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Ramphul M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Trinity College Dublin, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
To determine whether the use of ultrasound can reduce the incidence of incorrect diagnosis of the fetal head position at instrumental delivery and subsequent morbidity. Two-arm, parallel, randomised trial, conducted from June 2011 to December 2012. Two maternity hospitals in the Republic of Ireland. A cohort of 514 nulliparous women ...
Cohen Wayne R WR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona, - - 2014
Evaluate performance of external electronic fetal heart rate and uterine contraction monitoring according to maternal body mass index. Secondary analysis of prospective equivalence study. Three US urban teaching hospitals. Sample Seventy-four parturients with a normal term pregnancy. The parent study assessed performance of two methods of external fetal heart rate ...
Nanni Michela M Department of Obstetrics, S. Orsola-Malpighi General Hospital, University of Bologna, - - 2014
To investigate the reproducibility of 3D ultrasound to measure the fetal nasal bone (NB) at first trimester. A group of singleton viable pregnancies attending the 11-13 + 6 weeks aneuplody screening at the University of Bologna were prospectively selected. For each patient fetal NB was measured by 2D ultrasound. Subsequently a 3D ultrasound ...
Peters Rosalind M RM College of Nursing, Wayne State University, 5557 Cass Avenue-Room 358, Detroit, MI, - - 2014
Significant racial disparities exist in pregnancy outcomes, but few researchers have examined the relationship between trust in providers and pregnancy outcomes. The Trust in Physician Scale (TPS), the most widely used tool, has not been tested in pregnancy. We assessed the psychometric properties of the TPS and identified correlates of ...
Sartor Agnès A AP-HP, Hôpital Robert Debré; Université Paris Diderot - Sorbonne Paris Cité, Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, Inserm U676, Paris, - - 2013
To determine the reproducibility, the inter-hemispheric difference and the reference ADC values of the fetal brain according to gestational age. 101 normal fetal brain (29.4 to 38.4 weeks) were analysed with DWI. ADC was measured in frontal (FWM), occipital white matter (OWM), Centrum Semi Ovale (CSO), basal ganglia (BG), cerebellar ...
Matsuzaki Masayo - - 2014
To assess the psychometric properties of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) for women who read and speak Japanese. This longitudinal study used a self-report questionnaire and quantitative biometric and instrumental measurements (actigraph) to assess the reliability and criterion validity. A university hospital in Tokyo, Japan. Sixty-nine pregnant women living ...
Gijtenbeek M - - 2013
Can reliable size charts of human embryonic brain structures be created from three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) visualizations? Reliable size charts of human embryonic brain structures can be created from high-quality images. Previous studies on the visualization of both the cavities and the walls of the brain compartments were performed using 2D-US, ...
Hutti Marianne H - - 2013
To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Perinatal Grief Intensity Scale (PGIS) for identifying a woman's grief intensity in the immediate subsequent pregnancy after a miscarriage, stillbirth, or neonatal death. A web-based approach was used to collect data from 227 pregnant women after each woman had experienced a perinatal ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine normative data for fetal cisterna magna length (CML) measurement in a Brazilian population. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study on 3,862 normal singleton pregnancies between the 18th and 24th weeks of pregnancy. Fetal CML was measured in the axial plane of the ...
Roh Hyun-Jin - - 2013
Objectives- Cervical length assessment is helpful to predict and prevent preterm birth. However, transvaginal sonography is not easy to perform. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship and discrepancies between cervical lengths measured by transabdominal and transvaginal sonography in midpregnancy. Methods- Transabdominal and transvaginal cervical lengths were ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine reference values for the fetal cisterna magna volume by three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) using the virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL) method. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 224 healthy pregnant women between 17 to 29 completed weeks. Measurement of the fetal cisterna magna volume was performed ...
Youssef Aly - - 2013
To assess the intermethod agreement between two- (2D) and three dimensional (3D) transperineal ultrasound methods in measuring a new index of fetal head station (the fetal head-symphysis distance; HSD) in active labor, and to assess potential factors that may affect the agreement between the latter two methods. The fetal head-symphysis ...
