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Gilleard Wendy L WL School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, PO Box 157, Lismore, NSW, 2480, Australia. - - 2013
A longitudinal repeated measures design over pregnancy and post-birth, with a control group would provide insight into the mechanical adaptations of the body under conditions of changing load during a common female human lifespan condition, while minimizing the influences of inter human differences. The objective was to investigate systematic changes ...
González-Mesa Ernesto E Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, University Hospital Carlos Haya, Málaga, Spain ; Málaga Research Group in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Biomedical Research Institute of Málaga (IBIMA), Spain ; Servicio de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Hospital Materno Infantil, Arroyo de los Angeles Avenida s/n, 29006 Málaga, - - 2013
Intestinal obstruction is an uncommon surgical emergency during pregnancy that affects seriously the prognosis of gestation. The underlying cause can be identified in the majority of cases and usually consists of adhesions secondary to previous abdominal or pelvic surgery, followed in order of frequency by intestinal volvuli. In recent years ...
Liberty Gad - - 2012
Objectives: We aimed to present a systemic approach for evaluating the fetal pharynx and larynx based on 2DUS and 3DUS modalities. The sonographic appearance and function of the fetal upper respiratory tract are described; anatomical components of the pharynx and larynx were measured. Methods: Gravidae presenting for booked examinations with ...
Toohey Julianne - - 2012
Postpartum depression is the most common complication of pregnancy, affecting 10% to 15% of women. This condition continues to be underdiagnosed and undertreated despite increased awareness. Several risk factors have been identified including anxiety or depression during pregnancy, a history of depression, as well as increased life stressors. Treatment for ...
Chang Shiow-Ru - - 2012
Introduction.  Biopsychological and sociocultural factors have been reported to be associated with sexual function in pregnancy. To date, very few studies have focused on the relationship between sexual function and depression during pregnancy. Aim.  To determine whether depressive symptoms predict overall sexual function, desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain ...
Dipietro Janet A - - 2012
There is significant current interest in the degree to which prenatal exposures, including maternal psychological factors, influence child outcomes. Studies that detect an association between prenatal maternal psychological distress and child developmental outcomes are subject to a number of interpretative challenges in the inference of causality. Some of these are ...
Christian Lisa M - - 2012
Cardiovascular and neuroendocrine reactivity to acute stress are important predictors of health outcomes in non-pregnant populations. Greater magnitude and duration of physiological responses have been associated with increased risk of hypertensive disorders and diabetes, greater susceptibility to infectious illnesses, suppression of cell-mediated immunity as well as risk for depression and ...
Lauszus Finn Friis - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to reveal any association of sexual practice with knowledge about sex education, reproductive physiology and abortion. The study was performed in a non-intervention setting to minimize information bias. A cross-sectional questionnaire was handed out without prior notice to all ninth grade pupils in ...
Hashemi Somayeh - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of anxiety on pregnancy rate after in vitro fertilization (IVF). STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study of 180 infertile women who were referred for IVF treatment to two selected infertility treatment centers in Tehran. They were recruited at the last visit before the procedure ...
Rådestad Ingela - - 2012
Besides the frequency of the fetal movements the woman's perceptions of the movements can give additional information about the unborn baby's wellbeing. To explore women's perceptions of fetal movements in full-term pregnancy. Interviews with 40 women in gestational weeks 37+2 to 41+5, all with uncomplicated pregnancies. All women were recruited ...
Del Giudice Marco - - 2012
Maternal stress during pregnancy has pervasive effects on the offspring's physiology and behavior, including the development of anxious, reactive temperament and increased stress responsivity. These outcomes can be seen as the result of adaptive developmental plasticity: maternal stress hormones carry useful information about the state of the external world, which ...
Hompes Titia - - 2012
Background:This exploratory study investigates the influence of maternal cortisol and emotional state during pregnancy on fetal intra-uterine growth (IUG). We expected higher basal cortisol levels, or more depressive and anxious complaints during pregnancy, to be associated with slower IUG and lower birth weight.Methods:91 pregnant women were recruited from the antenatal ...
