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Schneuer Francisco J FJ Clinical and Population Perinatal Health Research, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To assess soluble endothelial cell-specific tyrosine kinase receptor (sTie-2) levels in the first trimester of pregnancy and its association with adverse pregnancy outcomes; and examine the predictive accuracy. Study Design: In this nested case-control study, serum sTie-2 levels were measured in 2,616 women with singleton pregnancies attending first ...
Nair Rohini R RR Department of Molecular & Human Genetics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, - - 2014
The contribution of systemic S100A8 protein in menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and early pregnancy loss (EPL) is not known. Altered expression of S100A8 in maternal decidua is associated with recurrent early pregnancy loss. The objective of this study was to investigate the systemic level of S100A8 in different phases of menstrual ...
Bikov Andras - - 2014
Asthma is one of the most common conditions which complicate pregnancy. Pro- and anti-apoptotic mechanisms can be modulated by asthma accompanying pregnancy. Survivin, an anti-apoptotic protein has been implicated in the pathomechanism of asthma and also in the development of pathological pregnancies; however survivin has not been studied in pregnant ...
Berger Peter P Institute for Biomedical Aging Research, University of Innsbruck, Rennweg 10, A6020 Innsbruck, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pregnancy tests for human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) are used widely in hospital and home settings. Assays measuring hCG also have uses in prenatal screening and oncology. The output from three recent international workshops provides a framework for reliable measurement of hCG. Requirements for future hCG assays include use of clear ...
C─▒kman Muzaffer Seyhan MS Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Altindag, Ankara, - - 2014
To determine whether inherited thrombophilia affects components of second trimester combined aneuploidy screening test. A case-control study was performed between 1 December 2010 and 1 February 2012, at a tertiary referral hospital. Singleton pregnancies with inherited thrombophilia that underwent second trimester (16-19(+6) week) combined aneuploidy screening test were included in ...
Nalla Amarnadh A Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen; The Danish Diabetes Academy, Odense University Hospital, Odense; Center for Fetal Programming, - - 2014
Several studies have shown an increase in beta cell mass during pregnancy. Somatolactogenic hormones are known to stimulate proliferation of existing beta cells in rodents whereas the mechanism in humans is still unclear. We hypothesize that in addition to somatolactogenic hormones there are other circulating factors involved in beta cell ...
Marom-Haham Lilach - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) administered to women at risk for preterm delivery decreases the risk of cerebral palsy in their children. However, the neuroprotective effect of MgSO4 has not been shown in twin gestations. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the maternal serum levels of magnesium ...
Kamimura Kenya - - 2014
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a cholestasis condition caused by elevated levels of serum bile acids that mainly occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy. Maternal symptoms include pruritus; elevation of transaminases, biliary enzymes, and bilirubin levels; and abnormal liver function tests. Fetal symptoms include spontaneous preterm labor, fetal ...
Jalkanen A A Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Turku University Hospital, Turku, - - 2014
Both pregnancy and high vitamin D concentration seem to generate a protective environment against multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses. Longitudinal case-control analysis of vitamin D concentrations during pregnancy and lactation of MS mothers is lacking. To examine serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 levels of MS patients during and after pregnancy and compare these to ...
Zawiejska A A Department of Obstetrics and Women's Diseases, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, - - 2014
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDPs) are associated with altered maternal metabolism, impaired perinatal outcome and increased risk for remote maternal complications. The aim of our study was to analyse associations between circulating levels of angiogenic factors and markers of oxidative stress and metabolic status in women with HDP. Forty-six women ...
Persechini Marie-Laure ML Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Pôle Cardio-Vasculaire et Métabolique, CHU Larrey, 24 Chemin de Pouvourville, TSA 30030, 31059, Toulouse Cedex 9, - - 2014
A decrease of insulin-like growth factor-I levels (IGF-I) has been reported during the first trimester of pregnancy in women with acromegaly before the secretion of placental growth hormone (GH) progressively increases IGF-1 concentration. To evaluate variations of concentrations of IGF-1, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein-3 (IGF-BP3) and GH during the ...
Søstrup Birgitte B Department of Biomedical Sciences, Cellular and Molecular Medicine Section, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen; Centre for Fetal Programming, Danish Research Council for Strategic Research, - - 2014
Several studies have shown increased beta cell mass during pregnancy in both rodents and humans. Proliferation of existing beta cells seems to be the predominant mechanism in rodents, whereas the mechanism in humans is unclear. We hypothesized that neogenesis contributes to the increased beta cell mass in pregnancy and that ...
