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Results 301 - 350 of 459
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Lee A - - 1999
Attention to a woman's dental health can and should continue throughout pregnancy. The treating dentist must be diligent to the special situations surrounding treating the pregnant patient and the risks involved for both fetus and mother. Undertaking the proper precautions with these patients not only provides the best dental care, ...
Kovavisarach E - - 1999
A historical cohort study was used to analyse the maternal and neonatal complications among pregnant women delivered by vacuum or forceps extraction at Rajavithi Hospital, 1994. The maternal complications (third and fourth degree of perineal tear and postpartum hemorrhage) were statistically significant more often in the forceps group than in ...
Knapen M F - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathophysiologic involvement of glutathione in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia or the hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP) syndrome. METHODS: Total whole blood glutathione levels were measured by high performance liquid chromatography in 23 women with pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia or the HELLP syndrome and in ...
Gilmore J H - - 1998
The most consistent structural abnormality of the brain associated with schizophrenia is that of mild enlargement of the lateral cerebral ventricles. Mild ventriculomegaly (MVM) of the fetal brain detected in utero with ultrasound is associated with developmental delays similar to those described in children at high risk of schizophrenia. Fetal ...
Maymon E - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the importance of birth order and advanced maternal age on maternal and peripartum complications. STUDY DESIGN: The study population consisted of 12 296 multiparous women (six deliveries or more) with singleton gestation. Patients were classified into two groups according to the birth order: grand multiparous (between six ...
Iseminger K A - - 1998
This article evaluates the complicated scenario for physicians when they must advise pregnant oncology patients and their families. Included in this discussion are a review of literature that addresses both maternal and fetal rights and an analysis of metaphysical considerations unique to this situation. Additionally, there is a presentation of ...
Lewis K M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Fetal obstructive uropathies complicated by severe oligohydramnios can cause neonatal death due to renal dysplasia and pulmonary hypoplasia. CASE: A 31-year-old multigravida was referred at 19.6 weeks with sonographic evidence of fetal megacystis and bilateral hydroureteronephrosis, and severe oligohydramnios. A vesicoamniotic shunt was placed for urinary diversion. Complications included ...
Ohman A - - 1998
The pregnancy and birth records of 79 schizophrenic patients, from whom adult electrodermal data were available, were systematically evaluated for obstetric complications using 34 criteria of nonoptimality in pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum periods. Patients with many obstetric complications had lower levels of electrodermal activity. For frequency of skin conductance responses ...
Da Costa D - - 1998
This prospective study examines the influence of maternal stress, social support and lifestyle variables reported over the course of pregnancy on subsequent gestational and intrapartum complications. Demographic and biomedical factors were also studied. One hundred and two women were followed on a monthly basis beginning in the third month of ...
Heller C S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Previously, HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets) was perceived as an indication for immediate delivery. This often results in delivery of infants remote from term and with significant morbidity and mortality for both mother and neonates. While stabilization of maternal status has been reported to occur ...
Tabacova S - - 1997
Increased lipid peroxidation and reduced antioxidant activity have been reported with pregnancy complications. Given that exogenous oxidants stimulate formation of lipid peroxides, the authors investigated the relationship between exposure to nitrogen-oxidizing species and pregnancy complications and took into account markers of antioxidant and oxidant status. The study sample included pregnant ...
Scott C L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compute ratios of severe pregnancy complications (the number of hospitalizations for pregnancy complications per 100 deliveries) and to examine factors associated with their prevalence. METHODS: Using population-based California hospital discharge data to estimate hospitalization ratios of pregnancy complications during 1987-1992, we defined cases by preselected pregnancy complication codes ...
Badgett T - - 1997
Although many aspects of the use of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in pregnancy are controversial, the long-term sequelae of maternal malnutrition in fetal health are not. To avoid these complications, TPN is advocated for use in pregnancies complicated by maternal starvation. The purpose of this paper is to outline an ...
van Zwam W H - - 1997
Ileus during pregnancy is a rare complication. Malrotation in the adult is an even rarer finding. A case of a woman who developed an ileus in her seventeenth week of pregnancy is presented. At surgery the cause appeared to be a malrotation of the midgut. The incidence and causes of ...