Acmaz Gokhan G Gokhan Acmaz, MD, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kayseri Training and Education Hospital of Medicine, Kayseri, - - 2013
Objective : There is an increasing rate of ectopic pregnancy with the use of assisted reproductive techniques. There is currently no serum test to differentiate ectopic pregnancy from miscarriage. Early and accurate detection of ectopic pregnancy may prevent the development of complications. The aim of this study was whether the ...
Bell Ruth - - 2013
Increased physical activity in pregnancy may reduce the risk of gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia, which occur more commonly in overweight and obese women. There is limited assessment of physical activity questionnaires in pregnancy. This study compares self-reported physical activity using two questionnaire methods with objectively recorded physical activity using accelerometry ...
Doubilet Peter M - - 2013
Objectives- To assess the interobserver agreement, frequency of occurrence, and prognostic importance of the double sac sign (DSS), intradecidual sign (IDS), and other sonographic findings in early intrauterine pregnancies. Methods- We retrospectively identified all sonograms obtained between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2011, in which: (1) the scan demonstrated ...
K Agrawal - - 2013
Background: Pregnancy is accompanied by profound alterations in the thyroid economy and the relative iodine deficiency. The median Urinary Iodine Excretion (UIE) is the most reliable indicator of the population's iodine nutrition. The physiological alterations in normal pregnancy, such as an increased glomerular filtration rate, potentially invalidate UIE as an ...
Barra Daniela A DA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo (DGO-FMRP-USP), Ribeirao Preto, - - 2013
Our aim was to determine whether rotating the fetus over its largest axis and reducing the rotational step angle can improve reliability/agreement of fetal volume measurements obtained with three-dimensional ultrasonography (3-DUS). Two observers acquired three 3-DUS data sets for a fetus with a crown-rump length between 45 and 84 mm. These ...
Ip J K - - 2013
The importance of minimising aortocaval compression during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in late pregnancy is widely accepted. Current European guidelines suggest employing manual displacement of the uterus with left lateral tilt to achieve this. Several methods for producing lateral tilt have been described; however, the optimum method is unknown. By performing simulated ...
Brown Richard N - - 2013
Introduction: Cisterna magna (CM) measurement constitutes part of the sonographic assessment of the posterior fossa. CM enlargement (ECM) is defined as a measurement exceeding 10 mm, although it has previously been noted that the CM varies in size with gestation. Existing data do not appear to reflect observations regarding CM ...
Alves Cynthia Maria Soares - - 2013
Objectives To determine reference ranges for measurements of fetal cerebral fissures by 3-dimensional (3D) sonography in the multiplanar mode and to evaluate the reliability and concordance of these measurements. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 393 women with normal pregnancies at 22 weeks to 33 weeks 6 days. The ...
Melere Cristiane - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate dietary quality in a sample of pregnant women based on one simple and objective parameter. METHODS: Pregnant women (n = 712), between 16 and 36 weeks, attending primary care clinics in Porto Alegre and Bento Gonçalves, Southern Brazil, in 2010 were recruited to take part. The Healthy ...
Foxcroft Katie F - - 2013
Physical symptoms are common in pregnancy and are predominantly associated with normal physiological changes. These symptoms have a social and economic cost, leading to absenteeism from work and additional medical interventions. There is currently no simple method for identifying common pregnancy related problems in the antenatal period. A validated tool, ...
Bonilla-Musoles F F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Valencia, School of Medicine, Valencia, Spain. - - 2013
A prospective study of 63 singleton pregnancies between 11 + 0 and 13 + 6 weeks gestation underwent semi-automatic nuchal translucency (NT) measurement and were compared with two-dimensional ultrasonography (2D US). Inter-observer variation and the repeatability were evaluated. Sono T automatically achieves mid-sagittal plane views and measures the maximum NT ...
Fruscalzo A A Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mathias-Spital Rheine, Frankenburgstraße 31, 48431 Rheine, Germany ; Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Franziskus Hospital, Hohenzollernring 72, 48145 Münster, - - 2013
Aim. Feasibility and reliability of tissue Doppler imaging-(TDI-) based elastography for cervical quantitative stiffness assessment during all three trimesters of pregnancy were evaluated. Materials and Methods. Prospective case-control study including seventy-four patients collected between the 12th and 42nd weeks of gestation. The tissue strain (TS) was measured by two independent ...
