Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 444
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Passamonti Francesco - - 2007
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) may occur in women of childbearing age. To investigate the risk of pregnancy complications, we studied 103 pregnancies that occurred in 62 women with ET. The 2-tailed Fisher exact test showed that pregnancy outcome was independent from that of a previous pregnancy. The rate of live birth ...
Patil S B - - 2007
Pregnancy is a physiological state accompanied by a high-energy demand and an increased oxygen requirement. Augmented levels of oxidative stress would be expected because of the increased intake and utilization of oxygen. Evidence of increased oxidative stress in normal pregnancy in comparison with nonpregnant controls was estimated by measuring Thiobarbituric ...
Touboul C - - 2007
Our aim was to assess the long-term outcomes of infants born out of a pregnancy complicated by unexplained polyhydramnios. We retrospectively analysed a cohort of 173 singleton pregnancies with polyhydramnios. There were 24 singletons with unexplained polyhydramnios, defined as polyhydramnios where prenatal testing was negative. Infants were examined by a ...
Kockova Radka - - 2007
We present two cases of successful cardioversion of atrial fibrillation using intravenous ibutilide during pregnancy. One patient had atrial fibrillation, complicating the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and the other had a history of nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. No adverse maternal or fetal effects were observed during or after pregnancy in either case.
Gentile Salvatore - - 2007
There are a growing number of concerns about the utilization of serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) in late pregnancy and the onset of perinatal complications. This review aimed to analyze and summarize the studies evaluating the risk of perinatal complications (such as low birth weight, preterm delivery, withdrawal or toxic phenomena, ...
Siddiqui Arshad - - 2007
We compared the use of one miniplate (n=36) with that of two miniplates (n=26) for the treatment of the mandibular angle in a randomised trial. There were no significant differences between the groups in total morbidity (22/36 compared with 14/26) or for individual complications. We conclude that two miniplates seem ...
Cormier Clint M - - 2006
Urolithiasis complicates up to one in every 200 pregnancies; consequently, the practicing obstetrician should be aware of the symptoms of urolithiasis, the diagnostic procedures available for its diagnosis, and their associated risks. These include ultrasound, urography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Diagnosis of urolithiasis during pregnancy can be a challenge as ...
Yap Y-S - - 2006
At our institution, a retrospective review of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) in oncology patients had previously demonstrated a complication rate of 40.7%. Since then we have implemented strategies to reduce complications including staff and patient education, insertion technique modification and PICC maintenance utilizing a PICC nurse. The objectives of ...
Fieni Stefania - - 2006
Because women with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) are especially vulnerable to thromboembolic phenomena, pregnancy is a time of increased risk for both mother and fetus. However, pregnancies in affected women are rare; only case reports and small studies have been reported so far. We present the case of a 20-year-old ...
De, Utpal
Sigmoid volvulus complicating pregnancy is an extremely rare complication with fewer than 76 cases reported in literature. We report a case of sigmoid volvulus complicating pregnancy. The sigmoid colon was resected and Hartman′s colostomy was performed. The patient had a successful recovery. Aggressive resuscitation followed by early surgical intervention should ...
Lin Ching-Ho - - 2007
This work presents the vertical distributions of ozone and meteorological parameters observed with tethered ozonesondes and meteorological radiosondes in the lower atmosphere during an ozone episode on March 25-27, 2003, in Kaohsiung City in southern Taiwan. Kaohsiung is a coastal industrial city with inland mountain ranges to the east. Extremely ...
Kumbani L C - - 2006
Pregnant women in Malawi receive information about pregnancy, labour and delivery during routine antenatal visits. This study aimed to explore knowledge of obstetric complications amongst primigravidae attending an urban health centre in Blantyre, Malawi. A descriptive study design was used. Recognition of obstetric complications in pregnancy, during labour and after ...
