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De Marco C S - - 2002
During pregnancy, changes in oxygen tension are essential for proper embryonic and placental development. Little is known about the mechanisms underlying mammalian cellular adaptations to changes in oxygen tension. Currently, we have explored putative mechanisms by which human trophoblast cells may sense oxygen. In order to investigate a role for ...
WilczyƄski Jacek R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Transient hypertension (TH) and preeclampsia (PE) are believed to have different pathophysiology. However, 15-25% of pregnant women initially diagnosed as having TH develop PE. To clarify the immuno-pathogenetical connections between the two syndromes, we studied the pattern of T helper cell (Th)1/Th2 cytokine balance disturbances existing inside maternal decidua ...
Muñoz Nilda M - - 2002
We have developed a sensitive sandwich ELISA (sELISA) for quantitative determination of group V phospholipase A(2) (gVPLA(2)). This assay utilizes three monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed against human gVPLA(2) (MCL-1B7, MCL-2A5, and MCL-3G1), which recognize specifically different epitopes of gVPLA(2). A mixture of MCL-1B7 and MCL-2A5 was used as the capture ...
Sedlmayr P - - 2002
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) has been implicated in regulation of feto-maternal tolerance and protection against intracellular and extracellular pathogens. We have studied the expression of IDO in the human female reproductive tract and the placenta by immunohistochemistry. Endometrial glandular and surface epithelial cells showed increasing IDO expression during the course of ...
Yoneyama Yoshio - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between changes in plasma adenosine concentration and imbalances in the T-helper 1/T-helper 2 ratio in peripheral blood of women with preeclampsia. METHODS: Plasma adenosine concentrations and the T-helper 1/T-helper 2 ratio were examined in the peripheral blood of 16 preeclamptic and normal pregnant women. The ...
Carson Johnny L - - 2002
Ciliogenesis in human fetal airway epithelium occurs from 11 to 24 gestational weeks. Using genetic and antigenic markers specific for human axonemal dynein heavy chain 9, we characterized temporal aspects of axonemal dynein expression associated with large airway epithelial ciliogenesis during human fetal development. Late in the first trimester, an ...
Ha Seckho - - 2002
We cloned mouse ING1 homologue (mINGh), an A1/Bfl-1-interacting protein, from mouse mammary glands using a yeast two-hybrid assay and unexpectedly found four splicing variants of mINGh by reverse transcription-PCR assay and sequence analysis. The alternative splicing variants were mINGh-S, mINGh-M, mINGh-L, and mINGh-L2 encoding 171, 248, 166, and 227 amino ...
Garlow Jane E - - 2002
Noninvasive, epitheliochorial placentation in the pig follows a prolonged preimplantation period characterized by migration, spacing and elongation of conceptuses, and secretion of estrogen for maternal recognition of pregnancy. Osteopontin (OPN) is an extracellular matrix protein that binds integrins to promote cell-cell attachment and communication. OPN appears to play a key ...
Kim Yong - - 2002
A series of 3,4-diaryl-2(5H)-furanone derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxicity in a small panel of cancer cell lines. Four out of 10 compounds in this series, for example 3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-, 3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-4-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-, 3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-4-(3-amino-4-methoxyphenyl)-, and 3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-4-(2-naphthyl)-2(5H)-furanones, were found to have potent cytotoxic activities with ED50 values of less than 20 nM ...
Ben-Zimra Micha - - 2002
The ontogeny and functional role of steroidogenesis during mammalian gestation is poorly understood. This review provides a summary of our recent findings on the spatio-temporal expression of key steroidogenic genes controlling progesterone synthesis in the uterus during mouse pregnancy. We have shown that onset of cholesterol side chain cleavage cytochrome ...
Luppi P - - 2002
PROBLEM: Normal pregnancy has been described as both a pro-inflammatory condition and a T helper (Th)2-dominated state. Deviations in the percentage of different subpopulations of circulating leukocytes have been detected, although with conflicting results. This study was designed to analyse further the phenotype of subpopulations of peripheral blood leukocytes in ...
