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Fürst Raineur Werner - - 2012
Endocrine disrupting chemicals with estrogenic activity play an important role as obesogens. However, studies investigating the most potent natural estrogen, estradiol-17β (E2), at low dose are lacking. We examined endocrine and physiological parameters in gilts receiving distinct concentrations of E2 during pregnancy. We then investigated whether adverse effects prevail in ...
Waters Thaddeus P - - 2012
In 2009, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released revised pregnancy weight gain guidelines. There are limited data regarding the effect of maternal weight gain on newborn adiposity. The aim of this study was to estimate neonatal fat mass, lean body mass, and percentage body fat according to current Institute of ...
Biesmans Kathleen - - 2012
To describe the gestational month-to-month weight change, obstetric and lifestyle factors influencing postpartum weight retention (PPWR) and to suggest possible interventions to prevent PPWR. This study was part of a larger research project concerning maternal weight change after childbirth. 343 women were recruited on five maternity wards in the Antwerp ...
Diouf Ibrahima - - 2012
The specific role of weight change in the first weeks of gestation in fetal growth has not been fully explored in humans. Our aims were to investigate: (1) the specific association between weight change in the first trimester of pregnancy (WCT1) and size at birth in term pregnancies; and (2) ...
Gallo Linda A - - 2012
Uteroplacental insufficiency is associated with adult cardiorenal and metabolic diseases, particularly in males. Pregnancy is the greatest physiological challenge facing women, and those born small are at increased risk of gestational hypertension and diabetes and delivering smaller babies. Increased maternal age is associated with exacerbated pregnancy complications. We hypothesized that ...
Lindell Gun - - 2012
Objective. To compare the accuracy of fetal weight estimation in large fetuses using four ultrasound formulas. Design. Prospective comparative study. Setting. University Hospital, Lund, Sweden. Population. Large-for-gestational age fetuses (n = 114) at a routine ultrasound examination in the third trimester. Methods. Persson & Weldner two-dimensional formula was compared with Hart et ...
Chang Yao-Lung - - 2012
This study was designed to evaluate the degree of placenta share discordance in relation to the betamethasone-induced return of positive end-diastolic flow in monochorionic twin pregnancies with selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) and abnormal umbilical artery Doppler. Monochorionic twins with sIUGR was defined as one twin having an estimated fetal ...
Begum Fatheema - - 2012
Objective: To describe gestational weight gain during pregnancy, adherence to Health Canada 2010 Gestational Weight Gain Guidelines, and the effects of weight gain on postpartum weight retention in women with different pre-pregnancy body mass indices. Method: Body weight data were collected from women during pregnancy and in the early postpartum ...
Nguyen Thang M - - 2012
Ultrasonographic assessment of fetal growth to estimate fetal weight has been widely used in clinical obstetrics but not in laboratory mice. Even though it is important to assess fetal growth abnormalities for gene-targeting studies using mice, there have been no reports of accurately estimated fetal weight using fetal biometric parameters ...
Liu Bin - - 2012
Aim:  To investigate the relationship between maternal overweight and fetal insulin resistance. Material and Methods:  Nineteen overweight and 30 lean pregnant women were recruited in the present study. Maternal and fetal insulin resistance were determined by measuring sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) concentrations in maternal venous or umbilical cord serum, ...
Dadkhah Farideh - - 2012
Aim:  To evaluate the value of fetal abdominal circumference (AC) measurement in pregnancies at 38-40 weeks of gestation and within 7 days of delivery to predict macrosomia. Material and Methods:  A prospective cohort study was performed on 276 pregnant women who were admitted to the labor ward with gestational age between 38-40 weeks. ...
Qu Xiao-Wu - - 2012
The role of complement in ischemia/reperfusion-induced fetal growth restriction and fetal loss is unknown. C5-deficient or wild type timed-pregnant mice were subjected to unilateral uterine ischemia/reperfusion on gestation day 13, either by (1) partial flow restriction by right ovarian artery clamping for 30 min, or (2) total flow restriction by ...
