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Zhang Joy Y JY Vitamin D Research Group, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork,Cork,Republic of - - 2014
Nutritional requirements for vitamin D during pregnancy have been inadequately described, and there are conflicting data on the impact of gestation on vitamin D status. In the present study, we conducted a longitudinal analysis of total and free (unbound) serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) and albumin concentrations ...
Shankar H H All India Institute of Medical Sciences , Ansari Nagar, New Delhi , - - 2014
Pregnancy is accompanied by several haemodynamic, biochemical and haematological changes, which may lead to severe problems, if they are not suitably addressed. The current study highlights the haematological and biochemical differences observed in anaemic (AP) and non-anaemic primigravida (NAP), at their 2nd trimester, in a north Indian population. There were ...
van der Wijden Carla L CL Department of Public & Occupational Health and EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Gynecology, Medisch Centrum Jan van Goyen, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Childbearing is considered to be a significant risk factor for developing overweight and obesity. Physical activity might influence weight change via hormonal changes. To test the hypothesis that higher levels of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) are positively associated with maternal insulin sensitivity, and reduce IGF-1, IGFBP-3, leptin ...
Teofilo Marcella Martins Alves MM Nutritional Epidemiology Observatory, Department of Social and Applied Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition Josué de Castro, Rio de Janeiro Federal University, RJ, Brazil; Graduate Program in Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition Josué de Castro, Rio de Janeiro Federal University, RJ, - - 2014
Serum lipids have been associated with depression in the adult population; however, this association during pregnancy remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between serum lipids and depressive symptom scores during pregnancy. A prospective cohort of 238 pregnant women was followed at the 5th-13th, 20th-26th ...
McCrory Jean L JL Division of Exercise Physiology, Department of Human Performance and Applied Exercise Science, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA; Department of Health and Physical Activity, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although pregnant women are anecdotally said to "waddle" during gait, researchers have not quantified the kinematics of these gait alterations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pregnancy on thoracic and pelvic kinematics during gait. Data were collected on 29 pregnant subjects in the mid-second and ...
Koo Fan-Hlan FH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Early fetal structure evaluation is crucial. Fetal abnormalities might indicate chromosomal anomalies or abnormal fetal growth. The aim of this study was to establish the appropriate reference range of maxillary and mandibular angles among the Taiwanese population at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks of gestation in normal singleton pregnancy as reference values for prenatal ...
Olagbuji B N BN Women's and Adolescent Health Research Initiative; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ekiti State University; Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, - - 2014
Background: Fetal movement, a sign of life, is widely considered as an indicator of fetal health status. Therefore, perceived alteration in regular fetal movement after the age of viability may signify impending adverse perinatal outcome. Aims: This study aimed to determine maternal knowledge, behavior, and concerns about abnormal fetal movement ...
Meng Xinyue X Department of Ultrasound, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine reference values and ranges for brainstem-vermis (BV) angle and brainstem-tentorium (BT) angle and to assess the correlation among these angles, fetal gender and gestational age (GA) in 221 fetuses between 20 and 37 wk. The angles of the BV and BT were measured ...
Hantoushzadeh Sedigheh S Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Vali-asr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Abstract Objective:To assess maternal perception of fetal movement types and its association with maternal factors in normal pregnancies with good pregnancy outcome. Methods:This study was conducted on 729 normotensive singleton pregnant women with good pregnancy outcome who had referred for prenatal visit. After completing a questionnaire, the participants were asked ...
Butcher M M Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, - - 2014
Prevention of aortocaval compression is essential for effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation in late pregnancy. This can be achieved by either lateral maternal tilt or lateral uterine displacement. Results from a previous manikin study show that a firm foam-rubber wedge allowed successful chest compressions whilst providing stable and reliable lateral tilt. However, ...
Reissland N N Department of Psychology, Durham University, Durham, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Human lateralized behaviors relate to the asymmetric development of the brain. Research of the prenatal origins of laterality is equivocal with some studies suggesting that fetuses exhibit lateralized behavior and other not finding such laterality. Given that by around 22weeks gestation the left cerebral hemisphere compared to the right is ...