Saadai Payam - - 2012
Congenital high airway obstructive syndrome (CHAOS) is a rare and devastating condition that is uniformly fatal without fetal intervention. We sought to describe fetal treatment and long-term outcomes of CHAOS at a single referral center. The medical records of patients with fetal CHAOS evaluated at our center between 1993 and ...
Alderdice Fiona - - 2012
Considerable evidence has accumulated on the association between pregnancy-specific stress and adverse birth outcomes with an increasing number of measures of pregnancy-specific stress being developed internationally. However, the introduction of these measures has not always been theoretically or psychometrically grounded, resulting in questions about the quality and direction of such ...
Kersting Anette - - 2012
The loss of an infant through stillbirth, miscarriage, or neonatal death is recognized as a traumatic life event. Predictors of development of complicated grief after prenatal loss include lack of social support, pre-existing relationship difficulties, or absence of surviving children, as well as ambivalent attitudes or heightened perception of the ...
Hilton-Kamm Debra - - 2012
An online survey for parents of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) was developed to study parents' experiences at the time of diagnosis. The survey was distributed to online support groups. A total of 841 responses from parents of children with CHD were received during a 4-week period. The current ...
Sotiriou Sotirios - - 2012
Congenital dacryocystoceles are a relatively rare variant of nasolacrimal duct obstruction, accounting for only 0.1% of infants with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. We report a new case of bilateral congenital dacrocystoceles diagnosed in an otherwise uncomplicated fetal ultrasound examination during the 33rd week of pregnancy. The diagnosis was confirmed postnatally. ...
Miller Angela M - - 2012
Thirteen percent of women experience postpartum depression. Prenatal screening for anticipated postpartum social support, a postpartum depression risk factor, may allow for early intervention. We sought to validate use of a modified version of the Postpartum Social Support Questionnaire (PSSQ) in pregnant women at increased risk for postpartum depression. Factor ...
Monchek Ruth - - 2012
This article reviews the different disease entities that fall under the classification of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). The conditions included range from molar pregnancy to the malignant forms of gestational trophoblastic neoplasm (GTN). These disorders all arise from abnormal placental trophoblastic development. The different types of GTD, symptomatology, and diagnostic ...
Lydon K - - 2012
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) affects approximately 12% of women. The impact of a diagnosis of GDM may lead to increased stress in pregnancy due to the demands of adherence to a treatment regimen and maternal concern about adverse outcomes for the mother and baby. We examined the psychosocial profile of ...
Baor Liora - - 2012
Twin pregnancies and births resulting from assisted reproductive technologies have been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes and maternal health complications leading to psychologically complex parenting. In the current study the authors assess the prevalence of clinical levels of maternal stress among mothers of twins resulting from in vitro fertilization and ...
Corbacioglu Aytul - - 2012
Introduction.  Female sexual function is negatively influenced by pregnancy due to the physical and emotional changes. Although the most significant effect is seen in the third trimester of pregnancy, a considerable decrease in the frequency of intercourse and sexual desire in the first trimester has also been shown. Aim.  To ...
Buss Claudia C Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. - - 2012
Stress-related variation in the intrauterine milieu may impact brain development and emergent function, with long-term implications in terms of susceptibility for affective disorders. Studies in animals suggest limbic regions in the developing brain are particularly sensitive to exposure to the stress hormone cortisol. However, the nature, magnitude, and time course ...
Kokubu Masayo - - 2012
Postnatal depression and bonding failure after childbirth are major mental health issues. We investigated 99 pregnant women on three occasions (late in pregnancy and 5 days and 1 month postnatally). Anxiety during pregnancy predicted postnatal depression and bonding failure, whereas negative attitudes towards pregnancy predicted bonding failure. The effect of negative attitudes ...
Rakers Florian - - 2012
Prenatal maternal stress (PMS) programs dysregulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA) in postnatal life, though time periods vulnerable to PMS are still unclear. We evaluated in pregnant sheep the effect of PMS during early gestation (30 - 100 days, dGA; term is 150 dGA) or late gestation (100-120 dGA) on ...