Brew O - - 2006
Previous literature published since 1910 on maternal blood histamine levels and complications of pregnancy have been reviewed, showing links between hyper-histaminemia occurring in specific gestational complications including preeclampsia, spontaneous abortion, preterm labour and hyperemesis gravidarum. These complications may present with symptoms similar to those of experimentally induced high blood histamine ...
Wiese Kathleen M - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Historically, the use of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) thrombolysis in pregnancy has been regarded as relatively contraindicated. Underlying this stance has been the concern over the risk of bleeding complications in both mother and child. SUMMARY OF CASE: We report the successful use of intravenous recombinant tPA ...
Balki M - - 2006
Status epilepticus after electroconvulsive therapy is a rare complication, and its occurrence during pregnancy has not been reported previously. We discuss the case of a 31-year-old primigravida at 22 weeks of gestation, with a history of bipolar disorder, who underwent electroconvulsive therapy under general anesthesia. Following three treatments she developed ...
Franchi Franca - - 2006
The -1T variant of the annexin V gene, which has been suggested to have a protective role against thrombotic disease, was evaluated in 140 women with pregnancy complications and 317 control women with uncomplicated pregnancies. The presence of the -1 CT or TT genotype did not show a protective effect ...
Tuluc Madalina - - 2006
Subarachnoid hemorrhage represents a rare event in pregnancy with a high mortality rate. We present the case of a 39-year-old pregnant woman who developed right vertebral artery dissection with subsequent massive subarachnoid hemorrhage with fatal outcome. The macroscopic and microscopic autopsy findings are described. A review of the literature with ...
Matsumoto Hiroaki - - 2006
A 43-year-old female was treated with gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) for right frontal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) manifesting as absence seizures. Complete nidus obliteration was confirmed on angiography 4 years after GKS. However, she experienced recurrence of her previous seizures and delayed hemorrhage occurred within the treated nidus, despite absence of ...
Meurman J H - - 2006
Oral health was retrospectively studied in 207 women (mean age 30 years) in the Helsinki Womens' Hospital with the hypothesis that women with pregnancy complications and/or delivery complications would present poorer dental status than women without complications. Computerized dental records of the City of Helsinki Health Department were used with ...
Menees Stacy - - 2006
Physiologic changes of pregnancy leave women at increased risk for gallstone complications. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) during pregnancy was first reported in 1990 for the treatment of complicated gallstone disease. Since then, numerous reports have shown that if certain precautionary measures are taken, therapeutic ERCP can be safely performed during ...
Blackmore Emma Robertson - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous cross-sectional studies have highlighted a number of obstetric variables that may be associated with the development of broadly defined puerperal (post-partum) psychosis. These include: (a) primiparity, (b) pregnancy complications, (c) delivery complications, (d) Caesarean section, (e) female baby and (f) shorter gestation period. AIMS: To examine these risk ...
Leung Ting-Kai - - 2005
AIM: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a process with variable involvement of regional tissues or organ systems. Multifactorial scales included the Ranson, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) systems and Balthazar computed tomography severity index (CTSI). The purpose of this review study was to assess the accuracy of CTSI, ...
Drenthen Willem - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate magnitude and determinants of risks during pregnancy in women with Mustard or Senning repair for complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Using a nationwide registry (CONCOR), 70 women with Senning (23%) or Mustard (77%) repair for TGA were enrolled. A total of 28 ...
De Utpal - - 2005
Sigmoid volvulus complicating pregnancy is an extremely rare complication with fewer than 76 cases reported in literature. We report a case of sigmoid volvulus complicating pregnancy. The sigmoid colon was resected and Hartman's colostomy was performed. The patient had a successful recovery. Aggressive resuscitation followed by early surgical intervention should ...
Brumfield Steven S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: With advances in prenatal diagnosis and surgical technique more fetal interventions are being performed. There are limited data about the etiology, incidence, management, or long-term outcomes of complications associated with these procedures. CASE: A gravida had a fetus diagnosed with posterior urethral valve syndrome. During placement of a peritoneal-amniotic ...