Milberger S - - 1997
We evaluated the role of pregnancy, delivery, and infancy complications (PDICs) in the etiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and addressed issues of comorbidity and familiarity by testing multiple hypotheses. Subjects were 6-17-year-old boys with DSM-III-R ADHD (n = 140) and normal controls (n = 120) and their first-degree ...
Reedy M B - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to survey the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons (SLS) for their experience with laparoscopy during pregnancy and to develop a database on the safety and complications of laparoscopy in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A survey questionnaire was mailed to 16,329 laparoscopic surgeons from the SLS ...
Zabriskie N A - - 1996
A 71-year-old African-American man was treated with cryosurgery of the left lower lid for trichiasis. Dramatic depigmentation of the lid skin followed, including substantial pigment loss on the untreated upper lid. Pigmentation returned to nearly normal over a 9-year period. Depigmentation of the skin following cryosurgery is a well-known complication. ...
To W W - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the outcome of pregnancies complicated by kyphoscoliosis has improved with modern obstetric and orthopedic care. METHODS: A total of 17 patients with 27 pregnancies complicated by kyphoscoliosis were identified from 91,498 pregnancies between 1980 and 1994 from the obstetric audit database. Their obstetric records and associated ...
de Hullu J A - - 1996
In this report two cases of the coincidence of hyperimmunoglobulinemia D syndrome (HIDS) and pregnancy are described. HIDS is not associated with complications in pregnancy or disturbance in fetal outcome; the frequency of attacks diminishes during pregnancy; HIDS probably inherits via an autosomal recessive trait and is not transmitted to ...
Yoles A - - 1996
Reports of complications of pseudoxanthoma elasticum occurring during pregnancy have dissuaded some women with the disorder from attempting to conceive for fear of exacerbating the disease. The actual risks of serious complications during pregnancy, however, may be overstated. We report a 40-year-old woman with pseudoxanthoma elasticum who delivered a healthy ...
Nelson-Piercy C - - 1996
Obstetric physicians are physicians whose training and particular expertise lie in the care of the medical complications of pregnancy. We present an audit of the work of our bi-weekly obstetric medicine clinic at Queen Charlotte's Hospital, London, over a 10-month period from July 1994 to April 1995 inclusive, and discuss ...
Bird J S JS - - 1996
Obstetricians often seek consultative services of other specialists in the management of compromised pregnancies. However, the extent of such consultations and the contribution of these consultants have not been addressed in the literature. This study is addresses the contribution of consultants to the care of complicated pregnancies at a tertiary ...
Silverstein L H - - 1996
An oral pyogenic granuloma can develop during or just after the first trimester of pregnancy. Usually, an oral pyogenic granuloma is an early, slow-growing mass that, on excision, does not leave a large defect in the periodontium that requires surgical repair. This article presents an unusual case of a very ...
Schutte T J TJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology University of Tennessee Medical Center 1924 Alcoa Highway Box U-28 Knoxville TN 37920 United - - 1996
Pneumonia is the most common complication of varicella-zoster infection in adults and has potentially devastating effects when complicating pregnancy. Due to the significant morbidity and mortality associated with this complication during pregnancy and the small number of reported cases in the literature, we present this report to help educate physicians ...
Shovlin C L - - 1995
Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) displays significant variation in severity between affected individuals in the same family, ranging from relatively trivial epistaxis and telangiectasia to gastrointestinal, cerebral and pulmonary involvement. Evidence for successful therapy of HHT-related haemorrhage with oestrogens and progesterones, and recent case reports outlining pulmonary complications of pregnancy in ...
