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Results 701 - 750 of 1543
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Li Yan - - 2003
Steroidogenesis in the placenta has been studied widely, but little is known about steroid metabolism in ectopic pregnancy. Previous studies have indicated that trophoblast invasion and placentation in the uterus and the fallopian tube may be controlled by similar mechanisms. As far as 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) production is concerned, it has ...
Reed Ann M - - 2003
Bidirectional cell trafficking occurs between a mother and fetus during pregnancy. This trafficking is associated with the persistence of non-self cells and is termed chimerism or, because of the low levels of non-self cells, microchimerism. Persistence of these cells has been demonstrated for many years after birth in the child ...
Fernández-Suárez A - - 2003
The objective of this study was to determine the nature of the alarm for immature granulocytes appearing in haemograms from pregnant women, as detected by the immature cell information channel (IMI) of the SE-9000 automated haematology analyser. Of all tests run on pregnant women in a 4-month period (n = ...
Szereday Laszlo - - 2003
PROBLEM: Potentially cytotoxic Vdelta2+ T lymphocytes recognize human leukocyte antigen-E on the trophoblast via their CD94/NKG2A receptors. This study aims at determing the percentage of gamma/delta T-cell subsets, their NKG2A and Annexin V positivity in peripheral blood of healthy pregnant women and women at risk of premature pregnancy termination. METHOD ...
Nakayama Jun - - 2003
Trophinin, tastin, and bystin have been identified as molecules potentially involved in human embryo implantation. Both trophoblasts and endometrial epithelial cells express trophinin, which mediates apical cell adhesion through homophilic trophinin-trophinin binding. We hypothesized that trophinin's function in embryo implantation is unique to humans and investigated the expression of trophinin, ...
Moraes Suzana Guimarães - - 2004
In many species, the cartilaginous pubic symphysis of the pregnant female is gradually replaced by a fibrous connective tissue, forming a flexible and elastic interpubic ligament. This newly formed ligament is responsible for the separation of the pubic bones, enabling safe delivery of the young. Following labor, the ligament undergoes ...
Chanmahasathien Wisinee - - 2003
A new prenylated xanthone, 1,3,5,6-tetrahydroxy-4,7,8-tri(3-methyl-2-butenyl)xanthone (1), was isolated from the wood of Garcinia xanthochymus together with a known xanthone, garciniaxanthone E (2). Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1 (3 microM) and 2 (10 microM) elicited marked enhancement of nerve growth factor-mediated neurite outgrowth in PC12D cells.
Geisert R D - - 2003
Attachment of the placenta to the uterus in pigs involves extracellular interaction between the expanding trophoblastic membrane and the thick glycocalyx present on the uterine epithelial microvilli. Formation of complexes between members of inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor family may function in the maintenance of the extracellular matrix. This study investigated the change ...
Iyer Yegneshwar S - - 2003
Fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) is a major hemoglobin (Hb) component at birth. Hb F levels are markedly elevated in a number of inherited and acquired disorders. Measurement of Hb F levels is usually carried out by alkali denaturation which is not very accurate for low and high values. An accurate ...
Ciarmela Pasquapina - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Betaglycan is a membrane-anchored proteoglycan involved in mediating the passage of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), inhibin and activin activities into cells. TGF-beta and inhibin-related proteins are growth factors that are expressed by several tIssues and in pregnancy. They have a function in modulating the growth, differentiation and invasion of ...
von Rango U - - 2003
During the first trimester of pregnancy extravillous trophoblast cells (EVT) invade the maternal decidua. Invasion normally is reduced from the second trimester onwards and stops in the inner third of the myometrium. By contrast, in extrauterine tubal pregnancy, trophoblast invasion may even penetrate the tubal wall, which ultimately leads to ...
Khosrotehrani Kiarash - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Fetal cells enter the maternal circulation during most pregnancies. Their persistence for years occurs in only some women and has been associated with several autoimmune diseases such as systemic sclerosis. The objective of this study was to determine whether pregnancy history influences the persistence of fetal microchimeric cells. METHODS: ...
