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Namazi Mohammad Reza - - 2011
Fetal wound healing occurs rapidly and without scar formation early in gestation. Studying the mechanisms of scarless repair can lead to novel scar-preventive approaches. In fetal wounds, collagen is deposited early and is fine and reticular with less cross-linking. Several important differences of fetal vs. postgestational wound-healing response have been ...
Dziechciarz Piotr - - 2010
To systematically evaluate the effects of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) supplementation of pregnant and/or lactating women on the neurodevelopment and visual function of their children. Systematic review. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing n-3 LCPUFA maternal supplementation were identified through electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library) and ...
Larson Barrett J - - 2010
Scar formation is a major medical problem that can have devastating consequences for patients. The adverse physiological and psychological effects of scars are broad, and there are currently no reliable treatments to prevent scarring. In contrast to adult wounds, early gestation fetal skin wounds repair rapidly and in the absence ...
Tong Yongpeng - - 2011
In order to study the daily Pb absorption in fetus and to monitor the main Pb sources in prenatal fetus, we have investigated several cases of Pb distribution along the longitudinal axis of fetal hair. The changes of Pb levels in the pregnancy period, even the daily changes of Pb ...
Schreiber Courtney A - - 2011
The study was conducted to assess socio-behavioral and biological factors associated with unplanned pregnancy in the US cohort of a microbicide trial. We conducted a mixed-method, nested case-control study of risk factors for pregnancy within the US cohort of the microbicide trial HPTN 035. We developed an instrument to assess ...
Akins Meredith L - - 2010
We use second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy to assess changes in collagen structure of murine cervix during cervical remodeling of normal pregnancy and in a preterm birth model. Visual inspection of SHG images revealed substantial changes in collagen morphology throughout normal gestation. SHG images collected in both the forward and ...
Hosper Nynke A - - 2010
In spina bifida the neural tube fails to close during the embryonic period and it is thought that prolonged exposure of the unprotected spinal cord to the amniotic fluid during pregnancy causes additional neural damage. Intra-uterine repair might protect the neural tissue from exposure to amniotic fluid and might reduce ...
O'Brien Lisa - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Depression and other psychiatric illnesses are common during pregnancy and are often treated with antidepressants. Physiological changes of pregnancy may alter the pharmacokinetics of medications and ultimately affect the dose required to maintain effective therapy. Human hair offers a safe, non-invasive way to monitor long term systemic exposures to ...
Huisman Thierry A G M - - 2010
Conjoined twinning is a very rare occurrence with no genetic predisposition. Twisting of conjoined twins around the axis of their connecting tissue bridge, close to the third trimester, has not been previously reported. We describe a unique case of in utero twisting of conjoined omphalopagus twins who survived without any ...
Yoshimasu Kouichi - - 2009
Although maternal smoking during pregnancy has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of offspring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Western countries, there is no empirical evidence in non-Caucasian. Purpose of the present study is to examine the relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring ADHD in Japanese ...
Poret Helene - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of conjoined twins after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and transfer of a single day 2 embryo. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 30-year-old woman underwent ICSI with a transfer of a single day 2 embryo. INTERVENTION(S): Vaginal ultrasound examination was performed during early ...
O'Brien Lisa - - 2009
A novel method is described to investigate changes in the drug metabolizing capacity of CYP2D6 during pregnancy using hair analysis.
Coolen Neeltje A - - 2010
Healing of early-gestation fetal wounds results in scarless healing. Since the capacity for regeneration is probably inherent to the fetal skin itself, knowledge of the fetal skin composition may contribute to the understanding of fetal wound healing. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression profiles of different ...
Sehn E - - 2009
The aim of this work is to investigate the dynamics of reepithelialisation and the penetration rate of a propolis ointment formulation during cutaneous wounds healing. The experiments were performed as a function of the treatment time in a well controlled group of rats. We observed that the propolis ointment influenced ...
