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Results 501 - 550 of 1586
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Thorn Eric M - - 2007
Pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), originally discovered as a glycoprotein found in the serum of pregnant women, is emerging as a potential biomarker of plaque instability. It is produced by the syncytiotrophoblasts of the placenta and circulates in the form of an approximately 500 kDa heterotetramer. In addition, PAPP-A is ...
Zhou Cissy Chenyi CC Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of Texas-Houston Medical School, 6431 Fannin, MSB 6.200 Houston, TX 77030, - - 2007
Maternal endothelial dysfunction in preeclampsia is associated with increased soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), a circulating antagonist of vascular endothelial growth factor and placental growth factor. Angiotensin II (Ang II) is a potent vasoconstrictor that increases concomitant with sFlt-1 during pregnancy. Therefore, we speculated that Ang II may promote the ...
Croy B Anne - - 2006
In adult females of many species, a transient population of natural killer (NK) cells appears in cycles within the uterine endometrium (lining). Appearance of these lymphocytes coincides with specific phases of the ovarian hormone cycle and/or early pregnancy. Studies in rodents, women, and pigs dominate the literature and suggest the ...
White Frankie J - - 2006
Secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1, osteopontin) is the most highly upregulated extracellular matrix/adhesion molecule/cytokine in the receptive phase human uterus, and Spp1 null mice manifest decreased pregnancy rates during mid-gestation as compared with wild-type counterparts. We hypothesize that Spp1 is required for proliferation, migration, survival, adhesion, and remodeling of cells at ...
Hicks Stuart W - - 2006
Golgin-160 is a ubiquitously expressed peripheral Golgi membrane protein that is important for transduction of certain pro-apoptotic signals at the Golgi complex. However, the role of golgin-160 in normal Golgi structure and function is unknown. Here, we show that depletion of golgin-160 using RNA interference (RNAi) does not affect Golgi ...
Mun Kein-Seong - - 2006
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the ten most common cancers in Malaysian males. As cellular proliferation is an important feature of malignant transformation, we studied the proliferation pattern of normal and benign perineoplastic liver versus hepatocellular carcinoma in an attempt to further understand the tumour transformation process. 39 HCC (21 ...
Piccinni Marie-Pierre - - 2006
This review focuses on the possible role of T cells in successful pregnancy and in unexplained recurrent abortion. The functions exhibited by Th1 and Th2 cells have suggested, perhaps in a simplistic way, that Th1-type cytokines, which promote allograft rejection, may compromise pregnancy, whereas the Th2-type cytokines, by inhibiting Th1 ...
Nan Chang-Long - - 2007
Somatic cell nuclei can be dedifferentiated in ooplasm from another species, and interspecies cloned embryos can be implanted into the uteri of surrogates. However, no full pregnancies have been achieved through interspecific mammalian cloning. Rat blastocysts transferred into mouse uteri provide a unique model for studying the causes of interspecific ...
Jones Rebecca L - - 2006
Maternal-fetal communications are critical for the establishment of pregnancy. Embryonic growth and differentiation factors produced by the oviduct and uterus play essential roles during the pre- and early post-implantation phases. Although several studies indicate roles for activin in embryonic development, gene-knockout studies have failed to identify a critical role in ...
Majewska Marta - - 2006
The objective of this study was to localize the immuno-positive porcine PAG (pPAG) proteins within chorionic cells throughout the intensive placenta development as pregnancy advances (16-61 days post coitum - dpc). Placental sections were used for double fluorescent histochemistry with selected primary rabbit anti-pPAG sera. The polyclonals were created against ...
Harris Lynda K - - 2006
During pregnancy, trophoblasts migrate from the placenta into uterine spiral arteries, transforming them into wide channels that lack vasoconstrictive properties. In pathological pregnancies, this process is incomplete. To define the fundamental events involved in spiral artery remodeling, we have studied the effect of trophoblasts on vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). ...
Miranda S - - 2006
The fetal-placental unit is a semi-allograft and immunological recognition of pregnancy, together with the subsequent response of the maternal immune system, is necessary for a successful pregnancy. Dendritic cells (DC) show a biological plasticity that confers them special characteristics regulating both immunity and tolerance. Therapy employing DC proved to diminish ...
