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Yamashita Shuichiro - - 2007
The relationship between the steepness of the articular eminence and the condylar positioning during clenching was investigated in 19 volunteers with natural dentitions. The condylar positioning during maximal voluntary contraction was measured using a mandibular movement analysis system with six degrees of freedom. The sagittal condylar guide inclination was also ...
Inamadar Arun C - - 2007
A 5-year-old boy was admitted for severe neurological impairment including hypotonia and loss of consciousness without preceding febrile illness. On examination, he had silver colored hair and bronze-tan over photo-exposed body parts. He was born of consanguineous parents and three of his elder siblings, who died in early childhood, had ...
Melrose James - - 2008
The aim of this study was to undertake a detailed analysis of the structure of the inter and intra-lamellar regions of the annulus fibrosus. A total of 30 newborn to 6 year-old lumbar ovine intervertebral discs (IVDs) were fixed and decalcified en-bloc to avoid differential swelling artifacts during processing and ...
Selcuk Adin - - 2008
Tympanosclerotic plaques seen in the middle ear and tympanic membrane as a sequelae of otitis media have different characteristics. Tympanosclerotic plaque consistency shows a wide range from soft to hard during surgical excision and can be classified histologically. The aim of this study is to classify surgically excised tympanosclerotic plaques ...
Dhaifalah I - - 2008
A case of diprosopus twinning which is rare conjoined twinning is reported prenatally at 22 weeks' gestation. 2D ultrasound examinations showed duplication of the craniofacial structures with four hemispheres, two cerebella and two thalami. There were three orbits two external ears, two noses, fused adjacent maxilla and two oral cavities ...
Goodwin Robert S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Buprenorphine is under investigation as a pharmacotherapeutic agent for treating opioid dependence in pregnant women. We hypothesized that there would be a relationship between the cumulative maternal dose of buprenorphine during pregnancy and the concentration of buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine in maternal and infant hair. METHODS: This study examined buprenorphine ...
Judas F - - 2007
Chondrocyte survival is a major goal for the effective storage and clinical performance of human osteochondral allografts. The majority of animal and human cryopreservation studies conducted so far have been performed in small osteochondral cylinders. Using human tibial plateaus as a model for large osteochondral pieces, this work sought to ...
Carini Francesco - - 2007
Temporomandibular joint morphogenesis was studied. Ranging in age of fetuses examined was from 6 to14 weeks' gestation. Our results showed the condyle so first element that appear between 6 degrees and 8 degrees week (condylar blastema). After a week appear temporal elements. Disk appear at the same time of glenoid ...
Croft Alexandra M - - 2007
The main objective of the study was to determine the type of macroscopic trauma created by a flat-tipped and a cross-tipped screwdriver. The second objective was to determine if the trauma inflicted by the two screwdrivers could be macroscopically differentiated. Three tests were conducted, each by a male volunteer. Each ...
Hatch Ekaterina P EP Department of Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-5330, - - 2007
The inner ear, which contains sensory organs specialized for hearing and balance, develops from an ectodermal placode that invaginates lateral to hindbrain rhombomeres (r) 5-6 to form the otic vesicle. Under the influence of signals from intra- and extraotic sources, the vesicle is molecularly patterned and undergoes morphogenesis and cell-type ...
Mazzullo G - - 2007
Conjoined twinnings have been reported in most domestic animal species and in some avian species. Cases of conjoined twins have not been reported in the ostrich so far. A hybrid Blue neck x African black male ostrich conjoined twinning was born at the end of artificial egg incubation and died ...
Cloyd Jordan M - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Quantitative study of elastin content in nondegenerate and degenerate human intervertebral discs. OBJECTIVE: To measure the site-specific changes in elastin content that accompany disc degeneration using a quantitative, dye-binding assay to assess elastin levels. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recently, an abundant and organized network of elastic fibers was ...
Sharma U K - - 2007
Conjoined twin is a sporadic event with prevalence of 1 in 50000 to 1000000 birth. Incomplete division of embryonic disc results in conjoined twin. Ultrasound plays a major role for early detection and proper obstetric management. A case of cephalothoracopagus conjoined twin was detected at 20 weeks pregnancy in a ...