Hall Judith G JG Departments of Medical Genetics and Pediatrics, University of British Columbia and BC Children's Hospital Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arthrogryposis has been the term used to describe multiple congenital contractures for over a century. It is a descriptive term and present in over 400 specific conditions. Responsible gene abnormalities have been found for more than 150 specific types of arthrogryposis. Decreased fetal movement is present in all affected individuals ...
Lindgren Anne - - 2014
General joint hypermobility is estimated to affect about 10% of the population and is a prerequisite of heritable connective tissue disorders where fragile connective tissue is a prominent feature. Pregnancy induced back pain is common whereas about 10% of women still have disabling pain several years after childbirth. The pathogenesis ...
Papastefanou Ioannis I Fetal Medicine Unit, 3rd Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Athens, Attikon University Hospital, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility of fetal volume measurement by 3-D ultrasound scan (using VOCAL [Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis] software) in 27 fetuses at 7 to 13 wk was studied. For intra-observer variability, the mean difference (MD) and 95% limits of agreement (95% LOA) at 12°, 18° and 30° were MD12 = 0.097, 95% ...
Shetty Jyothi J Department of OBG, KMC, Manipal University, Manipal 576104, India ; Department of OBG, Women and Child Block (WCB), Manipal, Karnataka 576104, - - 2014
Introduction. Recent evidence indicates that clinical examination, for determination of fetal head position, is subjective and inaccurate. Present study was aimed to compare transabdominal ultrasound for fetal head position with vaginal examination during first stage of labor. Material and Methods. This prospective study was performed at a tertiary center during ...
Lechtermann Carolin C Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology, Kinderklinik II, Universitätsklinikum-Essen and the University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, - - 2014
Preeclampsia, a hypertensive disorder in pregnancy develops in 2-8% of pregnancies worldwide. Winter season and vitamin D deficiency have been associated with its onset. To investigate the influence of season on maternal vitamin D status and placental vitamin D metabolism. 25-OH vitamin D and 1,25-(OH)2 vitamin D were measured in ...
Kawashima Akihiro A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Showa University School of Medicine, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, - - 2014
Maternal cigarette smoking is reportedly associated with miscarriage, fetal growth restriction and placental abruption, and is paradoxically associated with a decreased risk of developing preeclampsia. In the present study, we investigated the gene expression levels of villous tissues in early gestation. We compared the expression levels of the genes related ...
Adam G G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of - - 2014
The main objective of this study was to observe the behavior of the fetal head position during labor, when starting from occiput anterior or posterior position and also to determine their importance in labor management (if the starting fetal head position can be a strong argument in favour of vaginal ...
Malm Mari-Cristin MC School of Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, 791 88 Falun, Sweden; Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study women's description of fetal movements in full-term pregnancy. Further to investigate if their descriptions could be sorted with regard to intensity and type of movements, using a matrix under development to be a tool for evaluating fetal movements in clinical praxis. Data were collected by distributing questionnaires including ...
Abbasalizadeh Shamsi S Department of Gynecology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
The term ofpreterm birth is used to define the premature neonates considering pregnancy age. In less than 34 week pregnancies, corticosteroids are prescribed to promote embryos' lung maturity. The presents study aimed at evaluating effects of betamethasone injection on feeling embryo motion by mother and index and biophysical profile in ...
Maeda Kazuo - - 2013
Abstract Aims: The development of fetal heart rate (FHR) variability and acceleration, and their loss in the hypoxic brain damage and cerebral palsy (CP) is investigated. Methods: FHR, movements in physiologic sinusoidal FHR and fetal movements were studied by actocardiogram. Results: Periodic fetal respiratory movements evoked moderate FHR variation similar ...
Kong Kai Ling - - 2013
Walking may be a strategy for increasing moderate physical activity (MPA) during pregnancy. To promote MPA among overweight and obese pregnant women, via walking, and to evaluate the impact of the intervention on maternal and birth outcomes. Thirty seven overweight or obese pregnant women were randomly assigned to a walking ...
Thanaboonyawat Isarin - - 2013
Background:Numerous factors, both in the mother and in the infant, are involved in achieving breastfeeding. One maternal factor is normality of the nipples. However, no definition of normal nipple length or width or normal range and changes in pregnant women exists.Objective:This study aimed to demonstrate the change of nipple length ...