López-Fontana Constanza M - - 2012
Lactogenesis is a very complex process highly dependent on hormonal regulation. In the present study the time-course of the inhibitory actions of progesterone on prolactin secretion, mammary gland morphology and lactogenesis from mid- to late gestation in rodents was investigated. Groups of pregnant rats were luteectomised or administered with mifepristone ...
Stevens D U - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Decidual vasculopathy (DV) describes pathological findings seen in the spiral arteries in preeclampsia (PE). Morphologically, DV is characterized by fibrinoid necrosis and foamy macrophages within the vessel walls. The impact of the lesions on clinical outcome and placental pathology is unclear. We compared cases with DV to cases without ...
Bloise Enrrico - - 2012
More than 4.5 million children have been conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF). Interestingly, singleton IVF offspring born at term have an increased incidence of low birth weight. The mechanism responsible for the lower birth weight is unknown, but alterations in placental function are possible. Hence, the goal of our ...
Melamed Nir - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of routine fetal biometric indices in the prediction of fetal length and to determine whether more accurate sonographic measures of fetal length can improve the accuracy of fetal weight estimation. The accuracy of the common sonographic fetal biometric indices for ...
Campos P H R F - - 2012
The increasing demand for efficiency in pork production requires great specialization of all sectors involved in this activity. In this context, the development of strategies that could reduce undesirable traits related with negative effects on piglet survival and postnatal growth and development are essential for the pig industry. Currently, special ...
Attardo Geoffrey M - - 2012
Female tsetse flies undergo viviparous reproduction, generating one larva each gonotrophic cycle. Larval nourishment is provided by the mother in the form of milk secretions. The milk consists mostly of lipids during early larval development and shifts to a balanced combination of protein and lipids in the late larval instars. ...
Ouyang Fengxiu - - 2012
Elevated pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), excessive gestational weight gain (GWG), and gestational diabetes (GDM) are known determinants of fetal growth. The role of placental weight is unclear. We aimed to examine the extent to which placental weight mediates the associations of pre-pregnancy BMI, GWG, and GDM with birthweight-for-gestational age, ...
Macias Hector - - 2012
The mammary gland develops through several distinct stages. The first transpires in the embryo as the ectoderm forms a mammary line that resolves into placodes. Regulated by epithelial/mesenchymal interactions, the placodes descend into the underlying mesenchyme and produce the rudimentary ductal structure of the gland present at birth. Subsequent stages ...
Jensen Morten Søndergaard - - 2012
Early delivery and low birth weight are strong predictors of the urogenital anomalies cryptorchidism (undescended testis) and hypospadias. Understanding these associations may lead to important etiologic clues. Therefore, the authors revisited the prevailing hypotheses regarding fetal growth restriction as a risk factor for urogenital anomalies. They studied a population of ...
Ozgüner Gülnur - - 2012
PURPOSE: The present study's purpose was to examine the morphometric development of the suprarenal gland using anatomic dissection methods during the fetal period. METHODS: This study was performed on 172 human fetuses (76 males and 96 females) and 344 fetal suprarenal glands obtained from ages 9-40 weeks of gestation with no ...
Hoving Ll - - 2012
Our objective was to study reproductive consequences of lactation bodyweight loss occurring in primiparous sows with mild feed restriction and to relate these lactation weight losses and its consequences to metabolic profiles during lactation and subsequent early gestation. After weaning, 47 first-litter sows were retrospectively assigned to a high- (HWL, ...
Allan Carolyn - - 2012
One hundred and three obstetric and midwifery staff at a university teaching hospital were surveyed about knowledge and practices with regard to counselling women about appropriate gestational weight gain. Seventy-seven percent of staff reported advising women about weight gain in pregnancy under some circumstances, but only 22% set specific weight ...
Smith Brittni A - - 2012
While most organs undergo development in utero, the mouse mammary gland orchestrates five major developmental stages following birth: pre-puberty, puberty, pregnancy, lactation, and involution. Induced by both local and systemic factors, these five developmental stages transpire with dramatic alterations in glandular morphology and cellular function. As an experimental system, the ...
