Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1198
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Dschietzig T - - 2003
The peptide relaxin has long been regarded as an important hormone of pregnancy, contributing to changes in connective tissue composition as well as to regulation of implantation, myometrial activity and labor. On the other hand, the astonishing pleiotropy of this hormone escaped scientific awareness. This review focuses on new facets ...
Misra A K - - 2003
Early return-to-estrus after embryo collection would shorten the interval between consecutive superovulations and improve efficiency of embryo production. Following superovulation and embryo collection, 80 buffaloes were treated with 15.0mg Luprostiol (PGF2alpha analogue) for the induction of luteolysis and early return-to-estrus. A total of 67.5% donor animals returned to estrus, on ...
Al-Gubory K H - - 2003
Pulsatile LH secretion and its control throughout pregnancy have not been fully determined in sheep. Expt 1 determined the patterns of LH secretion in five ewes on days 10, 20, 60 and 120 of pregnancy and on day 10 postpartum, compared with those on day 10 of the oestrous cycle. ...
Burden Hubert W - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Rats exposed to microgravity during the post-implantation phase of pregnancy had minimal alterations in ovarian and hypophyseal parameters during the antepartum and postpartum periods. In the current study, a similar parallel experimental design was employed to ascertain the effects of hypergravity on ovarian and hypophyseal function. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized ...
Wadia Perinaaz - - 2003
The follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) binding inhibitor (FSHBI) has been identified as one of the factors present in follicular fluid exerting autocrine/paracrine effects on FSH actions in the ovary. Our group has isolated FSHBI from human ovarian follicular fluid and deduced its partial amino acid sequence from the N-terminal region. A ...
Kauffman A S - - 2003
Siberian hamsters maintained from birth in a short day length (DL), unlike their long-day counterparts, fail to undergo reproductive development by 5 weeks of age. Instead, reproductive maturation of short-day males is delayed for approximately 20 weeks, at which point neuroendocrine refractoriness to the inhibitory effects of short DLs develops, ...
Ferrell A D - - 2003
The non-invasive type of implantation in the pig is characterized by the maintenance of a thick glycocalyx coating on the uterine epithelial surface microvilli. Present study investigated the alteration in the sialomucin complex (Muc4) expression during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy in the pig. Endometrial tissue samples were immunostained ...
van der Lende T - - 2003
The objective of this study was to investigate the timing of foetal mortality in gilts of a segregating F2 cross of Large White and Meishan pigs on the basis of the length distribution of mummified foetuses and the frequency of non-fresh stillborn piglets in order to establish whether critical periods ...
Kaeoket K - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of leukocytes in the sow endometrium following insemination and during early pregnancy. Cross-bred multiparous sows (Swedish Landrace x Swedish Yorkshire) were artificially inseminated (AI) once at 20-15 h before ovulation. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein 1 h ...
Virolainen J V - - 2003
The aims of the present study were: (1) to determine the duration of suppression of luteinising hormone (LH) following a single treatment with a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist (BIM-21009; Biomeasure) at a dose of 100 microg kg(-1); (2) to block LH pulses only for certain days of pregnancy; and (3) ...
Stanfield K M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase (COX) catalyzes the committed step in prostaglandin biosynthesis and exists as two related but unique isoforms, COX-1 (constitutive) and COX-2 (inducible). Prostaglandins (PGs) are known to have many important functions in reproduction, such as placentation and decidualization. Studies with the COX-1 and COX-2 knockout mice have demonstrated that ...
Torrella F - - 2003
The survival of bacterial and viral pollution indicators and Salmonella in urban wastewaters under freezing conditions (-14 degrees C for up to 60 days) is reported. Presumptive, total and faecal coliforms (PC, TC, FC), salmonellae and coliphages were tested. The dynamics of somatic coliphage (E. coli C) and F-pili specific ...
