Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 470
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Gharakhanian Editte - - 2005
The SV40 capsid is composed of pentameric capsomeres of Vp1. We have previously shown that disulfide linkages at Vp1 Cys9, Cys104, and Cys207 are essential in formation of infectious virions. Here, the role of the remaining four cysteines was explored. Single, double, and quadruple cys --> ser mutant genomes at ...
Dann Anthony T - - 2004
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pregnancy-specific liver disease associated with poor maternal and fetal outcome. The diagnosis is based on pruritus with abnormal liver function in the absence of other pathological conditions. However, pruritus in pregnancy is common, and it may be the only presenting feature in ICP. ...
Webster George J M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hepatic ischemia associated with coarctation of the aorta has not previously been reported in an adult; pregnancy increases the pressure gradient across a coarctation. CASE: A young woman with known coarctation of the aorta developed severe hepatic ischemia in pregnancy. A pregnancy-induced increase in the mean pressure gradient across ...
Kunito Takashi - - 2004
Concentrations of trace elements (V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Rb, Sr, Mo, Ag, Cd, Sb, Cs, Ba, T-Hg, Org-Hg, Tl and Pb) were determined in liver samples of estuarine dolphin (Sotalia guianensis; n = 20), Franciscana dolphin (Pontoporia blainvillei; n = 23), Atlantic spotted dolphin ...
Macias Rocio I R - - 2005
Transient latent cholestasis in young rats born from mothers with obstructive cholestasis during pregnancy (OCP) has been reported. The cause of this congenital impairment and the long-term effect on the pups of treating their mothers with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) during pregnancy were investigated. Complete biliary obstruction was imposed on day ...
Schumann Roman - - 2004
Pruritus, an early symptom of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, may be severe. Conventional treatment includes ursodeoxycholic acid and cholestyramine. Ondansetron, a 5-hydroxytryptamine 3 receptor antagonist antiemetic, has been shown to reduce pruritus of different etiologies including cholestasis. We now report the successful preoperative use of ondansetron in a patient with ...
Glantz Anna - - 2004
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), characterized by pruritus in the second half of pregnancy, entails an increased risk to the fetus. This study was designed to determine the incidence and fetal complication rates in ICP, and to define groups at increased risk. In an prospective cohort study conducted between February ...
Samuel Douglas - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) may run an aggressive clinical course if untreated. The influence of pregnancy on AIH is variable. Both flares in disease activity and remissions, often followed by a post partum flare, are well recognized. In contrast, definite AIH first presenting in the early post partum ...
Paus T C - - 2004
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is characterized by the occurrence of pruritus mostly in the third trimenon. Diagnosis is based on the presence of pruritus and elevated levels of serum bile acids in the absence of pruritic skin diseases. There is strong evidence of a genetic predisposition for ICP. Numerous ...
Mortelé K J - - 2004
Fulminant hepatitis due to herpes simplex virus (HSV) is rare in immunocompetent adults. Most reported cases have clearly established pregnancy as a condition that can predispose to disseminated HSV infection. We report a case of a 25-year-old previously healthy pregnant woman who presented with fatigue, fever, and anicteric hepatitis. Triphasic ...
Kumar A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To study the spectrum and the clinical and biochemical course of viral hepatitis E during pregnancy. METHODS: In this prospective study, sera of 62 pregnant women having jaundice in the third trimester of pregnancy were analyzed for markers of hepatitis A, B, C and E viruses. The cord blood ...
Stahl Walter - - 2004
Infection of gravid Nya: NYLAR (NYLAR), C57BL/6J (C57), and BALB/c mice with Toxoplasma gondii, on gestation day 7, resulted in fetal resorptions, abortions, and stillbirths. Fetal wastage (estimated) was 35 and 40% in the NYLAR and C57 strains and 55% in the BALB/c strain. Postnatally, pups were cachectic and growth-retarded, ...
