Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1498
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Liu Cunlan - - 2006
Thymus seeding by T-lymphoid progenitor cells is a prerequisite for T-cell development. However, molecules guiding thymus colonization and their roles before and after thymus vascularization are unclear. Here we show that mice doubly deficient for chemokine receptors CCR7 and CCR9 were defective specifically in fetal thymus colonization before, but not ...
James Joanna L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In the first trimester of human pregnancy, extravillous trophoblasts from placental villi invade the decidua temporarily occluding the spiral arteries, preventing maternal blood flow and creating a low-oxygen environment, which is believed to play an important role in the regulation of extravillous trophoblast outgrowth. This work aimed to quantify ...
Lin Hai-Yan HY State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Haidian District, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2006
Serine proteases have been documented to play key roles in uterine matrix turnover and trophoblastic invasion during implantation. Roles of prostasin serine protease in these processes, however, are currently unclear. The present study was first conducted to investigate the colocalization of prostasin and its cognate serpin, protease nexin-1 (PN-1), in ...
Morgan T K - - 2006
Mechanisms regulating pregnancy-induced changes in renal function are incompletely understood. Few candidate genes have been identified and data suggest that alternate mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Our objective was to screen thousands of genes expressed in kidneys from mice throughout gestation to identify possible key regulators of renal function during ...
Abrahams Vikki M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, the placenta may become exposed to micro-organisms, such as viruses, which may pose a substantial threat to the embryo/fetus well-being. Recent insight into the immunological capabilities of the trophoblast suggests that the placenta may function as an active barrier by recognizing and responding to pathogens through Toll-like ...
Xiao Li-Juan - - 2006
Stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1) is a recently discovered polypeptide hormone, while stanniocalcin-2 (STC-2) is a subsequently identified homologue of stanniocalcin-1. Although previous studies have shown that both STC-1 and -2 are involved in various physiological processes, such as ion transport, reproduction and development, their expression in the uterus and roles in implantation ...
Lázár Levente - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The quantity of cell-free fetal DNA in the plasma of pregnant women changes during pregnancy and seems to be different in normal and pathologic pregnancies. We investigated the possible diagnostic applications of the detection and measurement of cell-free fetal DNA by comparing quantities found in women with ectopic (EP) ...
Misirlioglu D - - 2006
The presence of oestrogen-alpha receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and HER-2/neu (c-erbB-2) oncoprotein in the uterine walls of 10 healthy cats and 20 subjects with cystic endometrial hyperplasia-pyometra (CEH-P) were evaluated. Lesions were graded according to the severity of cystic dilation, hyperplasia and inflammation, and were classified as normal, mild ...
Purwosunu Yuditiya - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency and reliability of the separation of fetal nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) using the galactose-specific lectin method, we counted the number of NRBCs in the blood of pregnant women at various gestational ages, as well as after amniocentesis and termination. METHOD: Peripheral blood samples were ...
Sangiorgi Giuseppe - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to evaluate serologic expression of pregnancy-associated protein-A (PAPP-A) in patients affected by cerebrovascular accidents and to correlate it with histopathologic carotid plaque complexity. BACKGROUND: Little is known about PAPP-A expression in carotid atherosclerotic disease and whether this protein represents a marker of plaque vulnerability also ...
Cajaiba Mariana Morais - - 2006
Hepatoblastomas (HBs) recapitulate liver development. It is possible that HBs result from malignant transformation of hepatic precursor cells, and they may reflect a blockage in normal development. Here we study the expression of cytokeratins (CKs) in order to delineate the immunoprofile and relationship with liver development, as well as vimentin ...
Dauphin-McKenzie Nathalie - - 2006
Seventy-two thousand Americans are homozygous for the sickle cell gene and 2 million are carriers. The gene offers protection against malaria but can be a cause of chronic pain and early death. Life expectancy is 48 years for females. Some people with sickle cell anemia live into their 60s and ...
Li Youjun - - 2006
Onzin, the product of a negatively c-Myc-regulated target gene, is highly expressed in myeloid cells. As a result of its interaction with and activation of Akt1 and Mdm2, onzin down-regulates p53. The apoptotic sensitivity of several cell lines is thus directly related to onzin levels. We have conducted a search ...