Goldstein D J - - 1995
Prospectively identified fluoxetine-exposed pregnancies were evaluated to determine whether fluoxetine, a serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly used for the treatment of depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder, might be associated with neonatal complications after maternal fluoxetine exposure during the third trimester through delivery. The outcomes of all prospectively identified, spontaneously reported pregnancies with ...
Weissman A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Gastric surgery for morbid obesity is considered a safe procedure with favorable effects on reproductive performance. Pregnancies after gastric restrictive operations are usually well tolerated by both mother and fetus. Some postoperative complications, however, do occur, although an association between such complications and adverse pregnancy outcomes has not been ...
Ulvik N M - - 1995
PURPOSE: We report our experience with ureteroscopy in pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1984 to 1994, 24 pregnant women with lasting symptoms of ureteral obstruction underwent diagnostic and therapeutic ureteroscopy. Most of the women were in the second or third trimester of gestation. RESULTS: A rigid ureteroscope was introduced easily ...
Greenberg L R - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Septicemia in pregnancy may take an especially fulminant course. Adult respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) are associated life-threatening complications. Treatment consists of appropriate antibiotic coverage and supportive measures. CASE: A previously healthy 21-year-old woman presented at 26 weeks' gestation with staphylococcal sepsis of undetermined origin. ...
Silver R M - - 1995
Antiplatelet autoantibodies in women with autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura can cause fetal thrombocytopenia and serious bleeding problems. Obstetricians have used fetal scalp sampling, cordocentesis, and cesarean delivery in this disorder to avoid fetal complications such as intracranial hemorrhage. Accumulating evidence indicates that the fetal risk of intracranial hemorrhage is much lower ...
Kim H C - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL), a recently developed method for controlling active variceal bleeding and eradicating esophageal varices, has similar efficacy to endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) and is known to have a minimal risk of complications and fewer complications in the lower esophagus. However, since the site of EVL is ...
Picciano L D - - 1995
This article focuses on complications in colonoscopy related to colonic insufflation. Causes of colonic insufflation complications are examined and methods that may be used to minimize complications are proposed. Testing of state-of-the-art video colonoscope systems is the basis of this analysis of insufflation complications and the resulting recommendations.
Keyser J S - - 1995
Orbital injury is one of the most serious complications in sinus surgery. Although these injuries are generally infrequent, there is a considerable increased risk for orbital complications during procedures in which anatomic landmarks are distorted because of the severity of disease or prior surgery. Currently there are no methods to ...
Vaidya M K - - 1995
Pregnancy with quadriplegia is a problem sometimes encountered in obstetric practice. The etiology of quadriplegia in the developed world is mainly spinal cord tumor or accident, while in the developing countries the main cause is tuberculosis of the spine. We report the management of two pregnant patients with quadriplegia due ...
Austin J K - - 1995
METHODS: Optic disc drusen is not an uncommon diagnosis in clinical ophthalmic practice. Although associated complications are quite rare, they may be visually devastating. Complications include optic neuropathy and hemorrhagic retinopathy. A case report of extensive optic disc drusen with associated venous stasis retinopathy is presented. RESULTS: Long-term follow up ...
Takayama N - - 1995
We present a 28-year-old pregnant woman who exhibited intolerance to lysinuric protein. However, she gave birth to a normal child without serious maternal complications. Since four of seven similar patients reported previously developed serious complications such as hemorrhage and eclampsia, patients with lysinuric protein intolerance are considered to be at ...
Arango H A - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The English literature contains infrequent reports of neuroendocrine carcinoma during pregnancy. The chemotherapy for this type of malignancy can cause severe nausea and neutropenia. We used recently developed modalities to ameliorate these side effects. CASE: A 22-year-old woman, gravida 4, para 2-0-1-2, presented at 24 weeks' gestation with a ...
Satoh M - - 1994
A 24-year-old black woman developed polymyositis with autoantibodies to threonyl-tRNA synthetase in the 2nd trimester of her 3rd pregnancy. This was complicated by fetal loss and the development of severe relapsing myositis resistant to corticosteroid and azathioprine therapy. These features were also common in other cases in the literature. Antisynthetase ...
