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Woo Gregory W - - 2011
Placental mesenchymal dysplasia is a benign condition that can be confused with a molar pregnancy by ultrasound scanning and gross examination. Conservative management should be considered with a normal-appearing singleton fetus and a cystic-appearing placenta. We present a case of placental mesenchymal dysplasia with a favorable outcome.
Starikov Roman - - 2011
: Placental mesenchymal dysplasia is a rare abnormality characterized by placentomegaly, grapelike cystic vesicles, and villous hyperplasia. The clinical and ultrasonographic presentation may mimic molar pregnancy, provoking incorrect diagnoses and unnecessary therapeutic interventions. : A 36-year-old nulliparous woman presented for prenatal ultrasonography that indicated the presence of one gestational sac ...
Ugwuja E I - - 2011
Lead toxicity has been reported to affect hematopoietic, nervous, reproductive, cardiovascular and urinary tract systems. Many investigators have so far studied the effects of high blood lead levels on pregnancy outcomes. To investigate the effects of elevated maternal blood lead during pregnancy on some trace elements and pregnancy outcomes. Blood ...
Azar Zahra Fardi - - 2011
Changes of cervical ultrasonographic physical parameters and their association with outcome of cerclage have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed at evaluating association between ultrasonographic physical cervical shapes before and after McDonald cerclage with the length of pregnancy. Cervical length, width and funneling rate were assessed by transvaginal ultrasonography ...
Monte Santo - - 2011
Obesity has become a serious global public health issue and has consequences for nearly all areas of medicine. Within obstetrics, obesity not only has direct implications for the health of a pregnancy but also impacts on the weight of the child in infancy and beyond. As such, maternal weight may ...
Michel E - - 2011
Assessment of gestational age and parturition date prediction is a challenging, yet common task in clinical management of the pregnant bitch or queen. Knowing the approximate parturition date is essential for a thorough pregnancy monitoring. Radiographic and ultrasonographic methods are suitable in bitches and queens. In the bitch, moreover, ovulation ...
Knapczyk-Stwora K - - 2011
The uterus is a well-known target of endocrine, paracrine and autocrine acting molecules among which steroid hormones are of special importance. The objective of our work was to localize oestrogen receptors (ERα and ERβ) mRNA and protein in the pig uterus throughout pregnancy (10, 18, 32, 50, 71, 90 days post ...
Souza C A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of thyroxine administration on morphometric parameters, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and vascularization in the uterus and placenta and reproductive parameters in gilts at 70 days of gestation. At 150 days of age, i.e., before first heat, 20 ...
Güdücü Nilgün - - 2011
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia is a heritable disease of the heart muscle characterized by fibrofatty degeneration of cardiomyocytes. Patients present with ventricular arrhythmias or congestive heart failure, and sometimes sudden cardiac death occurs. Prenatal diagnosis has become possible with the detection of mutations, but, to the best of our knowledge, ...
Russo M - - 2010
The aim in this study was to investigate corpus luteum function and embryonic loss in buffaloes mated by artificial inseminations (AI) during the transitional period from breeding to non-breeding season. The study was carried out using 288 multiparous Italian Mediterranean Buffalo cows at 110 ± 4 days in milk. The buffaloes were mated ...
Charallah S - - 2010
Thirteen female Bedouin goats living in arid land of Algeria Sahara desert were used in this study. These goats were pregnant but they sustained an abortion because of unidentified causes. None of the goats showed any signs of general disease. Plasma concentrations of caprine pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (cPAGs) and progesterone (P4) ...
Corner R A - - 2010
Mid-pregnancy shearing has consistently been shown to increase lamb birth weight, which can lead to an increase in lamb survival rates. However, shearing ewes during the winter months and under outdoor pastoral farming conditions can expose the recently shorn ewe to a greater risk of hypothermia. The aim of this ...
Ideta Atsushi - - 2010
Intrauterine administration of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) prior to bovine embryo transfer (ET) was previously shown to improve the pregnancy rate. To better understand how PBMCs improve the pregnancy rate, we examined gene expression in the cells from uterine lumen and evaluated the morphology of bovine pre-attachment embryos in ...