Olivera L V M - - 2003
This study analyses the manner in which trophoblast cells adhere to uterine epithelium and the subsequent interactions that contribute to the establishment of epitheliochorial placentation in the alpaca Lama pacos. Specimens at the luteal and follicular phases and at 22, 26, 30 and 45 days of pregnancy (op) were processed ...
Austin Kathy J - - 2004
The interferon-stimulated gene ISG15, a ubiquitin homolog, becomes conjugated to and regulates uterine proteins in response to conceptus-derived interferon-tau on d 18 of pregnancy. It was hypothesized here that cellular localization of ISG15 within endometrial cells might provide insight regarding function. Uteri were collected from cows (approximately 21-d estrous cycle) ...
Herr Friederike - - 2003
Adaptation of the maternal uterine vasculature is essential for normal fetal and placental development in which angiogenesis is considered one of the most critical adaptive changes during pregnancy. Highly expressed in cytotrophoblasts and maternal endothelial cells during pregnancy, IGF-II promotes cell migration and regulates fetal and placental growth. We hypothesized ...
Sharpe R M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The neonatal period of pituitary-testicular activity (NPTA) in human males has been hypothesized to play a role in germ cell proliferation and differentiation and to be defective in cryptorchid testes. The present study was carried out to establish in the marmoset if suppression of the NPTA, by treatment with ...
Alfaidy Nadia - - 2003
Late human gestation is associated with an increase in the concentration of cortisol (F) in the fetal circulation and amniotic fluid. It had been assumed that most of the F measured in the amniotic fluid came from the fetal adrenal gland. However, local production of F can also occur in ...
Sindram-Trujillo Aliana P - - 2003
As pregnancy progresses, a characteristic decline in the percentage of CD56bright CD16- uterine natural killer (NK) cells occurs. Studies of term decidua, however, have focused only on leukocytes derived from decidua basalis, the site of implantation. The decidua parietalis, lining the remainder of the uterine cavity is another important region ...
Boos A - - 2003
Placental growth can be achieved by either cellular proliferation or hypertrophy. Tissue regeneration and the nutrition of the fetus via embryotrophe require high rates of cellular turnover and the so-called pre-term 'maturation' of the placenta is correlated with a reduction of maternal crypt epithelial cells. Placentomes of 45 pregnant cows ...
Carazo-Salas Rafael E - - 2003
The mitotic spindle of animal cells is a bipolar array of microtubules that guides chromosome segregation during cell division. It has been proposed that during spindle assembly chromatin can positively influence microtubule stability at a distance from its surface throughout its neighboring cytoplasm. However, such an "à distance" effect has ...
Emond Vincent - - 2004
On the basis of results obtained in vitro, we previously proposed a model in which signals from the conceptus, namely interferon-tau (IFN-tau) and prostaglandin E2, increase the expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in immune and nonimmune cells of the bovine endometrium. Two experiments were conducted to ...
Athapathu H - - 2003
A prospective study to determine whether there is a progressive increase in the number of apoptotic cells in the trophoblasts in the placentae of the final few weeks (39 - 41 weeks) of human uncomplicated pregnancy was carried out at a teaching hospital in Sri Lanka between July 1999 and ...
Mavrou A - - 2003
AIM: To investigate the use of anti-hemoglobin-epsilon antibody in order to identify fetal cells in the maternal circulation during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 48 blood samples were obtained from pregnant women, 26 in the 1st trimester and 22 in the 2nd trimester. Magnetic activated cell sorting was used for fetal ...
Cencic A - - 2003
Between days 12 and 20 of pregnancy, the trophectoderm of the porcine conceptus secretes two species of interferons (IFN): IFN-gamma (Type II), which is produced in substantial amounts, and IFN-delta (type I), for which secretion peaks at days 15-16 of gestation. The role of these embryonic IFNs is not known. ...
Clark David A - - 2003
PROBLEM: Th1 cytokine-dependent abortions in the CBA x DBA/2 mouse model have been linked to down-regulation of expression of the CD200 (OX-2) 'tolerance' signal on trophoblast and in decidua prior to onset of the abortion process. Abortions could be prevented by administration of a soluble CD200. Is CD200 expressed on ...
