrations in embryo spacing, decidualization, placentation and intrauterine embryonic growth, manifesting in ...
Xiong Fei - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate lymphocyte subpopulations'change and impact on the pregnancy outcome in fetal growth restriction (FGR) through a prospective cohort study. Methods: Sixty singleton pregnancies with FGR and twenty normal pregnant women were enrolled at the third trimester of pregnancy in this study. FGR was defined according to fundal ...
Herberth Gunda - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate to which extent environmental influences like indoor renovation activities affect the immune system of mother and child during the gestation period. Within the LINA (Lifestyle and Environmental Factors and their Influence on Newborn Allergy risk) birth cohort study blood samples of ...
Blanco P G - - 2012
The objective was to verify maternal hemodynamic differences between normal and abnormal pregnancies in dogs. Brucella-negative pregnant bitches (n = 31) were retrospectively classified into abnormal (which had either their pregnancy interrupted between Days 52 and 60 or perinatal death of more than 50% of the litter; n = 14) ...
Cho Yuko - - 2012
We undertook a 25-year observation of a female patient with an unstable variant, Hb Nottingham or β98(FG5)Val→Gly, GTG>GGG. The proband was diagnosed with Hb Nottingham at the age of 9 years. Splenectomy was performed in order to successfully aid her height growth due to chronic anemia at the age of ...
Corrêa Rosana Rosa Miranda - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the mechanisms involved in the etiology of the basement membrane of the amniotic epithelium (BMAE) thickening in patients with hypertensive syndromes in pregnancy (HSP). METHODS: Eighty placentas from patients presenting HSP were morphologically examined in staining through hematoxylin-eosin and periodic acid Schiff method. Placental morphological changes were ...
Dao M C MC Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2013
To ascertain the effect of obesity-related inflammation on maternal and fetal iron status. We hypothesized that obese (Ob) pregnant women would have increased inflammation, hepcidin levels, and that their infants would have impaired iron status compared with lean (Lc) controls. Fifteen Ob and fifteen Lc women were recruited in their ...
Zhong Yiping - - 2012
Background. The aim of the study was to determine the efficacy of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) in patients with hyper-response to ovulation induction for intrauterine insemination (IUI). Methods. Patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who were initially treated with IUI in our centre between Jan 2007 and ...
Lin Tzu-Hung - - 2012
To present intensive intrauterine treatment of recurrent early onset fetal erythroblastosis due to anti-M alloimmunization. A 33-year-old woman, gravid 3, para 1, had anti-M IgG antibody, which caused alloimmunization of her previous pregnancies. This time she visited our hospital for intensive intervention. No evidence of fetal hydrops was found during ...
Saadai Payam - - 2012
Bidirectional trafficking of cells between the mother and the fetus is routine in pregnancy and a component of maternal-fetal tolerance. Changes in fetal-to-maternal cellular trafficking have been reported in prenatal complications, but maternal-to-fetal trafficking has never been studied in the context of fetal intervention. We hypothesized that patients undergoing open ...
Noronha Leela E - - 2012
PROBLEM: Pregnant mares demonstrate a reduction in cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) reactivity against cells from the breeding stallion. We investigated whether this effect is limited to activity against paternal major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens, and whether it occurs during MHC-compatible pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY: Mares were mated to carry MHC-compatible ...
Yurdakök Murat - - 2012
There are several relative (promising regarding a reduction in placenta-mediated complications such as preeclampsia) and absolute (e.g. a recurrent or recent thromboembolic event, mechanical heart valves) reasons for use of anticoagulant drugs during pregnancy. Warfarin readily crosses the placenta because of its low molecular weight, and is associated with a ...
Pedersen Marie - - 2012
Maternal diet can contribute to carcinogenic exposures and also modify effects of environmental exposures on maternal and fetal genetic stability. In this study, associations between maternal diet and the levels of dioxin-like plasma activity, bulky DNA adducts in white blood cells and micronuclei (MN) in lymphocytes from mother to newborns ...
