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Meddeb Sawsen S Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Farhat Hached University Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia; Research Laboratory in Quality of Maternal Health Care in Tunisia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Choriocarcinoma is a highly malignant trophoblastic neoplasm. Its association with ectopic pregnancy is very rare and usually with aggressive behavior. We report a new case arising in an interstitial pregnancy occurring in a 46-year-old woman. The patient was admitted for severe pelvic pain and abundant metrorrhagia. One month ago, she ...
Zein Salam S Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Campus Rafic Hariri, Hadath, Lebanon. Electronic address: - - 2014
High iron stores in pregnancy are essential in preventing negative outcomes for both infants and mothers; however the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) might also be increased. We intend to study the relationship between increased iron stores in early pregnancy and the risk of glucose intolerance and GDM. This ...
Nalla Amarnadh A Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen; The Danish Diabetes Academy, Odense University Hospital, Odense; Center for Fetal Programming, - - 2014
Several studies have shown an increase in beta cell mass during pregnancy. Somatolactogenic hormones are known to stimulate proliferation of existing beta cells in rodents whereas the mechanism in humans is still unclear. We hypothesize that in addition to somatolactogenic hormones there are other circulating factors involved in beta cell ...
Marom-Haham Lilach - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) administered to women at risk for preterm delivery decreases the risk of cerebral palsy in their children. However, the neuroprotective effect of MgSO4 has not been shown in twin gestations. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the maternal serum levels of magnesium ...
Kamimura Kenya - - 2014
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a cholestasis condition caused by elevated levels of serum bile acids that mainly occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy. Maternal symptoms include pruritus; elevation of transaminases, biliary enzymes, and bilirubin levels; and abnormal liver function tests. Fetal symptoms include spontaneous preterm labor, fetal ...
Jalkanen A A Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Turku University Hospital, Turku, - - 2014
Both pregnancy and high vitamin D concentration seem to generate a protective environment against multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses. Longitudinal case-control analysis of vitamin D concentrations during pregnancy and lactation of MS mothers is lacking. To examine serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 levels of MS patients during and after pregnancy and compare these to ...
Zawiejska A A Department of Obstetrics and Women's Diseases, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, - - 2014
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDPs) are associated with altered maternal metabolism, impaired perinatal outcome and increased risk for remote maternal complications. The aim of our study was to analyse associations between circulating levels of angiogenic factors and markers of oxidative stress and metabolic status in women with HDP. Forty-six women ...
Persechini Marie-Laure ML Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Pôle Cardio-Vasculaire et Métabolique, CHU Larrey, 24 Chemin de Pouvourville, TSA 30030, 31059, Toulouse Cedex 9, - - 2014
A decrease of insulin-like growth factor-I levels (IGF-I) has been reported during the first trimester of pregnancy in women with acromegaly before the secretion of placental growth hormone (GH) progressively increases IGF-1 concentration. To evaluate variations of concentrations of IGF-1, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein-3 (IGF-BP3) and GH during the ...
Søstrup Birgitte B Department of Biomedical Sciences, Cellular and Molecular Medicine Section, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen; Centre for Fetal Programming, Danish Research Council for Strategic Research, - - 2014
Several studies have shown increased beta cell mass during pregnancy in both rodents and humans. Proliferation of existing beta cells seems to be the predominant mechanism in rodents, whereas the mechanism in humans is unclear. We hypothesized that neogenesis contributes to the increased beta cell mass in pregnancy and that ...
Lathi Ruth B RB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford - - 2014
Hyperandrogenic conditions in women are associated with increased rates of miscarriage. However, the specific role of maternal testosterone in early pregnancy and its association with pregnancy outcome is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare serum testosterone levels during early pregnancy in women with and without polycystic ovary ...
Thaler C J CJ Department and Outpatient Clinic for Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Hospital of the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Großhadern Campus, Hormone & Fertility Centre Großhadern, Munich ; Department and Outpatient Clinic for Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Hospital of the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, City Centre Campus, Hormone & Fertility Centre City Centre, - - 2014
Folate metabolism affects ovarian function, implantation, embryogenesis and the entire process of pregnancy. In addition to its well-established effect on the incidence of neural tube defects, associations have been found between reduced folic acid levels and increased homocysteine concentrations on the one hand, and recurrent spontaneous abortions and other complications ...
Chen Yi-Pin YP Department of Gynecology, Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan County, - - 2014
To analyze the relationship between in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy rate and basal serum hormone levels before patients begin an IVF course. In this retrospective study, we analyzed patients with anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) data and IVF data from January 2009 to October 2012. Pregnancy rates were calculated by AMH and follicle ...