Lurie Samuel - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To assess mode of subsequent delivery in women with previous instrumental vaginal delivery. Study design: In this retrospective longitudinal study we followed women who underwent instrumental delivery. The study group included all consecutive parturient women who underwent an instrumental vaginal delivery during a 24-month period (1996-1999). We then ...
Overbeek A - - 2013
To what degree do records registered in the Netherlands Perinatal Registry (PRN) agree with self-report in a study questionnaire on pregnancy outcomes in childhood cancer survivors (CCSs)? This study suggests that self-reported pregnancy outcomes of CCSs agree well with registry data and that outcomes reported by CCSs agree better with ...
Epstein Aaron J - - 2012
Objective To evaluate the interobserver reliability of fetal heart rate (FHR) pattern definition and interpretation assessed by physicians at various levels of training using standard Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) definitions and standard principles of interpretation.Study Design We conducted an interrater reliability study of the ...
Youssef Aly - - 2012
Objectives: To assess the reproducibility of a new sonographic index of fetal station in labor: the fetal head symphysis distance (HSD) using three-dimensional ultrasound, and its correlation with digital assessment of fetal head descent and with the angle of progression (AoP). Methods: Three dimensional (3D) ultrasound volumes were acquired from ...
Wang Nan - - 2012
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy, agreement, and reliability of 4-dimensional sonography using spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) in fetal cardiac measurements during the second and third trimesters. Methods- Four-dimensional cardiac STIC volumes were acquired from 150 low-risk singleton pregnancies at gestational ages of 18 to ...
Tomsin K - - 2012
It has been reported that cardiac contractility is altered in pre-eclampsia compared with normal pregnancy. Because of the non-invasive nature of impedance cardiography (ICG), this method is gaining popularity in the obstetric field. We assessed the reliability of ICG measurements in uncomplicated 3rd trimester pregnancies (UP) and pre-eclamptic pregnancies (PE). ...
Cogan Alexandra - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Induction of labour after a previous caesarean section is still controversial. We aim to analyse, in a population of women who have a uterine scar, the maternal, foetal and neonatal complications in relation to the mode of labour and delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of collected data from all ...
Poulain Marine - - 2012
Context:The 21-hydroxylase deficiency is the most common cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Pregnant women presenting a risk of genetic transmission may be treated with synthetic glucocorticoids such as dexamethasone (DEX) to prevent female fetus virilization.Objective:The aim of this study was to assess the potential deleterious effects of DEX exposure on ...
Chen Yuan-Hua - - 2012
LPS is associated with adverse developmental outcomes, including preterm delivery, fetal death, teratogenicity, and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Previous reports showed that zinc protected against LPS-induced teratogenicity. In the current study, we investigated the effects of zinc supplementation during pregnancy on LPS-induced preterm delivery, fetal death and IUGR. All pregnant ...
Koch Cândida - - 2012
The assessment of well-being can be an important parameter in monitoring the process of mourning. In this study we sought to assess the applicability of the W-BQ12 - Well-Being Questionnaire - in a sample consisting of 74 women between four and six weeks following their respective pregnancy losses, analyzing its ...
Torricelli Michela - - 2012
Postterm pregnancy represents a condition associated with trophoblast apoptosis. Kisspeptin is a peptide able to induce apoptosis by a specific receptor, GPR54, through the upregulation of proapoptotic genes. The aims of the study were to evaluate (1) the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of kisspeptin, GPR54, Bax/Bcl2, and p21 in postterm ...
Chen Baosheng - - 2012
The human placenta is key to pregnancy outcome, and the elevated oxidative stress present in many complicated pregnancies contributes to placental dysfunction and suboptimal pregnancy outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that pomegranate juice, which is rich in polyphenolic antioxidants, limits placental trophoblast injury in vivo and in vitro. Pregnant women ...
Longtine M S - - 2012
Human placental villi are surfaced by an outer multinucleated syncytiotrophoblast and underlying mononucleated cytotrophoblasts. Conflicting data have attributed one, or the other, of these villous trophoblast phenotypes to undergo enhanced apoptosis in complicated pregnancies, compared to term, normotensive pregnancies. We use high-resolution confocal microscopy after co-staining for E-cadherin, as a ...
Chung Eunhee - - 2012
Although the signaling pathways underlying exercise-induced cardiac adaptation have been extensively studied, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that result in the response of the heart to pregnancy. The objective of this study was to define the morphological, functional, and gene expression patterns that define the hearts of pregnant ...
