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Michelsen Trond Melbye - - 2013
On September 16th, Anne Eskild and Jostein Grytten published a Guest Editorial in Acta about reduction in fetal death rates (1). The authors concluded that the decline in perinatal death has been significant over the last 40 years. However, the authors also stated that "along with an increase in cesarean ...
Hamouda T - - 2012
Genital warts are the most prevalent form of viral genital mucosal lesions. In pregnancy they may proliferate and become easily irritated due to the increased vascularity and altered immunity. This case highlights the importance of a multidisciplinary approach and exact planning to ensure good outcome in the management of genital ...
Costa Mariana Carvalho - - 2010
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have a significant prevalence in both the general population and pregnant women. Accordingly, we consider the physiological changes of the maternal organism that can alter the clinical course of these diseases. In addition, obstetric and neonatal complications may occur, resulting in increased maternal and infant morbidity ...
Izci-Balserak Bilgay - - 2010
This article reviews current data on pathophysiologic mechanisms by which sleep-disordered breathing during pregnancy may cause harm, and explores biological pathways for associated adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, especially pregnancy-induced hypertension and gestational diabetes. Accumulating data indicate that snoring and sleep apnea during pregnancy are likely to increase the risk ...
Reissland Nadja - - 2010
Although a number of studies have found that maternal stress affects the fetus, it is unclear whether jerky fetal movements observed on ultrasound scans are indicative of fetal stress, or whether they are part of normal development. The present study was designed to examine the relationship between jerky fetal arm ...
Visser Gerard H A - - 2010
Ultrasound studies of fetal motor behavior provide direct – in vivo – insight in the functioning of the motor component of the fetal central nervous system. In this article, studies are reviewed showing changes in the first timetable of appearance of fetal movements, changes in quality and/or quantity of movements ...
Xi Qi - - 2011
To approach the clinical significance on detecting false non-reactive of non-stress test (NST) by improved acoustic stimulation. One-hundred and sixteen pregnant women who were at 34-41 weeks' gestation were monitored for the fetal movement and the fetal heart rate. Then, the improved acoustic stimulation which was caused by clapping hands about ...
Kranick Sarah M - - 2010
Pregnant patients are rarely encountered in the movement disorders clinic, but they present significant dilemmas regarding treatment and counseling for neurologists. While movement disorders in pregnancy once described those disorders arising de novo during pregnancy, such as chorea gravidarum or restless leg syndrome, advancing maternal age in Western countries will ...
Miskovic Berivoj - - 2010
We compared fetal behavior (FB) in high risk and normal pregnancies using four dimensional ultrasound (4DUS). For assessment of FB in high risk and normal pregnancies, we used a scoring system of Kurjak's antenatal neurological test (KANET). The newborns were assessed by a postnatal neurological test, Amiel-Tison neurological assessment at ...
Hata Toshiyuki - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, using four-dimensional (4D) sonography, the frequency of fetal movements during the late first trimester of normal singleton pregnancies. METHODS: Singleton pregnancies were studied-using transvaginal 4D sonography-for 10 minutes at 10-11 and 12-13 weeks of gestation. The frequencies of 5 fetal movements (isolated arm, isolated leg, short trunk, ...
Cohen S - - 2010
Repeated ultrasonographic observation of fetal movements was used to distinguish movement patterns and to investigate the rate of occurrence and temporal organisation of these patterns (rest-activity cycles) during the last three weeks of gestation in the pig. By means of transabdominal ultrasonography with a 3.5MHz linear array transducer, motility in ...
Araki Miyuki - - 2010
This study investigated the relationship between fetal movements and acute maternal emotional changes during pregnancy. Two empirically validated feature film clips were used for the external generation of two subjectively and facially well-characterized target emotions: happiness and sadness. We simultaneously monitored separate fetal arm, leg, and trunk movements by means ...