Gijon-Nogueron Gabriel A - - 2013
Background: Women's feet change during pregnancy owing to hormonal and anatomical changes, thus having a strong influence on the decrease in their quality of life during pregnancy. This preliminary study aimed to value the anthropometric and positional changes that affect their feet. Methods: Ten pregnant women were measured during their ...
Mas O Adrian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was an evaluation of fetal hip joint morphology during the second and the third trimester of pregnancy. Serial sections were performed on 23 cadaver infants. RESULTS: The mean lunar age was 6.6 months. Femoral shaft length (FSL) and width of the proximal and distal ...
Hsiao Ching Hua - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to compare the fetal frontomaxillary facial (FMF) angle between normal and trisomy 21 fetuses at 11(+0) -13(+6)  weeks gestation in a Chinese population. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed that included 640 euploid and 45 trisomy 21 singleton pregnancies undergoing first trimester ...
Cavazos-Rehg Patricia A PA Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8134, 660 South Euclid, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2013
To investigate factors associated with favorable pregnancy attitudes among teenage girls. Participants were sexually active teenage girls aged 15-18 years old (n = 965) who took part in the 2002 or 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). Multinomial multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the likelihood of being ...
Drews Barbara - - 2013
Marsupials have a functional placenta for a shorter period of time compared to that of eutherian species, and their altricial young reach the teats without any help from the mother. We have monitored the short intrauterine development of one marsupial, the tammar wallaby, with high-resolution ultrasound from reactivation of the ...
Segal Neil A NA Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1088, - - 2013
Women are disproportionately affected by musculoskeletal disorders. Parous women seem to be at a particularly elevated risk for structural and functional changes in the lower limbs. The combination of increased weight on the joints with potentially greater laxity during pregnancy could lead to permanent structural changes in the feet. Although ...
Pakenham Susan - - 2013
Objective: To determine whether obstetrical patients in a large tertiary-care centre receive counselling, are aware of the proper actions in relation to fetal movement (on the basis of discussion with caregivers, educational pamphlet, or access to any information), have an understanding similar to that prescribed in the SOGC guidelines, and ...
Paula Nascimento Panigassi Ana - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of different races over the measurement of the frontomaxillary facial angle between 11 and 13+6 weeks of pregnancy in a Brazilian population. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 332 healthy pregnant women, with a crown-rump length (CRL) between 47 and 84 mm. Such ...
Ribeiro Ana Paula - - 2013
The purpose of this literature review is to evaluate the studies that have investigated static and dynamic biomechanical changes of the lower limbs and gait patterns during pregnancy. Original articles on this subject, published between 1934 and 2012, were considered. In general, pregnant women demonstrated greater hip flexion, more extended ...
Berndl Anne M L - - 2013
Objective: When decreased fetal movement is noticed, delay in seeking care is associated with poor perinatal outcomes, including stillbirth. Health care providers are responsible for educating women about normal fetal movement and the appropriate actions they should take if it decreases. This study aimed to demonstrate our pregnant population's understanding ...
Benninger Brion - - 2013
The objective of this study was to investigate the morphology of the common iliac artery and vein (CIA&V) comparing right and left sides in females versus males. Pregnant women favour lying on one side at rest and during sleep. The reason for this may be due to the morphology and ...
Raynes-Greenow Camille H - - 2013
Maternal perception of fetal movements has been used as a measure of fetal well-being. Yet a Cochrane review does not recommend formal fetal movement counting compared to discretional fetal movement counting. There is some evidence that suggests that the quality of fetal movements can precede quantitative changes however there has ...
Branco Marco - - 2013
The kinematic analysis of gait during pregnancy provides more information about the anatomical changes and contributes to exercise and rehabilitation prescription. The purposes were to quantify the lower limb kinematics of gait and to compare it between the second and third trimesters of pregnancy and with a control group. A ...
Doran Frances M - - 2013
Women are encouraged to be active before, during and after pregnancy. However, most pregnant women do not engage in sufficient levels of physical activity. For women who experience gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), physical activity recommendations are part of the standard management. Walking is the most common activity undertaken by women ...
