Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1063
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Teppa R J - - 2000
We measured bound and free leptin levels in preeclamptic and matched normal pregnant and never-pregnant women to determine whether the free component of leptin is increased during pregnancy and further increased in preeclampsia. Two milliliters of serum was obtained from 18 normal and 18 preeclamptic patients matched by pre-pregnancy body ...
Tollin S R - - 2000
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) during pregnancy is well known to confer an increased risk of complications to both the mother and the fetus. However, the risks and optimal management of patients with mild, asymptomatic disease during pregnancy are much less clear. We observed a patient with mild, asymptomatic PHP who was ...
Christiansen M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The proform of eosinophil major basic protein (ProMBP) exists in serum from pregnant women complexed with a variable fraction of angiotensinogen (Ang). A subfraction further binds complement C3dg in a 2:2:2 complex. The function, physiology, and clinical importance of ProMBP complexes are unknown, and the specific quantification of these ...
Widjaja A - - 2000
Leptin is a hormone secreted from adipocytes and trophoblasts which might influence energy metabolism during gestation. In this study we evaluated the course of free and bound leptin levels in 22 healthy pregnant women and compared these values to those in non-pregnant women matched for body mass index (BMI) and ...
Fábregues F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) may play an important role in embryo implantation and early embryo development. This study investigated the potential role of circulating nitric oxide (NO) measurement to predict the outcome of implantation and pregnancy after IVF and ET. METHODS: Two blood samples were collected from 237 IVF patients ...
Parker C R CR - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to quantify thromboxane B2 (TXB2) in umbilical cord serum of term infants of nulliparous, low-risk women who were randomly assigned to either placebo or low-dose (60 mg) aspirin (ASA) on a daily basis from 24 weeks' gestation through delivery as part of a randomized clinical trial ...
De Schepper J - - 2000
Inhibin B, a gonadal peptide regulating follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) secretion in adults, has been found during gestation in amniotic fluid, but at birth only in term cord blood of male babies. Since no data are available on the evolution of serum inhibin B during the 1st week of life, ...
Moroz C - - 2000
A component of placental isoferritin, p43, is an immuno-regulatory protein associated with suppression of the immune system. Maternal serum p43 levels increase throughout pregnancy and low serum levels have been associated with various pathological pregnancies, particularly those with a defect of placentation. We measured maternal serum p43 retrospectively in banked ...
Nelen W L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the relative risk of recurrent early pregnancy loss for different total plasma homocysteine and serum folate concentrations. METHODS: In a case-control study, we measured homocysteine (fasting and afterload), folate (serum and red cells), pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, and cobalamin concentrations in 123 women who had at least two consecutive ...
Murray A - - 2000
FRAXA premutations have been associated with premature ovarian failure (POF) or menopause before the age of 40. We have studied women in families ascertained because of a mentally retarded full mutation relative and determined their age of menopause, serum hormone levels in premenopausal individuals and the outcome of any pregnancies. ...
Yamahara N - - 2000
Placental leucine aminopeptidase (P-LAP), which is identical with cystine aminopeptidase as oxytocinase, was found to be homologous with rat insulin-regulated membrane aminopeptidase (IRAP) by sequence comparison. In the current study, we determined the P-LAP levels in maternal serum and placenta during healthy pregnancy. P-LAP activities in maternal serum increased with ...
keith J C JC - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was the measurement of maternal serum levels of M-CSF throughout pregnancy, in a low risk obstetrical population, to examine the relationship of M-CSF and pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Maternal serum was obtained at various stages of pregnancy and post partum, M-CSF levels were measured ...
Riley S C - - 2000
Inhibins are regulators of paracrine and endocrine function during pregnancy, but their intrauterine sites of secretion are not well established. In amniotic fluid, inhibin A-, inhibin B- and inhibin pro-alphaC-containing isoforms were present in high concentrations, whereas in maternal serum, inhibin A and pro-alphaC forms were present in high amounts, ...
Phocas I - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Maternal serum soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) were evaluated in preeclampsia to investigate whether these molecules could be helpful with regard to this pregnancy complication. STUDY DESIGN: The study population was composed of 30 preeclamptic patients with a mean gestational age of ...
Gervais A - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The natural history of chronic hepatitis C infection during pregnancy has not been clearly established, and thus our aim was to assess serum alanine aminotransferase levels and serum HCV RNA levels during pregnancy. METHODS: Twenty-six pregnant women with chronic hepatitis C were studied. Serum alanine aminotransferase was assessed within ...
Irwin J C - - 2000
During the course of human pregnancy, there is a marked increase in insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein (IGFBP)-3 protease activity in maternal serum that is first evident at 6 weeks of gestation, persists through term, and returns to nonpregnancy levels by day 5 postpartum. This protease activity cleaves IGFBP-3 ...
Sapin V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A (retinol), which is required for normal fetal development and successful gestation, circulates in the blood bound to a specific protein, the retinol binding protein (RBP). Little is known about the transport and metabolism of this complex protein or about retinol status during normal human pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The ...