Crabb Alexandra M - - 2012
To determine if there is a difference in hemoglobin levels in normal-weight patients compared with obese women during the second trimester of pregnancy. This was a retrospective cohort study of hemoglobin levels in the second trimester of pregnancy from 2009 to 2010 in 46 primarily indigent patients (23 normal weight ...
Olivares Jorge Luis - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Iodine is considered to be an essential micronutrient in pregnant women. Iodine placental transport to the embryo-fetus is essential for hormone synthesis and is crucial for nervous system development. However, the relationship between iodine intake and placental weight and its potential implications for the newborn have not been studied. ...
Khouri Nabil A - - 2012
The present study has investigated the effects of Orchis antolica (dose of 400 mg/kg/Body Wight) on female rats reproductive system for two time periods 4 and 12 weeks. Forty adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two treatment and two control groups of 10 rats each. The two treated groups ...
Laporte-Broux Bérengère - - 2012
Feed restriction during pregnancy can have detrimental effects on offspring development both during the juvenile period and during adult life. Long-term effects of maternal feed restriction during the last third of pregnancy on growth, metabolism and behavior of female kids, with a focus on feeding behavior and emotional reactivity, were ...
Goh A Y - - 2012
Background:Acute hearing loss is a distressing albeit rare occurrence in pregnancy. Due to its infrequent presentation, little is known of its cause, and the best management is unclear.Objective:To present a summary of current knowledge regarding sudden hearing loss in pregnancy and its management, by reviewing the published literature.Data sources:The following ...
Tanaka Y - - 2012
In mammals, a prolonged delivery time during parturition is dangerous for both mother and fetus, although the mechanisms that prolong delivery are unclear. To investigate whether nutrition affects delivery time, we administered two feeds containing maintenance (L-feed) or higher (H-feed) levels of energy and protein at different points during the ...
Mewitz M - - 2012
Weight gain during pregnancy is an important parameter that is related to a number of perinatal outcomes. We aimed to analyse the relationships between weight gain during pregnancy, duration of pregnancy, and the somatic classification of the neonates as small, appropriate, or large for gestational age (SGA, AGA, LGA).Data were ...
Basha Asma S - - 2012
Objectives: To assess the accuracy of sonographic fetal weight estimation within 14 days of delivery in a Jordanian population using Hadlock formula 1 in the third trimester. Materials and Methods: Estimated fetal weights and actual fetal weights data were collected from the medical records of pregnant women who had undergone ...
Boupaijit Kuanoon - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare the rates of fetal loss, low birth weight, and preterm birth between pregnancies undergoing cordocentesis at mid-pregnancy with placenta penetration and those without it. METHODS: Consecutive cases of cordocenteses were prospectively recorded. The inclusion criteria for analysis were: (1) singleton pregnancies, (2) no fetal abnormalities, (3) gestational ...
De Carolis S - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the predictive value of serum C3 and C4 complement component levels in relation to pregnancy outcome in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Materials and methods: A prospective study of 47 pregnancies associated with APS was performed. Pregnancy outcome was analyzed in terms of: fetal loss, preterm delivery ...
Brogin Moreli Jusciele - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to review the literature regarding the action of the cytokines interleukin 10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in pregnancy and to emphasize the factors that are of interest to clinical obstetrics. The literature highlights several actions of IL-10 and TNF-α during pregnancy. The ...
Restum Antonio E - - 2012
To evaluate the effects at term of a highly active antiretroviral drug association when administered for the whole period of rat pregnancy. Forty pregnant rats weighing about 200 g were randomly divided into four groups: a control group (Ctr = drug vehicle control, n=10) and three experimental groups, which were ...
Inal Salih - - 2012
Among women with chronic kidney disease, successful pregnancy with a surviving infant is rather rare. Although these pregnancies carry higher risk, with the possibility of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, they can be managed with close monitoring and intense renal replacement therapy. Given the hemodynamic advantages of peritoneal dialysis over ...