Gilleard Wendy L WL School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, PO Box 157, Lismore, NSW, 2480, Australia. - - 2013
A longitudinal repeated measures design over pregnancy and post-birth, with a control group would provide insight into the mechanical adaptations of the body under conditions of changing load during a common female human lifespan condition, while minimizing the influences of inter human differences. The objective was to investigate systematic changes ...
González-Mesa Ernesto E Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, University Hospital Carlos Haya, Málaga, Spain ; Málaga Research Group in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Biomedical Research Institute of Málaga (IBIMA), Spain ; Servicio de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Hospital Materno Infantil, Arroyo de los Angeles Avenida s/n, 29006 Málaga, - - 2013
Intestinal obstruction is an uncommon surgical emergency during pregnancy that affects seriously the prognosis of gestation. The underlying cause can be identified in the majority of cases and usually consists of adhesions secondary to previous abdominal or pelvic surgery, followed in order of frequency by intestinal volvuli. In recent years ...
Liberty Gad - - 2012
Objectives: We aimed to present a systemic approach for evaluating the fetal pharynx and larynx based on 2DUS and 3DUS modalities. The sonographic appearance and function of the fetal upper respiratory tract are described; anatomical components of the pharynx and larynx were measured. Methods: Gravidae presenting for booked examinations with ...
Toohey Julianne - - 2012
Postpartum depression is the most common complication of pregnancy, affecting 10% to 15% of women. This condition continues to be underdiagnosed and undertreated despite increased awareness. Several risk factors have been identified including anxiety or depression during pregnancy, a history of depression, as well as increased life stressors. Treatment for ...
Chang Shiow-Ru - - 2012
Introduction.  Biopsychological and sociocultural factors have been reported to be associated with sexual function in pregnancy. To date, very few studies have focused on the relationship between sexual function and depression during pregnancy. Aim.  To determine whether depressive symptoms predict overall sexual function, desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain ...
Dipietro Janet A - - 2012
There is significant current interest in the degree to which prenatal exposures, including maternal psychological factors, influence child outcomes. Studies that detect an association between prenatal maternal psychological distress and child developmental outcomes are subject to a number of interpretative challenges in the inference of causality. Some of these are ...
Christian Lisa M - - 2012
Cardiovascular and neuroendocrine reactivity to acute stress are important predictors of health outcomes in non-pregnant populations. Greater magnitude and duration of physiological responses have been associated with increased risk of hypertensive disorders and diabetes, greater susceptibility to infectious illnesses, suppression of cell-mediated immunity as well as risk for depression and ...
Lauszus Finn Friis - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to reveal any association of sexual practice with knowledge about sex education, reproductive physiology and abortion. The study was performed in a non-intervention setting to minimize information bias. A cross-sectional questionnaire was handed out without prior notice to all ninth grade pupils in ...
Hashemi Somayeh - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of anxiety on pregnancy rate after in vitro fertilization (IVF). STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study of 180 infertile women who were referred for IVF treatment to two selected infertility treatment centers in Tehran. They were recruited at the last visit before the procedure ...
Rådestad Ingela - - 2012
Besides the frequency of the fetal movements the woman's perceptions of the movements can give additional information about the unborn baby's wellbeing. To explore women's perceptions of fetal movements in full-term pregnancy. Interviews with 40 women in gestational weeks 37+2 to 41+5, all with uncomplicated pregnancies. All women were recruited ...
Del Giudice Marco - - 2012
Maternal stress during pregnancy has pervasive effects on the offspring's physiology and behavior, including the development of anxious, reactive temperament and increased stress responsivity. These outcomes can be seen as the result of adaptive developmental plasticity: maternal stress hormones carry useful information about the state of the external world, which ...
Hompes Titia - - 2012
Background:This exploratory study investigates the influence of maternal cortisol and emotional state during pregnancy on fetal intra-uterine growth (IUG). We expected higher basal cortisol levels, or more depressive and anxious complaints during pregnancy, to be associated with slower IUG and lower birth weight.Methods:91 pregnant women were recruited from the antenatal ...
Saadai Payam - - 2012
Congenital high airway obstructive syndrome (CHAOS) is a rare and devastating condition that is uniformly fatal without fetal intervention. We sought to describe fetal treatment and long-term outcomes of CHAOS at a single referral center. The medical records of patients with fetal CHAOS evaluated at our center between 1993 and ...
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