Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1198
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Stocco Carlos - - 2007
The corpus luteum (CL) is one of the few endocrine glands that forms from the remains of another organ and whose function and survival are limited in scope and time. The CL is the site of rapid remodeling, growth, differentiation, and death of cells originating from granulosa, theca, capillaries, and ...
Powell Susan A - - 2007
Estradiol is a potential candidate for the blastocyst signal responsible for maternal recognition of pregnancy in the llama (Lama glama). Two experiments were conducted to determine if the llama blastocyst produces estradiol during the presumed period of maternal recognition of pregnancy and if exogenous estradiol can extend the luteal phase. ...
Maes D - - 2006
The assessment of an early and reliable pregnancy diagnosis in sows is very important for limiting the number of non-productive days in sow herds. The aim of the present study was to investigate the accuracy of trans-abdominal ultrasound detection for early pregnancy diagnosis in sows under field conditions. Particular attention ...
Wang Ying-Peng - - 2006
Exposure to triorthocresyl phosphate (TOCP) may result in a late neurological complication, i.e. organophosphate-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN). The aim of this study was to examine changes in levels of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) and of its activator, p35/p25, in the spinal cord of hens treated by TOCP. After exposure to ...
Clark Russell D RD - - 2006
This study investigated whether the lack of day-to-day consistency in performance for professional golfers would occur if round ranks were employed instead of round scores. When players' round scores from the 2004 Clark study were converted to round ranks, the results were very similar to those found in that study. ...
Isobe Naoki - - 2007
The present study was carried out to measure fecal progestagen and estrone concentrations during pregnancy in a giraffe and examine the possibility of utilizing this assay system for pregnancy diagnosis. Fecal samples were collected from a giraffe during her third and fourth parities and mixed with methanol to prepare a ...
Carlson Debra A - - 2007
The diagnosis of pregnancy in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) often employs specialized equipment, experienced staff, and the cooperation of the bitch. These procedures can be challenging when the subject is a wild canid, particularly in a field setting. In addition, reproductive hormone assays are unreliable as a diagnostic tool ...
Jones Nicole M - - 2006
The Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health (POUCH) Study enrolled women in their 15th to 27th week of pregnancy from 52 prenatal clinics located in five communities. After the study began, an at-home protocol to measure maternal stress was added, which included collection of urine and saliva twice a day (waking ...
Langley-Evans Simon C - - 2006
The disease-programming effects of a maternal low-protein (MLP) diet in rat pregnancy have been suggested to be attributable of hyperhomocysteinaemia. The aim of the present study was to determine whether MLP feeding impacted upon maternal and day 20 fetal homocysteine concentrations, with ensuing effects upon oxidant/antioxidant status. Sixty-four pregnant rats ...
Quinn Claire E - - 2006
Endometrial receptivity for embryo implantation in the rat is a transient state occurring on day 5 of pregnancy or pseudopregnancy and is controlled by estrogen and progesterone. To identify genes potentially involved in receptivity, a uterine cDNA library was screened. An interesting pattern for Cystatin C (Cst3) expression was discovered ...
Allan Christopher H - - 2006
Regeneration of mammalian digit tips is well described; however, associated cellular or molecular events have not been studied in humans. We describe an in vitro human fetal model of response to digit tip amputation, and report expression of the transcription repressor Msx1 in the developing and regrowing human digit tip. ...
Anzaldúa Santiago René - - 2007
We characterized the expression pattern of progesterone receptor (PR) in two regions of the oviduct (ampullae and isthmus), and the uterus (epithelium and stroma) of the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) during early pregnancy (1-4 days) by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. We observed a significant increase in the expression of PR at mRNA ...
Franczak A - - 2006
Past studies of uterine prostaglandin (PGs) and pig reproduction have focused on endometrial rather than myometrial PGs. This study documents the synthesis and secretion of myometrial prostaglandins (PGs) in pigs and the involvement of oxytocin (OT) in these processes. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression was similar in myometrial explants from cyclic and ...