Pate J L - - 2003
This review focuses on factors that may affect the sensitivity of the corpus luteum to uterine prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) and embryonic signals. The heterogeneity of the types of cell that are present within the corpus luteum results in complex interactions that ensure complete luteal regression in response to PGF2alpha. There ...
Seier J V - - 2002
The expression of endometrial beta3 integrin and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) was studied in cycling and pregnant vervet monkeys. There were clear changes of beta3 integrin expression during the menstrual cycle, with the strongest immunostaining observed on day 26. Moderate to strong expression was observed during pregnancy. The ...
Li Qing-Lei - - 2002
Extensive tissue remodeling occurs in the corpus luteum (CL) during both formation and luteolysis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) are believed to play pivotal roles in these processes. In the present study, to evaluate the potential roles of matrix degrading proteases in luteal development and regression, we ...
Nishigai M - - 2002
Japanese Black primiparous and multiparous beef cows (n = 120) were selected as recipients and randomly divided into three groups (A, B, and C) of 40 recipients each. Group A received an intramuscular (i.m.) treatment of 1500 IU human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on day 1 (day 0 = onset of ...
Ni Hua - - 2002
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is essential for implantation of mouse embryos. The aim of this study was to assess the expression and regulation of LIF receptor (LIFR) and gp130 mRNA in mouse uterus during early pregnancy using in situ hybridization and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). A strong level of ...
Groothuis P G - - 2002
Secretion into the uterine lumen follows a precise pattern during early pregnancy. Near the end of the second week of pregnancy and coincident with elongation of conceptuses, retinol, retinol binding protein (RBP), estradiol (E2), and prostaglandins E (PGE) and F (PGF) increase in the uterine lumen, and RBP mRNA increases ...
Rowe Amanda J - - 2002
This study investigated vascular and molecular changes in the corpus luteum (CL) of early pregnancy in the marmoset. Ovaries were studied on Days 21 (n = 6) and 28 (n = 6) of pregnancy and compared with corpora lutea from Day 21 (late luteal) of the nonconception cycle (n = ...
Nakata Masahiko - - 2002
Nitric oxide (NO) plays important roles in the regulation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the perinatal period. The present study was undertaken to investigate the influence of intrauterine ischemia-hypoxia (IH) on the expression of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in fetal brains in rats. To induce intrauterine IH insult, bilateral ...
Renegar Randall H - - 2002
A homologous hamster relaxin RIA was developed to evaluate plasma and tissue concentrations of relaxin in the latter half of pregnancy in this species. Relaxin protein and mRNA were localized using antibodies developed to synthetic hamster relaxin and gene-specific molecular probes, respectively. Molecular weight and isoelectric point of the synthetic ...
Ziecik A J - - 2002
In 1977 Bazer and Thatcher proposed that maternal recognition of pregnancy in the pig involves the secretion of PGF(2alpha) towards the uterine lumen (exocrine) rather than towards the uterine venous drainage (endocrine) as occurs in the non-pregnant pig during the mid to late stages of the estrous cycle. The retrograde ...
Chen Joyce C - - 2002
Prolactin (PRL) has long been regarded as a luteotropin maintaining early pregnancy in rodents. To delineate luteotropic roles of PRL in terms of luteal vascularization and immune privilege, luteal expression of Thy-1 differentiation protein, Fas, and Fas ligand (FasL) in early pregnancy was studied in hamsters on Day 4 of ...
Isaacs Jacqueline - - 2002
The presence and distribution of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor in rat uterine epithelial cells was determined immunohistochemically and localized ultrastructurally. Rat uterine tissue was examined on days 1, 3, 6 and 8 of pregnancy and it was found that while presence of this growth factor was evident from day 1, ...
Engelhardt Heidi - - 2002
Pregnancy in humans and rodents is associated with dramatic changes in leukocyte populations within the uterus. In these species, recruitment of leukocytes, mostly natural killer (NK) lymphocytes, accompanies decidualization of endometrial stroma even in the absence of pregnancy. In the pig, a nondecidualizing species, the predominant lymphocytes in the pregnant ...
