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Results 301 - 350 of 475
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ZimoĊ„ T - - 1998
The authors have analysed the frequency and structure of congenital anomalies in children born in the Pomeranian district in the period from 01.07.1997 to 31.12.1998. Among a total of 28.361 births in that area, 748 (2.64%) were affected by congenital anomalies. Among 28.361 births, 620 (2.18%) were from multiple pregnancies. ...
Meng L J - - 1997
The concentrations in serum of sulfated metabolites of progesterone are known to be elevated in patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). The profiles of these metabolites and conjugated bile acids were analyzed in serum from 11 patients with ICP before and during administration of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) (8 patients) ...
Palma J - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intense pruritus and the risk of stillbirths and premature deliveries justify the search for an effective pharmacologic treatment of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. This study was designed to test the efficacy of ursodeoxycholic acid in maternal pruritus, the biochemical abnormalities and the outcome of pregnancy, in patients with intrahepatic ...
Matsuda Y - - 1997
Spontaneous liver rupture has been reported during pregnancy secondary to severe pregnancy-induced hypertension, eclampsia or syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP). Here we report a case diagnosed using CO2 intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography in an uncomplicated pregnancy. A 33-year-old Chinese woman at 39 weeks' gestation ...
Leevy C B - - 1997
Four Puerto Rican sisters had recurrent prolonged cholestasis of pregnancy without preexisting or intercurrent hepatic disorders. Available information was reviewed on the course, mechanism, and sequelae of prolonged recurrent cholestasis after 14 pregnancies in the 4 sisters. Etiologic, clinical, laboratory, radiological, and morphological studies of the liver and biliary tract ...
Kumar S - - 1997
Previous estimates of maternal and fetal placental and nonplacental clearances in pregnant sheep using a two-compartment open model have revealed higher values of fetal placental clearance (CLfm) compared to the maternal placental clearance (CLmf) for most drugs. This includes the antihistamine diphenhydramine (DPHM), which also has the highest weight-corrected fetal ...
Reyes H - - 1997
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is characterized by skin pruritus and a biochemical cholestasis of mild to moderate severity appearing during pregnancy (mainly in the third trimester) and disappearing after delivery. It recurs in 40-60% of future pregnancies. The intensity of pruritus and the laboratory alterations (increased serum bile salts and ...
Dinsmoor M J - - 1997
The six agents identified thus far that cause viral hepatitis are reviewed, and their impact upon pregnancy is described. Although it is the most common cause of jaundice during pregnancy, viral hepatitis does not generally increase the risk of pregnancy complications, nor is it teratogenic. Vertical transmission of some types ...
Yaziji H - - 1997
Hepatitis due to herpes simplex virus (HSV) is unusual in healthy individuals. To date, only 56 cases of HSV hepatitis in adult patients have been reported, including 21 pregnant patients. We describe a 25-year-old white woman in her 30th week of gestation who had progressive acute hepatitis. Histologic examination of ...
Yotsumoto G - - 1997
We report herein a case of spontaneous subcapsular hepatic hemorrhage which occurred in a 33-year-old woman 1 day after she had been delivered of her second child by cesarean section following an uneventful pregnancy. She complained of right upper quadrant pain on the 1st postoperative day, and computed tomography (CT) ...
Dyall-Smith D - - 1996
An indian woman presented with crateriform and pearly papules along the lines of transgredience of the hands and feet. Her father and an older sister are similarly affected. Histology showed hyperkeratosis and elastorrhexis. The differential diagnosis of acrokeratoelastoidosis includes focal acral hyperkeratosis. The current classification of marginal papular acrokeratodermas is ...
Alvaro D - - 1996
A case study of a severe cholestatic syndrome induced by danazol, with ultrastructural description of liver morphology, is reported. Cholestasis appeared after 3 months treatment with danazol (300 mg/daily) and completely resolved 2 months after withdrawal. In spite of the severe increase in serum bilirubin and total serum bile salts, ...
