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Results 201 - 250 of 1198
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Ziecik A J - - 2008
Establishment of pregnancy in pigs requires estrogen secretion by the conceptus. The developmental changes of embryo before implantation and embryo-uterine cross talk are dependent on various biological molecules secreted by the endometrium and conceptus. An integral part of maternal recognition of pregnancy seems to be also the lipid signaling system ...
Omar Hanan Hafez - - 2008
This study is to inspect how the variation of molecular structures and functional groups present in our models, monoazo dye (Tartrazine) and diazo dye (Ponceau), affects decolorization capabilities of green algae, cyanobacteria and diatoms. The results revealed that the removal of azo dyes was rapid at the initial period of ...
Slutzky-Goldberg Iris - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of root canal sealers. The direct contact test (DCT) was used to assess the antibacterial properties of AH plus, Apexit Plus, Epiphany SE, and RoekoSeal when in contact with Enterococcus faecalis. The materials were examined immediately after setting and ...
Waclawik A - - 2008
Prostaglandins (PGs) of luteal origin may have paracrine and/or autocrine actions on the functions of the corpus luteum (CL). Previously, we have shown that enzymes of PG synthesis pathway such as prostaglandin E synthase (mPGES-1), prostaglandin F synthase (PGFS) and prostaglandin 9-ketoreductase (CBR1) are important in regulation of PG production ...
Xiao Xiaohui - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the expression and localization of Ets-1 in the rat ovary during the estrous cycle and pregnancy, and to investigate its effects on ovarian function. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Department of Physiology at Harbin Medical University. ANIMAL(S): Pubertal female Wistar rats. INTERVENTION(S): Vaginal smears were taken daily ...
Garcia Eduardo A - - 2008
The present work quantifies hyaluronan (HA) during the late pregnancy and post-partum in order to provide a better understanding of the role of HA in the adaptations that occur in the pubic symphysis during this period. HA was quantified in situ (histochemically) and in interpubic tissue extracts by fluorimetric assay. ...
Ozalp G R - - 2008
The efficacy of aglepristone treatment to induce abortion in does 15 and 16 days after mating was investigated. The pregnant does were randomly allocated into two groups: For group I, aglepristone was injected twice (10mg/kg, subcutaneously) on days 15 and 16 after mating (n=10); for group II the does got ...
Furuta Chie - - 2008
Numerous antral follicles develop during the second half of pregnancy in the golden hamster even though LH and FSH are maintained at basal levels. To investigate the possible hormone actions of activin A associated with follicular development, pregnant golden hamsters were placentectomized on day 6 of pregnancy and animals were ...
Andronowska Aneta - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to examine: 1/ endometrial concentrations of nitrate/nitrite (NOx) in pregnant pigs, and 2/ the influence of estradiol-17beta (E(2)) and/or progesterone (P(4)) on NOx production by porcine endometrium during the first half of pregnancy. Total NOx concentrations were determined using a microplate assay method based ...
Williams Sara I - - 2008
Early and accurate diagnosis of nonpregnant sows and gilts has the potential to increase reproductive efficiency and the financial income in pig production by reducing non-productive days per sow per year. The objectives of this study were to compare the efficiency of pregnancy diagnosis between Doppler Echo+ and real time ...
Słomczyńska M - - 2008
The uterus is a well-known target of endocrine, paracrine and autocrine acting molecules among which steroid hormones (oestrogens, androgens and progesterone) are of special importance. The uterine tissues (endometrium and myometrium) undergo morphological and physiological changes which are associated with changes in expression of steroid hormone receptors. Androgen receptors (AR) ...
Klećkowska-Nawrot J - - 2008
The morphological and histological examinations of the lacrimal gland were conducted on pig fetuses coming from the 20th, 24th, 27th, 30th, 35th, 50th, 63rd, 94th and 112th day of gestation. The morphological examinations were carried out using the method of macroscopic preparation with a forehead magnifying glass and binocular (magnification ...