Unterscheider J - - 2010
There is currently inconsistent evidence and clinical guidance on how to best manage a pregnancy complicated by reduced fetal movements. This novel, web-based, anonymous questionnaire evaluated 96 assessment and management approaches from doctors working in obstetrics in the Republic of Ireland who were presented with a clinical scenario of a ...
Kim T-H - - 2010
This study was conducted to examine the behaviour and facial expressions of the fetus after birth by 4-dimensional (4-D) ultrasonography, and the association of the biophysical profile (BPP) with the Doppler scale. A total of 40 singleton pregnancies were included. All 4-D ultrasonographies were performed using the Accuvix XQ (Medison ...
Donker Mari??lle E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fetal Akinesia Deformation Sequence (FADS) is a rare, in most cases autosomal recessive, disorder. Its heterogeneous origin results in variable onset and expression of motor and postural anomalies. DNA-diagnostic possibilities are limited, thus prenatal diagnosis is chiefly dependent on sonographic examinations. AIM: To explore postural and motor development from ...
Hijazi Zina Rashed - - 2009
Maternal perception of fetal movement is an important screening method for fetal well-being, as decreased fetal movement is associated with a range of pregnancy pathologies and poor pregnancy outcomes. An understanding of factors that may affect perception could help clinicians to determine the importance of maternal reports of decreased fetal ...
van Kan C M - - 2009
Assessment of fetal motility is an approach to evaluate the development and function of the nervous system before birth. Reference values for the time of first occurrence and the incidence of normal fetal movements are indispensable for studies in which prenatal motor activity is applied as a model to study ...
Verbeek R J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In fetal spina bifida aperta (SBA), leg movements caudal to the meningomyelocele (MMC) are transiently present, but they disappear shortly after birth. Insight in the underlying mechanism could help to improve treatment strategies. In fetal SBA, the pathogenesis of neuromuscular damage prior to movement loss is still unknown. We ...
Kim A - - 2009
Chorea gravidarum is uncommon movement disorder of pregnancy, characterized by involuntary, abrupt, non-rhythmic movements. It can be idiopathic or secondary to the underlying pathology. A 28-year-old, primigravida woman who was 8 weeks and 6 days of gestation presented with a history of involuntary choreiform movements in the left side limbs ...
Babovic I - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the short-term effects of direct intramuscular (i.m.) corticosteroid therapy on fetal biophysical profile, baseline fetal heart rate and the nonstress test, which indicate the degree of fetal hypoxia. METHOD: We evaluated the effect of direct i.m. fetal single-dose dexamethasone (4 mg/kg) ...
Cowie Rosalind V - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop a model to study the fetal effects of intrapleural infusion of OK-432 (Picibanil), a pleurodesis agent derived from killed Gram-positive streptococci. METHODS: OK-432 (0.1 mg, n = 5), or normal saline (n = 5) were infused over 20 min into the pleural space of chronically instrumented preterm ...
Holm Tveit Julie Victoria - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: 'Normal' fetal activity is recognized as a sign of fetal well-being and concerns for decreased fetal movements is a frequent cause of non-scheduled antenatal visits. The aim of this study was to identify maternal characteristics in women presenting decreased fetal movements in a total population, to identify the risk ...
Kleven Gale A - - 2009
The study of fetal neurobehavioral development in genetically altered mice promises a significant advance in our understanding of the prenatal origins of developmental disabilities in humans. Despite their importance, little is known about fetal neurobehavioral development in mice. In this study, we observed prenatal behavioral patterns of the C57BL/6J mouse, ...
Friedman Andrzej - - 2009
Paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dyskinesia (PNKD) is a clinical syndrome of sudden involuntary movements, mostly of dystonic type, which may be triggered by alcohol or coffee intake, stress and fatigue. The attacks of PNKD may consist of various combinations of dystonia, chorea, athetosis and balism. They can be partial and unilateral, but ...
Gowland P A - - 2008
This letter uses data from the literature to estimate the temperature rise in the fetus due to RF deposition within normal SAR limits for the pregnant woman. The results suggest that caution should be exercised when performing fetal MRI at high SAR levels until further data are available. It makes ...