Kruse N - - 2000
Epidemiological data provide evidence that disease activity of T cell-mediated, organ-specific autoimmune diseases is reduced during pregnancy. Although there are several experimental animal studies on the effect of pregnancy on the immune system, the situation in humans is less clear. We therefore performed a prospective analysis of cytokine mRNA expression ...
Yamashiro C - - 2000
The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether maternal and fetal circulating angiogenin levels in pregnancies with small-for-gestational- age (SGA) infants are different from those in pregnancies with appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) infants. Maternal and fetal circulating angiogenin concentrations were compared at birth between 16 pregnancies with SGA (7 delivered ...
Byun D - - 2000
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4), a consistent inhibitor of IGF action, is subject to proteolytic cleavage by the IGF-II-dependent IGFBP-4 protease. However, regulation of the IGF-II-dependent IGFBP-4 protease in vivo is not known. As IGFBP proteases are known to be triggered during pregnancy, we systematically evaluated the changes in ...
Gadsby R - - 2000
This study investigated the aetiology of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) in primary care using a new methodology. Eighteen women in early pregnancy had 2 blood samples taken in one 24-hour time period, one when they were symptomatic, and another when they were symptom-free. Maternal serum levels of the ...
Jauniaux E - - 2000
Fetal blood was obtained in 35 normal pregnancies undergoing termination for psychosocial reasons between 11 and 17 weeks of gestation. Biochemical and endocrinological analyses were performed on each sample including concentrations of urea, creatinine, beta-microglobulin total protein, electrolytes, enzymes, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroxin ...
Poletaev A B - - 2000
Immunoreactivity that is contents/affinity of natural antibodies (N-Ab) of IgG class to developmentally related proteins MBP, S100, ACBP14/18 and MP65 were measured in serum samples of 1987 women at their pregnancy terms of 3-12 weeks. The pregnancy results of the examined women were analyzed 4-9 months later. It was revealed ...
Daniel Y - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and evaluate their capacity to serve as a marker for the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy (EP). DESIGN: Prospective, case-controlled study. SETTING: A tertiary care center. PATIENT(S): Twenty women with EP, 10 women with normal intrauterine pregnancy, and 10 women ...
Sapir O - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to determine the value of maternal serum CA-125 concentrations in pregnancies complicated by fetal anomalies with or without hydramnios. STUDY DESIGN: The study population (n=40) consisted of the following four groups of patients: (1) 10 women with abnormal maternal serum alpha fetal protein ...
Ognibene A - - 1999
Superoxide dismutase (SOD: EC1.15.1.1) has been shown to increase in Down syndrome (DS) subjects and in amniotic fluid from DS affected pregnancies. In order to verify a possible increase of maternal serum SOD in DS affected pregnancies and its possible contribution in prenatal screening, the serum enzyme activity was retrospectively ...
Nagaoka K - - 1999
The relationship between a selective increase in circulating immunoreactive (ir)-inhibin and the time of ovulation was investigated in mares. Concentrations of plasma ir-inhibin were measured every 4 h during the periovulatory period. Inhibin pro-alphaC, a precursor protein of the inhibin alpha-subunit, was also measured. The changes in ir-inhibin and inhibin ...
Geary M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine 1. the relationship between maternal serum leptin concentrations and maternal anthropometry and 2. the relationship between cord serum leptin concentrations at birth and neonatal anthropometry. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of fetal growth in low-risk pregnancies. SETTING: University teaching hospital. SAMPLE: Thirty-nine women and their babies taking part ...
Lackmann G M - - 1999
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) are ubiquitous carcinogenic and teratogenic compounds that are transplacentally transferred from mother to fetus during pregnancy. It was the aim of the present study to evaluate the possible influence of maternal age and duration of pregnancy on the neonatal burden with these substances. Blood ...
Yaron Y - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the value of all 3 common biochemical serum markers, maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein, beta-human chorionic gonadotropin, and unconjugated estriol, and combinations thereof as predictors of pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 60,040 patients underwent maternal serum screening. All patients had maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein measurements; beta-human chorionic gonadotropin ...
Vaughan Jones S A - - 1999
Pruritic folliculitis (PF) is one of the specific dermatoses of pregnancy the aetiology of which remains unknown. Several theories have been proposed, and the most commonly accepted is that it represents a hormonally induced acne, as seen in patients taking progestogenic steroids. This theory led to the proposition that serum ...
Rathi S S - - 1999
Zinc is an important trace element having a definitive role in the metabolism, growth and development and reproduction. During pregnancy the requirements for zinc increase. This study was designed to evaluate the zinc status of normal women, normal pregnant women and their newborn babies. Forty normal adult females, 40 normal ...
Coe J E - - 1999
Pentraxins such as human serum amyloid P component (SAP) and C reactive protein (CRP) represent an ancient family of proteins that are ubiquitous in nature and have evolved with little change in structure or regulation. The pentraxin in the Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) is unique because it is preferentially expressed ...
Akarasereenont P - - 1999
COX-2 protein, but not COX-1 protein, was induced in HUVEC from women with a normal pregnancy (nHUVEC) treated with serum from patients with preeclampsia (pSerum), but not with serum from women with a normal pregnancy (nSerum). COX activity in pSerum treated nHUVEC was less than in nSerum treated nHUVEC. Interestingly, ...