Chen F - - 2008
This stroke experiment was designed to define the mismatch between perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in MRI by applying early or instantly acquired PWI. Eight rats were induced with stroke through photothrombotic occlusion of the middle cerebral artery and scanned serially between 1 h and day 3 after ...
Joyner J - - 2008
We previously demonstrated that angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)], which is increased in the kidney and urine during pregnancy, influences normal fluid expansion of pregnancy. These previous studies were completed by chronic administration of the Ang-(1-7) receptor antagonist D-Alanine-[Ang-(1-7)] (A-779) at a dose of 48 mug/kg/hr after the start of pregnancy (gestational days ...
Niimi Gen - - 2008
It is well known that avian yolk sac is involved in both primitive and definitive erythropoiesis during embryonic development. Definitive erythropoiesis is first detected at about 4-5 days incubation and its maximum activity is reached between day 10 and 15 of incubation, ending between days 18 and 20 of incubation. ...
Rosario Gracy X - - 2008
The present study was undertaken to investigate endometrial modifications that occur before embryo invasion in bonnet monkeys (Macaca radiata). These changes were analysed in luminal epithelium, glandular epithelium and stroma of endometrial functionalis on Day 6 post ovulation from pregnant and non-pregnant animals (n = 4 each) by transmission electron ...
Siawrys G - - 2007
Leptin is a multifunctional regulator in numerous tissues, including the pituitary. It is not known, whether the porcine pituitary is a source of leptin synthesis and possesses the leptin receptor protein. It is also unknown, if a relationship exists between expression levels of these proteins in the pituitary and physiological ...
Klećkowska-Nawrot J - - 2007
The morphological and histological examinations of the third eyelid and superficial gland of the third eyelid were conducted in pig fetuses coming from the 20th, 24th, 27th, 30th, 35th, 50th, 63rd, 94th and 112th day of gestation. The morphological examinations were carried out by applying the method of macroscopic preparation ...
Nyboeandersen A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this multicentre, multinational trial was to study whether rLH supplementation to recombinant FSH (rFSH) during the late follicular phase increased pregnancy rates. METHODS: After down-regulation with nafarelin, 526 women were randomized on Day 1 of stimulation to use either rFSH (Gonal-F) alone (n = 261) or ...
Kengni Junie Hurette Chansi - - 2007
Prostaglandins (PGs) are critical regulators of a number of reproductive processes. To date, the presence and regulation of PGS in the rat endometrium have not yet been described. The objective of the present study was to investigate the expression of PGD synthase (PGDS) and prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) in the endometrium. ...
Franczak A - - 2008
Past studies of the source of estrogens secreted during maternal recognition of pregnancy in pigs have focused on embryonic rather than uterine origin of these steroids. The present study documents: (1) the expression of the gene CYP 17, encoding cytochrome P450 17alpha-hydroxylase/C(17-20) lyase and (2) the synthesis and secretion of ...
Kamińska Katarzyna - - 2008
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) belongs to the group of lipid messengers, which act via lysophosphatidic acid receptor 3 coupled to G-proteins. The participation of LPA3 in reproductive biology was revealed in mice and has not been studied in gilts. The present study was performed to evaluate the gene expression of LPA3 ...
Ortiz M E - - 2007
The aim of this study was to examine the requirement of luteal progesterone or luteal estrogen for the establishment of pregnancy in the Cebus monkey and to test in a primate species the synergism between RU 486 and letrozole (LTZ) found in rodents for inhibiting implantation. Exposure of target tissues ...
Karen A - - 2007
The aims of the present study were to evaluate and compare the accuracy of transrectal ultrasonography and pregnancy-associated glycoprotein radioimmunoassay (PAG-RIA) test for diagnosis of pregnancy in buffaloes. Two hundred and seventy-five buffalo cows and heifers were examined once for pregnancy diagnosis by transrectal ultrasonography using a 5 MHz linear-array ...
Song, Gwon Hwa, 1971-
The peri-implantation period in mammals is critical with respect to survival of the conceptus and establishment of pregnancy. During this period of pregnancy, reciprocal communication between ovary, conceptus, and endometrium is required for successful implantation and placentation. Therefore, studies were conducted to indentify and characterize novel endometrial genes important for ...
