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Govindan R B - - 2007
Using detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA), we studied the scaling properties of the time instances (occurrence) of the fetal breathing, gross-body, and extremity movements scored on a second by second basis from the recorded ultrasound measurements of 49 fetuses. The DFA exponent α of all the three movements of the fetuses ...
Jensen Dennis - - 2007
Human pregnancy is characterized by significant increases in ventilatory drive both at rest and during exercise. The increased ventilation and attendant hypocapnia of pregnancy has been attributed primarily to the stimulatory effects of female sex hormones (progesterone and estrogen) on central and peripheral chemoreflex drives to breathe. However, recent research ...
Ronca April E - - 2007
Our understanding of prenatal behavior has been significantly advanced by techniques for direct observation and manipulation of unanesthetized, behaving rodent fetuses with intact umbilical connections to the mother. These techniques involve brief administration of an inhalant anesthesic, enabling spinal transection of the rat or mouse dam, after which procedures can ...
Bordelon Yvette M - - 2007
Movement disorders are not commonly seen during pregnancy. As a result, there are few studies on whether disease manifestations are affected by the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy or on the teratogenicity of commonly used medications for movement disorders on the developing fetus. This article discusses movement disorders that ...
Habek Dubravko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to perform qualitative and quantitative ultrasound (US) monitoring of fetal movement in early pregnancy (gestational weeks 10-20) as a component of fetal behavior in women smokers. METHODS: The study included three groups of 20 pregnant women each: non-smokers (group 1), smokers of an ...
Guimarães Filho Hélio Antonio - - 2008
Proposed by Frank Manning about 26 years ago, fetal biophysical profile has been incorporated to the propaedeutics of non-invasive fetal well being assessment in high-risk gestations. Despite the existence of other methods for assessing fetal vitality, as Doppler flowmetry, the biophysical profile continues to be important in estimating the risk ...
Popescu E A - - 2007
Fetal hiccups emerge as early as nine weeks post-conception, being the predominant diaphragmatic movement before 26 weeks of gestation. They are considered as a programmed isometric inspiratory muscle exercise of the fetus in preparation for the post-natal respiratory function, or a manifestation of a reflex circuitry underlying the development of ...
Gräns Albin - - 2007
Bird incubation demands a balance between parental needs for foraging with fetal needs for heat provision and protection so that any means of communication between the fetus and the parents would have an adaptive value. The aim of the study was to investigate whether putative avenues of feto-maternal communication would ...
Kribèche A - - 2007
Fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring is a crucial part of monitoring at-risk pregnancies and labor. Its aim is to detect any abnormalities that might indicate acute fetal distress and a need for rapid treatment to avoid death or serious sequelae, including cerebral handicap. The use of fetal biophysical profiles in ...
Chmielewski Terese L - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Nonexperimental. OBJECTIVES: To determine interrater and intrarater agreement for 2 methods of evaluating movement quality during 2 lower extremity functional tasks, and to descriptively compare levels of agreement between the 2 methods. BACKGROUND: Clinicians typically use observational analysis to evaluate movement quality during functional tasks, but the extent ...
Steinmetz Patrick R H - - 2007
During frog and fish development, convergent extension movements transform the spherical gastrula into an elongated neurula. Such transformation of a ball- into a worm-shaped embryo is an ancestral and fundamental feature of bilaterian development, yet this is modified or absent in the protostome model organisms Caenorhabditis or Drosophila. In the ...
Erer Sevda - - 2008
We describe a case with adult onset motor tics after peripheral trauma. A 43-year-old man suffered a left shoulder dislocation during a motorcycle accident 21 years ago. Within 2 weeks after the injury, he noticed the gradual onset of involuntary jerking movements of his left shoulder, which was markedly exacerbated ...
Gómez Luis M - - 2007
We sought to determine the degree of compliance with a novel fetal movement chart (FMC) by high-risk patients versus the standard so-called count-to-10 method. This prospective trial included 1400 high-risk patients. Women with singleton gestations were randomly assigned to use either the count-to-10 chart or a FMC proposed by the ...
Tarălungă D - - 2007
The electrical activity recorded on the abdomen during pregnancy and labor (abdominal signals, ADS) contains vital information about the health state of both mother and fetus. The most important signal related with the health of fetus, extensively studied by now, is the fetal ECG (fECG) which allows physicians to examine ...
Neri Isabella - - 2007
The aim of the study was to evaluate cardiovascular effects and fetal behavior during moxibustion, acupuncture or acupuncture plus moxibustion applied on the BL.67 acupoint of women (beside the outer corner of the 5th toenail) in fetal breech presentation. During the acupoint stimulation (20 min, two times a week), the ...
Mangesi L - - 2007
Fetal movement counting is a method by which a woman quantifies the movements she feels to assess the condition of the baby. The purpose is to try to reduce perinatal mortality by alerting caregivers when the baby might have become compromised. This method may be used routinely, or only in ...
Yigiter Alin Basgul - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In this prospective randomized study, fetal behavior was investigated in order to determine the standard parameters of fetal movements and facial expressions in all three trimesters of normal pregnancy. METHODS: Sixty-three pregnant women with singleton pregnancies in all trimesters were included in the investigation. Four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound was performed ...