Craven Catherine M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that placenta growth and basal plate (Nitabuch's fibrinoid) formation involves fibrin deposition in decidual veins as trophoblast cells invade. STUDY DESIGN: Decidua from women who underwent first trimester elective pregnancy termination (n = 15 women), in situ pregnancy (n = 2 women), and ectopic pregnancy (n = ...
Savion S - - 2002
PROBLEM: The mechanisms mediating pregnancy loss induced by various agents are far from being understood. Thus, we investigated the possible involvement of one such mechanism, the apoptotic process, in pregnancy loss induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or cyclophosphamide (CP) as well as the associated changes in the apoptosis-regulating gene products p53 ...
Liu Zhe - - 2002
To investigate the possible mechanisms by which interferon gamma (IFNgamma) affects pregnancy, the expression of class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens and cleavage of DNA that is a hallmark of apoptosis in the placenta were examined by molecular biochemical techniques, and progesterone levels were examined by radioimmunoassay. The semi-quantitative ...
Leonardsson Göran - - 2002
Spatial and temporal regulation of gene expression by a number of different nuclear receptors is critical in female reproduction. In this study we investigated whether the nuclear receptor corepressor nuclear receptor interacting protein 1 (Nrip1)/RIP140, which is essential for ovulation, is also required for postovulatory events, leading to pregnancy and ...
Orlandi Augusto - - 2002
Previously we documented that propionyl-L-carnitine (PLC) reduces the growth of atherosclerotic lesions in cholesterol-fed aged rabbits in association with a decrease of plaque smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and plasma triglycerides. To clarify whether PLC might influence SMC growth through mechanisms other than triglyceride lowering, we investigated the effect of ...
Orchard Megan D - - 2002
Distribution patterns of the tight junction associated proteins ZO-1, claudin-1 and occludin were investigated in rat uterine epithelial cells during early pregnancy. Light microscopy and immunohistochemical labelling were used to detect these proteins on days 1, 3, 6 and 7 of pregnancy. Intense staining of claudin-1 at the apical region ...
Danihel L'udovít - - 2002
Trophoblast has unique properties in relation to its wide range of metabolic, endocrine and angiogenic functions. Trophoblastic cells invade endometrium and adjacent myometrium in a way that is imitated by malignant tumours. The aim of the present study was to analyse the expression of markers of proliferation and apoptosis in ...
Simpson H - - 2002
Normal human pregnancy depends on physiological transformation of spiral arteries. Pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction are associated with impaired trophoblast invasion and spiral artery transformation. Recent data obtained from studies on placenta suggest that temporal changes in expression of TGF-beta3 play a key role in trophoblast invasion and that over-expression ...
Odum C U - - 2002
A retrospective study of pregnancy outcome in 60 HbSS sickle cell disease patients, exclusively managed in accordance with standard management modality, as obtained in the obstetric Unit of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), was carried out over a 3-year period (1995-1997). The study shows an increase in the number ...
Ohno Yasumasa - - 2002
Pure red cell aplasia during pregnancy is rare. We present a case in a 26-year-old pregnant woman, referred to our hospital at 31 weeks' gestation because of severe anemia caused by acute hepatitis. She was treated with repeated blood transfusions and the pure red cell aplasia gradually remitted during the ...
Jones C J P - - 2002
The recent birth of a camel-llama hybrid, after numerous failed attempts, has prompted an investigation into the glycosylation of apposing fetal and maternal tissues of pregnant camels and alpacas. This study was undertaken to determine whether interspecies differences in glycans are factors that may account in part for the difficulty ...
Mellembakken Jan Roar - - 2002
Endothelial dysfunction and inflammation appear to play a major role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. We hypothesize that a chronic inflammation in the decidua and placenta during preeclampsia may lead to a local leukocyte activation in this compartment. Venous blood was sampled simultaneously from antecubital and uterine veins during cesarean ...
Christodoulakis N S - - 2002
Stomata of various sizes are produced on the primary root of Ceratonia siliqua L. Most are generated during embryogenesis, prior to seed desiccation. They can be detected on the dry embryo in a wide zone just above the root tip. Initially, large stomata are formed. These have the ability to ...