Thangaratinam S - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of dietary and lifestyle interventions in pregnancy on maternal and fetal weight and to quantify the effects of these interventions on obstetric outcomes. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Major databases from inception to January 2012 without language restrictions. Randomised controlled trials that evaluated any dietary or lifestyle ...
Avery John W - - 2012
Low birth weight and fetal loss are commonly attributed to malaria in endemic areas, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie these poor birth outcomes are incompletely understood. Increasing evidence suggests that dysregulated hemostasis is important in malaria pathogenesis, but its role in placental malaria (PM), characterized by intervillous ...
Roland Marie Cecilie Paasche - - 2012
Birthweight is used as an indicator of intrauterine growth, and determinants of birthweight are widely studied. Less is known about determinants of deviating patterns of growth in utero. We aimed to study the effects of maternal characteristics on both birthweight and fetal growth in third trimester and introduce placental weight ...
Verbeek Else - - 2012
Low food availability leading to reductions in Body Condition Score (BCS; 0 indicates emaciation and 5 obesity) in sheep often coincides with low temperatures associated with the onset of winter in New Zealand. The ability to adapt to reductions in environmental temperature may be impaired in animals with low BCS, ...
Fadupin G T - - 2011
Maternal weight gain is an important predictor of pregnancy outcome. Pregnancy in adolescence is a major health challenge because it is associated with high risk. Few studies have been carried out on the influence of weight gain in adolescent pregnancy outcome in Nigeria. This study determines the influence of maternal ...
Woo Gregory W - - 2011
Placental mesenchymal dysplasia is a benign condition that can be confused with a molar pregnancy by ultrasound scanning and gross examination. Conservative management should be considered with a normal-appearing singleton fetus and a cystic-appearing placenta. We present a case of placental mesenchymal dysplasia with a favorable outcome.
Starikov Roman - - 2011
: Placental mesenchymal dysplasia is a rare abnormality characterized by placentomegaly, grapelike cystic vesicles, and villous hyperplasia. The clinical and ultrasonographic presentation may mimic molar pregnancy, provoking incorrect diagnoses and unnecessary therapeutic interventions. : A 36-year-old nulliparous woman presented for prenatal ultrasonography that indicated the presence of one gestational sac ...
Ugwuja E I - - 2011
Lead toxicity has been reported to affect hematopoietic, nervous, reproductive, cardiovascular and urinary tract systems. Many investigators have so far studied the effects of high blood lead levels on pregnancy outcomes. To investigate the effects of elevated maternal blood lead during pregnancy on some trace elements and pregnancy outcomes. Blood ...
Azar Zahra Fardi - - 2011
Changes of cervical ultrasonographic physical parameters and their association with outcome of cerclage have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed at evaluating association between ultrasonographic physical cervical shapes before and after McDonald cerclage with the length of pregnancy. Cervical length, width and funneling rate were assessed by transvaginal ultrasonography ...
Monte Santo - - 2011
Obesity has become a serious global public health issue and has consequences for nearly all areas of medicine. Within obstetrics, obesity not only has direct implications for the health of a pregnancy but also impacts on the weight of the child in infancy and beyond. As such, maternal weight may ...
Michel E - - 2011
Assessment of gestational age and parturition date prediction is a challenging, yet common task in clinical management of the pregnant bitch or queen. Knowing the approximate parturition date is essential for a thorough pregnancy monitoring. Radiographic and ultrasonographic methods are suitable in bitches and queens. In the bitch, moreover, ovulation ...
Knapczyk-Stwora K - - 2011
The uterus is a well-known target of endocrine, paracrine and autocrine acting molecules among which steroid hormones are of special importance. The objective of our work was to localize oestrogen receptors (ERα and ERβ) mRNA and protein in the pig uterus throughout pregnancy (10, 18, 32, 50, 71, 90 days post ...
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