Massey Suena H - - 2012
Maternal substance use during pregnancy is a common modifiable risk factor for poor birth outcomes, and is associated with long term psychological risks to offspring. As self concept is known to affect substance use behaviors in non-pregnant women, we hypothesized that self concept as a provider may be particularly salient ...
Li W - - 2012
Stress arousal may compromise the feedback regulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, releasing stress-related biomarkers and thereby affecting establishment of pregnancy. This study examined the relationship between stress and recurrent miscarriage (RM) and the impact of stress on establishment of pregnancy. The stress status of 45 patients with unexplained RM and ...
Chousawai Saruta - - 2012
To determine the efficacy of the rapid biophysical profile (rBPP), which includes sound-provoked fetal movement detected by ultrasonography, and amniotic fluid index for antepartum fetal well-being assessment in suspected intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) fetuses. One hundred seven tests of rBPP were antenatally performed in 30 IUGR fetuses who attended the ...
Gorayeb Ricardo - - 2012
The study's objective was to assess the effect of a cognitive behavioral group intervention on the pregnancy rates of patients submitted to in vitro fertilization (IVF) techniques or to intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The study was conducted on 188 patients, 93 who participated in a group of psychological intervention before ...
Black Amanda Y - - 2012
Adolescent pregnancy remains a public health issue with significant medical, emotional, and societal consequences for the adolescent mother, her child, and her family. Teenage pregnancies are at higher risk of many adverse outcomes, including preterm delivery, low birth weight, and neonatal and infant mortality. Teen pregnancy and motherhood may have ...
Simon Witold - - 2012
Abstract The New Experience for Survivors of Trauma (NEST) is a group psychotherapy intervention for clients traumatized by consequences of abuse, neglect, and pregnancy loss. This multiple site study is the first investigation of its effectiveness. Ninety outpatients from a naturalistic setting completed the Symptom Checklist and the Sense of ...
Coussons-Read Mary E - - 2012
There is mounting evidence that stress during pregnancy can have detrimental effects on gestation and birth. Existing studies indicate that prenatal stress may increase levels of circulating inflammatory markers that are associated with prematurity and pregnancy complications, suggesting that stress-related changes in the cytokine milieu may increase the risk of ...
Grasselli Giacomo - - 2012
We describe the case of a 25 year-old woman at 27 weeks of gestation who was admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU) for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by pandemic 2009 H1N1 influenza A. She presented with septic shock and refractory hypoxemia unresponsive to rescue therapies such as ...
Patel Ashlesha - - 2012
A random sample (20%) of U.S. and territorial emergency departments were surveyed in 2004 and again in 2009 to obtain information about provision and counseling of emergency contraception (EC) to sexual assault victims. A representative sample of 20% of hospitals, stratified by state/ territory was prepared from the American Hospital ...
Oyelese Yinka - - 2012
The placenta and umbilical cord are crucial to the survival and well-being of the fetus. In fact, disorders of either of these may lead to fetal death or severe morbidity. Yet, they are often not accorded appropriate attention in the prenatal sonographic examination. Similarly, the amniotic fluid often reflects the ...
Hui Choi W H - - 2012
hui choi w.h., lee g.l., chan c.h.y., cheung r.y.h., lee i.l.y. & chan c.l.w. (2012) The relationships of social support, uncertainty, self-efficacy, and commitment to prenatal psychosocial adaptation. Journal of Advanced Nursing00(0), 000-000. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.05962.x ABSTRACT: Aims.  To report a study of the relations of prenatal psychosocial adaptation, social support, demographic ...
Fung A M - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by repeated episodes of upper airway obstruction, resulting in hypoxemia, hypercapnia and sleep fragmentation. Pathophysiological sequelae include sympathetic activation, increased oxidative stress and a generalized inflammatory response, culminating in endothelial dysfunction. These are the proposed mechanisms that mediate the increased risk of hypertension and ...