Tyers A G - - 2005
AIMS: To assess the efficacy and complications of eyelid margin closure with 7/0 Vicryl or Vicryl Rapide suture with a buried knot at the grey line and to compare this with standard closure using silk with an external knot. METHODS: Analysis of a prospective, non-comparative, interventional case series using 7/0 ...
Brophy Patrick D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Heparin (hepACG) and regional citrate anticoagulation (citACG) remain the most commonly reported continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) ACG methods employed. No prospective multi-centre published data exist that compare different ACG methods with respect to CRRT filter life span or patient complications. METHODS: A total of 138 patients from seven ...
Hall Lanniece F - - 2005
Obesity is dramatically increasing throughout the world and is known to be a major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality. By screening women for obesity and obesity-related complications, the obstetrician/gynecologist can help improve health outcomes for women and their infants. Many pregnancy complications have been linked to obesity ranging from ...
Kashiwagi Maki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although methadone maintenance is the standard treatment of opiate addiction in pregnancy, opinion as to its utility is divided. The aim of this study was to analyze polydrug abuse, pregnancy outcome and fetomaternal complications among pregnant women in a major Swiss methadone maintenance program. METHODS: Prospective data collection of ...
Rao G M - - 2005
It has been suggested that antioxidant systems are impaired in pregnancy induced hypertension and hence patients are exposed to oxidative stress. In order to investigate the relationship between lipid peroxidation and certain antioxidant parameters in blood of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) cases, 25 normotensive and 23 PIH samples were studied. ...
Khoo Lisanne - - 2004
Outcome of percutaneous nephrostomy creation during pregnancy was retrospectively studied. Catheter insertion was successful in all cases (N = 8; 3% of all nephrostomies over a 5-year period), with one major complication (sepsis) and three minor complications. Catheters remained in situ for a mean of 9.4 days until the stone ...
Dorr Lawrence D - - 2004
Metasul metal-on-metal articulations have been used for 15 years in approximately 300,000 total hip replacements. We have used Metasul articulations in three clinical studies and have shown clinical success as measured by Harris hip scores and patient self-assessment; we also have had the usual mechanical complications. The only complications have ...
Niittyvuopio Riitta - - 2004
In this study, the course of 40 pregnancies in 16 women with essential thrombocythaemia (ET) was analysed retrospectively. Of the pregnancies, 45% were complicated, 55% uncomplicated, and 62% resulted in live birth. The most common complication was spontaneous abortion during the first trimester seen in 33% of all pregnancies and ...
Wax Joseph R - - 2004
Cerebral abscess is an extremely rare complication of pregnancy. We report a case of a patient at 36 weeks of gestation presenting with severe headache, confusion, and seizures after starting treatment for sinusitis. Imaging revealed a left temporal lobe abscess, which was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. Neurologic deterioration in a ...
Andreasen Kirsten Riis - - 2004
BACKGROUND: As obesity is an increasing problem among fertile women, it is crucial that specialists involved in the treatment of these women be aware of the risks of complications and know how to deal with them. Complications associated with obesity in pregnancy are gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorders, and thromboembolic ...
Amaya García M - - 2004
Gestational primary hyperparathyroidism presents with features which, from a physiological and prognostic viewpoint, entail great difficulty in diagnosis and a high risk of complications. These complications occur at rates of 67% and 80% in the mother and fetus, respectively, and can be reduced by up to four times by means ...
Folk John J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the obstetric and medical complications with hyperemesis gravidarum, comparing those who were supported with total parenteral nutrition (TPN group) and those who did not receive TPN (non-TPN group). STUDY DESIGN: The medical records of women with a diagnosis of hyperemesis gravidarum (ICD-9 code 643) admitted to Crouse ...