Taylor Michelle Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the obstetric outcomes and pathologic findings in women with sickle cell trait. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective case control study, pregnant women with sickle cell trait were studied over a 4-year period (2001-2005). The women who were delivered at > 16 ...
Toti P - - 2006
The present study investigated whether trophoblast, decidua and fetal membranes express nerve growth factor (NGF) mRNA and peptide. Tissue specimens were collected in the first and third trimester of pregnancy from women undergoing voluntary pregnancy interruption (no.= 6; from 8 to 12 gestational weeks) and from women having an elective ...
Bischoff Farideh Z - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For over a decade, methods of first-trimester, noninvasive prenatal genetic diagnosis have been actively pursued by many investigators. Isolation of fetal trophoblast from endocervical specimens remains an attractive approach, given the greater numbers of fetal cells than in maternal blood and the better potential for fetal-cell identification ...
Huppertz Berthold - - 2006
During early placentation the trophoblast of the human placenta differentiates to the villous and extravillous types of trophoblast. Villous trophoblast provides the epithelial cover of the placental villous trees in direct contact to maternal blood. Extravillous trophoblast invades maternal uterine tissues thus directly contacting maternal stromal and immune cells. A ...
Michael Donna D - - 2006
Uterine-derived factors are essential for conceptus development and secretion of the maternal recognition-of-pregnancy factor, interferon-tau (IFNT), in ruminant species. The objectives of this study were to determine whether fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is expressed in the bovine uterus during early pregnancy in cattle and to determine whether FGF-2 supplementation affects ...
Pongcharoen S - - 2007
Interleukin (IL)-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine with pleiotropic activities including inducing neovascularization and production of proangiogenic molecules. As pregnancy outcome depends on the balance of Th1-like/Th2-like cytokines and an increased blood supply to the fetoplacental unit, the expression of IL-17 mRNA and protein in human placental tissues was investigated. IL-17 ...
Aikawa Elena - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The evolution of cell phenotypes and matrix architecture in cardiac valves during fetal maturation and postnatal adaptation through senescence remains unexplored. METHODS AND RESULTS: We hypothesized that valvular interstitial (VIC) and endothelial cell (VEC) phenotypes, critical for maintaining valve function, change throughout life in response to environmental stimuli. We ...
Connors Stephanie A - - 2006
In vertebrates, a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway patterns all ventral cell fates along the embryonic axis. BMP activity is positively regulated by Tolloid, a metalloprotease, that can eliminate the activity of the BMP antagonist Chordin. A tolloid mutant in zebrafish, mini fin (mfn), exhibits a specific loss of ...
Prefumo Federico - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of parity on endovascular trophoblastic invasion in early pregnancy. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Healthy women at 10-14 weeks of gestation. INTERVENTION(S): Surgical termination of pregnancy for nonmedical reasons. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Products of conception were blindly examined histologically with regard to the ...
Wang Xipeng - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of CD28 and CTLA-4, two costimulatory molecules involved in T-cell activation at the maternal-fetal interface in women with unexplained pregnancy loss. METHODS: A total of 57 women, 39 with unexplained spontaneous abortion (SA) and 18 with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA), were enrolled in the ...
Parent Marianne - - 2006
Prostaglandins (PG) are primary regulators of reproductive function. In ruminants, the relative production of PGE2 and PGF2alpha determines the return to a new oestrous cycle or to the establishment of pregnancy in response to a viable embryo. PG action depends on biosynthesis, transport and interaction with their receptors, which are ...
Bakouh N - - 2006
Rh glycoproteins belong to the superfamily of ammonium transporters, but until recent functional studies their functional role was unknown. This review focuses on the functional results obtained in our laboratory after the heterologous expression of RhAG (the erythroid Rh glycoprotein) and RhCG (an epithelial Rh glycoprotein). RhAG and RhCG were ...
