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Results 451 - 500 of 1586
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Karowicz-BiliƄska Agata - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction is related to a high rate of prematurity and mortality. In cases of unknown origin utero-placental circulation changes are the main factor which is due to the changes in blood vessels. The understanding of the mechanism may help in further prevention of FGR. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Dabertrand Fabrice - - 2007
Alternative splicing of ryanodine receptor subtype 3 (RYR3) may generate a short isoform (RYR3S) without channel function and a functional full-length isoform (RYR3L). The RYR3S isoform has been shown to negatively regulate the native RYR2 subtype in smooth muscle cells as well as the RYR3L isoform when both isoforms were ...
Gillott David J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in specific protein expression from the surface of the human endometrium with respect to eventual pregnancy in infertile women. DESIGN: Laboratory study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Thirty-one women presenting for investigation into infertility at an assisted reproductive unit. INTERVENTION(S): Endometrial flushings were collected during the proliferative ...
Riggs Blake - - 2007
Animal cytokinesis relies on membrane addition as well as acto-myosin-based constriction. Recycling endosome (RE)-derived vesicles are a key source of this membrane. Rab11, a small GTPase associated with the RE and involved in vesicle targeting, is required for elongation of the cytokinetic furrow. In the early Drosophila embryo, Nuclear-fallout (Nuf), ...
Zhou Yan - - 2007
The maternal-fetal interface, a chimeric structure, is formed when fetal cytotrophoblasts (CTBs) from the placenta invade the uterine wall and its resident vasculature. In preeclampsia (PE), interstitial and endovascular invasion are often shallow, and fewer spiral arterioles are breached in toto. Our previous work has shown that faulty CTB differentiation ...
Chaouat Gérard - - 2007
The enunciation of the T helper 1/T helper 2 (Th1/Th2) paradigm in pregnancy has represented a major step forward in our understanding of physiological and pathologic materno-foetal relationship. However, recent developments in studies of the implantation process and in the emergence of the uterine vascular bed and its control by ...
Tayade Chandrakant - - 2007
Meat pig breeds used commercially in North America lose significant numbers of genetically-normal fetuses in the peri-implantation (attachment) period and at mid-gestation (day 50 of the 114 day gestation interval). Fetal demand that is in excess to the placental blood supply is thought to underlie these waves of fetal loss. ...
Alegre Estibaliz - - 2007
The aim of this work was to investigate the longitudinal evolution of plasmatic soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G: shed HLA-G1 plus HLA-G5) during pregnancy, and if peripheral maternal antigen presenting cells (APC) can be a source of sHLA-G. Blood samples were obtained from 45 volunteers during normal pregnancy, 8 of them monthly; ...
Ball E - - 2007
Extravillous trophoblast invasion of uterine stroma and spiral arteries (SA) is essential for normal pregnancy and is reduced in preeclampsia and late miscarriage. The control mechanisms are not understood, but transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) may be a candidate. Placental and placental bed biopsies were obtained from early (8(+0)-12(+6) weeks) euploid ...
Joyce Margaret M - - 2007
Conceptus trophectoderm and uterine luminal epithelial cells interact via endocrine, paracrine, and autocrine modulators to mediate pregnancy recognition and implantation. Pig conceptuses not only release estrogens for pregnancy recognition but also secrete interferons during implantation. Because interferon-stimulated genes are increased by interferons secreted for pregnancy recognition in ruminants, we asked ...
Korgun E T - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the immunohistochemical distribution of laminin, vimentin and desmin during the implantation period in the rat since ECM remodelling and the expression of intermediate filaments (Ifs) is essential for successful decidualization and implantation. On day 4 of pregnancy, laminin was found in a ...
Robertson Sarah A - - 2007
The reproductive tissues undergo profound structural changes and major immune adaptation to accommodate pregnancy. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is one of an array of cytokines with pivotal roles in embryo implantation and subsequent development. Several cell lineages in the reproductive tract and gestational tissues synthesise GM-CSF under direction by ovarian ...