Suzuki Rami N - - 2002
Integrins have been shown to exert regulatory influences on mammary differentiation and morphogenesis in rodent experimental systems. We have, therefore, examined the expression patterns of integrin subunits on human breast tissues obtained at the 12th, 15th and 18th weeks of pregnancy. Myoepithelial cells were positive for all the integrin subunits ...
Sato T A - - 2001
PROBLEM: The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1beta has been shown to stimulate the production of prostaglandins (PG) in gestational tissues. Increased PG synthesis is considered a key step in the initiation of labor both at term and preterm. In this study. IL-1beta mRNA in the uterus and gestational tissues of mice ...
Al-Mufti R - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is a delay or reversal in switch mechanisms from embryonic (e and z) to fetal (g) hemoglobins accompanying the erythroblastosis of anemic fetuses and whether an increased erythroblast count in fetal blood is associated with an increase in feto-maternal cell trafficking. DESIGN AND ...
Morikawa M - - 2001
PROBLEM: The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy of massive intravenous immunoglobulin (MIVIg) treatment for women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) of unexplained etiology, and to investigate changes in peripheral natural killer (NK) cell activity and subsets. METHOD OF STUDY: MIVIg treatment was performed in 18 pregnancies ...
Jones C J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To understand factors controlling endometrial responses to pregnancy, we have established a model using the baboon and examined the effects of infused human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) on the preparation of the luminal epithelium and stromal cell differentiation for the establishment of pregnancy. METHODS: The ultrastructure of endometrium from normal ...
Taniguchi Y - - 2001
Proliferation of somatotrophs and mammotrophs in the rat pituitary during late fetal and postnatal periods up to 4 weeks after birth was quantitatively studied with the double immunostaining of bromodeoxyuridine and the hormones produced by them. Somatotrophs were first detected in 18.5-day fetuses and rapidly increased in number throughout the ...
Yamada Z - - 2001
Advanced maternal age is known to be a risk factor for various kinds of obstetric complications, including placental dysfunction. As a first step towards determining the maternal age-related changes in placental, as well as trophoblastic function, we examined the incidences of apoptotic and proliferative cells in trophoblasts of placentae from ...
Zourbas S - - 2001
The involvement of some interleukins (ILs) in early and established pregnancy has been convincingly demonstrated, but little is known about the potential role of the more recently discovered ones. However, since many of these have positive or negative regulatory effects on both NK and T cells, it is highly probable ...
Ljubimov A V - - 2001
We previously found an abnormal deposition of an extracellular matrix glycoprotein, tenascin-C (TN-C), in human corneas with pseudophakic/aphakic bullous keratopathy (PBK/ABK). In this work, we studied cellular TN-C receptors in normal and PBK/ABK corneas. Cryostat sections of normal and PBK/ABK corneas were stained by immuno-fluorescence for TN-C receptors: alpha2, alpha8, ...
O'Regan E M - - 2001
The giant cell granuloma of the jaws is a benign osteolytic lesion that may be treated by curettage, intralesional corticosteroids, or calcitonin. These medical treatments may be particularly useful when lesions arise in the immature facial skeleton, recur, or enlarge very rapidly-the last two situations being recognized complications of pregnancy. ...
Ho H N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether maternal immune responses during normal pregnancy are Th2 biased and whether there are specific changes when anembryonic pregnancy occurs. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at a university hospital. PATIENT(S): We studied 32 pregnant women receiving elective abortions of normal pregnancies and 35 ...
Voullaire L - - 2001
Fetal nucleated red blood cells (n-rbc) occur in the maternal circulation from 7 weeks of pregnancy. The enrichment of these cells from maternal blood will depend upon their stage of differentiation, which changes during development. We characterised the fetal n-rbc from chorionic villus sample (CVS) washings and used them to ...
Ellinger I - - 2001
The murine neonatal Fc receptor, FcRn, carries out two functions: materno-fetal IgG delivery and maintenance of serum IgG homeostasis. During human pregnancy maternal IgG is transferred across placental syncytiotrophoblasts presumably by the human homolog of FcRn, hFcRn. Trophoblast-derived BeWo cells express hFcRn endogenously and can be considered as a model ...