Wolf J L - - 1996
The liver is one of the many organs affected by the physiologic and hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. Hepatic disorders diagnosed before pregnancy may be unaffected or exacerbated by the pregnant state. Liver disorders that are specific to pregnancy, including hyperemesis gravidarum, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, acute fatty liver ...
Floreani A - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). METHODS: Twenty patients in the last trimester of pregnancy were randomly assigned to receive either SAMe (1000 mg/day i.m.) or UDCA (450 mg/day) until delivery; the treatment lasted at least 15 days ...
Achiron R - - 1996
The clinical significance of sonographically detected fetal hepatic hyperechogenicities has not been fully established. The aim of this study was to assess various aspects of fetal hepatic hyperechogenicities detected in utero, including natural history, prenatal investigation and pregnancy outcome. In a retrospective survey of pregnant women presenting to the ultrasonographic ...
De Arcos F - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of toxic hepatitis associated with the use of ritodrine in pregnancy. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: A large teaching hospital in Barcelona, Spain. PATIENTS: One hundred and twenty-three consecutive pregnant women, 101 singleton and 22 multiple pregnancies, receiving intravenous ritodrine with normal transaminase levels prior ...
Bates W D - - 1996
Hepatitis B-associated glomerulonephritis is a relatively common cause of nephrotic syndrome in endemic areas affecting especially male children. When this disease affects girls or women, both the glomerular disease and the hepatitis B carrier state could affect subsequent pregnancies. This may be the first reported case of such a pregnancy. ...
Aloi F - - 1995
A 40-year-old woman had a speckled lentiginous nevus on her thigh since birth. During her first pregnancy, additional papules and nodules appeared within the preexisting hyperpigmented area, histologic examination of which showed features of both junctional and compound Spitz's nevi accompanied by simple lentigolike changes. In this particular case, speckled ...
Davies M H - - 1995
Cholestasis of pregnancy is associated with increased fetal morbidity and mortality and should be treated actively. The significance attached to pruritus in pregnancy is often minimal, but it is a cardinal symptom of cholestasis of pregnancy, which may have no other clinical features. Eight women with previous cholestasis of pregnancy ...
Roobottom C A - - 1995
A total of 75 fasted healthy normal volunteers were examined during various stages of pregnancy. Examinations were performed in a supine position using an Acuson 128 ultrasound scanner with a 3.5 MHz transducer. Doppler interrogation of the middle hepatic vein was made during quiet respiration by one of three examiners. ...
Runmarker B - - 1995
The effects of pregnancy were studied in a multiple sclerosis incidence cohort. In order to eliminate interaction bias between the disease and pregnancy, analysis of the risk of relapse during pregnancy and the puerperium was limited to the onset bout, using fecundity figures for Sweden. The risk of onset bout ...
Gopinath R A - - 1995
Multiplicity M, K-regular, orthonormal wavelet bases (that have implications in transform coding applications) have previously been constructed by several authors. The paper describes and parameterizes the cosine-modulated class of multiplicity M wavelet tight frames (WTFs). In these WTFs, the scaling function uniquely determines the wavelets. This is in contrast to ...
Davies M H - - 1994
Sulphation of oestrogens and monohydroxy bile acids is important in attenuating their cholestatic potential. Thus, impairment of sulphation could lead to retention of cholestatic compounds and precipitate intrahepatic cholestasis in susceptible individuals. We tested the hypothesis that such a mechanism may be involved in the pathogenesis of intrahepatic cholestasis of ...
Ries M - - 1994
We report on a patient with atresia of the colon transversum and a large meconium pseudocyst adherent to the liver. Sonography additionally revealed multiple cystic structures due to intrahepatic meconium masses. Surgical evacuation of the meconium pseudocyst resulted in massive diffuse hemorrhage from the liver which could not be stopped. ...
Imagawa D K - - 1994
Primary angiomyolipoma of the liver is a rare entity with fewer than 40 cases described in the English literature. Primary hepatic tumors diagnosed during pregnancy are also rare with adenomas, hemangiomas, and hepatocellular carcinoma having been described. This article reports a patient who was diagnosed with a large liver mass ...