Vanscheidt W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This non-comparative phase II study aimed to evaluate the safety and performance of a non-adhesive gelling foam dressing (GFD-N) in leg ulcer management. METHOD: Forty-six subjects with moderately to heavily exuding leg ulcers were treated with a regimen including GFD-N. Dressings were changed at least every seven days for ...
Dunkin Christopher S J CS Stoke Mandeville Burns and Reconstructive Surgery Research Trust, Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Aylesbury, United Kingdom. - - 2007
The association between scarring and the depth of dermal injury or burn is clinically recognized but not quantified. The authors tested the hypothesis that there is a critical depth beyond which a fibrous scar develops. A novel jig produced a wound that was deep dermal at one end and superficial ...
Mowlavi Arian A Laguna Beach, CA 92651, USA. - - 2007
Incisions made perpendicular to the hair follicles during anterior frontal hairline brow lifts or forehead shortening procedures help produce an inconspicuous forehead scar. The success of this "hidden" incision relies on the anteriorly directed frontal hairline follicles and their growth vector. The authors hypothesized that a similar incision could be ...
Hoedemaker Carlijn - - 2007
A 53-year-old woman with clinical evidence of female pattern hair loss and histological evidence of androgenetic alopecia was initially treated with the oral antiandrogen spironolactone 200 mg daily. Serial scalp photography documented hair regrowth at 12 months; however, the hair regrowth plateaued, and at 24 months there had been no ...
Benson B M - - 2007
AIM: To investigate, in vitro, the effects of radial shock waves on the release of nitric oxide (NO) and synthesis of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and glycosaminoglycan (GAG), and liberation of GAG, from equine articular cartilage explants. METHODS: Equine cartilage from normal metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints was exposed to radial shock ...
Maehara Hideaki - - 2007
To elucidate the specific function of m-calpain in the metabolism of aggrecan in human articular cartilage, the prevalence and localization of a large glycosaminoglycan-bearing aggrecan product generated by m-calpain in human osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage were investigated. Extracts of human OA articular cartilage were analysed by immunostaining using new polyclonal anti-VPGVA ...
Spiess Karin - - 2007
Decidualization in mice comprises a deep remodeling of extracellular matrix (ECM) components of the endometrium. In a previous biochemical study we showed that collagen types I and III are present in both pregnant and nonpregnant mouse endometrium, whereas collagen type V is expressed exclusively after the onset of decidualization. The ...
Momohara Shigeki - - 2007
Biochemical factors play an important role in osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis. The purpose of this study is to clarify whether the dermatan sulfate (DS) levels in the synovial fluid of patients with knee OA are related to residual cartilage. Synovial fluid was obtained from 51 OA patients. Knee radiographs were evaluated ...
Chen Wei - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinases and their tissue-derived inhibitors determine the architecture of the extracellular matrix. In early gestation, the amount and organization of extracellular matrix may be associated with scarless repair of fetal skin wounds. To elucidate the part of the mechanism(s) underlying the phenotypic transition from scarless to scar-forming healing observed ...
Arya Sudesh K - - 2007
To report a case of spontaneous corneal melting in pregnancy. We reviewed the literature on corneal melting and the effect of pregnancy on cornea and collagen containing tissues. A 29-year-old woman who underwent radial keratotomy in both eyes followed by trabeculectomy in her left eye developed corneal melting in the ...
Shoichet Molly S - - 2007
Neuroprotective and neuroregenerative strategies for spinal cord injury repair are limited in part by poor delivery techniques. A novel drug delivery system is being developed in our laboratory that can provide localized release of therapeutically relevant molecules from an injectable hydrogel. Design criteria were established for the hydrogel to be--injectable, ...
Naik-Mathuria Bindi - - 2007
PURPOSE: Fetal dermal wounds heal with minimal inflammation and absent fibrosis. Later in gestation, a transition to adult-like healing with marked inflammation and scarring is observed. Interaction with endothelial cells (ECs) is imperative for leukocyte transmigration, a critical step in the inflammatory cascade. This study was embarked upon to determine ...
Costigan Kathleen A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Folklore can originate by detection of actual associations between seemingly unrelated events and perpetuated through oral tradition. The objective of this study was to determine whether a common pregnancy belief that women who experience a lot of heartburn give birth to newborns with a lot of hair is accurate. ...
Hasson Peleg P Division of Developmental Biology, MRC-National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London NW7 1AA, - - 2007
Tbx5 is essential for initiation of the forelimb, and its deletion in mice results in the failure of forelimb formation. Misexpression of dominant-negative forms of Tbx5 results in limb truncations, suggesting Tbx5 is also required for forelimb outgrowth. Here we show that Tbx5 is expressed throughout the limb mesenchyme in ...
Iwahashi Masaaki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible involvement of collagen in the characteristic structure and function of human corpora lutea (CL), type V collagen expression was determined in the CL tissues during the menstrual cycle and early pregnancy. DESIGN: In vitro experiment. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, ...
Nakamura Eiichiro - - 2006
Cartilage differentiation occurs over a broad time range from early embryonic development, when the mesenchymal condensations that give rise to cartilage models for future bone first appear, and continuing through adult life, when there is ongoing maintenance of articular joint surfaces and re-activation of cartilage formation after fracture. The chondrogenic ...
Hertegård S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to analyze the short-term viscoelastic and histologic properties of scarred rabbit vocal folds after injection of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) as well as the degree of MSC survival. Because MSCs are antiinflammatory and regenerate mesenchymal tissues, can MSC injection reduce vocal fold ...
Al Rabeeah Abdullah - - 2006
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Conjoined twins are rare and complex anomalies of the newborn. They require a highly experienced team and a center equipped to deal with such challenging anatomy. METHOD: A review of 31 sets of conjoined twins was managed by one team over a 15-year period. The spectrum of the anomalies, ...
LaTorre Carmen - - 2006
Macroscale testing of human hair tribological properties has been widely used to aid in the development of better shampoos and conditioners. Recently, literature has focused on using the atomic force microscope (AFM) to study surface roughness, coefficient of friction, adhesive force, and wear (tribological properties) on the nanoscale in order ...
Sears Karen E - - 2006
The earliest fossil bats resemble their modern counterparts in possessing greatly elongated digits to support the wing membrane, which is an anatomical hallmark of powered flight. To quantitatively confirm these similarities, we performed a morphometric analysis of wing bones from fossil and modern bats. We found that the lengths of ...
Schmid O - - 2006
In 1:50 000 to 1:100 000 births, conjoined twins occur, caused by incomplete division of the embryonic disc more than 13 days after fertilisation. We present a case of cephalothoracopagus janiceps, a very rare form of conjoined twins, which was diagnosed at 13 weeks of gestation. Three-dimensional and colour Doppler ...
Regatte Ravinder R - - 2006
PURPOSE: To quantify the spin-lattice relaxation time in the rotating frame (T1rho) in various clinical grades of human osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage specimens obtained from total knee replacement surgery, and to correlate the T1rho with OA disease progression and compare it with the transverse relaxation time (T2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human ...
Iwahashi Masaaki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristic structure and function of human corpora lutea (CL), various types of collagen expression were determined in the CL tissues during the menstrual cycle and early pregnancy. DESIGN: In vitro experiment. SETTING: Department of obstetrics and gynecology at a medical university. PATIENT(S): Regulatory cycling women and ...
Green Lora M - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare chondroplasty performed with an ExoJet high-pressure fluid-driven burr (Mitek, Norwood, MA), a mechanical shaver, and a bipolar radiofrequency (RF) wand on articular cartilage-covered condyles taken from sheep cadavers that were induced to have an osteoarthritic-like condition, and corresponding healthy control tissue. ...
Dauphin A - - 2006
The fungus Pisolithus microcarpus establishes an ectomycorrhiza with Eucalyptus globulus. This symbiosis involves a fungal synthesis and secretion of hypaphorine, an indolic compound. Previous studies have shown that hypaphorine induces an alteration in the actin cytoskeleton of elongating root hairs and inhibits hair elongation. Using an alternative approved method, we ...
Redden Robert A - - 2006
Fibroblasts are important cellular components in wound healing, scar formation, and fibrotic disorders; and the fibroblast-populated collagen-gel (FPCG) model allows examination of fibroblast behavior in an in vitro three-dimensional environment similar to that in vivo. Contraction of free-floating FPCGs depends on an active and dynamic cytoskeleton, and the contraction dynamics ...
Apprey Maurice - - 2006
In many analyses, patients and analysts alike consciously or unconsciously wound each other. In intercultural analyses, these woundings may take on an extra bite. The author suggests that treatments can be viewed according to the following phenomenology: There are (1) sedimentations of history, which are (2) reactivated, and (3) subsequently ...
Shinmyo Lia Mayumi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although the loss of pubic hair is a relatively frequent condition, there have been few reports about pubic hair restoration. This report aims to describe the demarcation and technical guidelines for pubic hair restoration using follicular micrografts. METHODS: Demarcation is described and based on anatomic parameters such as the ...
McMahon C J - - 2006
In this study, we correlated cardiac malformations in the various types of conjoined twins with the proposed site of embryologic union and evaluated the possibility of survival after surgical separation. We conclude that surgical separation is only very rarely successful in twins with united hearts, whereas survival in twins with ...
Wolf Erik - - 2005
According to the International Standards Organization 2631-1 standard on human vibration, individuals in a seated position are at risk of injury due to whole-body vibrations when exposed for long periods of time. Wheelchair users fit this description perfectly; however, little research has been conducted to evaluate the amount of vibration ...
Charles Adrian - - 2005
We present a case of triplets, 2 of whom were monochorionic diamniotic conjoined fetuses, and the other triplet was in a separate chorion. The pregnancy followed in vitro fertilization with 2 embryo transfers and the conjoined fetuses developed from a single embryo. An early ultrasound showed 2 embryos attached to ...
Pajkrt Eva - - 2005
Conjoined twins are a rare and complex complication of monozygotic twinning, which is associated with high perinatal mortality. Early prenatal diagnosis of conjoined twins allows better counselling of the parents regarding the management options, including continuation of pregnancy with post-natal surgery, termination of pregnancy or selective fetocide in case of ...
Maymon Ron - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Descriptions of the rarely occurring condition of conjoined twins are sparse. METHODS: We report a case series of four conjoined twin pregnancies diagnosed up to 16 weeks of gestation. One was in a quadruplet in vitro fertilization intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF-ICSI) pregnancy of cryopreserved embryos and the others were ...
D'Havé Helga - - 2005
Few data are available on brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in terrestrial mammalian wildlife. Moreover, the use of hair in nondestructive monitoring of BFRs in mammals or humans has not been investigated. In the present study, concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and brominated biphenyl 153 (BB 153) were analyzed in ...
Oxley Jimmie C - - 2005
The sorption of explosives (TNT, RDX, PETN, TATP, EGDN) to hair during exposure to their vapors is examined. Three colors of hair were simultaneously exposed to explosive vapor. Following exposure of hair, the sorbed explosive was removed by extraction with acetonitrile and quantified. Results show that sorption of explosives, via ...
Franssen R Adam - - 2005
Salamanders are infrequently mentioned in analyses of tetrapod limb formation, as their development varies considerably from that of amniotes. However, urodeles provide an opportunity to study how limb ontogeny varies with major differences in life history. Here we assess limb development in Desmognathus aeneus, a direct-developing salamander, and compare it ...
Zeng Xiaokun - - 2005
Retention of lipoproteins to proteoglycans in the subendothelial matrix (SEM) is an early event in atherosclerosis. We recently reported that collagen XVIII and its proteolytically released fragment endostatin (ES) are differentially depleted in blood vessels affected by atherosclerosis. Loss of collagen XVIII/ES in atherosclerosis-prone mice enhanced plaque neovascularization and increased ...
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