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Wheeler T - - 1987
Using conventional cardiotocographic equipment with the ultrasound transducer placed to detect the fetal heart, we obtained unprocessed Doppler signals in the frequency range 13-70 Hz and used them to detect movements of the fetal trunk. In an assessment of maternal perception of fetal activity, we found that Doppler signals were ...
Devoe L D - - 1987
Fetal biophysical testing incorporates observations of the fetal heart rate (FHR), fetal breathing movements (FBMs) and fetal trunkal movements (FTMs). These parameters were examined during maternal fasting and glucose loading. Thirty normal term gravidas were studied during a 210-minute session, of which the first 30 minutes served as a fasting ...
Vintzileos A M - - 1987
In a prospective study of 124 patients undergoing cesarean section before the onset of labor, the fetal biophysical profile was found to have a significant relationship with umbilical cord blood pH (artery and vein). Using cord arterial pH less than 7.20 as a standard for the diagnosis of fetal acidosis, ...
Blott M - - 1987
In 11 pregnancies complicated by oligohydramnios due to spontaneous rupture of the membranes in the second trimester of pregnancy fetal breathing movements were assessed regularly by ultrasonographic examinations. In the 6 cases in which fetal breathing movements were detected the babies were liveborn and there was no evidence of pulmonary ...
Sørensen B H - - 1987
The purpose of the investigation was to assess the extent of nitrous oxide pollution during bronchoscopy (rigid ventilation bronchoscope) and further to elucidate the possible reduction in air pollution during local scavenging of leaking gas by a suction catheter placed in the pharynx. The study included 14 adult patients. The ...
Zimmer E Z - - 1987
The relationship between fetal movements, fetal heart rate and uterine contractions was studied with a computerized system in 18 parturients during the active phase of labor. 80% of FHR accelerations and 39% of uterine contractions were associated with fetal trunk movements. The probability of association was greater in longer movements ...
Swartjes J M - - 1987
A regular count of perceived fetal movements by the mother has been proposed as a screening method for the early recognition of fetal distress. Absence or a strongly decreased number of fetal movements during a particular period is considered as a sign of fetal distress. In the study presented, the ...
Patrick J - - 1987
We measured fetal breathing movements and fetal carotid arterial prostaglandin E concentrations during adrenocorticotrophin-induced labour in 6 pregnant sheep and in 6 control animals starting at day 127. The 6 ACTH-treated animals went into labour on average 97 h after the onset of infusion and the incidence of fetal breathing ...
Magriples U - - 1987
The position of the mammalian larynx has been shown to be an important determinant in breathing, swallowing, and vocalizing patterns. While the growth of the adult human larynx has been studied extensively, detailed examination of fetal development has not been undertaken. Thus, crucial developmental change in the fetal period and ...
Chowanetz W - - 1987
We tested the flow-impeding properties of the nasopharynx in 27 healthy subjects with normal nasal resistance (mean +/- SD: 2.45 +/- 1.92 cmH20.l-1 X s). While the subjects inspired and expired deliberately through a rubber mouth-piece, a tight-fitting nose-mask was supplied with 100% O2 from a filled 30-1 rubber bag. ...
Manning F A - - 1987
In the art of medicine we have always known that establishing an accurate diagnosis of health or disease is essential. An active search for the physical signs, both the time honoured and newly discovered, are a crucial step in achieving diagnostic accuracy, in monitoring disease progression, and in assigning prognosis. ...
Muller L M - - 1987
A diagnosis of the Neu-Laxova syndrome was made by ultrasonography in the third trimester of pregnancy. Initial ultrasonographic examination, at approximately 28 wk gestation, showed intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), hypoechoic skeletal structures, kyphosis, feeble fetal activity, and restricted limb movement. Subsequent sonograms showed microcephaly with a receding forehead and prominent ...
Devoe L D - - 1987
Fetal tachypnea has been regarded as a rare finding with a poor perinatal prognosis. Eighteen cases of fetal tachypnea were noted during the biophysical tests of 200 patients. Biophysical testing consisted of concurrent ultrasound observations of fetal breathing and body movements and electronic monitoring of fetal heart rate, coupled with ...
Valentin L - - 1987
Out of 1914 women who had been instructed to count fetal movements (FMs) throughout the third trimester of pregnancy, 158 consulted the delivery ward staff about decreased FMs; they constituted the study group. Each woman who reported decreased FMs was examined by cardiotocography, analysis of plasma estriol and objective recording ...
Arduini D - - 1987
Fetal heart rate and fetal movements were recorded over a 24-hour interval in a totally adrenalectomized pregnant woman at term. Cortisol, ACTH, unconjugated estriol and 17 beta-estradiol were contemporaneously measured every 2 h in the maternal peripheral plasma. Owing to the substitution therapy the patient showed a loss of circadian ...
Sadovsky E - - 1987
Fetal movements (FM) may be spontaneous, originating in the fetus itself, or evoked by external stimuli. The relative rate of spontaneous and evoked FM has not yet been documented. As it is impossible to differentiate in a singleton pregnancy between these types of movements - the natural model of twin ...