Tan C E - - 1994
In biliary atresia, inflammation and destruction of extrahepatic and intrahepatic bile ducts with eventual fibrous obliteration occurs, causing neonatal obstructive jaundice. The onset of the disorder may start antenatally and progress after birth, and the porta hepatis is a constant site of involvement. To date, little is known about the ...
Grosheide P M - - 1994
From 1982 to 1989, pregnant women in two large city hospitals in The Netherlands had serum samples screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Infants of mothers found to be HBsAg-positive received hepatitis B immune globulin immediately after birth and hepatitis B vaccine in the first year of life. Blood ...
Lefor A T - - 1994
We have created a technique of laparoscopic wedge biopsy of the liver that uses the Endo-GIA instrument. Two staple lines are placed at right angles on the edge of the liver to release a wedge of hepatic parenchyma. We have used this technique as part of a laparoscopic staging procedure ...
Riely C A - - 1994
Liver disease occurring in pregnancy can be categorized into three groups. The first group includes diseases unique to pregnancy and caused by it. Among these are hyperemesis gravidarum, cholestasis of pregnancy, and disorders associated with preeclampsia. Liver involvement may be expected in 50% of patients with hyperemesis gravidarum. Preeclampsia has ...
Stainforth J - - 1994
Dermatofibromata are common benign dermal tumours of unknown aetiology. They usually present as a single lesion on the limbs of young adults. Multiple dermatofibromata have been reported occurring in patients with autoimmune disease, who were receiving immunosuppressive treatment. A 25-year-old female is reported who developed multiple dermatofibromata during her first ...
Hachey D L - - 1994
Only a few of the advantages of stable isotopes have been illustrated here. However, two valuable concepts have emerged in recent years; (1) the use of multiple isotopomers for comprehensive studies of a nutrient system, and (2) the use of multiple tracers for parallel investigations of different metabolic systems. These ...
Moen M D - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Hepatic rupture during pregnancy has a high rate of maternal and fetal mortality. Most cases occur as a complication of severe pregnancy-induced hypertension, and maternal survival has been highest in patients managed with conservative surgical therapy. CASE: A woman in late pregnancy experienced hepatic rupture associated with cocaine use. ...
Roullet E - - 1993
The relationship between pregnancy and multiple sclerosis (MS) was assessed in a clinic-based, prospectively followed, population of 125 patients with a remittent onset of MS who had been followed for a mean (SD) of 10.3 (0.1) years. Thirty three women had a total of 49 pregnancies of which 32 had ...
Sjogren M H - - 1993
Although liver disease during pregnancy is a rare event, it can have devastating effects on the mother and the child. This article reviews diseases uniquely associated to pregnancy, such as fatty liver of pregnancy, toxemia, and others. It also details new advances in diseases such as viral hepatitis and pregnancy ...
Hsu S D - - 1993
Maternal malnutrition late in pregnancy results in the reduced storage of fetal hepatic glycogen in the final days of gestation and an accentuation of normal birth-related hypoglycemia. It was of interest to determine whether or not low glycogen levels resulted when maternal malnutrition disrupted the normal ontogeny of fetal hepatic ...
Kinoshita K - - 1993
A 33-year-old woman, gravida 4, was seen at 9 weeks' gestation. The patient had experienced hepatic infarction during her first pregnancy and had repeated hepatic infarction during her third pregnancy. A diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome was made. The patient was maintained on a regimen of prednisolone and aspirin and was ...
Olsson R - - 1993
Cholestatic jaundice of pregnancy is generally a self-limiting condition that occurs in the last trimester and disappears within 1-2 weeks after delivery. The cases of two women who developed severe intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy are presented. After delivery, pruritus and jaundice increased and the maximal level of bilirubin reached 500 ...
Hirvioja M L - - 1993
We report three sisters with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and the pedigree of the family, including six generations. ICP was observed in five successive generations; most of the patients also had cholelithiasis. The uniform expression, the complete penetrance of the trait and the direct parent-to-child transmission support the Mendelian ...