Challis J R - - 2001
Increased uterine contractility at term and preterm results from activation and then stimulation of the myometrium. Activation can be provoked by mechanical stretch of the uterus and by an endocrine pathway resulting from increased activity of the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In fetal sheep, increased cortisol output during pregnancy regulates ...
Propst A M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is an angiogenic growth factor present in human endometrium and myometrium. Women with leiomyoma-related abnormal uterine bleeding have local dysregulation of bFGF and its type 1 receptor (FGF-R). This study was designed to evaluate if adenomyosis expresses bFGF and FGF-R, and if present, to ...
Zhong X Y - - 2001
Elevations in fetal cell traffic as well as increased release of cell-free fetal DNA into the maternal periphery have previously been shown to occur in pregnancies affected by preeclampsia. Our own investigations have shown that manifestation of preeclampsia is associated with an increased accumulation of circulatory fetal DNA as well ...
Schueler P A - - 2001
We have investigated whether maternal peripheral blood from the first trimester of pregnancy is a reliable source of identifiable trophoblast cells. The cells were enriched from 30 ml of venous blood, with multiple antibodies shown previously to enrich trophoblasts and a new cocktail based on known trophoblast surface features. Three ...
Khan K N - - 2001
Cyclooxygenase (COX) exists in two related but unique isoforms, COX-1 and COX-2, and is suggested to have specific functions in different segments of the nephron. COX-2 knockout mice develop fatal nephropathy, which implies that this isoform is important during nephrogenesis. The histologic changes seen in the COX-2 knockout mice are ...
Hasan A - - 2001
We show that the arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is localised in a distinct pattern in the preimplantation rabbit uterus. Employing immunohistochemistry, uteri from mature and immature rabbits were studied in different pregnancy stages during the preimplantation period (non-pregnant/estrous, pregnant and pseudopregnant) and following treatment with estradiol and progesterone, respectively. The staining ...
Fei G - - 2001
The exact role of apoptosis that occurs in human placenta during the early stage of pregnancy remains unknown because of the difficulty in obtaining the intact implantation site. In this study, we used rhesus monkey as an animal model to examine apoptosis occurring in the implantation site at various stages ...
Mavrou A - - 2001
Fetal nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) entering maternal circulation during pregnancy constitute a potential source of material for safe and reliable noninvasive prenatal diagnosis. The increased prevalence of beta-thalassemia mutations in countries like Greece may create a problem, making it difficult to distinguish between NRBCs of fetal or maternal origin. ...
Bianchi D W - - 2001
In human pregnancy, multiple lines of evidence have indicated that there is trafficking of nucleated cells and cell-free DNA between the mother and fetus. Diagnostically, fetal cells in maternal blood and fetal DNA in maternal plasma offer a noninvasive source of fetal material for prenatal diagnosis. Through the developments of ...
Schneider M L - - 2001
In this paper we review three prospective longitudinal studies from our laboratory examining the effects of prenatal stress on early neuro behavior, stress reactivity and learning performance in rhesus monkeys. Either a noise stressor or ACTH treatment was administered to pregnant monkeys during specific periods of pregnancy and offspring were ...
Varayoud J - - 2001
Different organs contain fibroblasts with specific features and functions, indicating the complexity of fibroblast biology. In the rat cervical stroma, fibroblasts are preferentially located in the fibrous ring that surrounds the mucous layer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphological features and immunophenotype of fibroblastic cells of ...
Jerez A - - 2001
Analysis of placentation in the final stages of development in Mabuya mabouya shows that the placenta is formed by the apposition of the chorioallantois to the uterine mucosa implicating the entire embryonic chamber, because the allantoic vesicle invades all the exocoelom. The chorioallantoic placenta presents the features proper of a ...
Mellor A L - - 2001
Mammals owe their existence to immunosuppressive processes that prevent fetal rejection in utero. Blocking tryptophan catabolism during murine pregnancy allows maternal T cells to provoke fetal allograft rejection. Cells expressing indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), which catabolizes tryptophan, prevent T cell cycle progression and enhance activation induced T cell death. Here, we ...
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