East Patricia L - - 2012
The authors used cross-lagged analyses to examine the across-time influences on and consequences of adolescents' pregnancy intentions, wantedness, and regret. One hundred pregnant Latina adolescents were studied during pregnancy and at 6 and 12 months postpartum. The results revealed 4 main findings: (a) similar to what has been found in ...
Facchinetti Fabio - - 2012
The pathogenesis of preterm birth (PTB) is largely unknown and the endocrine stress pathway is likely to participate in the mechanisms allowing onset of labor. However, the vast majority of the studies evaluating psychosocial distress denied an association with PTB. Uterine contractility rather than PTB seems associated with distress in ...
Forczek Wanda - - 2012
When a woman becomes pregnant her body undergoes tremendous changes hormonally and anatomically. Our survey revealed very little literature on biomechanics of gait in gravidas and lack of consensus among scientists in pregnancy-related mechanisms of body adaptation. That is why the authors felt encouraged to determine the effect of pregnancy ...
Kraft Rory E - - 2012
Abstract:Michigan's Appellate Court ruled in 2004 that a pregnancy that resulted from a rape should be considered a bodily injury for sentencing purposes. Interestingly, all three possible outcomes of a pregnancy-abortion, miscarriage, or childbirth-are considered to bring with them significant and substantial physical, psychological, and emotional changes. While the immediate ...
Hofmeyr G Justus - - 2012
Piracetam is thought to promote the metabolism of brain cells when they are hypoxic. It has been used to prevent adverse effects of fetal distress. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of piracetam for suspected fetal distress in labour on method of delivery and perinatal morbidity. ...
El-Hage Wissam - - 2012
The aim of the study was to characterize the maternal dimensions of anxiety, depression and prenatal attachment in women undergoing an amniocentesis. A prospective observational study was conducted. Women were referred to early amniocentesis for increased nuchal translucency, elevated biochemical markers or advanced maternal age. All participants had 3 prenatal ...
Lukasse Mirjam - - 2012
Few studies have investigated the impact of sexual violence on health during pregnancy. We examined the association between sexual violence and the reporting of physical symptoms during pregnancy. A population-based national cohort study conducted by The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study (MoBa) collected data from pregnant women through postal ...
Myers Dean A - - 2012
By late gestation, the maturing hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis aids the fetus in responding to stress. Hypoxia represents a significant threat to the fetus accompanying situations such as preeclampsia, smoking, high altitude, and preterm labor. We developed a model of high-altitude (3,820 m), long-term hypoxia (LTH) in pregnant sheep. We describe the ...
Vila-Vives José María JM Department of Obstetrics, La Fe University Hospital, Bulevar Sur s/n, 46026 Valencia, - - 2012
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenital is a rare condition defined as contractures in multiple joints at birth due to disorders starting in fetal life. Its etiology is associated with many different conditions and in many instances remains unknown. The final common pathway to all of them is decreased fetal movement (fetal akinesia) ...
Rezaee Zahra Z Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2012
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common causes of endocrine disorders and main reasons for infertility due to unovulation and recurrent abortions. There is no consensus on effect of serum progesterone level on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) injection. This study aims to evaluate the ...
Lanik Aaron D - - 2012
The preconception counseling visit is an ideal time to evaluate the patient and her future expectations regarding pregnancy. In fact at every patient encounter, whether for acute or chronic care, consideration should be given to any woman who, although not pregnant, may become pregnant, and what effect each ordered procedure, ...
Fenwick Jennifer - - 2012
To explore and describe men's experiences of pregnancy and childbirth expectations. There remains limited work exploring expectant father's perspectives. Qualitative descriptive design. Twelve Australian expectant fathers participated in between 1 and 2 interviews during pregnancy and 1 after childbirth (32 in total). Six fathers also chose to submit a number ...
Clark Kit - - 2011
Pregnancy is not always an expected or happy event. When a woman is facing an unplanned pregnancy, it can be a very difficult emotional experience. As with any pregnancy, working in a prenatal setting can impact how a woman feels about and handles her pregnancy. Once again, one genetic counselor ...
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