Takeda Akihiro A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gifu Prefectural Tajimi Hospital, Tajimi, Gifu, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare potentially life-threatening form of ectopic gestation. However, optimal management has not yet been established. Furthermore, there are limited reports on the diagnostic value of three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (3D-CTA) for the conservative management of this disorder. A 33-year-old woman (gravida 3, para 2), ...
Peng Hsiu-Huei HH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kwei-Shan, Taoyuan, - - 2014
A twin pregnancy consisting of a complete hydatidiform mole with a coexisting normal fetus is extremely rare with an incidence of 1/22,000 to 1/100,000. The incidence of preterm delivery is high and few pregnancies reach near term with a viable fetus. A 34-year-old woman presented at 20 weeks of gestation with ...
Rabie Nader Z NZ Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 77205-77199, - - 2014
Evaluation of: Asvold BO, Vatten LJ, Tanbo TG, Eskild A. Concentrations of human chorionic gonadotrophin in very early pregnancy and subsequent pre-eclampsia: a cohort study. Hum. Reprod. 29(6), 1153-1160 (2014). A total of 2405 consecutive singleton pregnancies were followed to determine if early HCG levels were associated with the development ...
Rehman Rehana R Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Karachi, - - 2014
Background: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an advanced technique employed in assisted reproductive clinics for treatment of infertile couples. The reproductive endocrinologists try their level best to identify factors that enhance success rate after ICSI. Objective: To compare estradiol progesterone ratio on ovulation induction day amongst pregnancy outcome groups following ...
Aflatoonian Abbas A Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Background: Frozen- thawed embryo transfer is an essential part of ART treatment and outcomes of this procedure are associated with several clinical factors. Several studies have showed an increase level of IVF outcomes in women with sufficient vitamin D. Objective: whether treatment of vitamin D insufficiency can improve pregnancy rates ...
Köşüş Nermin N Fatih University, Ankara, - - 2014
Subcutaneous abdominal fat thickness (SCFT) is important for predisposition to metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Our aim was to evaluate maternal SCFT and metabolic changes (such as insulin resistance and high inflammatory markers) during pregnancy. A total of 92 pregnant women between 24-28 weeks of gestation were enrolled in the study. ...
Zhang Joy Y JY Vitamin D Research Group, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork,Cork,Republic of - - 2014
Nutritional requirements for vitamin D during pregnancy have been inadequately described, and there are conflicting data on the impact of gestation on vitamin D status. In the present study, we conducted a longitudinal analysis of total and free (unbound) serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) and albumin concentrations ...
Shankar H H All India Institute of Medical Sciences , Ansari Nagar, New Delhi , - - 2014
Pregnancy is accompanied by several haemodynamic, biochemical and haematological changes, which may lead to severe problems, if they are not suitably addressed. The current study highlights the haematological and biochemical differences observed in anaemic (AP) and non-anaemic primigravida (NAP), at their 2nd trimester, in a north Indian population. There were ...
van der Wijden Carla L CL Department of Public & Occupational Health and EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Gynecology, Medisch Centrum Jan van Goyen, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Childbearing is considered to be a significant risk factor for developing overweight and obesity. Physical activity might influence weight change via hormonal changes. To test the hypothesis that higher levels of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) are positively associated with maternal insulin sensitivity, and reduce IGF-1, IGFBP-3, leptin ...
Mesens Tinne T Dept. Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Genk, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate in early and late preeclampsia a correlation of maternal venous Doppler flow characteristics with biochemical parameters in maternal serum and urine, or with gestational outcome. In this observational cross-sectional study, renal interlobar vein impedance index (RIVI) was measured according to a standardised protocol for combined electrocardiogram-Doppler ultrasonography in ...
Teofilo Marcella Martins Alves MM Nutritional Epidemiology Observatory, Department of Social and Applied Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition Josué de Castro, Rio de Janeiro Federal University, RJ, Brazil; Graduate Program in Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition Josué de Castro, Rio de Janeiro Federal University, RJ, - - 2014
Serum lipids have been associated with depression in the adult population; however, this association during pregnancy remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between serum lipids and depressive symptom scores during pregnancy. A prospective cohort of 238 pregnant women was followed at the 5th-13th, 20th-26th ...
Eleftheriades Makarios M Embryocare, Fetal Medicine Unit, Athens, Greece; Bioiatriki SA, Department of Ultrasound and Fetal Medicine, Athens, Greece; First Department of Pediatrics, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Aghia Sophia Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine maternal serum concentrations of placental growth factor (PlGF) at 11-14 gestational weeks in pregnancies that developed gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to create first trimester prediction models for GDM. Case control study including 40 GDM cases and 94 controls. PlGF, biophysical and biochemical markers and maternal-pregnancy characteristics were ...