Pulgar Victor M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of prolonged mild hypoxemia on fetal brain electrocorticogram (ECoG) in late gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal and maternal catheters were placed under general anesthesia and animals allocated at random to receive intratracheal maternal administration of either nitrogen (n = 8) or compressed air (n = 8). ...
Bradley B - - 2006
There can be several reasons why a pregnant patient may receive a radiological examination. It could have been a planned exposure, or the exposure might have resulted from an emergency when a thorough evaluation of pregnancy was impractical. Sometimes the pregnancy was unsuspected at the time of the examination and, ...
Porcaro Camillo - - 2006
In this paper, we present a magnetoencephalographic study of the fetal auditory response to external stimuli and to the sound of the mother's heartbeat. We describe how an ad hoc functional selection procedure allowed us to isolate the sources in the fetal brain responding to sounds only, after the application ...
Stocche Theodolinda Mestriner - - 2006
The aim of this study was to verify developmental aspects of fetal movements through 2D ultrasonic recordings of normal fetuses, product of low risk pregnancies. A qualitative analysis of the several types of movements was performed in a sample of six fetuses, each four weeks, from 12th to 40th gestational ...
de Vries J I P - - 2006
After 35 years of real-time two-dimensional sonography, and now that 4D sonography is within our grasp, this article presents an overview of present-day knowledge of normal fetal motility. A literature search was carried out on articles from 1970, using the keywords: 'fetal', 'movements', 'motility', 'movement patterns', 'ultrasound' and 'sonography'. Inclusion ...
Gurung Geeta - - 2006
Extensive torsion of umbilical cord, a rare complication, shown by 2 fetuses with too frequent changes in their lie and presentation with subsequent development of fetal growth restriction (FGR), culminating intrauterine fetal death of one with transverse lie and survival of the other with decreased fetal movement worsened by impending ...
Ellegård Eva K - - 2006
Pregnancy rhinitis has gained attention as a defined clinical entity that is recognized increasingly by medical professionals and by the public. It affects one in five pregnant women, and as far as we know, it is not caused by one single factor. Pregnant women should be informed about this cause ...
Duncan Jhodie R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine infection has been linked to brain injury in human infants, although the mechanisms are not fully understood. We recently showed that repeated acute exposure of preterm fetal sheep to bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) results in fetal hypoxemia, hypotension, increased systemic proinflammatory cytokines, and brain damage, including white matter ...
Paternoster Delia M - - 2006
Ballantyne syndrome (also called mirror syndrome or triple edema) describes the unusual association of fetal and placental hydrops with maternal preeclampsia. This is a case report illustrating a 37-year-old patient who was referred to our clinics at 28 weeks of gestation (wg) because of fetal hydrothorax. On examination, the woman ...
Kurjak Asim - - 2006
AIM: To construct normal standards for fetal neurobehavioral development using longitudinal observations through all trimesters by four-dimensional sonography. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A group of 100 healthy normal singleton pregnancies were recruited for longitudinal 4D US examinations to evaluate fetal neurodevelopmental parameters between 7 to 40 weeks' gestation. Variables of maternal ...
Zisser Howard - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether some offspring of women with diabetes are intrinsically more active than others in utero and whether those who are active are able to normalize their birth weight despite maternal hyperglycemia. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a three-phase study to view the relationship between fetal movements ...
Maeda Kazuo - - 2006
AIMS: This study examined whether analysis of fetal behavioral states by monitoring fetal heart rate and movement using an actocardiogram (ACG), could provide prognostic information related to fetal central nervous system (CNS) lesions. METHODS: The ACG simultaneously records fetal heart rate (FHR) and fetal movement bursts composed of spikes of ...
Horigome Hitoshi - - 2006
Fetal magnetocardiography (fMCG) is useful for analysis of fetal cardiac events. However, fetal presentation and movement affect the fMCG waveform, making it difficult to standardize the waveform. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the use of vector magnetometers can compensate for these limitations. We studied 59 fetuses ...
Batcha T M - - 2005
RATIONALE: A healthy foetus, if exposed to external sound stimulation, often responds with vigorous movements which can be felt by the mother. A hypoxic foetus usually does not show this response. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the fetal acoustic stimulation test (FAST) in antepartum fetal monitoring. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective interventional study ...
Grassi Roberto - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our study was focused on the evaluation of fluid dynamics to assess the value of gray-scale and color Doppler sonography for evaluating the development of fetal swallow-related movements from early gestation until birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 56 fetuses from weeks 15-39 of gestation. Each fetus was examined ...
Kurjak Asim - - 2005
AIM: To assess fetal behavior in all three trimesters of normal pregnancy and to investigate the continuation of behavior from fetal to neonatal period. METHODS: One hundred out of 130 pregnant women in all trimesters with singleton pregnancy were assigned for the investigation. All recordings were performed in the morning, ...
Heazell A E P - - 2005
It has been proposed that maternal perception of reduced fetal movements may be indicative of placental insufficiency, and that women who present with reduced fetal movements should be investigated for evidence of placental insufficiency. A retrospective case notes-based analysis of patients presenting with reduced fetal movements was undertaken. There were ...