English Helen K P - - 2004
Research has shown that manuka honey has superior antimicrobial properties that can be used with success in the treatment of wound healing, peptic ulcers and bacterial gastro-enteritis. Studies have already shown that manuka honey with a high antibacterial activity is likely to be non-cariogenic. The current pilot study investigated whether ...
Riely Caroline A - - 2004
Patients with ICP should be considered to have a high-risk pregnancy. Once the diagnosis of ICP is suspected, usually because of generalized pruritus, it should be confirmed by liver function tests, and other causes of cholestasis should be ruled out. Treatment with UDCA is effective in ameliorating the cholestasis and ...
Cobey Frederick C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Liver masses in pregnancy are rare; some behave aggressively while others remain indolent. The paucity of case series has hindered the development of a defined approach to their diagnosis and management. This paper presents an algorithm for the diagnosis and management of hepatic hemangiomas, focal nodular hyperplasia, liver cell ...
Liu Xiumei - - 2004
Dynamics of sliding were explored in isolated actin and myosin filaments. Sliding occurs in steps. The steps are integer multiples of 2.7 nm, which is equal to the monomeric repeat along the actin filament. When filaments were forced to slide in the reverse direction, the size paradigm was the same. ...
Aggarwal Rakesh - - 2003
Hepatic encephalopathy in pregnancy may be related to a wide variety of acute and chronic liver diseases, including acute viral hepatitis, acute fatty liver of pregnancy, pre-eclampsia-related liver injury, etc. Of these, hepatitis E virus infection is a particularly important cause in those developing countries where this infection is endemic. ...
Sumi Koji - - 2003
A 62-year-old man with amyloid deposition associated with generalized morphea-like scleroderma is described. He had been occupationally exposed to organic solvents. Physical examination showed sclerosis of fingers, forearms, and trunk. Erythema was noted on the border of patchy sclerotic plaques on his chest and back. In addition, firm miliary, keratotic ...
Giles Michelle - - 2003
Hepatitis C is a slowly progressive disease with significant long-term sequelae including cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. Many women of childbearing years are infected with this virus and are at risk of transmitting it to their offspring. Despite this, there are many unanswered questions about hepatitis C and pregnancy ...
Biesbrock Aaron R - - 2003
PURPOSE: To compare the plaque removal efficacy of a control powered toothbrush (original Crest SpinBrush, flat bristle profile) to a prototype powered toothbrush (new Crest SpinBrush, rippled bristle pattern). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a randomized, controlled, examiner-blind, 4-period crossover design, which examined plaque removal following a single use. ...
Dwosh E - - 2003
Previous research on the effects of pregnancy on multiple sclerosis (MS) is somewhat flawed, and well-controlled, well-designed studies are needed to validate trial findings. In general, pregnancy appears to have a protective effect on MS course, with fewer, less severe relapses, especially in the third trimester. The exacerbation rate is ...
Dwosh E - - 2003
Many questions arise when counselling multiple sclerosis (MS) patients on the effects of MS on pregnancy, and vice versa. Reassurance can often be given regarding contraception, fertility, pregnancy management, pregnancy outcome, and the risk of the child developing MS. Much more information is needed, however, on the effects and implications ...
Ohlinger R - - 2003
Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy (PUPPP) is a rare dermatosis of unknown etiology that is most frequently seen in primiparas and twin/multiple pregnancies. The prognosis is favorable. We report a case of PUPPP in a primipara and review the clinical signs, differential diagnosis, possible etiologic factors, diagnosis, and ...
Kroumpouzos George - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We conducted an evidence-based systematic analysis of the literature on specific dermatoses of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: The bibliographic databases MEDLINE and EMBASE were screened for studies and reports in all languages about herpes gestationis, pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy, pruritic folliculitis of pregnancy, and prurigo of pregnancy ...
Lammert Frank - - 2003
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (or obstetric cholestasis) is a liver disorder that occurs in late pregnancy. Despite the potential adverse maternal and fetal/neonatal outcomes, cholestasis of pregnancy is often neglected and treated expectantly. More research is needed to improve the molecular and genetic understanding of the disease and to define ...
