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Results 451 - 500 of 1511
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Zhong Xiao Yan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Fetal genetic materials in maternal circulation might be potentially used for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD). In this study, we quantitatively analysed the intact fetal cells existing in maternal plasma, which would be a special method of NIPD. STUDY DESIGN: Eleven samples from preeclamptic patients, two samples from patients with ...
Ozbalkan Z - - 2006
Increments in circulating thrombomodulin levels reflect endothelial cell injury. Thrombomodulin can also be synthesized by several inflammatory cells including monocytes, neutrophils, and thrombomodulin itself can modulate the inflammatory response. In this study, we assessed circulating thrombomodulin concentrations in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). Twenty-five patients with FMF (F/M: 14/11) ...
Adams K M - - 2007
Recent advances in placental biology and immunology lead us to propose a novel hypothesis for maternal tolerance of the semi-allogeneic fetus and amelioration of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during pregnancy. The initial event in this hypothesis is extrusion of placental apoptotic syncytiotrophoblast debris recently identified to contain intracellular fetal HLA Class ...
Hongoh Yuichi - - 2006
Recently we discovered two novel, deeply branching lineages in the domain Bacteria from termite guts by PCR-based analyses of 16S rRNA (Y. Hongoh, P. Deevong, T. Inoue, S. Moriya, S. Trakulnaleamsai, M. Ohkuma, C. Vongkaluang, N. Noparatnaraporn, and T. Kudo, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:6590-6599, 2005). Here, we report on the ...
Ferrara Diana D Medical Research Council Human Reproductive Sciences Unit, Centre for Reproductive Biology, The Queen's Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, Scotland, United - - 2006
This study investigated effects of in utero exposure [embryonic day (e)13.5-e21.5] to di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) on fetal gonocytes and postnatal germ cell (GC) development in rats and focused on changes (delayed development) relevant to the postulated origins of human carcinoma-in situ cells. DBP treatment resulted in both early (e15.5-e17.5) and ...
López C - - 2006
Although several T cell-mediated autoimmune diseases have shown a reduction in their clinical disease activity during pregnancy, the underlying mechanisms by which pregnancy causes such a beneficial effect on the disease activity are not fully understood. We performed a longitudinal study of chemokine receptors (CCR3, CCR4, CCRS, CXCR3, CXCR4) by ...
Ichinose Shuji - - 2006
ATX-s10 is a novel and second-generation photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT). In order to conduct clinical trials of ATX-s10-PDT and/or extend its clinical applications, it is very important to elucidate the mechanisms of the action of ATX-s10-PDT. We examined the apoptic response against ATX-s10-PDT using a Bcl-2 or Bcl-2 mutant ...
Yu Xuewen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increasing tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) expression is found to be positively associated with spontaneous abortion. TNFalpha acts through the binding of two types of transmembrane receptors called TNFR1 and TNFR2. Here we compare membrane TNFR1 (mTNFR1) protein expression on chorionic villi in women with spontaneous abortion (SA) and ...
Crocker I P - - 2007
The placental syncytiotrophoblast is of paramount importance in optimising feto-maternal interactions. Syncytiotrophoblast is generated by the differentiation and fusion of underlying cytotrophoblasts. This process is aberrant in complicated pregnancies. We hypothesized that cell cycle withdrawal determines the phenotypic decision-making of cytotrophoblasts. We therefore investigated the effects of broad-spectrum mitotic inhibitors ...
Pringle K G - - 2007
Successful placental development and the associated changes to the decidual vasculature during early pregnancy are critical to pregnancy outcome. This study utilised immunohistochemistry to provide a photomicrographic account of trophoblast invasion, as well as the changes in the uterine vasculature in the decidua from days 5.5 to 10.5 of murine ...
Klingler Mario - - 2006
The hypothesis was tested that the additional dietary uptake of n-3 fatty acids, in particular of DHA and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF), during the second half of pregnancy would influence proliferation and apoptosis in the full-term human placenta. The diets of pregnant women from Spain (n 55) were supplemented with modified fish ...