Vanky E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Investigation of a possible effect of metformin on androgen levels in pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study was conducted. Forty pregnant women with PCOS received diet and lifestyle counselling and were randomized to either metformin 850 mg twice daily or ...
Lange Sydney S - - 2004
Myocardial infarction (MI) during pregnancy is a rare event, occurring in 1 in 10000 pregnancies. Mortality rates range from 30% to 50% depending on the maternal clinical picture. Myocardial care options and their suitability for use during pregnancy are summarized. Two case studies are presented with different clinical courses resulting ...
Simmons D C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Biliary disease in pregnancy is a relatively uncommon condition; the diagnosis of this condition is not standardized. Furthermore, the use of radiographic imaging studies and therapeutic approaches in pregnancy is limited because of the possibility of fetal exposure. STUDY DESIGN: During a 2-year interval of 2001 to 2002, we ...
Boksa Patricia - - 2004
Epidemiological studies have provided strong evidence that exposure to obstetric complications is associated with an increased risk for later development of schizophrenia. These human studies have now begun to tease out which specific pregnancy, labor/delivery or neonatal complications might confer greatest risk for schizophrenia. Animal modeling can be a useful ...
Chan Louis Yik-Si - - 2004
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) complicating pregnancy is a rare event. Reports before the mid-1980s suggested that GBS in pregnancy carries a high maternal morbidity and mortality. However, it is uncertain whether availability of active treatment such as plasmapheresis and intravenous immunoglobulin together with advancement in intensive care has improved maternal outcome. ...
Islam M Ataharul - - 2004
There is acute dearth of information regarding factors affecting complications during different stages of childbearing in Bangladesh. This study employs a multistage model that involves transitions at different stages to complications. The proposed model appears to display more meaningful explanation concerning the impact of different factors on the incidence of ...
Tuin-Batstra, Laura van der
The aim of this thesis was to study associations of perinatal conditions with cognitive and psychiatric problems in later life. Most epidemiological studies on the effects of perinatal circumstances on future (mental) health focus on specific obstetric complications – like complications during delivery, low birth weight, or maternal smoking during ...
Brooks Jeffrey J - - 2003
Carpal tunnel syndrome is an exceedingly common orthopaedic problem in the United States. When conservative management is unsuccessful, most surgeons proceed to surgical treatment. Though the carpal tunnel release procedure is usually curative, many patients experience postoperative complications, such as scar sensitivity, pillar pain, recurrent symptoms, and grip weakness, regardless ...
Michael Ong - - 2003
A 27-year-old patient in our clinic with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) has been treated with colchicine for the last decade. She is planning her first pregnancy. What recommendations should we give her regarding use of colchicine before and during pregnancy, bearing in mind that discontinuation of colchicine could lead to ...
Rao Guruprasad - - 2003
The present study demonstrates the incidence of increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation in both maternal and fetal erythrocytes as markers of oxygen radical activity in different complications of pregnancy. In fetuses born after premature rupture of membranes, lipid peroxidation was significantly elevated as indicated by increased malondialdehyde levels (p<0.05) ...
Bhugra D - - 2003
It has been shown that an excess of pregnancy and birth complications (PBCs) does not contribute to the excess rates of schizophrenia reported for the population of Caribbean origin in Britain compared with the native Caucasian British population. We therefore attempted to compare the rate of PBCs between a sample ...
Younis Johnny S - - 2003
Severe pregnancy complications, primarily severe pre-eclampsia, placental abruption, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) occur in about 1-5% of gestations. This rate is even higher in special medical situations. These pregnancy complications have been shown to increase maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality considerably. Severe pregnancy complications ...
Vidaeff Alex C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Gigantomastia is a rare and dangerous condition in pregnancy. Although improvement after delivery is likely, postpartum aggravation is possible. To date, various pharmacological approaches have been tried, with only marginal effectiveness. Surgical intervention is often necessary. CASE: A young woman presented at 32 weeks' gestation with mirror syndrome and ...
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