Bergfelt Don R DR Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, St Kitts, West Indies. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the beginning of 1960s, seminal studies characterizing circulating concentrations of immunoreactive relaxin in companion dogs and evaluating the differences in concentrations among pregnant, nonpregnant, and pseudopregnant bitches indicated the potential for relaxin to be applied clinically as a diagnostic aid to detect pregnancy status in wild animal species. A ...
McCrory Jean L JL Division of Exercise Physiology, Department of Human Performance and Applied Exercise Science, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA; Department of Health and Physical Activity, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although pregnant women are anecdotally said to "waddle" during gait, researchers have not quantified the kinematics of these gait alterations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pregnancy on thoracic and pelvic kinematics during gait. Data were collected on 29 pregnant subjects in the mid-second and ...
Koo Fan-Hlan FH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Early fetal structure evaluation is crucial. Fetal abnormalities might indicate chromosomal anomalies or abnormal fetal growth. The aim of this study was to establish the appropriate reference range of maxillary and mandibular angles among the Taiwanese population at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks of gestation in normal singleton pregnancy as reference values for prenatal ...
Olagbuji B N BN Women's and Adolescent Health Research Initiative; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ekiti State University; Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, - - 2014
Background: Fetal movement, a sign of life, is widely considered as an indicator of fetal health status. Therefore, perceived alteration in regular fetal movement after the age of viability may signify impending adverse perinatal outcome. Aims: This study aimed to determine maternal knowledge, behavior, and concerns about abnormal fetal movement ...
Meng Xinyue X Department of Ultrasound, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine reference values and ranges for brainstem-vermis (BV) angle and brainstem-tentorium (BT) angle and to assess the correlation among these angles, fetal gender and gestational age (GA) in 221 fetuses between 20 and 37 wk. The angles of the BV and BT were measured ...
Kanagal Deepa V DV Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, K.S. Hegde Medical Academy , Mangalore, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Pre-eclampsia is one of the major causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Though the aetiology is obscure, recent studies indicate that serum levels of calcium and magnesium may have a role in pre-eclampsia. The aim of this study was to find out the relationship of serum levels of ...
Alavi Majd Hamid H Department of Biostatistics, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Identification of a normal range for biomarkers, based on pregnancy outcomes (caused by their high or low values) is of special importance in clinical studies. As some pregnancy outcomes can happen in both high and low levels of biomarkers, the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve is unsuitable for identifying these levels ...
Mehta Bindu N BN Department of Embryology/Biochemistry, Vaunshdhara Clinic and Assisted Conception Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) has been inversely correlated to proteolytic extracellular-matrix degradation exerted by urokinase-type (u-PA) and tissue-type plasminogen activators (t-PA). Any pathological disturbance in PAI-1 levels may lead to several pregnancy complications. To assess the influence of periodicity in serum PAI-1 levels on embryo implantation and clinical pregnancy outcome ...
Hantoushzadeh Sedigheh S Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Vali-asr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Abstract Objective:To assess maternal perception of fetal movement types and its association with maternal factors in normal pregnancies with good pregnancy outcome. Methods:This study was conducted on 729 normotensive singleton pregnant women with good pregnancy outcome who had referred for prenatal visit. After completing a questionnaire, the participants were asked ...
Jans Goele G Department of Development and Regeneration, Unit Pregnancy, Fetus and Newborn, KU Leuven, - - 2014
Neonatal intracranial bleedings and birth defects have been reported, possibly related to maternal vitamin K1 deficiency during pregnancy after bariatric surgery. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of screening and supplementation on K1 serum levels in pregnant women with bariatric surgery, and to compare K1 levels ...
Butcher M M Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, - - 2014
Prevention of aortocaval compression is essential for effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation in late pregnancy. This can be achieved by either lateral maternal tilt or lateral uterine displacement. Results from a previous manikin study show that a firm foam-rubber wedge allowed successful chest compressions whilst providing stable and reliable lateral tilt. However, ...
Reissland N N Department of Psychology, Durham University, Durham, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Human lateralized behaviors relate to the asymmetric development of the brain. Research of the prenatal origins of laterality is equivocal with some studies suggesting that fetuses exhibit lateralized behavior and other not finding such laterality. Given that by around 22weeks gestation the left cerebral hemisphere compared to the right is ...
Hall Judith G JG Departments of Medical Genetics and Pediatrics, University of British Columbia and BC Children's Hospital Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arthrogryposis has been the term used to describe multiple congenital contractures for over a century. It is a descriptive term and present in over 400 specific conditions. Responsible gene abnormalities have been found for more than 150 specific types of arthrogryposis. Decreased fetal movement is present in all affected individuals ...