Aitken D A - - 1999
Maternal serum samples were collected from 19 pregnancies which resulted in the birth of a child with the classical Cornelia de Lange syndrome phenotype ascertained by careful clinical review. Using specific immunoassays, the serum levels of pregnancy associated plasma protein-A, free-beta human chorionic gonadotrophin and inhibin A were investigated. Pregnancy ...
Grond S - - 1999
AIMS: Tramadol, a centrally acting analgesic, is used as a racemate containing 50% of a (+)- and 50% of a (-)-enantiomer. This paper presents the pharmacokinetic results of postoperative patient-controlled analgesia using (+)-tramadol, (-)-tramadol or the racemate. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients recovering from major gynaecological surgery were treated in a randomised, ...
Botsis D - - 1999
AIM: To measure MCA and CA153 concentrations in maternal serum (MS) and amniotic fluid (AF) paired samples during normal pregnancy, in order to evaluate the usefulness of these markers in monitoring pregnant patients with a history of breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum and AF MCA and CA153 values were ...
Onwuameze I C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reference values for heat-stable alkaline phosphatase in apparently healthy non-pregnant and in normal pregnant females and to assess the suitability of this parameter as a measure of placental function and indirectly as a measure of foetal survival. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: Ante-natal clinic, University of ...
Petraglia F - - 1999
A great deal of new information has arisen in the past 2 years concerning the physiology of inhibins and their clinical relevance in reproductive medicine. It is now recognized that the two inhibin isoforms, inhibin A and inhibin B, are produced by the gonads in the course of gamete maturation ...
Cuckle H S - - 1999
Inhibin A is now an established second-trimester maternal serum marker of Down syndrome. Since activin A has a common beta-subunit to inhibin A we evaluated this substance and its binding protein, follistatin, as potential markers. We studied 30 affected and 199 unaffected pregnancies at 13-16 weeks' gestation. There was a ...
Kashiwagi T - - 1999
2-Hydroxyestradiol 17-sulphate (2-OH E2-17-S) is a catecholized form of sulphated estrogen. In vitro studies showed that its antioxidative effect is almost equal to that of free catecholestrogens, such as 2-OH E2 or 4-OH E2 and alpha-tocoferol, but the existance of 2-OH E2-17-S in human serum has not yet been made ...
Wheeler T - - 1999
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has important effects on endothelial cells increasing cell proliferation, permeability and nitric oxide production; concentrations of VEGF in the maternal serum increase during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy. In this study, the relationship of maternal serum VEGF with maternal health during pregnancy and with ...
Wallace E M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: In the second trimester of pregnancy, inhibin A is significantly increased in maternal serum and decreased in amniotic fluid in Down's syndrome pregnancies compared to normal. We wished to further evaluate the levels of inhibin A, inhibin B, pro-alpha C inhibin, activin A and the binding protein follistatin in ...
Wada I - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine etoposide (VP16) levels in serum and pleural effusion after intravenous infusion or intrathoracic instillation to lung cancer patients. METHODS: Four patients were administered VP16 by intrathoracic instillation and three patients were administered it intravenously. Serum, urine, and pleural effusion were collected and VP16 levels in the biological ...
Singh H J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the calcium status in normal pregnant Malay women. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, serum parathormone (PTH) and calcium concentrations, and 24-h urinary calcium excretion were estimated in age-matched normotensive pregnant women, over the 3 trimesters. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were evident in serum ionised calcium concentrations ...
Martin U - - 1999
Serum cholesterol, triacylglycerols and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) subfractions were determined in 120 primagravid women during normal gestation (40 in each trimester) and in 20 non-pregnant age-matched controls. LDL subfractions were determined by PAGE, and an LDL score was calculated. The higher the score, the smaller the subfractions. The objective of ...
Kanda Y - - 1999
Thrombopoietin (TPO) is a ligand for c-mpl, which regulates the differentiation and maturation of megakaryocytes. Essential thrombocythaemia (ET) is a clonal myeloproliferative disorder. It has been reported that the platelet count declines during pregnancy in ET patients. We examined serial changes in the serum TPO level during the course of ...
Kobayashi H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study the changes in concentrations of serum hyaluronic acid in uncomplicated human pregnancies. METHODS: We determined the concentrations of serum hyaluronic acid, using a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, in 70 nonpregnant women, 250 women during their pregnancies, and 68 women at the time of parturition. Results were analyzed ...
Powers R W - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that the common missense mutation of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) (677 C to T, ala to val) is more prevalent among nulliparous preeclamptic women compared with control and transient hypertension of pregnancy patients. The correlation of the MTHFR T677/T677 genotype in mothers and fetuses was also ...
O'Connor A E - - 1999
Activin A, a dimer of the betaA-subunit of inhibin, has been shown to have multiple biological activities and sites of production. Follistatin is a high-affinity binding protein for activin, which neutralizes its activity. This study provides the first data, using a cross-sectional design, on the measurement of both these proteins ...
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