Randi M L - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience with essential thrombocythemia complicating pregnancy. METHODS: Over a 5-year period, we studied 21 women of reproductive age affected by essential thrombocythemia. Diagnoses were based on previously published Polycythemia Vera Study Group criteria. RESULTS: Five of our 21 patients became pregnant (total six pregnancies). All pregnancies ...
Greenstein D - - 1994
Intrahepatic hemorrhage with rupture is the most serious and potentially life-threatening liver complication of pregnancy. With improved management, more patients are surviving this complication, and therefore, a number of patients are at risk of a recurrence should they again become pregnant. This case describes a patient who suffered two episodes ...
Tabacova S - - 1994
Lipid peroxides, glutathione, and metals (lead, cadmium, and arsenic) were measured in pregnant women residing in the vicinity of a copper smelter. A diagnosis of pregnancy complications experienced by each woman was made on the basis of interview and clinical record. Patients were assigned to groups of normal or pathologic ...
Rosenfield A L - - 1994
Devastating tornados struck the state of Kansas on Friday, April 26, 1991. Twenty lives were lost and many people were injured. Property damage was extensive. Overall, the outcome of those admitted to the various hospitals was good, with few orthopedic-related complications. The low complication rate can be attributed to thorough ...
Laifer S A - - 1994
A 39-year-old gravida 3, para 1102 underwent heart transplantation in 1990 for end-stage ischemic cardiomyopathy. She was immunosuppressed with FK506 and experienced no episodes of rejection or infection. She conceived in 1992 and her pregnancy was complicated by preeclampsia at 33 weeks' gestation. She delivered a 2093 g female infant ...
Schenker J G - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To review and appreciate the relevant data on assisted reproduction techniques and their potential complications. DATA RESOURCES: Major publications on assisted reproduction that include the information concerning complications associated with this practice. RESULTS: Assisted reproduction is a common practice in modern reproductive medicine. Complications are associated with ovulation induction ...
Shanley D J - - 1994
Choledochal cyst presenting during pregnancy is a rare condition, associated with potentially life-threatening complications for both the mother and developing fetus. Clinical symptoms are nonspecific, and radiographic evaluation is complicated by the presence of the gravid uterus. The authors describe a 34-year-old pregnant female presenting in the third trimester with ...
Ault K A - - 1993
This article only touches the surface of a very broad subject. As mentioned before, the microorganisms covered were chosen with the practitioner in mind. The reader will note that many of the syndromes discussed have subtle presentations with overlapping symptomatology or essentially no symptoms at all. Clinicians therefore must maintain ...
Towery R - - 1993
A retrospective review of 125 pregnant women with blunt injuries admitted to a level I trauma center over a 35-month period was performed. The usefulness of three diagnostic tests, fetal ultrasound (US), external fetal monitoring (EFM), and Kleihauer-Betke (KB) tests in detecting fetal or pregnancy-associated complications was evaluated. The majority ...
Tabacova S - - 1993
Certain complications of pregnancy, e.g., threatened spontaneous abortion, toxemia, emesis, and anemia, were studied in pregnant women living in industrial areas contaminated by smelters and the petrochemical industry. Exposure to lead or aromatic hydrocarbons was assessed in parallel by the determination of these agents or their metabolites in blood and ...
Mantello M T - - 1993
The occurrence of a neurologic event during pregnancy or the puerperium may have devastating consequences for mother and child. It is imperative that the radiologist be familiar with the entities likely to be encountered in pregnancy so that these patients can be examined rapidly and efficiently. The importance of early ...
Sykes P - - 1993
AIMS: To review the admissions to Christchurch Women's Hospital with complications of termination of pregnancy. To estimate complication rates from Christchurch institutions and compare this with the international literature. METHODS: Relevant admissions were recorded by admitting staff. The hospital notes were retrospectively analysed. The complication rates were estimated from Christchurch ...
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