Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 411
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Wax Joseph R - - 2004
Cerebral abscess is an extremely rare complication of pregnancy. We report a case of a patient at 36 weeks of gestation presenting with severe headache, confusion, and seizures after starting treatment for sinusitis. Imaging revealed a left temporal lobe abscess, which was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. Neurologic deterioration in a ...
Andreasen Kirsten Riis - - 2004
BACKGROUND: As obesity is an increasing problem among fertile women, it is crucial that specialists involved in the treatment of these women be aware of the risks of complications and know how to deal with them. Complications associated with obesity in pregnancy are gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorders, and thromboembolic ...
Amaya García M - - 2004
Gestational primary hyperparathyroidism presents with features which, from a physiological and prognostic viewpoint, entail great difficulty in diagnosis and a high risk of complications. These complications occur at rates of 67% and 80% in the mother and fetus, respectively, and can be reduced by up to four times by means ...
Folk John J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the obstetric and medical complications with hyperemesis gravidarum, comparing those who were supported with total parenteral nutrition (TPN group) and those who did not receive TPN (non-TPN group). STUDY DESIGN: The medical records of women with a diagnosis of hyperemesis gravidarum (ICD-9 code 643) admitted to Crouse ...
Vanky E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Investigation of a possible effect of metformin on androgen levels in pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study was conducted. Forty pregnant women with PCOS received diet and lifestyle counselling and were randomized to either metformin 850 mg twice daily or ...
Lange Sydney S - - 2004
Myocardial infarction (MI) during pregnancy is a rare event, occurring in 1 in 10000 pregnancies. Mortality rates range from 30% to 50% depending on the maternal clinical picture. Myocardial care options and their suitability for use during pregnancy are summarized. Two case studies are presented with different clinical courses resulting ...
Simmons D C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Biliary disease in pregnancy is a relatively uncommon condition; the diagnosis of this condition is not standardized. Furthermore, the use of radiographic imaging studies and therapeutic approaches in pregnancy is limited because of the possibility of fetal exposure. STUDY DESIGN: During a 2-year interval of 2001 to 2002, we ...
Boksa Patricia - - 2004
Epidemiological studies have provided strong evidence that exposure to obstetric complications is associated with an increased risk for later development of schizophrenia. These human studies have now begun to tease out which specific pregnancy, labor/delivery or neonatal complications might confer greatest risk for schizophrenia. Animal modeling can be a useful ...
Chan Louis Yik-Si - - 2004
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) complicating pregnancy is a rare event. Reports before the mid-1980s suggested that GBS in pregnancy carries a high maternal morbidity and mortality. However, it is uncertain whether availability of active treatment such as plasmapheresis and intravenous immunoglobulin together with advancement in intensive care has improved maternal outcome. ...
Islam M Ataharul - - 2004
There is acute dearth of information regarding factors affecting complications during different stages of childbearing in Bangladesh. This study employs a multistage model that involves transitions at different stages to complications. The proposed model appears to display more meaningful explanation concerning the impact of different factors on the incidence of ...
Tuin-Batstra, Laura van der
The aim of this thesis was to study associations of perinatal conditions with cognitive and psychiatric problems in later life. Most epidemiological studies on the effects of perinatal circumstances on future (mental) health focus on specific obstetric complications – like complications during delivery, low birth weight, or maternal smoking during ...
Brooks Jeffrey J - - 2003
Carpal tunnel syndrome is an exceedingly common orthopaedic problem in the United States. When conservative management is unsuccessful, most surgeons proceed to surgical treatment. Though the carpal tunnel release procedure is usually curative, many patients experience postoperative complications, such as scar sensitivity, pillar pain, recurrent symptoms, and grip weakness, regardless ...
Michael Ong - - 2003
A 27-year-old patient in our clinic with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) has been treated with colchicine for the last decade. She is planning her first pregnancy. What recommendations should we give her regarding use of colchicine before and during pregnancy, bearing in mind that discontinuation of colchicine could lead to ...