Kim-Fine Shunaha - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To establish gender-specific differences in maternal and fetal immune response in healthy human fetuses at term. Methods: Forty-five women with elective caesarean sections for uncomplicated singleton pregnancies were recruited for two studies. Using a Multiplex Biomarker Immunoassay system, un-stimulated maternal and fetal plasma concentrations of IL-1β, IL-1ra, IL-6, ...
Kita Daisuke - - 2012
Background: Pituitary apoplexy during pregnancy is so rare that only 15 cases (12 pituitary adenomas, 2 lymphocytic neurohypophysitis, and 1 normal pituitary gland) have been published to date. Here, we report the case of a pregnant woman presenting with pituitary apoplexy from a nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma and provide a possible ...
Kacerovsky Marian - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The main aim of this study was to determine the levels of cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and the cortisol/DHEA-S ratio in the umbilical cord blood according to the presence of histological chorioamnionitis and fetal inflammatory response in pregnancies complicated by prelabor rupture of membranes at fewer than ...
Sagesaka Toshiaki - - 2012
We measured the time of initiation of blood coagulation (Ti) from pregnancy 10-months (36~40 weeks) till 1-month after delivery, paying particular attention to the very early postpartum period, using a damped oscillation rheometer that is approximately 160 times more sensitive than the Thromboelastogram® to evaluate the risk of thrombus formation. ...
Madkaikar Manisha Rajan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To optimize a simple flowcytometric technique for Prenatal diagnosis (PND) for Leukocyte adhesions defect (LAD-I) on cordocentesis sample at 18 wk gestation. METHODS: Normal reference ranges for expression of CD18/CD11-integrins in neutrophils and lymphocytes at 18 wk of gestation were established by flowcytometry. PND for LAD-I was then performed on the ...
Kim Min Jung - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of trace mineral supplements near the time of ovulation on the number of ovulated oocytes, in vivo oocyte maturation and pregnancy for dog cloning. Sixteen oocyte donor dogs were used in each control and mineral supplement group, and 136 and ...
Vecchio D - - 2012
The aim of this study was to ascertain corpus luteum (CL) development and function in buffaloes synchronized and mated by artificial insemination (AI) during the breeding season. Italian Mediterranean buffalo cows (n = 43) at 86.5 ± 2.7 days postpartum were synchronized by the Ovsynch-TAI Program and inseminated using frozen ...
Klein Sabine - - 2012
Growth hormone (GH) has been shown to be released by immune cells in vitro. Thus, the intracellular confinement of GH immunoreactivity was investigated in cultured bovine lymphocytes using con-focal microscopy. Peripheral blood lymphocytes from cows in early pregnancy (10-20days post insemination; pi) or during mid-pregnancy (day 110-140 pi) were harvested ...
Perricone Carlo - - 2012
Successful pregnancy is considered a Th1-Th2 cooperation phenomenon (Th, T-helper), with a predominantly Th2-type lymphocytes response, together with the emerging role of interleukin (IL)-12, IL-15 and IL-18 and of other unidentified soluble factors dependent on natural killer (NK) cells. In the pathogenesis of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA), immunological factors have ...
Ousey J C - - 2012
Aged mares with endometrosis suffer higher rates of pregnancy loss than young mares, due to poor placental development. Reduced uterine blood supply may be one contributory factor. To measure uterine artery (UA) blood flow and other Doppler indices throughout pregnancy and compare placental and foal development in young mares and ...
Pavlovsky Carolina - - 2012
Excellent response rates and a good quality of life have been observed since the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treatment. Consequently, some challenges began to appear in CML women in child-bearing age wishing to become pregnant. Currently, many women around the world are in ...