Morini M - - 2006
Deciduoid mesothelioma is a rare variant of epithelial mesothelioma, up to now only described in human pathology, which bears remarkable cytomorphologic resemblance to the endometrium of pregnancy, termed decidua. A case of peritoneal mesothelioma with deciduoid features in a 10-year-old, female dog is reported. Multiple whitish-gray nodules (1-5 mm in ...
Bhalla A - - 2006
Recurrent miscarriage affects 1% of all couples attempting pregnancy. Immunological factors are postulated to play a role in the aetiology of recurrent miscarriage because the fetus and placenta are immunologically different from the mother. In particular, altered expression of the, non-classical, class I histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules has been ...
Pongsritasana T - - 2006
The immunomagnetic beads method for isolation of fetal nucleated red blood cells (FNRBCs) from peripheral blood of 78 pregnant women for prenatal diagnosis was developed. The study subjects were classified into 8-10 and 11-14 weeks of gestation (n = 39 each). Peripheral blood cells were divided into two for the ...
Lu Wen-Jen - - 2006
Arsenic is an established human carcinogen. The role of aquaglyroporins (AQPs) in arsenic disposition was recently identified. In order to examine whether organic anion transporting polypeptide-C (OATP-C) also plays a role in arsenic transport, OATP-C cDNA was transfected into cells of a human embryonic kidney cell line (HEK-293). Transfection increased ...
Anahara Reiko - - 2006
Flutamide (FLUT) has potent anti-androgenic activity and is used in the medical field and in a screening test to detect endocrinologically active compounds. Our previous study demonstrated that FLUT induced histological deformation of spermatids and ultrastructural defects of the apical ectoplasmic specialization (ES) in the mouse testis. The apical ES ...
Zhang Qian Q Division of Reproductive and Developmental Biology, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2678, - - 2006
This study was initiated to investigate the significance of uterine cell death and proliferation during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy and their correlation with sex steroids in hamsters where blastocyst implantation occurs in only progesterone-primed uteri. The results obtained in hamsters were also compared with mice where blastocyst implantation ...
Aydin Sevim - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphology of chorionic villi using light and electron microscopy, especially the expression of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in trophoblastic cells and the process of maturation and margination vasculogenesis proper using CD34 immunohistochemistry in tissues from the first trimester of pregnancy loss due to anembryonic pregnancy in comparison with ...
Adeyemi A B - - 2006
Although variable clinicopathological entities have been documented in sickle cell trait in pregnancy, such information is absent in this environment. This study therefore was aimed at examining the outcome of pregnancy in a population of Nigerian women with sickle cell trait. A prospective analytical study was carried at Ile-Ife, Nigeria ...
Taylor Douglas D - - 2006
Exosome release by viable cells is a feature of activated cell types, including tumors, fetal cells, and cells of the immune system. Exosomes critically regulate immune activation, by mediating activation-induced cell death. Fetal cells may mimic these events to selectively delete reactive lymphocytes. In this study the presence and composition ...
Robinson Nicola J - - 2006
Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) expression, distribution and activity were examined in human placenta and derived cells. Immunochemical techniques and RT-PCR were used to demonstrate tTG protein and mRNA in stromal cells and trophoblast in first trimester and at term, with higher levels later in pregnancy. Decidual cells also produce tTG. The ...
Bosco Cleofina - - 2007
This study examined the placentation in the degu, the origin of the extrasubplacental trophoblast (EST) (extravillous trophoblast in human), and the activity of Na+/K+ ATPase in the placental barrier during different gestational ages, as part of a wider effort to understand the reproductive biology of this species. Fifteen degus at ...
Tsai Peter T - - 2006
Erythropoietin (EPO) is the principal growth factor regulating the production of red blood cells. Recent studies demonstrated that exogenous EPO acts as a neuroprotectant and regulates neurogenesis. Using a genetic approach, we evaluate the roles of endogenous EPO and its classical receptor (EPOR) in mammalian neurogenesis. We demonstrate severe and ...
Sindram-Trujillo, Aliana Patricia
The aim of this thesis was to gain a better understanding of the immunoregulatory mechanisms associated with maternal tolerance of the fetus during pregnancy. The distribution of decidual leukocytes, specifically uterine NK cells and T cells, in the decidua basalis and parietalis were studied in the setting of normal term ...