Lindgren Anne - - 2014
General joint hypermobility is estimated to affect about 10% of the population and is a prerequisite of heritable connective tissue disorders where fragile connective tissue is a prominent feature. Pregnancy induced back pain is common whereas about 10% of women still have disabling pain several years after childbirth. The pathogenesis ...
Papastefanou Ioannis I Fetal Medicine Unit, 3rd Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Athens, Attikon University Hospital, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility of fetal volume measurement by 3-D ultrasound scan (using VOCAL [Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis] software) in 27 fetuses at 7 to 13 wk was studied. For intra-observer variability, the mean difference (MD) and 95% limits of agreement (95% LOA) at 12°, 18° and 30° were MD12 = 0.097, 95% ...
Shetty Jyothi J Department of OBG, KMC, Manipal University, Manipal 576104, India ; Department of OBG, Women and Child Block (WCB), Manipal, Karnataka 576104, - - 2014
Introduction. Recent evidence indicates that clinical examination, for determination of fetal head position, is subjective and inaccurate. Present study was aimed to compare transabdominal ultrasound for fetal head position with vaginal examination during first stage of labor. Material and Methods. This prospective study was performed at a tertiary center during ...
Lechtermann Carolin C Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology, Kinderklinik II, Universitätsklinikum-Essen and the University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, - - 2014
Preeclampsia, a hypertensive disorder in pregnancy develops in 2-8% of pregnancies worldwide. Winter season and vitamin D deficiency have been associated with its onset. To investigate the influence of season on maternal vitamin D status and placental vitamin D metabolism. 25-OH vitamin D and 1,25-(OH)2 vitamin D were measured in ...
Kawashima Akihiro A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Showa University School of Medicine, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, - - 2014
Maternal cigarette smoking is reportedly associated with miscarriage, fetal growth restriction and placental abruption, and is paradoxically associated with a decreased risk of developing preeclampsia. In the present study, we investigated the gene expression levels of villous tissues in early gestation. We compared the expression levels of the genes related ...
Peng Li-Ping LP Department of Cardiology, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, - - 2014
To investigate the effect of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) on human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) contraction and relaxation function. We also investigated some effects of pregnancy serum, which was voluntarily provided by women who were 9 months pregnant, on PAPP-A function and endothelial cell function. HUVECs were cultured in ...
Nguyen Minh M INRA, UMR1313 Génétique Animale et Biologie Intégrative, Jouy-en-Josas, - - 2014
Once daily milking (ODM) induces a reduction in milk production when compared to twice daily milking (TDM). Unilateral ODM of one udder half and TDM of the other half, enables the study of underlying mechanisms independently of inter-individual variability (same genetic background) and of environmental factors. Our results show that ...
Nigam Aruna A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi, - - 2014
A urine pregnancy test is commonly used to detect pregnancy and is based on finding intact β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) molecules in the urine by an immunoassay system. However, the significantly large amount of β-hCG in molar pregnancy may paradoxically lead to a false-negative result due to a phenomenon known ...
Aminimoghaddam Soheila S 1. Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Firoozgar Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) disease is excessive and inappropriate proliferation of trophoblast after termination of the pregnancy. Many attempts have been made to improve follow-up procedures, but no studies have evaluated Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (HCG) as a post treatment indicator. Thus we aimed to know β-HCG variability in post treatment ...
Drury-Stewart Danielle N DN Research Institute, Puget Sound Blood Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of - - 2014
The coagulation protein von Willebrand Factor (VWF) is known to be elevated in pregnancy. However, the timing and nature of changes in VWF and associated parameters throughout pregnancy are not well understood. To better understand the changes in VWF provoked by pregnancy, we studied VWF-associated parameters in samples collected over ...
Refaat Bassem B Laboratory Medicine Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Al Abdeyah, Makkah, PO Box 7607, Saudi Arabia. - - 2014
Embryo implantation is a major prerequisite for the successful establishment of pregnancy. Ectopic implantation outside the intrauterine cavity and the development of ectopic pregnancy (EP) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and occasionally mortality during the first trimester. EP may be induced by failure of tubal transport and/or increased ...
Adam G G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of - - 2014
The main objective of this study was to observe the behavior of the fetal head position during labor, when starting from occiput anterior or posterior position and also to determine their importance in labor management (if the starting fetal head position can be a strong argument in favour of vaginal ...
Malm Mari-Cristin MC School of Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, 791 88 Falun, Sweden; Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study women's description of fetal movements in full-term pregnancy. Further to investigate if their descriptions could be sorted with regard to intensity and type of movements, using a matrix under development to be a tool for evaluating fetal movements in clinical praxis. Data were collected by distributing questionnaires including ...
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