Rajashekhar G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) is a member of the immunoglobulin gene superfamily and is expressed principally on endothelial cells. The present study was undertaken to compare the expression and secretion of VCAM-1 from normal pregnancies and those complicated by fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: Placentas from first-trimester ...
Hennerbichler Simone - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to assess the feasibility of analysis of fetal nucleated red blood cells (NRBC) present in the maternal circulation by laser-scanning cytometry. METHODS: CD71-positive cells were obtained by magnetic cell sorting of peripheral blood of pregnant women after density centrifugation. Immunofluorescence for the Hbgamma-chain ...
Keelan Jeffrey A - - 2003
The placenta and fetal membranes are the site of expression of macrophage inhibitory cytokine (MIC-1), a member of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta superfamily. We hypothesized that MIC-1 may act as an immune regulator in pregnancy complications associated with intrauterine inflammation. Decidual cells, chorionic trophoblasts and amnion epithelial cells were ...
Kesmir Can - - 2003
Intracellular proteins are degraded largely by proteasomes. In cells stimulated with gamma interferon, the active proteasome subunits are replaced by "immuno" subunits that form immunoproteasomes. Phylogenetic analysis of the immunosubunits has revealed that they evolve faster than their constitutive counterparts. This suggests that the immunoproteasome has evolved a function that ...
Bayrak-Toydemir Pinar - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to enhance and apply a simple system capable of testing the capacity of putative, gender-independent fetal cell markers, individually and in combination, to discriminate between fetal and maternal cells. METHODS: Chorionic villi tissue obtained from 25 male pregnancies at 10 to 12 weeks' ...
O'Donoghue K - - 2003
Strategies for genetic prenatal diagnosis on fetal cells in the maternal circulation have been limited by lack of a cell type present only in fetal blood. However, the recent identification of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in first trimester fetal blood offers the prospect of targeting MSC for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis. ...
Rowe A J - - 2003
Implantation of a blastocyst into a receptive endometrium is a prerequisite for successful pregnancy. Angiogenesis is a key event in this process but the mechanisms by which localized changes in vascular permeability and angiogenesis occur have yet to be elucidated. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors VEGFR-1 and ...
Goffin F - - 2003
Trophoblast differentiation is a key event in human placental development. During extravillous trophoblast (EVT) differentiation, stem cells from the anchoring villi detach from their basement membrane and proliferate to form aggregates called trophoblast cell columns (TCCs). They subsequently invade the decidua and differentiate into interstitial and endovascular trophoblasts. The influence ...
Bianchi D W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) held a workshop on 27-28 July 2000 to bring together investigators working in the field of fetomaternal cellular and nucleic acid trafficking with the hope that this would stimulate further research into the biological implications of such phenomena. METHODS: ...
Darmochwal-Kolarz D - - 2003
The aim of this study was to estimate the populations of peripheral blood myeloid and lymphoid dendritic cells (CD1c(+), BDCA-2(+), BDCA-4(+)) and the CD1c(+):BDCA-2(+) ratio in phases of the ovarian cycle and in normal pregnant patients. 18 non-pregnant women and 17 normal pregnant women were included. Dendritic cells were isolated ...
O'Shaughnessy P J - - 2003
Adult Leydig cell steroidogenesis is dependent on LH but fetal Leydig cells can function independently of gonadotropin stimulation. To identify factors that may be involved in regulation of fetal Leydig cells expressed sequence tag libraries from fetal and adult testes were compared, and fetal-specific genes identified. The ACTH receptor [melanocortin ...
Zenclussen A C - - 2003
PROBLEM: We previously reported a diminished expression of the heme-degrading enzymes heme oxygenases (HO)-1 and HO-2 in decidua and placenta from mice undergoing Th1-mediated abortion, strongly indicating the protective effect of HO in murine pregnancy maintenance. Here we investigated whether the expression of HO-1 and HO-2 is also reduced at ...
Qi Yingchuan - - 2003
Recent studies have demonstrated that oligodendrocyte progenitor (OLP) cells are induced from the ventral neural tube by the ventral midline signal, Sonic hedgehog (Shh). In this study, we investigated the role of Gli2 signal transducer in Shh induction of oligodendrocytes by studying oligodendrocyte development in Gli2-null mutants. In the absence ...