Mori Miki - - 2007
Chorionic villi in the human placenta serve as essential structures in fetomaternal exchanges. According to the embryology and placentology literature, during the first trimester, the cytotrophoblast (CTB) layer that is subjacent to the syncytiotrophoblast (STB) and supported by a basal lamina is nearly complete, but later, it becomes discontinuous. In ...
Manivasager Vanaja - - 2006
5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and its esters have been under intense investigation to enhance the endogenous production of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in tumour cells for the purpose of photodynamic diagnosis. In this study we have investigated the use of exogenous PpIX and its dimethyl ester (PME) and compared the results with ...
Di Cosmo C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Iodide (I(-)) is crucial for foetal thyroid function. Foetal iodide results from maternal circulating iodide and from deiodination of iodothyronines within the placenta. The Na(+)/I(-) symporter (NIS) localized in placental cells appears to be involved in iodide exchange. Low NIS expression has been reported in trophoblast cells from the ...
Gotkin Jennifer L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize effect of progesterone (P4) on interleukin-6 (IL-6) production by fetoplacental artery explants, fetal granulocytes, and fetal and maternal mononuclear cells. STUDY DESIGN: Arteries and cord blood were obtained from 5 term pregnancies undergoing repeat cesarean section. Maternal blood was obtained from ...
Dong Yulan - - 2007
To determine the role of sympathetic nerves in the early embryonic development and the immune modulation of maternal uterus during pregnancy, a model of chemical sympathectomy in mice was established by intraperitoneal injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). The embryonic development and the distribution of maternal uterine immunocytes were investigated during early ...
Abumaree M H - - 2006
Deportation of trophoblast shed from the placenta into the maternal circulation was first described over 100 years ago. Despite this, little is known about the quantity or nature of the shed and deported trophoblasts. Neither do we have a clear understanding of the fate of deported trophoblasts nor do we ...
Piper Karen P - - 2007
Recent studies have demonstrated that fetal cells can be detected in the maternal circulation during virtually all human pregnancies. These fetal cells can engraft and may be isolated for many decades after pregnancy, leading to a state that may be maintained by the passage of pregnancy-associated progenitor cells. The clinical ...
Kramerova Irina - - 2006
The cysteine protease calpain 3 (CAPN3) is essential for normal muscle function, since mutations in CAPN3 cause limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A. Previously, we showed that myoblasts isolated from CAPN3 knockout (C3KO) mice were able to fuse to myotubes; however, sarcomere formation was disrupted. In this study we further ...
Siu Shing-Shun Nelson - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Alpha-2 Macroglobulin (A2M) is a protease inhibitor that is present in both human and rat decidual tissue. In mice, decidual A2M prevents excessive trophoblastic invasion; however, its role in human decidual tissue is unknown. It is possible that A2M may also influence trophoblast invasion in human pregnancy, which would ...
Li Manyu M Department of Cell and Molecular Physiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, - - 2006
Adrenomedullin (AM) is a multifunctional peptide vasodilator that is essential for life. Plasma AM expression dramatically increases during pregnancy, and alterations in its levels are associated with complications of pregnancy including fetal growth restriction (FGR) and preeclampsia. Using AM+/- female mice with genetically reduced AM expression, we demonstrate that fetal ...
Mirouse Vincent - - 2006
Meiosis is a specialized cell cycle limited to the gametes in Metazoa. In Drosophila, oocyte determination and meiosis control are interdependent processes, and BicD appears to play a key role in both. However, the exact mechanism of how BicD-dependent polarized transport could influence meiosis and vice versa remains an open ...
Friedrichs Birte - - 2006
A 35-year old woman developed Burkitt's lymphoma and was treated with rituximab and CHOP therapy early during pregnancy. Monitoring of rituximab concentrations and B-cell counts in the child revealed a transient complete B-cell depletion associated with high rituximab cord blood concentrations. B-cell recovery was fast, showing a regular immunophenotype without ...
Dokras Anuja - - 2006
Preeclampsia is a prevalent and potentially devastating disorder of pregnancy. Characterized by a sudden spike in blood pressure and urinary protein levels, it is associated with significant obstetric complications. BPH/5 is an inbred mouse model of preeclampsia with borderline hypertension before pregnancy. BPH/5 mice develop hypertension, proteinuria, and endothelial dysfunction ...