Palmer Colin W - - 2002
Fifteen mated bitches were given prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) [250 micrograms/kg body weight] and bromocriptine (10 micrograms/kg BW) twice daily from days 6 to 10 of diestrus. Progesterone concentrations declined during treatment. None of the bitches whelped. Daily treatment with PGF2 alpha and bromocriptine for 5 d appears to ...
Vonnahme K A - - 2002
An estimated 30 to 40% of potential piglets are lost before farrowing in U.S. or European pig breeds. Because these studies were conducted in limited numbers of university research herds, we decided to characterize the timing, pattern, and extent of conceptus loss in a commercial swine herd in Iowa (Pig ...
Allen Melanie R - - 2002
During the period of attachment of the trophectoderm to the uterine lumenal surface in the pig, there is an increase in uterine blood flow and a localized hyperemic response induced by the developing conceptuses. The presence of tissue kallikrein in the porcine uterine lumen suggests that the kallikrein-kinin system may ...
Levack V M - - 2002
PURPOSE: To measure the transfer of cerium from mother to fetus in experimental animals and estimate doses to the human fetus following intakes of radioisotopes of Ce. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cerium-141 in chloride solution was administered intravenously to rats at different stages of pregnancy (days 9.5, 12.5 or 18.5), and ...
Burton P J - - 2002
The enzyme 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11 beta-HSD2), which reduces glucocorticoid potency in target cells by metabolism of active glucocorticoids, is expressed in the non-pregnant rat uterus in an oestrogen-dependent manner. Because glucocorticoids appear to facilitate parturition in many species, expression of 11 beta-HSD2 in pregnant myometrium is likely ...
Ben Saad M M - - 2002
We investigated the effects of photoperiod on testicular activity in wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) captured on Zembra Island (North Tunisia) and maintained in experimental photoperiodic conditions. Sexually inactive animals were subjected to alternate 3-mo periods of short days (8L:16D) and long days (16L:8D) for 1 yr. Testicular activity increased significantly ...
Stout T A E - - 2002
A growing equine conceptus must suppress the cyclical release of PGF(2 alpha) from the endometrium to effect maternal recognition of its presence in the uterus. Paradoxically, the conceptus itself secretes PGF(2 alpha), together with other prostaglandins. In this study, the PGF(2 alpha) and PGE(2) content of, and production in vitro ...
Wang Mong-Heng - - 2002
We examined whether renal 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) synthesis is altered during gestation. Renal microsomal arachidonic acid omega-hydroxylase activity increased by 50 and 48% in rats on days 12 and 19 of gestation, respectively. Renal microvessel 20-HETE synthesis increased by 50 and 82% in rats on days 6 and 12 of ...
Sheldon I Martin - - 2002
In cattle, the first postpartum dominant follicle has a predilection for the ovary contralateral to the previously gravid uterine horn, possibly due to a local inhibitory effect of the regressing corpus luteum of pregnancy in the ipsilateral ovary. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that ...
Yoshizaki Norio - - 2002
The present study was done to reveal how egg white is taken up by embryonic tissues, the pathway through which egg white is transported, and the location where it is digested during the development of the quail Coturnix japonica. Antiserum against quail ovalbumin was raised in rabbit and used as ...
Ohshima K - - 2002
Numerous antral follicles develop during the second half of pregnancy in the golden hamster. However, mechanisms regulating follicular development during this period are unknown. Because inhibin and activin are related to follicular development, these hormones were studied to gain insight into any potential roles in follicular development. Plasma inhibin A ...
Ema M - - 2001
The objective of this study was to determine the toxic effects of butyltin trichloride (BTCl) during early pregnancy. Following successful mating, female rats were given BTCl by gastric intubation at 0,56,226, or 903 mg/kg on days 0-3 or 4-7 of pregnancy. Female rats were sacrificed on day 20 of pregnancy ...