Rovere-Querini Patrizia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cell death normally occurs during pregnancy and is critical during its common complication, preeclampsia. The long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) gene is generated in tissues that cope with excessive or deregulated cell death and inhibits the cross-presentation of cell-associated antigens. We examined whether PTX3 is expressed during pregnancy and possibly ...
Muir A - - 2006
The placenta is unique amongst normal tissues in transcribing numerous different human endogenous retroviruses at high levels. In this study, RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry were used to investigate the expression of syncytin in human trophoblast. Syncytin transcripts were found in first-trimester trophoblast cells with both villous and extravillous phenotypes and also ...
Liu Cunlan - - 2006
Thymus seeding by T-lymphoid progenitor cells is a prerequisite for T-cell development. However, molecules guiding thymus colonization and their roles before and after thymus vascularization are unclear. Here we show that mice doubly deficient for chemokine receptors CCR7 and CCR9 were defective specifically in fetal thymus colonization before, but not ...
James Joanna L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In the first trimester of human pregnancy, extravillous trophoblasts from placental villi invade the decidua temporarily occluding the spiral arteries, preventing maternal blood flow and creating a low-oxygen environment, which is believed to play an important role in the regulation of extravillous trophoblast outgrowth. This work aimed to quantify ...
Lin Hai-Yan HY State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Haidian District, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2006
Serine proteases have been documented to play key roles in uterine matrix turnover and trophoblastic invasion during implantation. Roles of prostasin serine protease in these processes, however, are currently unclear. The present study was first conducted to investigate the colocalization of prostasin and its cognate serpin, protease nexin-1 (PN-1), in ...
Morgan T K - - 2006
Mechanisms regulating pregnancy-induced changes in renal function are incompletely understood. Few candidate genes have been identified and data suggest that alternate mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Our objective was to screen thousands of genes expressed in kidneys from mice throughout gestation to identify possible key regulators of renal function during ...
Abrahams Vikki M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, the placenta may become exposed to micro-organisms, such as viruses, which may pose a substantial threat to the embryo/fetus well-being. Recent insight into the immunological capabilities of the trophoblast suggests that the placenta may function as an active barrier by recognizing and responding to pathogens through Toll-like ...
Xiao Li-Juan - - 2006
Stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1) is a recently discovered polypeptide hormone, while stanniocalcin-2 (STC-2) is a subsequently identified homologue of stanniocalcin-1. Although previous studies have shown that both STC-1 and -2 are involved in various physiological processes, such as ion transport, reproduction and development, their expression in the uterus and roles in implantation ...
Lázár Levente - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The quantity of cell-free fetal DNA in the plasma of pregnant women changes during pregnancy and seems to be different in normal and pathologic pregnancies. We investigated the possible diagnostic applications of the detection and measurement of cell-free fetal DNA by comparing quantities found in women with ectopic (EP) ...
Misirlioglu D - - 2006
The presence of oestrogen-alpha receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and HER-2/neu (c-erbB-2) oncoprotein in the uterine walls of 10 healthy cats and 20 subjects with cystic endometrial hyperplasia-pyometra (CEH-P) were evaluated. Lesions were graded according to the severity of cystic dilation, hyperplasia and inflammation, and were classified as normal, mild ...
Purwosunu Yuditiya - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency and reliability of the separation of fetal nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) using the galactose-specific lectin method, we counted the number of NRBCs in the blood of pregnant women at various gestational ages, as well as after amniocentesis and termination. METHOD: Peripheral blood samples were ...
Sangiorgi Giuseppe - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to evaluate serologic expression of pregnancy-associated protein-A (PAPP-A) in patients affected by cerebrovascular accidents and to correlate it with histopathologic carotid plaque complexity. BACKGROUND: Little is known about PAPP-A expression in carotid atherosclerotic disease and whether this protein represents a marker of plaque vulnerability also ...
Cajaiba Mariana Morais - - 2006
Hepatoblastomas (HBs) recapitulate liver development. It is possible that HBs result from malignant transformation of hepatic precursor cells, and they may reflect a blockage in normal development. Here we study the expression of cytokeratins (CKs) in order to delineate the immunoprofile and relationship with liver development, as well as vimentin ...
Dauphin-McKenzie Nathalie - - 2006
Seventy-two thousand Americans are homozygous for the sickle cell gene and 2 million are carriers. The gene offers protection against malaria but can be a cause of chronic pain and early death. Life expectancy is 48 years for females. Some people with sickle cell anemia live into their 60s and ...
Li Youjun - - 2006
Onzin, the product of a negatively c-Myc-regulated target gene, is highly expressed in myeloid cells. As a result of its interaction with and activation of Akt1 and Mdm2, onzin down-regulates p53. The apoptotic sensitivity of several cell lines is thus directly related to onzin levels. We have conducted a search ...
Taylor Michelle Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the obstetric outcomes and pathologic findings in women with sickle cell trait. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective case control study, pregnant women with sickle cell trait were studied over a 4-year period (2001-2005). The women who were delivered at > 16 ...
Toti P - - 2006
The present study investigated whether trophoblast, decidua and fetal membranes express nerve growth factor (NGF) mRNA and peptide. Tissue specimens were collected in the first and third trimester of pregnancy from women undergoing voluntary pregnancy interruption (no.= 6; from 8 to 12 gestational weeks) and from women having an elective ...
Bischoff Farideh Z - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For over a decade, methods of first-trimester, noninvasive prenatal genetic diagnosis have been actively pursued by many investigators. Isolation of fetal trophoblast from endocervical specimens remains an attractive approach, given the greater numbers of fetal cells than in maternal blood and the better potential for fetal-cell identification ...
Huppertz Berthold - - 2006
During early placentation the trophoblast of the human placenta differentiates to the villous and extravillous types of trophoblast. Villous trophoblast provides the epithelial cover of the placental villous trees in direct contact to maternal blood. Extravillous trophoblast invades maternal uterine tissues thus directly contacting maternal stromal and immune cells. A ...
Michael Donna D - - 2006
Uterine-derived factors are essential for conceptus development and secretion of the maternal recognition-of-pregnancy factor, interferon-tau (IFNT), in ruminant species. The objectives of this study were to determine whether fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is expressed in the bovine uterus during early pregnancy in cattle and to determine whether FGF-2 supplementation affects ...
Pongcharoen S - - 2007
Interleukin (IL)-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine with pleiotropic activities including inducing neovascularization and production of proangiogenic molecules. As pregnancy outcome depends on the balance of Th1-like/Th2-like cytokines and an increased blood supply to the fetoplacental unit, the expression of IL-17 mRNA and protein in human placental tissues was investigated. IL-17 ...
Aikawa Elena - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The evolution of cell phenotypes and matrix architecture in cardiac valves during fetal maturation and postnatal adaptation through senescence remains unexplored. METHODS AND RESULTS: We hypothesized that valvular interstitial (VIC) and endothelial cell (VEC) phenotypes, critical for maintaining valve function, change throughout life in response to environmental stimuli. We ...
Connors Stephanie A - - 2006
In vertebrates, a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway patterns all ventral cell fates along the embryonic axis. BMP activity is positively regulated by Tolloid, a metalloprotease, that can eliminate the activity of the BMP antagonist Chordin. A tolloid mutant in zebrafish, mini fin (mfn), exhibits a specific loss of ...
Prefumo Federico - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of parity on endovascular trophoblastic invasion in early pregnancy. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Healthy women at 10-14 weeks of gestation. INTERVENTION(S): Surgical termination of pregnancy for nonmedical reasons. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Products of conception were blindly examined histologically with regard to the ...
Wang Xipeng - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of CD28 and CTLA-4, two costimulatory molecules involved in T-cell activation at the maternal-fetal interface in women with unexplained pregnancy loss. METHODS: A total of 57 women, 39 with unexplained spontaneous abortion (SA) and 18 with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA), were enrolled in the ...
Parent Marianne - - 2006
Prostaglandins (PG) are primary regulators of reproductive function. In ruminants, the relative production of PGE2 and PGF2alpha determines the return to a new oestrous cycle or to the establishment of pregnancy in response to a viable embryo. PG action depends on biosynthesis, transport and interaction with their receptors, which are ...
Bakouh N - - 2006
Rh glycoproteins belong to the superfamily of ammonium transporters, but until recent functional studies their functional role was unknown. This review focuses on the functional results obtained in our laboratory after the heterologous expression of RhAG (the erythroid Rh glycoprotein) and RhCG (an epithelial Rh glycoprotein). RhAG and RhCG were ...
Morini M - - 2006
Deciduoid mesothelioma is a rare variant of epithelial mesothelioma, up to now only described in human pathology, which bears remarkable cytomorphologic resemblance to the endometrium of pregnancy, termed decidua. A case of peritoneal mesothelioma with deciduoid features in a 10-year-old, female dog is reported. Multiple whitish-gray nodules (1-5 mm in ...
Bhalla A - - 2006
Recurrent miscarriage affects 1% of all couples attempting pregnancy. Immunological factors are postulated to play a role in the aetiology of recurrent miscarriage because the fetus and placenta are immunologically different from the mother. In particular, altered expression of the, non-classical, class I histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules has been ...
Pongsritasana T - - 2006
The immunomagnetic beads method for isolation of fetal nucleated red blood cells (FNRBCs) from peripheral blood of 78 pregnant women for prenatal diagnosis was developed. The study subjects were classified into 8-10 and 11-14 weeks of gestation (n = 39 each). Peripheral blood cells were divided into two for the ...
Lu Wen-Jen - - 2006
Arsenic is an established human carcinogen. The role of aquaglyroporins (AQPs) in arsenic disposition was recently identified. In order to examine whether organic anion transporting polypeptide-C (OATP-C) also plays a role in arsenic transport, OATP-C cDNA was transfected into cells of a human embryonic kidney cell line (HEK-293). Transfection increased ...
Anahara Reiko - - 2006
Flutamide (FLUT) has potent anti-androgenic activity and is used in the medical field and in a screening test to detect endocrinologically active compounds. Our previous study demonstrated that FLUT induced histological deformation of spermatids and ultrastructural defects of the apical ectoplasmic specialization (ES) in the mouse testis. The apical ES ...
Zhang Qian Q Division of Reproductive and Developmental Biology, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2678, - - 2006
This study was initiated to investigate the significance of uterine cell death and proliferation during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy and their correlation with sex steroids in hamsters where blastocyst implantation occurs in only progesterone-primed uteri. The results obtained in hamsters were also compared with mice where blastocyst implantation ...
Aydin Sevim - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphology of chorionic villi using light and electron microscopy, especially the expression of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in trophoblastic cells and the process of maturation and margination vasculogenesis proper using CD34 immunohistochemistry in tissues from the first trimester of pregnancy loss due to anembryonic pregnancy in comparison with ...
Adeyemi A B - - 2006
Although variable clinicopathological entities have been documented in sickle cell trait in pregnancy, such information is absent in this environment. This study therefore was aimed at examining the outcome of pregnancy in a population of Nigerian women with sickle cell trait. A prospective analytical study was carried at Ile-Ife, Nigeria ...
Taylor Douglas D - - 2006
Exosome release by viable cells is a feature of activated cell types, including tumors, fetal cells, and cells of the immune system. Exosomes critically regulate immune activation, by mediating activation-induced cell death. Fetal cells may mimic these events to selectively delete reactive lymphocytes. In this study the presence and composition ...
Robinson Nicola J - - 2006
Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) expression, distribution and activity were examined in human placenta and derived cells. Immunochemical techniques and RT-PCR were used to demonstrate tTG protein and mRNA in stromal cells and trophoblast in first trimester and at term, with higher levels later in pregnancy. Decidual cells also produce tTG. The ...
Bosco Cleofina - - 2007
This study examined the placentation in the degu, the origin of the extrasubplacental trophoblast (EST) (extravillous trophoblast in human), and the activity of Na+/K+ ATPase in the placental barrier during different gestational ages, as part of a wider effort to understand the reproductive biology of this species. Fifteen degus at ...
Tsai Peter T - - 2006
Erythropoietin (EPO) is the principal growth factor regulating the production of red blood cells. Recent studies demonstrated that exogenous EPO acts as a neuroprotectant and regulates neurogenesis. Using a genetic approach, we evaluate the roles of endogenous EPO and its classical receptor (EPOR) in mammalian neurogenesis. We demonstrate severe and ...
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