Zhong Xiao Yan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Fetal genetic materials in maternal circulation might be potentially used for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD). In this study, we quantitatively analysed the intact fetal cells existing in maternal plasma, which would be a special method of NIPD. STUDY DESIGN: Eleven samples from preeclamptic patients, two samples from patients with ...
Ozbalkan Z - - 2006
Increments in circulating thrombomodulin levels reflect endothelial cell injury. Thrombomodulin can also be synthesized by several inflammatory cells including monocytes, neutrophils, and thrombomodulin itself can modulate the inflammatory response. In this study, we assessed circulating thrombomodulin concentrations in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). Twenty-five patients with FMF (F/M: 14/11) ...
Adams K M - - 2007
Recent advances in placental biology and immunology lead us to propose a novel hypothesis for maternal tolerance of the semi-allogeneic fetus and amelioration of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during pregnancy. The initial event in this hypothesis is extrusion of placental apoptotic syncytiotrophoblast debris recently identified to contain intracellular fetal HLA Class ...
Hongoh Yuichi - - 2006
Recently we discovered two novel, deeply branching lineages in the domain Bacteria from termite guts by PCR-based analyses of 16S rRNA (Y. Hongoh, P. Deevong, T. Inoue, S. Moriya, S. Trakulnaleamsai, M. Ohkuma, C. Vongkaluang, N. Noparatnaraporn, and T. Kudo, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:6590-6599, 2005). Here, we report on the ...
Ferrara Diana D Medical Research Council Human Reproductive Sciences Unit, Centre for Reproductive Biology, The Queen's Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, Scotland, United - - 2006
This study investigated effects of in utero exposure [embryonic day (e)13.5-e21.5] to di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) on fetal gonocytes and postnatal germ cell (GC) development in rats and focused on changes (delayed development) relevant to the postulated origins of human carcinoma-in situ cells. DBP treatment resulted in both early (e15.5-e17.5) and ...
López C - - 2006
Although several T cell-mediated autoimmune diseases have shown a reduction in their clinical disease activity during pregnancy, the underlying mechanisms by which pregnancy causes such a beneficial effect on the disease activity are not fully understood. We performed a longitudinal study of chemokine receptors (CCR3, CCR4, CCRS, CXCR3, CXCR4) by ...
Ichinose Shuji - - 2006
ATX-s10 is a novel and second-generation photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT). In order to conduct clinical trials of ATX-s10-PDT and/or extend its clinical applications, it is very important to elucidate the mechanisms of the action of ATX-s10-PDT. We examined the apoptic response against ATX-s10-PDT using a Bcl-2 or Bcl-2 mutant ...
Yu Xuewen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increasing tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) expression is found to be positively associated with spontaneous abortion. TNFalpha acts through the binding of two types of transmembrane receptors called TNFR1 and TNFR2. Here we compare membrane TNFR1 (mTNFR1) protein expression on chorionic villi in women with spontaneous abortion (SA) and ...
Crocker I P - - 2007
The placental syncytiotrophoblast is of paramount importance in optimising feto-maternal interactions. Syncytiotrophoblast is generated by the differentiation and fusion of underlying cytotrophoblasts. This process is aberrant in complicated pregnancies. We hypothesized that cell cycle withdrawal determines the phenotypic decision-making of cytotrophoblasts. We therefore investigated the effects of broad-spectrum mitotic inhibitors ...
Pringle K G - - 2007
Successful placental development and the associated changes to the decidual vasculature during early pregnancy are critical to pregnancy outcome. This study utilised immunohistochemistry to provide a photomicrographic account of trophoblast invasion, as well as the changes in the uterine vasculature in the decidua from days 5.5 to 10.5 of murine ...
Klingler Mario - - 2006
The hypothesis was tested that the additional dietary uptake of n-3 fatty acids, in particular of DHA and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF), during the second half of pregnancy would influence proliferation and apoptosis in the full-term human placenta. The diets of pregnant women from Spain (n 55) were supplemented with modified fish ...
Rovere-Querini Patrizia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cell death normally occurs during pregnancy and is critical during its common complication, preeclampsia. The long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) gene is generated in tissues that cope with excessive or deregulated cell death and inhibits the cross-presentation of cell-associated antigens. We examined whether PTX3 is expressed during pregnancy and possibly ...