Prout Andrew P - - 2012
Fetal hypoxic episodes may occur antepartum with the potential to induce systemic and cerebral inflammatory responses thereby contributing to brain injury. We hypothesized that intermittent umbilical cord occlusions (UCOs) of sufficient severity but without cumulative acidosis will lead to a fetal inflammatory response. Thirty-one chronically instrumented fetal sheep at ∼0.85 ...
Akhtar Muhammad Ahsan MA Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Southport and Ormskirk Hospital NHS Trust, Southport, UK. - - 2012
A 36-year-old amenorrhoeic patient presented with vague abdominal discomfort, and haemodynamic instability, a large haemoperitoneum was identified on transvaginal ultrasound. Ruptured tubal ectopic pregnancy was suspected. At laparotomy ruptured primary tubal ectopic pregnancy was identified, with 12-14 week secondary abdominal pregnancy implanted onto the omentum, confirmed by histopathology. Salpingo-oophrectomy with ...
Jasović-Siveska Emiija - - 2011
The study was designed to determine the accuracy of using systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and increase of blood pressure (BP) to predict Preeclampsia (PE). We examined 300 normotensive and 100 PE pregnancies divided in two subgroups: mild (n = 67) and severe (n ...
Ngai Fei-Wan - - 2011
The changes in and relationships among stress, maternal role competence, and satisfaction in the perinatal period were examined using a longitudinal design. A convenience sample of 78 first-time Chinese mothers completed assessments of stress and maternal role competence during pregnancy and at 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. Maternal stress ...
Habek Dubravko - - 2011
A rare clinical case of intraplacental intervillous hemorrhage (Kline's hemorrhage) is presented. After delivery of a premature newborn (810 g/35 cm) in 27th week of uncomplicated pregnancy, peripartum observation of the premature placenta (270 g, 16 x 16 x 1.8) suggested multiple intraplacental cavernae with semifluid blood and fresh coagula ...
Diamond-Smith Nadia - - 2011
More than 99% of maternal deaths occur in low-resource settings; in parts of the developing world, as many as one in six women die of maternal causes. Currently, seven developing countries-Afghanistan, Angola, Malawi, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Tanzania-have maternal mortality ratios of at least 1,400 maternal deaths per 100,000 ...
Johnson Crista E - - 2011
Introduction.  Pregnancy and childbirth is a special period in a woman's life, which involves significant physical, hormonal, psychological, social, and cultural changes that may influence her own sexuality as well as the health of a couple's sexual relationship. Aim.  To comprehensively review the literature on the effects of pregnancy and ...
Roos Annerine - - 2011
In non-pregnant individuals, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is involved in the regulation of emotion, and appears to play a role in anxiety. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) detects cortical neural activation without harmful radiation making it safe for use in pregnancy. The aims of this study were to assess neural circuitry involved ...
Gaston Anca - - 2011
The mental and physical health benefits of exercise during pregnancy highlight the importance of understanding the determinants of pregnant women's physical activity. This paper presents a review of the existing research on pregnancy and physical activity, in order to (a) summarize the existing body of literature since 1986 examining changes ...
Schwartz Paul J - - 2011
Being born in the winter and spring significantly increases one's risk for developing schizophrenia. This birth seasonality may account for as many as 10% of all cases of schizophrenia. Maternal third trimester infections or vitamin D deficiencies are hypothesized to be the most likely cause and can account for many ...
Tendais Iva - - 2011
This study examines physical activity patterns among women, from pre-pregnancy to the second trimester of pregnancy, and the relationship between physical activity status based on physical activity guidelines and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and depression over pregnancy. 56 healthy pregnant women self-reported physical activity, HRQoL and depression at 10-15 ...
Buist Anne - - 2011
There are limited studies of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) across pregnancy. Women (n = 2793) were enrolled in the Yale Pink and Blue study, a cohort enriched with subjects who suffered from major depressive disorder (MDD) within the past five years or used antidepressants in the past year. Subjects were ...