Lucena Juan-Felipe - - 2003
We describe a 47-year-old patient who developed cholelithiasis in adolescence, followed by recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, and finally biliary cirrhosis in adulthood. In our patient, the consecutive presentation of the 3 mentioned disorders raised the suspicion of a defect of MDR3, the canalicular protein involved in the transport of ...
Marsh Fiona A - - 2003
Spontaneous hepatic rupture in pregnancy is a rare condition associated with significant maternal and perinatal mortality. Patients developing pre-eclampsia and especially HELLP syndrome require close monitoring for prompt diagnosis of hepatic rupture. However, the presenting symptoms and signs, e.g. epigastric pain, shoulder pain, nausea and vomiting, are common. Thus a ...
Howard Philip J - - 2003
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) affects about 0.7% of deliveries in Britain. It is regarded as a benign condition for the mother but is associated with increased fetal mortality in late pregnancy and early delivery is advised. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment is beneficial to the mother and does not appear ...
Nakamura Kunihide - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate the change of hepatic metabolic activity presented by the ketone body ratio (AKBR) during and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and to evaluate the prognostic value. AKBR were measured in 20 cases of coronary aortic bypass grafting using moderate hypothermic CPB (group M), ...
Rombach Emmajean P - - 2003
The transfer of trace minerals between mother and fetus may be critical for survival of young ruminants especially among species at high latitudes, which gestate during a long winter and grow through a brief summer. We examined the distribution of copper and metalloproteins (ceruloplasmin and metallothionein) in muskoxen and their ...
Vimercati Antonella - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that thorough antenatal and postnatal investigations are helpful in any genetic syndrome. CASE REPORT: A woman without a specific risk had a finding of hyperechogenic foci at ultrasound. Karyotype on fetal blood was 47, XY+21 and extensive biochemical investigation revealed abnormal liver function. Given the suspicion of ...
Buchel Elwin - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy in autoimmune hepatitis has been a rare event, but it has become more frequent with improved therapy. The present study aimed to analyze the consequences for mother and child in patients with autoimmune hepatitis. METHODS: Fourteen pregnancies have been followed in five patients with autoimmune chronic hepatitis (AIH) ...
Su Weng-Hsiang - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous fulminant maternal hepatitis B infection and fetal meconium peritonitis has never been reported before in the English-language literature. CASE REPORT: Fetal meconium peritonitis was detected at 32 weeks' gestation in a 21-year-old woman suffering from fulminant hepatitis. Fulminant hepatitis B was confirmed by clinical observation and serologic examination ...
Ozaslan Ersan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Due to their antiproliferative activity, the probable effects of interferons on a fetus are a concern. We report on a pregnant patient who developed acute hepatitis C during pregnancy and was treated with a short course of interferon alfa therapy with a successful outcome. CASE SUMMARY: A 26-year-old woman ...
Conchillo J M - - 2002
Three primigravidae were admitted during the first trimester of pregnancy with nausea, vomiting, ketonuria and liver enzyme elevation of varying severity. A 29-year-old woman had elevated aminotransferase values, at levels described in the literature (ASAT 112 U/l, ALAT 214 U/l). The second patient, a woman aged 26 years, had undergone ...
Sicotte Nancy L - - 2002
Multiple sclerosis patients who become pregnant experience a significant decrease in relapses that may be mediated by a shift in immune responses from T helper 1 to T helper 2. Animal models of multiple sclerosis have shown that the pregnancy hormone, estriol, can ameliorate disease and can cause an immune ...
den Dulk M - - 2002
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a rare disease occurring mainly during the last trimester of pregnancy. Pruritus, often accompanied by excoriation of the skin but without other skin lesions, and elevated concentrations of bile acids are characteristic for this disorder. We present a 30-year-old woman with pruritus, elevated bile ...