Rae M T - - 2001
Gonad development in female sheep fetuses is thought to occur in a number of key stages. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of maternal undernutrition, applied at one or more of these critical stages, on fetal ovarian development. Groups of ewes (n = 11-19) were fed ...
Sugino N - - 2001
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors, the fms-like tyrosine kinase (flt-1) and kinase insert domain-containing region (KDR), in corpora lutea obtained at different stages of the oestrous cycle and during pregnancy in rats. Immunohistochemistry revealed that both flt-1 and ...
Kimmins S - - 2001
Reproductive cyclicity and pregnancy require cell and tissue specific expression of oestrogen (OR) and progesterone receptors (PR). To determine the effects of cycle day and early pregnancy (days 16-30) on the distribution of OR and PR, uteri were collected from cycling (n=39), pregnant (n=14), and steroid-treated ovariectomized cattle (n=10). Immunohistochemistry ...
Niklaus A L - - 2001
Light and electron microscopy was used to examine the apical luminal epithelial surface of the uterus at preovulatory and preimplantation stages in the marmoset monkey. Luminal surface charge, detected by cationic ferritin staining, progressively decreased from preovulation to day 11 of pregnancy. The smooth, regular apical plasma membrane at preovulatory ...
Hettinger A M - - 2001
Noninvasive, epitheliochorial placental attachment in the pig is regulated through endometrial production of protease inhibitors. The objective of the present study was to determine if the light-chain serine protease inhibitor of the inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor family, bikunin, is produced by the porcine endometrium during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy. Western ...
Frates M C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a relationship between gray scale or Doppler characteristics of the corpus luteum and first-trimester pregnancy outcome. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of patients with spontaneous singleton pregnancies between 5 and 8 weeks' gestation. The corpus luteum size, sonographic appearance, resistive index, and peak ...
Son C H - - 2001
To establish a prediction table of parturition day the real-time B-mode ultrasonographic examinations were performed in the 8 pregnant Malteses and 10 Yorkshire terriers (total pups, 25 and 38 pups, respectively) from 18 days of gestation until the parturition. Ovulation was designated the first day of gestation (day 0). Extra ...
Ingram J N - - 2001
Marsupials have two anatomically separate uteri; and in macropodids (kangaroos and wallabies), there is a single ovulation from alternate ovaries in each cycle. During late pregnancy, the two uteri are differentially regulated by local hormonal influences from the corpus luteum, the fetus, and placenta on one side and by the ...
Novak J - - 2001
Marked vasodilation in the kidney and other nonreproductive organs is one of the earliest maternal adaptations to occur during pregnancy. Despite the recognition of this extraordinary physiology for over four decades, the gestational hormone responsible has remained elusive. Here we demonstrate a key role for relaxin, a member of the ...
Zhao S - - 2001
The growth of the cervix and vagina that occurs during the second half of rat pregnancy is accompanied by an increase in both epithelial and stromal cells. Neither the mechanism(s) that regulates this accumulation of cells nor its hormonal control is known. To test the hypothesis that the rate of ...
Geisert R D - - 2001
During early pregnancy, pig conceptuses initiate the synthesis of oestrogens and on day 12 their trophoblastic membranes undergo a rapid expansion throughout the uterine horns. The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system may be involved with conceptus development and steroidogenesis in pigs. Changes in uterine luminal IGF, insulin-like growth factor binding ...
Babischkin J S - - 2001
The present study determined whether morphological differentiation of placental villous cytotrophoblasts into syncytiotrophoblast during primate pregnancy was developmentally regulated and whether oestrogen has a role in this process. Placental volumetric composition of the cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast was determined by the test-point counting method on days 45-54, 60, 100, and 170 ...
Magness R R - - 2001
Normal pregnancy and the follicular phase of the ovarian cycle are both estrogen-dominated physiological states that are characterized by elevations in uterine blood flow and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) protein expression in the uterine artery (UA) endothelium. It is unknown if elevations in mRNA level account for the changes ...
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