Smolinska N - - 2007
Leptin is a 16-kDa protein hormone encoded by the obese (ob) gene and acts on receptors in the hypothalamus to regulate food intake and energy balance. The identification of leptin and its receptor mRNAs and proteins in human and mouse endometrium and placental trophoblast has attracted attention to the potential ...
Waclawik Agnieszka A Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of Polish Academy of Sciences, Tuwima 10, 10-747 Olsztyn, - - 2007
Prostaglandins (PGs) play a pivotal role in luteolysis, maternal recognition of pregnancy, and implantation. In many species, including pigs, both conceptus (embryo and associated membranes) and endometrium synthesize PGE(2), which may antagonize PGF(2alpha) by playing a luteotropic/antiluteolytic role. Previously, we have reported expression profiles of PG G/H synthases (PGHS-1 and ...
Tolaymat L L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between cervical length (CL) at 37 to 40 weeks and delivery within 7 days and delivery by 41 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: We performed transvaginal ultrasound to measure CL in women with singleton gestations at 37 to 40 weeks. We then used a receiver operating characteristic ...
Peluffo Marina C - - 2007
Studies were designed to examine the expression and activity of four caspases that contribute to the initial (caspases-2, -8, and -9) and final (caspase-3) events in apoptosis in the rat corpus luteum (CL) during pregnancy (days 7, 17, 19, and 21 of gestation), postpartum (days 1 and 4), and after ...
Skrzypek T - - 2007
The unique feature of enterocytes in newborn mammals is the presence of an apical canalicular system (ACS) leading to production of large vacuoles, important for colostral macromolecule uptake. The vacuolated fetal-type enterocytes (VFE) enable transfer of colostral and milk proteins from the intestinal lumen across the epithelium without loosing their ...
Quinn B A - - 2007
During the third week of pregnancy, the equine conceptus is enclosed within a capsule, the glycan composition of which changes at around day 16 (ovulation = day 0) when the conceptus becomes immobilized (fixed) in the uterine lumen. Our objective was to characterize the process of fixation by identifying changes ...
Knapczyk K - - 2007
Steroid hormones play an essential role in the ovarian cyclicity control and the progress of pregnancy. One of the crucial enzymes in the steroidogenesis is 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Delta5-Delta4 isomerase (3betaHSD). The aim of the present study was to localize both 3betaHSD mRNA and protein in the ovary of pregnant swine. The ...
Benoit Allison M - - 2007
Sperm protein 22 (SP22) is correlated with fertility in rats. It has been identified in testis and implicated in sperm-egg interaction, protection against oxidative stress, and androgen receptor function. SP22 is widespread in rat and human tissues but has not yet been reported in the ovary. Using reverse transcription polymerase ...
Khanam Tina - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of P2X(1) receptors and connexin 43 in gap junctions between smooth muscle cells. Contraction mediated by P2X receptors is known to occur in the bladder and male reproductive tract, and cell-cell coupling of smooth muscle via gap junctions is essential for synchronized rhythmic activity of ...
Samuel C S - - 2007
The peptide hormone relaxin is emerging as a multi-functional factor in a broad range of target tissues including several non-reproductive organs, in addition to its historical role as a hormone of pregnancy. This review discusses the evidence that collectively demonstrates the many diverse and vital roles of relaxin: the homeostatic ...
Joyce Margaret M - - 2007
Pig conceptuses secrete estrogen for pregnancy recognition, and they secrete interferons (IFNs) gamma and delta during the peri-implantation period. The uterine effects of pig IFNs are not known, although ruminant conceptuses secrete IFN tau for pregnancy recognition, and this increases the expression of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) in the endometrium. In ...
Santos M H B - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine the period of genital tubercle (GT) migration using ultrasonography in Morada Nova sheep foetuses (n = 117) from natural mating (NM) and frozen embryo transfer (ET) to determine the window when foetal sexing can be determined. The examinations were performed using transrectal ...