Lathi Ruth B RB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford - - 2014
Hyperandrogenic conditions in women are associated with increased rates of miscarriage. However, the specific role of maternal testosterone in early pregnancy and its association with pregnancy outcome is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare serum testosterone levels during early pregnancy in women with and without polycystic ovary ...
Zhang Joy Y JY Vitamin D Research Group, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork,Cork,Republic of - - 2014
Nutritional requirements for vitamin D during pregnancy have been inadequately described, and there are conflicting data on the impact of gestation on vitamin D status. In the present study, we conducted a longitudinal analysis of total and free (unbound) serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) and albumin concentrations ...
Shankar H H All India Institute of Medical Sciences , Ansari Nagar, New Delhi , - - 2014
Pregnancy is accompanied by several haemodynamic, biochemical and haematological changes, which may lead to severe problems, if they are not suitably addressed. The current study highlights the haematological and biochemical differences observed in anaemic (AP) and non-anaemic primigravida (NAP), at their 2nd trimester, in a north Indian population. There were ...
van der Wijden Carla L CL Department of Public & Occupational Health and EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Gynecology, Medisch Centrum Jan van Goyen, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Childbearing is considered to be a significant risk factor for developing overweight and obesity. Physical activity might influence weight change via hormonal changes. To test the hypothesis that higher levels of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) are positively associated with maternal insulin sensitivity, and reduce IGF-1, IGFBP-3, leptin ...
Mesens Tinne T Dept. Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Genk, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate in early and late preeclampsia a correlation of maternal venous Doppler flow characteristics with biochemical parameters in maternal serum and urine, or with gestational outcome. In this observational cross-sectional study, renal interlobar vein impedance index (RIVI) was measured according to a standardised protocol for combined electrocardiogram-Doppler ultrasonography in ...
Teofilo Marcella Martins Alves MM Nutritional Epidemiology Observatory, Department of Social and Applied Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition Josué de Castro, Rio de Janeiro Federal University, RJ, Brazil; Graduate Program in Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition Josué de Castro, Rio de Janeiro Federal University, RJ, - - 2014
Serum lipids have been associated with depression in the adult population; however, this association during pregnancy remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between serum lipids and depressive symptom scores during pregnancy. A prospective cohort of 238 pregnant women was followed at the 5th-13th, 20th-26th ...
Eleftheriades Makarios M Embryocare, Fetal Medicine Unit, Athens, Greece; Bioiatriki SA, Department of Ultrasound and Fetal Medicine, Athens, Greece; First Department of Pediatrics, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Aghia Sophia Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine maternal serum concentrations of placental growth factor (PlGF) at 11-14 gestational weeks in pregnancies that developed gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to create first trimester prediction models for GDM. Case control study including 40 GDM cases and 94 controls. PlGF, biophysical and biochemical markers and maternal-pregnancy characteristics were ...
Bergfelt Don R DR Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, St Kitts, West Indies. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the beginning of 1960s, seminal studies characterizing circulating concentrations of immunoreactive relaxin in companion dogs and evaluating the differences in concentrations among pregnant, nonpregnant, and pseudopregnant bitches indicated the potential for relaxin to be applied clinically as a diagnostic aid to detect pregnancy status in wild animal species. A ...
McCrory Jean L JL Division of Exercise Physiology, Department of Human Performance and Applied Exercise Science, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA; Department of Health and Physical Activity, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although pregnant women are anecdotally said to "waddle" during gait, researchers have not quantified the kinematics of these gait alterations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pregnancy on thoracic and pelvic kinematics during gait. Data were collected on 29 pregnant subjects in the mid-second and ...
Koo Fan-Hlan FH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Early fetal structure evaluation is crucial. Fetal abnormalities might indicate chromosomal anomalies or abnormal fetal growth. The aim of this study was to establish the appropriate reference range of maxillary and mandibular angles among the Taiwanese population at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks of gestation in normal singleton pregnancy as reference values for prenatal ...
Olagbuji B N BN Women's and Adolescent Health Research Initiative; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ekiti State University; Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, - - 2014
Background: Fetal movement, a sign of life, is widely considered as an indicator of fetal health status. Therefore, perceived alteration in regular fetal movement after the age of viability may signify impending adverse perinatal outcome. Aims: This study aimed to determine maternal knowledge, behavior, and concerns about abnormal fetal movement ...