Liu Ben - - 2010
To study the morphological characteristics of placentomes during gestation, thirty-one yaks were used to determine anatomical and histological data of placentomes by morphometric method. The results showed that there were no significant changes in the total number of yak placentomes during gestation, but remarkably fewer placentomes in the non-pregnant horn ...
Ideta Atsushi - - 2010
Intrauterine administration of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) prior to bovine embryo transfer (ET) was previously shown to improve the pregnancy rate. To better understand how PBMCs improve the pregnancy rate, we examined gene expression in the cells from uterine lumen and evaluated the morphology of bovine pre-attachment embryos in ...
Hubbard Jonathan J - - 2011
During preclinical development of neuroprotective antiaddiction therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against phencyclidine (PCP) and (+)-methamphetamine, we discovered novel, gestation stage-specific changes in mAb disposition spanning the entire reproductive cycle of female rats. Each pharmacological change was independent of mAb dose and antigen target but was precisely coincident with transitions between ...
Georgiev P - - 2010
The aim of this study was to test for the efficacy and safety of the use of aglepristone for pregnancy termination on day 45 in cats. Six healthy cats were treated with 10 mg/kg aglepristone sc on day 45 and 46 after mating; six other cats served as untreated controls. The ...
Ulbrich Susanne E - - 2011
Early embryonic development is critically dependent on both maternal preparation and embryonic signalling of pregnancy. Matrix metallopeptidases (MMP) contribute to spatial and temporal matrix remodeling in the bovine endometrium. In this study we observed distinct changes in expression of MMP2, MMP14, and the metallopeptidase inhibitor TIMP2 between different phases of ...
Payan-Carreira R - - 2011
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF), a pleiotropic cytokine that regulates cell growth and differentiation as well as the synthesis of other cytokines, has been identified in the uterus of several species describing a cyclic pattern, eventually under ovarian steroid regulation. Information is yet limited on the presence of TNF protein in ...
Agrawal Varkha - - 2011
Our objective was to investigate the effect of gram-negative bacterial infection on the ovaries and serum level of P(4) and 17β-E(2) during the preimplantation days of pregnancy in the mouse. We found that lipopolysaccharide alters the serum level of P(4) and E(2) during the preimplantation days of pregnancy and elevates the ...
Mathew Daniel J - - 2011
Establishment of pregnancy in the pig depends on down-regulation of progesterone receptor (PGR) in the uterine luminal and glandular epithelium during the first week after breeding. The present study evaluated the regulation of endometrial PGR by progesterone and the possible role of endometrial tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily member 11 ...
Narotsky Michael G - - 2011
Chlorination of drinking water yields hundreds of disinfection by-products (DBPs). Among the DBPs, four trihalomethanes (THMs; chloroform, bromodichloromethane, chlorodibromomethane, bromoform) and five haloacetic acids (HAAs; chloroacetic, dichloroacetic, trichloroacetic, bromoacetic, and dibromoacetic acid) are U.S. EPA regulated. We assessed the combined toxicity of these DBPs. F344 rats were treated with mixtures ...
Brunel-Guitton Catherine - - 2010
To report the successful pregnancy of a woman with methylmalonic acidemia and hyperhomocysteinemia, cblC type [cobalamin C (cblC) deficiency] (MIM 277400). Retrospective chart review. A 24-year-old woman presented at 14 weeks gestation with nausea, self-restricted protein diet, and weight loss. She had a past history of asymptomatic methylmalonic acidemia but had ...
ChruĊ›ciel M - - 2011
The umbilical cord (UC) and the placenta are important organs through which respiratory gases, nutrients, wastes and biologically active substances are exchanged between the maternal and the foetal system. A rapid placental vascularization observed in the second half of pig pregnancy is positively correlated with the mRNA expression of the ...
Korzekwa Anna J - - 2010
Recently, we showed that leukotrienes (LTs) regulate ovarian cell function in vitro. The aim of this study was to examine the role of LTs in corpus luteum (CL) function during both the estrous cycle and early pregnancy in vivo. mRNA expression of LT receptors (BLT for LTB(4) and CYSLT for ...
Ashworth Morgan D - - 2010
In pigs, administration of estrogen to gilts on Days 9 and 10 of pregnancy causes conceptus fragmentation and death between Days 15 and 18 of gestation. Conceptus degeneration is associated with breakdown of the microvilli surface glycocalyx on the lumenal epithelium (LE). We previously identified endometrial expression of inter-α-trypsin inhibitor ...