Florido J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate parameters of fetal breathing movements-displacement of the fetal abdominal wall during inspiration and expiration, time of inspiration and expiration and speed of inspiration and expiration-between 30 and 36 weeks' gestation in normal pregnancies, and in those complicated by gestational diabetes or maternal hypertension. METHODS: Three categories of ...
Ho S S - - 2008
This study aims to evaluate the wear comfort of eight commercially available maternity support garments. The thermophysiological, sensory/tactile and movement comfort were assessed in a wear trial using a 19-item questionnaire. Fourteen pregnant Chinese women aged 32.3 +/- 4.2 years were recruited from a local obstetric clinic. The results show ...
Bigi Nicole - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine fetal features, which could lead to the diagnosis of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) during pregnancy. METHODS: We analyze the ultrasound features, genetic studies and pathologic findings in two cases of PWS diagnosed during pregnancy. RESULTS: In the first case, diminished fetal movement, polyhydramnios and oddly positioned hands and ...
Frøen J Frederik - - 2008
Maternal perception of decreased fetal activity is a common complaint, and one of the most frequent causes of unplanned visits in pregnancy. No proposed definitions of decreased fetal movements have ever been proven to be superior to a subjective maternal perception in terms of identifying a population at risk. Women ...
Frøen J Frederik - - 2008
Maternal perception of fetal movements is the oldest and most commonly used method to assess fetal well-being. While almost all pregnant women adhere to it, organized screening by fetal movements has seen variable popularity among health professionals. Early results of screening were promising and fetal movement counting is the only ...
Martin Chester B CB - - 2008
The principal objective of antenatal testing is to detect fetal hypoxia before the fetus has suffered lasting harm. This article summarizes some of the mechanisms by which fetal oxygen consumption is maintained under normal conditions, and adaptations that occur in response to hypoxemia. Alterations in the fetal heart rate are ...
de Heus Roel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fetal heart rate (FHR) variation and fetal movements show a diurnal rhythm, a rise in the afternoon and evening compared to morning hours. A previous study showed that reductions in fetal parameters occurring two to three days after betamethasone administration are most likely caused by suppression of the normal ...
Saastad Eli - - 2008
Our aim was to identify associations between information given to pregnant women about fetal activity, level of maternal awareness of fetal activity, maternal concern about decreased fetal movement, and pregnancy outcomes. This was a population-based cross-sectional study. Mothers with a singleton delivery were invited to answer an anonymous structured questionnaire ...
Kuwata Tomoyuki - - 2008
AIMS: To establish a reference value for the frequency of fetal movements perceived by the mother during the second half of pregnancy. METHODS: The study subjects consisted of 705 low risk Japanese pregnant women who continuously received antenatal care. We asked women to record the time required to perceive 10 ...
Maputle, M S; ;
Over the years, maternal perception of foetal movement has become recognised as a valuable tool for early detection of foetal compromise. Foetal movement is a reliable sign of foetal well-being (Bennett & Brown, 1999:232). Despite being a useful method in attaining clinical foetal monitoring, foetal movement is probably under-utilised, especially ...
Thygesen Torben H - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate potential individual and intraoperative risk factors associated with bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) and to correlate the findings with postoperative changes in somatosensory function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 18 men and 29 women (mean age, 31 +/- 10 years) ...
McGorry Raymond W - - 2008
This paper describes the observation of rearward movement (RM) of the heel following heel strike occurring during normal gait. Thirty-one participants recruited as part of a larger study on slip kinematics walked the length of an 8-m runway at a speed of 1.5 m/s. Several floor surfaces, presented dry and ...
Abbate F - - 2008
During the last few years, green iguanas (Iguana iguana) have turned out to be one of the most popular pets. They are omnivorous. In their way of feeding, this crucial function is performed by capturing of the preys and mostly, this is carried out by the tongue. The role of ...