Hoffman K L - - 2006
The female rabbit is an exceptional experimental model to define mechanisms by which progesterone (P) controls the expression of reproductive behaviors. In the rabbit, the rise in P levels during pregnancy inhibits estrous scent marking ("chinning"), stimulates the excavation of a nest burrow ("digging"), and primes behaviors later used for ...
Mayor Pedro - - 2006
In this study, the ovaries of 27 wild collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) from the Amazonian region of northeastern Peru were examined macroscopically and microscopically, and expression of major steroidogenic enzymes was detected by immunohistochemistry. Our observations suggest a mean ovulation rate of 2.3 +/- 0.6 follicles and a low rate ...
Kaminski T - - 2006
Leptin is a polypeptide that plays a key role in the regulation of energy homeostasis and is also linked, among others, to mechanisms controlling reproductive processes. Data concerning the involvement of leptin in controlling reproductive functions at the level of hypothalamus and pituitary in the pig are limited. Therefore, in ...
Volkmann D H - - 2006
A novel approach to estrous induction in diestrous bitches is described. Twelve spontaneously cycling anestrous bitches served as controls. Thirteen anestrous and 15 diestrous bitches were induced to come into synchronous estrous using prostaglandin (diestrous bitches only) and deslorelin implants (Ovuplant). Implants contained either 2.1 or 1.05 mg deslorelin and ...
Luz Marcelo Rezende - - 2006
To better understand the process of slow luteal regression of the nonpregnant cycle in dogs and the acute luteolysis that occurs prepartum, the present study investigated in vitro PGF2alpha production by the endometrium, corpus luteum and placental explants obtained at known times of the cycle from pregnant bitches (days 63, ...
de Haas van Dorsser Florine J - - 2006
Many nondomestic felids are highly endangered, and captive breeding programs have become essential components of holistic conservation efforts for these species. The ability to diagnose pregnancy early in gestation is fundamental to developing effective breeding programs. The purpose of this study was to develop a radioimmunoassay (RIA) for the detection ...
Koenen Steven V - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a diurnal pattern in the clinical symptoms of HELLP (Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, Low Platelets) syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was performed in 134 pregnancies complicated by HELLP syndrome. The medical records were reviewed to describe each HELLP episode. Time of day was ...
Matsuoka-Sakata Aki - - 2006
The present study investigates changes in blood vessel stability and its regulation in the corpus luteum (CL) during pregnancy in the rat. First, blood vessel stability in the CL was evaluated during pregnancy based on vascular leakage, which was quantified by the Evans blue assay. Vascular leakage was highest on ...
Song Gwonhwa - - 2006
Stanniocalcin (STC) is a hormone in fish that regulates calcium levels. Mammals have two orthologs of STC with roles in calcium and phosphate metabolism and perhaps cell differentiation. In the kidney and gut, STC regulates calcium and phosphate homeostasis. In the mouse uterus, Stc1 increases in the mesometrial decidua during ...
Ashworth Morgan D - - 2006
Porcine trophoblast attachment to the uterine surface is associated with increased conceptus and endometrial production of prostaglandins. Conceptus secretion of estrogen on Day 12 of gestation is important for establishment of pregnancy; however, early (Days 9 and 10) exposure to exogenous estrogens results in embryonic mortality. Present studies established the ...
Fazleabas Asgerally T - - 2006
Estrogen and progesterone secreted by the corpus luteum regulate the function of the uterine endometrium in preparation for pregnancy. Embryonic signals superimposed on this steroid hormone-primed uterus further modulate the uterine environment to make it conducive to pregnancy. Understanding the signaling mechanisms that initiate the embryonic-maternal dialog in humans is ...
Ziecik A J - - 2006
Inhibition of luteolysis and establishment of pregnancy in pigs results from oestrogen secretion by the conceptuses and requires progesterone produced by the corpus luteum (CL). An integral part of maternal recognition of pregnancy in the pig is the redirection of prostaglandin (PG) F2alpha secretion from endocrine (blood) to exocrine (uterus) ...