Ciarmela P - - 2003
Activin A is a placental glycoprotein and possible biological actions during pregnancy, suggested by experimental data, are the modulation of cytotrophoblast differentiation, placental hormonogenesis and uterotonins secretion. Follistatin-related gene (FLRG) is a 70 amino acids protein which binds activin A with high affinity, and which modulates its biological effects on ...
Yun Kyuson - - 2003
The function of the Gsh1 and Gsh2 homeobox transcription factors during development of the mouse telencephalon was studied using loss of function mutations. No telencephalic phenotype was observed in Gsh1 mutants, whereas Gsh2 and Gsh1/2 mutants showed progressively more severe defects in development of neurons derived from the lateral ganglionic ...
Olivera Luis - - 2003
Reproduction in South American camelids is poorly studied. To extend our knowledge of the development and cellular physiology of the placenta in the alpaca Lama pacos, we have examined specimens from day 150 of pregnancy to term. Morphological investigations using light, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, the histochemical localization of ...
Wang Hongmei - - 2003
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is fundamental for development and maintenance of endometrial and placental vascular function during pregnancy. While there are a number of studies on VEGF in the human placenta, they are mostly restricted to late pregnancy. To further understand the role of VEGF in mediating angiogenesis during ...
Lind Anna-Britta AB Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology, Uppsala University Hospital, SE-751 85 Uppsala, - - 2003
We investigated the influence of human pregnancy on gene expression of two cytochrome P450 enzymes in white blood cells. Cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1) catalyses oestradiol 4-hydroxylation, and may participate in the endocrine regulation of oestrogens. Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) metabolises many commonly used drugs, and previous studies have suggested that ...
Paumi Christian M - - 2003
One of the most potent cyclopentenone prostaglandins, 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)prostaglandin J(2) (15-d-PGJ(2)), has been shown to be cytotoxic in some tumor cells and, as a ligand of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), to influence the transcriptional regulation of several genes. We examined whether a glutathione conjugate of 15-d-PGJ(2), 15-d-PGJ(2)-SG, is formed ...
Guibourdenche J - - 2003
Pregnancy-associated placental protein-A (PAPP-A), first isolated from maternal serum, has been identified as a metalloprotease cleaving insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4). The source of PAPP-A during pregnancy is unclear. We therefore investigated PAPP-A expression during in vitro human villous cytotrophoblast cell (CT) differentiation into syncytiotrophoblast (ST). CT were isolated ...
Giudice Linda C - - 2003
The post-genomic era has now arrived, and science and biology are on the threshold of a transition from understanding functions of single molecules and pathways in cells, tissues and whole organisms to understanding integrative systems. The endometrium is a dynamic tissue that responds to multiple stimuli, depending on physiological and ...
Ober Carole - - 2003
The HLA-G gene is primarily expressed in placental cells that invade the maternal decidua during pregnancy. This gene encodes multiple isoforms that fulfill a variety of functions at the maternal-fetal interface throughout gestation. Recently, a null allele for the most abundant HLA-G isoform was associated with recurrent miscarriage in two ...
Cioni Riccardo - - 2003
There is increasing evidence that fetal cells are commonly shed toward the cervix and in maternal circulation during pregnancy. In this study, a sample of peritoneal fluid was retrieved from a primigravida at 12 weeks' gestation undergoing urgent intervention for the torsion of an adnexal mass; the sample was then ...
Lee Rita S F - - 2003
Colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) is a hematopoetic cytokine that also plays an important role in placental physiology. We report here the molecular cloning of two alternative splice variants of the bovine gene coding for a putative secreted and a membrane-bound form of the cytokine and the dynamic regulation of expression ...
Khosrotehrani Kiarash - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fetal cells enter the maternal circulation during most pregnancies and can persist in maternal blood and tissues after delivery. Concerns with regard to the histocompatibility of these fetal cells have raised the question of the long-term consequences of an immune response on maternal health. In the past ...
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