Rao Guruprasad - - 2003
The present study demonstrates the incidence of increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation in both maternal and fetal erythrocytes as markers of oxygen radical activity in different complications of pregnancy. In fetuses born after premature rupture of membranes, lipid peroxidation was significantly elevated as indicated by increased malondialdehyde levels (p<0.05) ...
Bhugra D - - 2003
It has been shown that an excess of pregnancy and birth complications (PBCs) does not contribute to the excess rates of schizophrenia reported for the population of Caribbean origin in Britain compared with the native Caucasian British population. We therefore attempted to compare the rate of PBCs between a sample ...
Younis Johnny S - - 2003
Severe pregnancy complications, primarily severe pre-eclampsia, placental abruption, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) occur in about 1-5% of gestations. This rate is even higher in special medical situations. These pregnancy complications have been shown to increase maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality considerably. Severe pregnancy complications ...
Vidaeff Alex C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Gigantomastia is a rare and dangerous condition in pregnancy. Although improvement after delivery is likely, postpartum aggravation is possible. To date, various pharmacological approaches have been tried, with only marginal effectiveness. Surgical intervention is often necessary. CASE: A young woman presented at 32 weeks' gestation with mirror syndrome and ...
Campuzano Katie - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Infectious endocarditis is a rare life-threatening complication of pregnancy. We report a pregnancy complicated by a 3.5-cm infected vegetation of the tricuspid valve initially presenting as unilateral hip pain as well as systematic review of this entity. SOURCES: A MEDLINE review of the English language literature from 1965 to ...
Carbone D J DJ - - 2003
It is commonly assumed that the complication rate of microsurgical varicocele repair is lower than that of nonmicrosurgical techniques, particularly since magnification allows for preservation of lymphatic vessels and, thus, a theoretically lower incidence of hydrocele. However, review of the literature reveals relatively few papers on this subject. The authors ...
Goldberger Marianne - - 2003
The role of the psychoanalytic supervisor is complicated when the psychoanalytic candidate is pregnant. Pregnancy is a special event that brings a unique set of opportunities, as well as problems, into the analysis, though in the past, it was usually regarded only as an impediment. The goal of this paper ...
Land J A - - 2003
Assisted reproduction technique (ART) is an efficacious treatment in subfertile couples. So far little attention has been paid to the safety of ART, i.e. to its adverse events and complications. The consensus meeting on Risks and Complications in ART held in Maastricht in May 2002 focused on four topics: multiple ...
Chedraui Peter A - - 2003
Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy is a frequent cause of hematological consultation. Autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura results from platelet destruction due to autoantibodies. Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage is a rare but devastating complication of these patients. We present a fatal case of intracranial hemorrhage in a 18 week pregnant woman diagnosed with autoimmune thrombocytopenia. ...
Kaul P P - - 2002
Transient complications of pregnancy (anemia, toxemia, proteinuria, arterial hypertension and hyperemesis) were studied in pregnant women from the general population reporting to local hospitals. Comparison of blood lead levels (PbB) was made between women with normal pregnancies and those with complications. Significantly higher PbB were found in women with pregnancy ...
Gossard Andrea A - - 2002
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic syndrome that is characterized by fibrosing inflammatory destruction of intra- and/or extrahepatic biliary ducts. The etiology is unknown and there is no known effective treatment. The course of PSC is quite variable; however, the disease is typically slowly progressive. There is little ...
Sukhikh G T - - 2002
Here we review modern concept of the role of phagocytes, the key cell component of natural immunity, in the course of pregnancy and in the pathogenesis of its complications. Phagocytes contribute to the development, maintenance, and favorable outcome of pregnancy. These cells play a role in the pathogenesis of various ...
Kumbani L - - 2002
An informed individual is better placed to make reasonable decisions. It is therefore of vital importance that women be knowledgeable about obstetric complications to enable them to respond appropriately to complications that may arise. This study aimed to explore primigravidae's knowledge of obstetric complications. A descriptive study design was used ...
Liang Shan-Guang - - 2002
A patient was diagnosed with pneumomediastinum caused by an esophageal rupture during hyperemesis gravidarum. The woman, at 15 weeks' gestation, presented with hyperemesis gravidarum complicated by an episode of chest pain and disturbance of consciousness. Radiological examination revealed pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema. They are normally caused by either pulmonary or ...
Weimer Louis H - - 2002
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a frequent and underdiagnosed complication of pregnancy. Conservative therapies are common initial measures, but data on the course of improvement are limited. We report a case of pregnancy-associated CTS with unusually detailed serial electrophysiologic studies before and after wrist splinting. Physiologic measures reached a nadir ...
Athanasiou Thanos - - 2002
The incidence of re-operative median sternotomy is rising. During resternotomy, catastrophic haemorrhage remains a dreaded complication. We describe our approach and experience with the combined use of Mayfield resternotomy retractor and anterior sternal retraction which allows division of adhesions between the sternum and mediastinal structures under direct vision with endoscopic ...
Vantroyen B - - 2002
It is advisable to treat essential thrombocythemia (ET) during pregnancy, because elevated platelet counts can lead to maternal and fetal complications. In order to establish which therapy is more favorable, we undertook a review of the literature. In addition to our own case, we found 27 reports which described 75 ...
Hanel Ricardo A - - 2002
Intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage account for almost 20% of all stroke cases. Both forms of stroke are associated with a high morbidity and mortality rate. The incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage increases with the age and certain ethnical groups are more affected. Subarachnoid hemorrhage tends to occur in a much ...
Habek Dubravko - - 2002
Shoulder dystocia is an unpredictable obstetric complication with the incidence of 0.15% to 2%. An increase in the incidence of shoulder dystocia has been recorded over the last 20 years, probably just because it has now been regularly registered at maternity wards as an obstetric complication. The risk factors for ...
Tjalma W A A - - 2002
A case of a 23-year-old woman, with an uncomplicated term pregnancy, who developed subcutaneous emphysema 12 hours after the delivery on a specially designed chair is reported. Subcutaneous emphysema is an uncommon delivery complication, with a favourable outcome. The pathophysiology and treatment modalities of this rare phenomenon are discussed.
Quintero R A - - 2001
Fetal bladder-outlet obstruction by ureteroceles is usually treated at birth. However, such obstruction may be detrimental to the health of the fetus and so in-utero correction is preferable. We describe the successful cytoscopy guided laser incision, with no complications, of a uterocele that was causing bladder-outlet obstruction in a fetus ...
Hartanto V H - - 2001
Jackson-Pratt (JP) drains are commonly used after urologic surgery. One of the complications associated with the use of JP drains occurs when the drain breaks, leaving the distal fenestrated part at the time of attempted removal. We describe the endoscopic retrieval of a retained JP drain, which was safely performed ...
Matern D - - 2001
By postmortem biochemical and molecular genetic analyses, an 8-month-old infant was diagnosed with long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency, an inborn error of mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation. He was born following a pregnancy complicated by a maternal floor infarction of the placenta, a disorder of unknown etiology. We speculate that the ...
Iqbal N - - 2001
Nephrolithiasis secondary to primary hyperparathyroidism infrequently complicates pregnancy. It can cause severe maternal and fetal complications. We present a case of a pregnant woman with nephrolithiasis and primary hyperparathyroidism. We reviewed the management of nephrolithiasis due to primary hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy. We believe that early recognition and timely intervention can ...
Tsai H Y - - 2001
A very low-birth-weight neonate developed chylus-like urine after receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) via percutaneous central venous catheters (CVC) for 7 weeks. A perirenal fluid collection could be seen under sonography. This kind of complication has not been described in literature. After withdrawing the CVC for 5 cm, the urine cleared ...
Lynch C M - - 2001
Incontinence surgery is rarely performed prior to the completion of a woman's childbearing. The literature is sparse in regard to women with prior incontinence surgery. There are no reports of pregnancy complicated by a sling procedure. A 26-year-old gravida 3, para 2-0-0-2 with prior surgical history of a Pereyra urethropexy ...
Loverro G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of cesarean section (CS) related maternal complications and to evaluate post-CS complications in relationship with relative risk factors. METHOD: 3010 patients who had a CS in the University Hospital of Bari during the period 1988-98 were retrospectively included into the study and 1007 women delivered ...
Sherer D M - - 2001
Volvulus is an uncommon cause of bowel obstruction during pregnancy. We present an unusual case in which cesarean delivery at 26 weeks of gestation was complicated by volvulus of the small bowel 1 week following delivery. At laparotomy, detorsion of the loop of the terminal ileum sufficed, and bowel resection ...
Tefferi A - - 2000
Polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia pose specific management issues that distinguish them from other chronic myeloproliferative disorders. They are associated with a better prognosis, as well as a variable risk of thrombohemorrhagic complications. In addition, essential thrombocythemia occurs comparatively more often in young people and women. Treatment strategies for patients ...
Abe T - - 2000
We describe a 24-year-old pregnant woman complicated by cyclic neutropenia (CN), who was successfully treated with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). Her white blood cell (WBC) and neutrophil count fluctuated from 2,600 to 4,600/microl, and 26 to 2,530/microl, respectively. The peak neutrophil count gradually decreased as pregnancy advanced, resulting in the ...
Kendell R E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Most previous case-control studies of obstetric complications in schizophrenia have been small scale and many have relied on retrospective information. AIMS: To determine which obstetric complications are more common in probands with schizophrenia than matched controls. METHOD: Two hundred and ninety-six probands with an in-patient diagnosis of schizophrenia who ...
Ueda N - - 2000
PURPOSE: To determine parameters for the efficacy of transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (TSCPC) using a diode laser. METHODS: We performed TSCPC on 74 pigmented rabbits with different exposure powers and varying number of applications, followed by clinical observation and histological examination up to 24 weeks. RESULTS: Based on observation of the clinical ...
Irwin B H - - 2000
The intrauterine surgical placement of vesicoamniotic shunts in the treatment of fetal obstructive uropathy associated with prune-belly syndrome to avoid such complications as renal damage and oligohydramnios remains controversial. We present a case of an infant born with prune-belly syndrome at 33 weeks and 5 days of estimated gestational age ...
Li I C - - 2000
Bartter's syndrome is a rare renal tubular disorder, involving juxtaglomerular cells hyperplasia, characterized by normotensive hyper-reninism and secondary hyperaldosteronism, marked renal loss of potassium and profound hypokalaemia. Both clinical and biochemical features are heterogeneous, ranging from the incidental finding in an asymptomatic patient to marked clinical features of hypokalaemia. Inheritance ...
Carpenter M W - - 2000
The incidence of prenatal and intrapartum complications was examined among 33 pregnancies complicated by lethal fetal renal abnormalities (cases) and compared to 200 contemporaneous control pregnancies (controls) by retrospective record review. Cases experienced higher rates of antepartum bleeding (29% vs. 6%, p<0.0001) stillbirth (15% vs. 0%, p<0.0001), preterm birth (34.3+/-4.1 ...
Lin C C - - 2000
Primary hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy results in a high rate of fetal complications and maternal morbidity. Maternal hypercalcemia in pregnancy results in fetal hypercalcemia, which leads to suppression of fetal parathyroid function. Spontaneous abortion and stillbirth can occur, and the loss of maternal calcium after birth leads to neonatal hypocalcemia. It ...
Cincotta R - - 2000
Essential thrombocythaemia is a rare myeloproliferative disorder that often presents with haemorrhagic or thrombotic complications. It may be detected incidentally in an asymptomatic younger adult and there are only a few case reports of essential thrombocythaemia in pregnant women. The risks posed by essential thrombocythaemia during pregnancy and its optimal ...
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