Martin C B CB - - 1987
Eight chronically instrumented fetal sheep were asphyxiated for 1 h by partial occlusion of the uterine blood supply. Fetal movements, as reflected by phasic activity in the nuchal electromyogram, decreased during the period of asphyxia. Tonic activity also decreased. The proportion of time spent in high-voltage electrocortical activity increased. Following ...
Kitterman J A - - 1987
Considerable evidence indicates that prostaglandins participate in the control of breathing in the fetus, during parturition and at birth. Further studies are required to fully define the physiologic role of prostaglandins, their exact site of action, their mechanism of action and their interaction with other physiologic factors. With regard to ...
Schwöbel E - - 1987
We have tested a new Doppler ultrasound apparatus which registers both fetal movements and fetal heart rate with a single transducer. To evaluate the reliability of the recognition of movements we also observed them simultaneously by real time ultrasound. In 20 patients with normal pregnancies between the 30th and 42nd ...
Maeda K - - 1987
A new ultrasonic technique for objective, continuous and simple recordings method of fetal movements on CTG chart has been introduced. Fetal activity and heart-rate will be correlated. This allows a differentiation of fetal active and resting states. The duration of the first one was 24 to 150 minutes, that of ...
Yarkoni S - - 1987
Fetal activity throughout pregnancy has been thoroughly studied. Relatively little informations regarding intrapartum fetal activity is available. Richardson et al. [8] found no fetal respiratory movements. While Boylan et al. [2] and Whittman et al. [12] reported decreased fetal breathing movements in active labor. This study was undertaken to evaluate ...
Colley N - - 1986
We have recently developed a phonographic transducer which is compliance-matched to the maternal abdomen. Using it, it is possible to monitor for long time periods, non-invasively and without discomfort, the sound and infra-sound produced by the fetus. Fetal heart sounds, fetal breathing, and fetal body movements can be recorded overnight ...
Sadovsky E - - 1986
Fetal activity expresses the fetal condition in utero. Absence of fetal movements may signify fetal distress. The reduction in fetal movements (FM) to 3 or less or their cessation for at least 12 h with audible heart beats was referred to by us as movement alarm signal (MAS). The rate ...
Mulders L G - - 1986
In 19 normal pregnancies between 37 and 39 weeks of gestation, the blood flow velocity waveform (FVW) of the umbilical artery was studied in relation to fetal breathing movements, fetal heart rate (FHR) and the fetal heart rate patterns (FHRPs) A and B. FHRP A is stable, with a narrow ...
Walker D W - - 1986
High environmental temperature is known to impair fetal growth and development. We now report long lasting changes in fetal breathing activity following the exposure of pregnant ewes to an ambient temperature of 43 degrees C for 8 h. In 16 trials in 10 ewes (119-138 days gestation) heat exposure increased ...
Valentin L - - 1986
Changes in fetal motor activity may reflect changes in central nervous function and in the health of the fetus. Recording of fetal movement (FM) has therefore been suggested as a method of assessing fetal well-being. To establish the normal range of FMs in the third trimester of pregnancy, FMs were ...
Jaschevatzky O - - 1986
Fetal breathing movements (FBM) were assessed in 28 pregnant women, presenting with uterine contractions before 34 weeks gestation. External tocometry was used to determine uterine contractions objectively. The first group consisted of 17 patients, treated by tocolytics after the ultrasound scanning showed absence of FBM. The second group comprised 11 ...
Arbas E A - - 1986
Steering movements of tethered, flying locusts, Schistocerca gregaria, subjected to simulated yaw were examined under open-loop conditions. Lateral movements of hindlimbs or curling of the abdomen were monitored with a capacitive movement transducer and were interpreted as indicating the tendency of the animal to turn. Three responses to simulated yaw ...
Norman L A - - 1986
The biophysical profile assesses fetal well-being by evaluating five variables: fetal heart rate reactivity, breathing movements, gross body movements, muscular tone and qualitative amniotic fluid volume. These are estimated through nonstress test monitoring and fetal ultrasound. The biophysical profile reduces the high false-positive rate that is characteristic of single-parameter testing ...
Seeds J W - - 1986
The use of fetal intramuscular pancuronium (0.5 mg) to temporarily arrest fetal movement during antenatal intervention in six instances is reported. Successful arrest of movement without adverse side effects was observed. The use of this technique eliminates the need for the excessive and potentially dangerous maternal sedation currently used to ...
Ohel G - - 1986
Fetal movement (FM) counts by mothers with premature rupture of membranes (PROM) may be helpful in estimating fetal well being, provided FM assessment is not altered by the reduced amniotic fluid. It is possible that the decreased uterine volume restricts fetal movements, though the closer contact of the fetus to ...
Bannister C M - - 1986
Ultrasonography has made it possible to diagnose abnormalities of the human central nervous system early in pregnancy. However, more needs to be known about the response of the fetal brain before the mother and fetus are subjected to the risks of complex neurosurgical procedures. This study investigated the effects of ...
Gantes M - - 1986
A variety of biochemical and biophysical techniques are used for the assessment of fetal well-being in high-risk pregnancy. Based on clinical experience, the daily fetal movement record has been found to be an inexpensive, non-invasive, simple tool that may be used for the continuous assessment of the fetus by the ...