Amin Shilpa - - 2010
The evaluation of vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain in the first trimester of pregnancy is an important component of emergency physician training. The increased use of bedside sonography by emergency physicians in the evaluation of these patients requires knowledge about the normal anatomy, variants, abnormal findings and their appearance on ...
Winkler Nicole - - 2008
Conjoined twins are a rare complication of monochorionic twinning. Although most conjoined twins are stillborn or die in the newborn period, surgical advances are such that many parents will continue a pregnancy in the hopes that live born infants can be separated. Well-described types of conjoined twins account for most ...
Kirschbaum Clemens - - 2009
Hair has long been used in toxicology, forensic science, doping control and other fields as a biological specimen for the detection of environmental agents, drugs, or toxins. Most recent evidence suggests that also hormones are incorporated and trapped inside the growing hair. This has led to the hypothesis that cortisol ...
Ralph A C - - 2008
For any particular Karle-Hauptman matrix, a bijective mapping exists between the eigenvalue spectrum of the matrix and the set of structure-factor phases, given enough phase constraints. For a matrix of order n + 1 with no symmetry-equivalent reflections, n + 1 phases need to be fixed. Only a small subset ...
Chua-Gocheco Angela - - 2008
Several of my pregnant patients who are hairdressers have asked me if exposure to products they use is harmful to their unborn babies. They also want to know if their pregnant clients' personal use of hair products should be of concern. There is no evidence of teratogenic effects for pregnant ...
Akhtar Saeed - - 2008
PURPOSE: Collagen fibrils and proteoglycans are the main components of the corneal extracellular matrix and corneal transparency depends crucially on their proper arrangement. In the present study, we investigated the formation of collagen fibrils and proteoglycans in the developing cornea of the zebrafish, a model organism used to study vertebrate ...
Garnero Patrick - - 2008
Fracture efficacy of PTH and alendronate (ALN) is only partly explained by changes in BMD, and bone collagen properties have been suggested to play a role. We analyzed the effects of PTH(1-84) and ALN on urinary alphaalpha/betabeta CTX ratio, a marker of type I collagen isomerization and maturation in postmenopausal ...
Tan Huaping - - 2009
Poly(lactide-co-glycotide) (PLGA) microspheres integrated into gelatin/chitosan/hyaluronan scaffolds were fabricated by freeze-drying and crosslinking with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl)carbodiimide. The effects of the microspheres on porosity, density, compressive modulus, phosphate-buffered saline uptake ratio and weight loss of the scaffolds were evaluated. Generally, a scaffold with a higher PLGA content had a lower porosity ...
Kathuria Neeraj - - 2009
Elastic chitosan-gelatin cryogels of varying concentration of polymer precursors have been synthesized using glutaraldehyde as a crosslinking agent. The optimum co-polymer ratio of chitosan to gelatin was found to be 1:4 at the temperature of -12 degrees C for synthesis of chitosan-gelatin hybrid cryogels. chitosan-gelatin cryogels synthesized with low viscosity ...
Pascual Gemma - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to assess the early host tissue incorporation of several polypropylene lightweight (PP-LW) meshes used to repair abdominal wall defects and to correlate collagen deposition with the biomechanical response shown by PP-LW versus polypropylene heavyweight (PP-HW) meshes. METHODS: Ventral hernial defects (7 x 5 cm) were ...
Esther Robert J - - 2008
One proposed mechanism of tendon lengthening is the "sliding fibril" hypothesis, in which tendons lengthen through the sliding of discontinuous fibrils after release of decorin-fibronectin interfibrillar bonds. The pentapeptide NKISK has been reported to inhibit the binding of decorin, a proteoglycan on the surface of collagen fibrils, to fibronectin, a ...
Hafezi Farhad - - 2008
Iatrogenic keratectasia after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) represents a serious complication of refractive laser surgery. We describe a woman who developed bilateral iatrogenic keratectasia during her first pregnancy 26 months after LASIK. Corneal collagen crosslinking (CCL) with riboflavin and ultraviolet-A was performed in March 2005 (right eye) and April ...