Muir A - - 2006
The placenta is unique amongst normal tissues in transcribing numerous different human endogenous retroviruses at high levels. In this study, RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry were used to investigate the expression of syncytin in human trophoblast. Syncytin transcripts were found in first-trimester trophoblast cells with both villous and extravillous phenotypes and also ...
Liu Cunlan - - 2006
Thymus seeding by T-lymphoid progenitor cells is a prerequisite for T-cell development. However, molecules guiding thymus colonization and their roles before and after thymus vascularization are unclear. Here we show that mice doubly deficient for chemokine receptors CCR7 and CCR9 were defective specifically in fetal thymus colonization before, but not ...
James Joanna L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In the first trimester of human pregnancy, extravillous trophoblasts from placental villi invade the decidua temporarily occluding the spiral arteries, preventing maternal blood flow and creating a low-oxygen environment, which is believed to play an important role in the regulation of extravillous trophoblast outgrowth. This work aimed to quantify ...
Lin Hai-Yan HY State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Haidian District, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2006
Serine proteases have been documented to play key roles in uterine matrix turnover and trophoblastic invasion during implantation. Roles of prostasin serine protease in these processes, however, are currently unclear. The present study was first conducted to investigate the colocalization of prostasin and its cognate serpin, protease nexin-1 (PN-1), in ...
Morgan T K - - 2006
Mechanisms regulating pregnancy-induced changes in renal function are incompletely understood. Few candidate genes have been identified and data suggest that alternate mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Our objective was to screen thousands of genes expressed in kidneys from mice throughout gestation to identify possible key regulators of renal function during ...
Abrahams Vikki M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, the placenta may become exposed to micro-organisms, such as viruses, which may pose a substantial threat to the embryo/fetus well-being. Recent insight into the immunological capabilities of the trophoblast suggests that the placenta may function as an active barrier by recognizing and responding to pathogens through Toll-like ...
Xiao Li-Juan - - 2006
Stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1) is a recently discovered polypeptide hormone, while stanniocalcin-2 (STC-2) is a subsequently identified homologue of stanniocalcin-1. Although previous studies have shown that both STC-1 and -2 are involved in various physiological processes, such as ion transport, reproduction and development, their expression in the uterus and roles in implantation ...
Lázár Levente - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The quantity of cell-free fetal DNA in the plasma of pregnant women changes during pregnancy and seems to be different in normal and pathologic pregnancies. We investigated the possible diagnostic applications of the detection and measurement of cell-free fetal DNA by comparing quantities found in women with ectopic (EP) ...
Misirlioglu D - - 2006
The presence of oestrogen-alpha receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and HER-2/neu (c-erbB-2) oncoprotein in the uterine walls of 10 healthy cats and 20 subjects with cystic endometrial hyperplasia-pyometra (CEH-P) were evaluated. Lesions were graded according to the severity of cystic dilation, hyperplasia and inflammation, and were classified as normal, mild ...
Purwosunu Yuditiya - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency and reliability of the separation of fetal nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) using the galactose-specific lectin method, we counted the number of NRBCs in the blood of pregnant women at various gestational ages, as well as after amniocentesis and termination. METHOD: Peripheral blood samples were ...
Sangiorgi Giuseppe - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to evaluate serologic expression of pregnancy-associated protein-A (PAPP-A) in patients affected by cerebrovascular accidents and to correlate it with histopathologic carotid plaque complexity. BACKGROUND: Little is known about PAPP-A expression in carotid atherosclerotic disease and whether this protein represents a marker of plaque vulnerability also ...
Cajaiba Mariana Morais - - 2006
Hepatoblastomas (HBs) recapitulate liver development. It is possible that HBs result from malignant transformation of hepatic precursor cells, and they may reflect a blockage in normal development. Here we study the expression of cytokeratins (CKs) in order to delineate the immunoprofile and relationship with liver development, as well as vimentin ...
Dauphin-McKenzie Nathalie - - 2006
Seventy-two thousand Americans are homozygous for the sickle cell gene and 2 million are carriers. The gene offers protection against malaria but can be a cause of chronic pain and early death. Life expectancy is 48 years for females. Some people with sickle cell anemia live into their 60s and ...
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