Atli Mehmet O - - 2010
The aim was to evaluate expression of genes involved in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins (PTG), Prostaglandin H Synthase-1 (PTGS1) and PTGS2, PGF synthase (PTGFS), and PGE synthase (PTGES), PGF receptor (PTGFR), PGE receptors (PTGER2 and PTGER4), prostaglandin transporter (SLCO2A1) and hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase-15 (HPGD). Endometrial biopsies were obtained from mares on ...
Kandasamy Sukumar - - 2010
Uterine serpins (SERPINA14) play important roles during pregnancy in the farm animals. In this study, we have cloned and characterized cDNA sequence encoding the bubaline SERPINA14. We also studied its spatio-temporal expression in the uterine endometrium. The bubaline SERPINA14 has an open reading frame of 1299bp. Itshares ∼90% identity with ...
Cavicchia Juan Carlos - - 2010
In a previous paper we described a pronounced increase of apoptotic nuclei in rat corpus luteum of pregnancy whose programmed chromatin degeneration was induced by the progesterone antagonist mifepristone. Those observations encouraged us to study the apoptotic nuclear membrane during pregnancy and after parturition and pup removal, by using a ...
KANDIEL Mohamed M M - - 2010
The present study was conducted to characterize follicular development and its hormonal control during early pregnancy in goats. The ovaries of goats (n=8) were scanned daily for follicles (> or = 2 mm in diameter) and corpora lutea by transrectal ultrasound with blood sampling from the jugular vein for monitoring ...
Smith Cheryl A - - 2010
Functional studies show that increased renal nitric oxide (NO) mediates the renal vasodilation and increased glomerular filtration rate that occur during normal pregnancy. We investigated whether changes in the constitutive NO synthases (NOS), endothelial (eNOS) and neuronal (nNOS), were associated with the increased renal NO production in normal midterm pregnancy ...
Baranda-Avila Noemi - - 2010
We characterized the expression pattern of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) gene in two regions of the oviduct, ampullae and isthmus, of the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) during early pregnancy (1-4 days) by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. In both regions of the oviduct, ERalpha mRNA was increased (P<0.01) in pregnant rabbits as compared ...
Mlynarczuk Jaroslaw - - 2010
Chloro-organic compounds are persistent environmental pollutants and affect many reproductive processes. Oxytocin (OT) synthesized in luteal cells is a local regulator of ovarian activity and uterine contractions. Therefore the effect of xenobiotics on the OT prohormone synthesis, secretion of OT and progesterone (P4) from luteal cells and on myometrial contractions ...
Waclawik Agnieszka - - 2010
Oxytocin (OXT) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF) have been implicated in the control of luteolysis by stimulating endometrial secretion of luteolytic prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF(2α)). Nevertheless, OXT concentration in porcine uterine lumen increases markedly on days 11-12 of pregnancy, and TNF is expressed in endometrium during pregnancy. The objective of ...
Fawad Saadia - - 2010
Recurrent pregnancy loss is a major health problem effecting 1(see symbol) 2% of women of reproductive age. Its causes range from chromosomal abnormalities to endocrinological factors and thrombophilia related factors. Treating thrombophilias especially antiphospholipid syndrome with low dose aspirin and low molecular weight heparin improves foetal outcome. This study will ...
Jarvis Philip - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This work evaluates pregnancy and infant loss in 1,069 vehicle-treated cynomolgus monkeys from 78 embryo-fetal development (EFD) studies and 14 pre-postnatal development (PPND) studies accrued during 1981-2007. METHODS: Losses were analysed by survival function and hazard ratio using logistic regression for influence of year, study type (e.g., dose duration), ...
Goericke-Pesch Sandra - - 2010
The aim of this study was to test for the efficacy of aglepristone treatment for prevention of early pregnancy in the cat. Eleven cats (Gr. 1) were treated with 10 mg/kg aglepristone on days 5 and 6 after mating, 17 cats (Gr. 2) were used as untreated controls. Blood samples ...
Woclawek-Potocka Izabela - - 2010
We have previously documented synthesis of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in the bovine endometrium and the increased presence of LPA receptor mRNA expression during pregnancy. Therefore, LPA could contribute to early pregnancy establishment in the cow. In the present study, we investigated the effect of intravaginally administered LPA on pregnancy rates ...