Schned E S - - 1986
DeQuervain tenosynovitis, which involves the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons, is much more common in women than men and is due to repetitive movements of the hand such as grasping and twisting. Housewives and persons involved in manual occupations using the hands and wrists account for most ...
Valentin L - - 1986
As decreased foetal movement (FM) may indicate impaired foetal health, FM recording has been suggested as a method of assessing foetal well-being. A non-intrusive, automated method of recording FM (FM-detector), was compared with maternal and ultrasonographic assessment of FMs in 24 women in the third trimester of pregnancy. The FM-detector ...
Devoe L D - - 1986
Metastatic pheochromocytoma, a rare complication of pregnancy, was managed from 30 weeks' gestation until delivery three weeks later with a combination of alpha-adrenergic blockade (Minipres) beta-adrenergic blockade (Timolol), and dopamine synthesis inhibition (Demser). The biophysical parameters of fetal heart rate (FHR) baseline, variability, and reactivity, as well as fetal breathing ...
Witt D R - - 1986
A brother and sister from consecutive pregnancies had rigid and tightly adherent skin in association with generalized contractures, unusual facies, pulmonary hypoplasia, an abnormal placenta, and a short umbilical cord. Both died shortly after birth. Pathologic examination of the skin by light and electron microscopy showed structural abnormalities of the ...
Devoe L D - - 1986
To study the effects of L-tryptophan and glucose on fetal breathing activity, we examined 40 women with normal term pregnancies, randomly assigned to four equal groups who either continued fasting (group C), received 1 gm of oral tryptophan (group T), received 100 gm of oral glucose (group G), or received ...
Vintzileos A M - - 1986
A retrospective study of 1151 fetal biophysical profiles and scores associated with good pregnancy outcome was conducted over a three-year period in the author's institution. Normal fetal biophysical activities and scores were determined throughout gestation from 25 to 44 weeks in patients with intact membranes, and compared with profiles and ...
Calhaem M N - - 1986
Interchange between ventilatory and spontaneously breathing modes using a Bain system and a Penlon Nuffield 200 ventilator may be achieved by the single action of switching the ventilator on or off. No alteration is made to the expiratory valve, reservoir bag, ventilator tubing or scavenging system and there are no ...
Lodeiro J G - - 1986
The fetal biophysical profile (nonstress test, fetal breathing movements, fetal movements, fetal tone, amniotic fluid volume, placental grading) was assessed in 49 consecutive referred high-risk patients with twin gestations. The relationship between the last fetal biophysical profile score before delivery was compared with the pregnancy outcome--as reflected by the presence ...
Leiberman J R - - 1986
Electrical accidents during pregnancy are relatively infrequent, and reports are rare. Six pregnant women who suffered an electrical injury during pregnancy are presented here. For all, the current path through the body was from hand to foot. Changes that occurred in fetal movements and development as well as the outcome ...
Martin C B CB - - 1986
Animal models have played an important role in fetal physiological and behavioural research, and will continue to do so. They can provide important insights into processes and mechanisms, which can then be compared with findings from the more limited observations possible on the human fetus and neonate. Since each species ...
Visser G H - - 1986
Real-time ultrasound observation of fetal movement patterns can be used to assess the development of the motor component of the nervous system. Data are presented on the emergence of fetal movements in the first trimester of pregnancy, and on the development of fetal behavioural states in the third trimester, in ...
Colley N - - 1986
In 12 pregnant mothers fetal sounds and infrasounds were recorded by means of a new compliance matched transducer and compared with a simultaneous ultrasound record of fetal activity. A defined pattern on the fetal phonograph correlated with 86% of the total fetal breathing detected with ultrasound, and a further distinctive ...
Benacerraf B R - - 1986
In a period of 1.5 years, approximately 1000 women with high-risk pregnancy received sonographic examinations in the authors' laboratory. Of these patients, five women with postterm pregnancy were found to have oligohydramnios and no other reassuring body or limb movements, despite the finding in each case of regular, sustained fetal ...
Draper J - - 1986
This study reports the views of 132 women on filling in fetal movement charts during pregnancy. All appeared to have received an adequate explanation of how to fill in the chart. Although just over half the sample of women were reassured by filling in the chart, 23% were worried by ...
Obwegeser H L - - 1986
To analyze the profile properly, the size and position of the bases of the facial thirds must be known. In this study an average face was created by standard cephalometrics. The bases of the facial thirds were then moved in the horizontal or vertical direction, and the soft tissue profile ...
Halmesmäki E - - 1986
Fetal cardiotocography revealed no or poor variability and no reactivity to fetal movements and or external stimuli in four drunken women. This was taken as a sign of fetal hypoxia in one patient and led to emergency caesarean section although, the infant was not hypoxic. In the other three patients, ...
Arduini D - - 1986
In order to evaluate the development of fetal behavioural states a longitudinal study was performed on 35 healthy fetuses during the last trimester of pregnancy. Fetal heart rate (FHR), gross fetal body movements (FM), fetal eye movements (FEM), fetal breathing movements (FBM) and micturition were simultaneously studied at two-week intervals ...
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