Jenkins J Kimble - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the drug therapy for the treatment of itching associated with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was conducted in MEDLINE (1966-July 2002) using the following MeSH terms: pregnancy, itching, intrahepatic cholestasis, cholestyramine, ursodeoxycholic acid, and phenobarbital. Current Contents (1966-July 2002), International Pharmaceutical ...
Boito Simona M E - - 2002
PURPOSE: To establish reproducibility and normal values for fetal hepatic volume and its significance in identification of fetal growth restriction relative to head and upper abdominal circumferences according to a cross-sectional study design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant women (n = 135) underwent ultrasonography. The coefficient of variation (CV) for hepatic ...
Voskuhl Rhonda R - - 2002
Gender-related issues in multiple sclerosis include the important and widely accepted clinical observations that men are less susceptible to the disease than women and also that disease activity in multiple sclerosis is decreased during late pregnancy. This article reviews mechanisms underlying each of these clinical observations and discusses the role ...
Walker Ian Al - - 2002
The diagnosis of obstetric cholestasis (OC) has serious implications for maternal, and especially fetal, health. Total serum bile acid concentration is an important investigation in any woman with itching in the absence of a rash during pregnancy. Results should be available within 1-2 working days. Pruritus plus raised total bile ...
Patterson Bruce W - - 2002
Tracer methods for VLDL-TG kinetics vary in their ability to account for the effect of tracer recycling, which can influence the calculation of VLDL-TG fractional catabolic rates (FCRs). We evaluated a novel approach, involving stable isotopically labeled glycerol or palmitate tracers in conjunction with compartmental modeling, for measuring VLDL-TG kinetics ...
Jongwutiwes Somchai - - 2002
Recurrent isosporiasis in an immunocompetent host is reported. The patient suffered from chronic intermittent diarrhea for over a decade. Multiple short-term administrations of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole followed by pyrimethamine, or albendazole combined with tinidazole could not control the relapses. However, treatment with pyrimethamine, 25 mg/d for 20 weeks, was successful.
Kontoleon P - - 2002
We report the case of a 27-year-old woman with hyperthyroidism during pregnancy. Antithyroid treatment with propylthiouracil (PTU) resulted in elevated hepatic enzymes and after the 12th week of pregnancy treatment was changed to carbimazole (CBZ). The remaining pregnancy, delivery and follow-up period were uneventful for the mother and her offspring. ...
Mullally Brigid A - - 2002
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a rare disorder of unknown etiology with a symptomatically distressing maternal course with pruritus as the chief complaint. ICP poses little medical risk to the mother, but poses significant risk to the fetus of perinatal mortality, preterm delivery, fetal distress, and meconium staining. ICP ...
Au W Y - - 2002
In the Asia-Pacific region, autologous and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in patients infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) may be complicated by fatal hepatic failure due to viral reactivation. Survivors may suffer from accelerated hepatitis and cirrhosis. We report the first case of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after autologous ...
Ruhlman C Douglas - - 2002
A number of clinical studies have consistently demonstrated that power toothbrushes deliver superior plaque removal compared to manual toothbrushes. Recently, a new power toothbrush (Crest SpinBrush) has been marketed with a design that fundamentally differs from other marketed power toothbrushes. Other power toothbrushes feature a small, round head designed to ...
Germain Alfredo M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review animal and human data available regarding the etiology, maternal and fetal impact, and treatment of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). METHODS: Pertinent studies on human and animal models of ICP were selected through a MEDLINE database search, focusing on etiology and clinical impact of the disease. Analytic ...
Dong Minyue - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the alteration of maternal-fetal mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). METHODS: Twenty-two patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and 21 normal pregnant women were recruited into the present study. Of patients with ICP, 5 also experienced pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). Maternal-fetal mixed lymphocyte reaction ...
Mavrides E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound imaging of the fetal ductus venosus is becoming increasingly commonplace in clinical practice. The true anatomical relationships of the fetal umbilical and portal venous systems have not been clearly defined due to paucity of published data on the relevant anatomy. This has led to confusing terminology when describing ...
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