Maloyan A - - 2012
Pregnancy is a state of oxidative stress, which becomes exaggerated under pathological conditions, such as preeclampsia, IUGR, diabetes and obesity, where placental mitochondrial dysfunction is observed. The majority of investigations utilize isolated mitochondria when measuring mitochondrial activity in placenta. However, this does not provide a complete physiological readout of mitochondrial ...
Yamoah Kofi Kwenu - - 2012
The coexistence of intrauterine and ectopic pregnancy (heterotopic pregnancy) occurs in 1/30 000 of spontaneous pregnancies. However, it is getting more common at 1/900 in clomiphene citrate-induced pregnancies and rises to 1% in assisted reproduction. It is a potentially life-threatening condition with diagnostic and therapeutic complexities. Our patient is a 40-year-old ...
Yurdakul Ziya - - 2012
Objective: The cause of meconium stained amniotic fluid in term healthy pregnancies is not clearly understood yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the placental ultrastructural changes and placental apoptosis in pregnancies complicated with meconium stained amniotic fluid. Material and Method: The study group was composed of mothers ...
Palacios-Marqués Ana - - 2012
Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a reversible neurological emergency caused by thiamine deficiency. Prolonged vomiting in pregnancy results in thiamine depletion. The early recognition of its clinical signs and symptoms is essential to establish the suspected diagnosis and can be confirmed by MRI. Prompt administration of thiamine is important for preventing ...
van den Hooven Edith H - - 2012
Air pollution exposure during pregnancy might have trimester-specific effects on fetal growth. We prospectively evaluated the associations of maternal air pollution exposure with fetal growth characteristics and adverse birth outcomes in 7,772 subjects in the Netherlands. Particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter < 10 μm (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) ...
Murphy Deirdre J - - 2012
Instrumental deliveries are commonly performed in the United Kingdom and Ireland, with rates of 12 - 17% in most centres. Knowing the exact position of the fetal head is a pre-requisite for safe instrumental delivery. Traditionally, diagnosis of the fetal head position is made on transvaginal digital examination by delineating ...
Kuypers Elke - - 2012
Chorioamnionitis is associated with preterm delivery and involution of the fetal thymus. Women at risk of preterm delivery receive antenatal corticosteroids which accelerate fetal lung maturation and improve neonatal outcome. However, the effects of antenatal corticosteroids on the fetal thymus in the settings of chorioamnionitis are largely unknown. We hypothesized ...
Namusoke Fatuma - - 2012
Malaria in pregnancy is a major health problem that can cause maternal anaemia, stillbirth, spontaneous abortion, low birth weight and intra-uterine stunting. The WHO recommends use of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy (IPTp) in endemic areas. Towards monitoring and assessing IPTp coverage in the population, ...
El-Mousleh Tarek T Department of Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Faculty, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany. - - 2012
Heme Oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been shown to play a pivotal role in pregnancy outcome and its ablation leads to abnormal placentation, intrauterine fetal growth restriction (IUGR) and subsequent intrauterine fetal death. Carbon monoxide (CO) has been found to mimic the protective effects of HO-1 activity, rescuing HO-1-deficient fetuses. This gasotransmitter ...
Palladino Christie Lancaster - - 2011
To estimate the rates of pregnancy-associated homicide and suicide in a multistate sample from the National Violent Death Reporting System, to compare these rates with other causes of maternal mortality, and to describe victims' demographic characteristics. We analyzed data from female victims of reproductive age from 2003 to 2007. We ...
Chumak Elena L - - 2011
The association between maternal anemia and pregnancy outcomes has been investigated in many epidemiological studies, but the findings remain inconsistent. In our previous study based on the Kola Birth Registry (KBR), we observed that maternal anemia defined as hemoglobin concentration below 120 g/l was negatively associated with the risk of ...
Mbah Alfred K - - 2011
AIMS: We used propensity scores matching techniques to assess the association between maternal cocaine abuse in pregnancy and the occurrence of placenta-associated syndromes (PAS). STUDY DESIGN: Mothers who abused cocaine (n=5026) were matched to controls (n=5026) from a sample of 1,693,197, unexposed mothers in Florida from 1998 to 2007. Cocaine ...
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