Malgouries Sylvain - - 2008
Heparanase is a heparan sulphate endo-glycosidase which was previously detected in the outer root sheath of murine hair follicles. Heparanase overexpression was reported to improve mouse hair (re)growth. In this study, we investigated its involvement in human hair biology. Immunofluorescence detection was used to explore heparanase distribution in both anagen ...
Naik-Mathuria Bindi - - 2008
During early gestation, fetal wounds heal with paucity of inflammation and absent scar formation. P-selectin is an adhesion molecule that is important for leukocyte recruitment to injury sites. We used a murine fetal wound healing model to study the specific contribution of P-selectin to scarless wound repair. Linear excisional wounds ...
Jain Kunoor - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cell signaling pathways underlying wound repair are under extensive investigation; however, there is still a poor understanding of the mechanisms orchestrating these processes. Hox genes, which are a subgroup of homeobox genes, encode for a family of transcription factors that play a critical role in tissue migration and cell ...
Drake E - - 2008
We report the successful caesarean delivery of craniopagus conjoined twins in a 21-year-old using a neuraxial technique. Early diagnosis at 19(+5) weeks of gestation enabled thorough multidisciplinary antepartum planning. The multidisciplinary approach aimed to reduce maternal and fetal morbidity. Teams involved in the delivery included the specialities of obstetrics, neonatology, ...
Sakai Shingo - - 2008
Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) permits non-invasive visualization of dermal birefringence, mainly due to collagenous structures. The purpose of this study is to use PS-OCT to assess intrinsic-age-related and photo-age-related differences in three-dimensional dermal birefringence. We measured dermal birefringence of the cheek skin and photo-protected interior upper arm skin from ...
Buhler Rogerio Borghi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the presence and distribution of collagen fibers and versican in human vocal fold lamina propria of fetal larynges. STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional analysis of cadaveric vocal folds of human fetuses. METHODS: Seven fetal larynges obtained from 28- to 36-week-old fetuses were analyzed with the Picrosirius-polarization method, immunohistochemistry, ...
Kiviranta P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Mechanical indentation and ultrasound (US) indentation instruments have been introduced for quantitative assessment of cartilage properties in vivo. In this study, we compared capabilities of these instruments to determine properties of healthy and spontaneously degenerated human patellar cartilage in situ and to diagnose the early stages of osteoarthritis (OA). ...
Harish B G - - 2008
A triterpene compound lupeol isolated from petroleum ether extract of leaves of Celastrus paniculatus was screened for wound healing activity (8 mg/ml of 0.2% sodium alginate gel) by excision, incision and dead space wound models on Swiss Albino rats (175-225 g). In lupeol treated groups wound healing activity was more ...
Araujo-Bazán Lidia - - 2008
AbpA, SlaB and AmpA, three demonstrated components of the endocytic internalization machinery, are strongly polarized in Aspergillus nidulans hyphae, forming a ring that embraces the hyphal tip, leaving an area of exclusion at the apex. AbpA, a prototypic endocytic internalization marker, localizes to highly motile and transient (average half life, ...
Nakahara Kuniaki - - 2008
A female infant developed hydrocephalus as a result of intraventricular hemorrhage related to premature birth. Radiography showed no sign of lacunar skull deformity (LSD). Lateral and fourth ventricle ventriculoperitoneal shunts were placed. The fourth ventricle shunt required replacement at age 3 years. Radiography and computed tomography showed LSD. Follow-up radiography ...
Razagui Ibrahim B-A - - 2008
A comparative evaluation of three washing methods for removing exogenous elemental contamination from fetal scalp hair is described. A total of 12 samples, including 6 from normal pregnancies and 6 from abruptio placentae (AP) cases, were used. Each was divided into four subsamples, with one left unwashed for comparison, while ...
Mendilcioglu Inanc - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of conjoined twins in a trichorionic quadruplet pregnancy after ovulation induction with clomiphene citrate for anovulation. METHODS: The diagnosis of a trichorionic quadruplet pregnancy was made in routine ultrasound at 11 weeks' gestation. RESULTS: Conjoined twinning was thoracopagus and presented with increased nuchal translucency. Selective ...