Meng Xinyue X Department of Ultrasound, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine reference values and ranges for brainstem-vermis (BV) angle and brainstem-tentorium (BT) angle and to assess the correlation among these angles, fetal gender and gestational age (GA) in 221 fetuses between 20 and 37 wk. The angles of the BV and BT were measured ...
Kanagal Deepa V DV Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, K.S. Hegde Medical Academy , Mangalore, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Pre-eclampsia is one of the major causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Though the aetiology is obscure, recent studies indicate that serum levels of calcium and magnesium may have a role in pre-eclampsia. The aim of this study was to find out the relationship of serum levels of ...
Alavi Majd Hamid H Department of Biostatistics, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Identification of a normal range for biomarkers, based on pregnancy outcomes (caused by their high or low values) is of special importance in clinical studies. As some pregnancy outcomes can happen in both high and low levels of biomarkers, the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve is unsuitable for identifying these levels ...
Hantoushzadeh Sedigheh S Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Vali-asr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Abstract Objective:To assess maternal perception of fetal movement types and its association with maternal factors in normal pregnancies with good pregnancy outcome. Methods:This study was conducted on 729 normotensive singleton pregnant women with good pregnancy outcome who had referred for prenatal visit. After completing a questionnaire, the participants were asked ...
Butcher M M Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, - - 2014
Prevention of aortocaval compression is essential for effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation in late pregnancy. This can be achieved by either lateral maternal tilt or lateral uterine displacement. Results from a previous manikin study show that a firm foam-rubber wedge allowed successful chest compressions whilst providing stable and reliable lateral tilt. However, ...
Reissland N N Department of Psychology, Durham University, Durham, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Human lateralized behaviors relate to the asymmetric development of the brain. Research of the prenatal origins of laterality is equivocal with some studies suggesting that fetuses exhibit lateralized behavior and other not finding such laterality. Given that by around 22weeks gestation the left cerebral hemisphere compared to the right is ...
Hall Judith G JG Departments of Medical Genetics and Pediatrics, University of British Columbia and BC Children's Hospital Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arthrogryposis has been the term used to describe multiple congenital contractures for over a century. It is a descriptive term and present in over 400 specific conditions. Responsible gene abnormalities have been found for more than 150 specific types of arthrogryposis. Decreased fetal movement is present in all affected individuals ...
Lindgren Anne - - 2014
General joint hypermobility is estimated to affect about 10% of the population and is a prerequisite of heritable connective tissue disorders where fragile connective tissue is a prominent feature. Pregnancy induced back pain is common whereas about 10% of women still have disabling pain several years after childbirth. The pathogenesis ...
Papastefanou Ioannis I Fetal Medicine Unit, 3rd Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Athens, Attikon University Hospital, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility of fetal volume measurement by 3-D ultrasound scan (using VOCAL [Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis] software) in 27 fetuses at 7 to 13 wk was studied. For intra-observer variability, the mean difference (MD) and 95% limits of agreement (95% LOA) at 12°, 18° and 30° were MD12 = 0.097, 95% ...
Shetty Jyothi J Department of OBG, KMC, Manipal University, Manipal 576104, India ; Department of OBG, Women and Child Block (WCB), Manipal, Karnataka 576104, - - 2014
Introduction. Recent evidence indicates that clinical examination, for determination of fetal head position, is subjective and inaccurate. Present study was aimed to compare transabdominal ultrasound for fetal head position with vaginal examination during first stage of labor. Material and Methods. This prospective study was performed at a tertiary center during ...
Lechtermann Carolin C Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology, Kinderklinik II, Universitätsklinikum-Essen and the University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, - - 2014
Preeclampsia, a hypertensive disorder in pregnancy develops in 2-8% of pregnancies worldwide. Winter season and vitamin D deficiency have been associated with its onset. To investigate the influence of season on maternal vitamin D status and placental vitamin D metabolism. 25-OH vitamin D and 1,25-(OH)2 vitamin D were measured in ...
Kawashima Akihiro A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Showa University School of Medicine, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, - - 2014
Maternal cigarette smoking is reportedly associated with miscarriage, fetal growth restriction and placental abruption, and is paradoxically associated with a decreased risk of developing preeclampsia. In the present study, we investigated the gene expression levels of villous tissues in early gestation. We compared the expression levels of the genes related ...
Adam G G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of - - 2014
The main objective of this study was to observe the behavior of the fetal head position during labor, when starting from occiput anterior or posterior position and also to determine their importance in labor management (if the starting fetal head position can be a strong argument in favour of vaginal ...