Dusza Luiza - - 2006
Phytoestrogens are polyphenolic compounds that occur ubiquitously in food of plant origin and they have a variety of biological effects in numerous animal cell systems in vivo as well in vitro. Results of studies conducted on animals have shown that effects of phytoestrogens vary depending on species, sex, routes of ...
Virolainen J V - - 2005
The effect of three feeding regimens on progesterone level was tested during early pregnancy in multiparous sows. A total of eighteen sows in their eighth parity (8.1 +/- 2.8, mean +/- S.D.) were used. During lactation the sows were fed to appetite and after weaning they received 4 kg (52 ...
Waclawik Agnieszka - - 2006
Endometrial prostaglandins (PGs) and the PGE2/PGF2alpha ratio play an important role in regulating the estrous cycle and establishment of pregnancy. The enzymes downstream of cyclooxygenase-2 may determine the PGE2/PGF2alpha ratio in the porcine uterus. Thus, we have cloned porcine PGF synthase (PGFS) and microsomal PGE synthase-1 (mPGES-1) and characterized their ...
Ashworth M D - - 2005
Early exposure of pregnant gilts to oestrogen, prior to the normal period of porcine conceptus oestrogen secretion, disrupts the uterine environment resulting in complete embryonic mortality during the period of placental attachment to the uterine surface. The current study evaluates the uterine insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system following endocrine disruption ...
Shi J J - - 2005
PGE2 is essential for mammalian female reproduction. This study was to examine the expression of EP2 gene in the rat uterus during early pregnancy, delayed implantation and artificial decidualization by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. There was no detectable EP2 mRNA expression in the uterus from days 1 to 4 ...
Georgiev Plamen - - 2006
The efficacy of aglepristone, a progesterone receptor antagonist, to induce abortion on days 25 and 26 after first mating was investigated in queens. The cats were divided into two groups: aglepristone (10 mg/kg, subcutaneously) was injected twice, 24 h apart, on days 25 and 26 after first mating, into group ...
Chen Yong-Shing - - 2005
In spring, windblown dust storms originating in the deserts of Mongolia and China make their way to Taipei city. These occurrences are known as Asian dust storm (ADS) events. The objective of this study was to assess the possible effects of ADS on the hospital cardiovascular disease (CVD) admissions of ...
Vallet J L - - 2005
Previous comparisons between the cDNA and gene sequences for secreted folate binding protein (sFBP) indicated a 12-bp insertion/deletion (ins/del) polymorphism in exon 1 and a SNP that altered (Ser-Arg) the protein AA sequence. The effect of the Ser-Arg SNP on reproductive traits was examined in three groups of Meishan-White European ...
Kumano A - - 2005
The present study has demonstrated the immunohistochemical localization of gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and neurone-specific enolase (NSE) in the uterus of the North American opossum. Although the presence of GRP, nNOS and NSE has been reported recently in the uterus of eutherian species this is the ...
Kurowicka Beata - - 2005
The present study was undertaken to elucidate the role of OT in myometrial contractility in sows. Spontaneous and OT-stimulated contractions of the inner circular (CM) and outer longitudinal (LM) layers isolated from cyclic (Days 14-16) and early pregnant (Days 14-16) sows were examined in six cyclic and six pregnant sows. ...
Kamidate Tamio - - 2005
Homogentisic acid gamma-lactone (HAL) chemiluminescence (CL) was applied to the determination of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) encapsulated in liposomes. HRP was detected after the lysis of HRP-trapped liposomes with Triton X-100. CL response rate, detection limit and linear range of calibration curve for HRP in HAL CL were compared with those ...
Dendrinos S - - 2005
HLA-G antigens are highly expressed in maternal peripheral blood during early pregnancy in transgenic mice. In this study, we determined the levels of HLA-G in white blood cells during early pregnancy and after interruption of pregnancy in triple transgenic mice (H-2K(b)/HLA-G, hbeta2m, and hCD2/hCD8-TRI). The pregnancies were interrupted on day ...