Shynlova Oksana - - 2006
In the present study, we determined the contribution of myometrial hyperplasia, hypertrophy, and apoptosis to uterine growth during pregnancy. The changes in two endogenous markers of cell replication, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) protein expression and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation, were studied. Myocyte hypertrophy was assessed by measuring the protein:DNA ratio. ...
Armant D Randall - - 2006
Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HBEGF), which is expressed in the placenta during normal pregnancy, is down regulated in pre-eclampsia, a human pregnancy disorder associated with poor trophoblast differentiation and survival. This growth factor protects against apoptosis during stress, suggesting a role in trophoblast survival in the relatively low O(2) ( ...
Juliano P B - - 2006
Although an in vitro study has hypothesized that expression of ICAM-1 by villous trophoblasts could be important for the influx of maternal immune cells in villitis, it remains to be shown whether the same phenomenon occurs in human villitis. To investigate the expression of ICAM-1 by villous trophoblasts, its relationship ...
Handschuh K - - 2006
Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) is a metzincin metalloproteinase that cleaves the insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-dependent binding protein-4 and increases in maternal serum during pregnancy. In human placenta PAPP-A is expressed both in villous cytotrophoblasts (VCT) that cover the chorionic villi and in extravillous cytotrophoblasts (EVCT) of the anchoring villi. Due ...
Nguyen Huu Sau - - 2006
The embryonic and fetal development in the maternal uterine environment implies that different population of fetal progenitors must be in close contact to the maternal tissues. Accordingly, fetal mesenchymal and hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells have been described in the placenta and the fetal blood. Seeding in the maternal circulation, ...
Bernsen R M - - 2006
Childhood allergy constitutes a significant burden of disease in the Western world. The prevalence of this condition is highest in first born children, an as yet unresolved phenomenon called the "birth order effect". The hygiene hypothesis attempted to explain this differential risk by stating that less exposure to microbial agents ...
Xia Hong-Fei - - 2006
Interleukin-1 (IL-1beta) beta and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) play an important role during pregnancy. Expression of non-classical class MHC II RT1-DM antigen and classical class MHC I RT1-A antigen induced by IL-1beta was examined by Northern blotting, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. IL-1beta treatment significantly increased the expression of RT1-A and ...
Enders Allen C - - 2006
The hyena placenta is unique among carnivores in being hemochorial. It also has areas of erythrocyte uptake that differ from those seen in more commonly studied carnivores. The availability of timed midterm pregnancies made it possible to examine the organization of the placenta, the distribution of regions of columnar trophoblast ...
Rockwell L Christie - - 2006
The pregnancy-related size enlargement of the guinea pig uterine artery is partially accomplished by hyperplasia in all layers of the vessel wall. We sought to determine the separate and combined effects of chronic hypoxia and pregnancy on the proliferative capacity of uterine artery vascular smooth muscle cells (UA VSMCs). We ...
Kondo Akira - - 2006
We studied the quorum sensing (QS) system and the related homoserine lactones (HSLs) observing Pseudomonas aeruginosa invasion using the epithelial cell monolayer penetration assay model. Compared to the PAO1 wild-type, the QS mutants, DeltalasI and DeltarhlI, were compromised in their capacity to invade. The decreased invasiveness of DeltarhlI was restored ...
Zenclussen Ana Claudia - - 2006
Immunological imbalances have been hypothesized as a cause for the onset of preeclampsia, which is a very severe, pregnancy-related disease. We recently described a novel preeclampsia mouse model by adoptively transferring activated BALB/c Th1-like splenocytes into allogeneically pregnant BALB/c female mice during late gestation. This cell transfer provoked preeclampsia symptoms ...
Strelchenko Nick - - 2006
It has been shown that it is possible to establish human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines from morula. Details of the aforementioned injection method of morula under blastocyst are described in this chapter. This chapter also discloses the application of simultaneous staining for two markers, TRA-2-39 and Oct-4, for characteristics ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >