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Thomas Melanie M Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prepregnancy body mass index and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) are associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes. Because stress contributes to obesity and eating behaviors, stress reduction interventions during pregnancy may be a novel way to influence GWG, positively affect maternal and infant outcomes, and address the obesity epidemic ...
Kikon Mhonchan M Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
Cardiac diseases occur in 2-4% of pregnancies and rheumatic mitral disease is the most common acquired heart disease in pregnancy. Cardiac surgery carries significant maternal and fetal complications. Cardiac operation during pregnancy is indicated only when medical management fails. Although emergency cardiac surgery during pregnancy increases fetal mortality, sometime urgent ...
Shishehgar Sara S Centre for Cardiovascular & Chronic Care, Faculty of Health, UTS, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Stress during pregnancy can result in critical negative outcomes on the mother, the fetus, the newborn, the child and even the adolescent. Quality of life has been recognized as a predictor of stress amongst pregnant women. The first aim of this study was to investigate the role of quality of ...
Shishehgar Sara S Centre for Cardiovascular & Chronic Care, Faculty of Health, UTS, Australia. - - 2014
Stress during pregnancy can have serious adverse outcomes on the mother, the fetus, newborn, children and even adolescents. Socioeconomic status has been recognized as a predictor of stress amongst pregnant women. The first aim of this study was to investigate the role of socioeconomic status in pregnancy stress rates. The ...
Graignic-Philippe R R Pôle Hospitalo-Universitaire de Psychiatrie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent de Rennes, Université de Rennes 1 et Centre Hospitalier Guillaume Régnier, Rennes, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many studies have examined effects of prenatal stress on pregnancy and fetal development, especially on prematurity and birthweight, and more recently long-term effects on child behavioral and emotional development. These studies are reviewed and their limitations are discussed with regard to definitions (including the concepts of stress and anxiety), stress ...
Amaliev Georgi I - - 2014
Twin-reversed arterial perfusion sequence is a rare complication of monochorionic twin pregnancy in which an anomalous acardiac fetus is hemodynamically dependent on its structurally normal "pump" twin. Early diagnosis is essential for improving perinatal prognosis for the normal twin. In this case report we present a case of TRAP sequence ...
Gervaso Francesca F Laboratory of Biological Structure Mechanics, Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering "Giulio Natta", Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The umbilical cord is a conduit between the developing foetus and the placenta. In physiological conditions it contains two arteries and one vein immersed in a mucoid tissue called Wharton׳s jelly. Although the extreme importance of such a structure is fully recognized, the umbilical cord and its components have been ...
Whisner Corrie M CM Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, - - 2014
Few studies have examined the effect of maternal calcium intake and vitamin D status on bone health across gestation in pregnant adolescents. This study aimed to characterize maternal bone quality and determinants of bone quality change across gestation in pregnant adolescents. Healthy pregnant adolescents (n = 156; aged 13-18 y) with singleton ...
Malti N N Laboratory of Physiology, Physiopathology and Biochemistry of Nutrition, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, Earth and Universe, University ABOU-BEKR BELKAÏD, Tlemcen 13000, - - 2014
To determine oxidative stress markers in maternal obesity during pregnancy and to evaluate feto-placental unit interaction, especially predictors of fetal metabolic alterations. 40 obese pregnant women (prepregnancy BMI > 30 kg/m²) were compared to 50 control pregnant women. Maternal, cord blood and placenta samples were collected at delivery. Biochemical parameters (total cholesterol and ...
Thayer Zaneta M ZM Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado, - - 2014
Maternal hypothalamic pituitary adrenal-axis function regulates production of the stress hormone cortisol, which during pregnancy can cross the placenta and have lasting impacts on fetal growth and development. This article provides a preliminary test of the hypothesis that a woman's socioeconomic status (SES) predicts her cortisol during pregnancy and her ...
Young Bridget E BE *Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to identify determinants of placental vitamin D receptor (VDR) expression and placental calcium (Ca) transfer among pregnant adolescents. Placental tissue was obtained in 94 adolescents (≤18 yr) at term. In 12 of these teens, stable Ca isotopes were given intravenously ((42)Ca) and orally ((44)Ca) ...
Mano Yukio Y Departments of Pathology and Biological Responses; Gynecology and - - 2014
Molecular hydrogen (H2) scavenges hydroxyl radicals. Recently, H2 has been reported to prevent a variety of diseases associated with oxidative stress in model systems and in humans. Here, we studied the effects of H2 on rat fetal hippocampal damage by ischemia and reperfusion (IR) on day 16 of pregnancy with ...
Vidal Zendy Evelyn Olivo ZE Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana, Avenida Luís Castelazo Ayala S/N, Col. Industrial Ánimas, Xalapa, Veracruz, - - 2014
Iodine is an essential element trace for the synthesis of maternal thyroid hormones needed to support normal fetal development; it also acts as an antioxidant directly or induce antioxidant enzymes indirectly. Iodine deficiency and oxidative stress are associated with pregnancy complications. This study aimed to assess the urinary iodine concentration ...
Feola Andrew A Cluster Organ Systems, Department Development and Regeneration, Faculty of Medicine, KU Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
The vagina and surrounding structures have been shown to remodel during pregnancy. Our objective was to characterize the biomechanical properties of the vagina in the rodent model in vivo utilizing three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound. The vagina was visualized by ultrasound after distention by increasing pressures throughout pregnancy (15 and 18 days) and ...
Cole-Lewis Heather J - - 2014
Objective: There is evidence that pregnancy-specific stress is associated with preterm birth. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between change in pregnancy-specific stress over the course of pregnancy and birth outcomes (i.e., preterm birth and gestational age) in an understudied but vulnerable group using a theoretically ...
Redman C W CW The John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Incomplete spiral artery remodelling is the first of two stages of pre-eclampsia, typically of early onset. The second stage comprises dysregulated uteroplacental perfusion and placental oxidative stress. Oxidatively stressed syncytiotrophoblast (STB) over-secretes proteins that perturb maternal angiogenic balance and are considered to be pre-eclampsia biomarkers. We propose that, in addition ...
Cotechini Tiziana T Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L - - 2014
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and preeclampsia (PE) are often associated with abnormal maternal inflammation, deficient spiral artery (SA) remodeling, and altered uteroplacental perfusion. Here, we provide evidence of a novel mechanistic link between abnormal maternal inflammation and the development of FGR with features of PE. Using a model in which ...
Yoshida Kyoko - - 2014
The remodeling of the cervix from a rigid barrier into a compliant structure, which dilates to allow for delivery, is a critical process for a successful pregnancy. Changes in the mechanical properties of cervical tissue during remodeling are hypothesized to be related to the types of collagen crosslinks within the ...
Leuner Benedetta B Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
Postpartum depression, which affects approximately 15% of new mothers, is associated with impaired mother-infant interactions and deficits in cognitive function. Exposure to stress during pregnancy is a major risk factor for postpartum depression. However, little is known about the neural consequences of gestational stress. The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is ...
Singh Sarika S Department of Pathology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, DL 110001, - - 2014
Gestational trophoblastic diseases (GTD) are a heterogenous group of disorders that arise from trophoblastic epithelium. They can follow molar pregnancy (50%), abortions (25%), normal pregnancy (22.5%), and ectopic pregnancy (2.5%) [Robert JK, Lora HE, Brigitte MR (ed) Blaustein Pathology of the Female Genital Tract 6th edn (Springer) pp. 1101-7]. Occurrence ...
Daniel Nnadi N Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Usmanu Dan-Fodio University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), PMB 2370, Sokoto, - - 2014
This is a report on a 72-year-old postmenopausal woman who presented with passage of fetal bones through an umbilical fistula. She was diagnosed as a case of demised abdominal pregnancy, which had been retained for 26 years. She subsequently had exploratory laparotomy, evacuation of the abdominal pregnancy, hysterectomy, and bowel ...
Gupta Meena M Department of Neurology, GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
Vertebral hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors of the spine that remain asymptomatic in most cases and incidentally encountered on imaging. Rarely, altered hemodynamic and hormonal changes during pregnancy may expand these benign lesions resulting in severe cord compression. The management of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma during pregnancy is controversial as modalities ...
Rudov Alexander A Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino, Via Saffi 2, 61029 Urbino, - - 2014
Oxidative stress (OS) is known to be strongly involved in a large number of fetal, neonatal, and adult diseases, including placental disorders, leading to pregnancy loss and stillbirths. A growing body of research links OS to preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, spontaneous abortion, recurrent pregnancy, preterm labor, and intrauterine growth restriction. ...
Stone William L WL Department of Pediatrics, James H Quillen College of Medicine, Johnson City, TN 37614 - - 2014
This article focuses on a systems biology approach to studying the pathophysiology of cigarette smoking during pregnancy. Particular emphasis is given to the damaging role of oxidative stress. Cigarette smoking exerts multiple adverse affects but abundant evidence, mostly in adults, suggests that oxidative stress and free radical damage is a ...
Mparmpakas D D Biosciences, Centre for Cell and Chromosome Biology, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UB8 3PH, - - 2014
Pregnancy-specific stress predicts birth outcomes. We hypothesized that there is a maternal stress-GR interaction that can influence fetal birth weight. This study examined the relationship between mothers' stress and attitude towards their pregnancies, placental glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) and growth arrest-specific transcript 5 (GAS5) expression, and the status of GR polymorphism, ...
Ishii Takamasa T Department of Molecular Life Science, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193, - - 2014
Historical data in the 1950s suggests that 7%, 11%, 33%, and 87% of couples were infertile by ages 30, 35, 40 and 45, respectively. Up to 22.3% of infertile couples have unexplained infertility. Oxidative stress is associated with male and female infertility. However, there is insufficient evidence relating to the ...
Herrera Emilio A EA Laboratorio de Función y Reactividad Vascular, Programa de Fisiopatología, Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile Santiago, Chile ; International Center for Andean Studies, Universidad de Chile Santiago, - - 2014
The placenta is the exchange organ that regulates metabolic processes between the mother and her developing fetus. The adequate function of this organ is clearly vital for a physiologic gestational process and a healthy baby as final outcome. The umbilico-placental vasculature has the capacity to respond to variations in the ...
Matsuzaki Masayo M Department of Midwifery and Women's Health, Division of Health Sciences & Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of - - 2014
Oxidative stress plays a major pathological role in pregnancy-related complications. Although oxidative stress is induced by exogenous toxins in association with a poor lifestyle in normal subjects, there is little information on the factors altering oxidative stress and antioxidant levels during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Pajand Peyman P Azad Islamic University-Damghan Branch, Damghan, - - 2014
Stress induces many homeostatic aberrations which are followed by lifelong allostatic responses. Epilepsy is developed or influenced by different environmental factors, i.e. prenatal stress which makes many contradictory developmental changes in seizure threshold and intensity. We investigated the potential seizure response of the rat offspring to prenatal stress; the stress ...
Wong Tze Fang TF International Goodwill Hospital, Yokohama, - - 2014
A 31-year-old primigravida at 35 weeks of gestation with twins who had no prior abdominal surgical history presented with worsening nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Initial screening ruled out obstetrical causes that may threaten the pregnancy. Twelve hours after the onset of symptoms, a transabdominal ultrasound revealed abdominal free fluid. A ...
Has Recep R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, - - 2014
To report our experience in selective termination of monochorionic twin pregnancies with bipolar cord coagulation and to analyze the pregnancy outcomes and complications based on the indication of the procedure. This is a retrospective study of 71 complicated monochorionic pregnancies treated with bipolar cord coagulation between August 2006 and March ...
Antoniou Evangelia E EE Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The - - 2014
To estimate the heritability of child behaviour problems and investigate the association between maternal pre-pregnancy overweight and child behaviour problems in a genetically sensitive design. Observational cross-sectional study. The Twins and Multiple Births Association Heritability Study (TAMBAHS) is an online UK-wide volunteer-based study investigating the development of twins from birth ...
Umazume Takeshi T Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, - - 2014
A 27-year-old nulliparous Japanese woman with twin pregnancy developed preeclampsia at gestational week (GW) 26. Cardiac function was checked regularly as women carrying twins with preeclampsia are expected to have increased risk of peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). Although conventional parameters including blood pressure, proteinuria, platelet count and liver function did not ...
Singh V - - 2014
About 1% of all pregnancies are complicated by maternal cardiac diseases. Among the various cardiac pathologies complicating pregnancy, arrhythmias are the most common. Most of them are diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy. Tachyarrhythmias are the commonest form of arrhythmias reported during pregnancy. Risk factors for this are the ...
Hildingsson Ingegerd I Mid Sweden University, Department of Nursing, Holmgatan 10, SE-85170 Sundsvall, Sweden; Uppsala University, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2013
to compare self-rated health and perceived difficulties during pregnancy as well as antenatal attendance, birth experience and parental stress in fathers with and without childbirth related fear. a longitudinal regional survey. Data were collected by three questionnaires. three hospitals in the middle-north part of Sweden. 1047 expectant fathers recruited in ...
Loy See-Ling SL a Nutrition Program, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia , Kelantan , - - 2013
Abstract This study aimed to examine the associations among prenatal nicotine exposure, oxidative stress and postpartum visceral fat among women exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS). The study was conducted in Kelantan, Malaysia, from April 2010 to December 2012. Blood samples were collected in the second and third trimesters from 135 ...
Yiyenoğlu Ozgür Bilgin - - 2013
To determine the levels of oxidative stress markers in recurrent pregnancy loss using a novel automated method. 30 pregnant women in their first trimester with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) and 30 healthy pregnant women were enrolled in this prospective controlled study. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant ...
Negi Reena R Department of Biophysics, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, - - 2014
Pre-eclampsia is a devastating multi system syndrome and a major cause of maternal, fetal, neonatal morbidity and mortality. Pre-eclampsia is associated with oxidative stress in the maternal circulation. To have an insight on the effect of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia on the neonates, the study was made to explore the oxidative status by ...
Liou Shwu-Ru SR School of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi Campus, - - 2013
to understand the trends in, and relationships between, maternal stress, depressive symptoms and anxiety in pregnancy and post partum. a prospective longitudinal survey study was undertaken to explore maternal psychological distress throughout the perinatal period. The participants were recruited after 24 completed weeks of gestation, and were followed-up monthly until ...
Rudzik Alanna E F - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between self-reported stress levels among new mothers in São Paulo, Brazil and two biomarkers of stressful experience, oxytocin (OT) and Epstein-Barr Virus antibody level (EBV-ab), with planned pregnancy hypothesized as a moderator of biological response to stressful conditions. Sixty-three first-time ...
Dorrington Sarah - - 2013
International studies indicate that the median prevalence of psychotic experiences in children is 7%. It has been proposed that environmental stress during pregnancy may affect the neurodevelopment of the foetus and lead to a vulnerability in the child to later stressors and psychopathology. In this study we explore the relationship ...
Korkmaz Vakkas - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Iron supplementation was found to be a cause of oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to compare oxidative stress in pregnancies with and without iron supplementation in the first trimester pregnancies. Methods: One hundred and eight women in the first trimester of normal pregnancies were randomly ...
Hall Kelli Stidham KS Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Institute for Social Research, Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, L4000 Women's Hospital, 1500 East Medical Center Dr., Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Depression and stress have been linked with poor contraceptive behavior, but whether existing mental health symptoms influence women's subsequent risk of unintended pregnancy is unclear. We prospectively examined the effect of depression and stress symptoms on young women's pregnancy risk over one year. We used panel data from a longitudinal ...
Shapiro Gabriel D - - 2013
Abstract Aims: Psychosocial stress during pregnancy (PSP) is a risk factor of growing interest in the etiology of preterm birth (PTB). This literature review assesses the published evidence concerning the association between PSP and PTB, highlighting established and hypothesized physiological pathways mediating this association. Method: The PubMed and Web of ...
Lee Seok Hong SH Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, - - 2013
Pregnancy-induced osteoporosis is a rare disorder characterized by fragility fracture and low bone mineral density (BMD) during or shortly after pregnancy, and its etiology is still unclear. We experienced a case of a 39-year-old woman who suffered from lumbago 3 months after delivery. Biochemical evidence of increased bone resorption is ...
Coughlan Carol - - 2013
To determine whether women with recurrent implantation failure (RIF) after in vitro fertilization (IVF), similar to women with recurrent pregnancy loss, have significantly higher stress levels than women without reproductive failure, and to compare stress levels between women with RIF and women with recurrent pregnancy loss. In a questionnaire-based study ...
Mazza Edoardo - - 2013
Measuring the stiffness of the cervix might be useful in the prediction of preterm delivery or successful induction of labour. For that purpose a variety of methods for quantitative determination of physical properties of the pregnant cervix have been developed. Herein we review studies on the clinical application of these ...
Santhosh M C B MC Department of Anaesthesiology, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Inferior venacaval compression is a common problem in late pregnancy. It can also occur due to compression of inferior venacava by abdominal or pelvic tumors. We report a case of acute iatrogenic inferior venacaval compression due to excessive abdominal packing during an intraabdominal surgery.
Bolten Margarete - - 2013
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activation during pregnancy is linked to dysfunctional behavioral outcomes in the offspring. According to Belsky's differential susceptibility hypothesis, individuals vary regarding their developmental plasticity. Translating the differential susceptibility hypothesis to the field of fetal programming, we hypothesize that infants' temperament, as the constitutionally based reactivity to stimulation, moderates ...
Bennett Greer A - - 2013
Background: Maternal psychosocial stress during pregnancy is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes. These outcomes result from changes in fetal brain development and lead to disrupted cognitive, behavioural and emotional development. The neurosteroid allopregnanolone has been shown to reduce neural excitability and aid in protecting the fetal brain from excitotoxic insults. ...
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