Santora Karen - - 2005
A reduction in the incidence and severity of rheumatoid arthritis is seen in pregnant women. Relaxin, a hormone of pregnancy, has been implicated in decreased immune responsiveness. Consequently, the effects of relaxin and estradiol valerate, alone or in combination, were assessed in the development of adjuvant-induced arthritis in the rat. ...
Weiss Gerson - - 2005
In women, circulating relaxin is produced by the corpus luteum of pregnancy. The levels of relaxin are predominantly determined by the luteal mass, the number of corpora lutea present. Relaxin levels are highest after ovulation induction, which stimulates formation of many corpora lutea. Elevated relaxin levels in the first trimester ...
Steinetz Bernard G - - 2005
Many mammalian species are facing extinction due to problems created by human encroachment, agriculture, pollution, and willful slaughter. Among those at risk are the Asian and African elephant, Sumatran rhinoceros, and giant panda. Conservation groups try to save species in the wild by preserving habitat and limiting animal-human conflicts, often ...
Sukjumlong S - - 2005
Physiological changes in the sow uterus involve the regulation by progesterone and its receptor proteins (PR). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the localization of PR during different stages of the oestrous cycle and in inseminated sows during early pregnancy by use of immunohistochemistry. Uterine samples ...
Weng Qiang - - 2005
In this study, we performed immunohistochemistry of cholesterol side-chain cleavage cytochrome P450 (P450scc), 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3betaHSD), cytochrome 17alpha-hydroxylase P450 (P450c17), and cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450arom) in the corpus luteum and placenta of Shiba goats. The aim was to clarify the steroidogenic capability of the corpus luteum and placenta of Shiba ...
Honkanen Helena - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To study the role of progesterone (P4) in the regulation of circulating leptin in early human pregnancy, we measured the levels of leptin before and after administration of the antiprogestin mifepristone, followed by misoprostol in early pregnancy. METHODS: Thirty-four women requesting termination of pregnancy, with < or =63 days ...
Joyce M M - - 2005
Osteopontin (OPN) is the most highly up-regulated extracellular matrix/adhesion molecule in the uterus of humans and domestic animals as it becomes receptive to implantation. Studies in sheep and pigs have shown that OPN is a component of ovine and porcine histotroph characterized by a complex temporal and spatial pattern of ...
Tang Meiyi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Reproductive tissues are unique structures that exhibit cyclic stromal remodelling during menstrual cycles in humans. Ebaf/lefty participates in tissue remodelling of human endometrium by induction of matrix metalloproteases (MMP). METHODS: We describe the temporal expression and spatial distribution of lefty and tissue remodelling events in mouse endometrium. RT-PCR and ...
Atanas Todorov Atanasov
Using the relationship between length of pregnancy T(day), body mass M(g) and basal metabolism of mammals from type: T=7.5451 M0.2689 and T.P/M=Apr , where, P (kcal/day)-rate of metabolism, Apr(kcal/kg)-total metabolic energy of mother during pregnancy, per 1 kg body mass, a method for calculation the prolongation and reduction of pregnancy ...
Tu M - - 2005
The distribution of precipitation events in the Meuse basin during the past century has been found to reflect the large-scale atmospheric circulation, as characterised by the Grosswetterlagen system. Statistical analysis of the long observation records (1911-2002) for the basin showed that although the annual (November to October) and winter half-year ...
Zhang X - - 2005
Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in many cellular processes. We examined the temporal and spatial expressions of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in mouse uteri during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy, as well as the regulation of eNOS and iNOS by estradiol ...
de Freitas Tanise Gonçalves - - 2005
Ruta graveolens L. is used in many countries, including Brazil, as an abortifacient. To determine its effect on pregnancy, the lyophilized hydroalcoholic extract of its aerial parts was administered orally at a dose of 1000 mg/kg per day to mice between the first and third day of pregnancy (DOP), between ...
Schwarzenberger Franz - - 2004
Fecal steroid analyses were conducted on captive (n = 10) and free-ranging (n = 2) sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) in order to establish a noninvasive technique for monitoring endocrine profiles during the estrous cycle and pregnancy. Secondly, the effect of the contraceptive porcine zona pellucida protein (PZP) on reproductive function ...
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