Campanile Giuseppe - - 2010
This review brings together information on ovarian physiology in buffaloes including folliculogenesis, ovulation, and the development and function of the corpus luteum. Features of embryonic development are also considered. The buffalo is classified as a short-day breeder but in equatorial zones can show oestrous cycles throughout the year provided that ...
Manal A F - - 2010
An experiment was conducted to examine the effect of feed restriction of young pregnant rabbit does during early (10 days), mid (15 days), and late gestation (20 days) on progesterone level, feed intake, reproductive and productive performance and maternal behaviour. Forty nulliparous rabbit does were classified into four equal groups ...
Schwarz Tomasz - - 2010
The main objective of the study was to determine the number of growing follicles (diameter>or=4 mm) with regards to the distribution of corpora lutea (CL) on the ovaries in pregnant goats. Growing follicles with a diameter greater than 5 mm i.e. large follicles were also recorded and analyzed. Daily ultrasonography ...
Yang L - - 2010
Interferon-tau (IFNT), the pregnancy recognition signal in ruminant species, is secreted by conceptus trophectoderm cells and induces expression of IFN-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) in the uterus and corpus luteum (CL) in ewes. Expression of ISG15 in ovine CL is speculated to be through an endocrine pathway, but it is unclear ...
Blitek A - - 2010
Prostaglandins (PGs) play a pivotal role in maternal recognition of pregnancy and implantation in pigs. In the present study, PGE(2), PGF(2alpha), and PGFM (PGF(2alpha) metabolite) content, as well as PGE(2) synthase (mPGES-1) and PGF(2alpha) synthase (PGFS) expression was investigated in early pregnant gilts with natural (n=21) and PMSG/hCG-stimulated (n=19) estrus. ...
Beindorff Nicola - - 2010
The present study determined vascular changes in the bovine corpus luteum (CL) at Day 16 (early maternal recognition period) and Day 40 in early pregnancy and compared them to the CL from Day 12 and Day 16 of the estrous cycle. The CLs were analyzed in the central and peripheral ...
Garrel Catherine - - 2010
Early pregnancy is susceptible to oxidative stress, and thus characterisation of antioxidant systems and pro- and anti-apoptotic pathways would improve understanding of placental development and function. We aimed, therefore, to determine the activities of the antioxidant enzymes, copper/zinc-superoxide dismutase (SOD1), manganese-SOD (SOD2), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH) peroxidase (GPX) and GSH ...
Hafez Shireen A - - 2010
Maternal and fetal microvasculature was studied in ewes at days 50, 90 and 130 of gestation using microvascular corrosion casting and scanning electron microscopy. Microvascular corrosion casts of caruncles at day 50 were cup-shaped with a centrally located cavity. Branches of radial arteries entered the caruncle from its base and ...
Lueders Imke - - 2010
Early embryonic resorption or fetal loss is known to occur occasionally in captive elephants; however, this has mostly been reported anecdotally. The present study documents the case of a 24-year-old, multiparous Asian elephant cow that suffered embryonic death and resorption at around 18 weeks of gestation. From ovulation onwards, this ...
Chapinal Núria - - 2010
The study housed 120 pregnant sows from Day 29 of pregnancy to 1 week before parturition either in groups of 10 with trickle feeding (TRICKLE) or in groups of 20 with an unprotected electronic sow feeding (FITMIX). The study recorded aggressive interaction on 11 nonconsecutive days. Frequency of aggressive interactions ...
Kandiel Mohamed M M - - 2010
The cellular localization of the inhibin subunits (α, β(A), and β (B)), steroidogenic enzymes (3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3βHSD) and cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450arom) were evaluated in the ovaries of cyclic (n=6) and pregnant (n=2) Shiba goats (Capra Hircus). The immunointensity of inhibin α and β(A) subunits showed an increase in the ...
Ashworth Morgan D - - 2010
The role for endometrial secretion of cytokines during the establishment of pregnancy in a number of mammals is well established. The current study determined endometrial expression of caspase 1 (CASP1) and interleukin-18 (IL18) during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy, and following early estrogen administration, which induces conceptus loss during ...
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