Lee Sang-Hee - - 2008
Subterranean termites forage from place to place by tunneling through soil. In order to examine termite-tunneling responses to external factors, we designed a square arena that contains five introduction chambers connected with narrow paths, which was filled with sand. Triangle-shaped indentation with width W and height H was provided as ...
Lüchinger Annemarie B - - 2008
Perinatal qualitative assessment of general movements (GMs) is a tool to evaluate the integrity of the young nervous system. The aim of this investigation was to study the emergence of GMs. Fetal onset of GMs was studied sonographically in 18 fetuses during the first trimester of uncomplicated in vitro fertilization ...
Mann Nirmal S - - 2008
GOALS: To measure bloating score, flatus passage, and hydrogen production after oral fructose in patients with history of fruit intolerance and compare these parameters with those in normal controls. BACKGROUND: Some patients complain of abdominal distention and excessive flatus after ingesting certain fruits such as mango, persimmon, and grapes but ...
Heazell A E P - - 2008
Maternal perception of fetal movements is widely used as a marker of fetal viability and well-being. A reduction in fetal movements is associated with fetal hypoxia, increased incidence of stillbirth and fetal growth restriction (FGR). Therefore, a reduction in fetal movements has been proposed as a screening tool for FGR ...
Staroselsky Arthur - - 2008
One of my patients is in the third trimester of her first pregnancy. She has recently experienced spotting during her bowel movements. She has hemorrhoids. What medications are safe? The treatment is mainly symptomatic for most patients. Most forms of the condition can be treated by increasing fibre content in ...
Vaupotic Janja - - 2008
At two points in the Postojna Cave, short-term monitoring in summer and in winter of air concentrations of radon and radon decay products, equilibrium factor, unattached fraction of radon decay products (f(un)), barometric pressure, relative air humidity in the cave and air temperature in the cave and outdoor has been ...
Minai Limor - - 2008
Oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) deficiency may have early antenatal manifestations, probably related to the time course and/or tissue specificity of the disease gene expression during the embryo-fetal period. This feature hampers a fully reliable prenatal enzymological diagnosis of OXPHOS deficiency. We have studied OXPHOS in various human fetal tissues from 9 ...
Jensen Dennis - - 2008
This study examined the role of pregnancy-induced changes in wakefulness (or non-chemoreflex) and central chemoreflex drives to breathe, acid-base balance and female sex hormones in the hyperventilation of human pregnancy. Thirty-five healthy women were studied in the third trimester (TM(3); 36.3+/-1.0 weeks gestation; mean+/-S.D.) and again 20.2+/-7.8 weeks post-partum (PP). ...
Hon Kam-Lun Ellis - - 2008
Pemphigoid gestationis (PG) is a rare itching bullous disease of pregnancy and the postpartum period. We describe the use of a new methodology for measuring the nature and intensity of itching in a 21-year-old woman with pemphigoid gestationis. At 19 weeks gestation, she developed an itchy rash over the limbs, ...
Heazell Alexander E P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal perception of decreased fetal movements (DFM) affects 5-15% of pregnancies. DFM is associated with intra-uterine fetal death (IUFD) and intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR). It has been proposed that maternal perception of DFM may be used as a screening tool for IUFD or IUGR. However, this proposal is complicated ...
Vullings R R Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. - - 2008
Fetal movement is a valuable source of information to monitor the neurological development of the fetus and assess fetal health. Currently, fetal movement can be assessed by the mother or detected by analysis of ultrasound images. Long-term monitoring of movement is complicated with both these methods as maternal self-assessment has ...
Carney Edward W - - 2007
Delayed (or incomplete) ossification of developing fetal bones and wavy ribs are some of the most common skeletal variations encountered in regulatory guideline developmental toxicity studies. Although they tend to be regarded as minor effects, they can be quite sensitive and consequently may influence the study lowest-observed-adverse-effect levels (LOAELs), and ...
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