Redman C W G - - 2007
Cellular microparticles are ubiquitously shed from cell membranes or secreted as endocytic vesicles called exosomes. Shed microparticles are >/=100nm in size and are generated during apoptosis or necrosis. In contrast, exosomes are smaller (<100nm), express more limited protein content and are released from late endosomes. Both membrane particles and exosomes ...
Kashimura Yoshiko - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the significance of pregnancy-related cells in endometrial smears. STUDY DESIGN: Pregnancy-related cells in 4429 endometrial smear samples were retrospectively analyzed and evaluated for clinicopathologic and cytomorphologic features. RESULTS: Of the 4429 endometrial smears taken for cancer screening, pregnancy-related cells were detected in 12 cases (0.3%). They were ...
Aisemberg J - - 2007
Genital tract bacterial infections could induce abortion and are some of the most common complications of pregnancy; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the role of prostaglandins (PGs) in the mechanism of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pregnancy loss in a mouse model, and we hypothesized that PGs might play a ...
Hejmadi Rahul K - - 2007
This study outlines the histologic changes seen in 106 endometrial specimens after use of the Mirena coil (levonorgestrel) and compares these changes with previous studies. The variables assessed include nature of the endometrial glands, metaplastic glandular changes, nuclear atypia, hobnail change, and endometrial hyperplasia. Stromal changes include pseudodecidualization, mucinous change, ...
Ma Huagang - - 2007
This study examined the expression and distribution of angiopoietin-1/-2 (Ang-1/-2) in the endometrium of early pregnant mice. The expression of Ang-1/-2 was detected by immunohisto-chemical staining and in situ hybridization respectively. Computerized image analysis system was used to measure the average optical intensity of Ang-1/-2 in endometria at different time ...
Seki Akiko - - 2007
We reported here an efficient and generally applicable genomic analysis that uses transcriptional profiling to identify candidate substrates of regulatory enzymes, such as kinases and ubiquitin ligases. We applied this strategy to the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C), a ubiquitin ligase that controls sister chromatid separation and exit from mitosis. We found ...
Liu Jing - - 2007
SWAP-70 has been demonstrated as a multiple functional signaling protein involved in formation of membrane ruffling induced by signal cascade of tyrosine kinase growth factor receptors. In the present study, the spatial and temporal expression pattern of SWAP-70 on human fetomaternal interface was investigated using specimens collected from tubal and ...
Burton G J - - 2007
There is strong evidence that the endometrial glands play a key role in regulating placental development in many domestic species, but their contribution in the human has largely been ignored once implantation is complete. Here we re-evaluate their role during the first trimester. Connections between the glands and the intervillous ...
Lacroux C - - 2007
Placentae from scrapie-affected ewes are an important source of contamination. This study confirmed that scrapie-incubating ewes bearing susceptible genotypes could produce both abnormal prion protein (PrPSc)-positive and -negative placentae, depending only on the PRP genotype of the fetus. The results also provided evidence indicating that scrapie-incubating ARR/VRQ ewes may be ...
von Rango U - - 2007
The semi-allogeneic fetus has to be tolerated by the maternal immune system. In mice, it has been shown that inhibiting indoleamine-dioxygenase (IDO) leads to fetal rejection, suggesting a central significance for IDO in establishing maternal tolerance. Consequently, we have analyzed IDO expression in human endometrium and decidua to determine whether ...
Maron Jill L - - 2007
The ability to detect cell-free fetal nucleic acids in pregnant women has greatly evolved over the past decade. Dozens of papers have explored the biology, kinetics, and clinical significance of both cell-free fetal DNA and mRNA in the maternal circulation. As a result, our overall understanding of fetal nucleic acid ...
Blechschmidt Kareen - - 2007
Incomplete invasion of extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) is thought to be associated with complications of pregnancy. Snail, a zinc-finger transcription factor represses the transcription of the cell adhesion molecule E-cadherin. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of E-cadherin and Snail in placental tissue with preeclampsia or HELLP. ...
Quenby Siobhan - - 2007
This study investigated the hypothesis that different types of recurrent miscarriage history are associated with different markers of endometrial receptivity. A secondary objective was to compare the distribution in endometrial epithelium of a group of cell surface components with roles in cell adhesion. Of 54 women who had an implantation ...
De Falco M - - 2007
Notch signaling is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism used by invertebrates and vertebrates to control cell fates through close-range cell interactions. Four Notch receptors have been identified in vertebrates and different ligands, divided into Delta-like and Serrate-like (Jagged). Several studies have demonstrated that Notch signaling is involved in different branches of ...
Nguyen Huu Sau - - 2007
Fetal progenitor cells enter the maternal circulation during pregnancy and can persist for decades. We aimed to determine the role of these cells in tissue inflammation during pregnancy. WT female mice were mated to males transgenic for the EGFP (ubiquitous) or the luciferase gene controlled by the VEGF receptor 2 ...
Herse Florian - - 2007
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) participates in preeclampsia; however, the relative contributions from the circulating RAS and the tissue-based, uteroplacental RAS are unknown. We hypothesized that the tissue-based uteroplacental RAS is dysregulated in preeclampsia. We performed microarray and gene expression studies and confirmed the findings on the protein level by immunohistochemistry ...
Donadio S - - 2007
Copper is an essential trace element for successful pregnancy. However, the mechanisms by which copper is transported from maternal circulation to the fetus have not been clearly elucidated. Two proteins, cellular prion (PrP(C)) and COMMD1, are known to be responsible for prion diseases and canine copper toxicosis, respectively, and are ...
Ge Ren-Shan - - 2007
Humans have significant exposures to phthalates, as these chemical plasticizers are ubiquitously present in flexible plastics. Recent epidemiological evidence indicates that boys born to women exposed to phthalates during pregnancy have an increased incidence of congenital genital malformations and spermatogenic dysfunction, signs of a condition referred to as testicular dysgenesis ...
Mojtaba Goli Torbehbar
The changes in the kinds and percentages of the epithelial and inflammatory cells of the external os region of the uterine cervices of the river buffaloes during three different stages of pregnancy were studied by microscopic evaluation of mucus smears which had been prepared by wet swab sampling of mucus ...
Stevens Anne M - - 2007
The placental barrier is not the impenetrable wall that it was once presumed to be. During pregnancy, fetal cells pass into the mother, where they persist for decades after the pregnancy, leading to fetal microchimerism (FMc). Maternal cells also pass into the fetus, where they can persist long after birth ...
Kilani R T - - 2007
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) has been implicated in the abnormally high levels of trophoblast apoptosis seen in placentae from pregnancies complicated by small births. We examined the hypothesis that at physiological (35-50 mmHg) oxygen tensions, the production of TNFalpha stimulates the apoptosis of placental trophoblasts associated with infants that ...
Mangale Sachin S - - 2007
The role of integrins, the cell-surface glycoproteins involved in various cellular functions, is well documented. However, information about their role and expression profile during pregnancy is still scant. In the present study, the expression of the integrin subunits beta(3), alpha(6) and alpha(5), along with their ligands vitronectin, osteopontin, laminin and ...
Crettol Séverine - - 2007
Methadone and L-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) are used as treatment for opiate addiction. Using a cellular model, we aimed to determine if methadone, LAAM and their main metabolites are substrates of the human P-glycoprotein transporter (P-gp), which is encoded by the ABCB1 gene, and whether methadone transport exhibits stereoselectivity. Pig kidney epithelial ...
Piccinni Marie-Pierre - - 2007
This review focuses on the possible role of T cells in successful pregnancy and in unexplained recurrent abortion. The functions exhibited by Th1 and Th2 cells have suggested, perhaps in a simplistic way, that Th1-type cytokines, which promote allograft rejection, may compromise pregnancy, whereas the Th2-type cytokines, by inhibiting Th1 ...
Nakamura Hiroshi - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine the temporal and spatial expression of Sp1 and Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) in the cornea in fetal and adult human eyes. METHODS: Eyes from human fetus (F) of 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, and 27 weeks (w) of gestation, as well as corneas from 11 and 56-day ...
Hashizume Kazuyoshi - - 2007
Cell to cell interaction plays a pivotal role in the regulation of placentogenesis and exchange of stage-specific developmental signals between the fetal and maternal units. Specifically, these interactions are paramount for programmed fetal growth, maternal adaptation to pregnancy and coordination of parturition. However, little is known about the precise regulation ...
Cartwright Judith E - - 2007
In the first trimester of pregnancy fetal trophoblast cells invade the maternal uterine spiral arteries leading to loss of the vascular cells from the vessel wall and remodelling of the extracellular matrix. This is crucial to ensure that sufficient blood can reach the developing fetus. Impaired arterial remodelling is a ...
Zarnani Amir-Hassan - - 2007
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen presenting cells (APC) capable of induction of primary immune responses as well as immunologic tolerance. Myeloid and lymphoid subsets of murine DCs are able to shift cytokine responses of T cells toward Th2 and Th1 profiles respectively. Thus, DCs would be suitable candidates to ...
Kaloglu Celal - - 2007
Granulated metrial gland (GMG) cells are pregnancy-specific cells that may have many functions in successful placentation and pregnancy. In the present study, changes in the rat GMG cell structure, distribution and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression during early pregnancy were evaluated by light microscopy. Implantation sites taken from females ...
Chavatte-Palmer P - - 2007
Abnormally increased placental expression of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecules at the trophoblastic surface has been suggested previously to be the cause of early fetal loss in nuclear transfer (NT) bovine pregnancies. Here, we report the lack of expression of MHC-I at the trophoblastic surface at D30 and ...
Zhong Jiang F - - 2007
Microchimerism refers to the status of harboring cells from another individual at low levels. It is well known that cells traffic bidirectionally between fetus and mother during pregnancy. This situation resembles a naturally occurring long lasting fetal stem cell transplantation. The fetus acts as the donor and the mother acts ...
Corthorn Jenny - - 2007
In humans trophoblast invasion and vascular remodeling are critical to determine the fate of pregnancy. Since guinea-pigs share with women an extensive migration of the trophoblasts through the decidua and uterine arteries, and a haemomonochorial placenta, this species was used to evaluate the spatio-temporal expression of three enzymes that have ...
Sale Alessandro - - 2007
The influence of maternal environment on fetal development is largely unexplored, the available evidence concerns only the deleterious effects elicited by prenatal stress. Here we investigated the influence of prenatal enrichment on the early development of the visual system in the fetus. We studied the anatomical development of the rat ...
Lunghi Laura - - 2007
The trophoblast, i.e. the peripheral part of the human conceptus, exerts a crucial role in implantation and placentation. Both processes properly occur as a consequence of an intimate dialogue between fetal and maternal tissues, fulfilled by membrane ligands and receptors, as well as by hormone and local factor release. During ...
Spencer T E TE Center for Animal Biotechnology and Genomics, Departments of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA. - - 2007
This review integrates established information with new insights into molecular and physiological mechanisms responsible for events leading to pregnancy recognition, endometrial receptivity, and implantation with emphasis on sheep. After formation of the corpus luteum, progesterone acts on the endometrium and stimulates blastocyst growth and elongation to form a filamentous conceptus ...
Eide Irina P - - 2007
The Fas-Fas ligand (FasL) system contributes to immune tolerance at the feto-maternal site and has been ascribed a role in implantation and placental development by regulating trophoblast invasion and spiral artery remodelling. In the present study, we have examined FasL expression in decidual tissue from pregnancies with impaired placental development. ...
Yang Qing - - 2007
Smad ubiquitin regulatory factor 2 (Smurf2) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that is involved in the Smad-mediated TGF-beta signaling. TGF-beta has been shown to play an important role during normal embryo implantation, but whether Smurf2 is involved in this process has not been reported. This study was first conducted to ...
Alam S M Khorshed - - 2007
In the mouse, decidual cells differentiate from uterine stromal cells in response to steroid hormones and signals arising from the embryo. Decidual cells are crucially involved in creating the intrauterine environment conducive to embryonic development. Among their many functions is the production of cytokines related to prolactin (PRL), including decidual ...
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