Malm Mari-Cristin MC School of Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, 791 88 Falun, Sweden; Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study women's description of fetal movements in full-term pregnancy. Further to investigate if their descriptions could be sorted with regard to intensity and type of movements, using a matrix under development to be a tool for evaluating fetal movements in clinical praxis. Data were collected by distributing questionnaires including ...
Abbasalizadeh Shamsi S Department of Gynecology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
The term ofpreterm birth is used to define the premature neonates considering pregnancy age. In less than 34 week pregnancies, corticosteroids are prescribed to promote embryos' lung maturity. The presents study aimed at evaluating effects of betamethasone injection on feeling embryo motion by mother and index and biophysical profile in ...
Maeda Kazuo - - 2013
Abstract Aims: The development of fetal heart rate (FHR) variability and acceleration, and their loss in the hypoxic brain damage and cerebral palsy (CP) is investigated. Methods: FHR, movements in physiologic sinusoidal FHR and fetal movements were studied by actocardiogram. Results: Periodic fetal respiratory movements evoked moderate FHR variation similar ...
Kong Kai Ling - - 2013
Walking may be a strategy for increasing moderate physical activity (MPA) during pregnancy. To promote MPA among overweight and obese pregnant women, via walking, and to evaluate the impact of the intervention on maternal and birth outcomes. Thirty seven overweight or obese pregnant women were randomly assigned to a walking ...
Thanaboonyawat Isarin - - 2013
Background:Numerous factors, both in the mother and in the infant, are involved in achieving breastfeeding. One maternal factor is normality of the nipples. However, no definition of normal nipple length or width or normal range and changes in pregnant women exists.Objective:This study aimed to demonstrate the change of nipple length ...
Gijon-Nogueron Gabriel A - - 2013
Background: Women's feet change during pregnancy owing to hormonal and anatomical changes, thus having a strong influence on the decrease in their quality of life during pregnancy. This preliminary study aimed to value the anthropometric and positional changes that affect their feet. Methods: Ten pregnant women were measured during their ...
Mas O Adrian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was an evaluation of fetal hip joint morphology during the second and the third trimester of pregnancy. Serial sections were performed on 23 cadaver infants. RESULTS: The mean lunar age was 6.6 months. Femoral shaft length (FSL) and width of the proximal and distal ...
Hsiao Ching Hua - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to compare the fetal frontomaxillary facial (FMF) angle between normal and trisomy 21 fetuses at 11(+0) -13(+6)  weeks gestation in a Chinese population. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed that included 640 euploid and 45 trisomy 21 singleton pregnancies undergoing first trimester ...
Cavazos-Rehg Patricia A PA Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8134, 660 South Euclid, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2013
To investigate factors associated with favorable pregnancy attitudes among teenage girls. Participants were sexually active teenage girls aged 15-18 years old (n = 965) who took part in the 2002 or 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). Multinomial multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the likelihood of being ...
Drews Barbara - - 2013
Marsupials have a functional placenta for a shorter period of time compared to that of eutherian species, and their altricial young reach the teats without any help from the mother. We have monitored the short intrauterine development of one marsupial, the tammar wallaby, with high-resolution ultrasound from reactivation of the ...
Segal Neil A NA Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1088, - - 2013
Women are disproportionately affected by musculoskeletal disorders. Parous women seem to be at a particularly elevated risk for structural and functional changes in the lower limbs. The combination of increased weight on the joints with potentially greater laxity during pregnancy could lead to permanent structural changes in the feet. Although ...
Pakenham Susan - - 2013
Objective: To determine whether obstetrical patients in a large tertiary-care centre receive counselling, are aware of the proper actions in relation to fetal movement (on the basis of discussion with caregivers, educational pamphlet, or access to any information), have an understanding similar to that prescribed in the SOGC guidelines, and ...
Paula Nascimento Panigassi Ana - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of different races over the measurement of the frontomaxillary facial angle between 11 and 13+6 weeks of pregnancy in a Brazilian population. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 332 healthy pregnant women, with a crown-rump length (CRL) between 47 and 84 mm. Such ...
Ribeiro Ana Paula - - 2013
The purpose of this literature review is to evaluate the studies that have investigated static and dynamic biomechanical changes of the lower limbs and gait patterns during pregnancy. Original articles on this subject, published between 1934 and 2012, were considered. In general, pregnant women demonstrated greater hip flexion, more extended ...
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