Pien Grace W - - 2005
Although incident snoring is common in pregnant women and has been proposed as a potential risk factor for adverse maternal-fetal outcomes, the development of sleep-disordered breathing during pregnancy has not been prospectively described. Using the Apnea Symptom Score from the Multivariable Apnea Prediction Index and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, we ...
Maeda Kazuo - - 2005
AIM: To quantitatively analyze actocardiography as a method to differentiate between active and resting fetal states. METHODS: We established five new quantitative parameters for actocardiogram; they include duration, occupancy, and frequency of movement bursts, and fetal heart rate acceleration to movement ratio (A/B ratio) in duration and number. These parameters ...
Layne Linda L - - 2006
Using as examples three of the earliest pregnancy and infant loss organizations and multiple recent initiatives, I argue this is a unique patient movement, in part due to the particularities of pregnant patienthood. Although during the first 20 years of this distinctively US movement, pregnancy and infant loss support was ...
Tseng Lo-Lin - - 2005
We report a case of a newborn with unexpected severe anemia. A woman, at 38 5/7 weeks of gestational age, presented with decreased fetal movement. A sinusoidal fetal heartbeat waveform and late deceleration pattern on fetal monitoring strengthened the decision for emergent Cesarean section. Using the frequency of fetal movement ...
Scilingo Enzo Pasquale - - 2005
In the last few years, the smart textile area has become increasingly widespread, leading to developments in new wearable sensing systems. Truly wearable instrumented garments capable of recording behavioral and vital signals are crucial for several fields of application. Here we report on results of a careful characterization of the ...
Kanhai J K K - - 2005
The study presents the results of the development of an analyser to measure sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) gas in breathing circuits, for application is studies of lung function. The analyser consists of an in-line breathing circuit measurement transducer and a compact unit for signal treatment. The detector unit of the analyser ...
El-Haddad Mostafa A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Sweet taste responsiveness is reduced in adult rats and humans following continued oral sucrose. We have previously demonstrated that sublingual sucrose stimulates near term ovine fetal swallowing, suggesting intact taste responsiveness. We sought to determine if prolonged oral sucrose infusion to the near term ovine fetus will evoke adaptation, ...
Schlabritz-Loutsevitch Natalia E - - 2005
The normal ranges of hematological cell profiles and biochemistry are documented in adult non-pregnant, pregnant, juvenile, and neonatal baboons. Despite the extensive use of the baboon as a model for the study of various aspects of pregnancy, there is no data from paired mothers and their fetuses at different stages ...
Hata Toshiyuki - - 2005
AIM: There have been a few reports about 3-D sonographic observation of fetal movements using dynamic 3-D sonography. However, dynamic 3-D sonography is not real-time, the frame rate being in the region of 4-6 frames per second depending on the size of the region of interest and the number of ...
Morrison Janna L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Depression during pregnancy is frequently treated with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), fluoxetine (FX), commonly known as Prozac (Eli Lilly & Co, Indianapolis, IN). FX potentiates serotoninergic neurotransmission and serotonin has been implicated in the regulation of circadian rhythms. We have therefore investigated the effect of chronic administration ...
Van de Velde Marc - - 2005
Obstetric endoscopy procedures are routinely performed at our institution to treat selected complications of monochorionic twin gestation. We perform these procedures under combined spinal epidural anesthesia plus maternal sedation. In the absence of general anesthesia, fetal immobilization is not achieved. We hypothesized that remifentanil would induce adequate maternal sedation and ...
Hwang Yong Hee - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine the outcome and to identify possible predictors of success for biofeedback therapy after perineal rectosigmoidectomy (PRS) or coloanal or ileoanal J pouch. A retrospective chart review of all patients with electromyography-based biofeedback therapy due to fecal incontinence after PRS or a J ...
Kurjak A - - 2005
The investigation of fetal intrauterine activities has been enabled by the development of two-dimensional ultrasound. It has been shown that the earliest signs of fetal motor activity can be in the late embryonic period, and that the characteristics of fetal motor patterns change constantly throughout gestation. During the first trimester ...
Balogh Adi A Swiss Cottage Pilates Studio, London. - - 2005
Pregnancy is associated with a number of musculoskeletal problems. It is important to educate all mothers, as well as those involved in ante- and postnatal care with advice on bras and exercises that are safe in pregnancy (in particular pelvic floor exercises). There is not much that can be done ...
Gingras J L - - 2005
Four behavioural states are recognised in the human fetus and are comparable to those of the neonate: 1F (quiet sleep), 2F (active state), 3F (quiet awake), and 4F (active awake). State 5, or crying, is not considered to have a fetal correlate. In a study assessing the effects of exposure ...
Silveira Erika B - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to establish a possible correlation between systemic hypermobility and temporomandibular hypermobility during pregnancy. One hundred (100) healthy pregnant women were evaluated: 7% in the first trimester (1T), 38% in the second trimester (2T), and 55% in the third trimester (3T) of gestation. In the ...
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