Lademann J - - 2008
Eighty percent of hair follicles are in the growing phase. They grow approximately 0.3 mm/day. The hair follicles are surrounded by a close network of capillaries, which supplies them with nutrients. It is well known that substances which influence the metabolic processes of humans also influence hair growth. Steroids, which ...
Sakamoto Mineshi - - 2008
Methylmercury (MeHg) is one of the most hazardous substances that affects the fetus through fish consumption. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in the level of exposure to MeHg by assessing the mercury (Hg) concentrations of the segmental hair at parturition and 3 months after parturition, ...
Yamashita Shuichiro - - 2007
The relationship between the steepness of the articular eminence and the condylar positioning during clenching was investigated in 19 volunteers with natural dentitions. The condylar positioning during maximal voluntary contraction was measured using a mandibular movement analysis system with six degrees of freedom. The sagittal condylar guide inclination was also ...
Inamadar Arun C - - 2007
A 5-year-old boy was admitted for severe neurological impairment including hypotonia and loss of consciousness without preceding febrile illness. On examination, he had silver colored hair and bronze-tan over photo-exposed body parts. He was born of consanguineous parents and three of his elder siblings, who died in early childhood, had ...
Melrose James - - 2008
The aim of this study was to undertake a detailed analysis of the structure of the inter and intra-lamellar regions of the annulus fibrosus. A total of 30 newborn to 6 year-old lumbar ovine intervertebral discs (IVDs) were fixed and decalcified en-bloc to avoid differential swelling artifacts during processing and ...
Selcuk Adin - - 2008
Tympanosclerotic plaques seen in the middle ear and tympanic membrane as a sequelae of otitis media have different characteristics. Tympanosclerotic plaque consistency shows a wide range from soft to hard during surgical excision and can be classified histologically. The aim of this study is to classify surgically excised tympanosclerotic plaques ...
Dhaifalah I - - 2008
A case of diprosopus twinning which is rare conjoined twinning is reported prenatally at 22 weeks' gestation. 2D ultrasound examinations showed duplication of the craniofacial structures with four hemispheres, two cerebella and two thalami. There were three orbits two external ears, two noses, fused adjacent maxilla and two oral cavities ...
Goodwin Robert S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Buprenorphine is under investigation as a pharmacotherapeutic agent for treating opioid dependence in pregnant women. We hypothesized that there would be a relationship between the cumulative maternal dose of buprenorphine during pregnancy and the concentration of buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine in maternal and infant hair. METHODS: This study examined buprenorphine ...
Judas F - - 2007
Chondrocyte survival is a major goal for the effective storage and clinical performance of human osteochondral allografts. The majority of animal and human cryopreservation studies conducted so far have been performed in small osteochondral cylinders. Using human tibial plateaus as a model for large osteochondral pieces, this work sought to ...
Carini Francesco - - 2007
Temporomandibular joint morphogenesis was studied. Ranging in age of fetuses examined was from 6 to14 weeks' gestation. Our results showed the condyle so first element that appear between 6 degrees and 8 degrees week (condylar blastema). After a week appear temporal elements. Disk appear at the same time of glenoid ...
Croft Alexandra M - - 2007
The main objective of the study was to determine the type of macroscopic trauma created by a flat-tipped and a cross-tipped screwdriver. The second objective was to determine if the trauma inflicted by the two screwdrivers could be macroscopically differentiated. Three tests were conducted, each by a male volunteer. Each ...
Hatch Ekaterina P - - 2007
The inner ear, which contains sensory organs specialized for hearing and balance, develops from an ectodermal placode that invaginates lateral to hindbrain rhombomeres (r) 5-6 to form the otic vesicle. Under the influence of signals from intra- and extraotic sources, the vesicle is molecularly patterned and undergoes morphogenesis and cell-type ...
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