Bronson Stefanie L - - 2011
Maternal infection during pregnancy elevates risk for schizophrenia and related disorders in offspring. Converging evidence suggests the maternal inflammatory response mediates the interaction between maternal infection, altered brain development, and behavioral outcome. The extent to which individual differences in the maternal response to immune challenge influence the development of these ...
Perez-Borrego Y Y FENNSI Group, Hospital Nacional de Parapléjicos, SESCAM, Toledo, - - 2011
Plasticity of sensory function has become an object of study because of its proposed role in the recovery of function after central nervous system damage. Normal pregnancy may provide a useful in vivo model to study the effects of progressive reduction in the abdominal skin receptor density. As such changes ...
Ajala O O - - 2011
The erythrocytic parameters during pregnancy and pseudopregnancy in bitches were studied and compared in 8 bitches aged 2 -3 years and weighing 10-12 kg. Blood samples were collected from the bitches before mating, during the three trimesters of pregnancy and the post partum period. The packed cell volume (PCV %), ...
Powsner Seth - - 2011
Nau et al. describe a woman with schizophrenia who remains in denial of her pregnancy. They raise several legal issues including involuntary commitment, capacity to decide treatment, and conservancy. They review potentially pertinent legal decisions that might inform treatment decisions of women who refuse care during pregnancy. They then conclude ...
Meyer Urs - - 2011
Maternal infection and/or inflammation during pregnancy has been repeatedly shown to elevate the risk of schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders in offspring. However, the relative contribution of such immune-related prenatal insults to specific neuropathological outcomes in schizophrenia remains essentially unknown. The study by Ellman et al. is the first to ...
Pompeii Lisa A - - 2011
To examine, in light of vague professional guidelines, current obstetrical recommendations for pregnant women engaging in occupational activities. A survey mailed to obstetricians/gynecologists in Texas ascertained data about occupational activity information collected from patients in the prenatal period and recommended activities to avoid, including activities addressed in the American Medical ...
Harrison Cheryce L - - 2011
Currently, little is known about physical activity patterns in pregnancy with prior estimates predominantly based on subjective assessment measures that are prone to error. Given the increasing obesity rates and the importance of physical activity in pregnancy, we evaluated the relationship and agreement between subjective and objective physical activity assessment ...
Yoshida Masashi M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Defense Medical College, 3-2 Namiki Tokorozawa, Saitama 3598513, - - 2011
Object. We present here the case of severe fetal anemia caused by anti-E antibody positive, which showed a favorable course only with fetal intraperitoneal administration of immunoglobulin. Case. The mother was 31 years old, blood type B Rh : CCDee, gravida 1, with no history of transfusion. Anti-E antibody was detected in ...
Massey Suena H - - 2011
Pregnancy is a time of relative urgency and opportunity for the treatment of substance use disorders in women, yet little is known about modifiable factors that contribute to successful abstinence. We examined self-worth, depression, anxiety, and novelty seeking in the context of substance use cessation during pregnancy in a sample ...
Gunawardana Lihini L Department of Psychological Medicine and Neurology, MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, Cardiff University, - - 2011
Children and adolescents who report psychotic symptoms in non-clinical samples are at an increased risk of developing schizophrenia. Study of such 'high risk' groups may increase our understanding of early risk factors for psychotic illnesses. Maternal infection during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia in the offspring, ...
Duff Patrick - - 2010
I propose a simple, evidence-based, eight-item checklist that, if followed, should reduce the frequency of many of the most serious complications associated with cesarean delivery: endometritis, wound infection, wound disruption, thrombophlebitis, and uterine scar dehiscence in a subsequent pregnancy. The frequency of abdominal wound infections can be reduced significantly by ...
Namazi Mohammad Reza - - 2011
Fetal wound healing occurs rapidly and without scar formation early in gestation. Studying the mechanisms of scarless repair can lead to novel scar-preventive approaches. In fetal wounds, collagen is deposited early and is fine and reticular with less cross-linking. Several important differences of fetal vs. postgestational wound-healing response have been ...
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