Okano Akira - - 2007
The mammalian uterus changes dramatically during the estrous cycle, pregnancy, and involution post partum. Dynamic changes in the uterine endometrium are a type of homeostasis and proceed with proliferation and exclusion of cells. Homeostasis of the uterus is closely related to apoptosis involving various hormones and cytokines. The objective of ...
Smolinska Nina - - 2007
Leptin, a hormone secreted by adipocytes, plays an important role in the regulation of metabolism and reproduction. The effect of leptin is mediated mainly via the long isoform of the leptin receptor (OB-Rb). Expression of leptin and its receptor has been identified in the central nervous system (hypothalamus, pituitary) and ...
Sengupta Anamika - - 2007
This study was designed to determine the cellular and ultrastructural distribution of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and the relative expression of its mRNA in the oviduct of rats during different time points (days 7, 9, 16, and 20) of pregnancy. Immunofluorescent localization and confocal microscopic techniques were used to determine ...
Specht A - - 2007
The aim of this work was to study biological aspects and the life cycle of Hylesia Metapyrrha in a laboratory. Laboratorial breeding was made at 25 +/- 1 degrees C, 70 +/- 10% UR and 14 hours of photophase, feeding the larvae with guava leaves (Psidium guayava L. - Myrtaceae). ...
Ema Makoto - - 2007
In this study, we examined the adverse effects of dibutyltin on initiation and maintenance of pregnancy after maternal administration during early pregnancy in mice. Following successful mating, female ICR mice were given dibutyltin dichloride (DBTCl) at 0, 7.6, 15.2, or 30.4 mg/kg bw/day by gastric intubation on days 0-3 or ...
Warriach Hassan Mahmood - - 2007
The objective of this study was to characterize the follicular waves and associated ovarian events during spontaneous and PGF(2alpha)-induced oestrous cycles in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. In Exp. 1, (n=13 oestrous cycles) follicular and luteal development was monitored by ultrasonography and jugular blood samples were collected simultaneously on alternate days. Of 12 ...
Limin Allen - - 2007
Six barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) accessions, previously used as parents of mapping populations, were evaluated for characters potentially affecting the location of low-temperature (LT) tolerance QTLs. Three were of winter growth habit (Kompolti Korai, Nure, and Strider), one was facultative (Dicktoo) and two were spring (Morex and Tremois). Final leaf ...
Zoller Allison L - - 2007
During mammalian pregnancy the maternal thymus undergoes significant involution, and then recovers in size after birth. The mechanism behind this involution is not known, but it has been suggested that elevated levels of hormones during pregnancy induce the involution. We have recently shown that injection of 17beta-oestradiol into mice causes ...
Parry Laura J - - 2007
The characteristic functions of relaxin are associated with female reproductive tract physiology. These include the regulation of biochemical processes involved in remodeling the extracellular matrix of the cervix and vagina during pregnancy and rupture of the fetal membranes at term. Such modifications enable the young to move unimpeded through the ...
Szołtys M - - 2007
Immunoexpression of androgen receptor (AR) and 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD) was investigated in three generations of corpora lutea (CLs), found in the ovaries of rats on Days 1, 2, 5, 9, 14 and 20 of pregnancy. The youngest generation of CLs functioned during the whole pregnancy, whereas the older and the ...
Samuel Chrishan S - - 2007
Since its discovery as a reproductive hormone 80 years ago, relaxin has been implicated in a number of pregnancy-related functions involving extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover and collagen degradation. It is now becoming evident that relaxin's ability to reduce matrix synthesis and increase ECM degradation has important implications in several nonreproductive ...
Garbayo Juana M - - 2008
Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) are a multigene family, related to aspartic proteinases, expressed in the placenta of artiodactyls. Ruminant PAG expression varies spatially as well as temporally during gestation. The aim of this study was the identification of novel PAG expressed around implantation in domestic ruminants and to study their phylogenetic ...
Youming Ding - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of h(1) calponin mRNA expression on the biliary tract dynamics, and investigate the molecular mechanisms of gallstone formation in pregnancy. METHODS: This study was carried out in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, and in the Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Wuhan University School of ...
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