Hsieh M H - - 1993
The checkerboard dilution test is widely used for evaluation of in vitro synergy for multiple drugs, although problems in performance, standardization, and interpretation have been noted. A major problem inherent in this commonly used method is the use of twofold dilutions for the antibiotic concentrations. We evaluated an alternative method ...
Cohen R A - - 1993
We investigated the relationship between the Kurtzke expanded disability status scale (EDSS) and an activities of daily living (ADL) scale that assesses disability across multiple functional domains based on self report of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Forty-three patients with definite MS responded on a 42-item ADL inventory and were ...
Hess P P - - 1993
Versatility of immunoassay reagents is beneficial to laboratories seeking cost-effective combinations of tests and automated instrumentation. In such cases, both immunoassay analytical performance and instrument independence must be assessed. Considering this, we determined the compatibility of a new carbamazepine EMIT 2000 reagent system with two fully automated but different kinetic ...
Small A C - - 1993
A foal, small and jaundiced from birth, succumbed after two months to chronic hepatic damage which was characterised by fibrosis, biliary ductular hyperplasia and the presence of pleomorphic hepatocytes containing either a single large nucleus or multiple nuclei. The fixed liver contained sulfur-bound pyrroles, which are derived from pyrrolizidine alkaloids. ...
Hughes J L - - 1993
The size and number of hepatic peroxisomes was investigated in 16 control paediatric liver biopsies from patients ranging in age from 3 months to 18 years one fetal liver specimen and one paediatric autopsy liver. The area, diameter, volume density (Vv), numerical density (Nv) and surface density (Sv) of the ...
Medhat A - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical outcome of pregnancy and vertical transmission of acute viral hepatitis in pregnancy. METHODS: Forty-eight pregnant patients with acute viral hepatitis were evaluated clinically and by abdominal ultrasonography. Serological studies for hepatitis markers were performed using radioimmunoassay. The results were evaluated using Student's t-test and tests ...
Nagy Z - - 1993
To remove multiple calyceal stones percutaneously is not a simple task. During the act of dilating the pierced channel the stones are apt to drift away towards other parts of the renal cavitary system. For avoidance we recommend the use of Pyeloform, a bicomponent synthetic compound in which chemical reaction ...
Cramer S D - - 1992
The regulation of hepatic GH receptor (GHR) and serum GH-binding protein (GHBP) during pregnancy in the mouse was investigated by manipulating the number of conceptuses carried by the dam. Animals carrying 1-4 conceptuses had significantly lower amounts of hepatic GHR (GH-binding activity) than mice carrying 10-13 conceptuses on days 9 ...
Mishra L - - 1992
Jaundice during pregnancy may be the result either of disease uniquely associated with the pregnant state or disease totally unrelated to the pregnancy. In the United States, the most common cause of jaundice in pregnant women is viral hepatitis. With the exception of hepatitis E virus infection, the clinical course ...
Reyes H - - 1992
A mild form of intrahepatic cholestasis is an infrequent complication of pregnancy, with a spontaneous cure almost immediately after delivery and that often recurs in future pregnancies. Pruritus alters maternal well-being, and a subclinical steatorrhea may impair the patient's nutritional status; otherwise, it is a mild disease in the mother, ...
Gillam D G - - 1992
2 strontium chloride hexahydrate-containing dentifrices (SCH), similar except for their respective abrasive systems, diatomaceous earth or silica-based, were compared for their effects on plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation as part of a 2-month randomised double-blind parallel clinical study. No attempt was made to change the patients' oral hygiene prior to ...
Vatnick I - - 1992
Ontogeny of fetal hepatic and placental growth and in vitro oxygen consumption (VO2) was investigated in fetal lambs at 75, 100, and 136 days postconception. Fetal hepatic relative weight and placental absolute and relative weights declined during this period. Oxygen consumption per gram dry weight of fetal liver and maternal ...
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